Precise measurement of the b quark fragmentation function in Z0 boson decays

The SLD collaboration Abe, Kenji ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 4300-4304, 2000.
Inspire Record 512427 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19428

We have developed a new technique for inclusive reconstruction of the energy of B hadrons. The excellent efficiency and resolution of this technique allow us to make the most precise determination of the b-quark fragmentation function, using e+e- -> Z0 decays recorded in the SLD experiment at SLAC. We compared our measurement with the predictions of a number of fragmentation models. We excluded several of these models and measured the average scaled energy of weakly-decaying B hadrons to be <x_B>=0.714+-0.005(stat)+-0.007(syst) +-0.002(model dependence).

1 data table

Unfolded distribution of weakly decaying scaled B-hadron enery with statistical errors only.


Particle multiplicity of unbiased gluon jets from $e^{+} e^{-}$ three jet events

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C23 (2002) 597-613, 2002.
Inspire Record 565517 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49742

The charged particle multiplicities of two- and three-jet events from the reaction e+e- -> Z0 -> hadrons are measured for Z0 decays to light quark (uds) flavors. Using recent theoretical expressions to account for biases from event selection, results corresponding to unbiased gluon jets are extracted over a range of jet energies from about 11 to 30 GeV. We find consistency between these results and direct measurements of unbiased gluon jet multiplicity from upsilon and Z0 decays. The unbiased gluon jet data including the direct measurements are compared to corresponding results for quark jets. We perform fits based on analytic expressions for particle multiplicity in jets to determine the ratio r = Ng/Nq of multiplicities between gluon and quark jets as a function of energy. We also determine the ratio of slopes, r(1) = (dNg/dy)/(dNq/dy), and of curvatures, r(2) = (d2Ng/dy2)/(d2Nq/dy2), where y specifies the energy scale. At 30 GeV, we find r = 1.422 +/- 0.051, r(1) = 1.761 +/- 0.071 and r(2) = 1.98 +/- 0.13, where the uncertainties are the statistical and systematic terms added in quadrature. These results are in general agreement with theoretical predictions. In addition, we use the measurements of the energy dependence of Ng and Nq to determine an effective value of the ratio of QCD color factors, CA/CF. Our result, CA/CF = 2.23 +/- 0.14 (total), is consistent with the QCD value of 2.25.

4 data tables

Measurements of the mean charged particle multiplicity of biased two-jet uds flavour events from Z0 decays as a function of the transverse momentum cutoff PT(C=LU) used to separate two- and three-jet events.

Measurements of the mean charged particle multiplicity of three-jet uds flavour 'Y events' from Z0 decays, as a function of the angle THETA1 between the lowest two energy jets. The results for the quark jet scale SQRT(S(C=QQBAR)) and the gluon jet scales PT(C=LU) and PT(C=LE) are also given.

Measurements of the unbiased gluon multiplicity as a function of the energy scale Q=PT(C=LU). The corresponding bins of THETA1 in 'Y events' are also indicated.

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Measurements of the structure of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C17 (2000) 1-18, 2000.
Inspire Record 467225 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49549
6 data tables

The measured jet broadening distributions (B) in quark and gluon jets seperately.

Measured distributions of -LN(Y2), where Y2 is the differential one-subjet rate, that is the value of the subjet scale parameter where 2 jets appear from the single jet.

The mean subjet multiplicity (-1) for gluon jets and quark jets for different values of the subject resolution parameter Y0.

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Measurement of the fraction of hadronic Z decays into charm quark pairs

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C4 (1998) 557-570, 1998.
Inspire Record 468852 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49530
1 data table

No description provided.


Consistent measurements of alpha(s) from precise oriented event shape distributions

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C14 (2000) 557-584, 2000.
Inspire Record 522656 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13245

An updated analysis using about 1.5 million events recorded at $\sqrt{s} = M_Z$ with the DELPHI detector in 1994 is presented. Eighteen infrared and collinear safe event shape observables are measured as a function of the polar angle of the thrust axis. The data are compared to theoretical calculations in ${\cal O} (\alpha_s^2)$ including the event orientation. A combined fit of $\alpha_s$ and of the renormalization scale $x_{\mu}$ in $\cal O(\alpha_s^2$) yields an excellent description of the high statistics data. The weighted average from 18 observables including quark mass effects and correlations is $\alpha_s(M_Z^2) = 0.1174 \pm 0.0026$. The final result, derived from the jet cone energy fraction, the observable with the smallest theoretical and experimental uncertainty, is $\alpha_s(M_Z^2) = 0.1180 \pm 0.0006 (exp.) \pm 0.0013 (hadr.) \pm 0.0008 (scale) \pm 0.0007 (mass)$. Further studies include an $\alpha_s$ determination using theoretical predictions in the next-to-leading log approximation (NLLA), matched NLLA and $\cal O(\alpha_s^2$) predictions as well as theoretically motivated optimized scale setting methods. The influence of higher order contributions was also investigated by using the method of Pad\'{e} approximants. Average $\alpha_s$ values derived from the different approaches are in good agreement.

