High x(t) single spin asymmetry in pi0 and eta production at x(F) = 0 by 200-GeV polarized anti-protons and protons

The E581 & E704 collaborations Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 276 (1992) 531-535, 1992.
Inspire Record 314231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29252

A measurement of the single-spin asymmetry A N in p↑ + p→ π 0 + X at 200 GeV with x F = 0 shows a transition in the production process from a “ low -x T ” regime with A N = 0, through an intermediate region of negative asymmetry, to a “ high -x T ” regime with A N > 0.3. This transition occurs at x T ≈ 0.4 and is consistent with x T -scaling of A N in pion production using polarized beams or targets from √− s =5.2 to 19.4 GeV. Results for A N in η production by polarized protons and in π 0 production by polarized antiprotons are also presented.

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Analyzing power in inclusive pi+ and pi- production at high x(F) with a 200-GeV polarized proton beam

The FNAL-E704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 264 (1991) 462-466, 1991.
Inspire Record 315569 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29360

The analyzing power in inclusive charged pion production has been measured using the 200 GeV Fermilab polarized proton beam. A striking dependence in x F is observed in which A N increases from 0 to 0.42 with increasing x F for the π + data and decreases from 0 to −0.38 with increasing x F for π − data. The kinematic range covered is 0.2⩽ x F ⩽0.9 and 0.2⩽ p T ⩽2.0 GeV / c . In a simple model our data indicate that at large x F the transverse spin of the proton is correlated with that of its quark constituents.

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Measurement of single spin asymmetry for direct photon production in p p collisions at 200-GeV/c

The E704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Achurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 345 (1995) 569-575, 1995.
Inspire Record 399938 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28766

The single spin asymmetry for inclusive direct-photon production has been measured using a polarized proton beam of 200 GeV/c with an unpolarized proton target at −0.15 < xf < 0.15 and 2.5 < pt < 3.1 GeV/c at Fermilab. The data on the cross section for pp → γX at 2.5 < pt < 3.8 GeV/c are also provided. The measurement was done using lead-glass calorimeters and photon detectors which surrounded the fiducial area of the calorimeters. Background rejection has been done using these surrounding photon detectors. The cross section obtained is consistent with the results of previous measurements assuming a nuclear dependence of A 1.0 . The single spin asymmetry, A N , for the direct-photon production is consistent with zero within experimental uncertainty.

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Measurement of the double spin asymmetry A-LL for inclusive multi gamma pair production with 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam and polarized proton target

The FNAL E581/704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 336 (1994) 269-274, 1994.
Inspire Record 378852 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28569

The invariant double-differential cross section, E 1 E 2 d 6 σ / d p 3 1 d p 3 2 , and the double-spin asymmetry, A LL , for inclusive multi-γ pair production in which γ-rays came from neutral mesons were measured with a 200 GeV / c longitudinally-polarized proton beam and a longitudinally-polarized proton target. Most of the multi-γ pairs comes from two-jet type events which are sensitive to partonic interaction. The A LL values were found to be consistent with zero. The invariant double-differential cross section for inclusive π 0 π 0 production was also measured. These measured cross sections are consistent with LUND Monte Carlo simulations. Using the LUND Monte Carlo simulation package with the Carlitz-Kaur model of spin dependent distribution functions of valence quarks, the A LL values have been compared with theoretical predictions of gluon polarization, ΔG / G . The results put restrictions on the size of ΔG / G in the region of 0.05 ⪅ x ⪅ 0.35.

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Single spin asymmetries in inclusive charged pion production by transversely polarized anti-protons

The Fermilab E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 2626-2629, 1996.
Inspire Record 419445 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42283

The analyzing power AN in inclusive π− and π+ production has been measured with a 200 GeV/c transversely polarized antiproton beam over a wide xF range (0.2≤xF≤0.9) and at moderate pT (0.2≤pT≤1.5GeV/c). The asymmetry AN increases with increasing xF from zero to large positive values for π−'s, and decreases from zero to large negative values for π+'s. A threshold for the onset of the asymmetry is observed about pT∼0.5GeV/c, below which AN is essentially zero and above which AN increases (decreases) with pT for π−'s ( π+'s) in the covered pT range.

