Update of the ALEPH non-strange spectral functions from hadronic $\tau$ decays

Davier, Michel ; Höcker, Andreas ; Malaescu, Bogdan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2014) 2803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1267648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77010

An update of the ALEPH non-strange spectral functions from hadronic $\tau$ decays is presented. Compared to the 2005 ALEPH publication, the main improvement is related to the use of a new method to unfold the measured mass spectra from detector effects. This procedure also corrects a previous problem in the correlations between the unfolded mass bins. Results from QCD studies and for the evaluation of the hadronic vacuum polarisation contribution to the anomalous muon magnetic moment are derived using the new spectral functions. They are found in agreement with published results based on the previous set of spectral functions.

23 data tables

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 25.471%

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi 2\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 9.239%

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi 3\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 0.977%

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Observation of $e^+e^- \rightarrow \omega \chi_{c1,2}$ near $\sqrt{s}$ = 4.42 and 4.6 GeV

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, Medina ; Achasov, Mikhail N ; Ai, Xiaocong ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 011102, 2016.
Inspire Record 1406939 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76981

Based on data samples collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring at center-of-mass energies s>4.4  GeV, the processes e+e-→ωχc1,2 are observed for the first time. With an integrated luminosity of 1074  pb-1 near s=4.42  GeV, a significant ωχc2 signal is found, and the cross section is measured to be (20.9±3.2±2.5)  pb. With 567  pb-1 near s=4.6  GeV, a clear ωχc1 signal is seen, and the cross section is measured to be (9.5±2.1±1.3)  pb, while evidence is found for an ωχc2 signal. The first errors are statistical, and the second are systematic. Due to low luminosity or low cross section at other energies, no significant signals are observed. In the ωχc2 cross section, an enhancement is seen around s=4.42  GeV. Fitting the cross section with a coherent sum of the ψ(4415) Breit-Wigner function and a phase-space term, the branching fraction B(ψ(4415)→ωχc2) is obtained to be of the order of 10-3.

3 data tables

Results on $e^+e^-\to \omega \chi_{c0}$. Shown in the table are the channels, the center-of-mass energy, the integrated luminosity $\mathcal{L}$, product of radiative correction factor, vacuum polarization factor, branching fraction and efficiency, $\mathcal{D}=(1+\delta)\frac{1}{|1-\Pi|^{2}}(\epsilon_{\pi}\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c0}\to\pi^+\pi^-)+\epsilon_{K}\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c0}\to K^+K^-))\mathcal{B}(\omega\to\pi^+\pi^{-}\pi^{0})\mathcal{B}(\pi^{0}\to\gamma\gamma)$ for $\omega\chi_{c0}$, number of observed events $N^{\rm {obs}}$, number of estimated background events $N^{\rm bkg}$, number of signal events $N^{\rm sig}$ determined as described in the text, Born cross section $\sigma^{\rm B}$(or upper limit at 90$\%$ C.L.) at each energy point.

Results on $e^+e^-\to \omega \chi_{c1}$. Shown in the table are the channels, the center-of-mass energy, the integrated luminosity $\mathcal{L}$, product of radiative correction factor, vacuum polarization factor, branching fraction and efficiency, $\mathcal{D}=(1 + \delta) \frac{1}{|1-\Pi|^{2}} (\epsilon_{e}\mathcal{B}_{e} + \epsilon_{\mu}\mathcal{B}_{\mu}) \mathcal{B}_{1}$ for $\omega\chi_{c1}$, number of observed events $N^{\rm {obs}}$, number of estimated background events $N^{\rm bkg}$, number of signal events $N^{\rm sig}$ determined as described in the text, Born cross section $\sigma^{\rm B}$(or upper limit at 90$\%$ C.L.) at each energy point. $N^{\rm sig}$ for $\omega\chi_{c1}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 4.416 and 4.599 GeV is taken from the fit. Dash means that the result is not applicable.

Results on $e^+e^-\to \omega \chi_{c2}$. Shown in the table are the channels, the center-of-mass energy, the integrated luminosity $\mathcal{L}$, product of radiative correction factor, vacuum polarization factor, branching fraction and efficiency, $\mathcal{D}=(1 + \delta) \frac{1}{|1-\Pi|^{2}} (\epsilon_{e}\mathcal{B}_{e} + \epsilon_{\mu}\mathcal{B}_{\mu}) \mathcal{B}_{1}$ for $\omega\chi_{c2}$, number of observed events $N^{\rm {obs}}$, number of estimated background events $N^{\rm bkg}$, number of signal events $N^{\rm sig}$ determined as described in the text, Born cross section $\sigma^{\rm B}$(or upper limit at 90$\%$ C.L.) at each energy point. $N^{\rm sig}$ for $\omega\chi_{c2}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 4.416 and 4.599 GeV is taken from the fit. Dash means that the result is not applicable.


