Beam energy dependence of moments of the net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 113 (2014) 092301, 2014.
Inspire Record 1280557 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105915

We report the first measurements of the moments -- mean ($M$), variance ($\sigma^{2}$), skewness ($S$) and kurtosis ($\kappa$) -- of the net-charge multiplicity distributions at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at seven energies, ranging from $\sqrt {{s_{\rm NN}}}$= 7.7 to 200 GeV, as a part of the Beam Energy Scan program at RHIC. The moments are related to the thermodynamic susceptibilities of net-charge, and are sensitive to the proximity of the QCD critical point. We compare the products of the moments, $\sigma^{2}/M$, $S\sigma$ and $\kappa\sigma^{2}$ with the expectations from Poisson and negative binomial distributions (NBD). The $S\sigma$ values deviate from Poisson and are close to NBD baseline, while the $\kappa\sigma^{2}$ values tend to lie between the two. Within the present uncertainties, our data do not show non-monotonic behavior as a function of collision energy. These measurements provide a distinct way of determining the freeze-out parameters in heavy-ion collisions by comparing with theoretical models.

45 data tables

The efficiency and centrality bin width corrected mean (M) of the net-charge multiplicity distributions as a function of number of participating nucleons $N_{part}$ for Au+Au collisions at 7.7 GeV. The dotted lines represent calculations from the central limit theorem. The error bars are statisticaland systematic errors.

The efficiency and centrality bin width corrected mean (M) of the net-charge multiplicity distributions as a function of number of participating nucleons $N_{part}$ for Au+Au collisions at 11.5 GeV. The dotted lines represent calculations from the central limit theorem. The error bars are statisticaland systematic errors.

The efficiency and centrality bin width corrected mean (M) of the net-charge multiplicity distributions as a function of number of participating nucleons $N_{part}$ for Au+Au collisions at 19.6 GeV. The dotted lines represent calculations from the central limit theorem. The error bars are statisticaland systematic errors.

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Three-particle coincidence of the long range pseudorapidity correlation in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 105 (2010) 022301, 2010.
Inspire Record 840812 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102404

We report the first three-particle coincidence measurement in pseudorapidity ($\Delta\eta$) between a high transverse momentum ($p_{\perp}$) trigger particle and two lower $p_{\perp}$ associated particles within azimuth $\mid$$\Delta\phi$$\mid$$<$0.7 in $\sqrt{{\it s}_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV $d$+Au and Au+Au collisions. Charge ordering properties are exploited to separate the jet-like component and the ridge (long-range $\Delta\eta$ correlation). The results indicate that the particles from the ridge are uncorrelated in $\Delta\eta$ not only with the trigger particle but also between themselves event-by-event. In addition, the production of the ridge appears to be uncorrelated to the presence of the narrow jet-like component.

15 data tables

Correlated hadron distribution in ∆φ(|η|<1 with a high-p⊥trigger particle in 0-12% Au+Au collisions for 3<p(t)⊥<10 GeV/cand 1<p(a)⊥<3GeV/c. The ZYA1-normalized flow background is shown by the curve.

Correlated hadron distribution ∆η(|∆φ|<0.7) with a high-p⊥ trigger particle in 0-12% Au+Au collisions for 3<p(t)⊥<10 GeV/c and 1<p(a)⊥<3GeV/c. The ∆η distributions are background subtracted and corrected for ∆η acceptance and are for like and unlike-sign pairs separately. The curves in are Gaussian fits. Errors are statistical.

Background-subtracted charge-independent (AAT ) correlated hadron pair density in minimum bias d+Au collisions for 3<p(t)⊥<10 GeV/cand 1<p(a)⊥<3 GeV/c. The results are for near-side correlated hadrons within |∆φ1,2|<0.7, and corrected for the 3-particle ∆η-∆η acceptance. Statistical errors at (∆η1,∆η2)∼(0,0)are approximately 0.033 for d+Au respectively.

