GENERAL FEATURES OF CHARGED PARTICLE PRODUCTION IN ANTI-P P INTERACTIONS AT 100-GEV/C

Ward, C.P. ; Ward, D.R. ; Ansorge, R.E. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 153 (1979) 299-333, 1979.
Inspire Record 146577 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8129

We present new data on charged particle production in p p interactions at 100 GeV/ c . Comparisons are made between p p annihilations (estimated by differences) between corresponding p p and pp data samples) and e + e − annihilation into hadrons. A technique for separating the inclusive proton and pion spectra is described and the resulting pion spectra are studied in terms of Feynman x , rapidity and p T . Comparison with pp data allows us to estimate the pion spectra in p p annihilations and we find agreement with predictions of Mueller-Regge theory. We also present results on semi-inclusive π ± and proton production, give updated topological cross sections and describe further attempts to isolate effects due to annihilations. Finally we investigate the diffractive excitation of the antiproton into low-mass states by studying events with a slow recoil proton.

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Comparison of Neutral Particle Production in 100-GeV/c anti-p p and p p Interactions.

Ward, D.R. ; Ansorge, R.E. ; Bust, C.P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 62 (1976) 237-240, 1976.
Inspire Record 112616 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.5528

We derive cross-sections for the inclusive productiion in p̄p interactions at 100 GeV /c of π 0 , K S 0 and Λ 0 Λ 0 of 91.5±5.7 mb, 5.2±0.4 mb and 4.8±0.4 mb respectively, which are all higher than pp cross-sections at energy. We find indications that these differences can be attributed to “annihilation” processes.

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DELTA++ AND ANTI-DELTA++ PRODUCTION IN 100-GEV/C ANTI-P P INTERACTIONS.

Ward, D.R. ; Ansorge, R.E. ; Bust, C.P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 141 (1978) 203-219, 1978.
Inspire Record 132549 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8291

We present results on inclusive Δ ++ (1236) production in 100 GeV/ c p p interactions. In the region | t | < 1 GeV 2 we find a cross section of 1.29 ± 0.15 mb. Comparisons with pp interactions at high energies show Δ ++ production in pp and p p interactions to be very similar. The decay angular distributions of the Δ ++ are consistent with production predominantly through pion-exchange and the properties of the system recoiling from the Δ ++ are similar to those of real π + p interactions. However, the p π + background is found to show qualitatively similar behaviour. In contrast to the indications of Δ ++ production through pion exchange we also find evidence that events proceeding through diffraction dissociation are more likely to contain Δ ++ than other events. We present results on the forward production of Δ ++ in association with Δ ++ and protons.

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Tests of Factorization from Single and Double Pion Production in 100-GeV/c anti-p p and p p Collisions.

Rushbrooke, John G. ; Ward, D.R. ; Ansorge, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 117-120, 1977.
Inspire Record 123282 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20980

Single- and double-pion inclusive spectra are presented for 100-GeV/c p¯p interactions and compared with related pp data. Double-fragmentation distributions are shown to be understood within a Mueller-Regge framework as a product of single-fragmentation distributions. Consideration of pp and p¯p−pp distributions shows factorization to hold in Pomeron and in Reggeon exchanges independently.

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Properties of Inclusive pi+- Production in 100-GeV/c anti-Proton-Proton Interactions

Whitmore, J. ; Oh, B.Y. ; Pratap, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 38 (1977) 996, 1977.
Inspire Record 118838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20985

Inclusive spectra are presented for π± production in 100-GeV/cp¯p interactions. The rapidity distribution for the difference (p¯p−pp) approximately scales as the difference in total cross sections in the fragmentation region between 12 and 100 GeV/c and exhibits an approximate s−12dependence in the central region.

