Creation of quark–gluon plasma droplets with three distinct geometries

The PHENIX collaboration Aidala, C. ; Akiba, Y. ; Alfred, M. ; et al.
Nature Phys. 15 (2019) 214-220, 2019.
Inspire Record 1672133 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99787

The experimental study of the collisions of heavy nuclei at relativistic energies has established the properties of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of hot, dense nuclear matter in which quarks and gluons are not bound into hadrons. In this state, matter behaves as a nearly inviscid fluid that efficiently translates initial spatial anisotropies into correlated momentum anisotropies among the produced particles, producing a common velocity field pattern known as collective flow. In recent years, comparable momentum anisotropies have been measured in small-system proton-proton ($p$$+$$p$) and proton-nucleus ($p$$+$$A$) collisions, despite expectations that the volume and lifetime of the medium produced would be too small to form a QGP. Here, we report on the observation of elliptic and triangular flow patterns of charged particles produced in proton-gold ($p$$+$Au), deuteron-gold ($d$$+$Au), and helium-gold ($^3$He$+$Au) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$~=~200 GeV. The unique combination of three distinct initial geometries and two flow patterns provides unprecedented model discrimination. Hydrodynamical models, which include the formation of a short-lived QGP droplet, provide a simultaneous description of these measurements.

16 data tables

$v_2$for 0-5% central p+Au collisions

$v_2$for 0-5% central d+Au collisions

$v_2$for 0-5% central $^3$He+Au collisions

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Single electron yields from semileptonic charm and bottom hadron decays in Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 93 (2016) 034904, 2016.
Inspire Record 1393529 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99752

The PHENIX Collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured open heavy-flavor production in minimum bias Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV via the yields of electrons from semileptonic decays of charm and bottom hadrons. Previous heavy-flavor electron measurements indicated substantial modification in the momentum distribution of the parent heavy quarks due to the quark-gluon plasma created in these collisions. For the first time, using the PHENIX silicon vertex detector to measure precision displaced tracking, the relative contributions from charm and bottom hadrons to these electrons as a function of transverse momentum are measured in Au$+$Au collisions. We compare the fraction of electrons from bottom hadrons to previously published results extracted from electron-hadron correlations in $p$$+$$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV and find the fractions to be similar within the large uncertainties on both measurements for $p_T>4$ GeV/$c$. We use the bottom electron fractions in Au$+$Au and $p$$+$$p$ along with the previously measured heavy flavor electron $R_{AA}$ to calculate the $R_{AA}$ for electrons from charm and bottom hadron decays separately. We find that electrons from bottom hadron decays are less suppressed than those from charm for the region $3<p_T<4$ GeV/$c$.

4 data tables

Bottom and charm hadron invariant yields as a function of $p_{T}$.

Bottom hadron election fraction with respect to heavy flavor electron as a function of $p_{T}$.

Bottom and charm hadron $R_{AA}$ as a function of $p_{T}$.

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Azimuthally-differential pion femtoscopy relative to the third harmonic event plane in Pb-Pb collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{\textit{s}_{_{\rm NN}}}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, S. ; Torales - Acosta, Fernando ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 785 (2018) 320-331, 2018.
Inspire Record 1664538 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91129

Azimuthally-differential femtoscopic measurements, being sensitive to spatio-temporal characteristics of the source as well as to the collective velocity fields at freeze out, provide very important information on the nature and dynamics of the system evolution. While the HBT radii oscillations relative to the second harmonic event plane measured recently reflect mostly the spatial geometry of the source, model studies have shown that the HBT radii oscillations relative to the third harmonic event plane are predominantly defined by the velocity fields. In this Letter, we present the first results on azimuthally-differential pion femtoscopy relative to the third harmonic event plane as a function of the pion pair transverse momentum $k_{\rm T}$ for different collision centralities in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=2.76$ TeV. We find that the $R_{\rm side}$ and $R_{\rm out}$ radii, which characterize the pion source size in the directions perpendicular and parallel to the pion transverse momentum, oscillate in phase relative to the third harmonic event plane, similar to the results from 3+1D hydrodynamical calculations. The observed radii oscillations unambiguously signal a collective expansion and anisotropy in the velocity fields. A comparison of the measured radii oscillations with the Blast-Wave model calculations indicate that the initial state triangularity is washed-out at freeze out.

48 data tables

The azimuthal dependence $R_{out}^2$ as function of $\Phi_{pair} - \Psi_{\mathrm{EP,3}}$ for the centrality 20-30% and different kT.

The azimuthal dependence $R_{out}^2$ as function of $\Phi_{pair} - \Psi_{\mathrm{EP,3}}$ for the centrality 20-30% and different kT.

The azimuthal dependence $R_{out}^2$ as function of $\Phi_{pair} - \Psi_{\mathrm{EP,3}}$ for the centrality 20-30% and different kT.

