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Measurement of the total cross section and $\rho$-parameter from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration
CERN-EP-2022-129, 2022.
Inspire Record 2122408 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.128017

In a special run of the LHC with $\beta^\star = 2.5~$km, proton-proton elastic-scattering events were recorded at $\sqrt{s} = 13~$TeV with an integrated luminosity of $340~\mu \textrm{b}^{-1}$ using the ALFA subdetector of ATLAS in 2016. The elastic cross section was measured differentially in the Mandelstam $t$ variable in the range from $-t = 2.5 \cdot 10^{-4}~$GeV$^{2}$ to $-t = 0.46~$GeV$^{2}$ using 6.9 million elastic-scattering candidates. This paper presents measurements of the total cross section $\sigma_{\textrm{tot}}$, parameters of the nuclear slope, and the $\rho$-parameter defined as the ratio of the real part to the imaginary part of the elastic-scattering amplitude in the limit $t \rightarrow 0$. These parameters are determined from a fit to the differential elastic cross section using the optical theorem and different parameterizations of the $t$-dependence. The results for $\sigma_{\textrm{tot}}$ and $\rho$ are \begin{equation*} \sigma_{\textrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = \mbox{104.7} \pm 1.1 \; \mbox{mb} , \; \; \; \rho = \mbox{0.098} \pm 0.011 . \end{equation*} The uncertainty in $\sigma_{\textrm{tot}}$ is dominated by the luminosity measurement, and in $\rho$ by imperfect knowledge of the detector alignment and by modelling of the nuclear amplitude.

11 data tables

The measured total cross section. The systematic uncertainty includes experimental and theoretical uncerainties.

The rho-parameter, i.e. the ratio of the real to imaginary part of the elastic scattering amplitude extrapolated to t=0. The systematic uncertainty includes experimental and theoretical uncerainties.

The nuclear slope parameter B from a fit of the form exp(-Bt-Ct^2-Dt^3). The systematic uncertainty includes experimental and theoretical uncerainties.

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Single Spin Asymmetry $A_N$ in Polarized Proton-Proton Elastic Scattering at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Agakishiev, G. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 719 (2013) 62-69, 2013.
Inspire Record 1117881 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102952

We report a high precision measurement of the transverse single spin asymmetry $A_N$ at the center of mass energy $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV in elastic proton-proton scattering by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The $A_N$ was measured in the four-momentum transfer squared $t$ range $0.003 \leqslant |t| \leqslant 0.035$ $\GeVcSq$, the region of a significant interference between the electromagnetic and hadronic scattering amplitudes. The measured values of $A_N$ and its $t$-dependence are consistent with a vanishing hadronic spin-flip amplitude, thus providing strong constraints on the ratio of the single spin-flip to the non-flip amplitudes. Since the hadronic amplitude is dominated by the Pomeron amplitude at this $\sqrt{s}$, we conclude that this measurement addresses the question about the presence of a hadronic spin flip due to the Pomeron exchange in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering.

3 data tables

The asymmetry $\varepsilon(\varphi)/(P_B + P_Y)$ for various $t$-intervals.

The measured single spin asymmetry $A_N$ for five $-t$ intervals.

Fitted value of $r_5$.


K+ p Interactions Near 3-GeV/c. 2. Baryon Resonance Production

Musgrave, B. ; Peeters, P. ; Schreiner, P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 87 (1975) 365-398, 1975.
Inspire Record 1720 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1112

Baryon resonance production in quasi-two-body reactions has been studied for the channels K + p→K°p π + , K + n π + and K + p π ° at beam momenta of 2.53, 2.76 and 3.20 GeV/ c . The production cross sections, four-momentum transfer distributions and density matrix elements are given for the Δ(1236), N ∗ (1400), N ∗ (1500) and N ∗ (1680) states. The reaction K + p→K° Δ ++ (1236) is compared to the line reversed reaction K − n → K °Δ − and the charge-exchange SU(3) sum rule for pseudo-scalar meson plus Δ(1236) is tested.

7 data tables

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Comparison of Exclusive Reactions at Large $T$

Baller, B.R. ; Blazey, G.C. ; Courant, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 1118-1121, 1988.
Inspire Record 264273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3063

Cross sections or upper limits are reported for 12 meson-baryon and two baryon-baryon reactions for an incident momentum of 9.9 GeV/c, near 90° c.m.: π±p→pπ±,pp±,π+°±,K+Σ±, (Λ0/Σ0)K0; K±p→pK±; p±p→pp. By studying the flavor dependence of the different reactions, we have been able to isolate the quark-interchange mechanism as dominant over gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation.