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Inclusive $\rho^0$ and $f^0$ Production in 100-GeV/c $\bar{p}p$ Interactions

Raja, R. ; Murphy, C.T. ; Voyvodic, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 16 (1977) 2733, 1977.
Inspire Record 119859 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24478

Inclusive and semi-inclusive $ρ^0$ production in 100-GeV/c $\bar{p}p$ interactions has been studied as a function of c.m. rapidity and transverse momentum. Cross sections are compared with those for $\bar{p}p$ interactions at other energies, as well as pp and π±p interactions, over the range ∼2 < $p_{lab} < 200$ GeV/c. A measurement of the $f^0$ production cross section has been made. Calculations of the contribution from $\rho^0$ decay to prompt lepton production are presented.

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Neutral Particle Production in 100-GeV/c $\bar{p}p$ Interactions

Raja, R. ; Moore, Craig D. ; Voyvodic, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 627, 1977.
Inspire Record 110399 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24539

We have investigated the inclusive production of γ, KS0, Λ0, and Λ¯0 in 100-GeV/c p¯p interactions in the 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber at Fermilab. We present various inclusive distributions and compare them with corresponding distributions in 100-GeV/c pp interactions and lower-energy p¯p interactions. We find some evidence for Σ(1385) production but none for K*(890) production. We find evidence for a nonzero Λ0 polarization of -0.45 ± 0.21.

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Charged-Particle Multiplicities in 100-GeV/c anti-p p Interactions

Ansorge, R.E. ; Bust, C.P. ; Carter, J.R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 59 (1975) 299-302, 1975.
Inspire Record 2603 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27765

Results are presented on the topological cross sections obtained for antiproton-proton interactions from an exposure of the Fermilab 30-inch bubble chamber to a 100 GeV/ c negative beam enriched in p 's. The p p inelastic cross section is found to be σ inel = 34.6 ± 0.4 mb, and the average inelastic charged particle multiplicity to be 〈 n 〉 = 6.74 ± 0.05.

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Inclusive Production of $\pi^0$, $\K^0$(s), $\Lambda^0$, and Anti-lambda0 in 100-{GeV}/c, 200-{GeV}/c and 360-{GeV}/c $\pi^- p$ Interactions

Biswas, N.N. ; Higgins, P.D. ; Bishop, J.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 167 (1980) 41-60, 1980.
Inspire Record 8802 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34519

Inclusive cross sections for π 0 , K s 0 , Λ 0 and Λ 0 production in 100, 200 and 360 GeV /c π − p interactions are presented and compared with data at other energies. Invariant cross sections for γ, K s 0 , Λ 0 and Λ 0 production are presented in terms of Feynman x , the rapidity y , and transverse momentum squared, p T 2 . A comparison of the observed γ spectrum is made with the spectra computed assuming that the π 0 momentum distribution is identical to that of the observed π + or π − .

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DIFFRACTION AND RESONANCE PRODUCTION IN EXCLUSIVE ANTI-P P INTERACTIONS AT 100-GEV/C.

Bust, C.P. ; Carter, J.R. ; Neale, W.W ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 140 (1978) 409-422, 1978.
Inspire Record 132548 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34985

We have investigated the reactions p p π + π − a ̊ and p p a ̊ p p 2π + 2π − at 100 GeV /c . The p p π + π − final state is dominated by diffractive production of a p π + π − ( or p π + π − ) system which shows a strong tendency to form Δ ++ π − ( or Δ ++ π + ) . The process p p a ̊ Δ ++ Δ ++ is also observed in this reaction, indicating an energy dependence of s −1.5±0.1 . The p p 2π + 2π − channel shows less single diffraction, and has a doubly diffractive component consistent with pomeron factorization. Strong Δ ++ ( Δ ++ ) production is agoain seen, but in contrast to the p p π + π − channel we also observe considerable ϱ 0 production.