33 data tables

The weighted value of ALPHA-S from all the measured observables using experimentally optimized renormalization scale values and corrected for the b-mass toleading order.

The value of ALPHA-S derived from the JCEF and corrected for heavy quark mass effects. The quoted errors are respectively due to experimental error, hadronization, renormalization scale and heavy quark mass correction uncertainties.

Energy Energy Correlation EEC.

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A High precision measurement of the left-right Z boson cross-section asymmetry

The SLD collaboration Abe, Kenji ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 5945-5949, 2000.
Inspire Record 526448 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35323

We present a measurement of the left-right cross-section asymmetry (ALR) for Z boson production by e+e- collisions. The measurement includes the final data taken with the SLD detector at the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) during the period 1996-1998. Using a sample of 383,487 Z decays collected during the 1996-1998 runs we measure the pole-value of the asymmetry, ALR0, to be 0.15056+-0.00239 which is equivalent to an effective weak mixing angle of sin2th(eff) = 0.23107+-0.00030. Our result for the complete 1992-1998 dataset comprising 537 thousand Z decays is sin2th(eff) = 0.23097+-0.00027.

6 data tables

The observed, corrected asymmetry measurement using the 1997-98 data sets.

The observed, corrected asymmetry measurement using the 1996 data sets.

The pole asymmetry for the 1997-98 data sets.

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Inclusive $\sigma^{+}$ and $\sigma^0$ production in hadronic $Z$ decays

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B479 (2000) 79-88, 2000.
Inspire Record 524450 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49982

We report on measurements of the inclusive production rate of Sigma+ and Sigma0 baryons in hadronic Z decays collected with the L3 detector at LEP. The Sigma+ baryons are detected through the decay Sigma+ -> p pi0, while the Sigma0 baryons are detected via the decay mode Sigma0 -> Lambda gamma. The average numbers of Sigma+ and Sigma0 per hadronic Z decay are measured to be: &lt; N_Sigma+ > + &lt; N_Sigma+~ > = 0.114 +/- 0.011 (stat) +/- 0.009 (syst), &lt; N_Sigma0 > + &lt; N_Sigma0~ > = 0.095 +/- 0.015 (stat) +/- 0.013 (syst). These rates are found to be higher than the predictions from Monte Carlo hadronization models and analytical parameterizations of strange baryon production.

1 data table

Inclusive production rates.


Inclusive Sigma- and Lambda(1520) production in hadronic Z decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B475 (2000) 429-447, 2000.
Inspire Record 524694 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49984

Production of Sigma- and Lambda(1520) in hadronic Z decays has been measured using the DELPHI detector at LEP. The Sigma- is directly reconstructed as a charged track in the DELPHI microvertex detector and is identified by its Sigma -> n pi decay leading to a kink between the Sigma- and pi-track. The reconstruction of the Lambda(1520) resonance relies strongly on the particle identification capabilities of the barrel Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector and on the ionisation loss measurement of the TPC. Inclusive production spectra are measured for both particles. The production rates are measured to be <N_{Sigma-}/N_{Z}^{had}> = 0.081 +/- 0.002 +/- 0.010, <N_{Lambda(1520)}/N_{Z}^{had}> = 0.029 +/- 0.005 +/- 0.005. The production rate of the Lambda(1520) suggests that a large fraction of the stable baryons descend from orbitally excited baryonic states. It is shown that the baryon production rates in Z decays follow a universal phenomenological law related to isospin, strangeness and mass of the particles.

4 data tables

The measured differential cross section for SIGMA- production.

The total production rate of SIGMA-. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation to the fullx-range.

The measured differential cross section for LAMBDA(1520) production. The first error is the fit error.

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Inclusive production of pi0, eta, eta-prime (958), K0(S) and lambda in two jet and three jet events from hadronic Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Decamp, D. ; Ghez, Philippe ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C16 (2000) 613, 2000.
Inspire Record 507531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49106
25 data tables

Inclusive cross section for PI0 production in hadronic events.

Inclusive cross section for ETA production in hadronic events.

Inclusive cross section for ETAPRIME production in hadronic events.

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Measurement of the photon structure function F(2)**gamma at low x

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B412 (1997) 225-234, 1997.
Inspire Record 447187 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49560

Deep inelastic electron-photon scattering is studied using e+e- data collected by the OPAL detector at centre-of-mass energies sqrt{s_ee} ~ M_{Z^0}. The photon structure function F_2^gamma(x,Q^2) is explored in a Q^2 range of 1.1 to 6.6 GeV/c^2 at lower x values than ever before. To probe this kinematic region events are selected with a beam electron scattered into one of the OPAL luminosity calorimeters at scattering angles between 27 and 55 mrad. A measurement is presented of the photon structure function F_2^gamma(x,Q^2) at <Q^2> = 1.86 GeV^2 and 3.76 GeV^2 in five logarithmic x bins from 0.0025 to 0.2.

