DIFFRACTIVE PRODUCTION OF pi- pi- pi+ IN 200-GeV/c pi- N INTERACTIONS

Joyner, R.W. ; Chang, C.C. ; Davis, T.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 1865, 1989.
Inspire Record 22768 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23242

This paper analyzes π−N→π−π−π+N events from Fermilab experiment E-580, using 200-GeV/c particles on a segmented target of plastic scintillator. Starting with 48 657 triggers, data-quality cuts and a cut on missing mass squared of M2<16 GeV2 lead to a final sample of 7205 events. The xF distribution of the 3π system shows almost all events in a sharp peak at xF=1, suggesting the presence of beam diffraction into three pions. The overall t’ distribution is fit to the sum of three exponential terms corresponding to coherent diffraction from carbon nuclei, diffraction from individual nucleons, and background. Cross sections per nucleon and exponential slopes are reported for each of the three components as a function of 3π effective mass. The cross section for diffraction from the nucleons in the target is 0.34±0.04 mb/nucleon. The cross section for coherent diffraction from carbon is 1.08±0.12 mb/nucleus. The exponential slope for diffraction is observed to decrease with increasing 3π effective mass. The fraction of coherent carbon diffraction in the total cross section is observed to decrease with increasing 3π effective mass. In the π−π+ effective-mass spectrum the ρ0(770) and f0(1270) are observed and their cross sections per nucleon are calculated. In the π−π−π+ effective-mass spectrum the A1−/A2− and A3− enhancements are observed and a cross section for the A3− is calculated.

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Inclusive Strange Particle Production in Single Vee Events in 200-GeV/c pi- n Interactions

Mikocki, S. ; Ficenec, J.R. ; Torres, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 34 (1986) 42, 1986.
Inspire Record 218617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23427

For the reaction π−N→V0X, where V0 is a Ks0, Λ, and Λ¯ and X are charged particles, we measured the transverse- and longitudinal-momentum distributions, and inclusive cross sections for the V0 and for K*±(892), Σ±(1385), and Ξ±(1321). We compare our results with predictions of quark-counting rules, and conclude that valence quarks play an important role in strange-particle production.

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Diffractive Production of $K^0_s K^0_s \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^-$ in $\pi^-N$ Interactions at 200-GeV/c

Chang, C.C. ; Davis, T.C. ; Diamond, R.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 29 (1984) 1888-1894, 1984.
Inspire Record 194648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23730

The diffractive dissociation of a 200-GeV/c π− beam into KS0KS0π+π−π− has been observed. The diffractive KS0KS0π+π−π− cross section is 1.59±0.78 μb. The ratio of the diffractive KS0KS0π+π−π− cross section to the diffractive KS0KS0π− cross section is 0.40±0.13, which is in good agreement with a diffractive-fragmentation-model prediction of 0.36. There is evidence for simultaneous production of K*− and K*+ in the diffractive KS0KS0π+π−π− sample. The K*+−KS0π−+ mass distribution shows an enhancement near 1.95 GeV.

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Observation of Double phi Meson Production in 400-GeV/c Proton - Nucleon Interactions

Davenport, T.F. ; Albright, John R. ; Goldman, J.H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 33 (1986) 2519, 1986.
Inspire Record 218616 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23536

The production of φ-meson pairs has been observed in 400-GeV/c proton-nucleon interactions at the Fermilab multiparticle spectrometer in the inclusive reaction pN→φφ+X, where each φ decays to a K+K− pair. A fast (200 nsec) high-level processor was used to selectively trigger on events containing two pairs of oppositely charged kaons having low invariant masses. The experimental apparatus and trigger processor are described. The cross section for φφ production and an upper limit for ηc production are presented.

