Jet-associated deuteron production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
CERN-EP-2020-210, 2020.
Inspire Record 1829410 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105975

Deuteron production in high-energy collisions is sensitive to the space-time evolution of the collision system, and is typically described by a coalescence mechanism. For the first time, we present results on jet-associated deuteron production in \pp\ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV, providing an opportunity to test the established picture for deuteron production in events with a hard scattering. Using a trigger particle with high transverse-momentum ($p_{\rm T}>5$ GeV/$c$) as a proxy for the presence of a jet at midrapidity, we observe a measurable population of deuterons being produced around the jet proxy. The associated deuteron yield measured in a narrow angular range around the trigger particle differs by 2.4-4.8 standard deviations from the uncorrelated background. The data are described by PYTHIA model calculations featuring baryon coalescence.

6 data tables

The per-trigger associated yield versus $\Delta\varphi$ for charged particles with $p_{\rm T}>5.0$ GeV/$c$ and associate deuterons and anti-deuterons for 1.0-1.35 GeV/$c$.

The per-trigger associated yield versus $\Delta\varphi$ for charged particles with $p_{\rm T}>5.0$ GeV/$c$ and associate deuterons and anti-deuterons for 1.35-1.8 GeV/$c$.

The per-trigger associated yield versus $\Delta\varphi$ for charged particles with $p_{\rm T}>5.0$ GeV/$c$ and associate deuterons and anti-deuterons for 1.8-2.4 GeV/$c$.

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Search for lepton-flavor-violation in $Z$-boson decays with $\tau$-leptons with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Dale Charles ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-067, 2021.
Inspire Record 1865746 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105516

A search for lepton-flavor-violating $Z\to e\tau$ and $Z\to\mu\tau$ decays with $pp$ collision data recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. This analysis uses 139 fb$^{-1}$ of Run 2 $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV and is combined with the results of a similar ATLAS search in the final state in which the $\tau$-lepton decays hadronically, using the same data set as well as Run 1 data. The addition of leptonically decaying $\tau$-leptons significantly improves the sensitivity reach for $Z\to\ell\tau$ decays. The $Z\to\ell\tau$ branching fractions are constrained in this analysis to $\mathcal{B}(Z\to e\tau)<7.0\times10^{-6}$ and $\mathcal{B}(Z\to \mu\tau)<7.2\times10^{-6}$ at 95% confidence level. The combination with the previously published analyses sets the strongest constraints to date: $\mathcal{B}(Z\to e\tau)<5.0\times10^{-6}$ and $\mathcal{B}(Z\to \mu\tau)<6.5\times10^{-6}$ at 95% confidence level.

16 data tables

The best-fit predicted and observed distributions of the combined NN output in the low-$p_\text{T}$-SR for the $e\tau_\mu$ channel. The first and last bin include underflow and overflow events, respectively.

The best-fit predicted and observed distributions of the combined NN output in the low-$p_\text{T}$-SR for the $\mu\tau_e$ channel. The first and last bin include underflow and overflow events, respectively.

The best-fit predicted and observed distributions of the combined NN output in the high-$p_\text{T}$-SR for the $e\tau_\mu$ channel. The first and last bin include underflow and overflow events, respectively.

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Inclusive heavy-flavour production at central and forward rapidity in Xe-Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.44$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
CERN-EP-2020-208, 2020.
Inspire Record 1830186 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105962