Measurement of $R_{\text{uds}}$ and $R$ between 3.12 and 3.72 GeV at the KEDR detector

Anashin, V.V. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Baldin, E.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B753 (2016) 533-541, 2016.
Inspire Record 1397002 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76727

Using the KEDR detector at the VEPP-4M e+e− collider, we have measured the values of Ruds and R at seven points of the center-of-mass energy between 3.12 and 3.72 GeV. The total achieved accuracy is about or better than 3.3% at most of energy points with a systematic uncertainty of about 2.1% . At the moment it is the most accurate measurement of R(s) in this energy range.

1 data table

Measured values of $R_{\rm{uds}}(s)$ and $R(s)$ with statistical and systematic uncertainties.


Measurement of the $e^+e^- \to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-$ cross section with the CMD-3 detector at the VEPP-2000 collider

Shemyakin, D.N. ; Fedotovich, G.V. ; Akhmetshin, R.R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B756 (2016) 153-160, 2016.
Inspire Record 1395968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76553

The process $e^+e^- \to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-$ has been studied in the center-of-mass energy range from 1500 to 2000\,MeV using a data sample of 23 pb$^{-1}$ collected with the CMD-3 detector at the VEPP-2000 $e^+e^-$ collider. Using about 24000 selected events, the $e^+e^- \to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-$ cross section has been measured with a systematic uncertainty decreasing from 11.7\% at 1500-1600\,MeV to 6.1\% above 1800\,MeV. A preliminary study of $K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-$ production dynamics has been performed.

1 data table

Center-of-mass energy, integrated luminosity, number of four-track events, number of three-track events, detection efficiency, radiative correction and Born cross section of the process $e^{+}e^{-} \to K^{+} K^{-} \pi^{+} \pi^{-}$. Errors are statistical only.


Energy scan of the $e^+e^- \to h_b(nP)\pi^+\pi^-$ $(n=1,2)$ cross sections and evidence for $\Upsilon(11020)$ decays into charged bottomonium-like states

The Belle collaboration Abdesselam, A. ; Adachi, I. ; Adamczyk, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 117 (2016) 142001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1389855 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74710

Using data collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider, we measure the energy dependence of the e+e-→hb(nP)π+π- (n=1, 2) cross sections from thresholds up to 11.02 GeV. We find clear ϒ(10860) and ϒ(11020) peaks with little or no continuum contribution. We study the resonant substructure of the ϒ(11020)→hb(nP)π+π- transitions and find evidence that they proceed entirely via the intermediate isovector states Zb(10610) and Zb(10650). The relative fraction of these states is loosely constrained by the current data: The hypothesis that only Zb(10610) is produced is excluded at the level of 3.3 standard deviations, while the hypothesis that only Zb(10650) is produced is not excluded at a significant level.

1 data table

Center-of-mass energies, integrated luminosities and Born cross sections for all energy points. The first uncertainty in the energy is uncorrelated, the second is correlated. The three uncertainties in the cross sections are statistical, uncorrelated systematic and correlated systematic.


Scaling violations of quark and gluon jet fragmentation functions in e+ e- annihilations at s**(1/2) = 91.2-GeV and 183-GeV to 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C37 (2004) 25-47, 2004.
Inspire Record 648738 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74689

Flavour inclusive, udsc and b fragmentation functions in unbiased jets, and flavour inclusive, udsc, b and gluon fragmentation functions in biased jets are measured in e+e- annihilations from data collected at centre-of-mass energies of 91.2, and 183-209 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The unbiased jets are defined by hemispheres of inclusive hadronic events, while the biased jet measurements are based on three-jet events selected with jet algorithms. Several methods are employed to extract the fragmentation functions over a wide range of scales. Possible biases are studied in the results are obtained. The fragmentation functions are compared to results from lower energy e+e- experiments and with earlier LEP measurements and are found to be consistent. Scaling violations are observed and are found to be stronger for the fragmentation functions of gluon jets than for those of quarks. The measured fragmentation functions are compared to three recent theoretical next-to-leading order calculations and to the predictions of three Monte Carlo event generators. While the Monte Carlo models are in good agreement with the data, the theoretical predictions fail to describe the full set of results, in particular the b and gluon jet measurements.

11 data tables

The udsc jet fragmentation function in bins of $x_{\rm E}$ and scale. The scale denotes $Q_{\rm jet}$ for the biased jets and is given by the intervals, while it denotes $\sqrt{s}/2$ for the unbiased jets and is given by the single values. These data are displayed in Fig.7.

The b jet fragmentation function in bins of $x_{\rm E}$ and scale. The scale denotes $Q_{\rm jet}$ for the biased jets and is given by the intervals, while it denotes $\sqrt{s}/2$ for the unbiased jets and is given by the single values. These data are displayed in Fig. 8. In the region 0.48 $<x_{\rm E}<$ 0.90 and $Q_{\rm jet}=$ 30-70 GeV, no measurement was possible due to low statistics.

The gluon jet fragmentation functions in bins of $x_{\rm E}$ and scale $Q_{\rm jet}$ obtained from the biased jets using the b-tag method (BT). These data are displayed in Fig. 9. In the region 0.48 $<x_{\rm E}<$ 0.90 and $Q_{\rm jet}=$ 30-42 GeV for the b-tag method, no measurement was possible due to low statistics.

