Nuclear decay following deep inelastic scattering of 470-GeV muons

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 5198-5201, 1995.
Inspire Record 404381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19632

We detected 1–10 MeV neutrons at laboratory angles from 80° to 140° in coincidence with 470 GeV muons deep inelastically scattered from H, D, C, Ca, and Pb targets. The neutron energy spectrum for Pb can be fitted with two components with temperature parameters of 0.7 and 5.0 MeV. The average neutron multiplicity for 40<ν<400 GeV is about 5 for Pb, and less than 2 for Ca and C. These data are consistent with a process in which the emitted hadrons do not interact with the rest of the nucleus within distances smaller than the radius of Ca, but do interact within distances on the order of the radius of Pb in the measured kinematic range. For all targets the lack of high nuclear excitation is surprising.

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Proton and deuteron structure functions in muon scattering at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 54 (1996) 3006-3056, 1996.
Inspire Record 416076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42347

The proton and deuteron structure functions F2p and F2d are measured in inelastic muon scattering with an average beam energy of 470 GeV. The data were taken at Fermilab experiment E665 during 1991 and 1992 using liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. The F2 measurements are reported in the range 0.0008<x<0.6 and 0.2<Q2<75 GeV2. These are the first precise measurements of F2 in the low x and Q2 range of the data. In the high x range of the data where they overlap in x and Q2 with the measurements from NMC, the two measurements are in agreement. The E665 data also overlap in x with the DESY HERA data, and there is a smooth connection in Q2 between the two data sets. At high Q2 the E665 measurements are consistent with QCD-evolved leading twist structure function models. The data are qualitatively described by structure function models incorporating the hadronic nature of the photon at low Q2. The Q2 and the W dependence of the data measure the transition in the nature of the photon between a pointlike probe at high Q2 and a hadronic object at low Q2.

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Extraction of the ratio $F2_n / F2_p$ from muon - deuteron and muon - proton scattering at small $x$ and Q**2

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 1466-1470, 1995.
Inspire Record 393866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42379

The ratio of the deuteron to proton structure functions is measured at very small Bjorken x (down to 10–6) and for Q2>0.001 GeV2 from scattering of 470 GeV muons on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. The ratio F2n/F2p extracted from these measurements is found to be constant, at a value of 0.935±0.008±0.034, for x<0.01. This result suggests the presence of nuclear shadowing effects in the deuteron. The dependence of the ratio on Q2 is also examined; no significant variation is found.

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Measurement of nuclear transparencies from exclusive $\rho^0$ meson production in muon - nucleus scattering at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 1525-1529, 1995.
Inspire Record 379818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42484

Nuclear transparencies measured in exclusive incoherent ρ0 meson production from hydrogen, deuterium, carbon, calcium, and lead in muon-nucleus scattering are reported. The data were obtained with the E665 spectrometer using the Fermilab Tevatron muon beam with a mean beam energy of 470 GeV. Increases in the nuclear transparencies are observed as the virtuality of the photon increases, in qualitative agreement with the expectations of color transparency.

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Shadowing in the muon xenon inelastic scattering cross-section at 490-GeV

The Fermilab E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 287 (1992) 375-380, 1992.
Inspire Record 341389 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29153

Inelastic scattering of 490 GeV μ + from deuterium and xenon nuclei has been studied for x Bj > s .001. The ratio of the xenon/deuterium cross section per nucleon is observed to vary with x Bj , with a depletion in the kinematic range 0.001 < x Bj < 0.025 which exhibits no significant Q 2 dependence. An electromagnetic calorimeter was used to verify the radiative corrections.

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Distributions of charged hadrons observed in deep inelastic muon - deuterium scattering at 490-GeV

The E-665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 272 (1991) 163-168, 1991.
Inspire Record 318993 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29288

Longitudinal and transverse momentum spectra of final state hadrons produced in deep-inelastic muon-deuterium scattering at incident muon energy of 490 GeV have been measured up to a hadronic center of mass energy of 30 GeV. The longitudinal distributions agree well with data from earlier muon-nucleon scattering experiments; these distributions tend to increase in steepness as the center of mass energy increases. Comparisons with e + e − data at comparable center of mass energies indicate slight differences. The transverse momentum distributions show an increase in mean p T 2 with an increase in the center of mass energy.

