Measurements of jet multiplicity and jet transverse momentum in multijet events in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-SMP-21-006, 2022.
Inspire Record 2170533 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.133279

Multijet events at large transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) are measured at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV using data recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.3 fb$^{-1}$. The multiplicity of jets with $p_\mathrm{T}>$ 50 GeV that are produced in association with a high-$p_\mathrm{T}$ dijet system is measured in various ranges of the $p_\mathrm{T}$ of the jet with the highest transverse momentum and as a function of the azimuthal angle difference $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ between the two highest $p_\mathrm{T}$ jets in the dijet system. The differential production cross sections are measured as a function of the transverse momenta of the four highest $p_\mathrm{T}$ jets. The measurements are compared with leading and next-to-leading order matrix element calculations supplemented with simulations of parton shower, hadronization, and multiparton interactions. In addition, the measurements are compared with next-to-leading order matrix element calculations combined with transverse-momentum dependent parton densities and transverse-momentum dependent parton shower.

17 data tables

Jet multiplicity measured for a leading-pT jet ($p_{T1}$) with 200 < $p_{T1}$ < 400 GeV and for an azimuthal separation between the two leading jets of $0 < \Delta\Phi_{1,2} < 150^{\circ}$. The full breakdown of the uncertainties is displayed, with PU corresponding to Pileup, PREF to Trigger Prefering, PTHAT to the hard-scale (renormalization and factorization scales), MISS and FAKE to the inefficienties and background, LUMI to integrated luminosity. With JES, JER and stat. unc. following the notation in the paper.

Jet multiplicity measured for a leading-pT jet ($p_{T1}$) with 200 < $p_{T1}$ < 400 GeV and for an azimuthal separation between the two leading jets of $150 < \Delta\Phi_{1,2} < 170^{\circ}$. The full breakdown of the uncertainties is displayed, with PU corresponding to Pileup, PREF to Trigger Prefering, PTHAT to the hard-scale (renormalization and factorization scales), MISS and FAKE to the inefficienties and background, LUMI to integrated luminosity. With JES, JER and stat. unc. following the notation in the paper.

Jet multiplicity measured for a leading-pT jet ($p_{T1}$) with 200 < $p_{T1}$ < 400 GeV and for an azimuthal separation between the two leading jets of $170 < \Delta\Phi_{1,2} < 180^{\circ}$. The full breakdown of the uncertainties is displayed, with PU corresponding to Pileup, PREF to Trigger Prefering, PTHAT to the hard-scale (renormalization and factorization scales), MISS and FAKE to the inefficienties and background, LUMI to integrated luminosity. With JES, JER and stat. unc. following the notation in the paper.

More…

Azimuthal correlations in Z+jets events in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-SMP-21-003, 2022.
Inspire Record 2172990 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.133278

The production of Z bosons associated with jets is measured in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with data recorded with the CMS experiment at the LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.3 fb$^{-1}$. The multiplicity of jets with transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T} \gt$ 30 GeV is measured for different regions of the Z boson's $p_\mathrm{T}$(Z), from lower than 10 GeV to higher than 100 GeV. The azimuthal correlation $\Delta \phi$ between the Z boson and the leading jet, as well as the correlations between the two leading jets are measured in three regions of $p_\mathrm{T}$(Z). The measurements are compared with several predictions at leading and next-to-leading orders, interfaced with parton showers. Predictions based on transverse-momentum dependent parton distributions and corresponding parton showers give a good description of the measurement in the regions where multiple parton interactions and higher jet multiplicities are not important. The effects of multiple parton interactions are shown to be important to correctly describe the measured spectra in the low $p_\mathrm{T}$(Z) regions.