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Experimental studies of unbiased gluon jets from $e^{+} e^{-}$ annihilations using the jet boost algorithm

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Rev. D69 (2004) 032002, 2004.
Inspire Record 631361 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74246

We present the first experimental results based on the jet boost algorithm, a technique to select unbiased samples of gluon jets in e+e- annihilations, i.e. gluon jets free of biases introduced by event selection or jet finding criteria. Our results are derived from hadronic Z0 decays observed with the OPAL detector at the LEP e+e- collider at CERN. First, we test the boost algorithm through studies with Herwig Monte Carlo events and find that it provides accurate measurements of the charged particle multiplicity distributions of unbiased gluon jets for jet energies larger than about 5 GeV, and of the jet particle energy spectra (fragmentation functions) for jet energies larger than about 14 GeV. Second, we apply the boost algorithm to our data to derive unbiased measurements of the gluon jet multiplicity distribution for energies between about 5 and 18 GeV, and of the gluon jet fragmentation function at 14 and 18 GeV. In conjunction with our earlier results at 40 GeV, we then test QCD calculations for the energy evolution of the distributions, specifically the mean and first two non-trivial normalized factorial moments of the multiplicity distribution, and the fragmentation function. The theoretical results are found to be in global agreement with the data, although the factorial moments are not well described for jet energies below about 14 GeV.

5 data tables

The charged particle multiplicity distribution of gluon jets, $n_{\rm gluon}^{\rm ch.}$, for $E_{\rm g}^*$$\,=\,$5.25, 5.98 and 6.98 GeV. The data have been corrected for detector acceptance and resolution, for event selection, and for gluon jet impurity.

The charged particle multiplicity distribution of gluon jets, $n_{\rm gluon}^{\rm ch.}$, for $E_{\rm g}^*$$\,=\,$8.43 and 10.92 GeV. The data have been corrected for detector acceptance and resolution, for event selection, and for gluon jet impurity.

The charged particle multiplicity distribution of gluon jets, $n_{\rm gluon}^{\rm ch.}$, for $E_{\rm g}^*$$\,=\,$14.24 and 17.72 GeV. The data have been corrected for detector acceptance and resolution, for event selection, and for gluon jet impurity.

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Measurement of the $e^+ e^− \to \pi^+ \pi^−$ cross section between 600 and 900 MeV using initial state radiation

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Ai, X.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B753 (2016) 629-638, 2016.
Inspire Record 1385603 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73898

We extract the $e^+e^-\rightarrow \pi^+\pi^-$ cross section in the energy range between 600 and 900 MeV, exploiting the method of initial state radiation. A data set with an integrated luminosity of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ taken at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider is used. The cross section is measured with a systematic uncertainty of 0.9%. We extract the pion form factor $|F_\pi|^2$ as well as the contribution of the measured cross section to the leading order hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to $(g-2)_\mu$. We find this value to be $a_\mu^{\pi\pi,\rm LO}(600-900\;\rm MeV) = (368.2 \pm 2.5_{\rm stat} \pm 3.3_{\rm sys})\cdot 10^{-10}$.

1 data table

Results of the BESIII measurement of the cross section $\sigma^{\rm bare}_{\pi^+\pi^-(\gamma_{\rm FSR})} \equiv \sigma^{\rm bare}(e^+e^-\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-(\gamma_{\rm FSR}))$ and the squared pion form factor $|F_\pi|^2$. The errors are statistical only. The value of $\sqrt{s'}$ represents the bin center. The 0.9$\%$ systematic uncertainty is fully correlated between any two bins.


Study of the process $e^+e^-\to p\bar{p}$ in the c.m. energy range from threshold to 2 GeV with the CMD-3 detector

The CMD-3 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Amirkhanov, A.N. ; Anisenkov, A.V. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B759 (2016) 634-640, 2016.
Inspire Record 1385598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73805

Using a data sample of 7.7 pb−1 collected with the CMD-3 detector at the VEPP-2000 e+e− collider we select about 2900 events of the process e+e−→pp¯ and measure its cross section at 12 energy points with about 6% systematic uncertainty. From the angular distribution of produced nucleons we obtain the ratio GE/GM .

2 data tables

The c.m. energy, beam energy shift, luminosity, number of selected $e^+e^- \to p\bar{p}$ events, detection efficiency, radiative correction, and cross section with statistical and systematic errors. The data for collinear type events.

The c.m. energy, luminosity, number of signal events, fraction of antiprotons stopped in beam pipe and DC inner shell, efficiency, cross section with statistical and systematic errors, for annihilation events.


