Collision Energy Dependence of Moments of Net-Kaon Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adams, J.R. ; Adkins, J.K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 785 (2018) 551-560, 2018.
Inspire Record 1621460 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98573

Fluctuations of conserved quantities such as baryon number, charge, and strangeness are sensitive to the correlation length of the hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions and can be used to search for the QCD critical point. We report the first measurements of the moments of net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4, and 200 GeV. The collision centrality and energy dependence of the mean ($M$), variance ($\sigma^2$), skewness ($S$), and kurtosis ($\kappa$) for net-kaon multiplicity distributions as well as the ratio $\sigma^2/M$ and the products $S\sigma$ and $\kappa\sigma^2$ are presented. Comparisons are made with Poisson and negative binomial baseline calculations as well as with UrQMD, a transport model (UrQMD) that does not include effects from the QCD critical point. Within current uncertainties, the net-kaon cumulant ratios appear to be monotonic as a function of collision energy.

43 data tables

Raw $\Delta N_k$ distributions in Au+Au collisions at 7.7 GeV for 0–5%, 30–40%, and 70–80% collision centralities at midrapidity. The distributions are not corrected for the finite centrality bin width effect nor the reconstruction efficiency.

Raw $\Delta N_k$ distributions in Au+Au collisions at 11.5 GeV for 0–5%, 30–40%, and 70–80% collision centralities at midrapidity. The distributions are not corrected for the finite centrality bin width effect nor the reconstruction efficiency.

Raw $\Delta N_k$ distributions in Au+Au collisions at 14.5 GeV for 0–5%, 30–40%, and 70–80% collision centralities at midrapidity. The distributions are not corrected for the finite centrality bin width effect nor the reconstruction efficiency.

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Discovery reach for wino and higgsino dark matter with a disappearing track signature at a 100 TeV $pp$ collider

Saito, Masahiko ; Sawada, Ryu ; Terashi, Koji ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 469, 2019.
Inspire Record 1713045 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90451

Within the theory of supersymmetry, the lightest neutralino is a dark matter candidate and is often assumed to be the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) as well. If the neutral wino or higgsino is dark matter, the upper limit of the LSP mass is determined by the observed relic density of dark matter. If the LSP is a nearly-pure neutral state of the wino or higgsino, the lightest chargino state is expected to have a significant lifetime due to a tiny mass difference between the LSP and the chargino. This article presents discovery potential of the 100 TeV future circular hadron collider (FCC) for the wino and higgsino dark matter using a disappearing-track signature. The search strategy to extend the discovery reach to the thermal limits of wino/higgsino dark matter is discussed with detailed studies on the background rate and the reference design of the FCC-hadron detector under possible running scenarios of the FCC-hadron machine. A proposal of modifying the detector layout and several ideas to improve the sensitivity further are also discussed.

14 data tables

One of three barrel inner-tracker layouts considered in this study; the default layout $\#$1. The contour drawn behind the layouts shows the number of chargino decays in 3 TeV wino signal events with 30 ab$^{-1}$ at a given position. The analysis considers the region $|\eta|<1$, denoted by the dotted lines.

Leading jet $p_{T}$ distributions after removing events containing isolated leptons with 30 ab$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}=100$ TeV. The SM backgrounds from $W/Z$+jets and top production processes are shown as filled histograms. Also shown as dashed (dotted) line is the 3 (1) TeV wino (higgsino) signal scaled up by a factor 1000.

$E_{\text{T}}^{\text{miss}}$ distributions after removing events containing isolated leptons with 30 ab$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}=100$ TeV. The SM backgrounds from $W/Z$+jets and top production processes are shown as filled histograms. Also shown as dashed (dotted) line is the 3 (1) TeV wino (higgsino) signal scaled up by a factor 1000.

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Direct virtual photon production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 770 (2017) 451-458, 2017.
Inspire Record 1474129 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77495

We report the direct virtual photon invariant yields in the transverse momentum ranges $1\!<\!p_{T}\!<\!3$ GeV/$c$ and $5\!<\!p_T\!<\!10$ GeV/$c$ at mid-rapidity derived from the dielectron invariant mass continuum region $0.10<M_{ee}<0.28$ GeV/$c^{2}$ for 0-80\% minimum-bias Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV. A clear excess in the invariant yield compared to the number-of-binary-collisions ($N_{bin}$) scaled $p+p$ reference is observed in the $p_T$ range $1\!<\!p_{T}\!<\!3$ GeV/$c$. For $p_T\!>6$ GeV/$c$ the production follows $N_{bin}$ scaling. Model calculations with contributions from thermal radiation and initial hard parton scattering are consistent within uncertainties with the direct virtual photon invariant yield.

22 data tables

Dielectron invariant mass spectra in 1.0-1.5 GeV/c.

Dielectron invariant mass spectra in 1.5-2.0 GeV/c.