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Measurement of single spin asymmetry in eta meson production in p (polarized) p and anti-p (polarized) p interactions in the beam fragmentation region at 200-GeV/c

The Fermilab E704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Bonner, B.E. ; Corcoran, M.D. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 510 (1998) 3-11, 1998.
Inspire Record 449811 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51687

We present experimental results on measuring a single spin asymmetry in η-meson production in the interaction of transversely polarized protons and antiprotons at p lab = 200 GeV / c with a proton target in the region 0.2 < x F < 0.7 for p ↑ p , 0.3 < x F < 0.7 for p ̄ ↑p and 0.7 < p T < 2.0 GeV / c . A comparison of single spin asymmetries in π- and η-meson production is made.

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Large x(F) spin asymmetry in pi0 production by 200-GeV polarized protons

The E581 & E704 collaborations Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 56 (1992) 181-184, 1992.
Inspire Record 314230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14557

The spin asymmetryAN for inclusive π0 production by 200-GeV transversely-polarized protons on a liquid hydrogen target has been measured at Fermilab over a wide range ofxF, with 0.5<pT<2 GeV/c. AtxF>0.3, the asymmetry rises with increasingxF and reaches a value ofAN=0.15±0.03 in the region 0.6<xF<0.8. This result provides new input regarding the question of the internal spin structure of transversely-polarized protons.

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Measurement of the differences in the total cross-section for antiparallel and parallel longitudinal spins and a measurement of parity nonconservation with incident polarized protons and anti-protons at 200-GeV/c

The E581/704 collaboration Grosnick, D.P. ; Hill, D.A. ; Kasprzyk, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 55 (1997) 1159-1187, 1997.
Inspire Record 420534 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22329

The highest-energy measurement of ΔσL(pp) and the first ever measurement of ΔσL(p¯p), the differences between proton-proton and antiproton-proton total cross sections for pure longitudinal spin states, are described. Data were taken using 200-GeV/c polarized beams incident on a polarized-proton target. The results are measured to be ΔσL(pp)=−42±48(stat)±53(syst) μb and ΔσL(p¯p)=−256±124(stat)±109(syst) μb. Many tests of systematic effects were investigated and are described, and a comparison to theoretical predictions is also given. Measurements of parity nonconservation at 200 GeV/c in proton scattering and the first ever of antiproton scattering have also been derived from these data. The values are consistent with zero at the 10−5 level.

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Spin transfer in inclusive Lambda0 production by transversely polarized protons at 200-GeV/c

The E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 4003-4006, 1997.
Inspire Record 449327 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19560

Surprisingly large polarizations in hyperon production by unpolarized protons have been known for a long time. The spin dynamics of the production process can be further investigated with polarized beams. Recently, a negative asymmetry AN was found in inclusive Λ0 production with a 200GeV/c transversely polarized proton beam. The depolarization DNN in p↑+p→Λ0+X has been measured with the same beam over a wide xF range and at moderate pT. DNN reaches positive values of about 30% at high xF and pT∼1.0GeV/c. This result shows a sizable spin transfer from the incident polarized proton to the outgoing Λ0.

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Analyzing power measurement in inclusive Lambda0 production with a 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam

The E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 3073-3077, 1995.
Inspire Record 406598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19610

The considerable polarization of hyperons produced at high xF has been known for a long time and has been interpreted with various theoretical models in terms of the constituents' spin. Recently, the analyzing power in inclusive Λ0 hyperon production has also been measured using the 200GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. The covered kinematic range is 0.2≤xF≤1.0 and 0.1≤pT≤1.5GeV/c. The data indicate a negative asymmetry at large xF and moderate pT. These results can further test the current ideas on the underlying mechanisms for hyperon polarization.

