Update of the ALEPH non-strange spectral functions from hadronic $\tau$ decays

Davier, Michel ; Höcker, Andreas ; Malaescu, Bogdan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 74 (2014) 2803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1267648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77010

An update of the ALEPH non-strange spectral functions from hadronic $\tau$ decays is presented. Compared to the 2005 ALEPH publication, the main improvement is related to the use of a new method to unfold the measured mass spectra from detector effects. This procedure also corrects a previous problem in the correlations between the unfolded mass bins. Results from QCD studies and for the evaluation of the hadronic vacuum polarisation contribution to the anomalous muon magnetic moment are derived using the new spectral functions. They are found in agreement with published results based on the previous set of spectral functions.

23 data tables

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 25.471%

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi 2\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 9.239%

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi 3\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 0.977%

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Measurement of the b quark fragmentation function in Z0 decays

The SLD collaboration Abe, Koya ; Abe, Kenji ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 65 (2002) 092006, 2002.
Inspire Record 582951 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72835

We present a measurement of the b-quark inclusive fragmentation function in Z0 decays using a novel kinematic B-hadron energy reconstruction technique. The measurement was performed using 350,000 hadronic Z0 events recorded in the SLD experiment at SLAC between 1997 and 1998. We compared the sacled B-hadron energy distribution with models of b-quark fragmentation and with several ad hoc functional forms. A number of models and functions are excluded by the data. The average scaled energy of weakly-decaying B hadrons was measured to be <x_B>= 0.709 +-0.003 (stat) +-0.003 (syst) +-0.002 (model).

2 data tables

DATA FROM THE ERRATUM (PR D66,079905,2002). Measurement of the fragmentation function of weakly decaying B-hadrons in Z0 decays. First systematic (DSYS) error is the systematic error, the second is the estimated error due to the model dependence of the unfolding procedure.

DATA FROM ORIGINAL PAPER, SUPERSEDED BY ERRATUM (SEE ABOVE TABLE). Measurement of the fragmentation function of weakly decaying B-hadrons in Z0 decays. First systematic (DSYS) error is the systematic error, the second is the estimated error due to the model dependence of the unfolding procedure.


Study of charm production in Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Decamp, D. ; Ghez, Philippe ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 16 (2000) 597-611, 2000.
Inspire Record 507422 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49183

The production rates of D*+-, Ds*+-, D+-, D0 / D0bar, Ds+, and Lambda_c in Z to ccbar decays are measured using the LEP I data sample recorded by the ALEPH detector. The fractional energy spectrum of the D*+- is well described as the sum of three contributions: charm hadronisation, b hadron decays and gluon splitting into a pair of heavy quarks. The probability for a c quark to hadronise into a D*+ is found to be f(c to D*+) = 0.233 +- 0.010 (stat.) +- 0.011 (syst.). The average fraction of the beam energy carried by D*+- mesons in Z to cc events is measured to be < X_E (D*+-) >_cc = 0.4878 +- 0.0046 (stat.) +- 0.0061 (syst.). The D*+- energy and the hemisphere mass imbalance distributions are simultaneously used to measure the fraction of hadronic Z decays in which a gluon splits to a cc pair: n_{gluon to cc} = (3.23 +- 0.48 (stat.) +- 0.53 (syst.) %. The ratio of the Vector/(Vector+Pseudoscalar) production rates in charmed mesons is found to be P_V = 0.595 +- 0.045. The fractional decay width of the Z into cc pairs is determined from the sum of the production rates for various weakly decaying charmed states to be Rc = 0.1738 +- 0.0047 (stat.) +- 0.0116 (syst.).

3 data tables

The differential D*+- production rate. Statistical errors only.

The multiplicity of D*+- events using a MC shape to do the very small extrapolation over the entire X range.

Fraction of hadronic Z0 decays into charm quark pairs summing all the contributions of the fundamental charmed states and including a contribution from baryons not decaying to LAMBDA/C+. The second DSYS error is due to the uncertainty in the branching ratio.