2 data tables

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Cross-Sections of Annihilation and Inelastic Final States for anti-p p Interactions at 9.1-GeV/c

The LIVERPOOL-STOCKHOLM collaboration Gregory, P.S. ; Johnson, P. ; Mason, P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 119 (1977) 60-76, 1977.
Inspire Record 123859 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8340

Topological and channel cross sections are given for annihilation and inelastic final states produced in p p interactions at 9.1 GeV/c. Cross sections for prominent resonances in specific channels and charged pion, ϱ 0 and Δ ++ inclusive cross sections are also presented.

6 data tables

No description provided.

FITTED FORWARD D(SIG)/DT = 153 +- 8 MB/GEV**2.

CHANNEL CROSS SECTIONS FOR 2, 4, 6, AND 8 PRONG REACTIONS.

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Measurement of the Polarization of the Proton Proton Elastic Reaction at Small Scattering Angles Between 940-{MeV} and 2440-{MeV}

Dalla Torre-Colautti, S. ; Birsa, R. ; Bradamante, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 505 (1989) 561-582, 1989.
Inspire Record 288841 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36886

We have measured the asymmetry of elastic pp scattering at small scattering angles (30–100 mrad) in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region, using the polarized proton beam of Saturne II, a segmented scintillator active target, and two telescopes of multiwire proportional chambers. Results are given at four energies — 940, 1000, 1320 and 2440 MeV-and are compared with phase-shift calculations.

4 data tables

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K-minus-p interactions from 594 to 820 mev/c

Bertanza, L. ; Bigi, A. ; Carrara, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 177 (1969) 2036-2047, 1969.
Inspire Record 55654 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70773

K−−p interactions in the Columbia-BNL 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber were studied at nine momenta from 594 to 820 MeVc. The results for elastic-scattering and zero-prong-plus-V0 events are presented here. Differential cross sections are given for the K−p, K¯0n, and Λπ0 final states. A fit to the K¯N channels was obtained which shows the effects of a 32− resonance at 1701 MeV. This energy is appreciably displaced from the peak in the inelastic cross section.

5 data tables

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Large-Angle Elastic Scattering of Negative Pions by Protons at 1.51, 2.01, and 2.53 Bev/c

Lai, Kwan Wu ;
PhD Thesis, Michigan U., 1963.
Inspire Record 1408825 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70519

The differential elastic scattering cross sections for negative pions on ; protons were measured at incident momenta of 1.51, 2.01, and 2.53 Bev/c with ; emphasis on the angular region outside the diffraction peak. The purpose of the ; experiment was to examine the behavior of the largeangle differential elastic ; cross section as a function of energy from the energy of the highest known ; resonance in the pion-nucleon system into the region where the total. cross ; sections appear to be approaching an asymptotic value. The experiment was ; performed at the Bevatron, using a luminescent chamber system to photograph the ; tracks of the scattered pion and the recoil proton from a liquid hydrogen target. ; A total of 2412 elastic scatterings were analyzed at 1.51 Bev/c, 1300 events at ; 2.01 Bev/c, and 1080 events at 2.53 Bev/c. From the existing data it may be ; noted that the backward bump, which has a maximum height of 2.1 mb/sr at 900 Mev ; and 1.1 mb/sr at 1020 Mev, is down to 0.4 mb/sr at 1.51 Bev/c (1.37 Bev), and is ; not present at 2.01 or 2.53 Bev/c. The angular distributions behind the ; diffraction peak at 2.01 and 2.53 Bev/c are rougly constant, decreasing from 0.18 ; mb/sr at 2.01 Bev/c to 0.125 mb/sr at 2.53 Bev/c. Although the data can be taken ; to suggest some oscillatory structure in this region, they are not inconsistent ; with an isotropic distribution that might be interpreted as evidence for an S-; wave scattering behind the diffraction peak. Large-Angle Elastic Scattering of Negative Pions by Protons at 1.51, 2.01, and 2.53 Bev/c.

3 data tables

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Elastic scattering of low energy photons by protons and electromagnetic polarizability of proton

Baranov, P.S. ; Buinov, G.M. ; Godin, V.G. ; et al.
Pisma Zh.Eksp.Teor.Fiz. 19 (1974) 777-780, 1974.
Inspire Record 96876 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70437

None

3 data tables

Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (?////UNCERTAINTY IN DATA PROCESSING).

Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (?////UNCERTAINTY IN DATA PROCESSING).

No description provided.