Distributions of charged hadrons observed in deep inelastic muon - deuterium scattering at 490-GeV

The E-665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 272 (1991) 163-168, 1991.
Inspire Record 318993 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29288

Longitudinal and transverse momentum spectra of final state hadrons produced in deep-inelastic muon-deuterium scattering at incident muon energy of 490 GeV have been measured up to a hadronic center of mass energy of 30 GeV. The longitudinal distributions agree well with data from earlier muon-nucleon scattering experiments; these distributions tend to increase in steepness as the center of mass energy increases. Comparisons with e + e − data at comparable center of mass energies indicate slight differences. The transverse momentum distributions show an increase in mean p T 2 with an increase in the center of mass energy.

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Shadowing in inelastic scattering of muons on carbon, calcium and lead at low x(Bj)

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aïd, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 67 (1995) 403-410, 1995.
Inspire Record 394981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41664

Nuclear shadowing is observed in the per-nucleon cross-sections of positive muons on carbon, calcium and lead as compared to deuterium. The data were taken by Fermilab experiment E665 using inelastically scattered muons of mean incident momentum 470 GeV/c. Cross-section ratios are presented in the kinematic region 0.0001 < XBj <0.56 and 0.1 < Q**2 < 80 GeVc. The data are consistent with no significant nu or Q**2 dependence at fixed XBj. As XBj decreases, the size of the shadowing effect, as well as its A dependence, are found to approach the corresponding measurements in photoproduction.

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Nuclear decay following deep inelastic scattering of 470-GeV muons

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 5198-5201, 1995.
Inspire Record 404381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19632

We detected 1–10 MeV neutrons at laboratory angles from 80° to 140° in coincidence with 470 GeV muons deep inelastically scattered from H, D, C, Ca, and Pb targets. The neutron energy spectrum for Pb can be fitted with two components with temperature parameters of 0.7 and 5.0 MeV. The average neutron multiplicity for 40<ν<400 GeV is about 5 for Pb, and less than 2 for Ca and C. These data are consistent with a process in which the emitted hadrons do not interact with the rest of the nucleus within distances smaller than the radius of Ca, but do interact within distances on the order of the radius of Pb in the measured kinematic range. For all targets the lack of high nuclear excitation is surprising.

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Diffractive production of $\rho^0(770)$ mesons in muon proton interactions at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aderholz, M. ; Aïd, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 74 (1997) 237-261, 1997.
Inspire Record 441201 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14214

The diffractive production of ρ0(770 @#@) mesons in muon-proton interactions is studied in the kinematic region 0.15 GeV2< Q2< 20 GeV2 and 20 GeV < ? < 420 GeV. The data were obtained in the Fermilab fixed-target experiment E665 with primary muons of 470 GeV energy. Results are presented on the Q2, x and ? dependence of the cross section, on the shape of the ρ+ρt - mass spectrum, on the slope of the diffraction peak and on the production and decay angular distributions of the ρ0(770). The cross section for diffractive production of ρ0 by virtual photons on protons depends mainly on Q2. At fixed Q2, no significant dependence on x or ? is observed. The extrapolation to Q2 = 0 yields a photoproduction cross section of (10.30 ± 0.33) μb. The slope of the t′ distribution has a value of (7.0 ± 0.2) GeV−2, with a tendency to decrease as Q2 increases. The production and decay angular distributions of the ρ0 depend strongly on Q2 and are consistent with s-channel helicity conservation. The ratio R = σl/σt deduced from the decay angular distributions rises strongly with Q2, passing the value of 1 at Q2≈ 2 GeV2.

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Measurement of the ratio $\sigma_n / \sigma_p$ in inelastic muon - nucleon scattering at very low $x$ and $Q^2$

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aïd, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 309 (1993) 477-482, 1993.
Inspire Record 354238 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28907

We present results on the cross-section ratio for inelastic muon scattering on neutrons and protons as a function of Bjorken chi;. The data extend to χ values two orders of magnitude smaller than in previous measurements, down to 2×10 −5 , for Q 2 >0.01 GeV 2 . The ratio is consistent with unity throughout this new range.

