Jet properties in PbPb and pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{N}\;\mathrm{N}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1805 (2018) 006, 2018.
Inspire Record 1658057 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83196

Modifications of the properties of jets in PbPb collisions, relative to those in pp collisions, are studied at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{N}\,\mathrm{N}}}=5.02 $ TeV via correlations of charged particles with the jet axis in relative pseudorapidity (Δη), relative azimuth (Δϕ), and relative angular distance from the jet axis $ \varDelta \mathrm{r}=\sqrt{{\left(\varDelta \eta \right)}^2+{\left(\varDelta \phi \right)}^2} $ . This analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 404 μb$^{−1}$ and 27.4 pb$^{−1}$ for PbPb and pp collisions, respectively. Charged particle number densities, jet fragmentation functions, and jet shapes are presented as a function of PbPb collision centrality and charged-particle track transverse momentum, providing a differential description of jet modifications due to interactions with the quark-gluon plasma.

12 data tables

The distribution of jet-correlated charged-particle tracks with $|{\Delta\phi}|<1.0$ as a function of $\Delta\eta$ in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

The difference between the PbPb and pp measurements from Table 1.

The distribution of jet-correlated charged-particle tracks with $|{\Delta\eta}|<1.0$ as a function of $\Delta\phi$ in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

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Observation of correlated azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics in pp and pPb collisions at the LHC

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2017.
Inspire Record 1626103 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79667

The azimuthal anisotropy Fourier coefficients ($v_n$) in 8.16 TeV pPb data are extracted via long-range two-particle correlations as a function of event multiplicity and compared to corresponding results in pp and PbPb collisions. Using a four-particle cumulant technique, $v_n$ correlations are measured for the first time in pp and pPb collisions. The $v_2$ and $v_4$ coefficients are found to be positively correlated in all collision systems. For high multiplicity pPb collisions an anticorrelation of $v_2$ and $v_3$ is observed, with a similar correlation strength as in PbPb data at the same multiplicity. The new correlation results strengthen the case for a common origin of the collectivity seen in pPb and PbPb collisions in the measured multiplicity range.

9 data tables

The $v_{n}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{n}^{sub}$.

The $v_{n}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 8.16 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{n}^{sub}$.

The $v_{4}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13.00 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{4}^{sub}$.

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Evidence for collectivity in pp collisions at the LHC

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B765 (2017) 193-220, 2017.
Inspire Record 1471287 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76506

Measurements of two- and multi-particle angular correlations in pp collisions at s=5,7, and 13TeV are presented as a function of charged-particle multiplicity. The data, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1.0pb−1 (5 TeV), 6.2pb−1 (7 TeV), and 0.7pb−1 (13 TeV), were collected using the CMS detector at the LHC. The second-order ( v2 ) and third-order ( v3 ) azimuthal anisotropy harmonics of unidentified charged particles, as well as v2 of KS0 and Λ/Λ‾ particles, are extracted from long-range two-particle correlations as functions of particle multiplicity and transverse momentum. For high-multiplicity pp events, a mass ordering is observed for the v2 values of charged hadrons (mostly pions), KS0 , and Λ/Λ‾ , with lighter particle species exhibiting a stronger azimuthal anisotropy signal below pT≈2GeV/c . For 13 TeV data, the v2 signals are also extracted from four- and six-particle correlations for the first time in pp collisions, with comparable magnitude to those from two-particle correlations. These observations are similar to those seen in pPb and PbPb collisions, and support the interpretation of a collective origin for the observed long-range correlations in high-multiplicity pp collisions.

34 data tables

The second-order Fourier coefficients, $V_{2\Delta}(2, |\Delta\eta| > 2)$, as a function of $N_{offline}^{trk}$ for charged particles.

The second-order Fourier coefficients, $V_{2\Delta}(2, |\Delta\eta| > 2)$, as a function of $N_{offline}^{trk}$ for charged particles, after correcting for back-to-back jet correlations, estimated from the 10 $\leq$ $N_{offline}^{trk}$ < 20 range.

The second-order Fourier coefficients, $V_{3\Delta}(2, |\Delta\eta| > 2)$, as a function of $N_{offline}^{trk}$ for charged particles.

