Evidence for Higgs boson decay to a pair of muons

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-HIG-19-006, 2020.
Inspire Record 1815813 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97042

Evidence for Higgs boson decay to a pair of muons is presented. This result combines searches in four exclusive categories targeting the production of the Higgs boson via gluon fusion, via vector boson fusion, in association with a vector boson, and in association with a top quark-antiquark pair. The analysis is performed using proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$, recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. An excess of events over the background expectation is observed in data with a significance of 3.0 standard deviations, where the expectation for the standard model (SM) Higgs boson with mass of 125.38 GeV is 2.5. The combination of this result with that from data recorded at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 5.1 and 19.7 fb$^{-1}$, respectively, increases both the expected and observed significances by 1%. The measured signal strength, relative to the SM prediction, is 1.19$^{+0.40}_{-0.39}$ (stat) $^{+0.15}_{-0.14}$ (syst). This result constitutes the first evidence for the decay of the Higgs boson to second generation fermions and is the most precise measurement of the Higgs boson coupling to muons reported to date.

39 data tables

The observed DNN output distribution in the VBF-SR region for data collected in 2016 compared to the post-fit background estimate for the contributing SM processes. The post-fit distributions for the Higgs boson signal produced via ggH and VBF modes with mass of 125.38 GeV are also reported. The predicted backgrounds are obtained from a S+B fit performed across analysis regions and years. The total post-fit and pre-fit uncertainties on the background prediction are also reported.

The observed DNN output distribution in the VBF-SR region for data collected in 2017 compared to the post-fit background estimate for the contributing SM processes. The post-fit distributions for the Higgs boson signal produced via ggH and VBF modes with mass of 125.38 GeV are also reported. The predicted backgrounds are obtained from a S+B fit performed across analysis regions and years. The total post-fit and pre-fit uncertainties on the background prediction are also reported.

The observed DNN output distribution in the VBF-SR region for data collected in 2018 compared to the post-fit background estimate for the contributing SM processes. The post-fit distributions for the Higgs boson signal produced via ggH and VBF modes with mass of 125.38 GeV are also reported. The predicted backgrounds are obtained from a S+B fit performed across analysis regions and years. The total post-fit and pre-fit uncertainties on the background prediction are also reported.

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The Proton-$\Omega$ correlation function in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 790 (2019) 490-497, 2019.
Inspire Record 1685527 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98861

We present the first measurement of the proton-$\Omega$ correlation function in heavy-ion collisions for central (0-40$\%$) and peripheral (40-80$\%$) Au+Au collisions at \sqrtsNN\,\,=200 GeV by the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). Predictions for the ratio of peripheral collisions to central collisions for the proton-$\Omega$ correlation function are sensitive to the presence of a nucleon-$\Omega$ bound state. These predictions are based on the proton-$\Omega$ interaction extracted from (2+1)-flavor lattice QCD calculations at the physical point. The measured ratio of proton-$\Omega$ correlation function from peripheral (small system) to central (large system) collisions is less than unity for relative momentum smaller than 40 MeV/c. Comparison of our measured correlation ratio with the theoretical calculation slightly favors a proton-$\Omega$ bound system with a binding energy of $\sim$ 27~MeV.

2 data tables

Measured correlation function (C($k^{*}$)) for proton-$\Omega$ and antiproton-$\bar{\Omega}$ (P$\Omega$ + $\bar{P}$$\bar{\Omega}$) for (0-40)$\%$ and (40-80$\%$) Au+Au collisons at $\sqrt{s}_{NN}$ = 200 GeV. The errors are statistical and systematic.

Ratio of small system (40-80$\%$) to large system (0-40$\%$) for proton-$\Omega$ and antiproton-$\bar{\Omega}$ (P$\Omega$ + $\bar{P}$$\Omega$). The errors are statistical and symmetric.


Beam-energy dependence of the directed flow of deuterons in Au+Au collisions

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 044906, 2020.
Inspire Record 1806121 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95544

We present a measurement of the first-order azimuthal anisotropy, $v_1(y)$, of deuterons from Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV recorded with the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The energy dependence of the $v_1(y)$ slope, $dv_{1}/dy|_{y=0}$, for deuterons, where $y$ is the rapidity, is extracted for semi-central collisions (10-40\% centrality) and compared to that of protons. While the $v_1(y)$ slopes of protons are generally negative for $\sqrt{s_{NN}} >$ 10 GeV, those for deuterons are consistent with zero, a strong enhancement of the $v_1(y)$ slope of deuterons is seen at the lowest collision energy (the largest baryon density) at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 7.7 GeV. In addition, we report the transverse momentum dependence of $v_1$ for protons and deuterons. The experimental results are compared with transport and coalescence models.

