Production of Jets and Single Particles at High p(T) in 200-GeV Hadron Beryllium Collisions

Bromberg, C. ; Fox, G. ; Gomez, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 134 (1978) 189-241, 1978.
Inspire Record 5774 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35152

We present results from an experiment studying the production of single particles and jets (groups of particles) with high p ⊥ (transverse momentum) in 200 GeV/ c interactions on a beryllium target. We give a detailed discussion of the ambiguities in the jet definition. The jet and single-particle cross sections have a similar shape but the jet cross section is over two orders of magnitude larger. The events show evidence for the coplanar structure suggested by constituent models, and the momentum distributions of charged particles give strong support to a simple quark-quark scattering model.

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STUDY OF A2 PRODUCTION IN THE REACTION PI- P ---> K0 K- P AT 50-GEV/C, 100-GEV/C, AND 175-GEV/C

Bromberg, C. ; Dickey, J.o. ; Fox, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 27 (1983) 1-11, 1983.
Inspire Record 191493 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23901

The reaction π−p→K0K−p has been measured from 50 to 175 GeV/c. The production characteristics of the A2 have been analyzed. We find spin and t dependence similar to lower energies, but the cross section falls rapidly with energy. In a Regge description of π−p→A2−p our data imply a rather small Pomeron-exchange component.

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STUDY OF K*- (890) AND K*- (1430) PRODUCTION IN THE REACTION K- P ---> ANTI-K0 PI- P AT 100-GEV/C AND 175-GEV/C

Bromberg, C. ; Dickey, J. ; Fox, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 29 (1984) 2469-2475, 1984.
Inspire Record 205297 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23731

The reaction K−p→K¯0π−p has been studied at 100 and 175 GeV/c and the reaction π−p→K0K−p at 50, 100, and 175 GeV/c. Both reactions are dominated by production of resonances, K*(890), K*(1430) and A2(1320), A2(2040), respectively. Production cross sections, t distributions, and decay-angular distributions are studied. Isoscalar natural-parity exchange is dominant. The energy dependence of the K* and A2 resonance production between 10 and 175 GeV/c is well described by a Regge-pole model. Our data on A2 corrects that in an earlier paper.

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Highlights of the Reaction $\pi^- p \to \pi^- \pi^+ n$ at 100-{GeV}/$c$ and 175-{GeV}/$c$

Bromberg, C. ; Dickey, J.O. ; Fox, G.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 29 (1984) 588, 1984.
Inspire Record 13822 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33875

We present a summary of the physics results from an experimental study of the reaction π−p→π−π+n at 100 and 175 GeV/c incident-beam momentum. Our data show the continuing dominance of one-pion exchange in these reactions with the characteristic 1Plab2 momentum dependence. We extract the pion Regge trajectory from our data on π−p→ρ0n and study the zero structure of the ππ differential cross section up to sππ=12 GeV2.

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Experimental Tests of Quantum Chromodynamics in High $p_T$ Jet Production in 200-{GeV}/$c$ Hadron - Proton Collisions

Bromberg, C. ; Fox, G. ; Gomez, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 43 (1979) 565, 1979.
Inspire Record 141467 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52007

Data on inclusive jet production in the transverse-momentum (p⊥) range 0-8 GeV/c for 200-GeV/c p, π−, π+, K−, K+, and p¯ incident on a hydrogen target are presented. The jet cross section is fully corrected for losses and biases, and compared with the predictions of a model based on quantum chromodynamics. Both the absolute cross section and the inclusive charged-particle distributions inside and outside the jet are in qualitative agreement with the model.

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The Production of J/psi and Associated Particles in the Collision of 530-GeV/c Protons and Pions with Nuclear Targets

De, K. ; Crittenden, R. ; Dzierba, A. ; et al.
(1989) 467-472, 1989.
Inspire Record 280605 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22998
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Study of the coherent reaction k+ d ---> k0 pi+ d at 2 gev/c

Firestone, A. ; Hiscock, W. ; Proudfoot, L. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 52 (1973) 403-413, 1973.
Inspire Record 84258 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32649

We have made a study of the coherent reaction K + d → K 0 π + d at 2 GeV/ c , using data obtained in the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory 25 inch bubble chamber. The cross section for this reaction is 324 ± 25 μ b, after correction for invisible K 0 decays. This reaction is dominated primarily by vector exchange. We determine the parameters of the ω trajectory to be α ω = (0.33 ± 0.04) + t .