Dielectron invariant mass spectra in 2.0-2.5 GeV/c.

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Jet-like Correlations with Direct-Photon and Neutral-Pion Triggers at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 760 (2016) 689-696, 2016.
Inspire Record 1442357 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89881

Azimuthal correlations of charged hadrons with direct-photon ($\gamma_{dir}$) and neutral-pion ($\pi^{0}$) trigger particles are analyzed in central Au+Au and minimum-bias $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 200$ GeV in the STAR experiment. The charged-hadron per-trigger yields at mid-rapidity from central Au+Au collisions are compared with $p+p$ collisions to quantify the suppression in Au+Au collisions. The suppression of the away-side associated-particle yields per $\gamma_{dir}$ trigger is independent of the transverse momentum of the trigger particle ($p_{T}^{\mathrm{trig}}$), whereas the suppression is smaller at low transverse momentum of the associated charged hadrons ($p_{T}^{\mathrm{assoc}}$). Within uncertainty, similar levels of suppression are observed for $\gamma_{dir}$ and $\pi^{0}$ triggers as a function of $z_{T}$ ($\equiv p_T^{\mathrm{assoc}}/p_T^{\mathrm{trig}}$). The results are compared with energy-loss-inspired theoretical model predictions. Our studies support previous conclusions that the lost energy reappears predominantly at low transverse momentum, regardless of the trigger energy.

21 data tables

The Azimuthal correlation functions of charged hadrons per trigger

The Azimuthal correlation functions of charged hadrons per trigger

The Azimuthal correlation functions of charged hadrons per trigger

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Measurement of Jet Production Cross Sections in Deep-inelastic ep Scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, Vladimir ; Baghdasaryan, Artem ; Begzsuren, Khurelbaatar ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 215, 2017.
Inspire Record 1496981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86390

A precision measurement of jet cross sections in neutral current deep-inelastic scattering for photon virtualities $5.5<Q^2<80\,{\rm GeV}^2$ and inelasticities $0.2<y<0.6$ is presented, using data taken with the H1 detector at HERA, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $290\,{\rm pb}^{-1}$. Double-differential inclusive jet, dijet and trijet cross sections are measured simultaneously and are presented as a function of jet transverse momentum observables and as a function of $Q^2$. Jet cross sections normalised to the inclusive neutral current DIS cross section in the respective $Q^2$-interval are also determined. Previous results of inclusive jet cross sections in the range $150<Q^2<15\,000\,{\rm GeV}^2$ are extended to low transverse jet momenta $5<P_{T}^{\rm jet}<7\,{\rm GeV}$. The data are compared to predictions from perturbative QCD in next-to-leading order in the strong coupling, in approximate next-to-next-to-leading order and in full next-to-next-to-leading order. Using also the recently published H1 jet data at high values of $Q^2$, the strong coupling constant $\alpha_s(M_Z)$ is determined in next-to-leading order.

55 data tables

Inclusive jet cross sections measured as a function of $P_T^{\rm jet}$ for $Q^2$ = 5.5-8.0 GeV$^2$. The correction factors on the theoretical cross sections $c^{\rm had}$ are listed together with their uncertainties. The radiative correction factors $c^{\rm rad}$ are already included in the quoted cross sections. Note that the uncertainties labelled $\delta^{E_{e^\prime}}$ and $\delta^{\theta_{e^\prime}}$ in Table 6 of the paper (arXiv:1611.03421v3) should be swapped. See Table 5 of arXiv:1406.4709v2 for details of the correlation model.

Inclusive jet cross sections measured as a function of $P_T^{\rm jet}$ for $Q^2$ = 8.0-11.0 GeV$^2$. The correction factors on the theoretical cross sections $c^{\rm had}$ are listed together with their uncertainties. The radiative correction factors $c^{\rm rad}$ are already included in the quoted cross sections. Note that the uncertainties labelled $\delta^{E_{e^\prime}}$ and $\delta^{\theta_{e^\prime}}$ in Table 6 of the paper (arXiv:1611.03421v3) should be swapped. See Table 5 of arXiv:1406.4709v2 for details of the correlation model.

Inclusive jet cross sections measured as a function of $P_T^{\rm jet}$ for $Q^2$ = 11.0-16.0 GeV$^2$. The correction factors on the theoretical cross sections $c^{\rm had}$ are listed together with their uncertainties. The radiative correction factors $c^{\rm rad}$ are already included in the quoted cross sections. Note that the uncertainties labelled $\delta^{E_{e^\prime}}$ and $\delta^{\theta_{e^\prime}}$ in Table 6 of the paper (arXiv:1611.03421v3) should be swapped. See Table 5 of arXiv:1406.4709v2 for details of the correlation model.