Measurement of azimuthal asymmetries in inclusive charged dipion production in $e^+e^-$ annihilations at $\sqrt{s}$ = 3.65 GeV

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Ai, X.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 042001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1384778 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73802

We present a measurement of the azimuthal asymmetries of two charged pions in the inclusive process $e^+e^-\rightarrow \pi\pi X$ based on a data set of 62 $\rm{pb}^{-1}$ at the center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=3.65$ GeV collected with the BESIII detector. These asymmetries can be attributed to the Collins fragmentation function. We observe a nonzero asymmetry, which increases with increasing pion momentum. As our energy scale is close to that of the existing semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering experimental data, the measured asymmetries are important inputs for the global analysis of extracting the quark transversity distribution inside the nucleon and are valuable to explore the energy evolution of the spin-dependent fragmentation function.

2 data tables

Results of $A_{\rm UL}$ and $A_{\rm UC}$ in each ($z_{1},z_{2}$) and $p_{t}$ bin. The averages $\langle z_i\rangle$, $\langle p_t\rangle$ and $\rm \frac{\langle sin^2\theta_{2}\rangle }{\rm \langle 1+cos^2\theta_{2} \rangle }$ are also given.

Results of $A_{\rm UL}$ and $A_{\rm UC}$ in each ($z_{1},z_{2}$) and $p_{t}$ bin. The averages $\langle z_i\rangle$, $\langle p_t\rangle$ and $\rm \frac{\langle sin^2\theta_{2}\rangle }{\rm \langle 1+cos^2\theta_{2} \rangle }$ are also given.


Study of the $e^+e^-\to K^+K^-$ reaction in the energy range from 2.6 to 8.0 GeV

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D92 (2015) 072008, 2015.
Inspire Record 1383130 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73784

The e+e-→K+K- cross section and charged-kaon electromagnetic form factor are measured in the e+e- center-of-mass energy range (E) from 2.6 to 8.0 GeV using the initial-state radiation technique with an undetected photon. The study is performed using 469  fb-1 of data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II2 e+e- collider at center-of-mass energies near 10.6 GeV. The form factor is found to decrease with energy faster than 1/E2 and approaches the asymptotic QCD prediction. Production of the K+K- final state through the J/ψ and ψ(2S) intermediate states is observed. The results for the kaon form factor are used together with data from other experiments to perform a model-independent determination of the relative phases between electromagnetic (single-photon) and strong amplitudes in J/ψ and ψ(2S)→K+K- decays. The values of the branching fractions measured in the reaction e+e-→K+K- are shifted relative to their true values due to interference between resonant and nonresonant amplitudes. The values of these shifts are determined to be about ±5% for the J/ψ meson and ±15% for the ψ(2S) meson.

1 data table

The $K^+K^-$ invariant-mass interval ($M_{K^+K^-}$), number of selected events ($N_{\rm sig}$) after background subtraction, detection efficiency ($\varepsilon$), ISR luminosity ($L$), measured $e^+e^-\to K^+K^-$ cross section ($\sigma_{K^+K^-}$), and the charged-kaon form factor ($|F_K|$). For the number of events and cross section. For the form factor, we quote the combined uncertainty. For the mass interval 7.5 - 8.0 GeV/$c^2$, the 90$\%$ CL upper limits for the cross section and form factor are listed.


Observation of $Z_c(3900)^{0}$ in $e^+e^-\to\pi^0\pi^0 J/\psi$

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Ai, X.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 115 (2015) 112003, 2015.
Inspire Record 1377204 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73771

Using a data sample collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring, we observe a new neutral state Zc(3900)0 with a significance of 10.4σ. The mass and width are measured to be 3894.8±2.3±3.2  MeV/c2 and 29.6±8.2±8.2  MeV, respectively, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The Born cross section for e+e-→π0π0J/ψ and the fraction of it attributable to π0Zc(3900)0→π0π0J/ψ in the range Ec.m.=4.19–4.42  GeV are also determined. We interpret this state as the neutral partner of the four-quark candidate Zc(3900)±.

1 data table

Efficiencies, yields, $R=\frac{\sigma(e^+e^-\to\pi^0 Z_c(3900)^{0}\to\pi^0\pi^0 J/\psi)}{\sigma(e^+e^-\to\pi^0\pi^0 J/\psi)}$, and $\pi^0\pi^0 J/\psi$ Born cross sections at each energy point. For $N(Z_c^0)$ and $N(\pi^0\pi^0 J/\psi)$ errors and upper limits are statistical only. For $R$ and $\sigma_{\rm Born}$, the first errors and statistical and second errors are systematic. The statistical uncertainties on the efficiencies are negligible. Upper limits of $R$ (90$\%$ confidence level) include systematic errors.


Collins asymmetries in inclusive charged $KK$ and $K\pi$ pairs produced in $e^+e^-$ annihilation

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D92 (2015) 111101, 2015.
Inspire Record 1377201 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73750

We present measurements of Collins asymmetries in the inclusive process e+e-→h1h2X, h1h2=KK, Kπ, ππ, at the center-of-mass energy of 10.6 GeV, using a data sample of 468  fb-1 collected by the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II B factory at SLAC National Accelerator Center. Considering hadrons in opposite thrust hemispheres of hadronic events, we observe clear azimuthal asymmetries in the ratio of unlike sign to like sign, and unlike sign to all charged h1h2 pairs, which increase with hadron energies. The Kπ asymmetries are similar to those measured for the ππ pairs, whereas those measured for high-energy KK pairs are, in general, larger.

