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Improved sterile neutrino constraints from the STEREO experiment with 179 days of reactor-on data

The STEREO collaboration Almazán, H. ; Bernard, L. ; Blanchet, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 052002, 2020.
Inspire Record 1770821 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.92323

The STEREO experiment is a very short baseline reactor antineutrino experiment. It is designed to test the hypothesis of light sterile neutrinos being the cause of a deficit of the observed antineutrino interaction rate at short baselines with respect to the predicted rate, known as the reactor antineutrino anomaly. The STEREO experiment measures the antineutrino energy spectrum in six identical detector cells covering baselines between 9 and 11 m from the compact core of the ILL research reactor. In this article, results from 179 days of reactor turned on and 235 days of reactor turned off are reported at a high degree of detail. The current results include improvements in the modelling of detector optical properties and the gamma-cascade after neutron captures by gadolinium, the treatment of backgrounds, and the statistical method of the oscillation analysis. Using a direct comparison between antineutrino spectra of all cells, largely independent of any flux prediction, we find the data compatible with the null oscillation hypothesis. The best-fit point of the reactor antineutrino anomaly is rejected at more than 99.9% C.L.

11 data tables

Data from Figure 30 – Relative comparison between the estimated rates of IBD events $A_{l,i}$ (for cell $l$ and energy bin $i$) and the re-normalised no-oscillation model $\phi_i M_{l,i}(\sin^2(2\theta_{ee}) = 0)$ as a function of reconstructed energy $E_\text{rec}$ after a fit to phase-I+II data. Due to less statistics, the highest energy bin is excluded from the oscillation analysis in phase-I. For technical reasons, its value is set equal to zero in this dataset. A full graphical presentation can be downloaded at "Resources" for reference.

Data from Figures 33 and 34 – STEREO exclusion and exclusion sensitivity contours at 95% C.L. for 179 days reactor-on (phase-I+II) using the two-dimensional method. A graphical presentation can be downloaded at "Resources" for reference.

Data from Figure 34 – STEREO exclusion and exclusion sensitivity contours at 95% C.L. for 179 days reactor-on (phase-I+II) using the raster-scan method. A graphical presentation can be downloaded at "Resources" for reference.

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First antineutrino energy spectrum from $^{235}$U fissions with the STEREO detector at ILL

The STEREO collaboration Almazán, H. ; Bernard, L. ; Blanchet, A. ; et al.
J.Phys.G 48 (2021) 075107, 2021.
Inspire Record 1821378 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99805

This article reports the measurement of the $^{235}$U-induced antineutrino spectrum shape by the STEREO experiment. 43'000 antineutrinos have been detected at about 10 m from the highly enriched core of the ILL reactor during 118 full days equivalent at nominal power. The measured inverse beta decay spectrum is unfolded to provide a pure $^{235}$U spectrum in antineutrino energy. A careful study of the unfolding procedure, including a cross-validation by an independent framework, has shown that no major biases are introduced by the method. A significant local distortion is found with respect to predictions around $E_\nu \simeq 5.3$ MeV. A gaussian fit of this local excess leads to an amplitude of $A = 12.1 \pm 3.4\%$ (3.5$\sigma$).

7 data tables

Data from Figure 13 – Measured IBD yield spectrum and area-normalized HM-based prediction. Here, error bars inlude only uncorrelated uncertainties, namely statistics, time-evolution systematic, reactor background systematic. This uncorrelated uncertainty is $\sigma_j$ in eqn.(14). The full covariance matrix is provided in another entry.

Total covariance matrix of the measured spectrum, including statistics and all systematic uncertainties. It is denoted $V_\text{pr}$ in eqn.(18).

STEREO Detector Response Matrix, sampled using STEREO's simulation using neutrinos with energy distributed according to HFR's IBD yield prediction. The matrix is given as a 200x22 matrix, with 200 50keV-wide $E_\nu$ bins (centers ranging from 0.05 to 10 MeV) and 22 250keV-wide measured-energy bins corresponding to measured data. The matrix is not normalized; desired normalization (e.g., $\sum_j R_{ij} = e_i$ where $e_i$ is the efficiency) has to be applied before the matrix can be used.

