The
CMS
collaboration
Hayrapetyan, Aram
;
Tumasyan, Armen
;
Adam, Wolfgang
;
*et al. *

CMS-GEN-22-001, 2024.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/2839223
Inspire Record
2839223
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.154142
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.154142
We present an analysis based on models of the intrinsic transverse momentum of partons in nucleons by studying the dilepton transverse momentum in Drell-Yan events. Using parameter tuning in event generators and existing data from fixed-target experiments, from the Tevatron, and from the LHC, our investigation spans three orders of magnitude in center-of-mass energy and two orders of magnitude in dilepton invariant mass. The results show an energy-scaling behavior of the intrinsic transverse momentum parameters, independent of the dilepton invariant mass at a given center-of-mass energy.

45
data tables

The
LHCb
collaboration
Aaij, Roel
;
Abellán Beteta, Carlos
;
Adeva, Bernardo
;
*et al. *

Phys.Rev.D 100 (2019) 031102, 2019.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/1720859
Inspire Record
1720859
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.141536
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.141536
The production fractions of $\overline{B}_s^0$ and $\Lambda_b^0$ hadrons, normalized to the sum of $B^-$ and $\overline{B}^0$ fractions, are measured in 13 TeV pp collisions using data collected by the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.67/fb. These ratios, averaged over the $b$-hadron transverse momenta from 4 to 25 GeV and pseudorapidity from 2 to 5, are $0.122 \pm 0.006$ for $\overline{B}_s^0$, and $0.259 \pm 0.018$ for $\Lambda_b^0$, where the uncertainties arise from both statistical and systematic sources. The $\Lambda_b^0$ ratio depends strongly on transverse momentum, while the $\overline{B}_s^0$ ratio shows a mild dependence. Neither ratio shows variations with pseudorapidity. The measurements are made using semileptonic decays to minimize theoretical uncertainties. In addition, the ratio of $D^+$ to $D^0$ mesons produced in the sum of $\overline{B}^0$ and $B^-$ semileptonic decays is determined as $0.359\pm0.006\pm 0.009$, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic.

1
data table

Values of $f_s/(f_u+f_d)$ and $f_{\mathit{\Lambda}_b^0}/(f_u+f_d)$ in each $p_\mathrm{T}(H_b)$ bin.

The
STAR
collaboration
Abdulhamid, Muhammad
;
Aboona, Bassam
;
Adam, Jaroslav
;
*et al. *

Phys.Lett.B 857 (2024) 138966, 2024.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/2718013
Inspire Record
2718013
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.145838
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.145838
We report on the charged-particle multiplicity dependence of net-proton cumulant ratios up to sixth order from $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV $p$+$p$ collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The measured ratios $C_{4}/C_{2}$, $C_{5}/C_{1}$, and $C_{6}/C_{2}$ decrease with increased charged-particle multiplicity and rapidity acceptance. Neither the Skellam baselines nor PYTHIA8 calculations account for the observed multiplicity dependence. In addition, the ratios $C_{5}/C_{1}$ and $C_{6}/C_{2}$ approach negative values in the highest-multiplicity events, which implies that thermalized QCD matter may be formed in $p$+$p$ collisions.

7
data tables

(c) Charged-particle multiplicity distribution.

The
Belle
collaboration
Prim, M.T.
;
Bernlochner, F.
;
Metzner, F.
;
*et al. *

Phys.Rev.Lett. 133 (2024) 131801, 2024.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/2715684
Inspire Record
2715684
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.153299
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.153299
We measure the complete set of angular coefficients $J_i$ for exclusive $\bar{B} \to D^* \ell \bar{\nu}_\ell$ decays ($\ell = e, \mu$). Our analysis uses the full $711\,\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ Belle data set with hadronic tag-side reconstruction. The results allow us to extract the form factors describing the $B \to D^*$ transition and the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element $|V_{\rm cb}|$. Using recent lattice QCD calculations for the hadronic form factors, we find $|V_{\rm cb}| = (41.0 \pm 0.7) \times 10^3 $ using the BGL parameterization, compatible with determinations from inclusive semileptonic decays. We search for lepton flavor universality violation as a function of the hadronic recoil parameter $w$, and investigate the differences of the electron and muon angular distributions. We find no deviation from Standard Model expectations.

