Two-particle azimuthal correlations in photonuclear ultraperipheral Pb+Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV with ATLAS

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 104 (2021) 014903, 2021.
Inspire Record 1842843 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114165

Two-particle long-range azimuthal correlations are measured in photonuclear collisions using 1.7 nb$^{-1}$ of 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Candidate events are selected using a dedicated high-multiplicity photonuclear event trigger, a combination of information from the zero-degree calorimeters and forward calorimeters, and from pseudorapidity gaps constructed using calorimeter energy clusters and charged-particle tracks. Distributions of event properties are compared between data and Monte Carlo simulations of photonuclear processes. Two-particle correlation functions are formed using charged-particle tracks in the selected events, and a template-fitting method is employed to subtract the non-flow contribution to the correlation. Significant nonzero values of the second- and third-order flow coefficients are observed and presented as a function of charged-particle multiplicity and transverse momentum. The results are compared with flow coefficients obtained in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions in similar multiplicity ranges, and with theoretical expectations. The unique initial conditions present in this measurement provide a new way to probe the origin of the collective signatures previously observed only in hadronic collisions.

2 data tables

The measured $v_2$ and $v_3$ charged-particle anisotropies as a function of charged-particle multiplicity in photonuclear collisions

The measured $v_2$ and $v_3$ charged-particle anisotropies as a function of charged-particle transverse momentum in photonuclear collisions


Constraints on anomalous Higgs boson couplings to vector bosons and fermions in its production and decay using the four-lepton final state

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 104 (2021) 052004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1860903 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110660

Studies of $CP$ violation and anomalous couplings of the Higgs boson to vector bosons and fermions are presented. The data were acquired by the CMS experiment at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ at a proton-proton collision energy of 13 TeV. The kinematic effects in the Higgs boson's four-lepton decay H $\to$ 4$\ell$ and its production in association with two jets, a vector boson, or top quarks are analyzed, using a full detector simulation and matrix element techniques to identify the production mechanisms and to increase sensitivity to the Higgs boson tensor structure of the Higgs boson interactions. A simultaneous measurement is performed of up to five Higgs boson couplings to electroweak vector bosons (HVV), two couplings to gluons (Hgg), and two couplings to top quarks (Htt). The $CP$ measurement in the Htt interaction is combined with the recent measurement in the H $\to$$\gamma\gamma$ channel. The results are presented in the framework of anomalous couplings and are also interpreted in the framework of effective field theory, including the first study of $CP$ properties of the Htt and effective Hgg couplings from a simultaneous analysis of the gluon fusion and top-associated processes. The results are consistent with the standard model of particle physics.

68 data tables

Example description

Example description

Example description

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Analysis of the CP structure of the Yukawa coupling between the Higgs boson and $\tau$ leptons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-HIG-20-006, 2021.
Inspire Record 1940967 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104978

The first measurement of the CP structure of the Yukawa coupling between the Higgs boson and $\tau$ leptons is presented. The measurement is based on data collected in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ =13 TeV by the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. The analysis uses the angular correlation between the decay planes of $\tau$ leptons produced in Higgs boson decays. The effective mixing angle between CP-even and CP-odd $\tau$ Yukawa couplings is found to be $-$1$\pm$19$^\circ$, compared to an expected value of 0$\pm$21$^\circ$ at the 68.3% confidence level. The data disfavour the pure CP-odd scenario at 3.0 standard deviations. The results are compatible with predictions for the standard model Higgs boson.

7 data tables

Observed likelihood scan of $\alpha^{\mathrm{H}\tau\tau}$.

Expected likelihood scan of $\alpha^{\mathrm{H}\tau\tau}$.

Observed likelihood scan in the ($\alpha^{\mathrm{H}\tau\tau}$, $\mu$) plane.

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First search for exclusive diphoton production at high mass with tagged protons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The TOTEM & CMS collaborations Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-EXO-18-014, 2021.
Inspire Record 1942141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113659

A search for exclusive two-photon production via photon exchange in proton-proton collisions, pp $\to$ p$\gamma\gamma$p with intact protons, is presented. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 9.4 fb$^{-1}$ collected in 2016 using the CMS and TOTEM detectors at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV at the LHC. Events are selected with a diphoton invariant mass above 350 GeV and with both protons intact in the final state, to reduce backgrounds from strong interactions. The events of interest are those where the invariant mass and rapidity calculated from the momentum losses of the forward-moving protons matches the mass and rapidity of the central, two-photon system. No events are found that satisfy this condition. Interpreting this result in an effective dimension-8 extension of the standard model, the first limits are set on the two anomalous four-photon coupling parameters. If the other parameter is constrained to its standard model value, the limits at 95% CL are $\lvert\zeta_1\rvert\lt$ 2.88$\times$10$^{-13}$ GeV$^{-4}$ and $\lvert\zeta_2\rvert\lt$6.02$\times$10$^{-13}$GeV$^{-4}$.

6 data tables

Cut flow for the diphoton selection stages defined in the text (signal contribution is magnified by a factor 5000).

Invariant mass distribution of the diphoton pairs for the elastic selection region with events satisfying a < 0.005 (signal contribution is magnified by a factor 5000).