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Low-mass dark matter search using ionization signals in XENON100

The XENON collaboration Aprile, E. ; Aalbers, J. ; Agostini, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 092001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1463250 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78548

We perform a low-mass dark matter search using an exposure of 30\,kg$\times$yr with the XENON100 detector. By dropping the requirement of a scintillation signal and using only the ionization signal to determine the interaction energy, we lowered the energy threshold for detection to 0.7\,keV for nuclear recoils. No dark matter detection can be claimed because a complete background model cannot be constructed without a primary scintillation signal. Instead, we compute an upper limit on the WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section under the assumption that every event passing our selection criteria could be a signal event. Using an energy interval from 0.7\,keV to 9.1\,keV, we derive a limit on the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon cross section that excludes WIMPs with a mass of 6\,GeV/$c^2$ above $1.4 \times 10^{-41}$\,cm$^2$ at 90\% confidence level.

1 data table

WIMP exclusion limit on the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section at 90% confidence level.


Measurement of $K^{+}$ production in charged-current $\nu_{\mu}$ interactions

The MINERvA collaboration Marshall, C.M. ; Aliaga, L. ; Altinok, O. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 012002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1446753 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78539

Production of K^{+} mesons in charged-current \nu_{\mu} interactions on plastic scintillator (CH) is measured using MINERvA exposed to the low-energy NuMI beam at Fermilab. Timing information is used to isolate a sample of 885 charged-current events containing a stopping K^{+} which decays at rest. The differential cross section in K^{+} kinetic energy, d\sigma/dT_{K}, is observed to be relatively flat between 0 and 500 MeV. Its shape is in good agreement with the prediction by the \textsc{genie} neutrino event generator when final-state interactions are included, however the data rate is lower than the prediction by 15\%.

5 data tables

The predicted $\nu_\mu$ flux per POT for the data included in this analysis.

The differential cross section with respect to $K^+$ kinetic energy $T_{K}$ is given in units of $10^{-39}$ cm$^{2}$ per nucleon per GeV, as well as the total statistical and systematic uncertainties.

The covariance for the flux uncertainty.

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The ALICE Transition Radiation Detector: construction, operation, and performance

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Nucl.Instrum.Meth.A 881 (2018) 88-127, 2018.
Inspire Record 1622554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79498

The Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) was designed and built to enhance the capabilities of the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). While aimed at providing electron identification and triggering, the TRD also contributes significantly to the track reconstruction and calibration in the central barrel of ALICE. In this paper the design, construction, operation, and performance of this detector are discussed. A pion rejection factor of up to 410 is achieved at a momentum of 1 GeV/$c$ in p-Pb collisions and the resolution at high transverse momentum improves by about 40% when including the TRD information in track reconstruction. The triggering capability is demonstrated both for jet, light nuclei, and electron selection.

5 data tables

Most probable charge deposit signal normalised to that of minimum ionising particles as a function of $\beta\gamma$ for $\pi$, $\it{e}$ test beam (dE/dx). Statistical uncertainties as vertical error bars.

Most probable charge deposit signal normalised to that of minimum ionising particles as a function of $\beta\gamma$ for $\pi$, $\it{e}$ test beam (dE/dx + TR). Statistical uncertainties as vertical error bars.

Most probable charge deposit signal normalised to that of minimum ionising particles as a function of $\beta\gamma$ for $\pi$, $\it{e}$ and proton in pp collisions ($\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV). Statistical uncertainties as vertical error bars. Uncertainties in momentum and thus $\beta \gamma$ determination are drawn as horizontal error bars.

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Measurements of $\pi ^\pm $ differential yields from the surface of the T2K replica target for incoming 31 GeV/c protons with the NA61/SHINE spectrometer at the CERN SPS

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Abgrall, N. ; Aduszkiewicz, A. ; Ajaz, M. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 617, 2016.
Inspire Record 1431983 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77061

Measurements of particle emission from a replica of the T2K 90 cm-long carbon target were performed in the NA61/SHINE experiment at CERN SPS, using data collected during a high-statistics run in 2009. An efficient use of the long-target measurements for neutrino flux predictions in T2K requires dedicated reconstruction and analysis techniques. Fully-corrected differential yields of $\pi^\pm$-mesons from the surface of the T2K replica target for incoming 31 GeV/c protons are presented. A possible strategy to implement these results into the T2K neutrino beam predictions is discussed and the propagation of the uncertainties of these results to the final neutrino flux is performed.

132 data tables

Spectra of positively charged pions at the surface of the T2K replica target, in the polar angle range from 0 to 20 mrad and for longitudinal bin $z1$, as a function of momentum. The normalization is per proton on target.

Spectra of positively charged pions at the surface of the T2K replica target, in the polar angle range from 20 to 40 mrad and for longitudinal bin $z1$, as a function of momentum. The normalization is per proton on target.