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First results for the two spin parameter A(LL) in pi0 production by 200-GeV polarized protons and anti-protons

The E581 & E704 collaborations Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 261 (1991) 197-200, 1991.
Inspire Record 314233 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29385

The two-spin parameter A LL in inclusive π 0 productionby longitudinally-polarized protons and antiprotons on a longitudinally-polarized proton target has been measured at the 200 GeV Fermilab spin physics facility, for π 0 's at x F =0 with 1⩽ p t ⩽3 GeV/ c . The results exclude, at the 95% confidence level, values of A LL (pp) > 0.1 and < − 0.1 for π 0 's produced by protons, and values of A LL ( p p) > 0.1 and < −0.2 for incident antiprotons. The relevance of A LL (pp) for the gluon spin density is discussed. The data are in good agreement with “conventional”, small or zero, gluon polarization.

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Comparison of spin asymmetries and cross-sections in pi0 production by 200-GeV polarized anti-protons and protons

The E581 & E704 collaborations Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 261 (1991) 201-206, 1991.
Inspire Record 314232 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29396
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Studies of Topological Distributions of the Three- and Four-Jet Events in $\bar{p}p$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1800$ GeV with the D0 Detector

The D0 collaboration Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 53 (1996) 6000-6016, 1996.
Inspire Record 399364 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11124

The global topologies of inclusive three-- and four--jet events produced in $\pp$ interactions are described. The three-- and four--jet events are selected from data recorded by the D\O\ detector at the Tevatron Collider operating at a center--of--mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 1800$ GeV. The measured, normalized distributions of various topological variables are compared with parton--level predictions of tree--level QCD calculations. The parton--level QCD calculations are found to be in good agreement with the data. The studies also show that the topological distributions of the different subprocesses involving different numbers of quarks are very similar and reproduce the measured distributions well. The parton shower Monte Carlo generators provide a less satisfactory description of the topologies of the three-- and four--jet events.

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High-$p_T$ jets in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 630$ GeV and 1800 GeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 032003, 2001.
Inspire Record 539003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42946

Results are presented from analyses of jet data produced in pbarp collisions at sqrt{s} = 630 and 1800 GeV collected with the DO detector during the 1994-95 Fermilab Tevatron Collider run. We discuss details of detector calibration, and jet selection criteria in measurements of various jet production cross sections at sqrt{s} = 630 and 1800 GeV. The inclusive jet cross sections, the dijet mass spectrum, the dijet angular distributions, and the ratio of inclusive jet cross sections at sqrt{s} = 630 and 1800 GeV are compared to next-to-leading-order QCD predictions. The order alpha_s^3 calculations are in good agreement with the data. We also use the data at sqrt{s} = 1800 GeV to rule out models of quark compositeness with a contact interaction scale less than 2.2 TeV at the 95% confidence level.

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Search for First Generation Scalar and Vector Leptoquarks

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 092004, 2001.
Inspire Record 557085 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42922

We describe a search for the pair production of first-generation scalar and vector leptoquarks in the eejj and enujj channels by the D0 Collaboration. The data are from the 1992--1996 ppbar run at sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We find no evidence for leptoquark production; in addition, no kinematically interesting events are observed using relaxed selection criteria. The results from the eejj and enujj channels are combined with those from a previous D0 analysis of the nunujj channel to obtain 95% confidence level (C.L.) upper limits on the leptoquark pair-production cross section as a function of mass and of beta, the branching fraction to a charged lepton. These limits are compared to next-to-leading-order theory to set 95% C.L. lower limits on the mass of a first-generation scalar leptoquark of 225, 204, and 79 GeV/c^2 for beta=1, 1/2, and 0, respectively. For vector leptoquarks with gauge (Yang-Mills) couplings, 95% C.L. lower limits of 345, 337, and 206 GeV/c^2 are set on the mass for beta=1, 1/2, and 0, respectively. Mass limits for vector leptoquarks are also set for anomalous vector couplings.

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Search for electroweak production of single top quarks in $p\bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 63 (2000) 031101, 2000.
Inspire Record 531764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42976

We present a search for electroweak production of single top quarks in the electron+jets and muon+jets decay channels. The measurements use ~90 pb^-1 of data from Run 1 of the Fermilab Tevatron collider, collected at 1.8 TeV with the DZero detector between 1992 and 1995. We use events that include a tagging muon, implying the presence of a b jet, to set an upper limit at the 95% confidence level on the cross section for the s-channel process ppbar->tb+X of 39 pb. The upper limit for the t-channel process ppbar->tqb+X is 58 pb.