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Light isovector resonances in $\pi^- p \to \pi^-\pi^-\pi^+ p$ at 190 GeV/${\it c}$

The COMPASS collaboration Aghasyan, M. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; Alexeev, G.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 98 (2018) 092003, 2018.
Inspire Record 1655631 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82958

We have performed the most comprehensive resonance-model fit of $\pi^-\pi^-\pi^+$ states using the results of our previously published partial-wave analysis (PWA) of a large data set of diffractive-dissociation events from the reaction $\pi^- + p \to \pi^-\pi^-\pi^+ + p_\text{recoil}$ with a 190 GeV/$c$ pion beam. The PWA results, which were obtained in 100 bins of three-pion mass, $0.5 &lt; m_{3\pi} &lt; 2.5$ GeV/$c^2$, and simultaneously in 11 bins of the reduced four-momentum transfer squared, $0.1 &lt; t' &lt; 1.0$ $($GeV$/c)^2$, are subjected to a resonance-model fit using Breit-Wigner amplitudes to simultaneously describe a subset of 14 selected waves using 11 isovector light-meson states with $J^{PC} = 0^{-+}$, $1^{++}$, $2^{++}$, $2^{-+}$, $4^{++}$, and spin-exotic $1^{-+}$ quantum numbers. The model contains the well-known resonances $\pi(1800)$, $a_1(1260)$, $a_2(1320)$, $\pi_2(1670)$, $\pi_2(1880)$, and $a_4(2040)$. In addition, it includes the disputed $\pi_1(1600)$, the excited states $a_1(1640)$, $a_2(1700)$, and $\pi_2(2005)$, as well as the resonancelike $a_1(1420)$. We measure the resonance parameters mass and width of these objects by combining the information from the PWA results obtained in the 11 $t'$ bins. We extract the relative branching fractions of the $\rho(770) \pi$ and $f_2(1270) \pi$ decays of $a_2(1320)$ and $a_4(2040)$, where the former one is measured for the first time. In a novel approach, we extract the $t'$ dependence of the intensity of the resonances and of their phases. The $t'$ dependence of the intensities of most resonances differs distinctly from the $t'$ dependence of the nonresonant components. For the first time, we determine the $t'$ dependence of the phases of the production amplitudes and confirm that the production mechanism of the Pomeron exchange is common to all resonances.

2 data tables

Real and imaginary parts of the normalized transition amplitudes $\mathcal{T}_a$ of the 14 selected partial waves in the 1100 $(m_{3\pi}, t')$ cells (see Eq. (12) in the paper). The wave index $a$ represents the quantum numbers that uniquely define the partial wave. The quantum numbers are given by the shorthand notation $J^{PC} M^\varepsilon [$isobar$] \pi L$. We use this notation to label the transition amplitudes in the column headers. The $m_{3\pi}$ values that are given in the first column correspond to the bin centers. Each of the 100 $m_{3\pi}$ bins is 20 MeV/$c^2$ wide. Since the 11 $t'$ bins are non-equidistant, the lower and upper bounds of each $t'$ bin are given in the column headers. The transition amplitudes define the spin-density matrix elements $\varrho_{ab}$ for waves $a$ and $b$ according to Eq. (18). The spin-density matrix enters the resonance-model fit via Eqs. (33) and (34). The transition amplitudes are normalized via Eqs. (9), (16), and (17) such that the partial-wave intensities $\varrho_{aa} = |\mathcal{T}_a|^2$ are given in units of acceptance-corrected number of events. The relative phase $\Delta\phi_{ab}$ between two waves $a$ and $b$ is given by $\arg(\varrho_{ab}) = \arg(\mathcal{T}_a) - \arg(\mathcal{T}_b)$. Note that only relative phases are well-defined. The phase of the $1^{++}0^+ \rho(770) \pi S$ wave was set to $0^\circ$ so that the corresponding transition amplitudes are real-valued. In the PWA model, some waves are excluded in the region of low $m_{3\pi}$ (see paper and [Phys. Rev. D 95, 032004 (2017)] for a detailed description of the PWA model). For these waves, the transition amplitudes are set to zero. The tables with the covariance matrices of the transition amplitudes for all 1100 $(m_{3\pi}, t')$ cells can be downloaded via the 'Additional Resources' for this table.

Decay phase-space volume $I_{aa}$ for the 14 selected partial waves as a function of $m_{3\pi}$, normalized such that $I_{aa}(m_{3\pi} = 2.5~\text{GeV}/c^2) = 1$. The wave index $a$ represents the quantum numbers that uniquely define the partial wave. The quantum numbers are given by the shorthand notation $J^{PC} M^\varepsilon [$isobar$] \pi L$. We use this notation to label the decay phase-space volume in the column headers. The labels are identical to the ones used in the column headers of the table of the transition amplitudes. $I_{aa}$ is calculated using Monte Carlo integration techniques for fixed $m_{3\pi}$ values, which are given in the first column, in the range from 0.5 to 2.5 GeV/$c^2$ in steps of 10 MeV/$c^2$. The statistical uncertainties given for $I_{aa}$ are due to the finite number of Monte Carlo events. $I_{aa}(m_{3\pi})$ is defined in Eq. (6) in the paper and appears in the resonance model in Eqs. (19) and (20).


