Vector boson production in hadron nuclear collisions. FNAL-597 experiment

Walker, W.D. ; Whitmore, J. ; Toothacker, W.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 255 (1991) 155-158, 1991.
Inspire Record 317003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29509

We report a search for the production of light quark vector bosons in hadron-nucleus collisions at 100 GeV bombarding energy. We find surprisingly few of these resonances produced. The lack of these particles is though to be due to the absorption by the many modestly energetic nucleons and the few anti-nucleons in the final state.

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Inclusive charged pion production in hadron nucleus interactions at 100-GeV/c and 320-GeV/c

Whitmore, J.J. ; Persi, F. ; Toothacker, W.S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 62 (1994) 199-227, 1994.
Inspire Record 378192 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14207

An experiment has been performed with the Fermilab 30-inch bubble chamber and Downstream Particle Identifier to study inclusive charged pion production in the high energy interactions of π±,K+,p and\(\bar p\) with thin foils of magnesium, silver and gold. The laboratory rapidity and transverse momentum distributions are presented separately for π+ and π− production. Comparisons are made with data from hadron-proton interactions and theA dependence of the cross sections in the different kinematic regions is discussed. We investigate the dependence of the cross sections on the number of observed protons ejected from the nucleus. By using our π−A data from two different beam energies, we study the energy dependence of these spectra. Comparisons are made with the VENUS string model Monte Carlo.

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Observation of a Dependence in Koba-nielsen-olesen Scaling Distributions for High-energy Hadron Nucleus Interactions

Biswas, N.N. ; Ting, S.J.Y. ; Mattingly, M.C.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 33 (1986) 3167-3171, 1986.
Inspire Record 233004 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23515

Experimental multiplicity distributions scaled in the Koba-Nielsen-Olesen (KNO) form for hadron-nucleus interactions show clear deviations from the scaling distribution observed for hadron-hadron interactions. The deviations become larger as A increases. Our data can be described by a model which invokes the hypothesis that KNO scaling is valid for hadron-nucleus interactions at a fixed impact parameter. In this model, the A dependence of the multiplicity distributions results from the convolution of scatterings at various impact parameters.

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Inclusive Charm Cross-Sections in 800-GeV/c p p Interactions

The LEBC-MPS collaboration Ammar, R. ; Banerjee, S. ; Baland, J.F. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 183 (1987) 110, 1987.
Inspire Record 233423 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42573

We report a measurement of the inclusive D/D̄ production cross section in 800 GeV/ c proton-proton interactions. The experiment used the high resolution bubble chamber LEBC exposed to an 800 GeV/ c proton beam at the Fermilab MPS. We obtain σ( D/ D ̄ )=59 −15 +22 μ b (statistical errors), having analysed 25% of the total data sample. Comparison with 400 GeV/ c pp dat a obtained with LEBC at CERN shows a D/D̄ cross section increase by a factor of 1.7 −0.5 +0.7 . This is in good agreement with fusion model calculations.

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Multiplicity of Charged Particles in 800-{GeV} $p p$ Interactions

The LEBC-MPS collaboration Ammar, R. ; Aziz, T. ; Banerjee, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 178 (1986) 124-128, 1986.
Inspire Record 231133 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6558

Results are reported concerning the charged-particle multiplicity distribution obtained in an exposure of the high-resolution hydrogen bubble chamber LEBC to a beam of 800 GeV protons at the Fermilab MPS. This is the first time that such data have been available at this energy. The distribution of the number n ch of charged particles produced in inelastic interactions obeys KNO-scaling. The average multiplicity is 〈 n ch 〉 = 10.26±0.15. For n ch ⩾8 the data can be well fitted to a negative binomial. The difference between the overall experimental multiplicity distribution and that resulting from the latter fit is in agreement with the contribution expected from diffractive processes.

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Backward emitted protons in interactions of neutrinos with nuclei in photoemulsion. FNAL-564 experiment

Dayon, M. ; Rappoport, V. ; Smirnitsky, V. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 56 (1992) 391-393, 1992.
Inspire Record 345621 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14532

Backward emitted protons with momentump>0.3 GeV/c in interactions of neutrino in the energy range 10–200 GeV with photoemulsion nuclei were investigated. Energy spectrum slope parameter of backward protons was measured to beT0=48.9±7.9 MeV. TheA-dependence power index of relative mean yield of backward protons was found to bea=0.68±0.12. A drop in the mean yield of backward protons at the four momentum squared over ∼15 (GeV/c)2 (the neutrino energy over ∼50 GeV) was observed.