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Shadowing in the muon xenon inelastic scattering cross-section at 490-GeV

The Fermilab E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 287 (1992) 375-380, 1992.
Inspire Record 341389 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29153

Inelastic scattering of 490 GeV μ + from deuterium and xenon nuclei has been studied for x Bj > s .001. The ratio of the xenon/deuterium cross section per nucleon is observed to vary with x Bj , with a depletion in the kinematic range 0.001 < x Bj < 0.025 which exhibits no significant Q 2 dependence. An electromagnetic calorimeter was used to verify the radiative corrections.

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Proton and deuteron structure functions in muon scattering at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 54 (1996) 3006-3056, 1996.
Inspire Record 416076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42347

The proton and deuteron structure functions F2p and F2d are measured in inelastic muon scattering with an average beam energy of 470 GeV. The data were taken at Fermilab experiment E665 during 1991 and 1992 using liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. The F2 measurements are reported in the range 0.0008<x<0.6 and 0.2<Q2<75 GeV2. These are the first precise measurements of F2 in the low x and Q2 range of the data. In the high x range of the data where they overlap in x and Q2 with the measurements from NMC, the two measurements are in agreement. The E665 data also overlap in x with the DESY HERA data, and there is a smooth connection in Q2 between the two data sets. At high Q2 the E665 measurements are consistent with QCD-evolved leading twist structure function models. The data are qualitatively described by structure function models incorporating the hadronic nature of the photon at low Q2. The Q2 and the W dependence of the data measure the transition in the nature of the photon between a pointlike probe at high Q2 and a hadronic object at low Q2.

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Extraction of the ratio $F2_n / F2_p$ from muon - deuteron and muon - proton scattering at small $x$ and Q**2

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 1466-1470, 1995.
Inspire Record 393866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42379

The ratio of the deuteron to proton structure functions is measured at very small Bjorken x (down to 10–6) and for Q2>0.001 GeV2 from scattering of 470 GeV muons on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. The ratio F2n/F2p extracted from these measurements is found to be constant, at a value of 0.935±0.008±0.034, for x<0.01. This result suggests the presence of nuclear shadowing effects in the deuteron. The dependence of the ratio on Q2 is also examined; no significant variation is found.

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Production of charged hadrons by positive muons on deuterium and xenon at 490-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aderholz, M. ; Aïd, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 61 (1994) 179-198, 1994.
Inspire Record 359394 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42505

Results on the production of charged hadrons in muon-deuteron and muon-xenon interactions are presented. The data were taken with the E665 spectrometer, which was exposed to the 490 GeV muon beam of the Tevatron at Fermilab. The use of a streamer chamber as vertex detector provides nearly 4π acceptance for charged particles. The μD data are compared with the μXe data in terms of multiplicity distributions, average multiplicities, forward-backward multiplicity correlations, rapidity and transverse momentum distributions and of two-particle rapidity correlations of charged hadrons. The data cover a range of invariant hadronic massesW from 8 to 30 GeV.

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Production of neutral strange particles in muon - nucleon scattering at 490-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aderholz, M. ; Aïd, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 61 (1994) 539-550, 1994.
Inspire Record 362429 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42473

The production ofK0, Λ and\(\bar \Lambda \) particles is studied in the E665 muon-nucleon experiment at Fermilab. The average multiplicities and squared transverse momenta are measured as a function ofxF andW2. Most features of the data can be well described by the Lund model. Within this model, the data on the K0/π± ratios and on the averageK0 multiplicity in the forward region favor a strangeness suppression factors/u in the fragmentation process near 0.20. Clear evidence for QCD effects is seen in the average squared transverse momentum ofK0 and Λ particles.

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Measurement of nuclear transparencies from exclusive $\rho^0$ meson production in muon - nucleus scattering at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 1525-1529, 1995.
Inspire Record 379818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42484

Nuclear transparencies measured in exclusive incoherent ρ0 meson production from hydrogen, deuterium, carbon, calcium, and lead in muon-nucleus scattering are reported. The data were obtained with the E665 spectrometer using the Fermilab Tevatron muon beam with a mean beam energy of 470 GeV. Increases in the nuclear transparencies are observed as the virtuality of the photon increases, in qualitative agreement with the expectations of color transparency.