Update of the ALEPH non-strange spectral functions from hadronic $\tau$ decays

Davier, Michel ; Höcker, Andreas ; Malaescu, Bogdan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 74 (2014) 2803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1267648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77010

An update of the ALEPH non-strange spectral functions from hadronic $\tau$ decays is presented. Compared to the 2005 ALEPH publication, the main improvement is related to the use of a new method to unfold the measured mass spectra from detector effects. This procedure also corrects a previous problem in the correlations between the unfolded mass bins. Results from QCD studies and for the evaluation of the hadronic vacuum polarisation contribution to the anomalous muon magnetic moment are derived using the new spectral functions. They are found in agreement with published results based on the previous set of spectral functions.

23 data tables

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 25.471%

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi 2\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 9.239%

Differential mass squared cross section for the $\pi 3\pi^0$ channel presented here as the cross section multipled by the bin width. The data are normalised to a branching ratio of 0.977%

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Low-mass dark matter search using ionization signals in XENON100

The XENON collaboration Aprile, E. ; Aalbers, J. ; Agostini, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 092001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1463250 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78548

We perform a low-mass dark matter search using an exposure of 30\,kg$\times$yr with the XENON100 detector. By dropping the requirement of a scintillation signal and using only the ionization signal to determine the interaction energy, we lowered the energy threshold for detection to 0.7\,keV for nuclear recoils. No dark matter detection can be claimed because a complete background model cannot be constructed without a primary scintillation signal. Instead, we compute an upper limit on the WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section under the assumption that every event passing our selection criteria could be a signal event. Using an energy interval from 0.7\,keV to 9.1\,keV, we derive a limit on the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon cross section that excludes WIMPs with a mass of 6\,GeV/$c^2$ above $1.4 \times 10^{-41}$\,cm$^2$ at 90\% confidence level.

1 data table

WIMP exclusion limit on the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section at 90% confidence level.


A glimpse of gluons through deeply virtual compton scattering on the proton

Defurne, M. ; Martí Jiménez-Argüello, A. ; Ahmed, Z. ; et al.
Nature Commun. 8 (2017) 1408, 2017.
Inspire Record 1519829 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78261

The proton is composed of quarks and gluons, bound by the most elusive mechanism of strong interaction called confinement. In this work, the dynamics of quarks and gluons are investigated using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS): produced by a multi-GeV electron, a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton which subsequently radiates a high energy photon. Similarly to holography, measuring not only the magnitude but also the phase of the DVCS amplitude allows to perform 3D images of the internal structure of the proton. The phase is made accessible through the quantum-mechanical interference of DVCS with the Bethe-Heitler (BH) process, in which the final photon is emitted by the electron rather than the proton. We report herein the first full determination of the BH-DVCS interference by exploiting the distinct energy dependences of the DVCS and BH amplitudes. In the high energy regime where the scattering process is expected to occur off a single quark in the proton, these accurate measurements show an intriguing sensitivity to gluons, the carriers of the strong interaction.

40 data tables

Beam helicity independent cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined correlated systematic uncertainty, the second is the point-to-point systematic uncertainty to add quadratically to the statistical uncertainty.

Beam helicity dependent cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined correlated systematic uncertainty, the second is the point-to-point systematic uncertainty to add quadratically to the statistical uncertainty.

Beam helicity independent cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined correlated systematic uncertainty, the second is the point-to-point systematic uncertainty to add quadratically to the statistical uncertainty.

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Reanalysis of Rosenbluth measurements of the proton form factors

Gramolin, A.V. ; Nikolenko, D.M. ;
Phys.Rev.C 93 (2016) 055201, 2016.
Inspire Record 1431987 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77063

We present a reanalysis of the data from Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) experiments E140 [R. C. Walker et al., Phys. Rev. D 49, 5671 (1994)] and NE11 [L. Andivahis et al., Phys. Rev. D 50, 5491 (1994)] on elastic electron-proton scattering. This work is motivated by recent progress in calculating the corresponding radiative corrections and by the apparent discrepancy between the Rosenbluth and polarization transfer measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factors. New, corrected values for the scattering cross sections are presented, as well as a new form factor fit in the $Q^2$ range from 1 to 8.83 $\text{GeV}^2$. We also provide a complete set of revised formulas to account for radiative corrections in single-arm measurements of unpolarized elastic electron-proton scattering.

3 data tables

Radiative corrections and differential cross sections obtained by reanalysis of the measurements.