Inclusive analysis of the b quark fragmentation function in Z decays at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Akesson, P.F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 29 (2003) 463-478, 2003.
Inspire Record 599181 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43196

A study of b quark hadronisation is presented using inclusively reconstructed B hadrons in about four million hadronic Z decays recorded in 1992-2000 with the OPAL detector at LEP. The data are compared to different theoretical models, and fragmentation function parameters of these models are fitted. The average scaled energy of weakly decaying B hadrons is determined to be &lt;xe>=0.7193+-0.0016(stat)+0.0036-0.0031(syst)

4 data tables

No description provided.

Correlation matrix of statistical uncertainties.

Correlation matrix of positive systematic uncertainties.

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Precise measurement of the b quark fragmentation function in Z0 boson decays

The SLD collaboration Abe, Kenji ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 4300-4304, 2000.
Inspire Record 512427 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19428

We have developed a new technique for inclusive reconstruction of the energy of B hadrons. The excellent efficiency and resolution of this technique allow us to make the most precise determination of the b-quark fragmentation function, using e+e- -> Z0 decays recorded in the SLD experiment at SLAC. We compared our measurement with the predictions of a number of fragmentation models. We excluded several of these models and measured the average scaled energy of weakly-decaying B hadrons to be <x_B>=0.714+-0.005(stat)+-0.007(syst) +-0.002(model dependence).

1 data table

Unfolded distribution of weakly decaying scaled B-hadron enery with statistical errors only.


Production of pi+, pi-, K+, K-, p and anti-p in light (uds), c and b jets from Z0 decays

The SLD collaboration Abe, Koya ; Abe, Kenji ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 69 (2004) 072003, 2004.
Inspire Record 630327 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22177

We present improved measurements of the differential production rates of stable charged particles in hadronic Z0 decays, and of charged pions, kaons and protons identified over a wide momentum range using the SLD Cherenkov Ring Imaging Detector. In addition to flavor-inclusive Z0 decays, measurements are made for Z0 decays into light (u, d, s), c and b primary flavors, selected using the upgraded Vertex Detector. Large differences between the flavors are observed that are qualitatively consistent with expectations based upon previously measured production and decay properties of heavy hadrons. These results are used to test the predictions of QCD in the Modified Leading Logarithm Approximation, with the ansatz of Local Parton-Hadron Duality, and the predictions of three models of the hadronization process. The light-flavor results provide improved tests of these predictions, as they do not include the contribution of heavy-hadron production and decay; the heavy-flavor results provide complementary model tests. In addition we have compared hadron and antihadron production in light quark (as opposed to antiquark) jets. Differences are observed at high momentum for all three charged hadron species, providing direct probes of leading particle effects, and stringent constraints on models.

11 data tables

Production rates of all stable charged particles. The statistical and systematic errors are shown separately for the momentum distribution. They are combined in quadrature for the other two distributions. The first DSYS error is due tothe uncertainty in the track finding efficiency and the second DSYS error is th e rest of the systematic error.

The charged pion fraction and differential production rate per hadronic Z0 decay.

The charged kaon fraction and differential production rate per hadronic Z0 decay.

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Particle multiplicity of unbiased gluon jets from $e^{+} e^{-}$ three jet events

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Akesson, P.F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 23 (2002) 597-613, 2002.
Inspire Record 565517 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49742

The charged particle multiplicities of two- and three-jet events from the reaction e+e- -> Z0 -> hadrons are measured for Z0 decays to light quark (uds) flavors. Using recent theoretical expressions to account for biases from event selection, results corresponding to unbiased gluon jets are extracted over a range of jet energies from about 11 to 30 GeV. We find consistency between these results and direct measurements of unbiased gluon jet multiplicity from upsilon and Z0 decays. The unbiased gluon jet data including the direct measurements are compared to corresponding results for quark jets. We perform fits based on analytic expressions for particle multiplicity in jets to determine the ratio r = Ng/Nq of multiplicities between gluon and quark jets as a function of energy. We also determine the ratio of slopes, r(1) = (dNg/dy)/(dNq/dy), and of curvatures, r(2) = (d2Ng/dy2)/(d2Nq/dy2), where y specifies the energy scale. At 30 GeV, we find r = 1.422 +/- 0.051, r(1) = 1.761 +/- 0.071 and r(2) = 1.98 +/- 0.13, where the uncertainties are the statistical and systematic terms added in quadrature. These results are in general agreement with theoretical predictions. In addition, we use the measurements of the energy dependence of Ng and Nq to determine an effective value of the ratio of QCD color factors, CA/CF. Our result, CA/CF = 2.23 +/- 0.14 (total), is consistent with the QCD value of 2.25.

