Date

Measurement of the $\Lambda_b$ polarization and angular parameters in $\Lambda_b\to J/\psi\, \Lambda$ decays from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D97 (2018) 072010, 2018.
Inspire Record 1654926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83664

An analysis of the bottom baryon decay Λb→J/ψ(→μ+μ-)Λ(→pπ-) is performed to measure the Λb polarization and three angular parameters in data from pp collisions at s=7 and 8 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The Λb polarization is measured to be 0.00±0.06(stat)±0.06(syst) and the parity-violating asymmetry parameter is determined to be 0.14±0.14(stat)±0.10(syst). The measurements are compared to various theoretical predictions, including those from perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

3 data tables

The measured values of the angular parameters and the $\Lambda_b$ polarization.

The values of the helicity amplitudes in the decay.

Correlation matrix for the fitted parameters.


Global $\Lambda$ hyperon polarization in nuclear collisions: evidence for the most vortical fluid

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1510474 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77494

The extreme temperatures and energy densities generated by ultra-relativistic collisions between heavy nuclei produce a state of matter with surprising fluid properties. Non-central collisions have angular momentum on the order of 1000$\hbar$, and the resulting fluid may have a strong vortical structure that must be understood to properly describe the fluid. It is also of particular interest because the restoration of fundamental symmetries of quantum chromodynamics is expected to produce novel physical effects in the presence of strong vorticity. However, no experimental indications of fluid vorticity in heavy ion collisions have so far been found. Here we present the first measurement of an alignment between the angular momentum of a non-central collision and the spin of emitted particles, revealing that the fluid produced in heavy ion collisions is by far the most vortical system ever observed. We find that $\Lambda$ and $\overline{\Lambda}$ hyperons show a positive polarization of the order of a few percent, consistent with some hydrodynamic predictions. A previous measurement that reported a null result at higher collision energies is seen to be consistent with the trend of our new observations, though with larger statistical uncertainties. These data provide the first experimental access to the vortical structure of the "perfect fluid" created in a heavy ion collision. They should prove valuable in the development of hydrodynamic models that quantitatively connect observations to the theory of the Strong Force. Our results extend the recent discovery of hydrodynamic spin alignment to the subatomic realm.

2 data tables

Lambda and AntiLambda polarization as a function of collision energy. Systematic errorbars include those associated with particle identification (tiny), uncertainty in the value of the hyperon decay paramter (2%) and reaction plane resolution (2%) and detector efficiency corrections (4%). The dominant systematic error comes from statistical fluctuations in the "signal" in the combinatoric background

RESOLUTION UNCORRECTED Lambda and AntiLambda polarization as a function of collision energy. Systematic errorbars include those associated with particle identification (tiny), uncertainty in the value of the hyperon decay paramter (2%) and reaction plane resolution (2%) and detector efficiency corrections (4%). The dominant systematic error comes from statistical fluctuations in the "signal" in the combinatoric background


Measurement of the beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for $\pi^0$ and $\eta$ photoproduction on the proton at $E_\gamma = 9$ GeV

The GlueX collaboration Al Ghoul, H. ; Anassontzis, E.G. ; Austregesilo, A. ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1511149 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76745

We report measurements of the photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the reactions $\vec{\gamma}p\to p\pi^0$ and $\vec{\gamma}p\to p\eta $ from the GlueX experiment using a 9 GeV linearly polarized, tagged photon beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target in Jefferson Lab's Hall D. The asymmetries, measured as a function of the proton momentum transfer, possess greater precision than previous $\pi^0$ measurements and are the first $\eta$ measurements in this energy regime. The results are compared with theoretical predictions based on $t$-channel, quasi-particle exchange and constrain the axial-vector component of the neutral meson production mechanism in these models.

2 data tables

Measurement of the beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for $\pi^0$ photoproduction on the proton at $E_\gamma = 9$ GeV. The uncorrelated systematic errors (syst) are given in the table below along with a correlated normalization uncertainty (norm) of 3.6% due to the beam polarization.

Measurement of the beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for $\eta$ photoproduction on the proton at $E_\gamma = 9$ GeV. The uncorrelated systematic errors (syst) are given in the table below along with a correlated normalization uncertainty (norm) of 3.6% due to the beam polarization.