6 data tables

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for kaon pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the kaon in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second kaon are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{th}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{th})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF12 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $KK$ pair and dividing by the number of $KK$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for kaon pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the kaon in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second kaon are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{2}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{2})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF0 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $KK$ pair and dividing by the number of $KK$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for $K\pi$ hadron pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the hadron ($K$ or $\pi$) in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second hadron ($K$ or $\pi$) are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{th}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{th})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF12 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $K\pi$ pair and dividing by the number of $K\pi$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

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Measurement of $e^+e^- \to \gamma\chi_{cJ}$ via initial state radiation at Belle

The Belle collaboration Han, Y.L. ; Wang, X.L. ; Yuan, C.Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D92 (2015) 012011, 2015.
Inspire Record 1376480 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73745

The process e+e-→γχcJ (J=1, 2) is studied via initial state radiation using 980  fb-1 of data at and around the ϒ(nS) (n=1, 2, 3, 4, 5) resonances collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. No significant signal is observed except from ψ(2S) decays. Upper limits on the cross sections between s=3.80 and 5.56 GeV are determined at the 90% credibility level, which range from a few pb to a few tens of pb. We also set upper limits on the decay rate of the vector charmonium [ψ(4040), ψ(4160), and ψ(4415)] and charmoniumlike [Y(4260), Y(4360), and Y(4660)] states to γχcJ.

3 data tables

Upper limits on the $e^+e^-\to \gamma\chi_{cJ}$ cross sections.

Upper limits on $\Gamma_{ee} \times \mathcal{B}$ at the 90$\%$ C.L.

Upper limits on branching fractions $\mathcal{B}(R \to \gamma \chi_{cJ})$ at the 90$\%$ C.L.


A study of the b-quark fragmentation function with the DELPHI detector at LEP I and an averaged distribution obtained at the Z Pole

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C71 (2011) 1557, 2011.
Inspire Record 890503 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73739

The nature of b-quark jet hadronisation has been investigated using data taken at the Z peak by the DELPHI detector at LEP. Two complementary methods are used to reconstruct the energy of weakly decaying b-hadrons, E^weak_B. The average value of x^weak_B = E^weak_B/E_beam is measured to be 0.699 +/- 0.011. The resulting x^weak_B distribution is then analysed in the framework of two choices for the perturbative contribution (parton shower and Next to Leading Log QCD calculation) in order to extract measurements of the non-perturbative contribution to be used in studies of b-hadron production in other experimental environments than LEP. In the parton shower framework, data favour the Lund model ansatz and corresponding values of its parameters have been determined within PYTHIA~6.156 from DELPHI data: a= 1.84^{+0.23}_{-0.21} and b=0.642^{+0.073}_{-0.063} GeV^-2, with a correlation factor rho = 92.2%. Combining the data on the b-quark fragmentation distributions with those obtained at the Z peak by ALEPH, OPAL and SLD, the average value of x^weak_B is found to be 0.7092 +/- 0.0025 and the non-perturbative fragmentation component is extracted. Using the combined distribution, a better determination of the Lund parameters is also obtained: a= 1.48^{+0.11}_{-0.10} and b=0.509^{+0.024}_{-0.023} GeV^-2, with a correlation factor rho = 92.6%.

2 data tables

The combined unfolded and weighted results, per bin, for $f(x^{\rm weak}_{\rm B})$. Quoted uncertainties have been scaled by 1.31.

The average value of the $x^{\rm weak}_{\rm B}$ distribution.


Measurement of observables sensitive to coherence effects in hadronic Z decays with the OPAL detector at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Fischer, Nadine ; Gieseke, Stefan ; Kluth, Stefan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 571, 2015.
Inspire Record 1367303 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73695

A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397,000 $e^{+}e^{-}$ hadronic annihilation events collected at $\sqrt{s}=91$  GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions.

14 data tables

The normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the emission angle $\theta_{14}$.

The correlation matrix of the normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the emission angle $\theta_{14}$.

The normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the mass ratio $\rho=M_L^2/M_H^2$.

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Search for the isospin violating decay Y(4260)→J/ψηπ$^0$

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Ai, X.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D92 (2015) 012008, 2015.
Inspire Record 1366025 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73692

Using data samples collected at center-of-mass energies of s=4.009, 4.226, 4.257, 4.358, 4.416, and 4.599 GeV with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring, we search for the isospin violating decay Y(4260)→J/ψηπ0. No signal is observed, and upper limits on the cross section σ(e+e-→J/ψηπ0) at the 90% confidence level are determined to be 3.6, 1.7, 2.4, 1.4, 0.9, and 1.9 pb, respectively.

