Search for Charmed Mesons Produced in Hadronic Interactions

Ginther, G. ; Edelstein, R.M. ; Forsyth, C.P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 35 (1987) 1541-1552, 1987.
Inspire Record 252546 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23386

The hadronic production of charmed states was studied in a two-arm spectrometer using a 205-GeV/c negative-pion beam incident upon a beryllium target. One arm, filled with dense absorber, triggered the detectors upon the passage of a muon with a moderate transverse momentum and a total momentum of at least 4 GeV/c. The other arm was an open-geometry magnetic spectrometer which had both neutral- and charged-particle identification capabilities. The apparatus, the data, and an invariant-mass-plot search for evidence of charmed-meson production through several charged-particle decay modes are described. The Kπ, Kππ, and Kπππ mass plots fail to reveal significant D-meson signals. Based upon the Kπ mass plots, the 95%-confidence upper limit on the DD¯ production cross section is found to be less than 51 μb per nucleon for the production models tested. A search for evidence of charged-D* production yields 30±16 combinations above background in association with the expected trigger muon charge. Interpreted as a D* signal, this excess corresponds to a model-dependent inclusive DD¯ production cross section of 34±18−9+14 μb per nucleon. Model-dependent upper limits on the ratio of the F to D cross sections are also presented.

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INCLUSIVE CHARGED D* PRODUCTION IN 205-GEV/C PI- BE INTERACTIONS

Mooney, P. ; Sarmiento, M. ; Bishop, J.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 2494-2498, 1989.
Inspire Record 282266 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23225

The inclusive cross section for charged-D* production by 205-GeV/c π− mesons incident on a beryllium target was measured with a two-arm spectrometer triggered by prompt muons. Using the mass-difference technique often employed in D* studies, a signal of 31±11 charged D*’s was isolated; it includes contributions from both the D*+ and D*− charged modes in correlation with triggering muons of the proper charge. This corresponds to an inclusive charged-D* production cross section of 220±77−57+77 μb per Be nucleus or 24±9−6+9 μb per nucleon when the cross section is scaled linearly with atomic mass number. The first error is statistical and the second is systematic.

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Inclusive neutral D production in 205-GeV/c pi- Be interactions

Sarmiento, M. ; Mooney, P. ; Bishop, J.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 45 (1992) 2244-2248, 1992.
Inspire Record 326594 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22811

Hadronic charm production was investigated with a two-arm magnetic spectrometer. The experiment was triggered on muons from the semileptonic decay of charm particles in one arm while reconstructing the mass of the associatively produced partners in the other arm. An excess of 153±46 combinations above background for the neutral D→Kπ mode was observed. This corresponds to a model-dependent DD¯ production cross section of 41±12+15−11 μb per nucleon, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.

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DIFFRACTION AND RESONANCE PRODUCTION IN EXCLUSIVE ANTI-P P INTERACTIONS AT 100-GEV/C.

Bust, C.P. ; Carter, J.R. ; Neale, W.W ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 140 (1978) 409-422, 1978.
Inspire Record 132548 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34985

We have investigated the reactions p p π + π − a ̊ and p p a ̊ p p 2π + 2π − at 100 GeV /c . The p p π + π − final state is dominated by diffractive production of a p π + π − ( or p π + π − ) system which shows a strong tendency to form Δ ++ π − ( or Δ ++ π + ) . The process p p a ̊ Δ ++ Δ ++ is also observed in this reaction, indicating an energy dependence of s −1.5±0.1 . The p p 2π + 2π − channel shows less single diffraction, and has a doubly diffractive component consistent with pomeron factorization. Strong Δ ++ ( Δ ++ ) production is agoain seen, but in contrast to the p p π + π − channel we also observe considerable ϱ 0 production.

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Model-independent measurement of the $W$ boson helicity in top quark decays at D0

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 062004, 2008.
Inspire Record 767094 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47072

We present the first model-independent measurement of the helicity of $W$ bosons produced in top quark decays, based on a 1 fb$^{-1}$ sample of candidate $t\bar{t}$ events in the dilepton and lepton plus jets channels collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ Collider. We reconstruct the angle $\theta^*$ between the momenta of the down-type fermion and the top quark in the $W$ boson rest frame for each top quark decay. A fit of the resulting \costheta distribution finds that the fraction of longitudinal $W$ bosons $f_0 = 0.425 \pm 0.166 \hbox{(stat.)} \pm 0.102 \hbox{(syst.)}$ and the fraction of right-handed $W$ bosons $f_+ = 0.119 \pm 0.090 \hbox{(stat.)} \pm 0.053 \hbox{(syst.)}$, which is consistent at the 30% C.L. with the standard model.