Measurement of angular asymmetries in the decays $B \to K^*ℓ^+ℓ^-$

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 052015, 2016.
Inspire Record 1391152 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75484

We study the lepton forward-backward asymmetry AFB and the longitudinal K* polarization FL, as well as an observable P2 derived from them, in the rare decays B→K*ℓ+ℓ-, where ℓ+ℓ- is either e+e- or μ+μ-, using the full sample of 471 million BB¯ events collected at the ϒ(4S) resonance with the BABAR, detector at the PEP-II e+e- collider. We separately fit and report results for the K*0(892)ℓ+ℓ- and K*+(892)ℓ+ℓ- final states, as well as their combination K*ℓ+ℓ-, in five disjoint dilepton mass-squared bins. An angular analysis of B+→K*+ℓ+ℓ- decays is presented here for the first time.

3 data tables

$F_L$ angular fit results.

$A_{FB}$ angular fit results.

$P_2$ results with total uncertainties.


Differential branching fraction and angular moments analysis of the decay $B^0 \to K^+ \pi^- \mu^+ \mu^-$ in the $K^*_{0,2}(1430)^0$ region

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1612 (2016) 065, 2016.
Inspire Record 1486676 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75193
3 data tables

: Differential branching fraction of $B^0 \to K^+ \pi^- \mu^+ \mu^-$ in bins of $q^2$ for the range $1330<m(K^+ \pi^-)<1530~MeV/c^2$. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic and the third due to the uncertainty on the $B^0 \to J/\psi K^*(892)^0$ and $J/\psi \to \mu\mu$ branching fractions.

Measurement of the normalised moments, $\overline{\Gamma}_{i}$, of the decay $B^0 \to K^+ \pi^- \mu^+ \mu^-$ in the range $1.1< q^2<6.0 GeV^2/c^4$ and $1330<m(K^+ \pi^-)<1530~MeV/c^2$. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.

Full covariance matrix of the normalised moments. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are combined.


Angular analysis of the $B^{0} \to K^{*0} \mu^{+} \mu^{-}$ decay using 3 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
JHEP 1602 (2016) 104, 2016.
Inspire Record 1409497 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74247

An angular analysis of the B$^{0}$ → K$^{*0}$(→ K$^{+}$ π$^{−}$)μ$^{+}$ μ$^{−}$ decay is presented. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb$^{−1}$ of pp collision data collected at the LHCb experiment. The complete angular information from the decay is used to determine CP-averaged observables and CP asymmetries, taking account of possible contamination from decays with the K$^{+}$ π$^{−}$ system in an S-wave configuration. The angular observables and their correlations are reported in bins of q$^{2}$, the invariant mass squared of the dimuon system. The observables are determined both from an unbinned maximum likelihood fit and by using the principal moments of the angular distribution. In addition, by fitting for q$^{2}$-dependent decay amplitudes in the region 1.1 < q$^{2}$ < 6.0 GeV$^{2}$/c$^{4}$, the zero-crossing points of several angular observables are computed. A global fit is performed to the complete set of CP-averaged observables obtained from the maximum likelihood fit. This fit indicates differences with predictions based on the Standard Model at the level of 3.4 standard deviations. These differences could be explained by contributions from physics beyond the Standard Model, or by an unexpectedly large hadronic effect that is not accounted for in the Standard Model predictions.

83 data tables

CP-averaged angular observables evaluated by the unbinned maximum likelihood fit.

CP-averaged angular observables evaluated by the unbinned maximum likelihood fit. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

CP-asymmetric angular observables evaluated by the unbinned maximum likelihood fit. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

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Angular analysis and differential branching fraction of the decay $B^0_s\to\phi\mu^+\mu^-$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1509 (2015) 179, 2015.
Inspire Record 1380188 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73774

An angular analysis and a measurement of the differential branching fraction of the decay B$^{s}$  → ϕμ$^{+}$ μ$^{−}$ are presented, using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb$^{−1}$ of pp collisions recorded by the LHCb experiment at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV. Measurements are reported as a function of q$^{2}$, the square of the dimuon invariant mass and results of the angular analysis are found to be consistent with the Standard Model. In the range 1 < q$^{2}$ < 6 GeV$^{2}$ /c$^{4}$, where precise theoretical calculations are available, the differential branching fraction is found to be more than 3σ below the Standard Model predictions.