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Resonance Production in Diffractive $\pi^- N \to K^0_s K^0_s \pi^- N^{\prime}$ at 200-GeV/c

Chen, T.Y. ; Jenkins, E.W. ; Johnson, K.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 28 (1983) 2304, 1983.
Inspire Record 182627 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23787

The reaction π−N→KS0KS0π−N′ at 200 GeV/c has been observed with a sensitivity of 450±150 events/μb. The KS0KS0π− system exhibits substantial K*−(890)K0 production. Also produced are f0(1270)π−, f′(1515)π−, and K*−(1430)K0 final states. These resonances occur predominantly at threshold. The diffractive KS0KS0π− cross section is 3.4±1.1 μb. An enhancement near the A3−(1680) is observed in the KS0KS0π− invariant-mass distribution.

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Inelastic Two Prong Events in 147-GeV/c pi- p Collisions.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 104 (1976) 32-51, 1976.
Inspire Record 112609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36026
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Cross-Sections and Charged Multiplicity Distributions for pi- p and K- p Interactions at 147-GeV/c.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 102 (1976) 386-404, 1976.
Inspire Record 112604 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36057

The results presented in this paper were obtained from a 105 000 frame exposure of the FNAL Hybrid Proportional Wire Chamber-30 inch Bubble Chamber System, in a tagged beam of 147 GeV/ c negative particles. Elastic, total and topological cross sections were obtained for both π − p and K − p interactions. Comparisons with other data, taken with various beam particles over large momentum intervals, show good agreement with KNO scaling, and similarity in the scaling behavior of σ n for the different beam particles.

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The Exclusive Channel pi- pi- pi+ p in pi- p Interactions at 147-GeV/c.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 34 (1976) 659-671, 1976.
Inspire Record 112629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37618

The results of a study of the reaction π-p→π-π-π+p at2 147 GeV/c carried out at the Fermilab Proportional Wire 30″ Bubble Chamber Hybrid Spectrometer are reported. More than 92% of the cross-section ((670±41) μb) for this reaction is contained in those for proton and pion diffraction dissociation. The cross-sections for pion diffraction events with three-pion invariant mass in given regions are in agreement with values obtained by extrapolation of fits to data at lower incidentpion momenta. ρ0π- events make an important contribution in the A1 and A2 mass regions, and the data are consistent with contributions from f0π- in the A3 mass region. The cross-section for proton diffraction events is in agreement with a smooth extrapolation of the data at lower momentum.

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Measurement of the light anti-quark flavor asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Hawker, E.A. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 80 (1998) 3715-3718, 1998.
Inspire Record 468098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42153

A precise measurement of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on hydrogen and deuterium targets is reported. Over 140,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs with dimuon mass M_{mu+ mu-} >= 4.5 GeV/c^2 were recorded. From these data, the ratio of anti-down (dbar) to anti-up (ubar) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-x. A strong x dependence is observed in the ratio dbar/ubar, showing substantial enhancement of dbar with respect to ubar for x<0.2. This result is in fair agreement with recent parton distribution parameterizations of the sea. For x>0.2, the observed dbar/ubar ratio is much nearer unity than given by the parameterizations.

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Improved measurement of the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Towell, R.S. ; McGaughey, P.L. ; Awes, T.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 052002, 2001.
Inspire Record 554316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22184

Measurements of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 \rm{GeV/c} proton beam incident on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets are reported. Approximately 360,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs remained after all cuts on the data. From these data, the ratio of anti-down ($\bar{d}$) to anti-up ($\bar{u}$) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-$x$. These results confirm previous measurements by E866 and extend them to lower $x$. From these data, $(\bar{d}-\bar{u})$ and $\int(\bar{d}-\bar{u})dx$ are evaluated for $0.015&lt;x&lt;0.35$. These results are compared with parameterizations of various parton distribution functions, models and experimental results from NA51, NMC, and HERMES.