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Measurements of Higher-Order Flow Harmonics in Au+Au Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Afanasiev, S. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 107 (2011) 252301, 2011.
Inspire Record 900703 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99679

Flow coefficients v_n for n = 2, 3, 4, characterizing the anisotropic collective flow in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV, are measured relative to event planes \Psi_n determined at large rapidity. We report v_n as a function of transverse momentum and collision centrality, and study the correlations among the event planes of different order n. The v_n are well described by hydrodynamic models which employ a Glauber Monte Carlo initial state geometry with fluctuations, providing additional constraining power on the interplay between initial conditions and the effects of viscosity as the system evolves. This new constraint improves precision of the extracted viscosity to entropy density ratio eta/s.

10 data tables

Charged hadron azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$, $v_3$, and $v_4$ vs $p_T$ in 0-10% central Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The mean $<p_T>$ in each $p_T$ bins used for the $v_n$ measurement is shown in Fig.2.6.

Charged hadron azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$, $v_3$, and $v_4$ vs $p_T$ in 10-20% central Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The mean $<p_T>$ in each $p_T$ bins used for the $v_n$ measurement is shown in Fig.2.6.

Charged hadron azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$, $v_3$, and $v_4$ vs $p_T$ in 20-30% central Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The mean $<p_T>$ in each $p_T$ bins used for the $v_n$ measurement is shown in Fig.2.6.

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Midrapidity anti-proton to proton ratio from Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 4778, 2001.
Inspire Record 555818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98921

We report results on the ratio of mid-rapidity anti-proton to proton yields in Au+Au collisions at $\rts = 130$ GeV per nucleon pair as measured by the STAR experiment at RHIC. Within the rapidity and transverse momentum range of $|y|<0.5$ and 0.4 $<p_t<$ 1.0 GeV/$c$, the ratio is essentially independent of either transverse momentum or rapidity, with an average of $0.65\pm 0.01_{\rm (stat.)} \pm 0.07_{\rm (syst.)}$ for minimum bias collisions. Within errors, no strong centrality dependence is observed. The results indicate that at this RHIC energy, although the $p$-$\pb$ pair production becomes important at mid-rapidity, a significant excess of baryons over anti-baryons is still present.

4 data tables

pbar over p ratio vs. pt

pbar over p ratio vs. rapidity (y)

pbar over p ratio vs. centrality $(n_{ch}/n_{max})$

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Kaon production and kaon to pion ratio in Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**1/2 = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 595 (2004) 143-150, 2004.
Inspire Record 588342 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98923

Mid-rapidity transverse mass spectra and multiplicity densities of charged and neutral kaons are reported for Au+Au collisions at $\snn$=130 GeV at RHIC. The spectra are exponential in transverse mass, with an inverse slope of about 280 MeV in central collisions. The multiplicity densities for these particles scale with the negative hadron pseudo-rapidity density. The charged kaon to pion ratios are $K^+/\pi^- = 0.161 \pm 0.002 {\rm (stat)} \pm 0.024 {\rm (syst)}$ and $K^-/\pi^- = 0.146 \pm 0.002 {\rm (stat)} \pm 0.022 {\rm (syst)}$ for the most central collisions. The $K^+/\pi^-$ ratio is lower than the same ratio observed at the SPS while the $K^-/\pi^-$ is higher than the SPS result. Both ratios are enhanced by about 50% relative to p+p and $\bar{\rm p}$+p collision data at similar energies.

6 data tables

Transverse mass distributions for different centralities: dE/dx identified charged kaons. K+

Transverse mass distributions for different centralities: dE/dx identified charged kaons. K-

Transverse mass distributions for different centralities: Neutral Kaons.

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Strange anti-particle to particle ratios at mid-rapidity in s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV Au+Au collisions

The STAR collaboration Adams, John ; Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 567 (2003) 167-174, 2003.
Inspire Record 602867 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98924

Values of the ratios in the mid-rapidity yields of anti-Lambda/Lambda = 0.71 +/- 0.01(stat.) +/- 0.04(sys.), anti-Xi+/Xi- = 0.83 +/- 0.04(stat.) +/- 0.05 (sys.), anti-Omega+/Omega- = 0.95 +/- 0.15(stat) +/- 0.05(sys.) and K+/K- 1.092 +/- 0.023(combined) were obtained in central sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV Au+Au collisions using the STAR detector. The ratios indicate that a fraction of the net-baryon number from the initial system is present in the excess of hyperons over anti-hyperons at mid-rapidity. The trend in the progression of the baryon ratios, with increasing strange quark content, is similar to that observed in heavy-ion collisions at lower energies. The value of these ratios may be related to the charged kaon ratio in the framework of simple quark-counting and thermal models.

