Azimuthal correlations in photoproduction and deep inelastic $ep$ scattering at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Abt, I. ; Aggarwal, R. ; Aushev, V. ; et al.
JHEP 12 (2021) 102, 2021.
Inspire Record 1869927 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110989

Collective behaviour of final-state hadrons, and multiparton interactions are studied in high-multiplicity $ep$ scattering at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=318$ GeV with the ZEUS detector at HERA. Two- and four-particle azimuthal correlations, as well as multiplicity, transverse momentum, and pseudorapidity distributions for charged-particle multiplicities $N_{\textrm ch} \geq 20$ are measured. The dependence of two-particle correlations on the virtuality of the exchanged photon shows a clear transition from photoproduction to neutral current deep inelastic scattering. For the multiplicities studied, neither the measurements in photoproduction processes nor those in neutral current deep inelastic scattering indicate significant collective behaviour of the kind observed in high-multiplicity hadronic collisions at RHIC and the LHC. Comparisons of PYTHIA predictions with the measurements in photoproduction strongly indicate the presence of multiparton interactions from hadronic fluctuations of the exchanged photon.

17 data tables

Two-particle correlations $c_{1}\{2\}$ versus $Q^2$. Photoproduction data are shown at $Q^2$ = 0 GeV$^2$, while NC DIS is for $Q^2$ > 5 GeV$^2$.

Two-particle correlations $c_{1}\{2\}$ versus $Q^2$ with a rapidity separation: $\Delta \eta > 2$. Photoproduction data are shown at $Q^2$ = 0 GeV$^2$, while NC DIS is for $Q^2$ > 5 GeV$^2$.

Two-particle correlations $c_{1}\{2\}$ versus $Q^2$ with a high-$p_{\textrm{T}}$ constraint: $p_{\textrm{T}}$ > 0.5 GeV. Photoproduction data are shown at $Q^2$ = 0 GeV$^2$, while NC DIS is for $Q^2$ > 5 GeV$^2$.

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Version 2
Neutral strange particle production in deep inelastic scattering at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Derrick, M. ; Krakauer, D. ; Magill, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 68 (1995) 29-42, 1995.
Inspire Record 395196 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.44998

This paper presents measurements of \k\ and \lam\ production in neutral current, deep inelastic scattering of 26.7 GeV electrons and 820 GeV protons in the kinematic range $ 10 < Q~{2} < 640 $ GeV$~2$, $0.0003 < x < 0.01$, and $y > 0.04$. Average multiplicities for \k\ and \lam\ production are determined for transverse momenta \ \ptr\ $> 0.5 $ GeV and pseudorapidities $\left| \eta \right| < 1.3$. The multiplicities favour a stronger strange to light quark suppression in the fragmentation chain than found in $e~+ e~-$ experiments. The production properties of \k's in events with and without a large rapidity gap with respect to the proton direction are compared. The ratio of neutral \k's to charged particles per event in the measured kinematic range is, within the present statistics, the same in both samples.

12 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Systematic Measurements of Identified Particle Spectra in $p p, d^+$ Au and Au+Au Collisions from STAR

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 79 (2009) 034909, 2009.
Inspire Record 793126 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104931

Identified charged particle spectra of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, $p$ and $\pbar$ at mid-rapidity ($|y|<0.1$) measured by the $\dedx$ method in the STAR-TPC are reported for $pp$ and d+Au collisions at $\snn = 200$ GeV and for Au+Au collisions at 62.4 GeV, 130 GeV, and 200 GeV. ... [Shortened for arXiv list. Full abstract in manuscript.]

68 data tables

Uncorrected charged particle multiplicity distribution measured in the TPC in $|\eta| < 0.5$ for Au+Au collisions at 62.4 GeV and 200 GeV. The shaded regions indicate the centrality bins used in the analysis. The 200 GeV data are scaled by a factor 5 for clarity.

Uncorrected charged particle multiplicity distribution measured in the TPC in $|\eta| < 0.5$ for Au+Au collisions at 62.4 GeV and 200 GeV. The shaded regions indicate the centrality bins used in the analysis. The 200 GeV data are scaled by a factor 5 for clarity.

Uncorrected charged particle multiplicity distribution measured in the E-FTPC (Au-direction) within $−3.8 < |\eta| < −2.8$ in d+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The shaded regions indicate the centrality bins used in the analysis.

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Center of mass energy and system-size dependence of photon production at forward rapidity at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 832 (2010) 134-147, 2010.
Inspire Record 822997 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101347

We present the multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of photons produced in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at \sqrt{s_NN} = 62.4 and 200 GeV. The photons are measured in the region -3.7 < \eta < -2.3 using the photon multiplicity detector in the STAR experiment at RHIC. The number of photons produced per average number of participating nucleon pairs increases with the beam energy and is independent of the collision centrality. For collisions with similar average numbers of participating nucleons the photon multiplicities are observed to be similar for Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at a given beam energy. The ratios of the number of charged particles to photons in the measured pseudorapidity range are found to be 1.4 +/- 0.1 and 1.2 +/- 0.1 for \sqrt{s_NN} = 62.4 GeV and 200 GeV, respectively. The energy dependence of this ratio could reflect varying contributions from baryons to charged particles, while mesons are the dominant contributors to photon production in the given kinematic region. The photon pseudorapidity distributions normalized by average number of participating nucleon pairs, when plotted as a function of \eta - ybeam, are found to follow a longitudinal scaling independent of centrality and colliding ion species at both beam energies.