Radiative corrections and differential cross sections obtained by reanalysis of the measurements.

Radiative corrections and differential cross sections obtained by reanalysis of the measurements.


Measurement of the $\phi \to \pi^0 e^+e^-$ transition form factor with the KLOE detector

The KLOE-2 collaboration Anastasi, A. ; Babusci, D. ; Bencivenni, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 757 (2016) 362-367, 2016.
Inspire Record 1416825 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77046

A measurement of the vector to pseudoscalar conversion decay $\phi \to \pi^0 e^+e^-$ with the KLOE experiment is presented. A sample of $\sim 9500$ signal events was selected from a data set of 1.7 fb$^{-1}$ of $e^+e^-$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} \sim m_{\phi}$ collected at the DA$\Phi$NE $e^+e^-$ collider. These events were used to obtain the first measurement of the transition form factor $| F_{\phi \pi^0}(q^2) |$ and a new measurement of the branching ratio of the decay: $\rm{BR}\,(\phi \to \pi^0 e^+e^-) = (\,1.35 \pm 0.05^{\,\,+0.05}_{\,\,-0.10}\,) \times 10 ^{-5}$. The result improves significantly on previous measurements and is in agreement with theoretical predictions.

1 data table

KLOE measurement of the transition form factor $| F_{\phi \, \pi^0}(q^2) |$ of the $\phi \to \pi^0 e^+e^-$ decay.


Transverse-target-spin asymmetry in exclusive $\omega$-meson electroproduction

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 600, 2015.
Inspire Record 1391139 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75465

Hard exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons is studied with the HERMES spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off a transversely polarized hydrogen target. The amplitudes of five azimuthal modulations of the single-spin asymmetry of the cross section with respect to the transverse proton polarization are measured. They are determined in the entire kinematic region as well as for two bins in photon virtuality and momentum transfer to the nucleon. Also, a separation of asymmetry amplitudes into longitudinal and transverse components is done. These results are compared to a phenomenological model that includes the pion pole contribution. Within this model, the data favor a positive $\pi\omega$ transition form factor.

4 data tables

The amplitudes of the five sine and two cosine modulations as determined in the entire kinematic region. The results receive an additional 8.2% scale uncertainty corresponding to the target-polarization uncertainty.

The definition of intervals and the mean values of the kinematic variables.

Results on the kinematic dependences of the five asymmetry amplitudes $A_{UT}$ and two amplitudes $A_{UU}$. The first two columns correspond to the $-t'$ intervals $0.00 - 0.07 - 0.20$ GeV$^2$ and the last two columns to the $Q^{2}$ intervals $1.00 - 1.85 - 10.00$ GeV$^2$. The results receive an additional 8.2% scale uncertainty corresponding to the target-polarization uncertainty.

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Exclusive $\rho ^0$ meson photoproduction with a leading neutron at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, V. ; Baghdasaryan, A. ; Begzsuren, K. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 41, 2016.
Inspire Record 1387751 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74219

A first measurement is presented of exclusive photoproduction of $\rho^0$ mesons associated with leading neutrons at HERA. The data were taken with the H1 detector in the years $2006$ and $2007$ at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=319$ GeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of $1.16$ pb$^{-1}$. The $\rho^0$ mesons with transverse momenta $p_T<1$ GeV are reconstructed from their decays to charged pions, while leading neutrons carrying a large fraction of the incoming proton momentum, $x_L>0.35$, are detected in the Forward Neutron Calorimeter. The phase space of the measurement is defined by the photon virtuality $Q^2 < 2$ GeV$^2$, the total energy of the photon-proton system $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV and the polar angle of the leading neutron $\theta_n < 0.75$ mrad. The cross section of the reaction $\gamma p \to \rho^0 n \pi^+$ is measured as a function of several variables. The data are interpreted in terms of a double peripheral process, involving pion exchange at the proton vertex followed by elastic photoproduction of a $\rho^0$ meson on the virtual pion. In the framework of one-pion-exchange dominance the elastic cross section of photon-pion scattering, $\sigma^{\rm el}(\gamma\pi^+ \to \rho^0\pi^+)$, is extracted. The value of this cross section indicates significant absorptive corrections for the exclusive reaction $\gamma p\to\rho^0 n \pi^+$.

11 data tables

The $\gamma p$ cross section integrated in the domain $0.35 < x_L < 0.95$ and $-t^\prime < 1$~GeV$^2$ and averaged over the energy range $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV for two intervals of leading neutron transverse momentum.

Differential photoproduction cross sections ${\rm d}\sigma_{\gamma p}/{\rm d}x_L$ for the exclusive process $\gamma p \to \rho^0 n \pi^+$ in two regions of neutron transverse momentum and $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV. The statistical, uncorrelated and correlated systematic uncertainties, $\delta_{stat}$, $\delta_{sys}^{unc}$ and $\delta_{sys}^{cor}$ respectively, are given, which does not include the global normalisation error of $4.4\%$.