Spectra of positively charged pions at the surface of the T2K replica target, in the polar angle range from 40 to 60 mrad and for longitudinal bin $z1$, as a function of momentum. The normalization is per proton on target.

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Measurement of the Multiple-Muon Charge Ratio in the MINOS Far Detector

The MINOS collaboration Adamson, P. ; Anghel, I. ; Aurisano, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 052017, 2016.
Inspire Record 1419065 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77051

The charge ratio, $R_\mu = N_{\mu^+}/N_{\mu^-}$, for cosmogenic multiple-muon events observed at an under- ground depth of 2070 mwe has been measured using the magnetized MINOS Far Detector. The multiple-muon events, recorded nearly continuously from August 2003 until April 2012, comprise two independent data sets imaged with opposite magnetic field polarities, the comparison of which allows the systematic uncertainties of the measurement to be minimized. The multiple-muon charge ratio is determined to be $R_\mu = 1.104 \pm 0.006 {\rm \,(stat.)} ^{+0.009}_{-0.010} {\rm \,(syst.)} $. This measurement complements previous determinations of single-muon and multiple-muon charge ratios at underground sites and serves to constrain models of cosmic ray interactions at TeV energies.

1 data table

Efficiency-corrected charge ratios as a function of measured muon multiplicity, $M$.


Measurements of the atmospheric neutrino flux by Super-Kamiokande: energy spectra, geomagnetic effects, and solar modulation

The Super-Kamiokande collaboration Richard, E. ; Okumura, K. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 052001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1401192 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76912

A comprehensive study on the atmospheric neutrino flux in the energy region from sub-GeV up to several TeV using the Super-Kamiokande water Cherenkov detector is presented in this paper. The energy and azimuthal spectra of the atmospheric ${\nu}_e+{\bar{\nu}}_e$ and ${\nu}_{\mu}+{\bar{\nu}}_{\mu}$ fluxes are measured. The energy spectra are obtained using an iterative unfolding method by combining various event topologies with differing energy responses. The azimuthal spectra depending on energy and zenith angle, and their modulation by geomagnetic effects, are also studied. A predicted east-west asymmetry is observed in both the ${\nu}_e$ and ${\nu}_{\mu}$ samples at 8.0 {\sigma} and 6.0 {\sigma} significance, respectively, and an indication that the asymmetry dipole angle changes depending on the zenith angle was seen at the 2.2 {\sigma} level. The measured energy and azimuthal spectra are consistent with the current flux models within the estimated systematic uncertainties. A study of the long-term correlation between the atmospheric neutrino flux and the solar magnetic activity cycle is also performed, and a weak indication of a correlation was seen at the 1.1 {\sigma} level, using SK I-IV data spanning a 20 year period. For particularly strong solar activity periods known as Forbush decreases, no theoretical prediction is available, but a deviation below the typical neutrino event rate is seen at the 2.4 {\sigma} level.

2 data tables

Electron neutrino flux measured by SK I-IV data. Error written in percentage including both statistical and systematic uncertainties.

Muon neutrino flux measured by SK I-IV data. Error written in percentage including both statistical and systematic uncertainties.


Measurement of absorption and charge exchange of $\pi^+$ on carbon

The DUET collaboration Ieki, K. ; Pinzon Guerra, E.S. ; Berkman, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 92 (2015) 035205, 2015.
Inspire Record 1377940 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73770

The combined cross section for absorption and charge exchange interactions of positively charged pions with carbon nuclei for the momentum range 200 MeV/c to 300 MeV/c have been measured with the DUET experiment at TRIUMF. The uncertainty is reduced by nearly half compared to previous experiments. This result will be a valuable input to existing models to constrain pion interactions with nuclei.

1 data table

Summary of the measurements. In this table, $p_\pi$ is the momentum of pions at the fiber tracker.


Combined exclusion reach of searches for squarks and gluinos using final states with jets, missing transverse momentum, and zero or one lepton, with the ATLAS detector in sqrt(s)=7 TeV proton-proton collisions

The ATLAS collaboration
2011.
Inspire Record 1204118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57564

The combination of searches for squarks and gluinos in final states containing jets, missing transverse momentum and zero or one electron or muon is presented. In the MSUGRA/CMSSM framework with tan beta=3, A_0=0 and mu>0, squarks and gluinos of equal mass are excluded below 815 GeV. These are the most stringent limits to date.

1 data table

95 PCT confidence lower limits to M(1/2).