Improving constraints on gluon spin-momentum correlations in transversely polarized protons via midrapidity open-heavy-flavor electrons in $p^{\uparrow}+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Acharya, U.A. ; Aidala, C. ; Akiba, Y. ; et al.
2022.
Inspire Record 2072832 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.130883

Polarized proton-proton collisions provide leading-order access to gluons, presenting an opportunity to constrain gluon spin-momentum correlations within transversely polarized protons and enhance our understanding of the three-dimensional structure of the proton. Midrapidity open-heavy-flavor production at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV is dominated by gluon-gluon fusion, providing heightened sensitivity to gluon dynamics relative to other production channels. Transverse single-spin asymmetries of electrons and positrons from heavy-flavor hadron decays are measured at midrapidity using the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. These charge-separated measurements are sensitive to gluon correlators that can in principle be related to gluon orbital angular momentum via model calculations. Explicit constraints on gluon correlators are extracted for two separate models, one of which had not been constrained previously.

1 data table

Data from Figure 1 of open heavy flavor $e^{\pm}$ transverse single-spin asymmetries in transversely polarized p+p collisions as a function of $p_{T}$.


Version 2
Beauty production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 2.76 TeV measured via semi-electronic decays

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 738 (2014) 97-108, 2014.
Inspire Record 1296861 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.858

The ALICE collaboration at the LHC reports measurement of the inclusive production cross section of electrons from semi-leptonic decays of beauty hadrons with rapidity $|y|<0.8$ and transverse momentum $1<p_{\mathrm{T}}<10$ GeV/$c$, in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 2.76 TeV. Electrons not originating from semi-electronic decay of beauty hadrons are suppressed using the impact parameter of the corresponding tracks. The production cross section of beauty decay electrons is compared to the result obtained with an alternative method which uses the distribution of the azimuthal angle between heavy-flavour decay electrons and charged hadrons. Perturbative QCD calculations agree with the measured cross section within the experimental and theoretical uncertainties. The integrated visible cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{b} \rightarrow \mathrm{e}} = 3.47\pm0.40(\mathrm{stat})^{+1.12}_{-1.33}(\mathrm{sys})\pm0.07(\mathrm{norm}) \mu$b, was extrapolated to full phase space using Fixed Order plus Next-to-Leading Log (FONLL) predictions to obtain the total b$\bar{\mathrm{b}}$ production cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{b\bar{b}}} = 130\pm15.1(\mathrm{stat})^{+42.1}_{-49.8}(\mathrm{sys})^{+3.4}_{-3.1}(\mathrm{extr})\pm2.5(\mathrm{norm})\pm4.4(\mathrm{BR}) \mu$b.

8 data tables

Azimuthal correlation distribution between heavy-flavour decay electrons and charged hadrons, scaled by the number of electrons in minimum bias triggered events in the electron transverse momentum range 1.5-2.5 GeV/c.

Azimuthal correlation distribution between heavy-flavour decay electrons and charged hadrons, scaled by the number of electrons in EMCal triggered events in the electron transverse momentum range 4.5-6 GeV/c.

Relative beauty contribution to the heavy-flavour electron yield obtained with the method based on the track impact parameter.

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Version 2
Measurement of electrons from beauty hadron decays in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 721 (2013) 13-23, 2013.
Inspire Record 1126962 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61625

The production cross section of electrons from semileptonic decays of beauty hadrons was measured at mid-rapidity (|y| < 0.8) in the transverse momentum range $1 < p_{\rm T} < 8$ Gev/$c$ with the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC in pp collisions at a center of mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV using an integrated luminosity of 2.2 nb$^{-1}$. Electrons from beauty hadron decays were selected based on the displacement of the decay vertex from the collision vertex. A perturbative QCD calculation agrees with the measurement within uncertainties. The data were extrapolated to the full phase space to determine the total cross section for the production of beauty quark-antiquark pairs.

1 data table

Double differential cross section for charm and beauty electron production as a function of transverse momentum. The systematic error does not include the error on the Luminosity (3.5%).


Version 2
Production of D*+- Mesons with Dijets in Deep-Inelastic Scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Aktas, A. ; Andreev, V. ; Anthonis, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 51 (2007) 271-287, 2007.
Inspire Record 736052 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.45686

Inclusive D* production is measured in deep-inelastic ep scattering at HERA with the H1 detector. In addition, the production of dijets in events with a D* meson is investigated. The analysis covers values of photon virtuality 2< Q^2 <=100 GeV^2 and of inelasticity 0.05<= y <= 0.7. Differential cross sections are measured as a function of Q^2 and x and of various D* meson and jet observables. Within the experimental and theoretical uncertainties all measured cross sections are found to be adequately described by next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD calculations, based on the photon-gluon fusion process and DGLAP evolution, without the need for an additional resolved component of the photon beyond what is included at NLO. A reasonable description of the data is also achieved by a prediction based on the CCFM evolution of partons involving the k_T-unintegrated gluon distribution of the proton.

31 data tables

Visible cross section for inclusive D*+- production.

Visible cross section for inclusive D*+- production with two jets.

Ratio of visible cross sections of inclusive D*+- production with and without the two jets.