5 data tables

Invariant mass distributions for $\Lambda$ and Anti-$\Lambda$

Invariant mass distributions for $\Xi$ and Anti-$\Xi$

Invariant mass distributions for $\Omega$ and Anti-$\Omega$

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Photon and neutral pion production in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 70 (2004) 044902, 2004.
Inspire Record 642374 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98925

We report the first inclusive photon measurements about mid-rapidity (|y|<0.5) from Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_{NN}) = 130 GeV at RHIC. Photon pair conversions were reconstructed from electron and positron tracks measured with the Time Projection Chamber (TPC) of the STAR experiment. With this method, an energy resolution of Delta(E)/E = 2% at 0.5 GeV has been achieved. Reconstructed photons have also been used to measure the transverse momentum (pt) spectra of pi0 mesons about mid-rapidity (|y|<1) via the pi0 -> photon photon decay channel. The fractional contribution of the pi0 -> photon photon decay to the inclusive photon spectrum decreases by 20% +/- 5% between pt = 1.65 GeV/c and pt = 2.4 GeV/c in the most central events, indicating that relative to pi0 -> photon photon decay the contribution of other photon sources is substantially increasing.

9 data tables

Data for the electron-positron invariant mass plots

dE/dx deviant distributions of positive daughters

Data for the number of reconstructed photon conversions as a function of conversion location plots

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Pion femtoscopy in $p^+ p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Alakhverdyants, A.V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 83 (2011) 064905, 2011.
Inspire Record 850950 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97125

The STAR Collaboration at RHIC has measured two-pion correlation functions from p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV. Spatial scales are extracted via a femtoscopic analysis of the correlations, though this analysis is complicated by the presence of strong non-femtoscopic effects. Our results are put into the context of the world dataset of femtoscopy in hadron-hadron collisions. We present the first direct comparison of femtoscopy in p+p and heavy ion collisions, under identical analysis and detector conditions.

9 data tables

Fit results from a fit to data using Eq. 11 to parameterize the femtoscopic correlations (standard fit from Figure 6 in the paper).

Fit results from a fit to data using Eq. 11 to parameterize the femtoscopic correlations and Eq. 13 for non-femtoscopic ones (delta - q fit from Figure 6 in the paper)

Fit results from a fit to data using Eq. 11 to parameterize the femtoscopic correlations and Eq. 14 for non-femtoscopic ones (zeta - beta fit from Figure 6 in the paper)

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J/$\psi$ elliptic and triangular flow in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2020) 141, 2020.
Inspire Record 1798507 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99234

The inclusive J/$\psi$ elliptic ($v_2$) and triangular ($v_3$) flow coefficients measured at forward rapidity (2.5 $<y<$ 4) and the $v_2$ measured at midrapidity ($|y|<$ 0.9) in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV using the ALICE detector at the LHC are reported. The entire Pb-Pb data sample collected during Run 2 is employed, amounting to an integrated luminosity of 750 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ at forward rapidity and 93 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ at midrapidity. The results are obtained using the scalar product method and are reported as a function of transverse momentum $p_{\rm T}$ and collision centrality. At midrapidity, the J/$\psi$ $v_2$ is in agreement with the forward rapidity measurement. The centrality averaged results indicate a positive J/$\psi$ $v_3$ with a significance of more than 5$\sigma$ at forward rapidity in the $p_{\rm T}$ range $2<p_{\rm T}<5$ GeV/$c$. The forward rapidity $v_2$, $v_3$, and $v_3$/$v_2$ results at low and intermediate $p_{\rm T}$ ($p_{\rm T} \lesssim 8$ GeV/$c$) exhibit a mass hierarchy when compared to pions and D mesons, while converging into a species-independent curve at higher $p_{\rm T}$. At low and intermediate $p_{\rm T}$, the results could be interpreted in terms of a later thermalization of charm quarks compared to light quarks, while at high $p_{\rm T}$, path-length dependent effects seem to dominate. The J/$\psi$ $v_2$ measurements are further compared to a microscopic transport model calculation. Using a simplified extension of the quark scaling approach involving both light and charm quark flow components, it is shown that the D-meson $v_{\rm n}$ measurements can be described based on those for charged pions and J/$\psi$ flow.