4 data tables

Measurements of the mean charged particle multiplicity of biased two-jet uds flavour events from Z0 decays as a function of the transverse momentum cutoff PT(C=LU) used to separate two- and three-jet events.

Measurements of the mean charged particle multiplicity of three-jet uds flavour 'Y events' from Z0 decays, as a function of the angle THETA1 between the lowest two energy jets. The results for the quark jet scale SQRT(S(C=QQBAR)) and the gluon jet scales PT(C=LU) and PT(C=LE) are also given.

Measurements of the unbiased gluon multiplicity as a function of the energy scale Q=PT(C=LU). The corresponding bins of THETA1 in 'Y events' are also indicated.

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Inclusive production of the omega and eta mesons in Z decays, and the muonic branching ratio of the omega

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 528 (2002) 19-33, 2002.
Inspire Record 569165 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48894

The inclusive production of the omega(782) vector meson in hadronic Z decays is measured and compared to model predictions. The analysis is based on 4 million hadronic Z decays recorded by the ALEPH detector between 1991 and 1995. The production rate for x_p = p_meson/p_beam > 0.05 is measured in the omega -> pi^+ pi^- pi^0 decay mode and found to be 0.585 +- 0.019_stat +- 0.033_sys per event. Inclusive eta meson production is also measured in the same decay channel for x_p > 0.10, obtaining 0.355 +- 0.011_stat +- 0.024_sys per event. The branching ratio for omega -> mu^+ mu^- is investigated. A total of 18.1 +- 5.9 events are observed, from which the muonic branching ratio is measured for the first time to be BR(omega -> mu^+ mu^-) = (9.0 +- 2.9_stat +- 1.1_sys)*10^-5.

3 data tables

Extrapolation using JETSET 7.4 is used to correct down to X = 0.0. The second DSYS error, where relevant, shows the estimated uncertainty on the extrapolation.

Production rate and differential cross sections for the ETA.

Production rate and differential cross sections for the OMEGA.


Measurements of the structure of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 17 (2000) 1-18, 2000.
Inspire Record 467225 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49549

An experimental investigation of the structure of identified quark and gluon jets is presented. Observables related to both the global and internal structure of jets are measured; this allows for test

6 data tables

The measured jet broadening distributions (B) in quark and gluon jets seperately.

Measured distributions of -LN(Y2), where Y2 is the differential one-subjet rate, that is the value of the subjet scale parameter where 2 jets appear from the single jet.

The mean subjet multiplicity (-1) for gluon jets and quark jets for different values of the subject resolution parameter Y0.

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Measurement of the fraction of hadronic Z decays into charm quark pairs

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 4 (1998) 557-570, 1998.
Inspire Record 468852 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49530

The full statistics of hadronic Z decays collected with the ALEPH detector are analysed to measure, by three methods, the ratio, ${\rm R_c}$ , of the partial decay

1 data table

No description provided.


Consistent measurements of alpha(s) from precise oriented event shape distributions

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 14 (2000) 557-584, 2000.
Inspire Record 522656 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13245

