Version 2
Measurement of the total cross section and $\rho$-parameter from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration
CERN-EP-2022-129, 2022.
Inspire Record 2122408 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.128017

In a special run of the LHC with $\beta^\star = 2.5~$km, proton-proton elastic-scattering events were recorded at $\sqrt{s} = 13~$TeV with an integrated luminosity of $340~\mu \textrm{b}^{-1}$ using the ALFA subdetector of ATLAS in 2016. The elastic cross section was measured differentially in the Mandelstam $t$ variable in the range from $-t = 2.5 \cdot 10^{-4}~$GeV$^{2}$ to $-t = 0.46~$GeV$^{2}$ using 6.9 million elastic-scattering candidates. This paper presents measurements of the total cross section $\sigma_{\textrm{tot}}$, parameters of the nuclear slope, and the $\rho$-parameter defined as the ratio of the real part to the imaginary part of the elastic-scattering amplitude in the limit $t \rightarrow 0$. These parameters are determined from a fit to the differential elastic cross section using the optical theorem and different parameterizations of the $t$-dependence. The results for $\sigma_{\textrm{tot}}$ and $\rho$ are \begin{equation*} \sigma_{\textrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = \mbox{104.7} \pm 1.1 \; \mbox{mb} , \; \; \; \rho = \mbox{0.098} \pm 0.011 . \end{equation*} The uncertainty in $\sigma_{\textrm{tot}}$ is dominated by the luminosity measurement, and in $\rho$ by imperfect knowledge of the detector alignment and by modelling of the nuclear amplitude.

11 data tables

The measured total cross section. The systematic uncertainty includes experimental and theoretical uncerainties.

The rho-parameter, i.e. the ratio of the real to imaginary part of the elastic scattering amplitude extrapolated to t=0. The systematic uncertainty includes experimental and theoretical uncerainties.

The nuclear slope parameter B from a fit of the form exp(-Bt-Ct^2-Dt^3). The systematic uncertainty includes experimental and theoretical uncerainties.

More…

Characterisation of the dip-bump structure observed in proton–proton elastic scattering at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 82 (2022) 263, 2022.
Inspire Record 1974042 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127942

The TOTEM collaboration at the CERN LHC has measured the differential cross-section of elastic proton-proton scattering at $\sqrt{s} = 8\ {\rm TeV}$ in the squared four-momentum transfer range $0.2\ {\rm GeV^{2}} < |t| < 1.9\ {\rm GeV^{2}}$. This interval includes the structure with a diffractive minimum ("dip") and a secondary maximum ("bump") that has also been observed at all other LHC energies, where measurements were made. A detailed characterisation of this structure for $\sqrt{s} = 8\ {\rm TeV}$ yields the positions, $|t|_{\rm dip} = (0.521 \pm 0.007)\ {\rm GeV^2}$ and $|t|_{\rm bump} = (0.695 \pm 0.026)\ {\rm GeV^2}$, as well as the cross-section values, ${{\rm d}\sigma/{\rm d} t}_{\rm dip} = (15.1 \pm 2.5)\ {\rm{\mu b/GeV^2}}$ and ${{\rm d}\sigma/{\rm d} t}_{\rm bump} = (29.7 \pm 1.8)\ {\rm{\mu b/GeV^2}}$, for the dip and the bump, respectively.

1 data table

Differential cross-section.


First determination of the ${\rho }$ parameter at ${\sqrt{s} = 13}$ TeV: probing the existence of a colourless C-odd three-gluon compound state

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 785, 2019.
Inspire Record 1654549 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127945

The TOTEM experiment at the LHC has performed the first measurement at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV of the $\rho$ parameter, the real to imaginary ratio of the nuclear elastic scattering amplitude at $t=0$, obtaining the following results: $\rho = 0.09 \pm 0.01$ and $\rho = 0.10 \pm 0.01$, depending on different physics assumptions and mathematical modelling. The unprecedented precision of the $\rho$ measurement, combined with the TOTEM total cross-section measurements in an energy range larger than 10 TeV (from 2.76 to 13 TeV), has implied the exclusion of all the models classified and published by COMPETE. The $\rho$ results obtained by TOTEM are compatible with the predictions, from alternative theoretical models both in the Regge-like framework and in the QCD framework, of a colourless 3-gluon bound state exchange in the $t$-channel of the proton-proton elastic scattering. On the contrary, if shown that the 3-gluon bound state $t$-channel exchange is not of importance for the description of elastic scattering, the $\rho$ value determined by TOTEM would represent a first evidence of a slowing down of the total cross-section growth at higher energies. The very low-$|t|$ reach allowed also to determine the absolute normalisation using the Coulomb amplitude for the first time at the LHC and obtain a new total proton-proton cross-section measurement $\sigma_{tot} = 110.3 \pm 3.5$ mb, completely independent from the previous TOTEM determination. Combining the two TOTEM results yields $\sigma_{tot} = 110.5 \pm 2.4$ mb.