The first measurements of the production of muons and electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays in Xe-Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.44 TeV, using the ALICE detector at the LHC, are reported. The measurement of the nuclear modification factor $R_{\rm AA}$ is performed as a function of transverse momentum $p_{\rm T}$ in several centrality classes at forward rapidity ($2.5 < y <4$) and midrapidity ($\vert y \vert < 0.8$) for muons and electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays, respectively. A suppression by a factor up to about 2.5 compared to the binary-scaled pp reference is observed in central collisions at both central and forward rapidities. The $R_{\rm AA}$ of muons from heavy-flavour hadron decays is compared to previous measurements in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV. A similar suppression, with $R_{\rm AA} \sim 0.4$ in the $p_{\rm T}$ interval $4 < p_{\rm T} < 8$ GeV/$c$, is observed in Pb-Pb and Xe-Xe collisions when the nuclear modification factors are compared in event classes with similar charged-particle multiplicity density. The comparison of the measured $R_{\rm AA}$ values in the two collision systems brings new insights on the properties of the quark-gluon plasma by investigating the system-size and path-length dependence of medium-induced parton energy loss. The results of muons and electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays provide new constraints to model calculations.

12 data tables

Transverse momentum differential production of muons from heavy-flavour hadron decays at forward rapidity in Xe-Xe collisions at 5.44 TeV.

Transverse momentum differential production of muons from heavy-flavour hadron decays at forward rapidity in Xe-Xe collisions at 5.44 TeV.

Transverse momentum differential production of muons from heavy-flavour hadron decays at forward rapidity in Xe-Xe collisions at 5.44 TeV.

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Measurement of the $^3_{\Lambda}$H lifetime in Au+Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adams, Joseph ; Adkins, Kevin ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 97 (2018) 054909, 2018.
Inspire Record 1628155 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102407

A precise measurement of the hypertriton lifetime is presented. In this letter, the mesonic decay modes $\mathrm{{^3_\Lambda}H \rightarrow ^3He + \pi^-}$ and $\mathrm{{^3_\Lambda}H \rightarrow d + p + \pi^-}$ are used to reconstruct the hypertriton from Au+Au collision data collected by the STAR collaboration at RHIC. A minimum $\chi^2$ estimation is used to determine the lifetime of $\tau = 142^{+24}_{-21}\,{\rm (stat.)} {\pm} 31\,{\rm (syst.)}$ ps. This lifetime is about 50\% shorter than the lifetime $\tau = 263\pm2$ ps of a free $\Lambda$, indicating strong hyperon-nucleon interaction in the hypernucleus system. The branching ratios of the mesonic decay channels are also determined to satisfy B.R.$_{(^3{\rm He}+\pi^-)}/$(B.R.$_{(^3{\rm He}+\pi^-)}+$B.R.$_{(d+p+\pi^-)})$ = $0.32\rm{\pm}0.05\,{\rm (stat.)}\pm 0.08\,{\rm (syst.)}$. Our ratio result favors the assignment $J(\mathrm{^{3}_{\Lambda}H})$ = $\frac{1}{2}$ over $J(\mathrm{^{3}_{\Lambda}H})$ = $\frac{3}{2}$. These measurements will help to constrain models of hyperon-baryon interactions.

4 data tables

The hypertriton yield as a function of ~l/βγ for each of the two analyzed decay channels. The redpoints are for 2-body decays in four bins of ~l/βγ. The yields indicate the number of $^3_{\Lambda}$H per million events for each channel, and are already divided by the theoretical branching ratio 24.89% for the 2-body channel. The data points are fitted with the usual radioactive decay function. Using a minimum chisquare estimation.

The hypertriton yield as a function of l/βγ for each of the two analyzed decay channels. The bluesquares are for 3-body decays in four bins of l/βγ. The yield of hypertriton per million events in 3-body correct for theoretical branching ratio 40.06% 3-body channel. The data points are fitted with the usual radioactive decay function. Using a minimum chisquare estimation.

A summary of worldwide $^3_{\Lambda}$H lifetime experimental measurements and theoretical calculations. The two star markers are the STAR collaboration’s measurement published in 2010 and the present analysis. This measurement was based on the 3-body decay channel $^3_{\Lambda}$H→p+d+π−in a nuclear emulsion experiment. The shorter lifetime was attributed to the dissociation of the lightly-bound Λ and deuteron when traveling in a dense medium.