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A Measurement of the neutral current electroweak parameters using the Fermilab narrow band neutrino beam

Reutens, P.G. ; Merritt, F.S. ; Oreglia, M.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 45 (1990) 539-550, 1990.
Inspire Record 305243 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15280

We report a measurement of the electroweak parameters sin2θw and ϱ based on the ratios of neutral current to charged current events measured in the Fermilab narrow-band neutrino beam at energies of 30–240 GeV. The data are fully corrected for radiative effects, heavy-quark production, and other effects. The best value for sin2θw obtained, sin2θw=0.239±0.011, is consistent with the most recent values fromW andZ production, as well as from other neutrino experiments.

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Inverse Muon Decay, $\nu_\mu e \to \mu^- \nu_e$, at the {Fermilab} Tevatron

Mishra, S.R. ; Bachmann, K.T. ; Blair, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 252 (1990) 170-176, 1990.
Inspire Record 296115 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15430

We report an improved measurement of the inverse muon decay process, ν μ +e→ μ − + ν e , at the Fermilab Tevatron. The rate of this reaction with respect to the ν μ -N charged current interaction is measured to be (0.1245±0.0057(stat.)±0.0031 (sys.)) × 10 −2 . The measurement confirms the standard model predictions for the Lorentz structure of the weak current, the helicity of the neutrino, and the energy dependence of the cross section.

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Nucleon Structure Functions from High-Energy Neutrino Interactions with Iron and QCD Results

MacFarlane, D. ; Purohit, M.V. ; Messner, R.L. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 26 (1984) 1-12, 1984.
Inspire Record 195928 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16212

Nucleon structure functions obtained from neutrino and anti-neutrino scattering on iron nuclei at high energies (Ev=30 to 250 GeV) are presented. These results are compared with the results of other lepton-nucleon scattering experiments. The structure functions are used to test the validity of the Gross-Llewellyn-smith sum rule, which measures the number of valence quarks in the nucleons, and to obtain leading and second order QCD fits.

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Studies of Topological Distributions of the Three- and Four-Jet Events in $\bar{p}p$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1800$ GeV with the D0 Detector

The D0 collaboration Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 53 (1996) 6000-6016, 1996.
Inspire Record 399364 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11124

The global topologies of inclusive three-- and four--jet events produced in $\pp$ interactions are described. The three-- and four--jet events are selected from data recorded by the D\O\ detector at the Tevatron Collider operating at a center--of--mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 1800$ GeV. The measured, normalized distributions of various topological variables are compared with parton--level predictions of tree--level QCD calculations. The parton--level QCD calculations are found to be in good agreement with the data. The studies also show that the topological distributions of the different subprocesses involving different numbers of quarks are very similar and reproduce the measured distributions well. The parton shower Monte Carlo generators provide a less satisfactory description of the topologies of the three-- and four--jet events.

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Production of $\chi_{c1}$ and $\chi_{c2}$ in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 3963-3968, 2001.
Inspire Record 557478 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19422

We have measured the ratio of prompt production rates of the charmonium states χc1 and χc2 in 110pb−1 of pp¯ collisions at s=1.8TeV. The photon from their decay into J/ψγ is reconstructed through conversion into e+e− pairs. The energy resolution this technique provides makes the resolution of the two states possible. We find the ratio of production cross sections σχc2σχc1=0.96±0.27(stat)±0.11(syst) for events with pT(J/ψ)>4.0GeV/c, |η(J/ψ)|<0.6, and pT(γ)>1.0GeV/c.

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Observation of polarization in bottomonium production at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

The NuSea collaboration Brown, C.N. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 2529-2532, 2001.
Inspire Record 536629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19423

We present a measurement of the polarization observed for bottomonium states produced in p-Cu collisions at sqrt(s)=38.8 GeV. The angular distribution of the decay dimuons of the Upsilon(1S) state show no polarization at small xF and pT but significant positive transverse production polarization for either pT > 1.8 GeV/c or for xF > 0.35. The Upsilon(2S+3S) unresolved states show a large transverse production polarization at all values of xF and pT measured. These observations are compared with an NRQCD calculation that predicts a transverse polarization in bottomonium production arising from quark-antiquark fusion and gluon-gluon fusion diagrams.