15 data tables

The measured cross section as a function of exclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}$, when $p_T<10$ GeV

The measured cross section as a function of exclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}$, when $10<p_T<30$ GeV

The measured cross section as a function of exclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}$, when $30<p_T<50$ GeV

More…

Version 4
Observation of B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}\pi^+\pi^-$ and B$^0_\mathrm{S}$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ decays

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 82 (2022) 499, 2022.
Inspire Record 2016388 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114370

Using a data sample of $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2017 and 2018 with an integrated luminosity of 103 fb$^{-1}$, the B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ and B$^0_\mathrm{S}$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}\pi^+\pi^-$ decays are observed with significances exceeding 5 standard deviations. The resulting branching fraction ratios, measured for the first time, correspond to $\mathcal{B}$(B$^0_\mathrm{S}$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$) / $\mathcal{B}$(B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$) = (3.33 $\pm$ 0.69 (stat) $\pm$ 0.11 (syst) $\pm$ 0.34 ($f_\mathrm{s} / f_\mathrm{d}$)) $\times$ 10$^{-2}$ and $\mathcal{B}$(B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}\pi^+\pi^-$) / $\mathcal{B}$(B$^0$$\to$$\psi$(2S)K$^0_\mathrm{S}$) = 0.480 $\pm$ 0.013 (stat) $\pm$ 0.032 (syst), where the last uncertainty in the first ratio is related to the uncertainty in the ratio of production cross sections of B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ and B$^0$ mesons, $f_\mathrm{s} / f_\mathrm{d}$.

10 data tables

The measured branching fraction ratios

The measured branching fraction ratios

The measured branching fraction ratios

More…

Version 2
Observation of $\tau$ lepton pair production in ultraperipheral lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIN-21-009, 2022.
Inspire Record 2094321 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.129600

We present an observation of photon-photon production of $\tau$ lepton pairs in ultraperipheral lead-lead collisions. The measurement is based on a data sample with an integrated luminosity of 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The $\gamma\gamma\to\tau^+\tau^-$ process is observed for $\tau\tau$ events with a muon and three charged hadrons in the final state. The measured fiducial cross section is $\sigma(\gamma\gamma\to\tau^+\tau^-)$ = 4.8$\pm$ 0.6 (stat) $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) $\mu$b, in agreement with leading-order QED predictions. Using $\sigma(\gamma\gamma\to\tau^+\tau^-)$, we estimate a model-dependent value of the anomalous magnetic moment of the $\tau$ lepton of $a_\tau$ = 0.001$^{+0.055}_{-0.089}$ at a 68% confidence level.

2 data tables

$\gamma\gamma\to\tau\tau$ fiducial cross section

Limits on anomalous magnetic moment of the tau lepton


Search for medium effects using jets from bottom quarks in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIN-20-003, 2022.
Inspire Record 2165920 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.130960

The first study of the shapes of jets arising from bottom (b) quarks in heavy ion collisions is presented. Jet shapes are studied using charged hadron constituents as a function of their radial distance from the jet axis. Lead-lead (PbPb) collision data at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV were recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC, with an integrated luminosity of 1.69 nb$^{-1}$. Compared to proton-proton collisions, a redistribution of the energy in b jets to larger distances from the jet axis is observed in PbPb collisions. This medium-induced redistribution is found to be substantially larger for b jets than for inclusive jets.

12 data tables

Jet shapes, $\rho(\Delta r)$, for inclusive and b jets as function of $\Delta r$ from pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

Jet shapes, $\rho(\Delta r)$, for inclusive and b jets as function of $\Delta r$ from pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

Jet shapes, $\rho(\Delta r)$, for inclusive and b jets as function of $\Delta r$ from pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

More…

Azimuthal anisotropy of dijet events in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIN-21-002, 2022.
Inspire Record 2165916 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.130961

The path-length dependent parton energy loss within the dense partonic medium created in lead-lead collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV is studied by determining the azimuthal anisotropies for dijets with high transverse momentum. The data were collected by the CMS experiment in 2018 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.6 9 nb$^{-1}$. For events containing back-to-back jets, correlations in relative azimuthal angle and pseudorapidity ($\eta$) between jets and hadrons, and between two hadrons, are constructed. The anisotropies are expressed as the Fourier expansion coefficients $v_n$, $n = $ 2-4 of these azimuthal distributions. The dijet $v_n$ values are extracted from long-range (1.5 $\lt \vert\Delta\eta\vert \lt$ 2.5) components of these correlations, which suppresses the background contributions from jet fragmentation processes. Positive dijet $v_2$ values are observed which increase from central to more peripheral events, while the $v_3$ and $v_4$ values are consistent with zero within experimental uncertainties.