Double differential photoproduction cross sections ${\rm d^2}\sigma_{\gamma p}/{\rm d}x_L{\rm d}p_{T,n}^2$ in the range $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV. The statistical, uncorrelated and correlated systematic uncertainties, $\delta_{stat}$, $\delta_{sys}^{unc}$ and $\delta_{sys}^{cor}$ respectively, are given, which does not include the global normalisation error of $4.4\%$.

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Measurement of observables sensitive to coherence effects in hadronic Z decays with the OPAL detector at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Fischer, Nadine ; Gieseke, Stefan ; Kluth, Stefan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 571, 2015.
Inspire Record 1367303 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73695

A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397000 $e^+e^-$ hadronic annihilation events collected at $\sqrt{s}=91$ GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions.

14 data tables

The normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the emission angle $\theta_{14}$.

The correlation matrix of the normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the emission angle $\theta_{14}$.

The normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the mass ratio $\rho=M_L^2/M_H^2$.

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Higher Moments of Net-proton Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Alakhverdyants, A.V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 105 (2010) 022302, 2010.
Inspire Record 853304 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73344

We report the first measurements of the kurtosis (\kappa), skewness (S) and variance (\sigma^2) of net-proton multiplicity (N_p - N_pbar) distributions at midrapidity for Au+Au collisions at \sqrt(s_NN) = 19.6, 62.4, and 200 GeV corresponding to baryon chemical potentials (\mu_B) between 200 - 20 MeV. Our measurements of the products \kappa \sigma^2 and S \sigma, which can be related to theoretical calculations sensitive to baryon number susceptibilities and long range correlations, are constant as functions of collision centrality. We compare these products with results from lattice QCD and various models without a critical point and study the \sqrt(s_NN) dependence of \kappa \sigma^2. From the measurements at the three beam energies, we find no evidence for a critical point in the QCD phase diagram for \mu_B below 200 MeV.

40 data tables

$\Delta N_p$ multiplicity distribution in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV for 0-5 percent central collisions at midrapidity (| y |< 0.5).

$\Delta N_p$ multiplicity distribution in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV for 30-40 percent central collisions at midrapidity (| y |< 0.5).

$\Delta N_p$ multiplicity distribution in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV for 70-80 percent central collisions at midrapidity (| y |< 0.5).

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Energy Dependence of Moments of Net-proton Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 032302, 2014.
Inspire Record 1255072 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73343

We report the beam energy (\sqrt s_{NN} = 7.7 - 200 GeV) and collision centrality dependence of the mean (M), standard deviation (\sigma), skewness (S), and kurtosis (\kappa) of the net-proton multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions. The measurements are carried out by the STAR experiment at midrapidity (|y| < 0.5) and within the transverse momentum range 0.4 < pT < 0.8 GeV/c in the first phase of the Beam Energy Scan program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. These measurements are important for understanding the Quantum Chromodynamic (QCD) phase diagram. The products of the moments, S\sigma and \kappa\sigma^{2}, are sensitive to the correlation length of the hot and dense medium created in the collisions and are related to the ratios of baryon number susceptibilities of corresponding orders. The products of moments are found to have values significantly below the Skellam expectation and close to expectations based on independent proton and anti-proton production. The measurements are compared to a transport model calculation to understand the effect of acceptance and baryon number conservation, and also to a hadron resonance gas model.

46 data tables

$\Delta N_p$ multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{S_{NN}}=7.7$ GeV for 0-5 percent, 30-40 percent and 70-80 percent collision centralities at midrapidity.

$\Delta N_p$ multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{S_{NN}}=11.5$ GeV for 0-5 percent, 30-40 percent and 70-80 percent collision centralities at midrapidity.

$\Delta N_p$ multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{S_{NN}}=19.6$ GeV for 0-5 percent, 30-40 percent and 70-80 percent collision centralities at midrapidity.

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Measurement of the $\bar{B} \rightarrow X_s \gamma$ Branching Fraction with a Sum of Exclusive Decays

The Belle collaboration Saito, T. ; Ishikawa, A. ; Yamamoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 052004, 2015.
Inspire Record 1330289 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72902

We use 772$\times 10^6$ $B \bar{B}$ meson pairs collected at the $\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance with the Belle detector to measure the branching fraction for $\bar{B} \rightarrow X_s \gamma$. Our measurement uses a sum-of-exclusives approach in which 38 of the hadronic final states with strangeness equal to $+1$, denoted by $X_s$, are reconstructed. The inclusive branching fraction for $M_{X_s}<$ 2.8 GeV/$c^2$, which corresponds to a minimum photon energy of 1.9 GeV, is measured to be ${\cal B}(\bar{B} \rightarrow X_s \gamma)=(3.51\pm0.17\pm0.33)\times10^{-4}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.