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Measurement of long-range near-side two-particle angular correlations in pp collisions at $\sqrt s =$13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 172302, 2016.
Inspire Record 1397173 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73192

Results on two-particle angular correlations for charged particles produced in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV are presented. The data were taken with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of about 270  nb-1. The correlations are studied over a broad range of pseudorapidity (|η|<2.4) and over the full azimuth (ϕ) as a function of charged particle multiplicity and transverse momentum (pT). In high-multiplicity events, a long-range (|Δη|>2.0), near-side (Δϕ≈0) structure emerges in the two-particle Δη–Δϕ correlation functions. The magnitude of the correlation exhibits a pronounced maximum in the range 1.0<pT<2.0  GeV/c and an approximately linear increase with the charged particle multiplicity, with an overall correlation strength similar to that found in earlier pp data at s=7  TeV. The present measurement extends the study of near-side long-range correlations up to charged particle multiplicities Nch∼180, a region so far unexplored in pp collisions. The observed long-range correlations are compared to those seen in pp, pPb, and PbPb collisions at lower collision energies.

38 data tables

Correlated yield obtained with the ZYAM procedure as a function of $|\Delta\Phi|$, averaged over 2 $<|\Delta\eta|<$ 4 in for 0.1 $<p_{T}<$ 1.0 $GeV/c$ and $N_{offline}^{trk}<$ 35 bins for pp data at $\sqrt =$ 13 $TeV$. The $p_{T}$ selection applies to both particles in the pair. Only statistical uncertainties are given. The subtracted ZYAM constant is given ($C_{ZYAM}$).

Correlated yield obtained with the ZYAM procedure as a function of $|\Delta\Phi|$, averaged over 2 $<|\Delta\eta|<$ 4 in for 0.1 $<p_{T}<$ 1.0 $GeV/c$ and $N_{offline}^{trk}<$ 35 bins for pp data at $\sqrt =$ 7 $TeV$. The $p_{T}$ selection applies to both particles in the pair. Only statistical uncertainties are given. The subtracted ZYAM constant is given ($C_{ZYAM}$).

Correlated yield obtained with the ZYAM procedure as a function of $|\Delta\Phi|$, averaged over 2 $<|\Delta\eta|<$ 4 in for 1.0 $<p_{T}<$ 2.0 $GeV/c$ and $N_{offline}^{trk}<$ 35 bins for pp data at $\sqrt =$ 13 $TeV$. The $p_{T}$ selection applies to both particles in the pair. Only statistical uncertainties are given. The subtracted ZYAM constant is given ($C_{ZYAM}$).

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Measurement of the underlying event activity using charged-particle jets in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 2.76 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1509 (2015) 137, 2015.
Inspire Record 1385107 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69365

A measurement of the underlying event (UE) activity in proton-proton collisions is performed using events with charged-particle jets produced in the central pseudorapidity region (|η$^{jet}$| < 2) and with transverse momentum 1 ≤ p$_{T}^{jet}$ < 100 GeV. The analysis uses a data sample collected at a centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The UE activity is measured as a function of p$_{T}^{jet}$ in terms of the average multiplicity and scalar sum of transverse momenta (p$_{T}$) of charged particles, with |η| < 2 and p$_{T}$ > 0.5 GeV, in the azimuthal region transverse to the highest p$_{T}$ jet direction. By further dividing the transverse region into two regions of smaller and larger activity, various components of the UE activity are separated. The measurements are compared to previous results at 0.9 and 7 TeV, and to predictions of several Monte Carlo event generators, providing constraints on the modelling of the UE dynamics.

8 data tables

Fully corrected average charged particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV in the Transverse region.

Fully corrected average charged particle scalar Sum(pT) per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV in the Transverse region.

Fully corrected average charged particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV in the TransMAX region.

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Production of leading charged particles and leading charged-particle jets at small transverse momenta in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D92 (2015) 112001, 2015.
Inspire Record 1380605 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70721

The per-event yield of the highest transverse momentum charged particle and charged-particle jet, integrated above a given pTmin threshold starting at pTmin=0.8 and 1 GeV, respectively, is studied in pp collisions at s=8  TeV. The particles and the jets are measured in the pseudorapidity ranges |η|<2.4 and 1.9, respectively. The data are sensitive to the momentum scale at which parton densities saturate in the proton, to multiple partonic interactions, and to other key aspects of the transition between the soft and hard QCD regimes in hadronic collisions.

2 data tables

Charged particles within $|\eta| < 2.4$ with $N_{ch}(p_T>40\;MeV)>0$ in $5.3<|\eta|<6.5$.

Charged particle jets within $|\eta| < 1.9$ with anti-kt (R=0.5) and $N_{ch}(p_T>40\;MeV)>0$ in $5.3<|\eta|<6.5$.