1 data table

Results on $e^{+}e^{-}\rightarrow J/\psi\eta\pi^{0}$. Listed in the table are the integrated luminosity $\cal{L}$, radiative correction factor (1+$\delta^{r}$) taken from QED calculation assuming the $Y(4260)$ cross section follows a Breit$-$Wigner line shape, vacuum polarization factor (1+$\delta^{v}$), average efficiency ($\epsilon^{ee}{\cal B}^{ee}$ + $\epsilon^{\mu\mu}{\cal B}^{\mu\mu}$), number of observed events $N^\text{obs}$, number of estimated background events $N^\text{bkg}$, the efficiency corrected upper limits on the number of signal events $N^\text{up}$, and upper limits on the Born cross section $\sigma^\text{Born}_\text{UL}$ (at the 90 $\%$ C.L.) at each energy point.


Measurement of the proton form factor by studying $e^{+} e^{-}\rightarrow p\bar{p}$

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Ai, X.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D91 (2015) 112004, 2015.
Inspire Record 1358937 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73442

Using data samples collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we measure the Born cross section of e+e-→pp¯ at 12 center-of-mass energies from 2232.4 to 3671.0 MeV. The corresponding effective electromagnetic form factor of the proton is deduced under the assumption that the electric and magnetic form factors are equal (|GE|=|GM|). In addition, the ratio of electric to magnetic form factors, |GE/GM|, and |GM| are extracted by fitting the polar angle distribution of the proton for the data samples with larger statistics, namely at s=2232.4 and 2400.0 MeV and a combined sample at s=3050.0, 3060.0 and 3080.0 MeV, respectively. The measured cross sections are in agreement with recent results from BABAR, improving the overall uncertainty by about 30%. The |GE/GM| ratios are close to unity and consistent with BABAR results in the same q2 region, which indicates the data are consistent with the assumption that |GE|=|GM| within uncertainties.

1 data table

Summary of the Born cross section $\sigma_\text{Born}$, the effective FF $|G|$, and the related variables used to calculate the Born cross sections at the different c.m.energies $\sqrt{s}$, where $N_\text{obs}$ is the number of candidate events, $N_\text{bkg}$ is the estimated background yield, $\varepsilon^\prime=\varepsilon\times(1+\delta)$ is the product of detection efficiency $\varepsilon$ and the radiative correction factor $(1+\delta)$, and $L$ is the integrated luminosity. The first errors are statistical, and the second systematic.


Measurement of the $e^{+}e^{-} \to \eta J/\psi$ cross section and search for $e^{+}e^{-} \to \pi^{0} J/\psi$ at center-of-mass energies between 3.810 and 4.600 GeV

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Ai, X.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D91 (2015) 112005, 2015.
Inspire Record 1355215 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73336

Using data samples collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII collider at 17 center-of-mass energies from 3.810 to 4.600 GeV, we perform a study of e+e-→ηJ/ψ and π0J/ψ. The Born cross sections of these two processes are measured at each center-of-mass energy. The measured energy-dependent Born cross section for e+e-→ηJ/ψ shows an enhancement around 4.2 GeV. The measurement is compatible with an earlier measurement by Belle.

3 data tables

Results on $e^{+}e^{-}\to\eta J/\psi$ in data samples in which a signal is observed with a statistical significance larger than $5\sigma$. The table shows the CM energy $\sqrt{s}$, integrated luminosity $\mathcal{L}_\mathrm{int}$, number of observed $\eta$ events $N^\mathrm{obs}_{\eta}(\mu^{+}\mu^{-})$/$N^\mathrm{obs}_{\eta}(e^{+}e^{-})$ from the fit, efficiency $\epsilon_{\mu}/\epsilon_{e}$, radiative correction factor $(1+\delta^{r})$, vacuum polarization factor $(1+\delta^{v})$, Born cross section $\sigma^{B}(\mu^{+}\mu^{-})$/$\sigma^{B}(e^{+}e^{-})$ and combined Born cross section $\sigma^{B}_\mathrm{Com}$. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

Upper limits of $e^{+}e^{-} \to \eta J/\psi$ using the $\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ mode. The table shows the CM energy $\sqrt{s}$, integrated luminosity $\mathcal{L}_\mathrm{int}$, number of observed $\eta$ events $N^\mathrm{sg}_{\eta}$, number of background from $\eta$ sideband $N^\mathrm{sb}_{\eta}$, and from $J/\psi$ sideband $N^\mathrm{sb}_{J/\psi}$, efficiency $\epsilon$, upper limit of signal number with the consideration of selection efficiency $N^\mathrm{up}_{\eta}/\epsilon$ (at the $90\%$ C.L.), radiative correction factor $(1+\delta^{r})$, vacuum polarization factor $(1+\delta^{v})$, Born cross section $\sigma^{B}$ and upper limit on the Born cross sections $\sigma^{B}_\mathrm{up}$ (at the $90\%$ C.L.). The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

Upper limits of $e^{+}e^{-} \to \pi^{0} J/\psi$. The table shows the number of observed events in the $\pi^{0}$ signal region $N^\mathrm{sg}$, number of events in $\pi^{0}$ sideband $N^\mathrm{sb}_{\pi^{0}}$, and in $J/\psi$ sideband $N^\mathrm{sb}_{J/\psi}$, efficiency $\epsilon$, the upper limit of signal events with the consideration of the selection efficiency $N^\mathrm{up}(\mu^{+}\mu^{-})/\epsilon$ (at the $90\%$ C.L.) and the upper limit of Born cross sections $\sigma^{B}_\mathrm{up}$ (at the $90\%$ C.L.).


