Inclusive Production of Charged Pions, Charged and Neutral Kaons and Anti-protons in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at 10-{GeV} and in Direct $\Upsilon$ Decays

The ARGUS collaboration Albrecht, H. ; Bockmann, P. ; Glaser, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 44 (1989) 547, 1989.
Inspire Record 276860 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15362

Using the ARGUS detector at thee+e− storage ring DORIS II, we have investigated inclusive production of π±,K±,Ks0 and\(\bar p\) in multihadron events at 9.98 GeV and in direct decays of the ϒ(1S) meson, i.e. from quark and gluon fragmentation. The most pronounced difference is the rate of baryon production. The Lund Monte Carlo program gives a reasonable qualitative description, although it cannot reproduce our data in detail.

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Inclusive $\phi$ Meson Production in Electron - Positron Interactions in the Energy Region of the $\Upsilon$ Resonances

The ARGUS collaboration Albrecht, H. ; Bockmann, P. ; Glaser, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 41 (1989) 557, 1989.
Inspire Record 262551 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15528

We report on a high precision measurement of ϕ-meson production in continuum events and in direct decays of the Υ(1S)- and Υ(2S)-mesons. The ratio of the total production rate of ϕ-mesons in direct Υ(1S)- and Υ(2S)-decays over that in continuum events is 1.32±0.08±0.09 and 1.07±0.13±0.11 respectively. This is compatible with the corresponding ratio obtained for lighter mesons, but is appreciably smaller than the relative baryon production rate.

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THE PRODUCTION OF anti-SIGMA+- 's IN e+ e- ANNIHILATION

Ferguson, T. ; Buchanan, C.D. ; Nodulman, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 79 (1978) 161-164, 1978.
Inspire Record 140042 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27422

We find an increase in ∑ ± production between E cm = 4 and 7 GeV which is consistent with charmed baryon production models. A search for the decay ∧ c − → ∑ ± π ± π − yields no significant peaks.

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Measurement of the Omega / Xi production ratio in central S - W interactions at 200-A-GeV/c

The WA85 collaboration Abatzis, S. ; Andrighetto, A. ; Antinori, F. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 347 (1995) 158-160, 1995.
Inspire Record 402400 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27095

Strange baryon and in particular multi-strange baryon production is suggested to be a useful probe in the search for quark gluon plasma formation in heavy ion collisions. We have measured the (Ω − + Ω + ) (Ξ − + Ξ + ) production ratio to be 0.8±0.4 at central rapidity and ϱ T > 1.6 GeV/c.

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Measurement of leading proton and neutron production in deep inelastic scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Adloff, C. ; Anderson, M. ; Andreev, V. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 6 (1999) 587-602, 1999.
Inspire Record 478983 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.44169

Deep--inelastic scattering events with a leading baryon have been detected by the H1 experiment at HERA using a forward proton spectrometer and a forward neutron calorimeter. Semi--inclusive cross sections have been measured in the kinematic region 2 <= Q^2 <= 50 GeV^2, 6.10^-5 <= x <= 6.10^-3 and baryon p_T <= MeV, for events with a final state proton with energy 580 <= E' <= 740 GeV, or a neutron with energy E' >= 160 GeV. The measurements are used to test production models and factorization hypotheses. A Regge model of leading baryon production which consists of pion, pomeron and secondary reggeon exchanges gives an acceptable description of both semi-inclusive cross sections in the region 0.7 <= E'/E_p <= 0.9, where E_p is the proton beam energy. The leading neutron data are used to estimate for the first time the structure function of the pion at small Bjorken--x.