An updated analysis using about 1.5 million events recorded at $\sqrt{s} = M_Z$ with the DELPHI detector in 1994 is presented. Eighteen infrared and collinear safe event shape observables are measured as a function of the polar angle of the thrust axis. The data are compared to theoretical calculations in ${\cal O} (\alpha_s^2)$ including the event orientation. A combined fit of $\alpha_s$ and of the renormalization scale $x_{\mu}$ in $\cal O(\alpha_s^2$) yields an excellent description of the high statistics data. The weighted average from 18 observables including quark mass effects and correlations is $\alpha_s(M_Z^2) = 0.1174 \pm 0.0026$. The final result, derived from the jet cone energy fraction, the observable with the smallest theoretical and experimental uncertainty, is $\alpha_s(M_Z^2) = 0.1180 \pm 0.0006 (exp.) \pm 0.0013 (hadr.) \pm 0.0008 (scale) \pm 0.0007 (mass)$. Further studies include an $\alpha_s$ determination using theoretical predictions in the next-to-leading log approximation (NLLA), matched NLLA and $\cal O(\alpha_s^2$) predictions as well as theoretically motivated optimized scale setting methods. The influence of higher order contributions was also investigated by using the method of Pad\'{e} approximants. Average $\alpha_s$ values derived from the different approaches are in good agreement.

33 data tables

The weighted value of ALPHA-S from all the measured observables using experimentally optimized renormalization scale values and corrected for the b-mass toleading order.

The value of ALPHA-S derived from the JCEF and corrected for heavy quark mass effects. The quoted errors are respectively due to experimental error, hadronization, renormalization scale and heavy quark mass correction uncertainties.

Energy Energy Correlation EEC.

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A High precision measurement of the left-right Z boson cross-section asymmetry

The SLD collaboration Abe, Kenji ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 5945-5949, 2000.
Inspire Record 526448 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35323

We present a measurement of the left-right cross-section asymmetry (ALR) for Z boson production by e+e- collisions. The measurement includes the final data taken with the SLD detector at the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) during the period 1996-1998. Using a sample of 383,487 Z decays collected during the 1996-1998 runs we measure the pole-value of the asymmetry, ALR0, to be 0.15056+-0.00239 which is equivalent to an effective weak mixing angle of sin2th(eff) = 0.23107+-0.00030. Our result for the complete 1992-1998 dataset comprising 537 thousand Z decays is sin2th(eff) = 0.23097+-0.00027.

6 data tables

The observed, corrected asymmetry measurement using the 1997-98 data sets.

The observed, corrected asymmetry measurement using the 1996 data sets.

The pole asymmetry for the 1997-98 data sets.

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Inclusive $\Sigma^{+}$ and $\Sigma^0$ production in hadronic $Z$ decays

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 479 (2000) 79-88, 2000.
Inspire Record 524450 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49982

We report on measurements of the inclusive production rate of Sigma+ and Sigma0 baryons in hadronic Z decays collected with the L3 detector at LEP. The Sigma+ baryons are detected through the decay Sigma+ -> p pi0, while the Sigma0 baryons are detected via the decay mode Sigma0 -> Lambda gamma. The average numbers of Sigma+ and Sigma0 per hadronic Z decay are measured to be: &lt; N_Sigma+ > + &lt; N_Sigma+~ > = 0.114 +/- 0.011 (stat) +/- 0.009 (syst), &lt; N_Sigma0 > + &lt; N_Sigma0~ > = 0.095 +/- 0.015 (stat) +/- 0.013 (syst). These rates are found to be higher than the predictions from Monte Carlo hadronization models and analytical parameterizations of strange baryon production.

1 data table

Inclusive production rates.


Inclusive Sigma- and Lambda(1520) production in hadronic Z decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 475 (2000) 429-447, 2000.
Inspire Record 524694 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49984

Production of Sigma- and Lambda(1520) in hadronic Z decays has been measured using the DELPHI detector at LEP. The Sigma- is directly reconstructed as a charged track in the DELPHI microvertex detector and is identified by its Sigma -> n pi decay leading to a kink between the Sigma- and pi-track. The reconstruction of the Lambda(1520) resonance relies strongly on the particle identification capabilities of the barrel Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector and on the ionisation loss measurement of the TPC. Inclusive production spectra are measured for both particles. The production rates are measured to be <N_{Sigma-}/N_{Z}^{had}> = 0.081 +/- 0.002 +/- 0.010, <N_{Lambda(1520)}/N_{Z}^{had}> = 0.029 +/- 0.005 +/- 0.005. The production rate of the Lambda(1520) suggests that a large fraction of the stable baryons descend from orbitally excited baryonic states. It is shown that the baryon production rates in Z decays follow a universal phenomenological law related to isospin, strangeness and mass of the particles.