6 data tables

The 1st-order event plane ($\Psi_{1}$) resolution as a function of centrality of Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV. The $\Psi_{1}$ is reconstructed with the BBC detectors and its resolution is estimated by the correlation of sub-$\Psi_{1}$ from east BBC and west BBC. Data presented later (10-40\% centrality) is indicated by the dashed-line box.

Rapidity dependene of $v_1$ for protons(open squares) in 10-40 \%Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV. The lines, dashed-dot line for proton and dashed line for deuteron, at the midrapidity ($|y| < 0.6$) are the fit with linear functions to extract the slopes. The plotted uncertainties are the statistical only

Rapidity dependene of $v_1$ for deuterons(solid circles) in 10-40 \%Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV. The lines, dashed-dot line for proton and dashed line for deuteron, at the midrapidity ($|y| < 0.6$) are the fit with linear functions to extract the slopes. The plotted uncertainties are the statistical only

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Fiducial, total and differential cross-section measurements of $t$-channel single top-quark production in $pp$ collisions at 8 TeV using data collected by the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 531, 2017.
Inspire Record 1512776 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82544

Detailed measurements of $t$-channel single top-quark production are presented. They use 20.2 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the ATLAS experiment in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV at the LHC. Total, fiducial and differential cross-sections are measured for both top-quark and top-antiquark production. The fiducial cross-section is measured with a precision of 5.8 % (top quark) and 7.8 % (top antiquark), respectively. The total cross-sections are measured to be $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(tq) = 56.7^{+4.3}_{-3.8}\;$pb for top-quark production and $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(\bar{t}q) = 32.9^{+3.0}_{-2.7}\;$pb for top-antiquark production, in agreement with the Standard Model prediction. In addition, the ratio of top-quark to top-antiquark production cross-sections is determined to be $R_t=1.72 \pm 0.09$, with an improved relative precision of 4.9 % since several systematic uncertainties cancel in the ratio. The differential cross-sections as a function of the transverse momentum and rapidity of both the top quark and the top antiquark are measured at both the parton and particle levels. The transverse momentum and rapidity differential cross-sections of the accompanying jet from the $t$-channel scattering are measured at particle level. All measurements are compared to various Monte Carlo predictions as well as to fixed-order QCD calculations where available.

29 data tables

Predicted and observed event yields for the signal region (SR). The multijet background prediction is obtained from a binned maximum-likelihood fit to the $E_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{miss}}$ distribution. All the other predictions are derived using theoretical cross-sections, given for the backgrounds in Sect. 6 and for the signal in Sect. 1. The quoted uncertainties are in the predicted cross-sections or in the number of multijet events, in case of the multijet process.

Definition of the fiducial phase space.

The seven input variables to the NN ordered by their discriminating power. The jet that is not $b$-tagged is referred to as $\textit{untagged}~$jet.

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$J/\psi$ production cross section and its dependence on charged-particle multiplicity in $p + p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 786 (2018) 87-93, 2018.
Inspire Record 1672453 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85057

We present a measurement of inclusive $J/\psi$ production at mid-rapidity ($|y|<1$) in $p+p$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV with the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The differential production cross section for $J/\psi$ as a function of transverse momentum ($p_T$) for $0

3 data tables

Top$:$ J/$\psi$ cross section times branching ratio as a function of pT in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV. Solid circles are from this analysis for |y| < 1; open circles and blue squares are the published results for |y| < 1 from STAR; triangles are the published results for |y| < 0.35 from PHENIX. Bars and boxes are statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively. The curves are CEM (green), NLO NRQCD A (orange) [4], CGC + NRQCD (blue) , and NLO NRQCD B (magenta) theoretical calculations, respectively. Bottom$:$ ratios of these results with respect to the central value from this analysis.

The corrected $n_{ch}$ distributions at mid-rapidity (|$\eta$| < 1) for MB events (open circles) and J/$\psi$ events with J/$\psi$ $p_{T}$ greater than 0 (purple circles), 1.5 (blue squares), and 4 GeV/c (red triangles) in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV. The fit function is a negative binomial function. Bars and boxes are statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively.

The multiplicity dependence of J/$\psi$ production in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV. Purple circles, blue squares, and red triangles represent the results for J/$\psi$ with $p_{T}$ greater than 0, 1.5, and 4 GeV/c, respectively. Bars and open boxes are statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively. The ALICE result is shown in the left panel. The purple, blue and red bands in the middle panel are generated from PYTHIA8 for J/$\psi$ with $p_{T}$ greater than 0, 1.5, and 4 GeV/c, respectively. The blue and red bands in the right panel are from EPOS3 model calculations for D$^{0}$ with 2 < $p_{T}$ < 4 and 4 < $p_{T}$ < 8 GeV/c, respectively, while the green curve is from the Percolation model for J/$\psi$ with $p_{T}$ > 0 GeV/c.