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Observation of polarization in bottomonium production at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

The NuSea collaboration Brown, C.N. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 2529-2532, 2001.
Inspire Record 536629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19423

We present a measurement of the polarization observed for bottomonium states produced in p-Cu collisions at sqrt(s)=38.8 GeV. The angular distribution of the decay dimuons of the Upsilon(1S) state show no polarization at small xF and pT but significant positive transverse production polarization for either pT > 1.8 GeV/c or for xF > 0.35. The Upsilon(2S+3S) unresolved states show a large transverse production polarization at all values of xF and pT measured. These observations are compared with an NRQCD calculation that predicts a transverse polarization in bottomonium production arising from quark-antiquark fusion and gluon-gluon fusion diagrams.

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Inclusive and Semiinclusive rho0 Production in pi- p Interactions at 147-GeV/c.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 60 (1975) 124-128, 1975.
Inspire Record 102526 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27734

We present data on inclusive and semi-inclusive ϱ 0 production in 147 GeV/ c π − p interactions. We find a total cross section of 7.3 ± 1.3 mb. Most of this cross section is found in the lower topology events (⩽ 10 prongs), and in the central and forward rapidity regions. The P T 2 dependence of ϱ 0 production, 〈: n > ϱ 0 per event, and the ϱ 0 / π + ratios are also discussed.

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Topological and Leading Particle Cross-Sections for 147-GeV/c pi- p Interactions.

Fong, D.G. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 53 (1974) 290-296, 1974.
Inspire Record 93415 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27916

Results are reported based on a study of π − p interactions at 147 GeV/ c in the FERMILAB 30-inch Proportional Wire Hybrid Bubble Chamber System. We have measured the topological cross sections and separated two-prong elastic and inelastic channels. In addition, we have extracted leading particle cross sections using the increased momentum resolution of the downstream proportional wire chambers. We have compared our results with experiments and predictions of a simple fragmentation hyphothesis.

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Measurement of Inclusive Jet and Dijet Cross Sections in Proton-Proton Collisions at 7 TeV Centre-of-Mass Energy with the ATLAS Detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, G. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdallah, J. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 71 (2011) 1512, 2011.
Inspire Record 871366 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56004

Jet cross sections have been measured for the first time in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV using the ATLAS detector. The measurement uses an integrated luminosity of 17 nb-1 recorded at the Large Hadron Collider. The anti-kt algorithm is used to identify jets, with two jet resolution parameters, R = 0.4 and 0.6. The dominant uncertainty comes from the jet energy scale, which is determined to within 7% for central jets above 60 GeV transverse momentum. Inclusive single-jet differential cross sections are presented as functions of jet transverse momentum and rapidity. Dijet cross sections are presented as functions of dijet mass and the angular variable $\chi$. The results are compared to expectations based on next-to-leading-order QCD, which agree with the data, providing a validation of the theory in a new kinematic regime.

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Measurement of the $W \to \ell\nu$ and $Z/\gamma^* \to \ell\ell$ Production Cross Sections in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the ATLAS Detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, G. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdallah, J. ; et al.
JHEP 12 (2010) 060, 2010.
Inspire Record 872570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56744

First measurements of the W -> lnu and Z/gamma* -> ll (l = e, mu) production cross sections in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV are presented using data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. The results are based on 2250 W -> lnu and 179 Z/gamma* -> ll candidate events selected from a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 320 nb-1. The measured total W and Z/gamma*-boson production cross sections times the respective leptonic branching ratios for the combined electron and muon channels are $\stotW$ * BR(W -> lnu) = 9.96 +- 0.23(stat) +- 0.50(syst) +- 1.10(lumi) nb and $\stotZg$ * BR(Z/gamma* -> ll) = 0.82 +- 0.06(stat) +- 0.05(syst) +- 0.09(lumi) nb (within the invariant mass window 66 < m_ll < 116 GeV). The W/Z cross-section ratio is measured to be 11.7 +- 0.9(stat) +- 0.4(syst). In addition, measurements of the W+ and W- production cross sections and of the lepton charge asymmetry are reported. Theoretical predictions based on NNLO QCD calculations are found to agree with the measurements.