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Measurement of the mass difference and the binding energy of the hypertriton and antihypertriton

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Nature Phys. 16 (2020) 409-412, 2020.
Inspire Record 1731117 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105279

Using the STAR (Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC) detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), we have measured the $\Lambda$ hyperon binding energy $B_\Lambda$ for the hypertriton, which is the lightest hypernucleus yet discovered and consists of a proton, a neutron, and a $\Lambda$ hyperon. The measured $B_\Lambda$ differs from the widely used value and from predictions in which the hypertriton is modeled as a $\Lambda$ weakly bound to a deuterium nucleus. Our results place stringent constraints on the hyperon-nucleon interaction, and provide critical inputs for studying neutron star interiors, where strange matter may be present. The same data also permit more precise comparison between the masses of the hypertriton and the antihypertriton. Matter-antimatter symmetry pertaining to the binding of strange and antistrange quarks in a nucleus is thus tested quantitatively for the first time. No deviation from the expected exact symmetry is observed.

7 data tables

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (d and antid)

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (He and antiHe)

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (hypertriton and antihypertriton)

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Long- and short-range correlations and their event-scale dependence in high-multiplicity pp collisions at $\boldsymbol{\sqrt{{\textit s}}}=13$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 290, 2021.
Inspire Record 1840098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105588

Two-particle angular correlations are measured in high-multiplicity proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =13$ TeV by the ALICE Collaboration. The yields of particle pairs at short-($\Delta\eta$ $\sim$ 0) and long-range ($1.6 < |\Delta\eta| < 1.8$) in pseudorapidity are extracted on the near-side ($\Delta\varphi$ $\sim$ 0). They are reported as a function of transverse momentum ($p_{\mathrm T}$) in the range $1 <p_{\mathrm T}< 4$ GeV/$c$. Furthermore, the event-scale dependence is studied for the first time by requiring the presence of high-$p_{\rm T}$ leading particles and jets for varying $p_{\rm T}$ thresholds. The results demonstrate that the long-range "ridge" yield, possibly related to the collective behavior of the system, is present in events with high-$p_{\mathrm T}$ processes. The magnitudes of the short- and long-range yields are found to grow with the event scale. The results are compared to EPOS LHC and PYTHIA 8 calculations, with and without string-shoving interactions. It is found that while both models describe the qualitative trends in the data, calculations from EPOS LHC show a better quantitative agreement, in particular for the $p_{\rm T}$ and event-scale dependencies.

8 data tables

Long-range $\Delta\varphi$ projections in minimum bias and high-multiplicity events for various $p_\mathrm{T,trig(assoc)}$ ranges.

Ridge yield as a function of $p_\mathrm{T,trig(assoc)}$ in high-multiplicity events.

Long-range $\Delta\varphi$ projections in high-multiplicity events with event-scale selections, requiring minimum $p_\mathrm{T,jet}$

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Azimuthal anisotropy measurements of strange and multi-strange hadrons in U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 193$ GeV at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; et al.
2021.
Inspire Record 1852040 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102643

We present systematic measurements of azimuthal anisotropy for strange and multi-strange hadrons ($K^{0}_{s}$, $\Lambda$, $\Xi$, and $\Omega$) and $\phi$-mesons at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1.0) in collisions of U+U nuclei at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 193$ GeV, recorded by the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Transverse momentum ($p_{\text{T}}$) dependence of flow coefficients ($v_{2}$, $v_{3}$, and $v_{4}$) is presented for minimum bias collisions and three different centrality intervals. The results are obtained using the $\eta$ sub-event plane method. These measurements are compared with the published results from Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV. Number of Constituent Quark (NCQ) scaling of the measured flow coefficients in U+U collisions is discussed. We also present the ratio of $v_{n}$ scaled by the participant eccentricity ($\varepsilon_{n}\left\lbrace 2 \right\rbrace$) to explore system size dependence and collectivity in U+U collisions. The magnitude of $v_{2}/\varepsilon_{2}$ is found to be smaller in U+U collisions than that in central Au+Au collisions contradicting naive eccentricity scaling. Furthermore, the ratios between various flow harmonics ($v_{3}/v_{2}^{3/2}$, $v_{4}/v_{2}^{4/2}$) are studied as they are sensitive to the properties of the medium and mechanism of hadronization. The measured flow coefficients and the ratios between different flow harmonics are compared with hydrodynamic and transport model calculations.

