Test of Scaling of the Massive Dihadron Cross-section

Kaplan, D.M. ; Guo, R. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 41 (1990) 2334, 1990.
Inspire Record 285484 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22990

Measurements of the cross section for production of massive dihadrons by 800-GeV protons incident on a tungsten target are presented. These are compared with measurements taken at lower and higher s and with perturbative-QCD predictions. Scaling and A-dependence behaviors observed at lower energies are confirmed, and good agreement with QCD is obtained. Model dependences of earlier measurements are discussed.

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High Transverse Momentum Single Hadron Production in $p p$ and $p d$ Collisions at $s^{1/2}$ = 27.4-GeV and $s^{1/2}$ = 38.8-GeV

Jaffe, D.E. ; Straub, P.B. ; Adams, M.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 2777, 1989.
Inspire Record 278691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23016

Results of high-transverse-momentum charged-hadron production in 400-GeV/c proton-proton and proton-deuteron collisions and 800-GeV/c proton-proton collisions are presented. The transverse-momentum range of the data is from 5.2 to 9.0 GeV/c for the 400-GeV/c collisions and from 3.6 to 11.0 GeV/c for the 800-GeV/c collisions; the data are centered around 90° in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum system. Single-pion invariant cross sections and particle ratios were measured at both energies. The results are compared to previous experiments and the Lund model.

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Inclusive Hadronic Production Cross-Sections Measured in Proton - Nucleus Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 27.4-GeV

Crittenden, J.A. ; Hsiung, Y.B. ; Kaplan, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 34 (1986) 2584, 1986.
Inspire Record 231109 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23462

We present results on the production of hadrons in collisions of 400-GeV/c protons with beryllium, copper, and tungsten nuclei. The data cover the region from 5.6 to 8.0 GeV/c in the transverse momentum of the final-state hadron and from 73° to 102° in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum frame production angle theta*. The restriction of the data to values of xT (xT=2pT/ √s ) greater than 0.4 enriches the sample with hard collisions of valence quarks. Asymmetries about theta*=90° reflect the presence of neutrons in the target nuclei. The variation of the atomic-weight dependence parameter α with production angle is discussed in the context of the phenomenology of nucleonic structure within nuclei. We also extrapolate our measurements to a ‘‘deuteron’’ target to minimize nuclear effects and compare the result to QCD calculations.

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Particle ratios of high x(t) hadrons in p A interactions at s**(1/2) = 38.8-GeV.

Straub, P.B. ; Jaffe, D.E. ; Glass, H.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 45 (1992) 3030-3037, 1992.
Inspire Record 342598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22727

We report measurements of the ratios K+π+, pπ+, K−π−, p¯π−, π−π+, K−K+, and p¯p for hadrons with 0.19<xt<0.62 produced in p−Be and p−W collisions at s=38.8 GeV. The K+π+ ratio at high xt gives the fragmentation-function ratio DuK+Duπ+ at high z. The high-xt K−π− ratio gives an upper limit for DdK−Ddπ− at high z. The pt dependence of pπ+ suggests that scattered constituent diquarks are the primary source of protons with pt<6 GeV/c. We also present species correlations in high-mass h+h− pairs. Strong K+K− and pp¯ correlations were observed.

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Dimuon production in proton - copper collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

Moreno, G. ; Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 43 (1991) 2815-2836, 1991.
Inspire Record 302822 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22831

Experimental results on the production of dimuons by 800-GeV protons incident on a copper target are presented. The results include measurements of both the continuum of dimuons and the dimuon decays of the three lowest-mass ϒ S states. A description of the apparatus, data acquisition, and analysis techniques is included. A comparison of the results with data taken at lower incident energies indicates a scaling behavior of the continuum dimuon yields.

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High Transverse Momentum Hadron Hadron Correlations in $\sqrt{s}=38$.8-{GeV} Proton Proton Interactions

Jaffe, D.E. ; Straub, P.B. ; Adams, M.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 1016-1019, 1988.
Inspire Record 268868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23278

Measurements of correlations of nearly back-to-back hadrons produced at a large transverse momentum in s=38.8 GeV proton-proton collisions are presented and compared to previous results with a beryllium target. The correlations of identified unlike-sign hadron pairs in ratio to the correlation for all unlike-sign pairs are compared with predictions of the Lund model. These predictions differ from the data.