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Search for Quark Contact Interactions in Dijet Angular Distributions in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV Measured with the ATLAS Detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, G. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdallah, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 694 (2011) 327-345, 2011.
Inspire Record 871487 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57022

Dijet angular distributions from the first LHC pp collisions at center-of-mass energy sqrt(s) = 7 TeV have been measured with the ATLAS detector. The dataset used for this analysis represents an integrated luminosity of 3.1 pb-1. Dijet $\chi$ distributions and centrality ratios have been measured up to dijet masses of 2.8 TeV, and found to be in good agreement with Standard Model predictions. Analysis of the $\chi$ distributions excludes quark contact interactions with a compositeness scale $\Lambda$ below 3.4 TeV, at 95% confidence level, significantly exceeding previous limits.

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Average Charged Particle Multiplicities in $\pi^- P$ Inclusive Reactions at 147-{GeV}/$c$

Brick, D. ; Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 743, 1979.
Inspire Record 140350 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4430

The experimentally determined average charged-particle multiplicities, 〈nX〉, of the systems, X, produced in the following reactions for 147 GeV/c incident pion momentum are presented as functions of the square of the invariant mass of X, MX2, and of |t|:π−p→πfast−X, π−p→pX, π−p→Δ++X, π−p→(π−π+)ρ0X, and π−p→Λ0X. Details of the analysis are discussed. These data can be fit by the expression 〈nX〉=A+B ln MX2+C|t| and the coefficients obtained for B are equal within their uncertainties. C is significantly different from zero only for π−p→πfast−X. These results and 〈nX〉 data from other inclusive and total-inelastic-reaction studies are discussed in terms of a simple model which assumes contributions to 〈nX〉 from the target-fragmentation, the central, and the beam-fragmentation regions in the case of total-inelastic reactions. For inclusive reactions, either the beam or target fragmentation is replaced by an exchange-particle-fragmentation contribution. The s, t, and MX2 dependence of the parameters of the model are deduced from triple-Regge considerations. The data are found to be consistent with the model and values are presented for the parameters.

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NEUTRAL PARTICLE PRODUCTION IN PI P INTERACTIONS AT 147-GeV/c AND COMPARISON TO CHARGED PARTICLE PRODUCTION

Brick, D. ; Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 20 (1979) 2123-2134, 1979.
Inspire Record 147455 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4386

The production of KS, Λ, Λ¯, and γ in π−p collisions at 147 GeV/c is analyzed. Cross sections, rapidity, Feynman-x, and pT2 distributions are presented and compared to charged-particle production. The energy dependence of multiplicities in π−p and pp collisions is shown. A new scaling form for the correlation of neutral- and charged-particle multiplicities is presented for compilations of πp and pp data.

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Measurement of dijet azimuthal decorrelations at central rapidities in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 221801, 2005.
Inspire Record 659398 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19397

Correlations in the azimuthal angle between the two largest transverse momentum jets have been measured using the D0 detector in pp-bar collisions at a center-of-mass energy sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV. The analysis is based on an inclusive dijet event sample in the central rapidity region corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 150 pb-1. Azimuthal correlations are stronger at larger transverse momenta. These are well-described in perturbative QCD at next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant, except at large azimuthal differences where soft effects are significant.

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$t \bar{t}$ production cross-section in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.8-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 67 (2003) 012004, 2003.
Inspire Record 586609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54899

Results are presented on a measurement of the ttbar pair production cross section in ppbar collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV from nine independent decay channels. The data were collected by the Dzero experiment during the 1992-1996 run of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. A total of 80 candidate events are observed with an expected background of 38.8 +- 3.3 events. For a top quark mass of 172.1 GeV/c^2, the measured cross section is 5.69 +- 1.21 (stat) +- 1.04 (sys) pb.