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Single Neutral Pion Production by Charged-Current $\bar{\nu}_\mu$ Interactions on Hydrocarbon at $\langle E_\nu \rangle = $3.6 GeV

The MINERvA collaboration Le, T. ; Palomino, J.L. ; Aliaga, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 749 (2015) 130-136, 2015.
Inspire Record 1351216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73317

Single neutral pion production via muon antineutrino charged-current interactions in plastic scintillator (CH) is studied using the \minerva detector exposed to the NuMI low-energy, wideband antineutrino beam at Fermilab. Measurement of this process constrains models of neutral pion production in nuclei, which is important because the neutral-current analog is a background for $\bar{\nu}_e$ appearance oscillation experiments. The differential cross sections for $\pi^0$ momentum and production angle, for events with a single observed $\pi^0$ and no charged pions, are presented and compared to model predictions. These results comprise the first measurement of the $\pi^0$ kinematics for this process.

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Photoproduction of D mesons

The E-687 collaboration Buchholz, D. ; Frabetti, P.L. ; Bogart, C.W. ; et al.
Inspire Record 300996 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43002
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Azimuthal Energy Flow in Deep Inelastic Neutrino Scattering

Mukherjee, A. ; Bofill, J. ; Busza, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 991, 1988.
Inspire Record 252080 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3134

The azimuthal dependence of the flow of hadronic energy about the momentum-transfer direction in charged-current deep-inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering is used to study gluon emission and the transverse momentum 〈kT〉 of partons confined inside the nucleon. A 7-standard-deviation azimuthal asymmetry is observed indicating an average 〈kT〉=0.303±0.041 GeV/c.

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Measurement of Partonic Nuclear Effects in Deep-Inelastic Neutrino Scattering using MINERvA

The MINERvA collaboration Mousseau, J. ; Wospakrik, M. ; Aliaga, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 071101, 2016.
Inspire Record 1416818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77044

The MINERvA collaboration reports a novel study of neutrino-nucleus charged-current deep inelastic scattering (DIS) using the same neutrino beam incident on targets of polystyrene, graphite, iron, and lead. Results are presented as ratios of C, Fe, and Pb to CH. The ratios of total DIS cross sections as a function of neutrino energy and flux-integrated differential cross sections as a function of the Bjorken scaling variable x are presented in the neutrino-energy range of 5 - 50 GeV. Good agreement is found between the data and predicted ratios, based on charged-lepton nucleus scattering, at medium x and low neutrino energies. However, the data rate appears depleted in the vicinity of the nuclear shadowing region, x < 0.1. This apparent deficit, reflected in the DIS cross-section ratio at high neutrino energy , is consistent with previous MINERvA observations and with the predicted onset of nuclear shadowing with the the axial-vector current in neutrino scattering.

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Zielinski, M. ; Berg, D. ; Chandlee, C. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 16 (1983) 197-204, 1983.
Inspire Record 190869 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16390

We have carried out a systematic study of the coherent dissociation of pions into 3 pions using nuclear targets. The experiment was performed at Fermilab using a high resolution forward spectrometer. Data were taken with carbon, copper and lead targets at an incident momentum of 202.5 GeV/c. Results are presented on momentum transfers, 3-pion masses, and on the nuclearA-dependence of the production cross section.

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Measurement of $K^{+}$ production in charged-current $\nu_{\mu}$ interactions

The MINERvA collaboration Marshall, C.M. ; Aliaga, L. ; Altinok, O. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 012002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1446753 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78539

Production of K^{+} mesons in charged-current \nu_{\mu} interactions on plastic scintillator (CH) is measured using MINERvA exposed to the low-energy NuMI beam at Fermilab. Timing information is used to isolate a sample of 885 charged-current events containing a stopping K^{+} which decays at rest. The differential cross section in K^{+} kinetic energy, d\sigma/dT_{K}, is observed to be relatively flat between 0 and 500 MeV. Its shape is in good agreement with the prediction by the \textsc{genie} neutrino event generator when final-state interactions are included, however the data rate is lower than the prediction by 15\%.

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Analyzing power measurement in inclusive Lambda0 production with a 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam

The E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 3073-3077, 1995.
Inspire Record 406598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19610

The considerable polarization of hyperons produced at high xF has been known for a long time and has been interpreted with various theoretical models in terms of the constituents' spin. Recently, the analyzing power in inclusive Λ0 hyperon production has also been measured using the 200GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. The covered kinematic range is 0.2≤xF≤1.0 and 0.1≤pT≤1.5GeV/c. The data indicate a negative asymmetry at large xF and moderate pT. These results can further test the current ideas on the underlying mechanisms for hyperon polarization.