Measurement of groomed jet substructure observables in p+p collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ =200 GeV with STAR

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 811 (2020) 135846, 2020.
Inspire Record 1783875 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93789

In this letter, a comprehensive suite of jet substructure measurements via the SoftDrop algorithm, including the shared momentum fraction ($z_{\rm{g}}$) and the groomed jet radius ($R_{\rm{g}}$), are reported in \pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 200$ GeV collected by the STAR experiment. These substructure observables are differentially measured for jets of varying resolution parameters from $R = 0.2$ to $R = 0.6$ and transverse momentum range $15 < p_{\rm{T, jet}} < 60$ GeV$/c$. These studies show that, at RHIC kinematics with increasing jet resolution parameter and jet energy, the $z_{\rm{g}}$ distribution asymptotically converges to the DGLAP splitting kernel. The groomed jet radius measurements reflect a momentum-dependent narrowing of the jet structure for jets of a given resolution parameter, i.e., the larger the $p_{\rm{T, jet}}$, the narrower the first split. For the first time, these fully corrected measurements are compared to leading order Monte Carlo generators and to state-of-the-art theoretical calculations at next-to-leading-log accuracy. We observe that RHIC-tuned PYTHIA 6 is able to quantitatively reproduce data whereas the LHC-tuned event generators, PYTHIA 8 and HERWIG 7, are unable to provide a simultaneous description of both the $z_{\rm{g}}$ and $R_{\rm{g}}$, resulting in opportunities for fine parameter tuning of these models in \pp collisions at varying collision energies. We also find that the theoretical calculations without non-perturbative corrections are able to qualitatively describe the trend in data for jets of large resolution parameters at high $p_{\rm{T, jet}}$, but fail at small jet resolution parameters and low jet momenta.

39 data tables

The data points and the error bars represent the mean $p_{\rm{T, jet}}^{\rm{det}}$ and the width (RMS) for a given $p_{\rm{T, jet}}^{\rm{part}}$ selection $R = 0.4$.

Uncorrected $z_{g}$ for $20 < p_{\rm{T, jet}} < 25$ GeV/c, R=0.4 anti-kT jets

Uncorrected $R_{g}$ for $20 < p_{\rm{T, jet}} < 25$ GeV/c, R=0.4 anti-kT jets

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Version 2
Measurement of the transverse momentum spectra of weak vector bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2017) 096, 2017.
Inspire Record 1471281 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77221

The transverse momentum spectra of weak vector bosons are measured in the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement uses a sample of proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV, collected during a special low-luminosity running that corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 18.4 +/- 0.5 inverse picobarns. The production of W bosons is studied in both electron and muon decay modes, while the production of Z bosons is studied using only the dimuon decay channel. The ratios of W- to W+ and Z to W differential cross sections are also measured. The measured differential cross sections and ratios are compared with theoretical predictions up to next-to-next leading order in QCD.

9 data tables

Normalized fiducial differential cross sections of W+ boson and W- boson decaying to electron plus neutrino and positron plus neutrino respectively at the pre-FSR level.

Normalized fiducial differential cross sections of W+ boson and W- boson decaying to muon and neutrino at pre-FSR level.

Normalized fiducial differential cross sections of Z0 boson decaying to dimuon at pre-FSR level.

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Measurement of inclusive J/$\psi$ polarization in $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ =200  GeV by the STAR experiment

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 092009, 2020.
Inspire Record 1806120 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95543

We report on new measurements of inclusive J/$\psi$ polarization at mid-rapidity in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The polarization parameters, $\lambda_\theta$, $\lambda_\phi$, and $\lambda_{\theta\phi}$, are measured as a function of transverse momentum ($p_T$) in both the Helicity and Collins-Soper (CS) reference frames within $p_T< 10$ GeV/$C$. Except for $\lambda_\theta$ in the CS frame at the highest measured $p_T$, all three polarization parameters are consistent with 0 in both reference frames without any strong $p_T$ dependence. Several model calculations are compared with data, and the one using the Color Glass Condensate effective field theory coupled with non-relativistic QCD gives the best overall description of the experimental results, even though other models cannot be ruled out due to experimental uncertainties.

14 data tables

The J/PSI(1S) polarization parameter $\lambda_\theta$ as a function of pT measured through dielectron channel in the HX frame.

The J/PSI(1S) polarization parameter $\lambda_\phi$ as a function of pT measured through dielectron channel in the HX frame.

The J/PSI(1S) polarization parameter $\lambda_\thetaphi$ as a function of pT measured through dielectron channel in the HX frame.