19 data tables

Inclusive J/$\psi$ $v_2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality interval 0$-$10.0 %

Inclusive J/$\psi$ $v_2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality interval 10$-$30 %

Inclusive J/$\psi$ $v_2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality interval 30$-$50 %

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The Proton-$\Omega$ correlation function in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 790 (2019) 490-497, 2019.
Inspire Record 1685527 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98861

We present the first measurement of the proton-$\Omega$ correlation function in heavy-ion collisions for central (0-40$\%$) and peripheral (40-80$\%$) Au+Au collisions at \sqrtsNN\,\,=200 GeV by the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). Predictions for the ratio of peripheral collisions to central collisions for the proton-$\Omega$ correlation function are sensitive to the presence of a nucleon-$\Omega$ bound state. These predictions are based on the proton-$\Omega$ interaction extracted from (2+1)-flavor lattice QCD calculations at the physical point. The measured ratio of proton-$\Omega$ correlation function from peripheral (small system) to central (large system) collisions is less than unity for relative momentum smaller than 40 MeV/c. Comparison of our measured correlation ratio with the theoretical calculation slightly favors a proton-$\Omega$ bound system with a binding energy of $\sim$ 27~MeV.

2 data tables

Measured correlation function (C($k^{*}$)) for proton-$\Omega$ and antiproton-$\bar{\Omega}$ (P$\Omega$ + $\bar{P}$$\bar{\Omega}$) for (0-40)$\%$ and (40-80$\%$) Au+Au collisons at $\sqrt{s}_{NN}$ = 200 GeV. The errors are statistical and systematic.

Ratio of small system (40-80$\%$) to large system (0-40$\%$) for proton-$\Omega$ and antiproton-$\bar{\Omega}$ (P$\Omega$ + $\bar{P}$$\Omega$). The errors are statistical and symmetric.


Identified baryon and meson distributions at large transverse momenta from Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 97 (2006) 152301, 2006.
Inspire Record 718231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98860

Transverse momentum spectra of $\pi^{\pm}$, $p$ and $\bar{p}$ up to 12 GeV/c at mid-rapidity in centrality selected Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 200$ GeV are presented. In central Au+Au collisions, both $\pi^{\pm}$ and $p(\bar{p})$ show significant suppression with respect to binary scaling at $p_T > $ 4 GeV/c. Protons and anti-protons are less suppressed than $\pi^{\pm}$, in the range 1.5 $< p_{T} <$6 GeV/c. The $\pi^-/\pi^+$ and $\bar{p}/p$ ratios show at most a weak $p_T$ dependence and no significant centrality dependence. The $p/\pi$ ratios in central Au+Au collisions approach the values in p+p and d+Au collisions at $p_T >$ 5 GeV/c. The results at high $p_T$ indicate that the partonic sources of $\pi^{\pm}$, $p$ and $\bar{p}$ have similar energy loss when traversing the nuclear medium.

8 data tables

Centrality dependence of mid-rapidity ($|y|$ $<$ 0.5) $\pi^{\pm}$, p and $\bar{p}$ in invariant yields versus $p_{T}$ from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions.

Centrality dependence of mid-rapidity ($|y|$ $<$ 0.5) $\pi^{\pm}$, p and $\bar{p}$ in invariant yields versus $p_{T}$ from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions.

Centrality dependence of mid-rapidity ($|y|$ $<$ 0.5) $\pi^{\pm}$, p and $\bar{p}$ in invariant yields versus $p_{T}$ from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions.

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Pion, kaon, proton and anti-proton transverse momentum distributions from $p + p$ and $d +$ Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, John ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 616 (2005) 8-16, 2005.
Inspire Record 628232 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98859

Identified mid-rapidity particle spectra of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, and $p(\bar{p})$ from 200 GeV p+p and d+Au collisions are reported. A time-of-flight detector based on multi-gap resistive plate chamber technology is used for particle identification. The particle-species dependence of the Cronin effect is observed to be significantly smaller than that at lower energies. The ratio of the nuclear modification factor ($R_{dAu}$) between protons $(p+\bar{p})$ and charged hadrons ($h$) in the transverse momentum range $1.2<{p_{T}}<3.0$ GeV/c is measured to be $1.19\pm0.05$(stat)$\pm0.03$(syst) in minimum-bias collisions and shows little centrality dependence. The yield ratio of $(p+\bar{p})/h$ in minimum-bias d+Au collisions is found to be a factor of 2 lower than that in Au+Au collisions, indicating that the Cronin effect alone is not enough to account for the relative baryon enhancement observed in heavy ion collisions at RHIC.

5 data tables

The invariant yields of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, p and their anti-particles as a function of $p_{T}$ from d+Au and NSD p+p events at 200 GeV. The rapidity range was -0.5 $<$ y $<$ 0.0 with the direction of the outgoing Au ions as negative rapidity. Errors are statistical.

The invariant yields of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, p and their anti-particles as a function of $p_{T}$ from d+Au and NSD p+p events at 200 GeV. The rapidity range was -0.5 $<$ y $<$ 0.0 with the direction of the outgoing Au ions as negative rapidity. Errors are statistical.

The invariant yields of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, p and their anti-particles as a function of $p_{T}$ from d+Au and NSD p+p events at 200 GeV. The rapidity range was -0.5 $<$ y $<$ 0.0 with the direction of the outgoing Au ions as negative rapidity. Errors are statistical.

