Charged-particle angular correlations in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 5.44 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 100 (2019) 044902, 2019.
Inspire Record 1716441 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88276

Azimuthal correlations of charged particles in xenon-xenon collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of $ \sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.44 TeV are studied. The data were collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC with a total integrated luminosity of 3.42 $\mu$b$^{-1}$. The collective motion of the system formed in the collision is parameterized by a Fourier expansion of the azimuthal particle density distribution. The azimuthal anisotropy coefficients $v_{2}$, $v_{3}$, and $v_{4}$ are obtained by the scalar-product, two-particle correlation, and multiparticle correlation methods. Within a hydrodynamic picture, these methods have different sensitivities to non-collective and fluctuation effects. The dependence of the Fourier coefficients on the size of the colliding system is explored by comparing the xenon-xenon results with equivalent lead-lead data. Model calculations that include initial-state fluctuation effects are also compared to the experimental results. The observed angular correlations provide new constraints on the hydrodynamic description of heavy ion collisions.

24 data tables

Elliptic-flow coefficients $v_2$ based on the two-particle correlations technique, as functions of transverse momentum and in bins of centrality. The results correspond to the range $|\eta| < 2.4$.

Elliptic-flow coefficients $v_2$ based on the scalar-product technique, as functions of transverse momentum and in bins of centrality. The results correspond to the range $|\eta| < 0.8$.

Elliptic-flow coefficients $v_2$ based on the four-particle correlations technique, as functions of transverse momentum and in bins of centrality. The results correspond to the range $|\eta| < 2.4$.

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Version 4
Observation of B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}\pi^+\pi^-$ and B$^0_\mathrm{S}$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ decays

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 82 (2022) 499, 2022.
Inspire Record 2016388 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114370

Using a data sample of $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2017 and 2018 with an integrated luminosity of 103 fb$^{-1}$, the B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ and B$^0_\mathrm{S}$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}\pi^+\pi^-$ decays are observed with significances exceeding 5 standard deviations. The resulting branching fraction ratios, measured for the first time, correspond to $\mathcal{B}$(B$^0_\mathrm{S}$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$) / $\mathcal{B}$(B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$) = (3.33 $\pm$ 0.69 (stat) $\pm$ 0.11 (syst) $\pm$ 0.34 ($f_\mathrm{s} / f_\mathrm{d}$)) $\times$ 10$^{-2}$ and $\mathcal{B}$(B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}\pi^+\pi^-$) / $\mathcal{B}$(B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$) = 0.480 $\pm$ 0.013 (stat) $\pm$ 0.032 (syst), where the last uncertainty in the first ratio is related to the uncertainty in the ratio of production cross sections of B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ and B$^0$ mesons, $f_\mathrm{s} / f_\mathrm{d}$.

10 data tables

The measured branching fraction ratios

The measured branching fraction ratios

The measured branching fraction ratios

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Version 2
Charged-particle distributions at low transverse momentum in $\sqrt{s}$=13 TeV pp interactions measured with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 502, 2016.
Inspire Record 1467230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73907

Measurements of distributions of charged particles produced in proton-proton collisions with a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV are presented. The data were recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 151 $\mu$b$^{-1}$. The particles are required to have a transverse momentum greater than 100 MeV and an absolute pseudorapidity less than 2.5. The charged-particle multiplicity, its dependence on transverse momentum and pseudorapidity and the dependence of the mean transverse momentum on multiplicity are measured in events containing at least two charged particles satisfying the above kinematic criteria. The results are corrected for detector effects and compared to the predictions from several Monte Carlo event generators.

20 data tables

The average charged-particle muliplicity per unit of rapidity for ETARAP=0 as a function of the centre-of-mass energy.

The average charged-particle muliplicity per unit of rapidity for ETARAP=0 as a function of the centre-of-mass energy.

The extrapolated ($\tau > 30$ ps) average charged-particle muliplicity per unit of rapidity for ETARAP=0 as a function of the centre-of-mass energy.