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Inclusive charged pion production in hadron nucleus interactions at 100-GeV/c and 320-GeV/c

Whitmore, J.J. ; Persi, F. ; Toothacker, W.S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 62 (1994) 199-227, 1994.
Inspire Record 378192 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14207

An experiment has been performed with the Fermilab 30-inch bubble chamber and Downstream Particle Identifier to study inclusive charged pion production in the high energy interactions of π±,K+,p and\(\bar p\) with thin foils of magnesium, silver and gold. The laboratory rapidity and transverse momentum distributions are presented separately for π+ and π− production. Comparisons are made with data from hadron-proton interactions and theA dependence of the cross sections in the different kinematic regions is discussed. We investigate the dependence of the cross sections on the number of observed protons ejected from the nucleus. By using our π−A data from two different beam energies, we study the energy dependence of these spectra. Comparisons are made with the VENUS string model Monte Carlo.

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Spin transfer in inclusive Lambda0 production by transversely polarized protons at 200-GeV/c

The E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 4003-4006, 1997.
Inspire Record 449327 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19560

Surprisingly large polarizations in hyperon production by unpolarized protons have been known for a long time. The spin dynamics of the production process can be further investigated with polarized beams. Recently, a negative asymmetry AN was found in inclusive Λ0 production with a 200GeV/c transversely polarized proton beam. The depolarization DNN in p↑+p→Λ0+X has been measured with the same beam over a wide xF range and at moderate pT. DNN reaches positive values of about 30% at high xF and pT∼1.0GeV/c. This result shows a sizable spin transfer from the incident polarized proton to the outgoing Λ0.

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Measurements of $\pi ^\pm $ , K$^\pm $ , p and ${\bar{\text {p}}}$ spectra in proton-proton interactions at 20, 31, 40, 80 and 158 $\text{ GeV}/c$ with the NA61/SHINE spectrometer at the CERN SPS

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Aduszkiewicz, A. ; Ali, Y. ; Andronov, E. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 671, 2017.
Inspire Record 1598505 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79533

Measurements of inclusive spectra and mean multiplicities of $\pi^\pm$, K$^\pm$, p and $\bar{\textrm{p}}$ produced in inelastic p+p interactions at incident projectile momenta of 20, 31, 40, 80 and 158 GeV/c ($\sqrt{s} = $ 6.3, 7.7, 8.8, 12.3 and 17.3 GeV, respectively) were performed at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron using the large acceptance NA61/SHINE hadron spectrometer. Spectra are presented as function of rapidity and transverse momentum and are compared to predictions of current models. The measurements serve as the baseline in the NA61/SHINE study of the properties of the onset of deconfinement and search for the critical point of strongly interacting matter.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in backward pi+ p elastic scattering at 1.60, 1.80, 2.11, and 2.31 gev/c

Burleson, G. ; Hill, D. ; Kato, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 26 (1971) 338-340, 1971.
Inspire Record 69051 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21558

Measurements of polarization in π+p elastic scattering have been made at 1.60, 1.80, 2.11, and 2.31 GeVc. The data cover the entire angular range, with emphasis on the backward region. Comparisons have been made with both u-channel and t-channel models, as well as with predictions of phase-shift analyses. While the agreement is generally poor in all cases, the best agreement is with some t-channel predictions.

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Sigma- p, xi- p, and pi- p Elastic Scattering at 23-GeV/c

Majka, R. ; Hungerbuhler, V. ; Marx, J.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 413-416, 1976.
Inspire Record 114489 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21070

We present results from a measurement of the differential cross sections for Σ−p, Ξ−p, and π−p elastic scattering at 23 GeV/c. We have collected samples of 6200 Σ−p events, 67 Ξ−p events, and 30 000 π−p events in the interval 0.10<|t|<0.23 (GeV/c)2.

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Characteristics of Charm Production by 400-{GeV} Protons

Duffy, M.E. ; Fanourakis, G.K. ; Loveless, R.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 57 (1986) 1522, 1986.
Inspire Record 229849 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20206

In a beam-dump experiment at Fermilab the cross section for charm-particle production has been deduced from a measurement of the prompt neutrino flux. The reaction cross section, if we assume only DD¯ and the dependence on atomic weight A0.75, is 57.2 ± 2.9 ± 8.5 μb/nucleon and the dependence on Feynman x and transverse momentum is EDd3σdpD3∝(1−x)3.2e−1.5p⊥ (p⊥ in GeV/c). The data are consistent with as much as 40% diffractive production of ΛcD¯.