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Version 2
Forward jet and particle production at HERA

The H1 collaboration Adloff, C. ; Anderson, M. ; Andreev, V. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 538 (1999) 3-22, 1999.
Inspire Record 476801 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.44172

Single particles and jets in deeply inelastic scattering at low x are measured with the H1 detector in the region away from the current jet and towards the proton remnant, known as the forward region. Hadronic final state measurements in this region are expected to be particularly sensitive to QCD evolution effects. Jet cross-sections are presented as a function of Bjorken-x for forward jets produced with a polar angle to the proton direction, theta, in the range 7 < theta < 20 degrees. Azimuthal correlations are studied between the forward jet and the scattered lepton. Charged and neutral single particle production in the forward region are measured as a function of Bjorken-x, in the range 5 < theta < 25 degrees, for particle transverse momenta larger than 1 GeV. QCD based Monte Carlo predictions and analytical calculations based on BFKL, CCFM and DGLAP evolution are compared to the data. Predictions based on the DGLAP approach fail to describe the data, except for those which allow for a resolved photon contribution.

11 data tables

Forward Jet cross section. Axis error includes +- 7/7 contribution (Dependence of the model used to correct the data).

Forward Di-jet cross section. Axis error includes +- 7/7 contribution (Dependence of the model used to correct the data).

Data from Figure 3a on charged particle production

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Version 2
Neutral strange particle production in deep inelastic scattering at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Derrick, M. ; Krakauer, D. ; Magill, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 68 (1995) 29-42, 1995.
Inspire Record 395196 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.44998

This paper presents measurements of \k\ and \lam\ production in neutral current, deep inelastic scattering of 26.7 GeV electrons and 820 GeV protons in the kinematic range $ 10 < Q~{2} < 640 $ GeV$~2$, $0.0003 < x < 0.01$, and $y > 0.04$. Average multiplicities for \k\ and \lam\ production are determined for transverse momenta \ \ptr\ $> 0.5 $ GeV and pseudorapidities $\left| \eta \right| < 1.3$. The multiplicities favour a stronger strange to light quark suppression in the fragmentation chain than found in $e~+ e~-$ experiments. The production properties of \k's in events with and without a large rapidity gap with respect to the proton direction are compared. The ratio of neutral \k's to charged particles per event in the measured kinematic range is, within the present statistics, the same in both samples.

12 data tables

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Version 2
Transverse momentum and centrality dependence of high-$p_T$ non-photonic electron suppression in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$\,GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 192301, 2007.
Inspire Record 721275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41842

The STAR collaboration at RHIC reports measurements of the inclusive yield of non-photonic electrons, which arise dominantly from semi-leptonic decays of heavy flavor mesons, over a broad range of transverse momenta ($1.2 < \pt < 10$ \gevc) in \pp, \dAu, and \AuAu collisions at \sqrtsNN = 200 GeV. The non-photonic electron yield exhibits unexpectedly large suppression in central \AuAu collisions at high \pt, suggesting substantial heavy quark energy loss at RHIC. The centrality and \pt dependences of the suppression provide constraints on theoretical models of suppression.

7 data tables

Non photonic electron yield in P+P collisions versus $p_{T}$. To obtain a differential cross-section in mb/(GeV$^2$), multiply listed data by 30.

Non photonic electron yield in minimum bias D+AU collisions versus $p_{T}$.

Non photonic electron yield in Au+Au collisions versus $p_{T}$, for a centrality range of 40-80%.

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Measurement of the differential Drell-Yan cross section in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{\mathrm{s}} $ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 12 (2019) 059, 2019.
Inspire Record 1711625 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88043

Measurements of the differential cross section for the Drell-Yan process, based on proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment, are presented. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.8 (2.3) fb$^{-1}$ in the dimuon (dielectron) channel. The total and fiducial cross section measurements are presented as a function of dilepton invariant mass in the range 15 to 3000 GeV, and compared with the perturbative predictions of the standard model. The measured differential cross sections are in good agreement with the theoretical calculations.

10 data tables

Summary of the systematic uncertainties (%) for the $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) measurement in the dimuon channel. The column labelled "Total" corresponds to the quadratic sum of all the experimental sources, except for that Acceptance+PDF.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties (%) for the $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) measurement in the dielectron channel. The column labelled "Total" corresponds to the quadratic sum of all the experimental sources, except for that Acceptance+PDF.

Summary of the measured values of $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) in the dimuon channel with the statistical ($\delta_{\text{stat}}$), experimental ($\delta_{\text{exp}}$) and theoretical ($\delta_{\text{theo}}$) uncertainties, respectively. Here, $\delta_{\text{tot}}$ is the quadratic sum of the three components.

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Inclusive electron nucleus scattering at high momentum transfer

Day, D.B. ; McCarthy, J.S. ; Meziani, Z.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 48 (1993) 1849-1863, 1993.
Inspire Record 365224 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6186

The response function of nuclei in the quasielastic region at large momentum transfer (q≤10 fm−1) is measured for a series of nuclei, He4, C12, Al27, Fe56, and Au197, up to large values of the Bjorken scaling variables x<2.5.

23 data tables

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Measurement of differential cross sections for charge exchange of $\pi^{-}$ mesons in carbon at 40 GeV/c

Apokin, V.D. ; Vasiliev, A.N. ; Matulenko, Yu.A. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 36 (1982) 694-697, 1982.
Inspire Record 178549 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.10721
4 data tables

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