Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (?////).
Axis error includes +- 7/7 contribution (/LUMINOCITY, RADIATIVE CORRECTIONS, NUCLEAR ABSORPTION AND DECAY IN FLIGHT).
We present a series of numerical and statistical techniques for interpolating and combining ("amalgamating") data from meson-nucleon scattering experiments. These techniques have been extensively applied to πp elastic and charge-exchange differential-cross-section and polarization data in the resonance region. The amalgamation is done by fitting a momentum- and angle-dependent interpolating surface to the data over a moderately narrow momentum range, typically ∼150 MeV/c, using the interpolating surface to shift data in a narrower central momentum region into fixed angular bins at a predetermined central momentum, and then statistically combining the data in each bin. The fitting procedure takes into account normalization errors, momentum calibration errors, momentum resolution, electromagnetic corrections, threshold structure, and inconsistencies among the data. The full covariance matrix of the amalgamated data is calculated, including contributions of statistical error, systematic error, and interpolation error. Techniques are presented for extracting from the covariance matrix information on the collective statistical fluctuations which correlate the errors of the amalgamated data. These fluctuations are described in terms of "correlation vectors" which facilitate the use of the amalgamated data as input for resonance-region phenomenology.
Results are presented of measurements of the polarisation parameter for the reaction π−p→π°n : π°→γγ at 22 incident momenta in the resonance region. These results are generally in agreement with those of previous measurements and in qualitative agreement with predictions of phase shift analyses.
New formulae for constructing the pion photoproduction amplitude J from experimental data are presented. The phase of J is expressed in terms of its zeroes in the energy plane, the particle poles and a dispersion integral over the modulus of J , the latter being given, except for a finite unphysical interval, in terms of differential cross sections and recoil nucleon polarizations. For γ p→ π + n at t ≈−0.870 μ 2 , where the unphysical-region contribution vanishes, the zeroes are found approximately, so that the phase of J can be uniquely determined from the experimental data.
The most recent total-cross-section data are used to calculate real parts of the forward elastic π±p scattering amplitudes from threshold to 240 GeV/c. Using statistical and systematic uncertainties of the total cross sections and their momenta, along with uncertainties of the subtraction and coupling constants, unphysical cuts, and cross-section extrapolations, we calculate the uncertainties of the real amplitudes. Our results are compared to experimental and other theoretical determinations of the π±p forward real amplitudes.