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Studies of $W W$ and $W Z$ production and limits on anomalous $W W \gamma$ and $W W Z$ couplings

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 60 (1999) 072002, 1999.
Inspire Record 499282 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42124

Evidence of anomalous WW and WZ production was sought in pbar{p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV. The final states $WW (WZ) to mu-nu-jet-jet + X, WZ to mu-nu-e-e + X and WZ to e-nu-e-e + X were studied using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 90 pb-1. No evidence of anomalous diboson production was found. Limits were set on anomalous WWgamma and WWZ couplings and were combined with our previous results. The combined 95% confidence level anomalous coupling limits for Lambda=2 TeV are -0.25 LE Delta-kappa LE 0.39 (lambda=0) and -0.18 LE lambda LE 0.19 (Delta \kappa = 0), assuming the WWgamma couplings are equal to the WWZ couplings.

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Measurement of $W$ and $Z$ boson production cross sections

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 60 (1999) 052003, 1999.
Inspire Record 494696 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42125

DO has measured the inclusive production cross section of W and Z bosons in a sample of 13 pb$^{-1}$ of data collected at the Fermilab Tevatron. The cross sections, multiplied by their leptonic branching fractions, for production in pbar-p collisions at sqrt{s}=1.8 TeV are sigma_W*B(W->e nu) = 2.36+-0.02+-0.08+-0.13 nb, sigma_W*B(W->mu nu) = 2.09+-0.06+-0.22+-0.11 nb, sigma_Z*B(Z->e+ e-) = 0.218+-0.008+-0.008+-0.012 nb, and sigma_Z*B(Z->mu+ mu-) = 0.178+-0.022+-0.021+-0.009 nb, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic; the third reflects the uncertainty in the integrated luminosity. For the combined electron and muon analyses, we find sigma_W*B(W->l mu)/sigma_Z*B(Z->l+ l-) = 10.90+-0.52. Assuming standard model couplings, we use this result to determine the width of the W boson, and obtain Gamma(W) = 2.044+-0.097 GeV.

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Direct measurement of the top quark mass at D0

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Acharya, B.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 58 (1998) 052001, 1998.
Inspire Record 466578 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42170

We determine the top quark mass m_t using t-tbar pairs produced in the D0 detector by \sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV p-pbar collisions in a 125 pb^-1 exposure at the Fermilab Tevatron. We make a two constraint fit to m_t in t-tbar -> b W^+bbar W^- final states with one W boson decaying to q-qbar and the other to e-nu or mu-nu. Likelihood fits to the data yield m_t(l+jets) = 173.3 +- 5.6 (stat) +- 5.5 (syst) GeV/c^2. When this result is combined with an analysis of events in which both W bosons decay into leptons, we obtain m_t = 172.1 +- 5.2 (stat) +- 4.9 (syst) GeV/c^2. An alternate analysis, using three constraint fits to fixed top quark masses, gives m_t(l+jets) = 176.0 +- 7.9 (stat) +- 4.8 (syst) GeV/C^2, consistent with the above result. Studies of kinematic distributions of the top quark candidates are also presented.

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Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 1203-1208, 1997.
Inspire Record 442536 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42194

We present a measurement of the ttbar production cross section in ppbar collisions at root(s) = 1.8TeV by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. The measurement is based on data from an integrated luminosity of approximately 125 pb~-1 accumulated during the 1992-1996 collider run. We observe 39 ttbar candidate events in the dilepton and lepton+jets decay channels with an expected background of 13.7+-2.2 events. For a top quark mass of 173.3GeV/c~2, we measure the ttbar production cross section to be 5.5+-1.8 pb.