1 data table

The yields and partial branching fraction in each $M_{X_s}$ mass bin for the decay $\bar{B} \rightarrow X_s \gamma$, where $\bar{B}$ is either $\bar{B}^0$ or $B^-$, $X_s$ denotes all the hadron combinations that carry strangeness of +1, and charge conjugation is implied.


Measurement of Parity-Violating Asymmetry in Electron-Deuteron Inelastic Scattering

Wang, D. ; Pan, K. ; Subedi, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 91 (2015) 045506, 2015.
Inspire Record 1327482 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72848

The parity-violating asymmetries between a longitudinally-polarized electron beam and an unpolarized deuterium target have been measured recently. The measurement covered two kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region and five in the nucleon resonance region. We provide here details of the experimental setup, data analysis, and results on all asymmetry measurements including parity-violating electron asymmetries and those of inclusive pion production and beam-normal asymmetries. The parity-violating deep-inelastic asymmetries were used to extract the electron-quark weak effective couplings, and the resonance asymmetries provided the first evidence for quark-hadron duality in electroweak observables. These electron asymmetries and their interpretation were published earlier, but are presented here in more detail.

5 data tables

Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab.

Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab, for RES I settings.

Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab, for RES II settings.

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The spin structure function $g_1^{\rm p}$ of the proton and a test of the Bjorken sum rule

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Akhunzyanov, R. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 753 (2016) 18-28, 2016.
Inspire Record 1357198 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72819

New results for the double spin asymmetry $A_1^{\rm p}$ and the proton longitudinal spin structure function $g_1^{\rm p}$ are presented. They were obtained by the COMPASS collaboration using polarised 200 GeV muons scattered off a longitudinally polarised NH$_3$ target. The data were collected in 2011 and complement those recorded in 2007 at 160\,GeV, in particular at lower values of $x$. They improve the statistical precision of $g_1^{\rm p}(x)$ by about a factor of two in the region $x\lesssim 0.02$. A next-to-leading order QCD fit to the $g_1$ world data is performed. It leads to a new determination of the quark spin contribution to the nucleon spin, $\Delta \Sigma$ ranging from 0.26 to 0.36, and to a re-evaluation of the first moment of $g_1^{\rm p}$. The uncertainty of $\Delta \Sigma$ is mostly due to the large uncertainty in the present determinations of the gluon helicity distribution. A new evaluation of the Bjorken sum rule based on the COMPASS results for the non-singlet structure function $g_1^{\rm NS}(x,Q^2)$ yields as ratio of the axial and vector coupling constants $|g_{\rm A}/g_{\rm V}| = 1.22 \pm 0.05~({\rm stat.}) \pm 0.10~({\rm syst.})$, which validates the sum rule to an accuracy of about 9\%.

3 data tables

Values of $A_1^{\rm p}$ and $g_1^{\rm p}$ for the 2011 COMPASS data at 200 GeV in ($x$, $Q^2$) bins.

Values of $A_1^{\rm p}$ and $g_1^{\rm p}$ for the 2011 COMPASS data at 200 GeV in $x$ bins averaged over $Q^2$.

Values of $A_1^{\rm p}$ for the 2007 COMPASS data at 160 GeV in ($x$, $Q^2$) bins.


Centrality and transverse momentum dependence of elliptic flow of multistrange hadrons and $\phi$ meson in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 062301, 2016.
Inspire Record 1383879 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71571

We present high precision measurements of elliptic flow near midrapidity ($|y|<1.0$) for multi-strange hadrons and $\phi$ meson as a function of centrality and transverse momentum in Au+Au collisions at center of mass energy $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 200 GeV. We observe that the transverse momentum dependence of $\phi$ and $\Omega$ $v_{2}$ is similar to that of $\pi$ and $p$, respectively, which may indicate that the heavier strange quark flows as strongly as the lighter up and down quarks. This observation constitutes a clear piece of evidence for the development of partonic collectivity in heavy-ion collisions at the top RHIC energy. Number of constituent quark scaling is found to hold within statistical uncertainty for both 0-30$\%$ and 30-80$\%$ collision centrality. There is an indication of the breakdown of previously observed mass ordering between $\phi$ and proton $v_{2}$ at low transverse momentum in the 0-30$\%$ centrality range, possibly indicating late hadronic interactions affecting the proton $v_{2}$.

23 data tables

No description provided.

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A Measurement of the strong coupling constant $\alpha^- s$ in $W$ boson production at the CERN $p\bar{p}$ collider

Lindgren, M. ; Ikeda, M. ; Joyce, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 45 (1992) 3038-3041, 1992.
Inspire Record 317667 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6542

The strong coupling constant αs has been determined from a study of the reaction p¯p→W±X, W→eν at s of 630 GeV in the UA1 experiment at CERN. The measurement is based upon a study of jet production in association with W bosons. The result obtained is αs(MW2)=0.127±0.026(stat)±0.034(syst).