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Test of Scaling of the Massive Dihadron Cross-section

Kaplan, D.M. ; Guo, R. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 41 (1990) 2334, 1990.
Inspire Record 285484 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22990

Measurements of the cross section for production of massive dihadrons by 800-GeV protons incident on a tungsten target are presented. These are compared with measurements taken at lower and higher s and with perturbative-QCD predictions. Scaling and A-dependence behaviors observed at lower energies are confirmed, and good agreement with QCD is obtained. Model dependences of earlier measurements are discussed.

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Charm pair correlations in 800-GeV/c proton - emulsion interactions

The Fermilab E653 collaboration Kodama, K. ; Ushida, N. ; Mokhtarani, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 263 (1991) 579-583, 1991.
Inspire Record 30878 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47103

We present results on charm pair correlations measured in proton-emulsion interactions at s =38.7 GeV. The predictions of leading order QCD for the distributions in invariant mass, rapidity gap, x F , and polar angle in the charm pair CMS are qualitatively consistent with our measurements. The mean p T of the pairs is equal within errors to that measured in dilepton production at the same energy and mass range.

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Charm meson production in 800-GeV/c proton - emulsion interactions

The Fermilab E653 collaboration Kodama, K. ; Ushida, N. ; Mokhtarani, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 263 (1991) 573-578, 1991.
Inspire Record 30879 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47110

We report results on D 0 and D + production in proton-emulsion interactions at s =38.7 GeV. A fit to the form (1−| x F |) n exp (−bp 2 T ) yields n=6.9 +1.9 −1.8 and b=0.84 +0.10 −0.08 (GeV/ c ) −2 . The total inclusive cross section, is assuming linear A dependence, is measured to be 38±3(stat.) ±13 (sys.) μ b for the D 0 and 38±9±14 μ b for the D + . A comparison of these results with previous measurements indicates that nuclear effects do not strongly influence charm production. The predictions of QCD are in good agreement with our data.

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Analysis of the Cabibbo suppressed decay D0 --> pi- lepton+ neutrino

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 382 (1996) 312-322, 1996.
Inspire Record 419904 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42285

Results for the Cabibbo suppressed semileptonic decays D 0 → π − e + ν and D 0 → π − μ + ν (charge conjugates are implied) are reported by Fermilab photoproduction experiment E687. We find 45.4 ± 13.3 events in the electron mode and 45.6 ± 11.8 in the muon mode. The relative branching ratio BR (D 0 →π − l + v) BR (D 0 →K − l + v) for the combined sample is measured to be 0.101 ± 0.020 (stat.) ± 0.003 (syst.) 14 .

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$\Xi^0$ and $\bar{\Xi}^0$ Polarization Measurements at 800-GeV/c

The KTeV collaboration Abouzaid, E. ; Alavi-Harati, A. ; Alexopoulos, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 75 (2007) 012005, 2007.
Inspire Record 722906 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41797

The polarization of neutral Cascade and anti-Cascade hyperons produced by 800 GeV/c protons on a BeO target at a fixed targeting angle of 4.8 mrad is measured by the KTeV experiment at Fermilab. Our result of 9.7% for the neutral Cascade polarization shows no significant energy dependence when compared to a result obtained at 400 GeV/c production energy and at twice our targeting angle. The polarization of the neutral anti-Cascade is measured for the first time and found to be consistent with zero. We also examine the dependence of polarization on transverse production momentum.

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Photoproduction of D mesons

The E-687 collaboration Buchholz, D. ; Frabetti, P.L. ; Bogart, C.W. ; et al.
1990.
Inspire Record 300996 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43002
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Measurement of the light anti-quark flavor asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Hawker, E.A. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 80 (1998) 3715-3718, 1998.
Inspire Record 468098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42153

A precise measurement of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on hydrogen and deuterium targets is reported. Over 140,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs with dimuon mass M_{mu+ mu-} >= 4.5 GeV/c^2 were recorded. From these data, the ratio of anti-down (dbar) to anti-up (ubar) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-x. A strong x dependence is observed in the ratio dbar/ubar, showing substantial enhancement of dbar with respect to ubar for x<0.2. This result is in fair agreement with recent parton distribution parameterizations of the sea. For x>0.2, the observed dbar/ubar ratio is much nearer unity than given by the parameterizations.