10
data tables

Data of the decay $\bar{B}^0 \to D^* e \nu_e$.

Data of the decay $\bar{B}^0 \to D^* \mu \nu_\mu$.

Data of the decay $\bar{B}^+ \to D^* e \nu_e$.

The
ALICE
collaboration
Acharya, Shreyasi
;
Adamova, Dagmar
;
Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca
;
*et al. *

CERN-EP-2023-267, 2023.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/2725934
Inspire Record
2725934
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.152623
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.152623
The femtoscopic study of pairs of identical pions is particularly suited to investigate the effective source function of particle emission, due to the resulting Bose-Einstein correlation signal. In small collision systems at the LHC, pp in particular, the majority of the pions are produced in resonance decays, which significantly affect the profile and size of the source. In this work, we explicitly model this effect in order to extract the primordial source in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV from charged $\pi$-$\pi$ correlations measured by ALICE. We demonstrate that the assumption of a Gaussian primordial source is compatible with the data and that the effective source, resulting from modifications due to resonances, is approximately exponential, as found in previous measurements at the LHC. The universality of hadron emission in pp collisions is further investigated by applying the same methodology to characterize the primordial source of K-p pairs. The size of the primordial source is evaluated as a function of the transverse mass ($m_{\rm T}$) of the pairs, leading to the observation of a common scaling for both $\pi$-$\pi$ and K-p, suggesting a collective effect. Further, the present results are compatible with the $m_{\rm T}$ scaling of the p-p and p$-\Lambda$ primordial source measured by ALICE in high multiplicity pp collisions, providing compelling evidence for the presence of a common emission source for all hadrons in small collision systems at the LHC. This will allow the determination of the source function for any hadron--hadron pairs with high precision, granting access to the properties of the possible final-state interaction among pairs of less abundantly produced hadrons, such as strange or charmed particles.

29
data tables

The
ATLAS
collaboration
Aad, Georges
;
Abbott, Braden Keim
;
Abeling, Kira
;
*et al. *

JHEP 05 (2024) 106, 2024.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/2755168
Inspire Record
2755168
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.149493
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.149493
A summary of the constraints from searches performed by the ATLAS Collaboration for the electroweak production of charginos and neutralinos is presented. Results from eight separate ATLAS searches are considered, each using 140 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton data at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}$=13 TeV collected at the Large Hadron Collider during its second data-taking run. The results are interpreted in the context of the 19-parameter phenomenological minimal supersymmetric standard model, where R-parity conservation is assumed and the lightest supersymmetric particle is assumed to be the lightest neutralino. Constraints from previous electroweak, flavour and dark matter related measurements are also considered. The results are presented in terms of constraints on supersymmetric particle masses and are compared with limits from simplified models. Also shown is the impact of ATLAS searches on parameters such as the dark matter relic density and the spin-dependent and spin-independent scattering cross-sections targeted by direct dark matter detection experiments. The Higgs boson and Z boson `funnel regions', where a low-mass neutralino would not oversaturate the dark matter relic abundance, are almost completely excluded by the considered constraints. Example spectra for non-excluded supersymmetric models with light charginos and neutralinos are also presented.

2
data tables

Sierra, D. Aristizabal
;

Phys.Lett.B 845 (2023) 138140, 2023.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/2628373
Inspire Record
2628373
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.150020
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.150020
Forthcoming fixed-target coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering experiments aim at measurements with $\cal{O}(\text{tonne})$-scale detectors and substantially reduced systematic and statistical uncertainties. With such high quality data, the extraction of point-neutron distributions mean-square radii requires a better understanding of possible theoretical uncertainties. We quantify the impact of single-nucleon electromagnetic mean-square radii on the weak-charge form factor and compare results from weak-charge form factor parametrizations and weak-charge form factor decompositions in terms of elastic vector proton and neutron form factors, including nucleon form factors $Q$-dependent terms up to order $Q^2$. We assess as well the differences arising from results derived using weak-charge form factor decompositions in terms of elastic vector proton and neutron form factors and a model-independent approach based solely on the assumption of spherically symmetric nuclear ground state. We demonstrate the impact of the main effects by assuming pseudo-data from a one-tonne LAr detector and find that, among the effects and under the assumptions considered in this paper, weak-charge form factor parametrizations and weak-charge form factor decompositions in terms of elastic vector proton and neutron form factors enable the extraction of the $^{40}\text{Ar}$ point-neutron distribution mean-square radius with a $\sim 15\%$ accuracy. With a substantial reduction of the beam-related neutron and steady-state backgrounds a $\sim 1\%$ precision extraction seems feasible, using either of the two approaches.