137 data tables

Event plane resolution as a function of centrality for $\psi_{2}$, $\psi_{3}$, and $\psi_{4}$ in U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The statistical uncertainties are smaller than the markers.

The $p_{\text{T}}$ dependence of $v_{n}$ coefficients at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1) in minimum bias U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The error bars represent statistical uncertainties. The bands represent point-by-point systematic uncertainties.

The $p_{\text{T}}$ dependence of $v_{n}$ coefficients at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1) in minimum bias U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The error bars represent statistical uncertainties. The bands represent point-by-point systematic uncertainties.

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Version 2
Comprehensive measurements of $t$-channel single top-quark production cross sections at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 90 (2014) 112006, 2014.
Inspire Record 1303905 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64385

This article presents measurements of the $t$-channel single top-quark ($t$) and top-antiquark ($\bar{t}$) total production cross sections $\sigma(tq)$ and $\sigma(\bar{t}q)$, their ratio $R_{t}=\sigma(tq)/\sigma(\bar{t}q)$, and a measurement of the inclusive production cross section $\sigma(tq + \bar{t}q)$ in proton--proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV at the LHC. Differential cross sections for the $tq$ and $\bar{t}q$ processes are measured as a function of the transverse momentum and the absolute value of the rapidity of $t$ and $\bar{t}$, respectively. The analyzed data set was recorded with the ATLAS detector and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.59 fb$^{-1}$. Selected events contain one charged lepton, large missing transverse momentum, and two or three jets. The cross sections are measured by performing a binned maximum-likelihood fit to the output distributions of neural networks. The resulting measurements are $\sigma(tq)= 46\pm 6\; \mathrm{pb}$, $\sigma(\bar{t}q)= 23 \pm 4\; \mathrm{pb}$, $R_{t}=2.04\pm 0.18$, and $\sigma(tq + \bar{t}q)= 68 \pm 8\; \mathrm{pb}$, consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The uncertainty on the measured cross sections is dominated by systematic uncertainties, while the uncertainty on $R_{t}$ is mainly statistical. Using the ratio of $\sigma(tq + \bar{t}q)$ to its theoretical prediction, and assuming that the top-quark-related CKM matrix elements obey the relation $|V_{tb}|\gg |V_{ts}|, |V_{td}|$, we determine $|V_{tb}|=1.02 \pm 0.07$.

35 data tables

Differential t-channel top-quark production cross sections and normalized differential t-channel top-quark production cross sections as functions of PT(TOP).

Differential t-channel top-quark production cross sections and normalized differential t-channel top-quark production cross sections as functions of PT(TOPBAR).

Differential t-channel top-quark production cross sections and normalized differential t-channel top-quark production cross sections as functions of ABS(YRAP(T)).

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Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry for inclusive jet and dijet production in polarized proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 103 (2021) L091103, 2021.
Inspire Record 1850855 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104836

We report high-precision measurements of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry, $A_{LL}$, for midrapidity inclusive jet and dijet production in polarized $pp$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=200\,\mathrm{GeV}$. The new inclusive jet data are sensitive to the gluon helicity distribution, $\Delta g(x,Q^2)$, for gluon momentum fractions in the range from $x \simeq 0.05$ to $x \simeq 0.5$, while the new dijet data provide further constraints on the $x$ dependence of $\Delta g(x,Q^2)$. The results are in good agreement with previous measurements at $\sqrt{s}=200\,\mathrm{GeV}$ and with recent theoretical evaluations of prior world data. Our new results have better precision and thus strengthen the evidence that $\Delta g(x,Q^2)$ is positive for $x > 0.05$.