Jet and underlying event properties as a function of charged-particle multiplicity in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C73 (2013) 2674, 2013.
Inspire Record 1261026 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68128

Characteristics of multi-particle production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV are studied as a function of the charged-particle multiplicity, $N_{ch}$. The produced particles are separated into two classes: those belonging to jets and those belonging to the underlying event. Charged particles are measured with pseudorapidity |η|<2.4 and transverse momentum $p_T$ > 0.25 GeV/c. Jets are reconstructed from charged-particles only and required to have $p_T$ > 5 GeV/c. The distributions of jet $p_T$, average $p_T$ of charged particles belonging to the underlying event or to jets, jet rates, and jet shapes are presented as functions of $N_{ch}$ and compared to the predictions of the PYTHIA and HERWIG event generators. Predictions without multi-parton interactions fail completely to describe the $N_{ch}$-dependence observed in the data. For increasing $N_{ch}$, PYTHIA systematically predicts higher jet rates and harder $p_T$ spectra than seen in the data, whereas HERWIG shows the opposite trends. At the highest multiplicity, the data–model agreement is worse for most observables, indicating the need for further tuning and/or new model ingredients.

17 data tables

Mean $p_T$, all charged particles.

Mean $p_T$, UE charged particles.

Mean $p_T$, in-jet charged particles.

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Study of high-pT charged particle suppression in PbPb compared to $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C72 (2012) 1945, 2012.
Inspire Record 1088823 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.58980

The transverse momentum spectra of charged particles have been measured in pp and PbPb collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 2.76 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC. In the transverse momentum range pt = 5-10 GeV/c, the charged particle yield in the most central PbPb collisions is suppressed by up to a factor of 5 compared to the pp yield scaled by the number of incoherent nucleon-nucleon collisions. At higher pt, this suppression is significantly reduced, approaching roughly a factor of 2 for particles with pt in the range pt=40-100 GeV/c.

7 data tables

Invariant charged particle differential yields for |eta|<1.0 for P P collisions.

Inclusive scaled charged particle invariant cross section.

Invariant charged particle differential yield in the centrality regions 0 TO 5%, 5 TO 10% and 10 TO 30%.

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Measurement of the Underlying Event Activity at the LHC with $\sqrt{s}= 7$ TeV and Comparison with $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1109 (2011) 109, 2011.
Inspire Record 916908 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57696

A measurement of the underlying activity in scattering processes with a hard scale in the several GeV region is performed in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 7 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The production of charged particles with pseudorapidity |eta| < 2 and transverse momentum pT > 0.5 GeV/c is studied in the azimuthal region transverse to that of the leading set of charged particles forming a track-jet. A significant growth of the average multiplicity and scalar-pT sum of the particles in the transverse region is observed with increasing pT of the leading track-jet, followed by a much slower rise above a few GeV/c. For track-jet pT larger than a few GeV/c, the activity in the transverse region is approximately doubled with a centre-of-mass energy increase from 0.9 to 7 TeV. Predictions of several QCD-inspired models as implemented in PYTHIA are compared to the data.

15 data tables

Fully corrected average charged particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 0.9 TeV.

Fully corrected average charged particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV.

Ratio of the fully corrected charged particle multiplicity at 7 TeV to that at 0.9 TeV.

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Charged particle transverse momentum spectra in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1108 (2011) 086, 2011.
Inspire Record 896764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57523
5 data tables

The invariant charged particle differential yield at 0.9 TeV for |eta|<2.4.

The invariant charged particle differential yield at 7 TeV for |eta|<2.4.

The inclusive charged particle invariant differential cross section, as a function of XT and scaled by sqrt(s)*4.9, at 0.9 TeV for |eta|<1.

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Charged particle multiplicities in $pp$ interactions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.36, and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1101 (2011) 079, 2011.
Inspire Record 879315 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57909

Measurements of primary charged hadron multiplicity distributions are presented for non-single-diffractive events in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) = 0.9, 2.36, and 7 TeV, in five pseudorapidity ranges from |eta|<0.5 to |eta|<2.4. The data were collected with the minimum-bias trigger of the CMS experiment during the LHC commissioning runs in 2009 and the 7 TeV run in 2010. The multiplicity distribution at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV is in agreement with previous measurements. At higher energies the increase of the mean multiplicity with sqrt(s) is underestimated by most event generators. The average transverse momentum as a function of the multiplicity is also presented. The measurement of higher-order moments of the multiplicity distribution confirms the violation of Koba-Nielsen-Olesen scaling that has been observed at lower energies.