4 data tables

The measured differential cross section for SIGMA- production.

The total production rate of SIGMA-. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation to the fullx-range.

The measured differential cross section for LAMBDA(1520) production. The first error is the fit error.

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Inclusive production of pi0, eta, eta-prime (958), K0(S) and lambda in two jet and three jet events from hadronic Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Decamp, D. ; Ghez, Philippe ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 16 (2000) 613, 2000.
Inspire Record 507531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49106

The production rates and the inclusive cross sections of the isovector meson${\rm \pi^0}$, the isoscalar mesons$\eta$and

25 data tables

Inclusive cross section for PI0 production in hadronic events.

Inclusive cross section for ETA production in hadronic events.

Inclusive cross section for ETAPRIME production in hadronic events.

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Measurement of the photon structure function F(2)**gamma at low x

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 412 (1997) 225-234, 1997.
Inspire Record 447187 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49560

Deep inelastic electron-photon scattering is studied using e+e- data collected by the OPAL detector at centre-of-mass energies sqrt{s_ee} ~ M_{Z^0}. The photon structure function F_2^gamma(x,Q^2) is explored in a Q^2 range of 1.1 to 6.6 GeV/c^2 at lower x values than ever before. To probe this kinematic region events are selected with a beam electron scattered into one of the OPAL luminosity calorimeters at scattering angles between 27 and 55 mrad. A measurement is presented of the photon structure function F_2^gamma(x,Q^2) at <Q^2> = 1.86 GeV^2 and 3.76 GeV^2 in five logarithmic x bins from 0.0025 to 0.2.

2 data tables

Measurement of the hadron photon structure function. Systematic errors do not contain any effects caused by the four momentum of the quasi-real photon being non zero.

Measurement of the hadron photon structure function. Systematic errors do not contain any effects caused by the four momentum of the quasi-real photon being non zero.


Measurement of inclusive rho0, f(0)(980), f(2)(1270), K*0(2)(1430) and f-prime(2)(1525) production in Z0 decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 449 (1999) 364-382, 1999.
Inspire Record 482816 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49345

DELPHI results are presented on the inclusive production of the neutral mesons ρ 0 , f 0 (980), f 2 (1270), K ∗0 2 (1430) and f ′ 2 (1525) in hadronic Z 0 decays. They are based on about 2 million multihadronic events collected in 1994 and 1995, using the particle identification capabilities of the DELPHI Ring Imaging Cherenkov detectors and measured ionization losses in the Time Projection Chamber. The total production rates per hadronic Z 0 decay have been determined to be: 1.19±0.10 for ρ 0 ; 0.164±0.021 for f 0 (980); 0.214±0.038 for f 2 (1270); 0.073±0.023 for K ∗0 2 (1430) ; and 0.012±0.006 for f ′ 2 (1525). The total production rates for all mesons and differential cross-sections for the ρ 0 , f 0 (980) and f 2 (1270) are compared with the results of other LEP experiments and with models.

2 data tables

Differential production cross sections. The error is the quadratic combination of the errors from the fits and the systematic uncertainty.

Integrated rates extrapolated to the full x range.


The Scale dependence of the hadron multiplicity in quark and gluon jets and a precise determination of C(A) / C(F)

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 449 (1999) 383-400, 1999.
Inspire Record 495414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49173

Data collected at the Z resonance using the DELPHI detector at LEP are used to determine the charged hadron multiplicity in gluon and quark jets as a function of a transverse momentum-like scale. The colour factor ratio, \cacf, is directly observed in the increase of multiplicities with that scale. The smaller than expected multiplicity ratio in gluon to quark jets is understood by differences in the hadronization of the leading quark or gluon. From the dependence of the charged hadron multiplicity on the opening angle in symmetric three-jet events the colour factor ratio is measured to be: C_A/C_F = 2.246 \pm 0.062 (stat.) \pm 0.080 (syst.) \pm 0.095 (theo.)

3 data tables

Charged multiplicity in events with a hard photon, as a function of the apparent centre-of-mass energy (SQRT(S)) of the hadronic system. The errors shown are statistical only.