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Centrality and pseudorapidity dependence of charged hadron production at intermediate $p_{T}$ in Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 70 (2004) 044901, 2004.
Inspire Record 648464 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98858

We present STAR measurements of charged hadron production as a function of centrality in Au + Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV. The measurements cover a phase space region of 0.2 < p_T < 6.0 GeV/c in transverse momentum and -1 < eta < 1 in pseudorapidity. Inclusive transverse momentum distributions of charged hadrons in the pseudorapidity region 0.5 < |eta| < 1 are reported and compared to our previously published results for |eta| < 0.5. No significant difference is seen for inclusive p_T distributions of charged hadrons in these two pseudorapidity bins. We measured dN/deta distributions and truncated mean p_T in a region of p_T > p_T^cut, and studied the results in the framework of participant and binary scaling. No clear evidence is observed for participant scaling of charged hadron yield in the measured p_T region. The relative importance of hard scattering process is investigated through binary scaling fraction of particle production.

9 data tables

Ratio of the number of participants Npart or the number of binary collisions Nbin determined from different models to that from Monte Carlo Glauber calculation.

Ratio of the number of participants Npart or the number of binary collisions Nbin determined from different models to that from Monte Carlo Glauber calculation.

Inclusive $p_{T}$ distributions of ($h^{+}$ + $h^{-}$)/2 within 0.5 $<|\eta|< 1$. The combined statistical and systematic errors are shown.

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Event-plane-dependent dihadron correlations with harmonic $v_n$ subtraction in Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Agakishiev, H. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 89 (2014) 041901, 2014.
Inspire Record 1288534 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97120

STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations ($\Delta\phi$) are reported in mid-central (20-60\%) Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}}=200$ GeV as a function of the trigger particle's azimuthal angle relative to the event plane, $\phi_{s}=|\phi_{t}-\psi_{\rm EP}|$. The elliptic ($v_2$), triangular ($v_3$), and quadratic ($v_4$) flow harmonic backgrounds are subtracted using the Zero Yield At Minimum (ZYAM) method. The results are compared to minimum-bias d+Au collisions. It is found that a finite near-side ($|\Delta\phi|<\pi/2$) long-range pseudorapidity correlation (ridge) is present in the in-plane direction ($\phi_{s}\sim 0$). The away-side ($|\Delta\phi|>\pi/2$) correlation shows a modification from d+Au data, varying with $\phi_{s}$. The modification may be a consequence of pathlength-dependent jet-quenching and may lead to a better understanding of high-density QCD.

58 data tables

raw correlation, Au+Au 200 GeV, 20-60%, 3<p_{T}^{(t)}<4 GeV/c, 1<p_{T}^{(a)}<2 GeV/c, |#eta|<1, slice 0.

raw correlation, Au+Au 200 GeV, 20-60%, 3<p_{T}^{(t)}<4 GeV/c, 1<p_{T}^{(a)}<2 GeV/c, |#eta|<1, slice 1.

raw correlation, Au+Au 200 GeV, 20-60%, 3<p_{T}^{(t)}<4 GeV/c, 1<p_{T}^{(a)}<2 GeV/c, |#eta|<1, slice 2.

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Freeze-out dynamics via charged kaon femtoscopy in $\sqrt{{s}_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV central Au + Au collisions

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 88 (2013) 034906, 2013.
Inspire Record 1219133 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97126

We present measurements of three-dimensional correlation functions of like-sign low transverse momentum kaon pairs from sqrt(sNN)=200 GeV Au+Au collisions. A Cartesian surface-spherical harmonic decomposition technique was used to extract the kaon source function. The latter was found to have a three-dimensional Gaussian shape and can be adequately reproduced by Therminator event generator simulations with resonance contributions taken into account. Compared to the pion one, the kaon source function is generally narrower and does not have the long tail along the pair transverse momentum direction. The kaon Gaussian radii display a monotonic decrease with increasing transverse mass m_T over the interval of 0.55<=m_T<=1.15 GeV/c^2. While the kaon radii are adequately described by the m_T-scaling in the outward and sideward directions, in the longitudinal direction the lowest m_T value exceeds the expectations from a pure hydrodynamical model prediction.

4 data tables

Independent correlation moments Rl(q) for orders l = 0,2,4 for midrapidity, low transverse momentum kaon pairs from the 20% most central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN)=200 GeV

Kaon correlation function profiles for midrapidity, low transverse momentum kaon pairs from the 20% most central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN)=200 GeV

Kaon source function profiles extracted from the data

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Pion Interferometry in Au+Au and Cu+Cu Collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 80 (2009) 024905, 2009.
Inspire Record 814937 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97124

We present a systematic analysis of two-pion interferometry in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 62.4 GeV and Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 62.4 and 200 GeV using the STAR detector at RHIC. The multiplicity and transverse momentum dependences of the extracted femtoscopic radii are studied. The scaling of the apparent freeze-out volume with charged particle multiplicity is studied for the RHIC energy domain. The multiplicity scaling of the measured radii is found to be independent of colliding system and collision energy.