1 data table

Differential cross-section.


Comparison of Exclusive Reactions at Large $T$

Baller, B.R. ; Blazey, G.C. ; Courant, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 1118-1121, 1988.
Inspire Record 264273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3063

Cross sections or upper limits are reported for 12 meson-baryon and two baryon-baryon reactions for an incident momentum of 9.9 GeV/c, near 90° c.m.: π±p→pπ±,pp±,π+°±,K+Σ±, (Λ0/Σ0)K0; K±p→pK±; p±p→pp. By studying the flavor dependence of the different reactions, we have been able to isolate the quark-interchange mechanism as dominant over gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation.

2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


Measurement of the Polarization of the Proton Proton Elastic Reaction at Small Scattering Angles Between 940-{MeV} and 2440-{MeV}

Dalla Torre-Colautti, S. ; Birsa, R. ; Bradamante, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 505 (1989) 561-582, 1989.
Inspire Record 288841 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36886

We have measured the asymmetry of elastic pp scattering at small scattering angles (30–100 mrad) in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region, using the polarized proton beam of Saturne II, a segmented scintillator active target, and two telescopes of multiwire proportional chambers. Results are given at four energies — 940, 1000, 1320 and 2440 MeV-and are compared with phase-shift calculations.

4 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

More…

Proton-proton Elastic Scattering at 8.35 BeV

Seb, Do In ; Kirillova, L.F. ; Shafranova, M.G. ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 17 (1963) 1000-1003, 1963.
Inspire Record 1387687 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69225

A more accurate value is obtained for the differential cross section for pp scattering at 8.35 BeV by measurement in photographic emulsions. It is found that the cross section is greater than cited in previous communications [ 3 - 5 ] in a large range of angles. The data are analyzed on the basis of the Regge pole technique and compared with those of other experiments. The total pp elastic scattering cross section is found to be 10.8 :1: 0.8 mb; the mean square interaction radius is (1.07 :1: 0.08) F.

2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


Pion Production in 650-MeV p-p Collisions

Guzhavin, V.M. ; Kliger, G.K. ; Kolganov, V.Z. ; et al.
Sov.Phys.JETP 19 (1964) 847-854, 1964.
Inspire Record 1387586 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70070

The angular and energy distributions of pions produced by 650-MeV protons and pion-nucleon correlations were studied using a liquid hydrogen bubble chamber. The present investigation indicates that the experimental angular distributions of neutral and charged pions are consis- tent with the assumption of isotopic spin conservation. The contributions of rrN subsystem states with isospin T 11'N = 7' 2 and % are measured; the contribution of the latter is 72 ± 3%.

1 data table

No description provided.


Diffraction-like structure in elastic proton-proton scattering at large momentum transfers

Allaby, J.V. ; Diddens, A.N. ; Klovning, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 27 (1968) 49-53, 1968.
Inspire Record 1392696 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29184

Measurements of wide angle elastic p-p scattering between 7 and 12 GeV/c are reported. Structure found in the angular distributions is suggestive of diffraction.

10 data tables
More…

Search for solutions of the phase-shift analysis of pp interactions at 970 MeV

Vovchenko, V.G. ; Grebenyuk, O.G. ; Fedorov, O.Ya. ;
Yad.Fiz. 44 (1986) 456-459, 1986.
Inspire Record 239695 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38007

A random search for solutions of the phase-shift analysis of pp scattering at 970 MeV is carried out. Solutions were selected according to the correct position of the zero of trajectory I of the Barrelet amplitude f1 in addition to the statistical criteria. Two pairs of solutions with similar phase shifts are found as a result. Two of these solutions have been found before

4 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

More…

Measurements of 1 GeV proton total scattering cross section on H, He, $^6$Li, C, O and Pb targets

Igo, G.J. ; Friedes, J.L. ; Palevsky, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 3 (1967) 181-187, 1967.
Inspire Record 1389662 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33327

Total cross sections have been measured for H, He, 6 Li, C, O and Pb targets for 1 GeV incident energy protons. From the differential elastic scattering data published elsewhere, we also obtain the total elastic scattering and reaction cross sections for H, He, C and O. When our data are combined with other measurements in the same energy region, it is found that the total and reaction cross sections can be fit by the formulae σ T = 47 A 0.82 and σ R = 42 A 0.67 mb. It is also observed that the total and reaction cross sections for negative pions on nuclei can also be fit with these same A -dependencies.

1 data table

No description provided.