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p p Interactions at 300-GeV/c: Gamma and Neutral Strange Particle Production

Sheng, A. ; Davidson, V. ; Firestone, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 11 (1975) 1733, 1975.
Inspire Record 90998 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24935

In a 35 000-picture exposure of the Fermilab 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber to a 300-GeV/c proton beam 1863 neutral V0's were measured. The inclusive cross sections for γ, Ks0, Λ0Σ0, and Λ¯0Σ¯0 are 257 ± 18 mb, 7.3 ± 0.6 mb, 3.6 ± 0.4 mb, and 1.0 ± 0.3 mb, respectively. The correlation with charged particles and other inclusive features are studied.

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$pp$ Interactions at 300-GeV/c: Measurement of the Charged Multiplicity, Total and Elastic Cross-Sections

Firestone, A. ; Davidson, V. ; Lam, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 10 (1974) 2080, 1974.
Inspire Record 1242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25012

In a 35 000-picture exposure of the 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber to a 300-GeV/c proton beam at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, 10054 interactions have been observed. The measured total cross section is $40.68 \pm 0.55$ mb, the elastic cross section is $7.89 \pm 0.52$ mb, and the average charged-particle multiplicity for inelastic events is $8.S0 \pm 0.12$.

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Properties of J / psi production in pi- Be and p Be collisions at 530-GeV/c

The E672/706 collaboration Abramov, V. ; Antipov, Yu. ; Baldin, B. ; et al.
1991.
Inspire Record 315071 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42566
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Measurement of $\omega$ Meson Photoproduction on Protons From 46 GeV to 180 GeV

Egloff, R.M. ; Davis, P.J. ; Luste, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 43 (1979) 1545, 1979.
Inspire Record 142364 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3122

Elastic ω-meson photoproduction on protons has been measured from 46 to 180 GeV. The cross section is approximately constant with photon energy and averages 1.10 ± 0.08 μb. The t dependence of the differential cross section is consistent with A exp(bt), where b=8.4±0.7 GeV−2. The photon-omega coupling constant, obtained from a normalization of hadron elastic-scattering cross sections to the photoproduction data of this experiment (with use of vector-meson dominance and an additive quark model), is γω24π=5.4±0.4.

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Multiplicity of Charged Particles in 800-{GeV} $p p$ Interactions

The LEBC-MPS collaboration Ammar, R. ; Aziz, T. ; Banerjee, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 178 (1986) 124-128, 1986.
Inspire Record 231133 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6558

Results are reported concerning the charged-particle multiplicity distribution obtained in an exposure of the high-resolution hydrogen bubble chamber LEBC to a beam of 800 GeV protons at the Fermilab MPS. This is the first time that such data have been available at this energy. The distribution of the number n ch of charged particles produced in inelastic interactions obeys KNO-scaling. The average multiplicity is 〈 n ch 〉 = 10.26±0.15. For n ch ⩾8 the data can be well fitted to a negative binomial. The difference between the overall experimental multiplicity distribution and that resulting from the latter fit is in agreement with the contribution expected from diffractive processes.

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High Transverse Momentum Hadron Hadron Correlations in $\sqrt{s}=38$.8-{GeV} Proton Proton Interactions

Jaffe, D.E. ; Straub, P.B. ; Adams, M.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 1016-1019, 1988.
Inspire Record 268868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23278

Measurements of correlations of nearly back-to-back hadrons produced at a large transverse momentum in s=38.8 GeV proton-proton collisions are presented and compared to previous results with a beryllium target. The correlations of identified unlike-sign hadron pairs in ratio to the correlation for all unlike-sign pairs are compared with predictions of the Lund model. These predictions differ from the data.

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Multiparticle Production by 200-GeV/c Hadrons on Gold, Silver, and Magnesium Targets

Brick, D.H. ; Widgoff, M. ; Beilliere, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 2484-2493, 1989.
Inspire Record 282254 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23227

We have used the Fermilab 30-in. bubble-chamber hybrid spectrometer to study multiparticle production in the interactions of 200-GeV/c protons and π+ and K+ mesons with nuclei of gold, silver, and magnesium. We find that the multiplicities of produced particles and negative particles increase linearly with the number of projectile collisions, with no beam or target dependence. The number of secondary collisions in the nucleus increases significantly less rapidly with the number of projectile collisions than has been reported by a streamer chamber experiment. The properties of secondary collisions suggest that they arise from rescattering of recoil nucleons rather than intranuclear cascade of produced particles. Dispersions of multiplicity distributions at fixed impact parameter are in better agreement with a model of independent sources than with Koba-Nielsen-Olesen scaling.