12 data tables

HBT parameters for all centralities of 62.4 GeV Au+Au

HBT parameters for 200 and 62.4 GeV Au+Au, 0-5%

Energy dependence of the pi- HBT parameters for central Au+Au, Pb+Pb, and Pb+Au collisions (AGS,SPS and RHIC) at midrapidity and k_T ~ 0.2-0.3 GeV/c.

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Search for a common baryon source in high-multiplicity pp collisions at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 811 (2020) 135849, 2020.
Inspire Record 1791631 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98857

We report on the measurement of the size of the particle-emitting source from two-baryon correlations with ALICE in high-multiplicity pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV. The source radius is studied with low relative momentum p-p, $\bar{\rm{p}}$-$\bar{\rm{p}}$, p-$\Lambda$ and $\bar{\rm{p}}$-$\bar{\Lambda}$ pairs as a function of the pair transverse mass $m_{\rm{T}}$ considering for the first time in a quantitative way the effect of strong resonance decays. After correcting for this effect, the radii extracted for pairs of different particle species agree. This indicates that protons, antiprotons, $\Lambda$, and $\bar{\Lambda}$ originate from the same source. Within the measured $m_{\rm{T}}$ range (1.1-2.2) GeV/$c^{2}$ the invariant radius of this common source varies between 0.85 and 1.3 fm. These results provide a precise reference for studies of the strong hadron-hadron interactions and for the investigation of collective properties in small colliding systems.

4 data tables

Source radius $r_{0}$ as a function of〈$m_{T}$〉for the assumption of a purely Gaussian source. The blue crosses result from fitting the p–p correlation function with the strong Argonne v18 potential. The green squared crosses (red triangular crosses) result from fitting the p–Λ correlation functions with the strong χEFT LO (NLO) potential. Statistical (lines) and systematic (boxes) uncertainties are shown separately.

Source radius $r_{0}$ as a function of〈$m_{T}$〉for the assumption of a purely Gaussian source. The blue crosses result from fitting the p–p correlation function with the strong Argonne v18 potential. The green squared crosses (red triangular crosses) result from fitting the p–Λ correlation functions with the strong χEFT LO (NLO) potential. Statistical (lines) and systematic (boxes) uncertainties are shown separately.

Source radius $r_{core}$ as a function of〈$m_{T}$〉for the assumption of a Gaussian source with added resonances. The blue crosses result from fitting the p–p correlation function with the strong Argonnev18 potential. The green squared crosses (red triangular crosses) result from fitting the p–Λ correlation functions withthe strong χEFT LO (NLO) potential. Statistical (lines) and systematic (boxes) uncertainties are shown separately.

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Production of $\omega$ mesons in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
CERN-EP-2020-122, 2020.
Inspire Record 1805263 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99031

The invariant differential cross section of inclusive $\omega(782)$ meson production at midrapidity ($|y|<0.5$) in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV was measured with the ALICE detector at the LHC over a transverse momentum range of 2 < $p_{\rm{T}}$ < 17 GeV/$c$. The $\omega$ meson was reconstructed via its $\omega\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ decay channel. The measured $\omega$ production cross section is compared to various calculations: PYTHIA 8.2 Monash 2013 describes the data, while PYTHIA 8.2 Tune 4C overestimates the data by about 50%. A recent NLO calculation, which includes a model describing the fragmentation of the whole vector-meson nonet, describes the data within uncertainties below 6 GeV/$c$, while it overestimates the data by up to 50% for higher $p_{\rm{T}}$. The $\omega/\pi^0$ ratio is in agreement with previous measurements at lower collision energies and the PYTHIA calculations. In addition, the measurement is compatible with transverse mass scaling within the measured $p_{\rm{T}}$ range and the ratio is constant with $C^{\omega/\pi^{0}}$ = 0.67 $\pm$ 0.03 (stat) $\pm$ 0.04 (sys) above a transverse momentum of 2.5 GeV/$c$.

2 data tables

Invariant differential cross section of OMEGA mesons produced in inelastic pp collisions at center-of-mass energy 7 TeV, the uncertainty of sigma_{MB} of 3.5% is not included in the systematic error.

The measured ratio of cross sections for inclusive OMEGA to PI0 production at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV.