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Single Neutral Pion Production by Charged-Current $\bar{\nu}_\mu$ Interactions on Hydrocarbon at $\langle E_\nu \rangle = $3.6 GeV

The MINERvA collaboration Le, T. ; Palomino, J.L. ; Aliaga, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 749 (2015) 130-136, 2015.
Inspire Record 1351216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73317

Single neutral pion production via muon antineutrino charged-current interactions in plastic scintillator (CH) is studied using the \minerva detector exposed to the NuMI low-energy, wideband antineutrino beam at Fermilab. Measurement of this process constrains models of neutral pion production in nuclei, which is important because the neutral-current analog is a background for $\bar{\nu}_e$ appearance oscillation experiments. The differential cross sections for $\pi^0$ momentum and production angle, for events with a single observed $\pi^0$ and no charged pions, are presented and compared to model predictions. These results comprise the first measurement of the $\pi^0$ kinematics for this process.

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Photoproduction of D mesons

The E-687 collaboration Buchholz, D. ; Frabetti, P.L. ; Bogart, C.W. ; et al.
1990.
Inspire Record 300996 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43002
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Two-particle correlations in azimuthal angle and pseudorapidity in inelastic p + p interactions at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Aduszkiewicz, A. ; Ali, Y. ; Andronov, E. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 59, 2017.
Inspire Record 1489238 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76899

Results on two-particle $\Delta\eta\Delta\phi$ correlations in inelastic p+p interactions at 20, 31, 40, 80, and 158~GeV/c are presented. The measurements were performed using the large acceptance NA61/SHINE hadron spectrometer at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron. The data show structures which can be attributed mainly to effects of resonance decays, momentum conservation, and quantum statistics. The results are compared with the EPOS and UrQMD models.

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Proton - Helium Elastic Scattering From 40-{GeV} to 400-{GeV}

Jenkins, E. ; Bujak, A. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; et al.
1978.
Inspire Record 133837 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24088
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Azimuthal Energy Flow in Deep Inelastic Neutrino Scattering

Mukherjee, A. ; Bofill, J. ; Busza, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 991, 1988.
Inspire Record 252080 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3134

The azimuthal dependence of the flow of hadronic energy about the momentum-transfer direction in charged-current deep-inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering is used to study gluon emission and the transverse momentum 〈kT〉 of partons confined inside the nucleon. A 7-standard-deviation azimuthal asymmetry is observed indicating an average 〈kT〉=0.303±0.041 GeV/c.

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Inclusive Production of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, $p$, $\bar{p}$ in High-Energy pp Collisions

Johnson, J.R. ; Kammerud, R. ; Ohsugi, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 1173-1176, 1977.
Inspire Record 121763 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4502

We have measured the single-particle inclusive cross sections for p+p→π±+X, K±+X, p+X, p¯+X in the low-p⊥ region (≲ 1.5 GeV/c) as a function of the radial scaling variable XR in p−p collisions at 100, 200, and 400 GeV at Fermilab. The measured π+π− and K+K− ratios are shown to be remarkably similar to the same ratios which have recently been measured at large p⊥ at 90° in the center-of-mass system.

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Measurement of the Multiple-Muon Charge Ratio in the MINOS Far Detector

The MINOS collaboration Adamson, P. ; Anghel, I. ; Aurisano, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 052017, 2016.
Inspire Record 1419065 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77051

The charge ratio, $R_\mu = N_{\mu^+}/N_{\mu^-}$, for cosmogenic multiple-muon events observed at an under- ground depth of 2070 mwe has been measured using the magnetized MINOS Far Detector. The multiple-muon events, recorded nearly continuously from August 2003 until April 2012, comprise two independent data sets imaged with opposite magnetic field polarities, the comparison of which allows the systematic uncertainties of the measurement to be minimized. The multiple-muon charge ratio is determined to be $R_\mu = 1.104 \pm 0.006 {\rm \,(stat.)} ^{+0.009}_{-0.010} {\rm \,(syst.)} $. This measurement complements previous determinations of single-muon and multiple-muon charge ratios at underground sites and serves to constrain models of cosmic ray interactions at TeV energies.