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Parton energy loss limits and shadowing in Drell-Yan dimuon production

The NuSea collaboration Vasilev, M.A. ; Beddo, M.E. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 2304-2307, 1999.
Inspire Record 501230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19445

A precise measurement of the ratios of the Drell-Yan cross section per nucleon for an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on Be, Fe and W targets is reported. The behavior of the Drell-Yan ratios at small target parton momentum fraction is well described by an existing fit to the shadowing observed in deep-inelastic scattering. The cross section ratios as a function of the incident parton momentum fraction set tight limits on the energy loss of quarks passing through a cold nucleus.

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Neutrino Production of Same Sign Dimuons

Schumm, B.A. ; Merritt, F.S. ; Oreglia, M.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 1618, 1988.
Inspire Record 23079 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20157

In a sample of 670 000 charged-current neutrino events, 101 μ−μ− events have been observed, with 30 GeV<Eν<600 GeV and Pμ>9 GeV/c for both muons. After background subtraction, 18.5±13.9 events remain, yielding a prompt rate of (5.5±4.1)×10−5 per charged-current event. A sample of 124 000 antineutrino events yields 15 μ+μ+ events, giving 6.4±4.2 events after background subtraction and a prompt rate of (1.0±0.7)×10−4 per charged-current event. The numbers and kinematic distributions of these events are consistent with standard model sources.

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Polarization of Muoproduced J/psi (3100)

Clark, A.R. ; Johnson, K.J. ; Kerth, L.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 45 (1980) 2092, 1980.
Inspire Record 155741 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20697

The polarization and Q2 dependence of muoproduced ψ→μ+μ− have been analyzed in a magnetized-steel calorimeter at Fermilab. The reaction γVN→ψN is found to be helicity conserving. Even after allowance for possible Q2 dependence of the decay angular distribution, the ψ muoproduction cross section falls more steeply in Q2 than predicted by ψ dominance.

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Measurement of the $J/\psi$ meson and $b-$hadron production cross sections in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1960$ GeV

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Adelman, J. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 71 (2005) 032001, 2005.
Inspire Record 668026 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22119

We present a new measurement of the inclusive and differential production cross sections of $J/\psi$ mesons and $b$-hadrons in proton-antiproton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1960$ GeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 39.7 pb$^{-1}$ collected by the CDF Run II detector. We find the integrated cross section for inclusive $J/\psi$ production for all transverse momenta from 0 to 20 GeV/$c$ in the rapidity range $|y|<0.6$ to be $4.08 \pm 0.02 (stat)^{+0.36}_{-0.33} (syst) \mu {\rm b}$. We separate the fraction of $J/\psi$ events from the decay of the long-lived $b$-hadrons using the lifetime distribution in all events with $p_T(J/\psi) > 1.25$ GeV/$c$. We find the total cross section for $b$-hadrons, including both hadrons and anti-hadrons, decaying to $J/\psi$ with transverse momenta greater than 1.25 GeV/$c$ in the rapidity range $|y(J/\psi)|<0.6$, is $ 0.330 \pm 0.005 (stat) ^{+0.036}_{-0.033} (syst) ~\mu{\rm b}$. Using a Monte Carlo simulation of the decay kinematics of $b$-hadrons to all final states containing a $J/\psi$, we extract the first measurement of the total single $b$-hadron cross section down to zero transverse momentum at $\sqrt{s}=1960$ GeV. We find the total single $b$-hadron cross section integrated over all transverse momenta for $b$-hadrons in the rapidity range $|y|<0.6$ to be $ 17.6 \pm 0.4 (stat)^{+2.5}_{-2.3} (syst) \mu{\rm b}$.