21 data tables

Jet yield versus jet transverse momentum $p_{T}$ at the detector level and at the parton level. Table includes data for the JP2 trigger conditions and the corresponding simulations.

Jet yield versus jet transverse momentum $p_{T}$ at the detector level and at the parton level. Table includes data for the JP1 trigger conditions and the corresponding simulations.

Dijet yield versus the dijet $M_{inv}$ at the detector level and at the parton level. Table includes data for the JP1 and JP2 trigger conditions and the corresponding simulations.

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Angular Analysis of the $B^{+}\rightarrow K^{\ast+}\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ Decay

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Ackernley, Thomas ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 126 (2021) 161802, 2021.
Inspire Record 1838196 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105273

We present an angular analysis of the $B^{+}\rightarrow K^{\ast+}(\rightarrow K_{S}^{0}\pi^{+})\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ decay using 9$\,\mbox{fb}^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data collected with the LHCb experiment. For the first time, the full set of CP-averaged angular observables is measured in intervals of the dimuon invariant mass squared. Local deviations from Standard Model predictions are observed, similar to those in previous LHCb analyses of the isospin-partner $B^{0}\rightarrow K^{\ast0}\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ decay. The global tension is dependent on which effective couplings are considered and on the choice of theory nuisance parameters.

38 data tables

Results for the CP-averaged observables Fl, Afb and S3–S9. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

Results for the optimised observables FL and P1–P'8. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

The CP-averaged observable Fl versus q2. The first (second) error bars represent the statistical (total) uncertainties.

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$\Lambda\rm{K}$ femtoscopy in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 103 (2021) 055201, 2021.
Inspire Record 1797451 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104979

The first measurements of the scattering parameters of $\Lambda$K pairs in all three charge combinations ($\Lambda$K$^{+}$, $\Lambda$K$^{-}$, and $\Lambda\mathrm{K^{0}_{S}}$) are presented. The results are achieved through a femtoscopic analysis of $\Lambda$K correlations in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}$ = 2.76 TeV recorded by ALICE at the LHC. The femtoscopic correlations result from strong final-state interactions, and are fit with a parametrization allowing for both the characterization of the pair emission source and the measurement of the scattering parameters for the particle pairs. Extensive studies with the THERMINATOR 2 event generator provide a good description of the non-femtoscopic background, which results mainly from collective effects, with unprecedented precision. Furthermore, together with HIJING simulations, this model is used to account for contributions from residual correlations induced by feed-down from particle decays. The extracted scattering parameters indicate that the strong force is repulsive in the $\Lambda\rm{K}^{+}$ interaction and attractive in the $\Lambda\rm{K}^{-}$ and $\Lambda\rm{K}^{0}_{S}$ interactions. The results suggest an effect arising either from different quark-antiquark interactions between the pairs ($\rm s\overline{s}$ in $\Lambda$K$^{+}$ and $\rm u\overline{u}$ in $\Lambda$K$^{-}$) or from different net strangeness for each system (S = 0 for $\Lambda$K$^{+}$, and S = $-2$ for $\Lambda$K$^{-}$). Finally, the $\Lambda$K systems exhibit source radii larger than expected from extrapolation from identical particle femtoscopic studies. This effect is interpreted as resulting from the separation in space-time of the single-particle $\Lambda$ and K source distributions.

71 data tables

Invariant mass distributions in the 0--10\% centrality interval of (a) p$\uppi^{-}$ pairs showing the $\Lambda$ peak for V$^{0}$ candidates.

Invariant mass distributions in the 0--10\% centrality interval of $\uppi^{+}\uppi^{-}$ pairs showing the $\mathrm{K^{0}_{S}}$ peak for V$^{0}$ candidates.

Measured correlation function for the $\Lambda\mathrm{K^{+}}\oplus\overline{\Lambda}\mathrm{K^{-}}$ system in the 0--10\% centrality interval.