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Measurement of $\Upsilon$ Production for $p+p$ and $p+d$ Interactions at 800 GeV/c

The NuSea collaboration Zhu, L.Y. ; Reimer, Paul E. ; Mueller, B.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 062301, 2008.
Inspire Record 763967 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42715

We report a high statistics measurement of Upsilon production with an 800 GeV/c proton beam on hydrogen and deuterium targets. The dominance of the gluon-gluon fusion process for Upsilon production at this energy implies that the cross section ratio, $\sigma (p + d \to \Upsilon) / 2\sigma (p + p\to \Upsilon)$, is sensitive to the gluon content in the neutron relative to that in the proton. Over the kinematic region 0 < x_F < 0.6, this ratio is found to be consistent with unity, in striking contrast to the behavior of the Drell-Yan cross section ratio $\sigma(p+d)_{DY}/2\sigma(p+p)_{DY}$. This result shows that the gluon distributions in the proton and neutron are very similar. The Upsilon production cross sections are also compared with the p+d and p+Cu cross sections from earlier measurements.

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Production of J / psi at large x(F) in 800-GeV/c p copper and p beryllium collisions

Kowitt, M.S. ; Gidal, G. ; Ho, P.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 1318-1321, 1994.
Inspire Record 361036 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42472

The differential cross sections dσ/dxF for J/ψ produced inclusively in 800 GeV/c p-Cu and p-Be collisions have been measured in the kinematic range 0.30≤xF≤0.95 through the decay mode J/ψ→μ+μ−. They are compared with the predictions of the semilocal duality model for several sets of parton density functions. No evidence for a suggested intrinsic charm contribution to the cross section is observed. The ratio of the differential cross sections for Cu and Be targets confirms the suppression of J/ψ production in heavy nuclei at large xF.

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Measurement of the light anti-quark flavor asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Hawker, E.A. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 80 (1998) 3715-3718, 1998.
Inspire Record 468098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42153

A precise measurement of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on hydrogen and deuterium targets is reported. Over 140,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs with dimuon mass M_{mu+ mu-} >= 4.5 GeV/c^2 were recorded. From these data, the ratio of anti-down (dbar) to anti-up (ubar) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-x. A strong x dependence is observed in the ratio dbar/ubar, showing substantial enhancement of dbar with respect to ubar for x<0.2. This result is in fair agreement with recent parton distribution parameterizations of the sea. For x>0.2, the observed dbar/ubar ratio is much nearer unity than given by the parameterizations.

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Search for the decay D0 ---> mu+ mu-

The E789 collaboration Mishra, C.S. ; Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 50 (1994) R9-R12, 1994.
Inspire Record 374150 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42371

Using a silicon-microstrip detector array to identify secondary vertices occurring downstream of a short platinum target, we have searched for the decay D0→μ+μ−. Normalized relative to the J/ψ→μ+μ− signal observed in the same data sample, for a 3.25-mm minimum decay distance our branching-ratio sensitivity is (4.8±1.4)×10−6 per event, and after background subtraction we observe -4.1±4.8 events. Using the statistical approach advocated by the Particle Data Group, we obtain a limit B(D0→μ+μ−)<3.1×10−5 at 90% confidence, confirming with a different technique the limit previously obtained by Louis et al. The interpretation of the upper limit involves complex statistical issues; we present another approach which is more suitable for combining the results of different experiments.

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Cross-sections for the production of high mass muon pairs from 800-GeV proton bombardment of H-2

The E772 collaboration McGaughey, P.L. ; Moss, J.M. ; Alde, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 50 (1994) 3038-3045, 1994.
Inspire Record 372414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42501

Absolute cross sections as functions of kinematic variables are presented for the production of muon pairs from 800 GeV proton bombardment of H2. Drell-Yan (continuum) dimuons were recorded in the mass regions 4.5≤Mμ+μ−≤9 GeV and Mμ+μ−≥11 GeV, with an x-Feynman range -0.1≤xF≤0.75. This range corresponds to smaller masses and larger values of xF than previous 800 GeV Drell-Yan data. Cross sections for the Υ(1S) resonance are also given versus the transverse momentum and xF.