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Measurements of triple-differential cross sections for inclusive isolated-photon+jet events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 969, 2019.
Inspire Record 1744422 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90847

Measurements are presented of the triple-differential cross section for inclusive isolated-photon+jet events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV as a function of photon transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma$), photon pseudorapidity ($\eta^\gamma$), and jet pseudorapidity ($\eta^\text{jet}$). The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{-1}$ that probe a broad range of the available phase space, for $|\eta^\gamma|$ $<$ 1.44 and 1.57 $<$ $|\eta^\gamma|$ $<$ 2.50, $|\eta^\text{jet}|$ $<$ 2.5, 40 $<$ $p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma$ $<$ 1000 GeV, and jet transverse momentum, $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet}$, $>$ 25 GeV. The measurements are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations, which reproduce the data within uncertainties.

4 data tables

Measured triple-differential cross section distributions as a function of ${p_{T}^{\gamma}}$ in different bins of |${\eta^{\textrm{jet}}}$| for photons in the $|{\eta^{\gamma}}|$ < 0.8 bin.

Measured triple-differential cross section distributions as a function of ${p_{T}^{\gamma}}$ in different bins of |${\eta^{\textrm{jet}}}$| for photons in the 0.8 < $|{\eta^{\gamma}}|$ < 1.44 bin.

Measured triple-differential cross section distributions as a function of ${p_{T}^{\gamma}}$ in different bins of |${\eta^{\textrm{jet}}}$| for photons in the 1.56 < $|{\eta^{\gamma}}|$ < 2.1 bin.

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Measurement of quark- and gluon-like jet fractions using jet charge in PbPb and pp collisions at 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2020) 115, 2020.
Inspire Record 1789224 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88294

The momentum-weighted sum of the electric charges of particles inside a jet, known as jet charge, is sensitive to the electric charge of the particle initiating the parton shower. This paper presents jet charge distributions in $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC. These data correspond to integrated luminosities of 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ and 27.4 pb$^{-1}$ for PbPb and pp collisions, respectively. Leveraging the sensitivity of the jet charge to fundamental differences in the electric charges of quarks and gluons, the jet charge distributions from simulated events are used as templates to extract the quark- and gluon-like jet fractions from data. The modification of these jet fractions is examined by comparing pp and PbPb data as a function of the overlap of the colliding Pb nuclei (centrality). This measurement tests the color charge dependence of jet energy loss due to interactions with the quark-gluon plasma. No significant modification between different centrality classes and with respect to pp results is observed in the extracted fractions of quark- and gluon-like jet fractions.

14 data tables

Unfolded jet charge measurements for the $p_{T}$-weighting factor $\kappa = 0.5$ and a minimum track $p_{T}$ of 1 GeV for inclusive jets in pp and PbPb data. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

The standard deviation of the jet charge distributions with different track $p_{T}$ thresholds and $\kappa$ value of 0.5 for pp collisions and in the various event centrality bins for PbPb collisions compared with the PYTHIA6 prediction.

The standard deviation of the jet charge distributions with different track $p_{T}$ thresholds and $\kappa$ value of 0.3 for pp collisions and in the various event centrality bins for PbPb collisions compared with the PYTHIA6 prediction.

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Search for a light charged Higgs boson in the H$^\pm$ $\to $ cs channel in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 072001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1796727 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94261

A search is conducted for a low-mass charged Higgs boson produced in a top quark decay and subsequently decaying into a charm and a strange quark. The data sample was recorded in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The search is performed in the process of top quark pair production, where one top quark decays to a bottom quark and a charged Higgs boson, and the other to a bottom quark and a W boson. With the W boson decaying to a charged lepton (electron or muon) and a neutrino, the final state comprises an isolated lepton, missing transverse momentum, and at least four jets, of which two are tagged as b jets. To enhance the search sensitivity, one of the jets originating from the charged Higgs boson is required to satisfy a charm tagging selection. No significant excess beyond standard model predictions is found in the dijet invariant mass distribution. An upper limit in the range 1.68-0.25% is set on the branching fraction of the top quark decay to the charged Higgs boson and bottom quark for a charged Higgs boson mass between 80 and 160 GeV.

3 data tables

Expected and observed 95% CL exclusion limits in % on BR(t->H+ b) for the muon channel after the individual charm tagging categories have been combined.

Expected and observed 95% CL exclusion limits in % on BR(t->H+ b) for the electron channel after the individual charm tagging categories have been combined.

Expected and observed 95% CL exclusion limits in % on BR(t->H+ b) after the individual charm tagging categories and the muon and electron channels have been combined.