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Search for strongly interacting massive particles generating trackless jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-EXO-17-010, 2021.
Inspire Record 1864485 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101628

A search for dark matter in the form of strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) using the CMS detector at the LHC is presented. The SIMPs would be produced in pairs that manifest themselves as pairs of jets without tracks. The energy fraction of jets carried by charged particles is used as a key discriminator to suppress efficiently the large multijet background, and the remaining background is estimated directly from data. The search is performed using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected background. For the simplified dark matter model under consideration, SIMPs with masses up to 100 GeV are excluded and further sensitivity is explored towards higher masses. These are the first results from a search for the production of strongly interacting dark matter candidates at a collider.

5 data tables

Distribution of the number of jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied, except the events with three or more jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5 are included.

Distribution of the value of ChF of the two leading jets. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied.

The number of background events obtained from the 1- and 2-leg predictions using reconstructed objects in simulation, compared to the direct prediction from MC simulation, shown for various upper ChF thresholds. The bottom panel shows the ratios of the MC prediction to the 1-leg and the 2-leg background predictions.

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Search for singly and pair-produced leptoquarks coupling to third-generation fermions in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-EXO-19-015, 2020.
Inspire Record 1835316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104980

A search for leptoquarks produced singly and in pairs in proton-proton collisions is presented. The leptoquark (LQ) may be a scalar particle of charge -1/3$e$ coupling to a top quark plus a tau lepton ($\mathrm{t}\tau$) or a bottom quark plus a neutrino ($\mathrm{b}\nu$), or a vector particle of charge +2/3$e$, coupling to $\mathrm{t}\nu$ or $\mathrm{b}\tau$. In this analysis the signatures $\mathrm{t}\tau\nu\mathrm{b}$ and $\mathrm{t}\tau\nu$ are probed, using data recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and that correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. These signatures have not been previously explored in a dedicated search. The data are found to be in agreement with the standard model prediction. Lower limits at 95% confidence level are set on the LQ mass in the range 0.98-1.73 TeV, depending on the LQ spin and its coupling $\lambda$ to a lepton and a quark, and assuming equal branching fractions for the two LQ decay modes considered. These are the most stringent constraints to date on the existence of leptoquarks in this scenario.

4 data tables

Pair leptoquark (LQ) total selection efficiency, accounting for both the decay branching fraction and the event selection, for events that pass the signal region requirements and any of the top quark or b jet categories defined in the search.

Single scalar leptoquark (LQs) total selection efficiency, accounting for both the decay branching fraction and the event selection, for events that pass the signal region requirements and any of the top quark or b jet categories defined in the search.

Single vector leptoquark (LQv) k = 0 total selection efficiency, accounting for both the decay branching fraction and the event selection, for events that pass the signal region requirements and any of the top quark or b jet categories defined in the search.

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Transverse-momentum and event-shape dependence of D-meson flow harmonics in Pb–Pb collisions at $\sqrt {s_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 813 (2021) 136054, 2021.
Inspire Record 1797463 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105256

The elliptic and triangular flow coefficients $v_2$ and $v_3$ of prompt D$^{0}$, D$^{+}$, and D$^{*+}$ mesons were measured at midrapidity ($|y|<0.8$) in Pb-Pb collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The D mesons were reconstructed via their hadronic decays in the transverse momentum interval $1< p_{\rm T}<36$ GeV/$c$ in central (0-10%) and semi-central (30-50%) collisions. Compared to pions, protons, and J/$\psi$ mesons, the average D-meson $v_{n}$ harmonics are compatible within uncertainties with a mass hierarchy for $p_{\rm T} \lesssim 3$ GeV/$c$, and are similar to those of charged pions for higher $p_{\rm T}$. The coupling of the charm quark to the light quarks in the underlying medium is further investigated with the application of the event-shape engineering (ESE) technique to the D-meson $v_2$ and $p_{\rm T}$-differential yields. The D-meson $v_2$ is correlated with average bulk elliptic flow in both central and semi-central collisions. Within the current precision, the ratios of per-event D-meson yields in the ESE-selected and unbiased samples are found to be compatible with unity. All the measurements are found to be reasonably well described by theoretical calculations including the effects of charm-quark transport and the recombination of charm quarks with light quarks in a hydrodynamically expanding medium.