3 data tables

The signal yields for $B_s^0 \to \phi\mu^+\mu^-$ decays, as well as the differential branching fraction relative to the normalisation mode and the absolute differential branching fraction, in bins of $q^2$. The given uncertainties are (from left to right) statistical, systematic, and the uncertainty on the branching fraction of the normalisation mode.

(Top) $CP$-averaged angular observables $F_{\rm L}$ and $S_{3,4,7}$ obtained from the unbinned maximum likelihood fit.

(Bottom) $CP$ asymmetries $A_{5,6,8,9}$ obtained from the unbinned maximum likelihood fit.


Two-body strange-particle final states in pi- p interactions at 4.5 and 6 gev/c

Crennell, D.J. ; Gordon, H.A. ; Lai, Kwan-Wu ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D6 (1972) 1220-1254, 1972.
Inspire Record 73936 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3601
39 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

FIT FOR FORWARD CROSS SECTION AND SLOPE.

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K- p Cross-Sections Between 1.1-GeV/c and 1.4-GeV/c

Griselin, J. ; Givernaud, A. ; Barloutaud, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B93 (1975) 189-216, 1975.
Inspire Record 99412 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6708
9 data tables

PARTIAL CROSS SECTIONS. DATA AT 1.305 TO 1.434 GEV/C FOR FINAL STATES K- P, K- P PI0 AND K- N PI+ COME FROM THE HAIFA GROUP, S. DADO ET AL.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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A Study of Inclusive $\Lambda$, $\Sigma^0$ and $\Sigma(1385)$ Production in $K^- p$ Interactions at 8.25-{GeV}/$c$

The Birmingham-CERN-Glasgow-Michigan State-Paris collaboration Baubillier, M. ; Bloodworth, I.J. ; Bossen, G.J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B148 (1979) 18-40, 1979.
Inspire Record 132295 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8128
8 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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ASYMMETRY IN pi+ PHOTOPRODUCTION FROM A POLARIZED TARGET AT 5-GeV AND 16-GeV

Morehouse, Charles C. ; Borghini, M. ; Chamberlain, Owen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 25 (1970) 835, 1970.
Inspire Record 60947 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3373
5 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Study of the Reaction $p p$ (Polarized) $\to p \pi^+ n$ With Polarized Beam From 3-{GeV}/$c$ to 12-{GeV}/$c$

Wicklund, A.B. ; Arenton, M.W. ; Ayres, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D34 (1986) 19, 1986.
Inspire Record 17565 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3936
36 data tables

Unpolarized cross sections.

Unpolarized cross sections.

Unpolarized cross sections.

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FROM QUOTED TOPOLOGICAL CROSS SECTIONS. 1.44 GEV CROSS SECTION PUBLISHED PREVIOUSLY.

No description provided.

NO TMIN CORRECTION HAS BEEN MADE.

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Angular analysis of the decay $B^0 \to K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ from pp collisions at $\sqrt s = 8$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B753 (2016) 424-448, 2016.
Inspire Record 1385600 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17057
2 data tables

The measured values of signal yield, FL, AFB, and differential branching fraction in bins of the dimuon invariant mass squared. The (FL,AFB) correlation factors are also shown.

The measured values of FL, AFB, and differential branching fraction in bins of the dimuon invariant mass squared, combining the 7 TeV and 8 TeV results.


Measurement of the Polarization of the Proton Proton Elastic Reaction at Small Scattering Angles Between 940-{MeV} and 2440-{MeV}

Dalla Torre-Colautti, S. ; Birsa, R. ; Bradamante, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A505 (1989) 561-582, 1989.
Inspire Record 288841 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36886

We have measured the asymmetry of elastic pp scattering at small scattering angles (30–100 mrad) in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region, using the polarized proton beam of Saturne II, a segmented scintillator active target, and two telescopes of multiwire proportional chambers. Results are given at four energies — 940, 1000, 1320 and 2440 MeV-and are compared with phase-shift calculations.