Predicted number of events having an elastic diphoton pair in association with a pair of protons observed within the range where the proton detectors have a radiation inefficiency less than 10%. The yields where the two-photon and two-proton systems mass and rapidity are matching at 2 and 3$\sigma$ are also quoted. This corresponds to a search region of $m_{\gamma\gamma} > 350$ GeV, $0.070 < \xi^+ < 0.111$, and $0.070 < \xi^- < 0.138$.

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Measurements of the pp $\to$ W$^\pm\gamma\gamma$ and pp $\to$ Z$\gamma\gamma$ cross sections at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-19-013, 2021.
Inspire Record 1865855 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113759

The cross section for W or Z boson production in association with two photons is measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The W$\to\ell\nu$ and Z$\to\ell\ell$ decay modes (where $\ell=$ e,$\mu$) are used to extract the W$\gamma\gamma$ and Z$\gamma\gamma$ cross sections in a phase space defined by electron (muon) with transverse momentum larger than 35 (30) GeV and photon transverse momentum larger than 20 GeV. The measured cross sections in this phase space are $\sigma$(W$\gamma\gamma$)=13.6$^{+1.9}_{-1.9}$ (stat) ${}^{+4.0}_{-4.0}$ (syst) $\pm$ 0.08 (PDF+scale) fb and $\sigma$(Z$\gamma\gamma$)=5.41$^{+0.58}_{-0.55}$ (stat) ${}^{+0.64}_{-0.70}$ (syst) $\pm$ 0.06 (PDF+scale) fb. Limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are set in the framework of an effective field theory with dimension-8 operators.

8 data tables

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{W}\gamma\gamma$ electron channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{W}\gamma\gamma$ muon channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{Z}\gamma\gamma$ electron channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

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Measurement of $b$-quark fragmentation properties in jets using the decay $B^{\pm} \to J/\psi K^{\pm}$ in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Dale ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-123, 2021.
Inspire Record 1913061 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94220

The fragmentation properties of jets containing $b$-hadrons are studied using charged $B$ mesons in 139 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the LHC during the period from 2015 to 2018. The $B$ mesons are reconstructed using the decay of $B^{\pm}$ into $J/\psi K^{\pm}$, with the $J/\psi$ decaying into a pair of muons. Jets are reconstructed using the anti-$k_t$ algorithm with radius parameter $R=0.4$. The measurement determines the longitudinal and transverse momentum profiles of the reconstructed $B$ hadrons with respect to the axes of the jets to which they are geometrically associated. These distributions are measured in intervals of the jet transverse momentum, ranging from 50 GeV to above 100 GeV. The results are corrected for detector effects and compared with several Monte Carlo predictions using different parton shower and hadronisation models. The results for the longitudinal and transverse profiles provide useful inputs to improve the description of heavy-flavour fragmentation in jets.

8 data tables

Longitudinal profile for 50 GeV < pT < 70 GeV.

Transverse profile for 50 GeV < pT < 70 GeV.

Longitudinal profile for 70 GeV < pT < 100 GeV.

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Search for long-lived particles decaying to leptons with large impact parameter in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-EXO-18-003, 2021.
Inspire Record 1940976 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113658

A search for new long-lived particles decaying to leptons using proton-proton collision data produced by the CERN LHC at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV is presented. Events are selected with two leptons (an electron and a muon, two electrons, or two muons) that both have transverse impact parameter values between 0.01 and 10 cm and are not required to form a common vertex. Data used for the analysis were collected with the CMS detector in 2016, 2017, and 2018, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 118 (113) fb$^{-1}$ in the ee channel (e$\mu$ and $\mu\mu$ channels). The search is designed to be sensitive to a wide range of models with displaced e$\mu$, ee, and $\mu\mu$ final states. The results constrain several well-motivated models involving new long-lived particles that decay to displaced leptons. For some areas of the available phase space, these are the most stringent constraints to date.

30 data tables

The distribution of electron $|d_0|$ for the events in data and signal that pass the e$\mu$ preselection. In all of the histograms, the last bin includes the overflow. The electron $|d_0|$ distributions have a longer tail than those of muons because the muon $|d_0|$ values are measured more precisely.

The distribution of muon $|d_0|$ for the events in data and signal that pass the e$\mu$ preselection. In all of the histograms, the last bin includes the overflow. The electron $|d_0|$ distributions have a longer tail than those of muons because the muon $|d_0|$ values are measured more precisely.

Two-dimensional distribution of $|d_{0}^{a}|$ vs $|d_{0}^{b}|$, for simulated background events passing the e$\mu$ preselection with 2018 conditions. In each $|d_{0}^{a}|$-$|d_{0}^{b}|$ bin, the number of events divided by the bin area is plotted. The inclusive signal region covers the region between 100 $\mu$m and 10 cm in each $|d_{0}|$ variable shown.