2 data tables

Measurement of the hadron photon structure function. Systematic errors do not contain any effects caused by the four momentum of the quasi-real photon being non zero.

Measurement of the hadron photon structure function. Systematic errors do not contain any effects caused by the four momentum of the quasi-real photon being non zero.


The Scale dependence of the hadron multiplicity in quark and gluon jets and a precise determination of C(A) / C(F)

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B449 (1999) 383-400, 1999.
Inspire Record 495414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49173

Data collected at the Z resonance using the DELPHI detector at LEP are used to determine the charged hadron multiplicity in gluon and quark jets as a function of a transverse momentum-like scale. The colour factor ratio, \cacf, is directly observed in the increase of multiplicities with that scale. The smaller than expected multiplicity ratio in gluon to quark jets is understood by differences in the hadronization of the leading quark or gluon. From the dependence of the charged hadron multiplicity on the opening angle in symmetric three-jet events the colour factor ratio is measured to be: C_A/C_F = 2.246 \pm 0.062 (stat.) \pm 0.080 (syst.) \pm 0.095 (theo.)

3 data tables

Charged multiplicity in events with a hard photon, as a function of the apparent centre-of-mass energy (SQRT(S)) of the hadronic system. The errors shown are statistical only.

Charged multiplicity in symmetric three jet events as function of the opening angle between the low energetic jets, THETA1. Jets are defined from charged and neutral particles using the DURHAM algorithm. The errors shown are statistical only.

Twice the difference of the multiplicity in three jet events and in qqbar events of comparable scale 2(N_3jet-N_qqbar). The three-jet event multiplicity isequal to the data of Fig. 3c), the qqbar-multiplicity is taken from a fit of th e e+e- data corrected for the varying b-quark contribution. This multiplicity can be identified with the multiplicity of a hypothetical gluon-gluon event. Thereis a normalization uncertainty (i.e. a scale independent constant) of the gluon -gluon event multiplicity which should not influence the slope of the gg-multiplicity with scale (see paper). The errors shown are statistical only.


pi+-, K+-, p and anti-p production in Z0 ---> q anti-q, Z0 ---> b anti-b, Z0 ---> u anti-u, d anti-d, s anti-s

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C5 (1998) 585-620, 1998.
Inspire Record 473409 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49385
39 data tables

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->Q-QBAR events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->B-BBAR events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->(U-UBAR,D-DBAR,S-SBAR) events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

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Investigation of the splitting of quark and gluon jets

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C4 (1998) 1-17, 1998.
Inspire Record 467927 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49547
14 data tables

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Quark jets in 'Y'topology 3-JET events.

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Gluon jets in 'Y'topology 3-JET events.

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Quark jets in 'Mercedes' topology 3-JET events.

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The Forward - backward asymmetry for charm quarks at the Z

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B434 (1998) 415-425, 1998.
Inspire Record 472954 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49353

The data set collected with the ALEPH detector from 1991 to 1995 at LEP has been analysed to measure the charm forward-backward asymmetry at the Z. Out of a total of 4.1 million hadronic Z decays, about 36000 high momentum D*+, D+ and D0 decays were reconstructed, of which 80% originate from Z -> ccbar events...

2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


Determination of A-b(FB) using jet charge measurements in Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B426 (1998) 217-230, 1998.
Inspire Record 468671 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49559
3 data tables

Only statistical errors are given for sqrt(s) = 89.43 and 92.97 GeV.

The combination of the data on and off peak of Z-boson.

The combination of the data on and off peak of Z-boson.


Measurement of the multiplicity of gluons splitting to bottom quark pairs in hadronic Z0 decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B405 (1997) 202-214, 1997.
Inspire Record 442880 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47486
1 data table

No description provided.


Measurement of f(c ---> D*+ X), f(b ---> D*+ X) and Gamma (c anti-c) / Gamma (hadronic) using D*+- mesons

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C1 (1998) 439-459, 1998.
Inspire Record 447145 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47409

The production rates of D^*+/- mesons in charm and bottom events at centre-of-mass energies of about 91 GeV and the partial width of primary cc(bar) pairs in hadronic Z^0 decays have been measured at LEP using almost 4.4 million hadronic Z^0 decays collected with the OPAL detector between 1990 and 1995. Using a combination of several charm quark tagging methods based on fully and partially reconstructed D^*+/- mesons, and a bottom tag based on identified muons and electrons, the hadronisation fractions of charm and bottom quarks into D^*+/- mesons have been found to be: f(b -> D^*+ X) = 0.173 +/- 0.016 +/- 0.012 and f(c -> D^*+ X) = 0.222 +/- 0.014 +/- 0.014 The fraction of cc(bar) events in hadronic Z^0 decays, Gamma_cc(bar)/Gamma_had = Gamma(Z^0 -> cc(bar))/Gamma(Z^0 -> hadrons), is determined to be Gamma_cc(bar)/Gamma_had = 0.180 +/- 0.011 +/- 0.012 +/- 0.006 In all cases the first error is statistical, and the second one systematic. The last error quoted for Gamma_cc(bar)/Gamma_had is due to external branching ratios.