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Nuclear dependence of dimuon production at 800-GeV. FNAL-772 experiment

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 2479-2482, 1990.
Inspire Record 303588 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19997

A precise measurement of the atomic-mass dependence of dimuon production induced by 800-GeV protons is reported. Over 450 000 muon pairs with dimuon mass M≥4 GeV were recorded from targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. The ratio of dimuon yield per nucleon for nuclei versus H2, R=YA/Y2H, is sensitive to modifications of the antiquark sea in nuclei. No nuclear dependence of this ratio is observed over the range of target-quark momentum fraction 0.1<xt<0.3. For xt<0.1 the ratio is slightly less than unity for the heavy nuclei. These results are compared with predictions of models of the European Muon Collaboration effect.

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Limit on the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry of the nucleon sea from Drell-Yan production

McGaughey, P.L. ; Moss, J.M. ; Alde, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 69 (1992) 1726-1728, 1992.
Inspire Record 344919 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19848

We present an analysis of 800-GeV proton-induced Drell-Yan production data from isoscalar targets 2H and C, and from W, which has a large neutron excess. The ratio of cross sections per nucleon, R-σW/σIS, is sensitive to the difference between the d¯(x) and u¯(x) structure functions of the proton. We find that R is close to unity in the range 0.04≤x≤0.27, allowing upper limits to be set on the d¯-u¯ asymmetry. Additionally, the shape of the differential cross section m3 d2σ/dxF dm for 2H at xF≊0 shows no evidence of an asymmetric sea in the proton. We examine the implications of these data for various models of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule in deep-inelastic lepton scattering.

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The A-dependence of J / psi and psi-prime production at 800-GeV/c

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 133-136, 1991.
Inspire Record 301531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19916

The yield of J/ψ and ψ’ vector-meson states has been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on deuterium, carbon, calcium, iron, and tungsten targets. A depletion of the yield per nucleon from heavy nuclei is observed for both J/ψ and ψ’ production. This depletion exhibits a strong dependence on xF and pt. Within experimental errors the depletion is the same for the J/ψ and the ψ’.

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Dimuon Production in 800-{GeV} Proton Nucleus Collisions

Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; Finley, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 63 (1989) 2637-2640, 1989.
Inspire Record 288346 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20031

A measurement of continuum dimuon production in proton-copper collisions at 800-GeV incident energy is presented. The dimuons observed in this experiment cover the mass range from 6.5 to 18 GeV near y=0 in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum frame. Scaling forms of the cross section for the continuum are compared with the results of other experiments in the context of the parton model and quantum chromodynamics. The present limitations of such scaling comparisons are discussed.

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Nuclear dependence of the production of Upsilon resonances at 800-GeV

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 2285-2288, 1991.
Inspire Record 315062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19910

The yields of the 1S and the sum of the 2S and 3S Υ resonances have been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. A significant nuclear dependence is seen in the yield per nucleon which, within errors, is the same for the Υ(1S) and Υ(2S+3D) states. A large decrease in the relative yield from heavy nuclei is found for the range xF<0. Significant nuclear dependence is also observed in the pt distribution. Differential cross sections for the Υ(1S) for H2 are presented over the ranges 0.24≤pt≤3.4 GeV/c and -0.15≤xF≤0.5.

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Nuclear dependence of neutral D meson production by 800-GeV/c protons

The E789 collaboration Leitch, M.J. ; Boissevain, J. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 2542-2545, 1994.
Inspire Record 371874 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19694

The nuclear dependence for 800 GeV/c proton production of neutron D mesons has been measured near xF=0 in Experiment 789 at Fermilab. D mesons from beryllium and gold targets were detected with a pair spectrometer and a silicon vertex detector via their decay D→Kπ. No nuclear dependence is found, with a measured α=1.02±0.03±0.02. The measured differential cross section, dσ/dxF, for neutral-D-meson production at 〈xF〉=0.031 is 58±3±7 μb/nucleon. The integrated cross section obtained by extrapolation of the measured cross section to all xF is 17.7±0.9±3.4 μb/nucleon and is consistent with previous measurements.

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Observation of polarization in bottomonium production at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

The NuSea collaboration Brown, C.N. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 2529-2532, 2001.
Inspire Record 536629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19423

We present a measurement of the polarization observed for bottomonium states produced in p-Cu collisions at sqrt(s)=38.8 GeV. The angular distribution of the decay dimuons of the Upsilon(1S) state show no polarization at small xF and pT but significant positive transverse production polarization for either pT > 1.8 GeV/c or for xF > 0.35. The Upsilon(2S+3S) unresolved states show a large transverse production polarization at all values of xF and pT measured. These observations are compared with an NRQCD calculation that predicts a transverse polarization in bottomonium production arising from quark-antiquark fusion and gluon-gluon fusion diagrams.