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Measurement of Partonic Nuclear Effects in Deep-Inelastic Neutrino Scattering using MINERvA

The MINERvA collaboration Mousseau, J. ; Wospakrik, M. ; Aliaga, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 071101, 2016.
Inspire Record 1416818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77044

The MINERvA collaboration reports a novel study of neutrino-nucleus charged-current deep inelastic scattering (DIS) using the same neutrino beam incident on targets of polystyrene, graphite, iron, and lead. Results are presented as ratios of C, Fe, and Pb to CH. The ratios of total DIS cross sections as a function of neutrino energy and flux-integrated differential cross sections as a function of the Bjorken scaling variable x are presented in the neutrino-energy range of 5 - 50 GeV. Good agreement is found between the data and predicted ratios, based on charged-lepton nucleus scattering, at medium x and low neutrino energies. However, the data rate appears depleted in the vicinity of the nuclear shadowing region, x < 0.1. This apparent deficit, reflected in the DIS cross-section ratio at high neutrino energy , is consistent with previous MINERvA observations and with the predicted onset of nuclear shadowing with the the axial-vector current in neutrino scattering.

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A Precision measurement of the prompt photon cross-section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 73 (1994) 2662-2666, 1994.
Inspire Record 375582 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19680

A prompt photon cross section measurement from the Collider Detector at Fermilab experiment is presented. Detector and trigger upgrades, as well as 6 times the integrated luminosity compared with our previous publication, have contributed to a much more precise measurement and extended PT range. As before, QCD calculations agree qualitatively with the measured cross section, but the data has a steeper slope than the calculations.

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Measurement of $K^{+}$ production in charged-current $\nu_{\mu}$ interactions

The MINERvA collaboration Marshall, C.M. ; Aliaga, L. ; Altinok, O. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 012002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1446753 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78539

Production of K^{+} mesons in charged-current \nu_{\mu} interactions on plastic scintillator (CH) is measured using MINERvA exposed to the low-energy NuMI beam at Fermilab. Timing information is used to isolate a sample of 885 charged-current events containing a stopping K^{+} which decays at rest. The differential cross section in K^{+} kinetic energy, d\sigma/dT_{K}, is observed to be relatively flat between 0 and 500 MeV. Its shape is in good agreement with the prediction by the \textsc{genie} neutrino event generator when final-state interactions are included, however the data rate is lower than the prediction by 15\%.

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Analyzing power measurement in inclusive Lambda0 production with a 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam

The E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 3073-3077, 1995.
Inspire Record 406598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19610

The considerable polarization of hyperons produced at high xF has been known for a long time and has been interpreted with various theoretical models in terms of the constituents' spin. Recently, the analyzing power in inclusive Λ0 hyperon production has also been measured using the 200GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. The covered kinematic range is 0.2≤xF≤1.0 and 0.1≤pT≤1.5GeV/c. The data indicate a negative asymmetry at large xF and moderate pT. These results can further test the current ideas on the underlying mechanisms for hyperon polarization.

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Nuclear decay following deep inelastic scattering of 470-GeV muons

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 5198-5201, 1995.
Inspire Record 404381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19632

We detected 1–10 MeV neutrons at laboratory angles from 80° to 140° in coincidence with 470 GeV muons deep inelastically scattered from H, D, C, Ca, and Pb targets. The neutron energy spectrum for Pb can be fitted with two components with temperature parameters of 0.7 and 5.0 MeV. The average neutron multiplicity for 40<ν<400 GeV is about 5 for Pb, and less than 2 for Ca and C. These data are consistent with a process in which the emitted hadrons do not interact with the rest of the nucleus within distances smaller than the radius of Ca, but do interact within distances on the order of the radius of Pb in the measured kinematic range. For all targets the lack of high nuclear excitation is surprising.

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Precision measurement of the Omega- magnetic moment

Wallace, N.B. ; Border, P.M. ; Ciampa, D.P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 3732-3735, 1995.
Inspire Record 404383 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19656

Using a sample of 2.35×105 polarized Ω−→ΛK− decays, we have measured the Ω− magnetic moment to be μΩ−=(−2.024±0.056)μN.

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Spin transfer in inclusive Lambda0 production by transversely polarized protons at 200-GeV/c

The E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 4003-4006, 1997.
Inspire Record 449327 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19560

Surprisingly large polarizations in hyperon production by unpolarized protons have been known for a long time. The spin dynamics of the production process can be further investigated with polarized beams. Recently, a negative asymmetry AN was found in inclusive Λ0 production with a 200GeV/c transversely polarized proton beam. The depolarization DNN in p↑+p→Λ0+X has been measured with the same beam over a wide xF range and at moderate pT. DNN reaches positive values of about 30% at high xF and pT∼1.0GeV/c. This result shows a sizable spin transfer from the incident polarized proton to the outgoing Λ0.