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The A-dependence of J / psi and psi-prime production at 800-GeV/c

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 133-136, 1991.
Inspire Record 301531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19916

The yield of J/ψ and ψ’ vector-meson states has been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on deuterium, carbon, calcium, iron, and tungsten targets. A depletion of the yield per nucleon from heavy nuclei is observed for both J/ψ and ψ’ production. This depletion exhibits a strong dependence on xF and pt. Within experimental errors the depletion is the same for the J/ψ and the ψ’.

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Production of the D(s)+- by High-Energy Neutrons

Shipbaugh, C. ; Wiss, J. ; Binkley, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 2117, 1988.
Inspire Record 23063 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20174

We have observed the production of the Ds± by a high-energy neutron beam on nuclear targets. The Ds± was observed in the decay mode Ds±→φπ±, φ→K+K−. The average of the inclusive cross sections for Ds+ and Ds− hadroproduction is measured to be BdσdxF=2.85±0.80±0.86 μb/nucleon at xF=0.175 on the assumption of a linear A dependence, where B≡Γ(Ds±→φπ±)Γ(Ds±→all).

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CHARM PRODUCTION IN NEUTRON NUCLEON INTERACTIONS

Tzeng, L. ; Mcbride, P.L. ; Cooper, P.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 55 (1985) 1172-1175, 1985.
Inspire Record 221439 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20303

Hadronic production of charmed particles in association with muons from their semileptonic decay has been observed in a high-resolution streamer-chamber experiment performed at Fermilab. A miss-distance analysis of the pictures gives a signal of 17.3±4.7 events. Depending on the production model this corresponds to a range of neutron-nucleon cross sections from 8 to 50 μb, assuming an A23 dependence.

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Study of charged hadronic four-body decays of the D0 meson

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 354 (1995) 486-493, 1995.
Inspire Record 395966 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21354

Charged hadronic four-body decays of D 0 mesons have been studied in the E687 photoproduction experiment at Fermilab. Branching ratios relative to the D 0 → K − π + π + π − decay mode for the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D 0 → π − π + π − π + , D 0 → K − K + π − π + have been measured and the first evidence of the D 0 → K − K + K − π + decay mode is reported. An analysis of the D 0 → K − K + π − π + resonance structure is also presented.

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Limit on the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry of the nucleon sea from Drell-Yan production

McGaughey, P.L. ; Moss, J.M. ; Alde, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 69 (1992) 1726-1728, 1992.
Inspire Record 344919 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19848

We present an analysis of 800-GeV proton-induced Drell-Yan production data from isoscalar targets 2H and C, and from W, which has a large neutron excess. The ratio of cross sections per nucleon, R-σW/σIS, is sensitive to the difference between the d¯(x) and u¯(x) structure functions of the proton. We find that R is close to unity in the range 0.04≤x≤0.27, allowing upper limits to be set on the d¯-u¯ asymmetry. Additionally, the shape of the differential cross section m3 d2σ/dxF dm for 2H at xF≊0 shows no evidence of an asymmetric sea in the proton. We examine the implications of these data for various models of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule in deep-inelastic lepton scattering.

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Nuclear dependence of the production of Upsilon resonances at 800-GeV

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 2285-2288, 1991.
Inspire Record 315062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19910

The yields of the 1S and the sum of the 2S and 3S Υ resonances have been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. A significant nuclear dependence is seen in the yield per nucleon which, within errors, is the same for the Υ(1S) and Υ(2S+3D) states. A large decrease in the relative yield from heavy nuclei is found for the range xF<0. Significant nuclear dependence is also observed in the pt distribution. Differential cross sections for the Υ(1S) for H2 are presented over the ranges 0.24≤pt≤3.4 GeV/c and -0.15≤xF≤0.5.

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Nuclear dependence of dimuon production at 800-GeV. FNAL-772 experiment

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 2479-2482, 1990.
Inspire Record 303588 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19997

A precise measurement of the atomic-mass dependence of dimuon production induced by 800-GeV protons is reported. Over 450 000 muon pairs with dimuon mass M≥4 GeV were recorded from targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. The ratio of dimuon yield per nucleon for nuclei versus H2, R=YA/Y2H, is sensitive to modifications of the antiquark sea in nuclei. No nuclear dependence of this ratio is observed over the range of target-quark momentum fraction 0.1<xt<0.3. For xt<0.1 the ratio is slightly less than unity for the heavy nuclei. These results are compared with predictions of models of the European Muon Collaboration effect.

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