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Strange particle production in sulphur - tungsten interactions at 200-GeV/c per nucleon

The WA85 collaboration Kinson, J.B. ; Abatzis, S. ; Antinori, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 544 (1992) 321-334, 1992.
Inspire Record 321220 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36664

Multi-strange baryon and anti-baryon production is expected to be a useful probe in the search for Quark-Gluon Plasma formation. We present the transverse mass distributions of negative particles, K o s, Λs, Λ s, and Ξ − s produced in sulphurtungsten interactions at 200 GeV/c per nucleon and give the corrected ratios Λ Λ, Ξ − Λ and Ξ − /Λ . We note that our ratio Ξ − / Λ appears large in comparison to that from p p interactions.

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Strangeness production in deep inelastic positron - proton scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Aid, S. ; Anderson, M. ; Andreev, V. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 480 (1996) 3-34, 1996.
Inspire Record 421030 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.44711

Measurements are presented of $K~0$ meson and $\Lambda$ baryon production in deep-inelastic positron-proton scattering (DIS) in the kinematic range $10 < Q~2 < 70\,$GeV$~2$ and $10~{-4} < x < 10~{-2}$. The measurements, obtained using the H1 detector at the HERA collider, are discussed in the light of possible mechanisms for increased strangeness production at low Bjorken-$x$. Comparisons of the $x_F$ spectra, where $x_F$ is the fractional longitudinal momentum in the hadronic centre-of-mass frame, with results from electron-positron annihilation are made. The $x_F$ spectra and the $K~0$ ``seagull'' plot are compared with previous DIS results. The mean $K~0$ and $\Lambda$ multiplicities are studied as a function of the centre-of-mass energy $W$ and are observed to be consistent with a logarithmic increase with $W$ when compared with previous measurements. A comparison of the levels of strangeness production in diffractive and non-diffractive DIS is made. An upper limit of $0.9\,$nb, at the $95\%$ confidence level, is placed on the cross-section for QCD instanton induced events.

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Midrapidity Lambda and anti-Lambda production in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 89 (2002) 092301, 2002.
Inspire Record 584141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99050

We report the first measurement of strange ($\Lambda$) and anti-strange ($\bar{\Lambda}$) baryon production from $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=130$ GeV Au+Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Rapidity density and transverse mass distributions at mid-rapidity are presented as a function of centrality. The yield of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons is found to be approximately proportional to the number of negative hadrons. The production of $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons relative to negative hadrons increases very rapidly with transverse momentum. The magnitude of the increase cannot be described by existing hadronic string fragmentation models.

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Inclusive $\Sigma^{+}$ and $\Sigma^0$ production in hadronic $Z$ decays

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 479 (2000) 79-88, 2000.
Inspire Record 524450 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49982

We report on measurements of the inclusive production rate of Sigma+ and Sigma0 baryons in hadronic Z decays collected with the L3 detector at LEP. The Sigma+ baryons are detected through the decay Sigma+ -> p pi0, while the Sigma0 baryons are detected via the decay mode Sigma0 -> Lambda gamma. The average numbers of Sigma+ and Sigma0 per hadronic Z decay are measured to be: &lt; N_Sigma+ > + &lt; N_Sigma+~ > = 0.114 +/- 0.011 (stat) +/- 0.009 (syst), &lt; N_Sigma0 > + &lt; N_Sigma0~ > = 0.095 +/- 0.015 (stat) +/- 0.013 (syst). These rates are found to be higher than the predictions from Monte Carlo hadronization models and analytical parameterizations of strange baryon production.

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Identified charged particles in quark and gluon jets

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 17 (2000) 207-222, 2000.
Inspire Record 524696 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50064

A sample of 2.2 million hadronic Z decays, selected from the data recorded by the Delphi detector at LEP during 1994-1995 was used for an improved measurement of inclusive distributions of pi+, K+ and p and their antiparticles in gluon and quark jets. The production spectra of the individual identified particles were found to be softer in gluon jets compared to quark jets, with a higher multiplicity in gluon jets as observed for inclusive charged particles. A significant proton enhancement in gluon jets is observed indicating that baryon production proceeds directly from colour objects. The maxima, xi^*, of the xi-distributions for kaons in gluon and quark jets are observed to be different.

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