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The underlying event in hard interactions at the Tevatron $\bar{p}p$ collider

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Albrow, M.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 70 (2004) 072002, 2004.
Inspire Record 647490 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22135

For comparison of inclusive jet cross sections measured at hadron-hadron colliders to next-to-leading order (NLO) parton-level calculations, the energy deposited in the jet cone by spectator parton interactions must first be subtracted. The assumption made at the Tevatron is that the spectator parton interaction energy is similar to the ambient level measured in minimum bias events. In this paper, we test this assumption by measuring the ambient charged track momentum in events containing large transverse energy jets at $\sqrt{s}=1800$ GeV and $\sqrt{s}=630$ GeV and comparing this ambient momentum with that observed both in minimum bias events and with that predicted by two Monte Carlo models. Two cones in $\eta$--$\phi$ space are defined, at the same pseudo-rapidity, $\eta$, as the jet with the highest transverse energy ($E_T^{(1)}$), and at $\pm 90^o$ in the azimuthal direction, $\phi$. The total charged track momentum inside each of the two cones is measured. The minimum momentum in the two cones is almost independent of $E_T^{(1)}$ and is similar to the momentum observed in minimum bias events, whereas the maximum momentum increases roughly linearly with the jet $E_T^{(1)}$ over most of the measured range. This study will help improve the precision of comparisons of jet cross section data and NLO perturbative QCD predictions. %this is new The distribution of the sum of the track momenta in the two cones is also examined for five different $E_T^{(1)}$ bins. The HERWIG and PYTHIA Monte Carlos are reasonably successful in describing the data, but neither can describe completely all of the event properties.

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Improved measurement of the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Towell, R.S. ; McGaughey, P.L. ; Awes, T.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 052002, 2001.
Inspire Record 554316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22184

Measurements of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 \rm{GeV/c} proton beam incident on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets are reported. Approximately 360,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs remained after all cuts on the data. From these data, the ratio of anti-down ($\bar{d}$) to anti-up ($\bar{u}$) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-$x$. These results confirm previous measurements by E866 and extend them to lower $x$. From these data, $(\bar{d}-\bar{u})$ and $\int(\bar{d}-\bar{u})dx$ are evaluated for $0.015&lt;x&lt;0.35$. These results are compared with parameterizations of various parton distribution functions, models and experimental results from NA51, NMC, and HERMES.

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Cross Section for Forward $J/\psi$ Production in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 66 (2002) 092001, 2002.
Inspire Record 603674 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22217

The inclusive cross section for J/ψ production times the branching ratio B(J/ψ→μ+μ−) has been measured in the forward pseudorapidity region: B×dσ[p¯+p→J/ψ(pT>10GeV/c,2.1<|η|<2.6)+X]/dη=192±9(stat)±29(syst)pb. The results are based on 74.1±5.2pb−1 of data collected by the CDF Collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurements extend earlier measurements of the D0 Collaboration to higher pTJ/ψ. In the kinematic range where the experiments partially overlap, these data are in good agreement with previous measurements.

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Measurement of dijet azimuthal decorrelations at central rapidities in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 221801, 2005.
Inspire Record 659398 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19397

Correlations in the azimuthal angle between the two largest transverse momentum jets have been measured using the D0 detector in pp-bar collisions at a center-of-mass energy sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV. The analysis is based on an inclusive dijet event sample in the central rapidity region corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 150 pb-1. Azimuthal correlations are stronger at larger transverse momenta. These are well-described in perturbative QCD at next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant, except at large azimuthal differences where soft effects are significant.

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Inclusive Double Charge Exchange $\pi^-$ Production at 100 GeV/c

Cutts, D. ; Dulude, R. ; Lanou, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 40 (1978) 141, 1978.
Inspire Record 121767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20919

Measurements of inclusive cross sections at 100 GeV/c are presented for the double-charge-exchange reactions a+p→π−X with a=π, K, or p. The measurements covered a kinematic range in the Feynman x variable of 0.3<~x<~0.9 at transverse momenta of 0.3 and 0.5 GeV/c. A model summing the contributions from resonance production and from inclusive central-region π− production is used to fit the data and demonstrates the importance of resonance production via one-pion exchange for large values of the Feynman x.

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