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Measurement of the $^3_{\Lambda}$H lifetime in Au+Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adams, Joseph ; Adkins, Kevin ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 97 (2018) 054909, 2018.
Inspire Record 1628155 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102407

A precise measurement of the hypertriton lifetime is presented. In this letter, the mesonic decay modes $\mathrm{{^3_\Lambda}H \rightarrow ^3He + \pi^-}$ and $\mathrm{{^3_\Lambda}H \rightarrow d + p + \pi^-}$ are used to reconstruct the hypertriton from Au+Au collision data collected by the STAR collaboration at RHIC. A minimum $\chi^2$ estimation is used to determine the lifetime of $\tau = 142^{+24}_{-21}\,{\rm (stat.)} {\pm} 31\,{\rm (syst.)}$ ps. This lifetime is about 50\% shorter than the lifetime $\tau = 263\pm2$ ps of a free $\Lambda$, indicating strong hyperon-nucleon interaction in the hypernucleus system. The branching ratios of the mesonic decay channels are also determined to satisfy B.R.$_{(^3{\rm He}+\pi^-)}/$(B.R.$_{(^3{\rm He}+\pi^-)}+$B.R.$_{(d+p+\pi^-)})$ = $0.32\rm{\pm}0.05\,{\rm (stat.)}\pm 0.08\,{\rm (syst.)}$. Our ratio result favors the assignment $J(\mathrm{^{3}_{\Lambda}H})$ = $\frac{1}{2}$ over $J(\mathrm{^{3}_{\Lambda}H})$ = $\frac{3}{2}$. These measurements will help to constrain models of hyperon-baryon interactions.

4 data tables

The hypertriton yield as a function of ~l/βγ for each of the two analyzed decay channels. The redpoints are for 2-body decays in four bins of ~l/βγ. The yields indicate the number of $^3_{\Lambda}$H per million events for each channel, and are already divided by the theoretical branching ratio 24.89% for the 2-body channel. The data points are fitted with the usual radioactive decay function. Using a minimum chisquare estimation.

The hypertriton yield as a function of l/βγ for each of the two analyzed decay channels. The bluesquares are for 3-body decays in four bins of l/βγ. The yield of hypertriton per million events in 3-body correct for theoretical branching ratio 40.06% 3-body channel. The data points are fitted with the usual radioactive decay function. Using a minimum chisquare estimation.

A summary of worldwide $^3_{\Lambda}$H lifetime experimental measurements and theoretical calculations. The two star markers are the STAR collaboration’s measurement published in 2010 and the present analysis. This measurement was based on the 3-body decay channel $^3_{\Lambda}$H→p+d+π−in a nuclear emulsion experiment. The shorter lifetime was attributed to the dissociation of the lightly-bound Λ and deuteron when traveling in a dense medium.

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Measurement of the mass difference and the binding energy of the hypertriton and antihypertriton

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Nature Phys. 16 (2020) 409-412, 2020.
Inspire Record 1731117 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105279

Using the STAR (Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC) detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), we have measured the $\Lambda$ hyperon binding energy $B_\Lambda$ for the hypertriton, which is the lightest hypernucleus yet discovered and consists of a proton, a neutron, and a $\Lambda$ hyperon. The measured $B_\Lambda$ differs from the widely used value and from predictions in which the hypertriton is modeled as a $\Lambda$ weakly bound to a deuterium nucleus. Our results place stringent constraints on the hyperon-nucleon interaction, and provide critical inputs for studying neutron star interiors, where strange matter may be present. The same data also permit more precise comparison between the masses of the hypertriton and the antihypertriton. Matter-antimatter symmetry pertaining to the binding of strange and antistrange quarks in a nucleus is thus tested quantitatively for the first time. No deviation from the expected exact symmetry is observed.

7 data tables

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (d and antid)

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (He and antiHe)

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (hypertriton and antihypertriton)

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Azimuthal anisotropy measurements of strange and multi-strange hadrons in U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 193$ GeV at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; et al.
2021.
Inspire Record 1852040 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102643

We present systematic measurements of azimuthal anisotropy for strange and multi-strange hadrons ($K^{0}_{s}$, $\Lambda$, $\Xi$, and $\Omega$) and $\phi$-mesons at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1.0) in collisions of U+U nuclei at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 193$ GeV, recorded by the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Transverse momentum ($p_{\text{T}}$) dependence of flow coefficients ($v_{2}$, $v_{3}$, and $v_{4}$) is presented for minimum bias collisions and three different centrality intervals. The results are obtained using the $\eta$ sub-event plane method. These measurements are compared with the published results from Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV. Number of Constituent Quark (NCQ) scaling of the measured flow coefficients in U+U collisions is discussed. We also present the ratio of $v_{n}$ scaled by the participant eccentricity ($\varepsilon_{n}\left\lbrace 2 \right\rbrace$) to explore system size dependence and collectivity in U+U collisions. The magnitude of $v_{2}/\varepsilon_{2}$ is found to be smaller in U+U collisions than that in central Au+Au collisions contradicting naive eccentricity scaling. Furthermore, the ratios between various flow harmonics ($v_{3}/v_{2}^{3/2}$, $v_{4}/v_{2}^{4/2}$) are studied as they are sensitive to the properties of the medium and mechanism of hadronization. The measured flow coefficients and the ratios between different flow harmonics are compared with hydrodynamic and transport model calculations.