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Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions using multijet final states

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 60 (1999) 012001, 1999.
Inspire Record 475565 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42156

We have studied tbar-t production using multijet final states in pbar-p collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.8 TeV, with an integrated luminosity of 110.3 pb(-1). Each of the top quarks with these final states decays exclusively to a bottom quark and a W boson, with the W bosons decaying into quark-antiquark pairs. The analysis has been optimized using neural networks to achieve the smallest expected fractional uncertainty on the tbar-t production cross section, and yields a cross section of 7.1 +/- 2.8(stat.) +/- 1.5(syst.) pb, assuming a top quark mass of 172.1 GeV/c^(2). Combining this result with previous D0 measurements, where one or both of the W bosons decay leptonically, gives a tbar t production cross section of 5.9 +/- 1.2(stat) +/- 1.1(syst) pb.

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The isolated photon cross-section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 2786-2791, 2000.
Inspire Record 511200 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42075

We report a new measurement of the cross section for the production of isolated photons, with transverse energies (ET) above 10 GeV and pseudorapidities |eta| < 2.5, in p pbar collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV. The results are based on a data sample of 107.6 pb-1 recorded during 1992--1995 with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The background, predominantly from jets which fragment to neutral mesons, was estimated using the longitudinal shower shape of photon candidates in the calorimeter. The measured cross section is in good agreement with the next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD calculation for ET > 36 GeV.

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Studies of gauge boson pair production and trilinear couplings

The D0 collaboration Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 56 (1997) 6742-6778, 1997.
Inspire Record 441947 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42213

The gauge boson pair production processes Wg, WW, WZ, and Zg were studied using pbarp collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of ~14 pb-1 at a center-of-mass energy of sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV. Analysis of Wg prod with subsequent W boson decay to lv (l=e,mu) is reported, including a fit to the pT spectrum of the photons which leads to limits on anomalous WWg couplings. A search for WW prod with subsequent decay to l-lbar-v-vbar (l=e,mu) is presented leading to an upper limit on the WW prod cross section and limits on anomalous WWg and WWZ couplings. A search for high pT W bosons in WW and WZ prod is described, where one W boson decays to an ev and the second W boson or the Z boson decays to two jets. A maximum likelihood fit to the pT spectrum of W bosons resulted in limits on anomalous WWg and WWZ couplings. A combined fit to the three data sets which provided the tightest limits on anomalous WWg and WWZ couplings is also described. Limits on anomalous ZZg and Zgg couplings are presented from an analysis of the photon ET spectrum in Zg events in the decay channels (ee, mu-mu, and v-vbar) of the Z boson.

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Observation of the top quark

The D0 collaboration Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 2632-2637, 1995.
Inspire Record 393099 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42452

The DO collaboration reports on a search for the Standard Model top quark in pbar-p collisions at Sqrt(s)=1.8TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron, with an integrated luminosity of approximately 50pb-1. We have searched for t-tbar production in the dilepton and single-lepton decay channels, with and without tagging of b-quark jets. We observed 17 events with an expected background of 3.8+/-0.6 events. The probability for an upward fluctuation of the background to produce the observed signal is 2.0E-6 (equivalent to 4.6 standard deviations). The kinematic properties of the excess events are consistent with top quark decay. We conclude that we have observed the top quark and measure its mass to be 199~+19_21 (stat.)+/- 22 (syst.)GeV/c**2 and its production cross section to be 6.4 +/- 2.2 pb.

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Measurement of the angular distribution of electrons from $W \to e \nu$ decays observed in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 63 (2001) 072001, 2001.
Inspire Record 533572 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41717

We present the first measurement of the electron angular distribution parameter alpha_2 in W to e nu events produced in proton-antiproton collisions as a function of the W boson transverse momentum. Our analysis is based on data collected using the D0 detector during the 1994--1995 Fermilab Tevatron run. We compare our results with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD, which predicts an angular distribution of (1 +/- alpha_1 cos theta* + alpha_2 cos^2 theta*), where theta* is the polar angle of the electron in the Collins-Soper frame. In the presence of QCD corrections, the parameters alpha_1 and alpha_2 become functions of p_T^W, the W boson transverse momentum. This measurement provides a test of next-to-leading order QCD corrections which are a non-negligible contribution to the W boson mass measurement.

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