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DIFFRACTIVE PRODUCTION OF pi- pi- pi+ IN 200-GeV/c pi- N INTERACTIONS

Joyner, R.W. ; Chang, C.C. ; Davis, T.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 1865, 1989.
Inspire Record 22768 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23242

This paper analyzes π−N→π−π−π+N events from Fermilab experiment E-580, using 200-GeV/c particles on a segmented target of plastic scintillator. Starting with 48 657 triggers, data-quality cuts and a cut on missing mass squared of M2<16 GeV2 lead to a final sample of 7205 events. The xF distribution of the 3π system shows almost all events in a sharp peak at xF=1, suggesting the presence of beam diffraction into three pions. The overall t’ distribution is fit to the sum of three exponential terms corresponding to coherent diffraction from carbon nuclei, diffraction from individual nucleons, and background. Cross sections per nucleon and exponential slopes are reported for each of the three components as a function of 3π effective mass. The cross section for diffraction from the nucleons in the target is 0.34±0.04 mb/nucleon. The cross section for coherent diffraction from carbon is 1.08±0.12 mb/nucleus. The exponential slope for diffraction is observed to decrease with increasing 3π effective mass. The fraction of coherent carbon diffraction in the total cross section is observed to decrease with increasing 3π effective mass. In the π−π+ effective-mass spectrum the ρ0(770) and f0(1270) are observed and their cross sections per nucleon are calculated. In the π−π−π+ effective-mass spectrum the A1−/A2− and A3− enhancements are observed and a cross section for the A3− is calculated.

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High mass dimuon production in $\bar{p} n$ and $\pi^- n$ interactions at 125-GeV/c

Anassontzis, E. ; Katsanevas, S. ; Kiritsis, E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 1377, 1988.
Inspire Record 253413 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23243

We have studied muon pairs with an invariant mass between 4 and 9 GeV/c2 produced in p¯N and π−N interactions at an incident momentum of 125 GeV/c. The experiment was performed at Fermilab using a tungsten target and a special beam enriched to contain 18% antiprotons. We compare differential distributions as functions of the dimuon invariant mass, Feynman x, transverse momentum, and decay angles of the dimuon to the predictions of the Drell-Yan model including QCD corrections. Quark structure functions for the p¯ and π− are extracted. Comparisons of the antiproton data to the Drell-Yan model are significant because the cross sections depend principally on the valence-quark structure functions which are accurately determined by deep-inelastic scattering measurements. The measured absolute cross section (integrated over positive Feynman x and all transverse momenta) is 0.106±0.005±0.008 nb/nucleon for the p¯N interaction and 0.107±0.003±0.009 nb/nucleon for the π−N interaction, where the quoted errors are statistical and systematic, respectively. Normalization (K) factors that are required to bring the naive Drell-Yan and first-order QCD predictions into agreement with the measurements are extracted, and the uncertainties involved in such comparisons are examined.

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Total cross-section measurements with pi-, Sigma- and protons on nuclei and nucleons around 600-GeV/c

The SELEX collaboration Dersch, U. ; Akchurin, N. ; Andreev, V.A. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 579 (2000) 277-312, 2000.
Inspire Record 509036 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24823

Total cross sections for Sigma- and pi- on beryllium, carbon, polyethylene and copper as well as total cross sections for protons on beryllium and carbon have been measured in a broad momentum range around 600GeV/c. These measurements were performed with a transmission technique adapted to the SELEX hyperon-beam experiment at Fermilab. We report on results obtained for hadron-nucleus cross sections and on results for sigma_tot(Sigma- N) and sigma_tot(pi- N), which were deduced from nuclear cross sections.

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Precision measurements of anti-proton proton forward elastic scattering parameters in the 3.7-GeV/c to 6.2-GeV/c region

The E760 collaboration Armstrong, T.A. ; Bettoni, D. ; Bharadwaj, V. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 385 (1996) 479-486, 1996.
Inspire Record 431921 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28348

Differential cross sections for p p elastic scattering have been measured for very small momentum transfers at six different incident antiproton momenta in the range 3.7 to 6.2 GeV/c by the detection of recoil protons at scattering angles close to 90°. Forward scattering parameters σ T , b , and ϱ have been determined. For the ϱ-parameter, up to an order of magnitude higher level of precision has been achieved compared to that in earlier experiments. It is found that existing dispersion theory predictions are in disagreement with our results for the ϱ-parameter.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in k+ p elastic scattering at 1.60, 1.80, 2.11 and 2.31 gev/c

Barnett, B.A. ; Laasanen, A.T. ; Steinberg, P.H. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 34 (1971) 655-658, 1971.
Inspire Record 69281 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28513

The polarization parameter for K + p elastic scattering has been measured at 1.60, 1.80, 2.11 and 3.31 GeV/ c incident momenta over the entire angular range with an emphasis on the backward region. The results in the extreme backward region appear to be small and consistent with zero.