3 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

The second syst. errors results due to extranal branching ratios. Charge conjugated states are implied. FD is considered as a quark fragmentation fraction. Sqrt(s(E+ E-)) = 91.2 GeV.


An improved measurement of the left-right $Z^0$ cross-section asymmetry

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Abt, I. ; Akagi, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 2075-2079, 1997.
Inspire Record 426122 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19583

We present a new measurement of the left-right cross section asymmetry (ALR) for Z boson production by e+e- collisions. The measurement was performed at a center-of-mass energy of 91.28 GeV with the SLD detector at the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC). The luminosity-weighted average polarization of the SLC electron beam was (77.23+-0.52)%. Using a sample of 93,644 Z decays, we measure the pole-value of the asymmetry, ALR0, to be 0.1512+-0.0042(stat.)+-0.0011(syst.) which is equivalent to an effective weak mixing angle of sin**2(theta_eff)=0.23100+-0.00054(stat.)+-0.00014(syst.).

2 data tables

No description provided.

The left-right asymmetry and effective weak mixing angle corrected to the pole energy value, taking into account photon exclusive and electroweak interference effects of total-state radiation.


Precise measurement of the left-right cross-section asymmetry in Z boson production by e+ e- collisions

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Abt, I. ; Ash, W.W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 73 (1994) 25-29, 1994.
Inspire Record 373007 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19681

We present a precise measurement of the left-right cross section asymmetry ($A_{LR}$) for $Z$ boson production by $\ee$ collisions. The measurement was performed at a center-of-mass energy of 91.26 GeV with the SLD detector at the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC). The luminosity-weighted average polarization of the SLC electron beam was (63.0$\pm$1.1)%. Using a sample of 49,392 $\z0$ decays, we measure $A_{LR}$ to be 0.1628$\pm$0.0071(stat.)$\pm$0.0028(syst.) which determines the effective weak mixing angle to be $\swein=0.2292\pm0.0009({\rm stat.})\pm0.0004({\rm syst.})$.}

2 data tables

The observed, corrected, asymmetry. L and R refer to the left and right handed beam polarizations.

The left-right asymmetry and effective weak mixing angle corrected to the pole energy value, taking into account photon exchange and electro weak interferences. L and R refer to left and right beam polarizations.


Measurement of inclusive omega and eta-prime production in hadronic Z decays

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B393 (1997) 465-476, 1997.
Inspire Record 427107 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47618
12 data tables

Final production rates per hadronic Z0 decay.

Corrected production rates from the omega --> pi+ pi- p0 decay mode. Extrapolation to full x range.

Corrected production rates from the etaprime --> pi+ pi- eta decay mode. Extrapolation to full x range.

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Inclusive production of neutral pions in hadronic Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C74 (1997) 451-461, 1997.
Inspire Record 427131 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47655
4 data tables

PI0 multiplicity and cross sections for events with two converted photons.

PI0 multiplicity and cross sections for events with only one converted photon. Final data point for full x range uses jetset 7.4 monte carlo extrapolation prediction.

PI0 cross sections as a function of the transverse momentum PTOUT relative to the plane defined by the sphericity tensor.

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Analysis of hadronic final states and the photon structure function F2 (gamma) in deep inelastic electron - photon scattering at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Z.Phys. C74 (1997) 33-48, 1997.
Inspire Record 426209 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47770
5 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Test of QCD analytic predictions for the multiplicity ratio between gluon and quark jets

The OPAL collaboration Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; Altekamp, N. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B388 (1996) 659-672, 1996.
Inspire Record 423486 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47714
2 data tables

Mean charged particle multiplicity in gluon jets.

Mean charged particle multiplicity in single hemisphere light quark jets.


Determination of sin**2 theta(w)(eff) using jet charge measurements in hadronic Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C71 (1996) 357-378, 1996.
Inspire Record 416137 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47832
1 data table

The first sytematic error is due to the experimental uncertainties, whilst the second is due to the uncertainties in the quark charge separations.


Measurement of Lambda(b) polarization in Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; Casper, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B365 (1996) 437-447, 1996.
Inspire Record 402895 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48060
1 data table

No description provided.