14 data tables

Fig. 1. (Color online.) Top panel: Photon reconstruction efficiency $\left(\epsilon_{\gamma}\right)$ (solid symbols) and purity of photon sample $\left(f_{\mathrm{p}}\right)$ (open symbols) for PMD as a function of pseudorapidity $(\eta)$ for minimum bias $\mathrm{Au}+\mathrm{Au}$ and $\mathrm{Cu}+\mathrm{Cu}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=$ $200 \mathrm{GeV}$. Bottom panel: Comparison between estimated $\epsilon_{\gamma}$ and $f_{\mathrm{p}}$ for PMD as a function of $\eta$ for minimum bias $\mathrm{Au}+\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=62.4 \mathrm{GeV}$ using HIJING and AMPT models. The error bars on the AMPT data are statistical and those for HIJING are within the symbol size. NOTE: For points with invisible error bars, the point size was considered as an absolute upper limit for the uncertainty.

Fig. 1. (Color online.) Top panel: Photon reconstruction efficiency $\left(\epsilon_{\gamma}\right)$ (solid symbols) and purity of photon sample $\left(f_{\mathrm{p}}\right)$ (open symbols) for PMD as a function of pseudorapidity $(\eta)$ for minimum bias $\mathrm{Au}+\mathrm{Au}$ and $\mathrm{Cu}+\mathrm{Cu}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=$ $200 \mathrm{GeV}$. Bottom panel: Comparison between estimated $\epsilon_{\gamma}$ and $f_{\mathrm{p}}$ for PMD as a function of $\eta$ for minimum bias $\mathrm{Au}+\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=62.4 \mathrm{GeV}$ using HIJING and AMPT models. The error bars on the AMPT data are statistical and those for HIJING are within the symbol size. NOTE: For points with invisible error bars, the point size was considered as an absolute upper limit for the uncertainty.

Fig. 2. (Color online.) Event-by-event photon multiplicity distributions (solid circles) for $\mathrm{Au}+\mathrm{Au}$ and $\mathrm{Cu}+\mathrm{Cu}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=62.4$ and $200 \mathrm{GeV} .$ The distributions for top $0-5 \%$ central $\mathrm{Au}+$ Au collisions and top $0-10 \%$ central $\mathrm{Cu}+\mathrm{Cu}$ collisions are also shown (open circles). The photon multiplicity distributions for central collisions are observed to be Gaussian (solid line). Only statistical errors are shown. NOTE: For points with invisible error bars, the point size was considered as an absolute upper limit for the uncertainty.

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Transverse-momentum-dependent Multiplicities of Charged Hadrons in Muon-Deuteron Deep Inelastic Scattering

The COMPASS collaboration Aghasyan, M. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; Alexeev, G.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 97 (2018) 032006, 2018.
Inspire Record 1624692 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83542

A semi-inclusive measurement of charged hadron multiplicities in deep inelastic muon scattering off an isoscalar target was performed using data collected by the COMPASS Collaboration at CERN. The following kinematic domain is covered by the data: photon virtuality $Q^{2}>1$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$, invariant mass of the hadronic system $W > 5$ GeV/$c^2$, Bjorken scaling variable in the range $0.003 < x < 0.4$, fraction of the virtual photon energy carried by the hadron in the range $0.2 < z < 0.8$, square of the hadron transverse momentum with respect to the virtual photon direction in the range 0.02 (GeV/$c)^2 < P_{\rm{hT}}^{2} < 3$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$. The multiplicities are presented as a function of $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$ in three-dimensional bins of $x$, $Q^2$, $z$ and compared to previous semi-inclusive measurements. We explore the small-$P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$ region, i.e. $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2} < 1$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$, where hadron transverse momenta are expected to arise from non-perturbative effects, and also the domain of larger $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$, where contributions from higher-order perturbative QCD are expected to dominate. The multiplicities are fitted using a single-exponential function at small $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$ to study the dependence of the average transverse momentum $\langle P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}\rangle$ on $x$, $Q^2$ and $z$. The power-law behaviour of the multiplicities at large $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$ is investigated using various functional forms. The fits describe the data reasonably well over the full measured range.