137 data tables

Event plane resolution as a function of centrality for $\psi_{2}$, $\psi_{3}$, and $\psi_{4}$ in U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The statistical uncertainties are smaller than the markers.

The $p_{\text{T}}$ dependence of $v_{n}$ coefficients at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1) in minimum bias U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The error bars represent statistical uncertainties. The bands represent point-by-point systematic uncertainties.

The $p_{\text{T}}$ dependence of $v_{n}$ coefficients at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1) in minimum bias U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The error bars represent statistical uncertainties. The bands represent point-by-point systematic uncertainties.

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Energy dependence of $J/\psi$ production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 771 (2017) 13-20, 2017.
Inspire Record 1478040 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104506

The inclusive $J/\psi$ transverse momentum ($p_{T}$) spectra and nuclear modification factors are reported at midrapidity ($|y|<1.0$) in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV taken by the STAR experiment. A suppression of $J/\psi$ production, with respect to {\color{black}the production in $p+p$ scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions}, is observed in central Au+Au collisions at these three energies. No significant energy dependence of nuclear modification factors is found within uncertainties. The measured nuclear modification factors can be described by model calculations that take into account both suppression of direct $J/\psi$ production due to the color screening effect and $J/\psi$ regeneration from recombination of uncorrelated charm-anticharm quark pairs.

6 data tables

J/psi invariant yields in Au+Au collisions = 39 GeV as a function of pT for different centralities.

J/psi invariant yields in Au+Au collisions = 62.4 GeV as a function of pT for different centralities.

J/psi invariant yields in Au+Au collisions = 200 GeV as a function of pT for different centralities.

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Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry for inclusive jet and dijet production in polarized proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 103 (2021) L091103, 2021.
Inspire Record 1850855 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104836

We report high-precision measurements of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry, $A_{LL}$, for midrapidity inclusive jet and dijet production in polarized $pp$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=200\,\mathrm{GeV}$. The new inclusive jet data are sensitive to the gluon helicity distribution, $\Delta g(x,Q^2)$, for gluon momentum fractions in the range from $x \simeq 0.05$ to $x \simeq 0.5$, while the new dijet data provide further constraints on the $x$ dependence of $\Delta g(x,Q^2)$. The results are in good agreement with previous measurements at $\sqrt{s}=200\,\mathrm{GeV}$ and with recent theoretical evaluations of prior world data. Our new results have better precision and thus strengthen the evidence that $\Delta g(x,Q^2)$ is positive for $x > 0.05$.

21 data tables

Jet yield versus jet transverse momentum $p_{T}$ at the detector level and at the parton level. Table includes data for the JP2 trigger conditions and the corresponding simulations.

Jet yield versus jet transverse momentum $p_{T}$ at the detector level and at the parton level. Table includes data for the JP1 trigger conditions and the corresponding simulations.

Dijet yield versus the dijet $M_{inv}$ at the detector level and at the parton level. Table includes data for the JP1 and JP2 trigger conditions and the corresponding simulations.

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Delta phi Delta eta Correlations in Central Au+Au Collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-Gev

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 75 (2007) 034901, 2007.
Inspire Record 721060 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102086

We report charged-particle pair correlation analyses in the space of Delta -phi (azimuth) and Delta -eta (pseudo-rapidity), for central Au + Au collisions at sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200 GeV in the STAR detector. The analysis involves unlike-sign charge pairs and like-sign charge pairs, which are transformed into charge-dependent (CD) signals and charge-independent (CI) signals. We present detailed parameterizations of the data. A model featuring dense gluonic hot spots as first proposed by van Hove predicts that the observables under investigation would have sensitivity to such a substructure should it occur, and the model also motivates selection of transverse momenta in the range 0.8 < p_t < 2.0$ GeV/c. Both CD and CI correlations of high statistical significance are observed and possible interpretations are discussed.