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Parton energy loss limits and shadowing in Drell-Yan dimuon production

The NuSea collaboration Vasilev, M.A. ; Beddo, M.E. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 2304-2307, 1999.
Inspire Record 501230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19445

A precise measurement of the ratios of the Drell-Yan cross section per nucleon for an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on Be, Fe and W targets is reported. The behavior of the Drell-Yan ratios at small target parton momentum fraction is well described by an existing fit to the shadowing observed in deep-inelastic scattering. The cross section ratios as a function of the incident parton momentum fraction set tight limits on the energy loss of quarks passing through a cold nucleus.

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Improved measurement of the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Towell, R.S. ; McGaughey, P.L. ; Awes, T.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 052002, 2001.
Inspire Record 554316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22184

Measurements of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 \rm{GeV/c} proton beam incident on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets are reported. Approximately 360,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs remained after all cuts on the data. From these data, the ratio of anti-down ($\bar{d}$) to anti-up ($\bar{u}$) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-$x$. These results confirm previous measurements by E866 and extend them to lower $x$. From these data, $(\bar{d}-\bar{u})$ and $\int(\bar{d}-\bar{u})dx$ are evaluated for $0.015&lt;x&lt;0.35$. These results are compared with parameterizations of various parton distribution functions, models and experimental results from NA51, NMC, and HERMES.

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Measurement of J / psi and psi-prime suppression in p-A collisions at 800-GeV/c

The NuSea collaboration Leitch, M.J. ; Lee, W.M. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 3256-3260, 2000.
Inspire Record 507188 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55127

Measurements of the suppression of the yield per nucleon of J/Psi and Psi' production for 800 GeV/c protons incident on heavy relative to light nuclear targets have been made with very broad coverage in xF and pT. The observed suppression is smallest at xF values of 0.25 and below and increases at larger values of xF. It is also strongest at small pT. Substantial differences between the Psi' and J/Psi are observed for the first time in p-A collisions. The suppression for the Psi' is stronger than that for the J/Psi for xF near zero, but becomes comparable to that for the J/Psi for xF > 0.6.

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Study of Scaling in Hadronic Production of Dimuons

Yoh, J.K. ; Herb, S.W. ; Hom, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 684, 1978.
Inspire Record 130804 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3337

We present proton-nucleus dimuon-production cross sections for masses between 4 and 15 GeV, center-of-mass rapidities between -0.23 and 0.6 and incident energies of 200, 300, and 400 GeV. The data confirm scaling to the 20% level. The dependence of continuum 〈pT〉 on beam energy is also presented.

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Measurement of the Continuum of Dimuons Produced in High-Energy Proton - Nucleus Collisions

Ito, A.S. ; Fisk, R.J. ; Jostlein, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 23 (1981) 604-633, 1981.
Inspire Record 153009 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24076

We report final results of a series of measurements of continuum dimuon production in proton-nucleus collisions at Fermilab. New results with 6 times more statistics are included. A full description of the apparatus and methods used in the analysis of this series of measurements is given. The sea quark distribution of the nucleon is determined within the context of Drell-Yan and quantum-chromodynamic description of dilepton production in hadron collisions.

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Evidence for the $\Upsilon^{\prime\prime}$ and a Search for New Narrow Resonances

Ueno, K. ; Brown, B.C. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 42 (1979) 486-489, 1979.
Inspire Record 132766 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42707

The production of the ϒ family in proton-nucleus collisions is clarified by a sixfold increase in statistics. Constraining ϒ,ϒ′ masses to those observed at DORIS we find the statistical significance of the ϒ′′ to be 11 standard deviations. The dependence of ϒ production on pt, y, and s is presented. Limits for other resonance production in the mass range 4-18 GeV are determined.

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Observation of a Dimuon Resonance at 9.5-GeV in 400-GeV Proton-Nucleus Collisions

Herb, S.W. ; Hom, D.C. ; Lederman, L.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 252-255, 1977.
Inspire Record 120368 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42613

Dimuon production is studied in 400-GeV proton-nucleus collisions. A strong enhancement is observed at 9.5 GeV mass in a sample of 9000 dimuon events with a mass $m_{\mu^+\mu^-} \to$ 5 GeV.

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