4 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Exclusive electroproduction of J/psi mesons at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Chekanov, S. ; Derrick, M. ; Krakauer, D. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B695 (2004) 3-37, 2004.
Inspire Record 647777 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.46277

The exclusive electroproduction of J/psi mesons, ep->epJ/psi, has been studied with the ZEUS detector at HERA for virtualities of the exchanged photon in the ranges 0.15<Q^2<0.8 GeV^2 and 2<Q^2<100 GeV^2 using integrated luminosities of 69 pb^-1 and 83 pb^-1, respectively.The photon-proton centre-of-mass energy was in the range 30<W<220 GeV and the squared four-momentum transfer at the proton vertex |t|<1.The cross sections and decay angular distributions are presented as functions of Q^2, W and t. The effective parameters of the Pomeron trajectory are in agreement with those found in J/psi photoproduction. The spin-density matrix elements, calculated from the decay angular distributions, are consistent with the hypothesis of s-channel helicity conservation. The ratio of the longitudinal to transverse cross sections, sigma_L/sigma_T, grows with Q^2, whilst no dependence on W or t is observed. The results are in agreement with perturbative QCD calculations and exhibit a strong sensitivity to the gluon distribution in the proton.

20 data tables

Cross sections for exclusive J/PSI production as a function of W in the Q**2 region 0.15 to 0.18 GeV**2.

Cross sections for exclusive J/PSI production as a function of W in the Q**2 region 2 to 5 GeV**2.

Cross sections for exclusive J/PSI production as a function of W in the Q**2 region 5 to 10 GeV**2.

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Inelastic Production of J/psi Mesons in Photoproduction and Deep Inelastic Scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Aaron, F.D. ; Alexa, C. ; Andreev, V. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C68 (2010) 401-420, 2010.
Inspire Record 844299 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60488

A measurement is presented of inelastic photo- and electroproduction of J/psi mesons in ep scattering at HERA. The data were recorded with the H1 detector in the period from 2004 to 2007. Single and double differential cross sections are determined and the helicity distributions of the J/psi mesons are analysed. The results are compared to theoretical predictions in the colour singlet model and in the framework of non-relativistic QCD. Calculations in the colour singlet model using a k_T factorisation ansatz are able to give a good description of the data, while colour singlet model calculations to next-to-leading order in collinear factorisation underestimate the data.

19 data tables

Measured differential photoproduction cross section as a function of the squared transverse momentum of the J/PSI.

Measured differential photoproduction cross section as a function of the elasticity of the J/PSI.

Measured photoproduction cross section as a function of the photon-proton centre of mass energy W.

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Angular analysis of $B^0 \to K^\ast(892)^0 \ell^+ \ell^-$

The Belle collaboration Abdesselam, A. ; Adachi, I. ; Adamczyk, K. ; et al.
Conference Paper, 2016.
Inspire Record 1446979 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72558
1 data table

Results of the angular analysis of $B^0 \to K^\ast(892)^0 \ell^+ \ell^-$ (where $\ell = e,\mu$) in five bins of $q^2$, the di-lepton invariant mass squared.


Measurement of $\psi(2S)$ polarisation in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2014) 2872, 2014.
Inspire Record 1283844 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64674

The polarisation of prompt $\psi(2S)$ mesons is measured by performing an angular analysis of $\psi(2S)\rightarrow \mu^{+} \mu^{-}$ decays using proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{-1}$, collected by the LHCb detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The polarisation is measured in bins of transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and rapidity $y$ in the kinematic region $3.5<p_\mathrm{T}<15$ GeV$/c$ and $2.0<y<4.5$, and is compared to theoretical models. No significant polarisation is observed.

8 data tables

The measured prompt PSI(2S) polarisation parameter LAMBDA(THETA) in bins of YRAP and PT in the helicity frame.

The measured prompt PSI(2S) polarisation parameter LAMBDA(THETA PHI) in bins of YRAP and PT in the helicity frame.

The measured prompt PSI(2S) polarisation parameter LAMBDA(PHI) in bins of YRAP and PT in the helicity frame.

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Spin observables in neutron proton elastic scattering

Ahmidouch, A. ; Arnold, J. ; van den Brandt, B. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C2 (1998) 627-641, 1998.
Inspire Record 471273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11376
20 data tables

Position 'A' (see text for explanation).