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Search for First Generation Scalar and Vector Leptoquarks

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 092004, 2001.
Inspire Record 557085 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42922

We describe a search for the pair production of first-generation scalar and vector leptoquarks in the eejj and enujj channels by the D0 Collaboration. The data are from the 1992--1996 ppbar run at sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We find no evidence for leptoquark production; in addition, no kinematically interesting events are observed using relaxed selection criteria. The results from the eejj and enujj channels are combined with those from a previous D0 analysis of the nunujj channel to obtain 95% confidence level (C.L.) upper limits on the leptoquark pair-production cross section as a function of mass and of beta, the branching fraction to a charged lepton. These limits are compared to next-to-leading-order theory to set 95% C.L. lower limits on the mass of a first-generation scalar leptoquark of 225, 204, and 79 GeV/c^2 for beta=1, 1/2, and 0, respectively. For vector leptoquarks with gauge (Yang-Mills) couplings, 95% C.L. lower limits of 345, 337, and 206 GeV/c^2 are set on the mass for beta=1, 1/2, and 0, respectively. Mass limits for vector leptoquarks are also set for anomalous vector couplings.

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High-$p_T$ jets in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 630$ GeV and 1800 GeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 032003, 2001.
Inspire Record 539003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42946

Results are presented from analyses of jet data produced in pbarp collisions at sqrt{s} = 630 and 1800 GeV collected with the DO detector during the 1994-95 Fermilab Tevatron Collider run. We discuss details of detector calibration, and jet selection criteria in measurements of various jet production cross sections at sqrt{s} = 630 and 1800 GeV. The inclusive jet cross sections, the dijet mass spectrum, the dijet angular distributions, and the ratio of inclusive jet cross sections at sqrt{s} = 630 and 1800 GeV are compared to next-to-leading-order QCD predictions. The order alpha_s^3 calculations are in good agreement with the data. We also use the data at sqrt{s} = 1800 GeV to rule out models of quark compositeness with a contact interaction scale less than 2.2 TeV at the 95% confidence level.

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The Ratio of the Isolated Photon Cross Sections at $\sqrt{s} = 630$ GeV and 1800 GeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 251805, 2001.
Inspire Record 557816 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54883

The inclusive cross section for production of isolated photons has been measured in \pbarp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 630$ GeV with the \D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The photons span a transverse energy ($E_T$) range from 7-49 GeV and have pseudorapidity $|\eta| < 2.5$. This measurement is combined with to previous \D0 result at $\sqrt{s} = 1800$ GeV to form a ratio of the cross sections. Comparison of next-to-leading order QCD with the measured cross section at 630 GeV and ratio of cross sections show satisfactory agreement in most of the $E_T$ range.

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Measurement of $\omega$ Meson Photoproduction on Protons From 46 GeV to 180 GeV

Egloff, R.M. ; Davis, P.J. ; Luste, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 43 (1979) 1545, 1979.
Inspire Record 142364 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3122

Elastic ω-meson photoproduction on protons has been measured from 46 to 180 GeV. The cross section is approximately constant with photon energy and averages 1.10 ± 0.08 μb. The t dependence of the differential cross section is consistent with A exp(bt), where b=8.4±0.7 GeV−2. The photon-omega coupling constant, obtained from a normalization of hadron elastic-scattering cross sections to the photoproduction data of this experiment (with use of vector-meson dominance and an additive quark model), is γω24π=5.4±0.4.

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Multiplicity of Charged Particles in 800-{GeV} $p p$ Interactions

The LEBC-MPS collaboration Ammar, R. ; Aziz, T. ; Banerjee, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 178 (1986) 124-128, 1986.
Inspire Record 231133 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6558

Results are reported concerning the charged-particle multiplicity distribution obtained in an exposure of the high-resolution hydrogen bubble chamber LEBC to a beam of 800 GeV protons at the Fermilab MPS. This is the first time that such data have been available at this energy. The distribution of the number n ch of charged particles produced in inelastic interactions obeys KNO-scaling. The average multiplicity is 〈 n ch 〉 = 10.26±0.15. For n ch ⩾8 the data can be well fitted to a negative binomial. The difference between the overall experimental multiplicity distribution and that resulting from the latter fit is in agreement with the contribution expected from diffractive processes.

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