Measurement of away-side broadening with self-subtraction of flow in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Chin.Phys.C 44 (2020) 104001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1740989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95119

High transverse momentum ($p_T$) particle production is suppressed due to parton (jet) energy loss in the hot dense medium created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Redistribution of energy at low-to-modest $p_T$ has been elusive to measure because of large anisotropic backgrounds. We report a novel data-driven method for background evaluation and subtraction, exploiting the away-side pseudorapidity gaps, to measure the jetlike correlation shape in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=200$ GeV with the STAR experiment. The correlation shapes, for trigger particle $p_T>3$ GeV/$c$ and various associated particle $p_T$ ranges within $0.5<p_T<10$ GeV/$c$, are consistent with Gaussians and their widths are found to increase with centrality. The results indicate jet broadening in the medium created in central heavy-ion collisions.

7 data tables

Distributions of the recoil momentum within 0.5<\eta<1 (Px|_{0.5}^{1}) from high-pT trigger particles of 3<pT_Trig<10 GeV/c in 50-80% peripheral collisions

Distributions of the recoil momentum within 0.5<\eta<1 (Px|_{0.5}^{1}) from high-pT trigger particles of 3<pT_Trig<10 GeV/c in 0-10% central collisions

Dihadron azimuthal correlations in close-region and far-region for 3<pT_Trig<10 GeV/c and 1<pT_Assoc<2 GeV/c in 10-30% Au+Au collisions at \sNN=200 GeV

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Evidence for electroweak production of four charged leptons and two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-SMP-20-001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1811911 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95433

Evidence is presented for the electroweak (EW) production of two jets (jj) in association with two Z bosons and constraints on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are set. The analysis is based on a data sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}= $ 13 TeV collected with the CMS detector in 2016-2018, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. The search is performed in the fully leptonic final state ZZ$\to\ell\ell\ell'\ell'$, where $\ell,\ell' = $ e, $\mu$. The EW production of two jets in association with two Z bosons is measured with an observed (expected) significance of 4.0 (3.5) standard deviations. The cross sections for the EW production are measured in three fiducial volumes and the result is $\sigma_{\mathrm{EW}}$(pp $\to$ ZZjj $\to\ell\ell\ell'\ell'$jj) = 0.33$^{+0.11}_{-0.10}$ (stat) $^{+0.04}_{-0.03}$ (syst) fb in the most inclusive volume, in agreement with the standard model prediction of 0.275 $\pm$ 0.021 fb. Limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are derived in terms of the effective field theory operators T0, T1, T2, T8, and T9.

5 data tables

Data from paper Table 3. Measured and expected fiducial cross-sections in the ZZjj inclusive fiducial region.

Data from paper Table 3. Measured and expected fiducial cross-sections in the VBS-enriched loose fiducial region.

Data from paper Table 3. Measured and expected fiducial cross-sections in the VBS-enriched tight fiducial region.

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Search for charged Higgs bosons decaying into a top and a bottom quark in the all-jet final state of pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s} $ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2020) 126, 2020.
Inspire Record 1777308 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93014

A search for charged Higgs bosons (H$^\pm$) decaying into a top and a bottom quark in the all-jet final states is presented. The analysis uses LHC proton-proton collision data recorded with the CMS detector in 2016 at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. No significant excess is observed above the expected background. Model-independent upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on the product of the H$^\pm$ production cross section and branching fraction in two scenarios. For production in association with a top quark, limits of 21.3 to 0.007 pb are obtained for H$^\pm$ masses in the range of 0.2 to 3 TeV. Combining this with data from a search in leptonic final states results in improved limits of 9.25 to 0.005 pb. The complementary $s$-channel production of an H$^\pm$ is investigated in the mass range of 0.8 to 3 TeV and the corresponding upper limits are 4.5 to 0.023 pb. These results are interpreted using different minimal supersymmetric extensions of the standard model.

3 data tables

The 95% CL upper limit on the production cross section for the Charged Higgs boson decaying into a top-bottom pair.

The 95% CL upper limit on the production cross section for the Charged Higgs boson decaying into a top-bottom pair for s-channel production in the boosted regime.

The 95% CL upper limit on the production cross section for the Charged Higgs boson decaying into a top-bottom pair for the associated production (fully hadronic).


Search for decays of the 125 GeV Higgs boson into a Z boson and a $\rho$ or $\phi$ meson

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 11 (2020) 039, 2020.
Inspire Record 1806506 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95908

Decays of the 125 GeV Higgs boson into a Z boson and a $\rho^0$(770) or $\phi$(1020) meson are searched for using proton-proton collision data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. Events are selected in which the Z boson decays into a pair of electrons or a pair of muons, and the $\rho$ and $\phi$ mesons decay into pairs of pions and kaons, respectively. No significant excess above the background model is observed. As different polarization states are possible for the decay products of the Z boson and $\rho$ or $\phi$ mesons, affecting the signal acceptance, scenarios in which the decays are longitudinally or transversely polarized are considered. Upper limits at the 95% confidence level on the Higgs boson branching fractions into Z$\rho$ and Z$\phi$ are determined to be 1.04-1.31% and 0.31-0.40%, respectively, where the ranges reflect the considered polarization scenarios; these values are 740-940 and 730-950 times larger than the respective standard model expectations. These results constitute the first experimental limits on the two decay channels.