2
data tables

The
NA62
collaboration
Cortina Gil, Eduardo
;
Minucci, Elisa
;
Padolski, Sergey
;
*et al. *

Phys.Lett.B 850 (2024) 138513, 2024.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/2718968
Inspire Record
2718968
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.147259
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.147259
A sample of 3984 candidates of the $K^+\to\pi^+\gamma\gamma$ decay, with an estimated background of $291\pm14$ events, was collected by the NA62 experiment at CERN during 2017-2018. In order to describe the observed di-photon mass spectrum, the next-to-leading order contribution in chiral perturbation theory was found to be necessary. The decay branching ratio in the full kinematic range is measured to be $(9.61\pm0.17)\times10^{-7}$. The first search for production and prompt decay of an axion-like particle with gluon coupling in the process $K^+\to\pi^+a$, $a\to\gamma\gamma$ is also reported.

5
data tables

See caption of Figure 6.

See caption of Figure 9.

The
Belle
collaboration
van Tonder, R.
;
Cao, L.
;
Sutcliffe, W.
;
*et al. *

Phys.Rev.D 104 (2021) 112011, 2021.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/1917200
Inspire Record
1917200
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.138985
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.138985
We present the measurement of the first to fourth order moments of the four-momentum transfer squared, $q^2$, of inclusive $B \rightarrow X_c \ell^+ \nu_{\ell}$ decays using the full Belle data set of 711 $\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity at the $\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance where $\ell = e, \mu$. The determination of these moments and their systematic uncertainties open new pathways to determine the absolute value of the CKM matrix element $V_{cb}$ using a reduced set of matrix elements of the heavy quark expansion. In order to identify and reconstruct the $X_c$ system, we reconstruct one of the two $B$-mesons using machine learning techniques in fully hadronic decay modes. The moments are measured with progressively increasing threshold selections on $q^2$ starting with a lower value of 3.0 $\mathrm{GeV}^2$ in steps of 0.5 $\mathrm{GeV}^2$ up to a value of 10.0 $\mathrm{GeV}^2$. The measured moments are further unfolded, correcting for reconstruction and selection effects as well as QED final state radiation. We report the moments separately for electron and muon final states and observe no lepton flavor universality violating effects.

52
data tables

The
STAR
collaboration
Abdulhamid, Muhammad
;
Aboona, Bassam
;
Adam, Jaroslav
;
*et al. *

Phys.Rev.Lett. 130 (2023) 202301, 2023.

https://inspirehep.net/literature/2152917
Inspire Record
2152917
DOI
10.17182/hepdata.133992
https://doi.org/10.17182/hepdata.133992
We report the triton ($t$) production in mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 0.5) Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$= 7.7--200 GeV measured by the STAR experiment from the first phase of the beam energy scan at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The nuclear compound yield ratio ($\mathrm{N}_t \times \mathrm{N}_p/\mathrm{N}_d^2$), which is predicted to be sensitive to the fluctuation of local neutron density, is observed to decrease monotonically with increasing charged-particle multiplicity ($dN_{ch}/d\eta$) and follows a scaling behavior. The $dN_{ch}/d\eta$ dependence of the yield ratio is compared to calculations from coalescence and thermal models. Enhancements in the yield ratios relative to the coalescence baseline are observed in the 0%-10% most central collisions at 19.6 and 27 GeV, with a significance of 2.3$\sigma$ and 3.4$\sigma$, respectively, giving a combined significance of 4.1$\sigma$. The enhancements are not observed in peripheral collisions or model calculations without critical fluctuation, and decreases with a smaller $p_{T}$ acceptance. The physics implications of these results on the QCD phase structure and the production mechanism of light nuclei in heavy-ion collisions are discussed.

68
data tables