29 data tables

Mean multiplicity for charged hadron production for |pseudorapidity| < 2.4.

Fully corrected charged hadron multiplicity spectrum for |pseudorapidity| < 0.5 at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Fully corrected charged hadron multiplicity spectrum for |pseudorapidity| < 1.0 at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

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Transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 105 (2010) 022002, 2010.
Inspire Record 855299 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56006

Charged-hadron transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV are measured with the inner tracking system of the CMS detector at the LHC. The charged-hadron yield is obtained by counting the number of reconstructed hits, hit-pairs, and fully reconstructed charged-particle tracks. The combination of the three methods gives a charged-particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity, dN(charged)/d(eta), for |eta| < 0.5, of 5.78 +/- 0.01 (stat) +/- 0.23 (syst) for non-single-diffractive events, higher than predicted by commonly used models. The relative increase in charged-particle multiplicity from sqrt(s) = 0.9 to 7 TeV is 66.1% +/- 1.0% (stat) +/- 4.2% (syst). The mean transverse momentum is measured to be 0.545 +/- 0.005 (stat) +/- 0.015 (syst) GeV/c. The results are compared with similar measurements at lower energies.

5 data tables

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function oftransverse momentum for pseudorapidities 0.1, 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7 for centre-of-mass energy 7000 GeV.Errors are statistical and systematic added in quadrature.

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function oftransverse momentum for pseudorapidities 0.9, 1.1, 1.3 and 1.5 for centre-of-mass energy 7000 GeV.Errors are statistical and systematic added in quadrature.

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function oftransverse momentum for pseudorapidities 1.7, 1.9, 2.1 and 2.3 for centre-of-mass energy 7000 GeV.Errors are statistical and systematic added in quadrature.

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Transverse momentum and pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ and 2.36 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1002 (2010) 041, 2010.
Inspire Record 845323 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54829

Measurements of inclusive charged-hadron transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions are presented for proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 2.36 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector during the LHC commissioning in December 2009. For non-single-diffractive interactions, the average charged-hadron transverse momentum is measured to be 0.46 +/- 0.01 (stat.) +/- 0.01 (syst.) GeV/c at 0.9 TeV and 0.50 +/- 0.01 (stat.) +/- 0.01 (syst.) GeV/c at 2.36 TeV, for pseudorapidities between -2.4 and +2.4. At these energies, the measured pseudorapidity densities in the central region, dN(charged)/d(eta) for |eta| < 0.5, are 3.48 +/- 0.02 (stat.) +/- 0.13 (syst.) and 4.47 +/- 0.04 (stat.) +/- 0.16 (syst.), respectively. The results at 0.9 TeV are in agreement with previous measurements and confirm the expectation of near equal hadron production in p-pbar and pp collisions. The results at 2.36 TeV represent the highest-energy measurements at a particle collider to date.

8 data tables

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 0.1, 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 0.9, 1.1, 1.3 and 1.5 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 1.7, 1.9, 2.1 and 2.3 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

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First Measurement of the Underlying Event Activity at the LHC with $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C70 (2010) 555-572, 2010.
Inspire Record 857644 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55126

A measurement of the underlying activity in scattering processes with transverse momentum scale in the GeV region is performed in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Charged hadron production is studied with reference to the direction of a leading object, either a charged particle or a set of charged particles forming a jet. Predictions of several QCD-inspired models as implemented in PYTHIA are compared, after full detector simulation, to the data. The models generally predict too little production of charged hadrons with pseudorapidity eta < 2, p_T > 0.5 GeV/c, and azimuthal direction transverse to that of the leading object.

7 data tables

Average multiplicity of charged particles per unit of pseudorapidity as a function of pseudorapidity for events with leading track-jet transverse momenta > 1 and > 3 GeV. Statistical errors only.

Average scalar sum of the transverse momenta of charged particles per unit of pseusdorapidity and per radian as a function of DELTA(PHI) for events with leading track-jet transverse momenta > 1 and > 2 GeV. Statistical errors only. Typical systematic error of 1.8 PCT at a leading track-jet PT of 3.5 GeV.

The average multiplicity and average scalar sum of transverse momenta of charge particles per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track transverse momenta. Statistical errors only. Typical systematic error of 1.8 PCT at a leading track-jet PT of 3.5 GeV.

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