Position 'A' (see text for explanation).

Position 'A' (see text for explanation).

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Recent results on the polarization parameter in $\pi-p$ and $p-p$ elastic scattering from 6 to 12 GeV/c.

Borghini, M. ; Coignet, G. ; Dick, Louis ; et al.
Conference Paper, 2016.
Inspire Record 1371768 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71256
11 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Spin density matrix elements in exclusive $\omega$ electroproduction on $^1$H and $^2$H targets at 27.5 GeV beam energy

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2014) 3110, 2014.
Inspire Record 1305286 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70751

Exclusive electroproduction of $\omega $ mesons on unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets is studied in the kinematic region of $Q^2> 1.0$  GeV$^2$ , 3.0 GeV  $< W <$  6.3 GeV, and $-t'< 0.2$  GeV$^2$ . Results on the angular distribution of the $\omega $ meson, including its decay products, are presented. The data were accumulated with the HERMES forward spectrometer during the 1996–2007 running period using the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron or positron beam of HERA. The determination of the virtual-photon longitudinal-to-transverse cross-section ratio reveals that a considerable part of the cross section arises from transversely polarized photons. Spin density matrix elements are presented in projections of $Q^2$ or $-t'$ . Violation of $s$ -channel helicity conservation is observed for some of these elements. A sizable contribution from unnatural-parity-exchange amplitudes is found and the phase shift between those amplitudes that describe transverse $\omega $ production by longitudinal and transverse virtual photons, $\gamma ^{*L} \rightarrow \omega _{T}$ and $\gamma ^{*T} \rightarrow \omega _{T}$ , is determined for the first time. A hierarchy of helicity amplitudes is established, which mainly means that the unnatural-parity-exchange amplitude describing the $\gamma ^*_T \rightarrow \omega _T$ transition dominates over the two natural-parity-exchange amplitudes describing the $\gamma ^*_L \rightarrow \omega _L$ and $\gamma ^*_T \rightarrow \omega _T$ transitions, with the latter two being of similar magnitude. Good agreement is found between the HERMES proton data and results of a pQCD-inspired phenomenological model that includes pion-pole contributions, which are of unnatural parity.

9 data tables

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs from the proton and deuteron data.

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs for the proton data in $Q^2$ intervals: $1.00 - 1.57 - 2.55 - 10.00$ GeV$^2$.

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs for the proton data in $-t'$ intervals: $0.000 - 0.044 - 0.105 - 0.200$ GeV$^2$.

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Study on the cross section asymmetry of deuteron photodisintegration induced by low energy polarized γ quanta

Barannik, V.P. ; Gorbenko, V.G. ; Gushchin, V.A. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 38 (1983) 1108-1100, 1983.
Inspire Record 1408810 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17732

Results are presented on measured asymmetry parameter in the cross sections of the deuteron photodesintegration by linearly polarized photon beam in the energy range 40-70 MeV for the proton emission angles of 75 and 90 deg in the c. m. s. The experimental data are compared with the theoretical calculations by Partovi, Arenhovel, as well as with calculations performed within an invariant approach with gauge-invariant amplitudes in the pole approximation. The results of the calculation by Arenhovel and the present calculations satisfactorily agree with the experimental data, while the Partovi theory does not describe the asymmetry parameter measurements for photon energies above 40 MeV

1 data table

No description provided.


THE ASYMMETRY SIGMA HAS BEEN DETERMINED BY THE FORMULA: D(SIG)/D(OMEGA)=D(SIG0)/D(OMEGA)*(1+P*SIGMA*COS(PHI)), WHERE D(SIG0)/D(OMEGA) - CROSS SECTION ON U NPOLARIZED PHOTON BEAM, P - BEAM POLARIZATION, PHI - ASIMUTHAL ANGLE BETWEEN POLARIZATION VECTOR OF BEAM AND THE PLANE OF THE REACTION.


Angular dependence of the recoil proton polarization from the reaction $\gamma p \to \pi^0 p$ for photon energies between 360-MeV and 1200-MeV

Blum, P. ; Brinckmann, P. ; Brockmann, R. ; et al.
Conference Paper, 1970.
Inspire Record 1085812 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70500
6 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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