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Production of $\pi^0$ and $\eta$ mesons at large transverse momenta in $pp$ and $pBe$ Interactions at 530 and 800 GeV/c.

The Fermilab E706 collaboration Apanasevich, L. ; Bacigalupi, J. ; Baker, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 68 (2003) 052001, 2003.
Inspire Record 585866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11186

We present results on the production of high transverse momentum pizero and eta mesons in pp and pBe interactions at 530 and 800 GeV/c. The data span the kinematic ranges: 1 < p_T < 10 GeV/c in transverse momentum and 1.5 units in rapidity. The inclusive pizero cross sections are compared with next-to-leading order QCD calculations and to expectations based on a phenomenological parton-k_T model.

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Measurement of the dijet mass distribution in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 998-1008, 1993.
Inspire Record 353889 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22573

The dijet invariant mass distribution has been measured in the region between 120 and 1000 GeV/c2, in 1.8-TeV pp¯ collisions. The data sample was collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). Data are compared to leading order (LO) and next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD calculations using two different clustering cone radii R in the jet definition. A quantitative test shows good agreement of data with the LO and NLO QCD predictions for a cone of R=1. The test using a cone of R=0.7 shows less agreement. The NLO calculation shows an improvement compared to LO in reproducing the shape of the spectrum for both radii, and approximately predicts the cone size dependence of the cross section.

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$\Sigma^{-}$ production in high-energy proton interactions

Hungerbuehler, V. ; Majka, R. ; Marx, J.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 30 (1973) 1234-1237, 1973.
Inspire Record 84497 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21625

Momentum spectra for forward Σ− production on beryllium by protons of momentum 25.8 and 29.4 GeVc are presented. Data for the two primary proton momenta are compared for scaling behavior in the invariant cross section. In addition, the observed single-particle momentum distributions are compared with single-particle spectra from other inclusive reactions initiated by protons.

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$\psi$ production and $\bar{p} N$ and $\pi^- N$ interactions at 125-GeV/c and a determination of the gluon structure functions of the $\bar{p}$ and the $\pi^-$

Tzamarias, S. ; Katsanevas, S. ; Kourkoumelis, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 5067-5080, 1993.
Inspire Record 297586 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22578

We have measured the cross section for production of ψ and ψ′ in p¯ and π− interactions with Be, Cu, and W targets in experiment E537 at Fermilab. The measurements were performed at 125 GeV/c using a forward dimuon spectrometer in a closed geometry configuration. The gluon structure functions of the p¯ and π− have been extracted from the measured dσdxF spectra of the produced ψ's. From the p¯W data we obtain, for p¯, xG(x)=(2.15±0.7)[1−x](6.83±0.5)[1+(5.85±0.95)x]. In the π− case, we obtain, from the W and the Be data separately, xG(x)=(1.49±0.03)[1−x](1.98±0.06) (for π−W), xG(x)=(1.10±0.10)[1−x](1.20±0.20) (for π−Be).

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Production of direct photons and neutral mesons at large transverse momenta by $\pi^{-}$ and $p$ beams at 500-GeV/c

The FERMILAB-E706 collaboration Alverson, G. ; Baker, W.F. ; Ballocchi, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 5-28, 1993.
Inspire Record 353153 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22583

We present results from the initial run of Fermilab experiment E706. The data include incident π− and p beams at 500 GeV/c on Be and Cu targets, and span the kinematic ranges of transverse momentum and rapidity of 3.5≤pT≤10 GeV/c and −0.7≤yc.m.≤0.7, respectively. We have measured cross sections for π0 and direct-photon production, as well as the ηπ0 production ratio. From the data on Be and Cu, we have extracted the nuclear dependence of π0 production, parametrized as Aα. The cross sections are compared with next-to-leading-log QCD predictions for different choices of the QCD momentum scales and several sets of parton distribution functions.

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Polarization of omega- hyperons produced in 800-GeV proton - beryllium collisions

Luk, K.B. ; James, C. ; Rameika, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 70 (1993) 900-903, 1993.
Inspire Record 345978 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19740

The polarization of 103 211 Ω− hyperons produced in 800 GeV proton-beryllium inclusive reactions has been measured. Between 0.3<xF<0.7 and 0.5<pt<1.3 GeV/c, the Ω− polarization is found to be consistent with zero, with a mean value of -0.01±0.01 at 〈xF〉=0.5 and 〈pt〉=0.95 GeV/c. This behavior is similar to that of Λ¯0, which also does not have any quarks in common with the incident proton, but is different from Ξ¯+, which is significantly polarized in the same kinematic region.

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