Beam-energy dependence of the directed flow of deuterons in Au+Au collisions

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 044906, 2020.
Inspire Record 1806121 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95544

We present a measurement of the first-order azimuthal anisotropy, $v_1(y)$, of deuterons from Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV recorded with the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The energy dependence of the $v_1(y)$ slope, $dv_{1}/dy|_{y=0}$, for deuterons, where $y$ is the rapidity, is extracted for semi-central collisions (10-40\% centrality) and compared to that of protons. While the $v_1(y)$ slopes of protons are generally negative for $\sqrt{s_{NN}} >$ 10 GeV, those for deuterons are consistent with zero, a strong enhancement of the $v_1(y)$ slope of deuterons is seen at the lowest collision energy (the largest baryon density) at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 7.7 GeV. In addition, we report the transverse momentum dependence of $v_1$ for protons and deuterons. The experimental results are compared with transport and coalescence models.

6 data tables

The 1st-order event plane ($\Psi_{1}$) resolution as a function of centrality of Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV. The $\Psi_{1}$ is reconstructed with the BBC detectors and its resolution is estimated by the correlation of sub-$\Psi_{1}$ from east BBC and west BBC. Data presented later (10-40\% centrality) is indicated by the dashed-line box.

Rapidity dependene of $v_1$ for protons(open squares) in 10-40 \%Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV. The lines, dashed-dot line for proton and dashed line for deuteron, at the midrapidity ($|y| < 0.6$) are the fit with linear functions to extract the slopes. The plotted uncertainties are the statistical only

Rapidity dependene of $v_1$ for deuterons(solid circles) in 10-40 \%Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV. The lines, dashed-dot line for proton and dashed line for deuteron, at the midrapidity ($|y| < 0.6$) are the fit with linear functions to extract the slopes. The plotted uncertainties are the statistical only

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$\Upsilon$ cross section in $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt(s) = 200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 82 (2010) 012004, 2010.
Inspire Record 842959 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97119

We report on a measurement of the Upsilon(1S+2S+3S) -> e+e- cross section at midrapidity in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV. We find the cross section to be 114 +/- 38 (stat.) +23,-24 (syst.) pb. Perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading order in the Color Evaporation Model are in agreement with our measurement, while calculations in the Color Singlet Model underestimate it by 2 sigma. Our result is consistent with the trend seen in world data as a function of the center-of-mass energy of the collision and extends the availability of Upsilon data to RHIC energies. The dielectron continuum in the invariant mass range near the Upsilon is also studied to obtain a combined cross section of Drell-Yan plus (b b-bar) -> e+e-.

7 data tables

Unlike-sign pair invariant mass distribution with |y_ee| < 0.5.

Like-sign pair invariant mass distribution with |y_ee| < 0.5.

Background subtracted unlike-sign invariant mass distribution.

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Collision Energy Dependence of Moments of Net-Kaon Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adams, J.R. ; Adkins, J.K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 785 (2018) 551-560, 2018.
Inspire Record 1621460 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98573

Fluctuations of conserved quantities such as baryon number, charge, and strangeness are sensitive to the correlation length of the hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions and can be used to search for the QCD critical point. We report the first measurements of the moments of net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4, and 200 GeV. The collision centrality and energy dependence of the mean ($M$), variance ($\sigma^2$), skewness ($S$), and kurtosis ($\kappa$) for net-kaon multiplicity distributions as well as the ratio $\sigma^2/M$ and the products $S\sigma$ and $\kappa\sigma^2$ are presented. Comparisons are made with Poisson and negative binomial baseline calculations as well as with UrQMD, a transport model (UrQMD) that does not include effects from the QCD critical point. Within current uncertainties, the net-kaon cumulant ratios appear to be monotonic as a function of collision energy.

43 data tables

Raw $\Delta N_k$ distributions in Au+Au collisions at 7.7 GeV for 0–5%, 30–40%, and 70–80% collision centralities at midrapidity. The distributions are not corrected for the finite centrality bin width effect nor the reconstruction efficiency.

Raw $\Delta N_k$ distributions in Au+Au collisions at 11.5 GeV for 0–5%, 30–40%, and 70–80% collision centralities at midrapidity. The distributions are not corrected for the finite centrality bin width effect nor the reconstruction efficiency.

Raw $\Delta N_k$ distributions in Au+Au collisions at 14.5 GeV for 0–5%, 30–40%, and 70–80% collision centralities at midrapidity. The distributions are not corrected for the finite centrality bin width effect nor the reconstruction efficiency.

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$J/\psi$ production cross section and its dependence on charged-particle multiplicity in $p + p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 786 (2018) 87-93, 2018.
Inspire Record 1672453 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85057

We present a measurement of inclusive $J/\psi$ production at mid-rapidity ($|y|<1$) in $p+p$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV with the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The differential production cross section for $J/\psi$ as a function of transverse momentum ($p_T$) for $0

3 data tables

Top$:$ J/$\psi$ cross section times branching ratio as a function of pT in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV. Solid circles are from this analysis for |y| < 1; open circles and blue squares are the published results for |y| < 1 from STAR; triangles are the published results for |y| < 0.35 from PHENIX. Bars and boxes are statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively. The curves are CEM (green), NLO NRQCD A (orange) [4], CGC + NRQCD (blue) , and NLO NRQCD B (magenta) theoretical calculations, respectively. Bottom$:$ ratios of these results with respect to the central value from this analysis.