162 data tables
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Multiplicities of charged kaons from deep-inelastic muon scattering off an isoscalar target

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Agarwala, J. ; Aghasyan, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 767 (2017) 133-141, 2017.
Inspire Record 1483098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77892

Precise measurements of charged-kaon multiplicities in deep inelastic scattering were performed. The results are presented in three-dimensional bins of the Bjorken scaling variable x, the relative virtual-photon energy y, and the fraction z of the virtual-photon energy carried by the produced hadron. The data were obtained by the COMPASS Collaboration by scattering 160 GeV muons off an isoscalar 6 LiD target. They cover the kinematic domain 1 (GeV/c)2 < Q2 < 60 (GeV/c)^2 in the photon virtuality, 0.004 < x < 0.4, 0.1 < y < 0.7, 0.20 < z < 0.85, and W > 5 GeV/c^2 in the invariant mass of the hadronic system. The results from the sum of the z-integrated K+ and K- multiplicities at high x point to a value of the non-strange quark fragmentation function larger than obtained by the earlier DSS fit.

2 data tables

Multiplicities of positively charged kaons from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{K^{+}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the kaon count, $DVM^{K^{+}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the kaon count, $\eta^{K^{+}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{K^{+}}$, as follows: $M^{K^{+}}$ = $M_{raw}^{K^{+}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{K^{+}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{K^{+}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.

Multiplicities of negatively charged kaons from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{K^{-}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the kaon count, $DVM^{K^{-}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the kaon count, $\eta^{K^{-}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{K^{-}}$, as follows: $M^{K^{-}}$ = $M_{raw}^{K^{-}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{K^{-}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{K^{-}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.


Multiplicities of charged pions and charged hadrons from deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Agarwala, J. ; Aghasyan, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 764 (2017) 1-10, 2017.
Inspire Record 1444985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76800

Multiplicities of charged pions and unidentified hadrons produced in deep-inelastic scattering were measured in bins of the Bjorken scaling variable $x$, the relative virtual-photon energy $y$ and the relative hadron energy $z$. Data were obtained by the COMPASS Collaboration using a 160 GeV muon beam and an isoscalar target ($^6$LiD). They cover the kinematic domain in the photon virtuality $Q^2$ > 1(GeV/c$)^2$, $0.004 < x < 0.4$, $0.2 < z < 0.85$ and $0.1 < y < 0.7$. In addition, a leading-order pQCD analysis was performed using the pion multiplicity results to extract quark fragmentation functions.

4 data tables

Multiplicities of positively charged pions from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{\pi^{+}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the pion count, $DVM^{\pi^{+}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the pion count, $\eta^{\pi^{+}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{\pi^{+}}$, as follows: $M^{\pi^{+}}$ = $M_{raw}^{\pi^{+}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{\pi^{+}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{\pi^{+}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.

Multiplicities of negatively charged pions from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{\pi^{-}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the pion count, $DVM^{\pi^{-}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the pion count, $\eta^{\pi^{-}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{\pi^{-}}$, as follows: $M^{\pi^{-}}$ = $M_{raw}^{\pi^{-}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{\pi^{-}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{\pi^{-}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.

Multiplicities of unidentified positively charged hadrons from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{h^{+}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the hadron count, $DVM^{h^{+}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the hadron count, $\eta^{h^{+}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{h^{+}}$, as follows: $M^{h^{+}}$ = $M_{raw}^{h^{+}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{h^{+}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{h^{+}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.

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Charged particle multiplicities in nuclear collisions at 200-GeV/N

The NA35 collaboration Bächler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; Bialkowska, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 51 (1991) 157-162, 1991.
Inspire Record 320907 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14983

Data on multiplicities of charged particles produced in proton-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon are presented. It is shown that the mean multiplicity of negative particles is proportional to the mean number of nucleons participating in the collision both for nucleus-nucleus and proton-nucleus collisions. The apparent consistency of pion multiplicity data with the assumption of an incoherent superposition of nucleon-nucleon collisions is critically discussed.

4 data tables

No description provided.

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Central Collisions of 14.6-{GeV}/nucleon, 60-{GeV}/nucleon, and 200-{GeV}/nucleon $^{16}$O Nuclei in Nuclear Emulsion

Barbier, L.M. ; Freier, P.S. ; Holynski, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 405-407, 1988.
Inspire Record 264260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2969

Central collisions of O16 nuclei with the Ag107 and Br80 nuclei in nuclear emulsion at 14.6, 60, and 200 GeV/nucleon are compared with proton-emulsion data at equivalent energies. The multiplicities of produced charged secondaries are consistent with the predictions of superposition models. At 200 GeV/nucleon the central particle pseudorapidity density is 58±2 for those events with multiplicities exceeding 200 particles.

5 data tables

Nucleus is average nucleus of BR-2 emulsion.

Nucleus is average nucleus of BR-2 emulsion.

Nucleus is average AG107/BR80 nucleus of BR-2 emulsion.

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FAST TARGET FRAGMENTS IN INTERACTIONS OF RELATIVISTIC NUCLEI WITH PHOTOEMULSION. (IN RUSSIAN)

Antonchik, V.A. ; Bakaev, V.A. ; Bogdanov, V.G. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 46 (1987) 1344-1352, 1987.
Inspire Record 256945 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2434

None

38 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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