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Observation of Structure in Large Momentum Transfer $\pi^- p$ Elastic Scattering at 200 GeV/c

Baker, W.F. ; Eartly, David P. ; Klinger, J.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 47 (1981) 1683, 1981.
Inspire Record 167904 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20628

Results are presented on the measurement of 200-GeV/c π−p elastic scattering at −t from 0.8 to 11 (GeV/c)2. As −t is increased, dσdt falls by ∼6 decades to a prominent dip at 4 (GeV/c)2, followed by a second maximum and than a slow decrease with increasing −t.

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Experimental Study of Single Particle Inclusive Hadron Scattering and Associated Multiplicities

Brenner, A.E. ; Carey, David C. ; Elias, J.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 26 (1982) 1497, 1982.
Inspire Record 169446 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4112

An experiment using the Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer (SAS) facility and an associated nonmagnetic vertex detector studied the reactions a+p→c+X, where a and c were π±, K±, p, or p¯. Extensive measurements were made at 100 and 175 GeV/c beam momenta with the outgoing hadrons detected in the SAS covering a kinematic range 0.12<x<1.0 and pT<1.25 GeV/c. Additional data covering a more restricted range in x were also gathered at 70 GeV/c incident momentum. In this high-statistics experiment, the identification of both the incoming and outgoing charged hadrons were made with a total of eight Čerenkov counters. New and extensive single-particle inclusive data for charged-particle production in low-pT hadronic fragmentation are presented. The average associated charged-particle multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions are also given.

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Measurements of $\pi ^\pm $ , K$^\pm $ , p and ${\bar{\text {p}}}$ spectra in proton-proton interactions at 20, 31, 40, 80 and 158 $\text{ GeV}/c$ with the NA61/SHINE spectrometer at the CERN SPS

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Aduszkiewicz, A. ; Ali, Y. ; Andronov, E. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 671, 2017.
Inspire Record 1598505 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79533

Measurements of inclusive spectra and mean multiplicities of $\pi^\pm$, K$^\pm$, p and $\bar{\textrm{p}}$ produced in inelastic p+p interactions at incident projectile momenta of 20, 31, 40, 80 and 158 GeV/c ($\sqrt{s} = $ 6.3, 7.7, 8.8, 12.3 and 17.3 GeV, respectively) were performed at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron using the large acceptance NA61/SHINE hadron spectrometer. Spectra are presented as function of rapidity and transverse momentum and are compared to predictions of current models. The measurements serve as the baseline in the NA61/SHINE study of the properties of the onset of deconfinement and search for the critical point of strongly interacting matter.

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Nuclear dependence of neutral D meson production by 800-GeV/c protons

The E789 collaboration Leitch, M.J. ; Boissevain, J. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 2542-2545, 1994.
Inspire Record 371874 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19694

The nuclear dependence for 800 GeV/c proton production of neutron D mesons has been measured near xF=0 in Experiment 789 at Fermilab. D mesons from beryllium and gold targets were detected with a pair spectrometer and a silicon vertex detector via their decay D→Kπ. No nuclear dependence is found, with a measured α=1.02±0.03±0.02. The measured differential cross section, dσ/dxF, for neutral-D-meson production at 〈xF〉=0.031 is 58±3±7 μb/nucleon. The integrated cross section obtained by extrapolation of the measured cross section to all xF is 17.7±0.9±3.4 μb/nucleon and is consistent with previous measurements.

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COMPTON SCATTERING FROM HYDROGEN BETWEEN 5-GeV AND 17-GeV

Anderson, Robert L. ; Gustavson, D. ; Johnson, J.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 25 (1970) 1218, 1970.
Inspire Record 60845 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21597

Measurements have been made on Compton scattering for photon energies between 5 and 17 GeV and t values from -0.06 to -1.1 (GeVc)2. The data were obtained by performing a coincidence between the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center 1.6-GeVc spectrometer and a Lucite shower counter. The scattering appears diffractive out to high t values, but the cross sections seem not to be in good agreement with the prediction of a strict vector-meson-dominance model.

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