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Observation of $WZ$ Production

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, Anthony Allen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 161801, 2007.
Inspire Record 744786 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42741

We report the first observation of the associated production of a W boson and a Z boson. This result is based on 1.1 fb-1 of integrated luminosity from ppbar collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We observe 16 WZ candidates passing our event selection with an expected background of 2.7 +/- 0.4 events. A fit to the missing transverse energy distribution indicates an excess of events compared to the background expectation corresponding to a significance equivalent to six standard deviations. The measured cross section is sigma(ppbar -> WZ) = 5.0^{+1.8}_{-1.6} pb, consistent with the standard model expectation.

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Polarization of $J/\psi$ and $\psi_{2S}$ Mesons Produced in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 132001, 2007.
Inspire Record 747876 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42742

We have measured the polarizations of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons as functions of their transverse momentum pT when they are produced promptly in the rapidity range |y|<0.6 with pT≥5  GeV/c. The analysis is performed using a data sample with an integrated luminosity of about 800  pb−1 collected by the CDF II detector. For both vector mesons, we find that the polarizations become increasingly longitudinal as pT increases from 5 to 30  GeV/c. These results are compared to the predictions of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics and other contemporary models. The effective polarizations of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons from B-hadron decays are also reported.

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Measurement of the Shape of the Boson Rapidity Distribution for $p \bar{p} \to Z / \gamma^* \to e^{+} e^{-} + X$ Events Produced at $\sqrt{s}$ of 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, Maris A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 76 (2007) 012003, 2007.
Inspire Record 744624 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42743

We present a measurement of the shape of the boson rapidity distribution for $p\bar{p}\to Z / \gamma^* \to e^+e^- + X$ events at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The measurement is made for events with electron-positron mass 71 < M_ee < 111 GeV and uses 0.4 $fb^{-1}$ of data collected at the Fermilab Tevatron collider with the D0 detector. This measurement significantly reduces the uncertainties on the rapidity distribution in the forward region compared with previous measurements. Predictions of NNLO QCD are found to agree well with the data over the full rapidity range.

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Observation of Exclusive Electron-Positron Production in Hadron-Hadron Collisions

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 112001, 2007.
Inspire Record 732591 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42744

We present the first observation of exclusive $e^+e^-$ production in hadron-hadron collisions, using $p\bar{p}$ collision data at \mbox{$\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV} taken by the Run II Collider Detector at Fermilab, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of \mbox{532 pb$^{-1}$}. We require the absence of any particle signatures in the detector except for an electron and a positron candidate, each with transverse energy {$E_T>5$ GeV} and pseudorapidity {$|\eta|<2$}. With these criteria, 16 events are observed compared to a background expectation of {$1.9\pm0.3$} events. These events are consistent in cross section and properties with the QED process \mbox{$p\bar{p} \to p + e^+e^- + \bar{p}$} through two-photon exchange. The measured cross section is \mbox{$1.6^{+0.5}_{-0.3}\mathrm{(stat)}\pm0.3\mathrm{(syst)}$ pb}. This agrees with the theoretical prediction of {$1.71 \pm 0.01$ pb}.

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Measurement of the $p$ - $\bar{p} \to W \gamma$ + $X$ cross section at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV and $W W \gamma$ anomalous coupling limits

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 71 (2005) 091108, 2005.
Inspire Record 679253 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42778

The WWgamma triple gauge boson coupling parameters are studied using p-pbar -> l nu gamma + X (l = e,mu) events at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV. The data were collected with the DO detector from an integrated luminosity of 162 pb^{-1} delivered by the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The cross section times branching fraction for p-pbar -> W(gamma) + X -> l nu gamma + X with E_T^{gamma} > 8 GeV and Delta R_{l gamma} > 0.7 is 14.8 +/- 1.6 (stat) +/- 1.0 (syst) +/- 1.0 (lum) pb. The one-dimensional 95% confidence level limits on anomalous couplings are -0.88 < Delta kappa_{gamma} < 0.96 and -0.20 < lambda_{gamma} < 0.20.