4 data tables

The dijet $v_{n}$ data points factorized using different associated hadron pT bins for 0-10 % centrality bin. The data points are corrected for the jet reconstruction bias effects.

The dijet $v_{n}$ data points factorized using different associated hadron pT bins for 10-30 % centrality bin. The data points are corrected for the jet reconstruction bias effects.

The dijet $v_{n}$ data points factorized using different associated hadron pT bins for 30-50 % centrality bin. The data points are corrected for the jet reconstruction bias effects.

More…

Investigation into the event-activity dependence of $\Upsilon$(nS) relative production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 11 (2020) 001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1805867 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95684

The ratios of the production cross sections between the excited $\Upsilon$(2S) and $\Upsilon$(3S) mesons and the $\Upsilon$(1S) ground state, detected via their decay into two muons, are studied as a function of the number of charged particles in the event. The data are from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.8 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. Evidence of a decrease in these ratios as a function of the particle multiplicity is observed, more pronounced at low transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}^{\mu\mu}$. For $\Upsilon$(nS) mesons with $p_\mathrm{T}^{\mu\mu}$ $\gt$ 7 GeV, where most of the data were collected, the correlation with multiplicity is studied as a function of the underlying event transverse sphericity and the number of particles in a cone around the $\Upsilon$(nS) direction. The ratios are found to be multiplicity independent for jet-like events. The mean $p_\mathrm{T}^{\mu\mu}$ values for the $\Upsilon$(nS) states as a function of particle multiplicity are also measured and found to grow more steeply as their mass increases.

30 data tables

The measured ratios $\Upsilon(2$S$)\,/\,\Upsilon(1$S$)$ and $\Upsilon(3$S$)\,/\,\Upsilon(1$S$)$ with $p_T(\Upsilon(n$S$))>7\,GeV$ and $|y(\Upsilon(n$S$))| < 1.2$, as a function of track multiplicity $N_{track}$

The measured ratios $\Upsilon(2$S$)\,/\,\Upsilon(1$S$)$ and $\Upsilon(3$S$)\,/\,\Upsilon(1$S$)$ with $p_T(\Upsilon(n$S$))>0\,GeV$ and $|y(\Upsilon(n$S$))| < 1.93$, as a function of track multiplicity $N_{track}$.

Mean $p_T$ values of the $\Upsilon(1$S$)$, $\Upsilon(2$S$)$, and $\Upsilon(3S)$ states with $p_T\,>\,7\,GeV$ and $|y|\,<\,1.2$ as a function of track multiplicity $N_{track}$

More…

Version 2
Observation of triple J/$\psi$ meson production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-BPH-21-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1965242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114984

The first observation of the simultaneous production of three J/$\psi$ mesons in proton-proton (pp) collisions is presented, based on a data sample collected by the CMS experiment at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 133 fb$^{-1}$. The pp $\to$ J/$\psi\,$J/$\psi\,$J/$\psi\,$X process is observed with a significance above five standard deviations in final states with three $\mu^+\mu^-$ pairs. The measured inclusive fiducial cross section of $\sigma$(pp $\to$ J/$\psi\,$J/$\psi\,$J/$\psi\,$X)= 272$^{+141}_{-104}$ (stat) $\pm$ 17 (syst) fb is compared to theoretical expectations for the production of three J/$\psi$ mesons in single- (SPS), double- (DPS), and triple- (TPS) parton scatterings. Assuming factorization of multiple hard-scattering probabilities in terms of SPS cross sections, the measured process is found to be dominated by DPS and TPS contributions, and an effective DPS cross section, related to the transverse distribution of partons in the proton, of $\sigma_\mathrm{eff,DPS}$ = 2.7$^{+1.4}_{-1.0}$ (exp) ${}^{+1.5}_{-1.0}$ (theo) mb is determined.

6 data tables

Kinematic properties of each one of the three \JPsi mesons selected in the 5? 6? signal events.

Dimuon invariant mass ($m$), proper decay-length ($L$), transverse momentum ($p_{T}$), rapidity ($y$), and azimuthal angle ($\phi$) of each of the three $J/\psi$ candidates measured in the six triple-$J/\psi$ events passing our selection criteria.