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Version 2
Invariant Jet Mass Measurements in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 200$ GeV at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 104 (2021) 052007, 2021.
Inspire Record 1853218 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102953

We present the first inclusive measurements of the invariant and SoftDrop jet mass in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV at STAR. The measurements are fully corrected for detector effects, and reported differentially in both the jet transverse momentum and jet radius parameter. We compare the measurements to established leading-order Monte Carlo event generators and find that STAR-tuned PYTHIA-6 reproduces the data, while LHC tunes of PYTHIA-8 and HERWIG-7 do not agree with the data, providing further constraints on parameter tuning. Finally, we observe that SoftDrop grooming, for which the contribution of wide-angle non-perturbative radiation is suppressed, shifts the jet mass distributions into closer agreement with the partonic jet mass as determined by both PYTHIA-8 and a next-to-leading-logarithmic accuracy perturbative QCD calculation. These measurements complement recent LHC measurements in a different kinematic region, as well as establish a baseline for future jet mass measurements in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC.

44 data tables

The uncorrected jet mass distribution for $R = 0.4$ anti-$k_{\rm{T}}$ jets with $20 < p_{\rm{T,jet}} < 25$ GeV$/c$.

The uncorrected jet mass distribution for $R = 0.4$ anti-$k_{\rm{T}}$ jets with $20 < p_{\rm{T,jet}} < 25$ GeV$/c$. Updated to correct a small bug that had shifted the jet mass to slightly smaller values.

The uncorrected SoftDrop groomed jet mass distribution for $R = 0.4$ anti-$k_{\rm{T}}$ jets with $20 < p_{\rm{T,jet}} < 25$ GeV$/c$.

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Two-particle correlations on transverse rapidity in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt {s_{NN}}=200$ GeV at STAR

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Aboona, Bassam ; Adam, Jaroslav ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 106 (2022) 044906, 2022.
Inspire Record 2071694 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.129290

Two-particle correlation measurements projected onto two-dimensional, transverse rapidity coordinates ($y_{T1},y_{T2}$), allow access to dynamical properties of the QCD medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions that angular correlation measurements are not sensitive to. We report non-identified charged-particle correlations for Au + Au minimum-bias collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV taken by the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). Correlations are presented as 2D functions of transverse rapidity for like-sign, unlike-sign and all charged-particle pairs, as well as for particle pairs whose relative azimuthal angles lie on the near-side, the away-side, or at all relative azimuth. The correlations are constructed using charged particles with transverse momentum $p_T \geq 0.15$ GeV/$c$, pseudorapidity from $-$1 to 1, and azimuthal angles from $-\pi$ to $\pi$. The significant correlation structures that are observed evolve smoothly with collision centrality. The major correlation features include a saddle shape plus a broad peak with maximum near $y_T \approx 3$, corresponding to $p_T \approx$ 1.5 GeV/$c$. The broad peak is observed in both like- and unlike-sign charge combinations and in near- and away-side relative azimuthal angles. The all-charge, all-azimuth correlation measurements are compared with the theoretical predictions of {\sc hijing} and {\sc epos}. The results indicate that the correlations for peripheral to mid-central collisions can be approximately described as a superposition of nucleon + nucleon collisions with minimal effects from the QCD medium. Strong medium effects are indicated in mid- to most-central collisions.

137 data tables

Two-dimensional correlations of charged-hadrons, all-CI, projected onto (y_t1, y_t2), in centrality bin 84-93%.

Two-dimensional correlations of charged-hadrons, all-CI, projected onto (y_t1, y_t2), in centrality bin 74-84%.

Two-dimensional correlations of charged-hadrons, all-CI, projected onto (y_t1, y_t2), in centrality bin 64-74%.