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Measurements of the pp $\to$ WZ inclusive and differential production cross section and constraints on charged anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2019) 122, 2019.
Inspire Record 1713417 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89320

The WZ production cross section is measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV using data collected with the CMS detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The inclusive cross section is measured to be $\sigma_{\text{tot}}$(pp $\to$ WZ$)$ = 48.09 $^{+1.00}_{-0.96}$ (stat) $^{+0.44}_{-0.37}$ (theo) $^{+2.39}_{-2.17}$ (syst) $\pm$ 1.39 (lumi) pb, resulting in a total uncertainty of $-$2.78/$+$2.98 pb. Fiducial cross section and ratios of charge-dependent cross section measurements are provided. Differential cross section measurements are also presented with respect to three variables: the Z boson transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$, the leading jet $p_\mathrm{T}$, and the $m$(WZ) variable, defined as the invariant mass of the system composed of the three leptons and the missing transverse momentum. Differential measurements with respect to the W boson $p_\mathrm{T}$, separated by charge, are also shown. Results are consistent with standard model predictions, favouring next-to-next-to-leading-order predictions over those at next-to-leading order. Constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings are derived via a binned maximum likelihood fit to the $m$(WZ) variable.

14 data tables

Differential cross section in bins of pT(Z). Values are expressed as a fraction of the total cross section. The eee and eem final states are shown.

Expected and observed one-dimensional confidence intervals (CI) at 95% confidence level for each of the considered EFT parameters, accounting only for the interference term between the SM amplitude and the BSM one. The one-dimensional intervals for each parameter are computed fixing the other two parameters to zero, the SM value.

Expected and observed one-dimensional confidence intervals (CI) at 95% confidence level for each of the considered EFT parameters. Both the square matrix of the dimension-6 contribution and the interference term between the SM amplitude and the BSM one are accounted for. The one-dimensional intervals for each parameter are computed fixing the other two parametes to zero, the SM value.

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Experimental Evidence for an Attractive p-$\phi$ Interaction

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 127 (2021) 172301, 2021.
Inspire Record 1863040 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113758

This Letter presents the first experimental evidence of the attractive strong interaction between a proton and a $\phi$ meson. The result is obtained from two-particle correlations of combined p-$\phi \oplus \overline{\rm {p}}$-$\phi$ pairs measured in high-multiplicity pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}~=~13$ TeV by the ALICE collaboration. The spin-averaged scattering length and effective range of the p-$\phi$ interaction are extracted from the fully corrected correlation function employing the Lednický-Lyuboshits approach. In particular, the imaginary part of the scattering length vanishes within uncertainties, indicating that inelastic processes do not play a prominent role for the p-$\phi$ interaction. These data demonstrate that the interaction is dominated by elastic p-$\phi$ scattering. Furthermore, an analysis employing phenomenological Gaussian- and Yukawa-type potentials is conducted. Under the assumption of the latter, the N-$\phi$ coupling constant is found to be $g_{\rm{N}-\phi} = 0.14\pm 0.03\,(\mathrm{stat.})\pm 0.02\,(\mathrm{syst.})$. This work provides valuable experimental input to accomplish a self-consistent description of the N-$\phi$ interaction, which is particularly relevant for the more fundamental studies on partial restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear medium.

2 data tables

Measured $\mathrm{p}-\phi$ $\oplus$ $\overline{\mathrm{p}}-\phi$ correlation function.

Genuine $\mathrm{p}-\phi$ $\oplus$ $\overline{\mathrm{p}}-\phi$ correlation function.


ϒ production and nuclear modification at forward rapidity in Pb–Pb collisions at sNN=5.02TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 822 (2021) 136579, 2021.
Inspire Record 1829413 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114190

The production of $\Upsilon$ mesons in Pb-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5 TeV is measured with the muon spectrometer of ALICE at the LHC. The yields as well as the nuclear modification factors are determined in the forward rapidity region $2.5<y<4.0$, as a function of rapidity, transverse momentum and collision centrality. The results show that the production of $\Upsilon$(1S) is suppressed by a factor of about three with respect to the production in proton-proton collisions. For the first time, a significant $\Upsilon$(2S) signal is observed at forward rapidity, indicating a suppression stronger by about a factor 2-3 with respect to the ground state. The measurements are compared with transport, hydrodynamic, comover and statistical hadronisation model calculations.

14 data tables

Rapidity-differential yield of $\Upsilon(1\mathrm{S}) \rightarrow \mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ divided by the average nuclear overlap function $\langle T_{\mathrm{AA}} \rangle$ for the 0–90% centrality interval ($\langle T_{\mathrm{AA}} \rangle$ = 6.28 $\pm$ 0.06 mb$^{-1}$).

Rapidity-differential yield of $\Upsilon(2\mathrm{S}) \rightarrow \mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ divided by the average nuclear overlap function $\langle T_{\mathrm{AA}} \rangle$ for the 0–90% centrality interval ($\langle T_{\mathrm{AA}} \rangle$ = 6.28 $\pm$ 0.06 mb$^{-1}$).

$p_{\mathrm{T}}$-differential yield of $\Upsilon(1\mathrm{S}) \rightarrow \mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ divided by the average nuclear overlap function $\langle T_{\mathrm{AA}} \rangle$ for the 0–90% centrality interval ($\langle T_{\mathrm{AA}} \rangle$ = 6.28 $\pm$ 0.06 mb$^{-1}$).

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