2 data tables

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on B(H $\rightarrow$ Z$\rho$), for different polarizations.

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on B(H $\rightarrow$ Z$\phi$), for different polarizations.


Measurement of associated production of a W boson and a charm quark in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 269, 2019.
Inspire Record 1705068 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89879

Measurements are presented of associated production of a W boson and a charm quark (W+c) in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.7 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The W bosons are identified by their decay into a muon and a neutrino. The charm quarks are tagged via the full reconstruction of D$^*$(2010)$^\pm$ mesons that decay via D$^*$(2010)$^\pm \to$ D$^0$ + $\pi^\pm \to$ K$^{\mp}$ + $\pi^\pm$ + $\pi^\pm$. A cross section is measured in the fiducial region defined by the muon transverse momentum $p_{T}^{\mu} >$ 26 GeV, muon pseudorapidity $|\eta^{\mu}| <$ 2.4, and charm quark transverse momentum $p_{T}^{c} >$ 5 GeV. The inclusive cross section for this kinematic range is $\sigma$(W+c) = 1026 $\pm$ 31 (stat) $\substack{+76\\-72}$ (syst) pb. The cross section is also measured differentially as a function of the pseudorapidity of the muon from the W boson decay. These measurements are compared with theoretical predictions and are used to probe the strange quark content of the proton.

6 data tables

The differential measurement of W + charm as a function of the absolute peudorapidity of the muon originating from the W boson.

The differential measurement of W+ + cbar as a function of the absolute peudorapidity of the muon originating from the W boson.

The differential measurement of W- + c as a function of the absolute peudorapidity of the muon originating from the W boson.

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W$^+$W$^-$ boson pair production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 092001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1814328 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94259

A measurement of the W$^+$W$^-$ boson pair production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV is presented. The data used in this study are collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The W$^+$W$^-$ candidate events are selected by requiring two oppositely charged leptons (electrons or muons). Two methods for reducing background contributions are employed. In the first one, a sequence of requirements on kinematic quantities is applied allowing a measurement of the total production cross section: 117.6 $\pm$ 6.8 pb, which agrees well with the theoretical prediction. Fiducial cross sections are also reported for events with zero or one jet, and the change in the zero-jet fiducial cross section with the jet transverse momentum threshold is measured. Normalized differential cross sections are reported within the fiducial region. A second method for suppressing background contributions employs two random forest classifiers. The analysis based on this method includes a measurement of the total production cross section and also a measurement of the normalized jet multiplicity distribution in W$^+$W$^-$ events. Finally, a dilepton invariant mass distribution is used to probe for physics beyond the standard model in the context of an effective field theory, and constraints on the presence of dimension-6 operators are derived.

8 data tables

Summary of cross sections obtained in the sequential cut analysis. The uncertainty listed is the total uncertainty obtained from the fit to the yields. Same flavor, SF, and different flavor, DF, cross sections are given.

Measured fraction of events after unfolding for $N_J = 0, 1, \geq 2$ jets. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second combines systematic uncertainties from the response matrix and from the background subtraction.

Expected and observed 68% and 95% confidence intervals on the measurement of the Wilson coefficients associated with the three CP-preserving, dimension-6 operators.

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Version 2
Measurement of differential cross sections and $W^+/W^-$ cross-section ratios for $W$ boson production in association with jets at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2018) 077, 2018.
Inspire Record 1635273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80076

This paper presents a measurement of the $W$ boson production cross section and the $W^{+}/W^{-}$ cross-section ratio, both in association with jets, in proton--proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The measurement is performed in final states containing one electron and missing transverse momentum using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.2 fb$^{-1}$. Differential cross sections for events with one or two jets are presented for a range of observables, including jet transverse momenta and rapidities, the scalar sum of transverse momenta of the visible particles and the missing transverse momentum in the event, and the transverse momentum of the $W$ boson. For a subset of the observables, the differential cross sections of positively and negatively charged $W$ bosons are measured separately. In the cross-section ratio of $W^{+}/W^{-}$ the dominant systematic uncertainties cancel out, improving the measurement precision by up to a factor of nine. The observables and ratios selected for this paper provide valuable input for the up quark, down quark, and gluon parton distribution functions of the proton.

86 data tables

Cross section for the production of W bosons for different inclusive jet multiplicities.

Statistical correlation between bins in data for the cross section for the production of W bosons for different inclusive jet multiplicities.