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Investigation into the event-activity dependence of $\Upsilon$(nS) relative production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 11 (2020) 001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1805867 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95684

The ratios of the production cross sections between the excited $\Upsilon$(2S) and $\Upsilon$(3S) mesons and the $\Upsilon$(1S) ground state, detected via their decay into two muons, are studied as a function of the number of charged particles in the event. The data are from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.8 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. Evidence of a decrease in these ratios as a function of the particle multiplicity is observed, more pronounced at low transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}^{\mu\mu}$. For $\Upsilon$(nS) mesons with $p_\mathrm{T}^{\mu\mu}$ $\gt$ 7 GeV, where most of the data were collected, the correlation with multiplicity is studied as a function of the underlying event transverse sphericity and the number of particles in a cone around the $\Upsilon$(nS) direction. The ratios are found to be multiplicity independent for jet-like events. The mean $p_\mathrm{T}^{\mu\mu}$ values for the $\Upsilon$(nS) states as a function of particle multiplicity are also measured and found to grow more steeply as their mass increases.

30 data tables

The measured ratios $\Upsilon(2$S$)\,/\,\Upsilon(1$S$)$ and $\Upsilon(3$S$)\,/\,\Upsilon(1$S$)$ with $p_T(\Upsilon(n$S$))>7\,GeV$ and $|y(\Upsilon(n$S$))| < 1.2$, as a function of track multiplicity $N_{track}$

The measured ratios $\Upsilon(2$S$)\,/\,\Upsilon(1$S$)$ and $\Upsilon(3$S$)\,/\,\Upsilon(1$S$)$ with $p_T(\Upsilon(n$S$))>0\,GeV$ and $|y(\Upsilon(n$S$))| < 1.93$, as a function of track multiplicity $N_{track}$.

Mean $p_T$ values of the $\Upsilon(1$S$)$, $\Upsilon(2$S$)$, and $\Upsilon(3S)$ states with $p_T\,>\,7\,GeV$ and $|y|\,<\,1.2$ as a function of track multiplicity $N_{track}$

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Version 2
Observation of triple J/$\psi$ meson production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-BPH-21-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1965242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114984

The first observation of the simultaneous production of three J/$\psi$ mesons in proton-proton (pp) collisions is presented, based on a data sample collected by the CMS experiment at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 133 fb$^{-1}$. The pp $\to$ J/$\psi\,$J/$\psi\,$J/$\psi\,$X process is observed with a significance above five standard deviations in final states with three $\mu^+\mu^-$ pairs. The measured inclusive fiducial cross section of $\sigma$(pp $\to$ J/$\psi\,$J/$\psi\,$J/$\psi\,$X)= 272$^{+141}_{-104}$ (stat) $\pm$ 17 (syst) fb is compared to theoretical expectations for the production of three J/$\psi$ mesons in single- (SPS), double- (DPS), and triple- (TPS) parton scatterings. Assuming factorization of multiple hard-scattering probabilities in terms of SPS cross sections, the measured process is found to be dominated by DPS and TPS contributions, and an effective DPS cross section, related to the transverse distribution of partons in the proton, of $\sigma_\mathrm{eff,DPS}$ = 2.7$^{+1.4}_{-1.0}$ (exp) ${}^{+1.5}_{-1.0}$ (theo) mb is determined.

6 data tables

Kinematic properties of each one of the three \JPsi mesons selected in the 5? 6? signal events.

Dimuon invariant mass ($m$), proper decay-length ($L$), transverse momentum ($p_{T}$), rapidity ($y$), and azimuthal angle ($\phi$) of each of the three $J/\psi$ candidates measured in the six triple-$J/\psi$ events passing our selection criteria.

DPS effective cross section

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Measurement of b jet shapes in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 054, 2021.
Inspire Record 1798501 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89876

We present the first study of charged-hadron production associated with jets originating from b quarks in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The data sample used in this study was collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb$^{-1}$. To characterize the jet substructure, the differential jet shapes, defined as the normalized transverse momentum distribution of charged hadrons as a function of angular distance from the jet axis, are measured for b jets. In addition to the jet shapes, the per-jet yields of charged particles associated with b jets are also quantified, again as a function of the angular distance with respect to the jet axis. Extracted jet shape and particle yield distributions for b jets are compared with results for inclusive jets, as well as with the predictions from the PYTHIA and HERWIG++ event generators.