Hyperon Production in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at 10-{GeV} Center-of-mass Energy

The ARGUS collaboration Albrecht, H. ; Binder, U. ; Bockmann, P. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C39 (1988) 177, 1988.
Inspire Record 251097 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1697
23 data tables

Hyperon rates per multihadronic event in direct UPSILON decays.

Hyperon rates per multihadronic event in the continuum.

LAMBDA spectrum (1/SIG(had))*D(SIG)/D(X) for UPSILON (1S) direct decays, with X = P/Pmax.

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Multi - Hadronic Events at E(c.m.) = 29-GeV and Predictions of QCD Models from E(c.m.) = 29-GeV to E(c.m.) = 93-GeV

Petersen, A. ; Abrams, G.S. ; Adolphsen, Chris ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D37 (1988) 1, 1988.
Inspire Record 246184 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4114

Multihadronic e+e− annihilation events at a center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV have been studied with both the original (PEP 5) Mark II and the upgraded Mark II detectors. Detector-corrected distributions from global shape analyses such as aplanarity, Q2-Q1, sphericity, thrust, minor value, oblateness, and jet masses, and inclusive charged-particle distributions including x, rapidity, p⊥, and particle flow are presented. These distributions are compared with predictions from various multihadron event models which use leading-logarithmic shower evolution or QCD matrix elements at the parton level and string or cluster fragmentation for hadronization. The new generation of parton-shower models gives, on the average, a better description of the data than the previous parton-shower models. The energy behavior of these models is compared to existing e+e− data. The predictions of the models at a center-of-mass energy of 93 GeV, roughly the expected mass of the Z0, are also presented.

74 data tables

Aplanarity distribution.

QX Distribution(QX=SQRT(3)*(Q3-Q2)).

The (Q2-Q1) distribution.

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Measurement of $e^+e^- \to \pi^+\pi^-\psi(2S)$ via Initial State Radiation at Belle

The Belle collaboration Wang, X.L. ; Yuan, C.Z. ; Shen, C.P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D91 (2015) 112007, 2015.
Inspire Record 1324785 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71501

We report measurement of the cross section of e+e-→π+π-ψ(2S) between 4.0 and 5.5 GeV, based on an analysis of initial state radiation events in a 980  fb−1 data sample recorded with the Belle detector. The properties of the Y(4360) and Y(4660) states are determined. Fitting the mass spectrum of π+π-ψ(2S) with two coherent Breit-Wigner functions, we find two solutions with identical mass and width but different couplings to electron-positron pairs: MY(4360)=(4347±6±3)  MeV/c2, ΓY(4360)=(103±9±5)  MeV, MY(4660)=(4652±10±8)  MeV/c2, ΓY(4660)=(68±11±1)  MeV; and B[Y(4360)→π+π-ψ(2S)]·ΓY(4360)e+e-=(10.9±0.6±0.7)  eV and B[Y(4660)→π+π-ψ(2S)]·ΓY(4660)e+e-=(8.1±1.1±0.5)  eV for one solution; or B[Y(4360)→π+π-ψ(2S)]·ΓY(4360)e+e-=(9.2±0.6±0.6)  eV and B[Y(4660)→π+π-ψ(2S)]·ΓY(4660)e+e-=(2.0±0.3±0.2)  eV for the other. Here, the first errors are statistical and the second systematic. Evidence for a charged charmoniumlike structure at 4.05  GeV/c2 is observed in the π±ψ(2S) intermediate state in the Y(4360) decays.

1 data table

Measured $e^+e^- \to \pi^+\pi^-\psi(2S)$ cross section for center of mass energy ($E_{\rm cm}$) from 4.0 GeV/$c^2$ to 5.5 GeV/$c^2$. The errors are the sums of statistical errors of signal and background events and the systematic errors.


Measurement of the $e^+e^- \to \eta\pi^+\pi^-$ cross section in the center-of-mass energy range 1.22-2.00 GeV with the SND detector at the VEPP-2000 collider

The SND collaboration Aulchenko, V.M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Barnyakov, A.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D91 (2015) 052013, 2015.
Inspire Record 1332929 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73176

<p>In the experiment with the SND detector at the VEPP-2000 <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:msup><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math></inline-formula> collider the cross section for the process <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:msup><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>η</mml:mi><mml:msup><mml:mi>π</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>π</mml:mi><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math></inline-formula> has been measured in the center-of-mass energy range from 1.22 to 2.00 GeV. Obtained results are in agreement with previous measurements and have better accuracy. The energy dependence of the <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>e</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>e</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>η</mml:mi><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>π</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>π</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> cross section has been fitted with the vector-meson dominance model. From this fit the product of the branching fractions <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>B</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mi>ρ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>1450</mml:mn><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>η</mml:mi><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>π</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>π</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo><mml:mi>B</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mi>ρ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>1450</mml:mn><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>e</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>e</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> has been extracted and compared with the same products for <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>ρ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>1450</mml:mn><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>ω</mml:mi><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>π</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mn>0</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> and <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>ρ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>1450</mml:mn><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>π</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>π</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> decays. The obtained cross section data have been also used to test the conservation of vector current hypothesis.</p>