16 data tables

Average $v_2${SP} vs. $p_\mathrm{T}$ of prompt D$^0$, D$^+$, and D$^{*+}$ mesons in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV in the centrality class 0-10% in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.8$. The first (sys,data) error is the systematic uncertainty from all the other sources except for the B feed-down. The second (sys,FD) error is the systematic uncertainty from the B feed-down contribution.

Average $v_2${SP} vs. $p_\mathrm{T}$ of prompt D$^0$, D$^+$, and D$^{*+}$ mesons in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV in the centrality class 30-50% in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.8$. The first (sys,data) error is the systematic uncertainty from all the other sources except for the B feed-down. The second (sys,FD) error is the systematic uncertainty from the B feed-down contribution.

Average $v_3${SP} vs. $p_\mathrm{T}$ of prompt D$^0$, D$^+$, and D$^{*+}$ mesons in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV in the centrality class 0-10% in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.8$. The first (sys,data) error is the systematic uncertainty from all the other sources except for the B feed-down. The second (sys,FD) error is the systematic uncertainty from the B feed-down contribution.

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Measurement of beauty and charm production in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s} $ = 5.02 TeV via non-prompt and prompt D mesons

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 220, 2021.
Inspire Record 1848990 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105047

The $p_\mathrm{T}$-differential production cross sections of prompt and non-prompt (produced in beauty-hadron decays) D mesons were measured by the ALICE experiment at midrapidity ($|y|<0.5$) in proton--proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=5.02~\mathrm{TeV}$. The data sample used in the analysis corresponds to an integrated luminosity of $(19.3\pm0.4)~\mathrm{nb^{-1}}$. D mesons were reconstructed from their decays $\mathrm{D^0 \to K^-\pi^+}$, $\mathrm{D^+\to K^-\pi^+\pi^+}$, and $\mathrm{D_s^+\to \phi\pi^+\to K^-K^+\pi^+}$ and their charge conjugates. Compared to previous measurements in the same rapidity region, the cross sections of prompt $\mathrm{D^+}$ and $\mathrm{D_s^+}$ mesons have an extended $p_\mathrm{T}$ coverage and total uncertainties reduced by a factor ranging from 1.05 to 1.6, depending on $p_\mathrm{T}$, allowing for a more precise determination of their $p_\mathrm{T}$-integrated cross sections. The results are well described by perturbative QCD calculations. The fragmentation fraction of heavy quarks to strange mesons divided by the one to non-strange mesons, $f_\mathrm{s}/(f_\mathrm{u}+f_\mathrm{d})$, is compatible for charm and beauty quarks and with previous measurements at different centre-of-mass energies and collision systems. The $\mathrm{b\overline{b}}$ production cross section per rapidity unit at midrapidity, estimated from non-prompt D-meson measurements, is $\mathrm{d}\sigma_\mathrm{b\overline{b}}/\mathrm{d} y|_\mathrm{|y|<0.5} = 34.5 \pm 2.4 (\mathrm{stat.}) ^{+4.7}_{-2.9} (\mathrm{tot. syst.})~\mu\mathrm{b}$. It is compatible with previous measurements at the same centre-of-mass energy and with the cross section predicted by perturbative QCD calculations.