Charged multiplicity in symmetric three jet events as function of the opening angle between the low energetic jets, THETA1. Jets are defined from charged and neutral particles using the DURHAM algorithm. The errors shown are statistical only.

Twice the difference of the multiplicity in three jet events and in qqbar events of comparable scale 2(N_3jet-N_qqbar). The three-jet event multiplicity isequal to the data of Fig. 3c), the qqbar-multiplicity is taken from a fit of th e e+e- data corrected for the varying b-quark contribution. This multiplicity can be identified with the multiplicity of a hypothetical gluon-gluon event. Thereis a normalization uncertainty (i.e. a scale independent constant) of the gluon -gluon event multiplicity which should not influence the slope of the gg-multiplicity with scale (see paper). The errors shown are statistical only.


pi+-, K+-, p and anti-p production in Z0 ---> q anti-q, Z0 ---> b anti-b, Z0 ---> u anti-u, d anti-d, s anti-s

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 5 (1998) 585-620, 1998.
Inspire Record 473409 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49385

The DELPHI experiment at LEP uses Ring Imaging Cherenkov detectors for particle identification. The good understanding of the RICH detectors allows the identification of charged pions, kaons and proto

39 data tables

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->Q-QBAR events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->B-BBAR events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->(U-UBAR,D-DBAR,S-SBAR) events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

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Photon and light meson production in hadronic Z0 decays

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 5 (1998) 411-437, 1998.
Inspire Record 470419 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49498

The inclusive production rates and differential cross-sections of photons and mesons with a final state containing photons have been measured with the OPAL detector at LEP. The light mesons covered by the measurements are the \pi^0, \eta, \rho(770)+-, \omega(782), \eta'(958) and a_0(980)+-. The particle multiplicities per hadronic Z^0 decay, extrapolated to the full energy range, are: <n_\gamma> = 20.97 +/- 0.02 +/- 1.15, <n_\pi^0> = 9.55 +/- 0.06 +/- 0.75, <n_\eta> = 0.97 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.11, <n_\rho^+-> = 2.40 +/- 0.06 +/- 0.43, <n_\omega> = 1.04 +/- 0.04 +/- 0.14, <n_\eta> = 0.14 +/- 0.01 +/- 0.02, <n_a_0+-> = 0.27 +/- 0.04 +/- 0.10. where the first errors are statistical and the second systematic. In general, the results are in agreement with the predictions of the JETSET and HERWIG Monte Carlo models.

15 data tables

Particle multiplicities per hadronic decay extrapolated to the full energy range.

Photon fragmentation function.

Photon fragmentation function.

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Investigation of the splitting of quark and gluon jets

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 4 (1998) 1-17, 1998.
Inspire Record 467927 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49547

The splitting processes in identified quark and gluon jets are investigated using longitudinal and transverse observables. The jets are selected from symmetric three-jet events measured in Z decays with the Delphi detector in 1991-1994. Gluon jets are identified using heavy quark anti-tagging. Scaling violations in identified gluon jets are observed for the first time. The scale energy dependence of the gluon fragmentation function is found to be about two times larger than for the corresponding quark jets, consistent with the QCD expectation CA/CF. The primary splitting of gluons and quarks into subjets agrees with fragmentation models and, for specific regions of the jet resolution y, with NLLA calculations. The maximum of the ratio of the primary subjet splittings in quark and gluon jets is 2.77±0.11±0.10. Due to non-perturbative effects, the data are below the expectation at small y. The transition from the perturbative to the non-perturbative domain appears at smaller y for quark jets than for gluon jets. Combined with the observed behaviour of the higher rank splittings, this explains the relatively small multiplicity ratio between gluon and quark jets.

14 data tables

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Quark jets in 'Y'topology 3-JET events.

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Gluon jets in 'Y'topology 3-JET events.

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Quark jets in 'Mercedes' topology 3-JET events.