10 data tables

The charged particle yield distribution $Y(\Delta r)$ of inclusive jets with $p_T > 120$ GeV and $1< p^{\text{trk}}_T < 12$ GeV are presented as functions of $\Delta r$ for differential $p_{\text{T}}^{\text{trk}}$ bin.

The charged particle yield distribution $Y(\Delta r)$ of b jets with $p_T > 120$ GeV and $1< p^{\text{trk}}_T < 12$ GeV are presented as functions of $\Delta r$ for differential $p_{\text{T}}^{\text{trk}}$ bin.

Charged particle yield distributions $Y(\Delta r)$ of inclusive jets with $1 < p_{\text{T}}^{\text{trk}} < 12$ GeV are presented as functions of $\Delta r$.Inclusive jets with $p_T > 120$ GeV and charged particles with $1 < p^{\text{trk}}_{\text{T}} < 12$ GeV are used to construct the distributions as functions of $\Delta r$ differential $p_{\text{T}}^{\text{trk}}$ bins.

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Version 2
Centrality and transverse momentum dependence of higher-order flow harmonics of identified hadrons in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Aboona, Bassam ; Adam, Jaroslav ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 105 (2022) 064911, 2022.
Inspire Record 2051708 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.128148

We present high-precision measurements of elliptic, triangular, and quadrangular flow $v_{2}$, $v_{3}$, and $v_{4}$, respectively, at midrapidity ($|\eta|<1.0$) for identified hadrons $\pi$, $p$, $K$, $\varphi$, $K_s$, $\Lambda$ as a function of centrality and transverse momentum in Au+Au collisions at the center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=$ 200 GeV. We observe similar $v_{n}$ trends between light and strange mesons which indicates that the heavier strange quarks flow as strongly as the lighter up and down quarks. The number-of-constituent-quark scaling for $v_{2}$, $v_{3}$, and $v_{4}$ is found to hold within statistical uncertainty for 0-10$\%$, 10-40$\%$ and 40-80$\%$ collision centrality intervals. The results are compared to several viscous hydrodynamic calculations with varying initial conditions, and could serve as an additional constraint to the development of hydrodynamic models.

94 data tables

The transverse momentum dependence of elliptic, triangular and quadrangular flow of particles, antiparticles and their difference for 0-80 central Au+Au collisions.

The transverse momentum dependence of elliptic, triangular and quadrangular flow of particles, antiparticles and their difference for 0-80 central Au+Au collisions.

The transverse momentum dependence of elliptic, triangular and quadrangular flow of particles, antiparticles and their difference for 0-80 central Au+Au collisions.

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Tomography of Ultra-relativistic Nuclei with Polarized Photon-gluon Collisions

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Aboona, Bassam ; Adam, Jaroslav ; et al.
Sci.Adv. 9 (2023) eabq3903, 2023.
Inspire Record 2062296 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.132921

A linearly polarized photon can be quantized from the Lorentz-boosted electromagnetic field of a nucleus traveling at ultra-relativistic speed. When two relativistic heavy nuclei pass one another at a distance of a few nuclear radii, the photon from one nucleus may interact through a virtual quark-antiquark pair with gluons from the other nucleus forming a short-lived vector meson (e.g. ${\rho^0}$). In this experiment, the polarization was utilized in diffractive photoproduction to observe a unique spin interference pattern in the angular distribution of ${\rho^0\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-}$ decays. The observed interference is a result of an overlap of two wave functions at a distance an order of magnitude larger than the ${\rho^0}$ travel distance within its lifetime. The strong-interaction nuclear radii were extracted from these diffractive interactions, and found to be $6.53\pm 0.06$ fm ($^{197} {\rm Au }$) and $7.29\pm 0.08$ fm ($^{238} {\rm U}$), larger than the nuclear charge radii. The observable is demonstrated to be sensitive to the nuclear geometry and quantum interference of non-identical particles.

14 data tables

The invariant mass distribution of pi+pi- pairs collected from Au+Au and U+U collisions.

Two-dimensional $\rho^0$ momentum distribution from Au+Au collisions.

Two-dimensional $\rho^0$ momentum distribution from Au+Au collisions.

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