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A Precise measurement of the weak mixing angle in neutrino nucleon scattering

The CCFR collaboration Arroyo, C. ; King, B.J. ; Bachmann, K.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 3452-3455, 1994.
Inspire Record 360411 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37276

We report a precise measurement of the weak mixing angle from the ratio of neutral current to charged current inclusive cross-sections in deep-inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering. The data were gathered at the CCFR neutrino detector in the Fermilab quadrupole-triplet neutrino beam, with neutrino energies up to 600 GeV. Using the on-shell definition, ${\rm sin ~2\theta_W} \equiv 1 - \frac{{\rm M_W} ~2}{{\rm M_Z} ~2}$, we obtain ${\rm sin ~2\theta_W} = 0.2218 \pm 0.0025 ({\rm stat.}) \pm 0.0036 ({\rm exp.\: syst.}) \pm 0.0040 ({\rm model})$.

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Measurement of the Dijet Cross-Section in 400-GeV p p Collisions

The E-609 collaboration Arenton, M.W. ; Ditzler, W.R. ; Fields, T.H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 53 (1984) 1988, 1984.
Inspire Record 15116 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23566

The invariant cross section for production of jet pairs in 400-GeV/c pp interactions has been measured as a function of pT in the pT range 4 to 9 GeV/c. The results are in good agreement with predictions of perturbative QCD models.

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Inclusive Strange Particle Production in Single Vee Events in 200-GeV/c pi- n Interactions

Mikocki, S. ; Ficenec, J.R. ; Torres, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 34 (1986) 42, 1986.
Inspire Record 218617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23427

For the reaction π−N→V0X, where V0 is a Ks0, Λ, and Λ¯ and X are charged particles, we measured the transverse- and longitudinal-momentum distributions, and inclusive cross sections for the V0 and for K*±(892), Σ±(1385), and Ξ±(1321). We compare our results with predictions of quark-counting rules, and conclude that valence quarks play an important role in strange-particle production.

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Inclusive Hadronic Production Cross-Sections Measured in Proton - Nucleus Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 27.4-GeV

Crittenden, J.A. ; Hsiung, Y.B. ; Kaplan, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 34 (1986) 2584, 1986.
Inspire Record 231109 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23462

We present results on the production of hadrons in collisions of 400-GeV/c protons with beryllium, copper, and tungsten nuclei. The data cover the region from 5.6 to 8.0 GeV/c in the transverse momentum of the final-state hadron and from 73° to 102° in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum frame production angle theta*. The restriction of the data to values of xT (xT=2pT/ √s ) greater than 0.4 enriches the sample with hard collisions of valence quarks. Asymmetries about theta*=90° reflect the presence of neutrons in the target nuclei. The variation of the atomic-weight dependence parameter α with production angle is discussed in the context of the phenomenology of nucleonic structure within nuclei. We also extrapolate our measurements to a ‘‘deuteron’’ target to minimize nuclear effects and compare the result to QCD calculations.

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Measurement of kinematic and nuclear dependence of R = sigma-L / sigma-t in deep inelastic electron scattering

Dasu, S. ; deBarbaro, P. ; Bodek, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 49 (1994) 5641-5670, 1994.
Inspire Record 360765 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22468

We report results on a precision measurement of the ratio R=σLσT in deep inelastic electron-nucleon scattering in the kinematic range 0.2≤x≤0.5 and 1≤Q2≤10 (GeV/c)2. Our results show, for the first time, a clear falloff of R with increasing Q2. Our R results are in agreement with QCD predictions only when corrections for target mass effects and some additional higher twist effects are included. At small x, the data on R favor structure functions with a large gluon contribution. We also report results on the differences RA−RD and the cross section ratio σAσD between Fe and Au nuclei and the deuteron. Our results for RA−RD are consistent with zero for all x, Q2 indicating that possible contributions to R from nuclear higher twist effects and spin-0 constituents in nuclei are not different from those in nucleons. The ratios σAσD from all recent experiments, at all x, Q2 values, are now in agreement.

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Measurements of the proton elastic form-factors for 1-GeV/c**2 <= Q**2 <= 3-GeV/C**2 at SLAC

Walker, R.C. ; Filippone, B. ; Jourdan, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 49 (1994) 5671-5689, 1994.
Inspire Record 360764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22469

We report measurements of the proton form factors GEp and GMp extracted from elastic scattering in the range 1≤Q2≤3 (GeV/c)2 with total uncertainties < 15% in GEp and < 3% in GMp. Comparisons are made to theoretical models, including those based on perturbative QCD, vector-meson dominance, QCD sum rules, and diquark constituents in the proton. The results for GEp are somewhat larger than indicated by most theoretical parametrizations, and the ratios of the Pauli and Dirac form factors Q2(F2pF1p) are lower in value and demonstrate a weaker Q2 dependence than those predictions. A global extraction of the elastic form factors from several experiments in the range 0.1 0.1<Q2<10 (GeV/c)2 is also presented.

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