17 data tables

$p_\mathrm{T}$-differential production cross section of non-prompt $\mathrm{D^0}$ mesons in pp collision at $\sqrt{s}=5.02~\mathrm{TeV}$ in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.5$. Branching ratio of $\mathrm{D^0 \to K^-\pi^+}$: 0.0395

$p_\mathrm{T}$-differential production cross section of non-prompt $\mathrm{D^+}$ mesons in pp collision at $\sqrt{s}=5.02~\mathrm{TeV}$ in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.5$. Branching ratio of $\mathrm{D^+\to K^-\pi^+\pi^+}$: 0.0938

$p_\mathrm{T}$-differential production cross section of non-prompt $\mathrm{D_{s}^{+}}$ mesons in pp collision at $\sqrt{s}=5.02~\mathrm{TeV}$ in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.5$. Branching ratio of $\mathrm{D_s^+\to \phi\pi^+\to K^-K^+\pi^+}$: 0.0224

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Measurements of mixed harmonic cumulants in Pb–Pb collisions at $\sqrt {s_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 818 (2021) 136354, 2021.
Inspire Record 1848215 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105046

Correlations between moments of different flow coefficients are measured in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV recorded with the ALICE detector. These new measurements are based on multiparticle mixed harmonic cumulants calculated using charged particles in the pseudorapidity region $|\eta|<0.8$ with the transverse momentum range $0.2 < p_{\rm T} < 5.0$ GeV/$c$. The centrality dependence of correlations between two flow coefficients as well as the correlations between three flow coefficients, both in terms of their second moments, are shown. In addition, a collection of mixed harmonic cumulants involving higher moments of $v_2$ and $v_3$ is measured for the first time, where the characteristic signature of negative, positive and negative signs of four-, six- and eight-particle cumulants are observed, respectively. The measurements are compared to the hydrodynamic calculations using iEBE-VISHNU with AMPT and TRENTo initial conditions. It is shown that the measurements carried out using the LHC Run 2 data in 2015 have the precision to explore the details of initial-state fluctuations and probe the nonlinear hydrodynamic response of $v_2$ and $v_3$ to their corresponding initial anisotropy coefficients $\varepsilon_2$ and $\varepsilon_3$. These new studies on correlations between three flow coefficients as well as correlations between higher moments of two different flow coefficients will pave the way to tighten constraints on initial-state models and help to extract precise information on the dynamic evolution of the hot and dense matter created in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC.

9 data tables

Centrality dependence of $nMHC(v_2^2,v_3^2)$ in Pb-Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV.

Centrality dependence of $nMHC(v_2^2,v_4^2)$ in Pb-Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV.

Centrality dependence of $nMHC(v_3^2,v_4^2)$ in Pb-Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV.

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In-medium modification of dijets in PbPb collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} $ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 116, 2021.
Inspire Record 1840683 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93884

Modifications to the distribution of charged particles with respect to high transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) jets passing through a quark-gluon plasma are explored using the CMS detector. Back-to-back dijets are analyzed in lead-lead and proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV via correlations of charged particles in bins of relative pseudorapidity and angular distance from the leading and subleading jet axes. In comparing the lead-lead and proton-proton collision results, modifications to the charged-particle relative distance distribution and to the momentum distributions around the jet axis are found to depend on the dijet momentum balance $x_j$, which is the ratio between the subleading and leading jet $p_\mathrm{T}$. For events with $x_j$$\approx$ 1, these modifications are observed for both the leading and subleading jets. However, while subleading jets show significant modifications for events with a larger dijet momentum imbalance, much smaller modifications are found for the leading jets in these events.

182 data tables

The distribution of charged particle yields within $|\Delta\varphi| < 1.0$ correlated with the leading jets as a function of $\Delta\eta$ in the 0-10 % centrality bin in PbPb collisions. The results are shown in different dijet momentum balance bins.

The distribution of charged particle yields within $|\Delta\varphi| < 1.0$ correlated with the leading jets as a function of $\Delta\eta$ in the 10-30 % centrality bin in PbPb collisions. The results are shown in different dijet momentum balance bins.

The distribution of charged particle yields within $|\Delta\varphi| < 1.0$ correlated with the leading jets as a function of $\Delta\eta$ in the 30-50 % centrality bin in PbPb collisions. The results are shown in different dijet momentum balance bins.