16 data tables

FIG. 1: a) left side: The $\Delta\phi$ - $\Delta\eta$ correlation data for unlike-sign charge particle pairs from the Star central trigger dataset shown in a 2-dimensional (2-D) perspective plot. The particle tracks have 0.8 GeV/c < $p_t$ < 2.0 GeV/c and |$\eta$| < 1.0. The structure that looks like tiles on a roof is due to the readout boundary effects of the 12 sector TPC. b) right side: The similar correlation data for like-sign charge particle pairs is shown.

FIG. 1: a) left side: The $\Delta\phi$ - $\Delta\eta$ correlation data for unlike-sign charge particle pairs from the Star central trigger dataset shown in a 2-dimensional (2-D) perspective plot. The particle tracks have 0.8 GeV/c < $p_t$ < 2.0 GeV/c and |$\eta$| < 1.0. The structure that looks like tiles on a roof is due to the readout boundary effects of the 12 sector TPC. b) right side: The similar correlation data for like-sign charge particle pairs is shown.

FIG. 2: a) left side: The correlation data for the ratio of the histograms of same-event-pairs to mixed-event-pairs for unlike-sign charged pairs, shown in a two-dimensional (2-D) perspective plot $\Delta\phi$ - $\Delta\eta$. The plot was normalized to a mean of 1. b) right side: The similar correlation data for like-sign charge pairs.

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Systematic Measurements of Identified Particle Spectra in $p p, d^+$ Au and Au+Au Collisions from STAR

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 79 (2009) 034909, 2009.
Inspire Record 793126 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104931

Identified charged particle spectra of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, $p$ and $\pbar$ at mid-rapidity ($|y|<0.1$) measured by the $\dedx$ method in the STAR-TPC are reported for $pp$ and d+Au collisions at $\snn = 200$ GeV and for Au+Au collisions at 62.4 GeV, 130 GeV, and 200 GeV. ... [Shortened for arXiv list. Full abstract in manuscript.]

68 data tables

Uncorrected charged particle multiplicity distribution measured in the TPC in $|\eta| < 0.5$ for Au+Au collisions at 62.4 GeV and 200 GeV. The shaded regions indicate the centrality bins used in the analysis. The 200 GeV data are scaled by a factor 5 for clarity.

Uncorrected charged particle multiplicity distribution measured in the TPC in $|\eta| < 0.5$ for Au+Au collisions at 62.4 GeV and 200 GeV. The shaded regions indicate the centrality bins used in the analysis. The 200 GeV data are scaled by a factor 5 for clarity.

Uncorrected charged particle multiplicity distribution measured in the E-FTPC (Au-direction) within $−3.8 < |\eta| < −2.8$ in d+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The shaded regions indicate the centrality bins used in the analysis.

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Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry and cross section for inclusive jet production in polarized proton collisions at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 97 (2006) 252001, 2006.
Inspire Record 723509 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104928

We report a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry A_LL and the differential cross section for inclusive midrapidity jet production in polarized proton collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV. The cross section data cover transverse momenta 5 < pT < 50 GeV/c and agree with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD evaluations. The A_LL data cover 5 < pT < 17 GeV/c and disfavor at 98% C.L. maximal positive gluon polarization in the polarized nucleon.

3 data tables

(a) Inclusive differential cross section for p+p -> jet +X at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV versus jet pT for a jet cone radius of 0.4. The symbols show MB (open squares) and HT (filled circles) data from the years 2003 and 2004 combined. The horizontal bars indicate the ranges of the pT intervals. The curve shows a NLO calculation. (b) Comparison of theory and data. The band indicates the experimental systematic uncertainty. The upper (lower) dashed line indicates the relative change of the NLO calculation when it is evaluated at &mu = pT/2 (&mu = 2pT).

(a) Inclusive differential cross section for p+p -> jet +X at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV versus jet pT for a jet cone radius of 0.4. The symbols show MB (open squares) and HT (filled circles) data from the years 2003 and 2004 combined. The horizontal bars indicate the ranges of the pT intervals. The curve shows a NLO calculation. (b) Comparison of theory and data. The band indicates the experimental systematic uncertainty. The upper (lower) dashed line indicates the relative change of the NLO calculation when it is evaluated at &mu = pT/2 (&mu = 2pT).

The longitudinal double-spin asymmetry ALL in p+p-> jet +X at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV versus jet pT. The uncertainties on the data points are statistical. The gray band indicates the systematic uncertainty from the beam polarization measurement, and the hatched band the total systematic uncertainty. The curves show predictions based on deep-inelastic scattering parametrizations of gluon polarization.