Differential cross sections for the production of W<sup>+</sup> bosons, W<sup>-</sup> bosons and the W<sup>+</sup>/W<sup>-</sup> cross section ratio as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity.

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Search for top squark pair production in a final state with two tau leptons in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2020) 015, 2020.
Inspire Record 1762677 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90833

A search for pair production of the supersymmetric partner of the top quark, the top squark, in proton-proton collision events at $ \sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV is presented in a final state containing hadronically decaying tau leptons and large missing transverse momentum. This final state is highly sensitive to high-$\tan{\beta}$ or higgsino-like scenarios in which decays of electroweak gauginos to tau leptons are dominant. The search uses a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 77.2 fb$^{-1}$, which was recorded with the CMS detector during 2016 and 2017. No significant excess is observed with respect to the background prediction. Exclusion limits at 95% confidence level are presented in the top squark and lightest neutralino mass plane within the framework of simplified models, in which top squark masses up to 1100 GeV are excluded for a nearly massless neutralino.

29 data tables

Values of the predicted SM background events from various sources and observed events in each of the 15 signal regions.

Values of the predicted signal yields in each of the 15 signal regions (for $ x=0.25 $).

Values of the predicted signal yields in each of the 15 signal regions (for $ x=0.5 $).

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Search for supersymmetry in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV in events with high-momentum Z bosons and missing transverse momentum

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2020) 149, 2020.
Inspire Record 1811111 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.96235

A search for new physics in events with two highly Lorentz-boosted Z bosons and large missing transverse momentum is presented. The analyzed proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$, were recorded at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The search utilizes the substructure of jets with large radius to identify quark pairs from Z boson decays. Backgrounds from standard model processes are suppressed by requirements on the jet mass and the missing transverse momentum. No significant excess in the event yield is observed beyond the number of background events expected from the standard model. For a simplified supersymmetric model in which the Z bosons arise from the decay of gluinos, an exclusion limit of 1920 GeV on the gluino mass is set at 95% confidence level. This is the first search for beyond-standard-model production of pairs of boosted Z bosons plus large missing transverse momentum.

14 data tables

Cross section upper limit vs m(GLUINO) for SMS model T5ZZ.

Cross section upper limit vs m(GLUINO) for SMS model T5ZZ.

Cross section upper limit vs m(GLUINO) for SMS model T5ZZ.

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Combined search for supersymmetry with photons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 801 (2020) 135183, 2020.
Inspire Record 1742099 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88922

A combination of four searches for new physics involving signatures with at least one photon and large missing transverse momentum, motivated by generalized models of gauge-mediated supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking, is presented. All searches make use of proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, which were recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Signatures with at least one photon and large missing transverse momentum are categorized into events with two isolated photons, events with a lepton and a photon, events with additional jets, and events with at least one high-energy photon. No excess of events is observed beyond expectations from standard model processes, and limits are set in the context of gauge-mediated SUSY. Compared to the individual searches, the combination extends the sensitivity to gauge-mediated SUSY in both electroweak and strong production scenarios by up to 100 GeV in neutralino and chargino masses, and yields the first CMS result combining various SUSY searches in events with photons at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV.

17 data tables

Neutralino Branching Fraction in GGM scenario

Neutralino Mass in GGM scenario

Data from Figure 3 of the paper

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First measurement of $\Lambda_c$ baryon production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 124 (2020) 172301, 2020.
Inspire Record 1762441 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94228

We report on the first measurement of the charmed baryon $\Lambda_c^{\pm}$ production at midrapidity ($|y|$ $<$ 1) in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV collected by the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The $\Lambda_c$/$D^0$ (denoting ($\Lambda_c^++\Lambda_c^-$)/($D^0+\bar{D^0}$)) yield ratio is measured to be 1.08 $\pm$ 0.16 (stat.) $\pm$ 0.26 (sys.) in the 0--20% most central Au+Au collisions for the transverse momentum ($p_T$) range 3 $<$ $p_T$ $<$ 6 GeV/$c$. This is significantly larger than the PYTHIA model calculations for $p+p$ collisions. The measured $\Lambda_c$/$D^0$ ratio, as a function of $p_T$ and collision centrality, is comparable to the baryon-to-meson ratios for light and strange hadrons in Au+Au collisions. Model calculations including coalescence hadronization for charmed baryon and meson formation reproduce the features of our measured $\Lambda_c$/$D^0$ ratio.

7 data tables

The $pK\pi$ invariant mass distributions (Counts per 10 MeV/c^2 bin) for right-sign combinations in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 200\,GeV for 0--20\% centrality class.

The $pK\pi$ invariant mass distributions (Counts per 10 MeV/c^2 bin) for wrong-sign combinations, scaled by 1/3, in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 200\,GeV for 0--20\% centrality class.