1 data table

The c.m. energy ($\sqrt{s}$), integrated luminosity ($L$), detection efficiency ($\varepsilon$), number of selected signal events ($N$), radiative-correction factor ($1 + \delta$), measured $e^+e^- \to \eta \pi^+\pi^-$ Born cross section ($\sigma_B$). For the number of events and cross section the statistical error is quoted. The systematic uncertainty on the cross section is 8.3% at $\sqrt{s}<1.45$ GeV, 5.0% at $1.45<\sqrt{s}<1.60$ GeV, and 7.8% at $\sqrt{s}>1.60$ GeV.


Evidence for $e^+e^-\to\gamma\chi_{c1, 2}$ at center-of-mass energies from 4.009 to 4.360 GeV

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Ai, X.C. ; et al.
Chin.Phys. C39 (2015) 041001, 2015.
Inspire Record 1329785 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72880

Using data samples collected at center-of-mass energies of √s = 4.009, 4.230, 4.260, and 4.360 GeV with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII collider, we perform a search for the process e(+)e(−) → γχ(c)J (J=0, 1, 2) and find evidence for e(+)e(−) → γχ(c1) and e(+)e(−) → γχ(c2) with statistical significances of 3.0σ and 3.4σ, respectively. The Born cross sections σ(B)(e(+)e(−) → γχ(c)J), as well as their upper limits at the 90% confidence level (C.L.) are determined at each center-of-mass energy.

3 data tables

The results on $e^+e^-\to\gamma\chi_{c0}$ Born cross section measurement. Shown in the table are the significance $\sigma$, detection efficiency $\epsilon$, number of signal events from the fits N$^{\rm obs}$, radiative correction factor ($1+\delta^{r}$), vacuum polarization factor ($1+\delta^{v}$), upper limit (at the 90$\%$ C.L.) on the number of signal events N$^{\rm UP}$, Born cross section $\sigma^{B}$ and upper limit (at the 90$\%$ C.L.) on the Born cross section $\sigma^{\rm UP}$ at different CME points. Numbers taken from journal version: some slight differences with respect to arXiv:1411.6336v1 in last two columns.

The results on $e^+e^-\to\gamma\chi_{c1}$ Born cross section measurement. Shown in the table are the significance $\sigma$, detection efficiency $\epsilon$, number of signal events from the fits N$^{\rm obs}$, radiative correction factor ($1+\delta^{r}$), vacuum polarization factor ($1+\delta^{v}$), upper limit (at the 90$\%$ C.L.) on the number of signal events N$^{\rm UP}$, Born cross section $\sigma^{B}$ and upper limit (at the 90$\%$ C.L.) on the Born cross section $\sigma^{\rm UP}$ at different CME points.

The results on $e^+e^-\to\gamma\chi_{c2}$ Born cross section measurement. Shown in the table are the significance $\sigma$, detection efficiency $\epsilon$, number of signal events from the fits N$^{\rm obs}$, radiative correction factor ($1+\delta^{r}$), vacuum polarization factor ($1+\delta^{v}$), upper limit (at the 90$\%$ C.L.) on the number of signal events N$^{\rm UP}$, Born cross section $\sigma^{B}$ and upper limit (at the 90$\%$ C.L.) on the Born cross section $\sigma^{\rm UP}$ at different CME points.


Measurement of the b quark fragmentation function in Z0 decays

The SLD collaboration Abe, Koya ; Abe, Kenji ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D65 (2002) 092006, 2002.
Inspire Record 582951 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72835

We present a measurement of the b-quark inclusive fragmentation function in Z0 decays using a novel kinematic B-hadron energy reconstruction technique. The measurement was performed using 350,000 hadronic Z0 events recorded in the SLD experiment at SLAC between 1997 and 1998. We compared the sacled B-hadron energy distribution with models of b-quark fragmentation and with several ad hoc functional forms. A number of models and functions are excluded by the data. The average scaled energy of weakly-decaying B hadrons was measured to be <x_B>= 0.709 +-0.003 (stat) +-0.003 (syst) +-0.002 (model).

2 data tables

DATA FROM THE ERRATUM (PR D66,079905,2002). Measurement of the fragmentation function of weakly decaying B-hadrons in Z0 decays. First systematic (DSYS) error is the systematic error, the second is the estimated error due to the model dependence of the unfolding procedure.

DATA FROM ORIGINAL PAPER, SUPERSEDED BY ERRATUM (SEE ABOVE TABLE). Measurement of the fragmentation function of weakly decaying B-hadrons in Z0 decays. First systematic (DSYS) error is the systematic error, the second is the estimated error due to the model dependence of the unfolding procedure.