Data on correlations between momentum analysed protons, pions or K mesons, and charged particles produced in pp collisions at the CERN ISR are presented. The charged particles were detected in a ∼4 π scintillation counter hodoscope. The pseudo-rapidity distributions are well described by production within the limits of cylindrical phase space, with negative kaons and antiprotons yielding narrower distributions than protons, pions and positive kaons. The azimuthal distributions show symmetry around the t -channel axis in the rest frame of the recoiling mass M x in pp → aX (a = detected proton, pion, positive kaon).
Properties of the hadron multiplicity distributions in 280 GeV/c μ<sup loc="post">+</sup>p interactions have been investigated. The c.m. energy dependence in the range from 4 to 20 GeV of the total charged multiplicities are presented. No variation faster than logarithmic is seen in the energy range of this experiment. Comparison with νp and <math altimg="si1.gif"><ovl type="bar" style="s">ν</ovl><rm>p</rm></math> data at lower energy has been made and shows good agreement between μ<sup loc="post">+</sup>p and <math altimg="si1.gif"><ovl type="bar" style="s">ν</ovl><rm>p</rm></math> total charged multiplicities. It has been found that the average forward multiplicity (charged hadrons with xF > 0) exceeds the average backward multiplicity (charged hadrons with xF < 0) in the whole energy range and presents a different energy variation. The average forward multiplicity has been compared to e<sup loc="post">+</sup>e<sup loc="post">−</sup> data and shows a similar dependence on energy. Little correlation was observed between the forward and backward multiplicities indicating that the current and target regions fragment almost independently.
Charm D-meson production in 360 GeV π − p interactions has been studied using the high-resolution hydrogen bubble chamber LEBC and the European Hybrid Spectrometer. The data show evidence for leading quark effects both in the number of D-meson types and in the Feynman x distributions. The production cross section is of the form d 2 δ d x d p T 2 ∞(1-x) n exp (-ap T 2 ) with n = 2.8±0.8 and a = 1.1±0.3 (GeV/ c ) −2 . The x distribution is, however, compatible with the presence of both central ( n = 6) and leading (n = 1) D / D production. The fraction of D-messons in the leading component is estimated to be ≈30%. The rapidity gap between members of reconstructed charm pairs is small compared to the available rapidity range. The inclusive cross section for single D-messons in the forward direction is: δ(D/ D )=(40 8 +15 )μ b ( for x>0) .
Charm D-meson production in 360 GeV pp interactions has been studied using the high-resolution hydrogen bubble chamber LEBC and the European Hybrid Spectrometer. D-mesons are produced with a differential cross section of the form d 2 σ d x d p T 2 δ(1-x) n exp (-ap T 2 ) , with n =1.8± 0.8 and a =1.1±0.03 GeV/ c −2 for the Feynman x and Transverse momentum p T behaviour. The inclusive partle prticle crossssection for D and D̄;measured to be: σ(D/ D ̄ ) = (56 −12 25 μ b (for all x ). The Λ c D ̄ cross section can be estimated to be ≈20 μ b. No strong correlation is observed between DD̄ pairs. The results are compared with results from a study of D-meaon production in 360 GeV/ c π − p interactions also using LEBC-EHS.
Hard hadronic scattering was studied by selecting 150 GeV and 300 GeV π − p and pp events with large energy in a 240 cell calorimeter covering 45† to 135† in the c.m.s. polar angle and the full 2 π azimuth. A downstream calorimeter measured the remaining energy flow at smaller angles. For large energy deposited in the segmented calorimeter the proton induced cross section drops below the pion induced cross section, as expected in a constituent scattering picture. However, neither a simple energy scaling of the cross section nor a dominant jet structure of the events is observed. No evidence was found for recently proposed higher-twist mechanisms leading to events
We have measured 〈p⊥〉 as a function of multiplicity for the reaction proton (antiproton) on proton, neon, argon, and xenon. For all reactions, 〈p⊥〉 is independent of multiplicity. We observed that the pion-emission volume is the same for both hydrogen and xenon targets and has a radius about 1.5 fm. Our analysis shows no indication of a deconfinement phase transition in nuclear matter.
In a search for short lived particles with a high resolution C 3 F 8 bubble chamber and a streamer chamber, 21 charmed meson candidates produced by 340 GeV cπ − have been identified. The cross section for associated charm production is (28±11) μb per nucleon assuming a linear A -dependence. The mean lifetimes of the D mesons in units of 10 −13 s are τ( D 0 , D ̄ 0 ) = 4.1 −1.3 +2.6 ± 0.5, τ( D ± ) = 6.3 −2.3 4.8 ± 1.5 .
LINEAR A DEPENDENCE ASSUMED FROM PROD. OF 33+-13 D-DBAR EVENTS.
Large transverse energy cross sections of 300 GeV/ c pions and protons on hydrogen have been measured with a segmented calorimeter covering the central rapidity region −0.88 < y < 0.67 and 2 π in azimuth. The selected events show large multiplicities and no jet-like event structure. Processes more complicated than the scattering of two constituents appear to dominate these inelastic collisions.