2 data tables

Systematic error not given.

No description provided.


A Study of rho and Omega Production in pi+ p Interactions at 15.7-GeV/c

Ferguson, Merl McDonald, Jr. ;
Phys.Rev.D 36 (1987) 1961, 1987.
Inspire Record 210652 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.12775

We report the results of a study of ρ and ω production in π+p interactions at 15.7 GeV/c. The SLAC hybrid bubble-chamber facility was used to study reactions in which neutral particles are produced. Three tantalum plates inside the 40-in. bubble chamber and a large array of lead glass downstream of the chamber provided photon detection over a large solid angle. Final states with two neutral particles have been isolated with kinematic fits in which neutral pions were reconstructed in the plates and lead glass. Data from an earlier untriggered π+p bubble-chamber experiment at 15 GeV/c were used to obtain samples of events in channels which did not trigger the hybrid system. Cross sections for ρ and ω production are given for several exclusive final states. Relative ρ and ω production rates are studied. The ratio of nondiffractive ω to ρ0 production is measured to be ω/ρ0=0.44±0.07. We estimate the inclusive ω cross section to be 1.9±0.3 mb. The results are compared to the Lund model of low-pT hadronic reactions.

9 data tables

OMEGA cross sections have been corrected to allow for all decay modes.

No description provided.

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Spin density matrix elements in exclusive $\omega$ electroproduction on $^1$H and $^2$H targets at 27.5 GeV beam energy

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 74 (2014) 3110, 2014.
Inspire Record 1305286 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70751

Exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons on unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets is studied in the kinematic region of Q$^2$>1.0 GeV$^2$, 3.0 GeV < W < 6.3 GeV, and -t'< 0.2 GeV$^2$. Results on the angular distribution of the $\omega$ meson, including its decay products, are presented. The data were accumulated with the HERMES forward spectrometer during the 1996-2007 running period using the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron or positron beam of HERA. The determination of the virtual-photon longitudinal-to-transverse cross-section ratio reveals that a considerable part of the cross section arises from transversely polarized photons. Spin density matrix elements are presented in projections of Q$^2$ or -t'. Violation of s-channel helicity conservation is observed for some of these elements. A sizable contribution from unnatural-parity-exchange amplitudes is found and the phase shift between those amplitudes that describe transverse $\omega$ production by longitudinal and transverse virtual photons, $\gamma^{*}_{L} \to \omega_{T}$ and $\gamma^{*}_{T} \to \omega_{T}$, is determined for the first time. A hierarchy of helicity amplitudes is established, which mainly means that the unnatural-parity-exchange amplitude describing the $\gamma^*_T \to \omega_T$ transition dominates over the two natural-parity-exchange amplitudes describing the $\gamma^*_L \to \omega_L$ and $\gamma^*_T \to \omega_T$ transitions, with the latter two being of similar magnitude. Good agreement is found between the HERMES proton data and results of a pQCD-inspired phenomenological model that includes pion-pole contributions, which are of unnatural parity.

9 data tables

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs from the proton and deuteron data.

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs for the proton data in $Q^2$ intervals: $1.00 - 1.57 - 2.55 - 10.00$ GeV$^2$.

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs for the proton data in $-t'$ intervals: $0.000 - 0.044 - 0.105 - 0.200$ GeV$^2$.

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Properties of $\pi^0$ Mesons Produced with Strange Particles in $\pi^- - p$ and $\pi^- - C$ Interactions

Belyakov, V.A. ; Wang, Yung-Ch'ang ; Viryasov, N.M. ; et al.
Sov.Phys.JETP 17 (1963) 991-995, 1963.
Inspire Record 1387688 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70201

This investigation was performed with a 24-liter propane bubble chamber [i] and is a continu- ation of our previous work on the production of strange particles by 7-8-BeV 1r- mesons on hydrogen and carbon. [ 2 - 5 ] The properties of 1r 0 mesons inferred from the y quanta accom- panying A and K 0 production are given, and are compared with the properties of 1r+ and 7r- mesons emitted in A and K 0 production processes. The possibility of a resonance with radi- ative decay is noted.

2 data tables

No description provided.

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Elastic scattering of 360 MeV positive $\pi$ mesons by protons

Mitin, N.A. ; Grigor'ev, E.L. ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 5 (1957) 378, 1957.
Inspire Record 1387578 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39796

Photographic plates were used to study the angular distribotion of 360 plus or minus 10 Mev pi /sup +/ mesons elastically scattered by protons. The differential cross sections derived from 218 scattering events for SP analysis and for SPD analysis are given. The phase shifts which correspond to these distributions are also given.

1 data table

No description provided.