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The Forward - backward asymmetry for charm quarks at the Z

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 434 (1998) 415-425, 1998.
Inspire Record 472954 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49353

The data set collected with the ALEPH detector from 1991 to 1995 at LEP has been analysed to measure the charm forward-backward asymmetry at the Z. Out of a total of 4.1 million hadronic Z decays, about 36000 high momentum D*+, D+ and D0 decays were reconstructed, of which 80% originate from Z -> ccbar events...

2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


Measurements of flavor dependent fragmentation functions in Z0 --> q anti-q events

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 7 (1999) 369-381, 1999.
Inspire Record 472637 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49410

Fragmentation functions for charged particles in Z -> qq(bar) events have been measured for bottom (b), charm (c) and light (uds) quarks as well as for all flavours together. The results are based on data recorded between 1990 and 1995 using the OPAL detector at LEP. Event samples with different flavour compositions were formed using reconstructed D* mesons and secondary vertices. The \xi_p = ln(1/x_E) distributions and the position of their maxima \xi_max are also presented separately for uds, c and b quark events. The fragmentation function for b quarks is significantly softer than for uds quarks.

9 data tables

Fragmentation function for 'uds-quark' events.

Fragmentation function for 'c-quark' events.

Fragmentation function for 'b-quark' events.

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Production of pi+, K+, K0, K*0, phi, p and Lambda0 in hadronic Z0 decays

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Abe, T. ; Akagi, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 59 (1999) 052001, 1999.
Inspire Record 469925 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.40518

We have measured the differential production cross sections as a function of scaled momentum x_p=2p/E_cm of the identified hadron species pi+, K+, K0, K*0, phi, p, Lambda0, and of the corresponding antihadron species in inclusive hadronic Z0 decays, as well as separately for Z0 decays into light (u, d, s), c and b flavors. Clear flavor dependences are observed, consistent with expectations based upon previously measured production and decay properties of heavy hadrons. These results were used to test the QCD predictions of Gribov and Lipatov, the predictions of QCD in the Modified Leading Logarithm Approximation with the ansatz of Local Parton-Hadron Duality, and the predictions of three fragmentation models. Ratios of production of different hadron species were also measured as a function of x_p and were used to study the suppression of strange meson, strange and non-strange baryon, and vector meson production in the jet fragmentation process. The light-flavor results provide improved tests of the above predictions, as they remove the contribution of heavy hadron production and decay from that of the rest of the fragmentation process. In addition we have compared hadron and antihadron production as a function of x_p in light quark (as opposed to antiquark) jets. Differences are observed at high x_p, providing direct evidence that higher-momentum hadrons are more likely to contain a primary quark or antiquark. The differences for pseudoscalar and vector kaons provide new measurements of strangeness suppression for high-x_p fragmentation products.

35 data tables

Charged pion fraction and differential cross section per hadron Z0 decay. The last line in the table is the integral over the full X range of the measurement.. There is an additional 1.7 PCT normalization error (included in the integral).

Charged kaon fraction and differential cross section per hadron Z0 decay. The last line in the table is the integral over the full X range of the measurement.. There is an additional 1.7 PCT normalization error (included in the integral).

Proton fraction and differential cross section per hadron Z0 decay. The last line in the table is the integral over the full X range of the measurement.. There is an additional 1.7 PCT normalization error (included in the integral).

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Determination of A-b(FB) using jet charge measurements in Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 426 (1998) 217-230, 1998.
Inspire Record 468671 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49559

An improved measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in Z →b b ̄ decays is presented, based on a sample of 4.1 million hadronic Z decays collected by ALEPH between 1991 and 1995. Data are analysed as a function of polar angle of the event axis and b purity. The event tagging efficiency and mean b -jet hemisphere charge are measured directly from data. From the measured forward-backward jet charge asymmetry, the b quark asymmetry at s =m Z is determined to be: A b FB =0.1017±0.0038(stat.)±0.0032(syst.). In the context of the Standard Model this corresponds to a value of the effective weak mixing angle of sin 2 θ W eff =0.23109±0.00096.

3 data tables

Only statistical errors are given for sqrt(s) = 89.43 and 92.97 GeV.

The combination of the data on and off peak of Z-boson.

The combination of the data on and off peak of Z-boson.