DPS effective cross section

More…

Search for a heavy composite Majorana neutrino in events with dilepton signatures from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-EXO-20-011, 2022.
Inspire Record 2161685 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.133151

Results are presented of a search for a heavy Majorana neutrino N$_\ell$ decaying into two same-flavor leptons $\ell$ (electrons or muons) and a quark-pair jet. A model is considered in which the N$_\ell$ is an excited neutrino in a compositeness scenario. The analysis is performed using a sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. The data are found to be in agreement with the standard model prediction. For the process in which the N$_\ell$ is produced in association with a lepton, followed by the decay of the N$_\ell$ to a same-flavor lepton and a quark pair, an upper limit at 95% confidence level on the product of the cross section and branching fraction is obtained as a function of the N$_\ell$ mass \mhcmn and the compositeness scale $\Lambda$. For this model the data exclude the existence of N$_\text{e}$ (N$_\mu$) for $m_{\text{N}_\ell}$ below 6.0 (6.1) TeV, at the limit where $m_{\text{N}_\ell}$ is equal to $\Lambda$. For $m_{\text{N}_\ell}$ $\approx$ 1 TeV, values of $\Lambda$ less than 20 (23) TeV are excluded. These results represent a considerable improvement in sensitivity, covering a larger parameter space than previous searches in pp collisions at 13 TeV.

6 data tables

Cut-flow table mN=0.5TeV, electron, muon channel, 2018.

Distributions of \mllj for the data, and the post-fit backgrounds (stacked histograms), in the SRs of the \eeqq channel. The template for one signal hypothesis is shown overlaid as a yellow solid line. The overflow is included in the last bin. The middle panels show ratios of the data to the pre-fit background prediction and post-fit background yield as red open squares and blue points, respectively. The gray band in the middle panels indicates the systematic component of the post-fit uncertainty. The lower panels show the distributions of the pulls, defined in the text.

Distributions of \mllj for the data, and the post-fit backgrounds (stacked histograms), in the SRs of the \mmqq channel. The template for one signal hypothesis is shown overlaid as a yellow solid line. The overflow is included in the last bin. The middle panels show ratios of the data to the pre-fit background prediction and post-fit background yield as red open squares and blue points, respectively. The gray band in the middle panels indicates the systematic component of the post-fit uncertainty. The lower panels show the distributions of the pulls, defined in the text.

More…

Search for new heavy resonances decaying to WW, WZ, ZZ, WH, or ZH boson pairs in the all-jets final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-B2G-20-009, 2022.
Inspire Record 2159368 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.132485

A search for new heavy resonances decaying to WW, WZ, ZZ, WH, or ZH boson pairs in the all-jets final state is presented. The analysis is based on proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS detector in 2016-2018 at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. The search is sensitive to resonances with masses above 1.3 TeV, decaying to bosons that are highly Lorentz-boosted such that each of the bosons forms a single large-radius jet. Machine learning techniques are employed to identify such jets. No significant excess over the estimated standard model background is observed. A maximum local significance of 3.6 standard deviations, corresponding to a global significance of 2.3 standard deviations, is observed at masses of 2.1 and 2.9 TeV. In a heavy vector triplet model, spin-1 Z' and W' resonances with masses below 4.8 TeV are excluded at the 95% confidence level (CL). These limits are the most stringent to date. In a bulk graviton model, spin-2 gravitons and spin-0 radions with masses below 1.4 and 2.7 TeV, respectively, are excluded at 95% CL. Production of heavy resonances through vector boson fusion is constrained with upper cross section limits at 95% CL as low as 0.1 fb.

6 data tables

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section ($\sigma$) and the branching fraction, obtained after combining all categories with 138 $\mathrm{fb}^{−1}$ of data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV for R to VV signal.

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section ($\sigma$) and the branching fraction, obtained after combining all categories with 138 $\mathrm{fb}^{−1}$ of data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV for $\mathrm{G}_\mathrm{bulk}$ to $VV$ signal.

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section ($\sigma$) and the branching fraction, obtained after combining all categories with 138 $\mathrm{fb}^{−1}$ of data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV for $\mathrm{V'}$ to $VV$ + $VH$ signal in HVT model B.

More…