The corrected $n_{ch}$ distributions at mid-rapidity (|$\eta$| < 1) for MB events (open circles) and J/$\psi$ events with J/$\psi$ $p_{T}$ greater than 0 (purple circles), 1.5 (blue squares), and 4 GeV/c (red triangles) in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV. The fit function is a negative binomial function. Bars and boxes are statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively.

The multiplicity dependence of J/$\psi$ production in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV. Purple circles, blue squares, and red triangles represent the results for J/$\psi$ with $p_{T}$ greater than 0, 1.5, and 4 GeV/c, respectively. Bars and open boxes are statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively. The ALICE result is shown in the left panel. The purple, blue and red bands in the middle panel are generated from PYTHIA8 for J/$\psi$ with $p_{T}$ greater than 0, 1.5, and 4 GeV/c, respectively. The blue and red bands in the right panel are from EPOS3 model calculations for D$^{0}$ with 2 < $p_{T}$ < 4 and 4 < $p_{T}$ < 8 GeV/c, respectively, while the green curve is from the Percolation model for J/$\psi$ with $p_{T}$ > 0 GeV/c.


Azimuthal Charged-Particle Correlations and Possible Local Strong Parity Violation

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 103 (2009) 251601, 2009.
Inspire Record 830686 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98578

Parity-odd domains, corresponding to non-trivial topological solutions of the QCD vacuum, might be created during relativistic heavy ion collisions. These domains are predicted to lead to charge separation of quarks along the system's orbital momentum axis. We investigate a three particle azimuthal correlator which is a \P even observable, but directly sensitive to the charge separation effect. We report measurements of charged hadrons near center-of-mass rapidity with this observable in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV using the STAR detector. A signal consistent with several expectations from the theory is detected. We discuss possible contributions from other effects that are not related to parity violation.

3 data tables

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\Psi_{RP})\rangle$ in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV calculated using Eq. 2. The thick solid (Au+Au) and dashed (Cu+Cu) lines represent HIJING calculations of the contributions from 3-particle correlations. Shaded bands represent uncertainty from the measurement of $v_{2}$. Collision centrality increases from left to right.

Dependence of $\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\Psi_{RP})\rangle$ on $\frac{1}{2}(p_{t,\alpha}+p_{t,\beta})$ calculated using no upper cut on particles’ $p_{t}$. Shaded bands represent $v_{2}$ uncertainty.

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha} + \phi_{\beta} − 2\Psi_{RP})\rangle$ results from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions are compared to calculations with event generators HIJING (with and without an “elliptic flow afterburner”),UrQMD (connected by dashed lines), and MEVSIM. Thick lines represent HIJING reaction-plane-independent background.


Observation of charge-dependent azimuthal correlations and possible local strong parity violation in heavy ion collisions

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 81 (2010) 054908, 2010.
Inspire Record 830676 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98577

Parity-odd domains, corresponding to non-trivial topological solutions of the QCD vacuum, might be created during relativistic heavy-ion collisions. These domains are predicted to lead to charge separation of quarks along the orbital momentum of the system created in non-central collisions. To study this effect, we investigate a three particle mixed harmonics azimuthal correlator which is a \P-even observable, but directly sensitive to the charge separation effect. We report measurements of this observable using the STAR detector in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 and 62~GeV. The results are presented as a function of collision centrality, particle separation in rapidity, and particle transverse momentum. A signal consistent with several of the theoretical expectations is detected in all four data sets. We compare our results to the predictions of existing event generators, and discuss in detail possible contributions from other effects that are not related to parity violation.

19 data tables

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\phi_{c})\rangle$ as a function of reference multiplicity for different charge combinations, before corrections for acceptance effects. In the legend the signs indicate the charge of particles $\alpha$, $\beta$, and c. The results shown are for Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV obtained in the Reversed Full Field.

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\phi_{c})\rangle$ as a function of reference multiplicity for different charge combinations, before corrections for acceptance effects. In the legend the signs indicate the charge of particles $\alpha$, $\beta$, and c. The results shown are for Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV obtained in the Full Field.

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\phi_{c})\rangle$ as a function of reference multiplicity for different charge combinations, after corrections for acceptance effects. In the legend the signs indicate the charge of particles $\alpha$, $\beta$, and c. The results shown are for Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV obtained in the Reversed Full Field.

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