The $pK\pi$ invariant mass distributions (Counts per 10 MeV/c^2 bin) for right-sign combinations in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 200\,GeV for 10--80\% centrality class.

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Low-$p_T$ $e^{+}e^{-}$ pair production in Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV and U$+$U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV at STAR

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 132301, 2018.
Inspire Record 1676541 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84821

We report first measurements of $e^{+}e^{-}$ pair production in the mass region 0.4 $

36 data tables

The centrality dependence of e+e− invariant mass spectra within the STAR acceptance from Au+Au collisions and U+U collisions for pair pT < 0.15 GeV/c. The vertical bars on data points depict the statistical uncertainties, while the systematic uncertainties are shown as gray boxes. The hadronic cocktail yields from U+U collisions are ∼5%–12% higher than those from Au+Au collisions in given centrality bins; thus only cocktails for Au+Au collisions are shown here as solid lines, with shaded bands representing the systematic uncertainties for clarity.

The centrality dependence of e+e− invariant mass spectra within the STAR acceptance from Au+Au collisions and U+U collisions for pair pT < 0.15 GeV/c. The vertical bars on data points depict the statistical uncertainties, while the systematic uncertainties are shown as gray boxes. The hadronic cocktail yields from U+U collisions are ∼5%–12% higher than those from Au+Au collisions in given centrality bins; thus only cocktails for Au+Au collisions are shown here as solid lines, with shaded bands representing the systematic uncertainties for clarity.

The centrality dependence of e+e− invariant mass spectra within the STAR acceptance from Au+Au collisions and U+U collisions for pair pT < 0.15 GeV/c. The vertical bars on data points depict the statistical uncertainties, while the systematic uncertainties are shown as gray boxes. The hadronic cocktail yields from U+U collisions are ∼5%–12% higher than those from Au+Au collisions in given centrality bins; thus only cocktails for Au+Au collisions are shown here as solid lines, with shaded bands representing the systematic uncertainties for clarity.

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Version 2
Measurement of the Jet Mass Distribution and Top Quark Mass in Hadronic Decays of Boosted Top Quarks in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 124 (2020) 202001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1764472 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93067

A measurement is reported of the jet mass distribution in hadronic decays of boosted top quarks produced in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The measurement is performed in the lepton+jets channel of $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ events, where the lepton is an electron or muon. The products of the hadronic top quark decay t $\to$ bW $\to$ bq$\mathrm{\bar{q}}'$ are reconstructed as a single jet with transverse momentum larger than 400 GeV. The $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ cross section as a function of the jet mass is unfolded at the particle level and used to extract a value of the top quark mass of 172.6 $\pm$ 2.5 GeV. A novel jet reconstruction technique is used for the first time at the LHC, which improves the precision by a factor of three relative to an earlier measurement. This highlights the potential of measurements using boosted top quarks, where the new technique will enable future precision measurements.

9 data tables

Reconstructed distribution of $m_\mathrm{jet}$ after the full event selection in the lepton+jets channel.

The particle-level $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$ differential cross section in the fiducial region as a function of the XCone-jet mass.

The normalized particle-level $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$ differential cross section in the fiducial region as a function of the XCone-jet mass.

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Measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy of $\Upsilon$(1S) and $\Upsilon$(2S) mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys. Lett. B and tables can be found at http://cms-results.web.cern.ch/cms-results/public-results/publications/HIN-19-002 (CMS Public Pages), 2020.
Inspire Record 1801111 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93880

The second-order Fourier coefficients ($v_2$) characterizing the azimuthal distribution of $\Upsilon$(1S) and $\Upsilon$(2S) mesons arising from PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV are studied. The $\Upsilon$ mesons are reconstructed in their dimuon decay channel, as measured by the CMS detector. The data set was collected in 2018 and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 1.7 nb$^{-1}$. The scalar product method is used to extract the $v_2$ coefficients of the azimuthal distribution. Results are reported for the rapidity range $|y|\lt$ 2.4, with the transverse momentum 0 $\lt p_\mathrm{T} \lt$ 50 GeV/$c$, and in three centrality ranges of 10-30, 30-50 and 50-90%. In contrast to the J/$\psi$ mesons, no azimuthal anisotropy is observed for the $\Upsilon$ mesons.

5 data tables

$v_{2}$ of $\Upsilon(\mathrm{1S})$ mesons as a function of collision centrality.

$v_{2}$ of $\Upsilon(\mathrm{1S})$ and $\Upsilon(\mathrm{2S})$ mesons integrated for 10-90% centrality range.

$v_{2}$ of $\Upsilon(\mathrm{1S})$ as a function of $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ in 10-90% centrality range.

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