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Measurement of the $p \bar{p} \to WZ + X$ cross-section at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV and limits on WWZ trilinear gauge couplings

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, Maris A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 76 (2007) 111104, 2007.
Inspire Record 761244 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42722

We present measurements of the process $p\bar{p} \to WZ+X \to \ell^{\prime} \nu_{\ell^{\prime}} \ell \bar{\ell}$ at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV, where $\ell$ and $\ell^{\prime}$ are electrons or muons. Using 1 fb$^{-1}$ of data from the D0 experiment, we observe 13 candidates with an expected background of $4.5\pm0.6$ events and measure a cross section $\sigma(WZ)=2.7^{+1.7}_{-1.3}$ pb. From the number of observed events and the $Z$ boson transverse momentum distribution, we limit the trilinear $WWZ$ gauge couplings to $-0.17 \le \lambda_Z \le 0.21$ $(\Delta \kappa_Z = 0)$ at the 95% C.L. for a form factor scale $\Lambda=2$ TeV. Further, assuming that $\Delta g^Z_1 = \Delta\kappa_Z$, we find $-0.12 \le \Delta\kappa_Z \le 0.29$ $(\lambda_Z=0)$ at the 95% C.L. These are the most restrictive limits on the $WWZ$ couplings available to date.

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Measurement of gamma + b + X and gamma + c + X production cross sections in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 102 (2009) 192002, 2009.
Inspire Record 810425 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42739

First measurements of the differential cross sections for the inclusive production of a photon in association with a heavy quark (c, b) jet are presented, covering photon transverse momenta 30-150 GeV, photon rapidities | y_gamma| < 1.0, jet rapidities |y_jet| < 0.8, and jet transverse momenta pT_jet > 15 GeV. The results are based on an integrated luminosity of 1 fb^-1 in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The results are compared with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions.

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Measurement of the ratio of the $p \bar{p} \to W^+ c^-$ jet cross section to the inclusive $p \bar{p} \to W +$ jets cross section

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 666 (2008) 23-30, 2008.
Inspire Record 781444 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42740

We present a measurement of the fraction of inclusive $W$+jets events produced with net charm quantum number $\pm1$, denoted $W$+$c$-jet, in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV using approximately 1~fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We identify the $W$+jets events via the leptonic $W$ boson decays. Candidate $W$+$c$-jet events are selected by requiring a jet containing a muon in association with a reconstructed $W$ boson and exploiting the charge correlation between this muon and $W$ boson decay lepton to perform a nearly model-independent background subtraction. We measure the fraction of $W$+$c$-jet events in the inclusive $W$+jets sample for jet $p_{T}>20$ GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta|<2.5$ to be 0.074$\pm0.019$(stat.)$\pm^{0.012}_{0.014}$(syst.), in agreement with theoretical predictions. The probability that background fluctuations could produce the observed fraction of $W$+$c$-jet events is estimated to be $2.5\times 10^{-4}$, which corresponds to a 3.5 $\sigma$ statistical significance.

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Measurement of the ratios of the Z/gamma* + >= n jet production cross sections to the total inclusive Z/gamma* cross section in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 658 (2008) 112-119, 2008.
Inspire Record 724239 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42763

We present a study of events with Z bosons and jets produced at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in ppbar collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data sample consists of nearly 14,000 Z/G* -> e+e- candidates corresponding to the integrated luminosity of 0.4 fb-1 collected using the D0 detector. Ratios of the Z/G* + >= n jet cross sections to the total inclusive Z/G* cross section have been measured for n = 1 to 4 jet events. Our measurements are found to be in good agreement with a next-to-leading order QCD calculation and with a tree-level QCD prediction with parton shower simulation and hadronization.

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Measurement of the $t \bar{t}$ production cross section in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV using kinematic characteristics of lepton + jets events

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 76 (2007) 092007, 2007.
Inspire Record 750966 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42702

We present a measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV utilizing 425 pb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We consider the final state of the top quark pair containing one high-pT electron or muon and at least four jets. We exploit specific kinematic features of ttbar events to extract the cross section. For a top quark mass of 175 GeV, we measure sigma_ttbar = 6.4 +1.3-1.2(stat} +/- 0.7(syst)+/- 0.4(lum) pb in good agreement with the standard model prediction.

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Measurement of the cross section for $W^-$ boson production in association with jets in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, J. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 77 (2008) 011108, 2008.
Inspire Record 768579 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42714

We present a measurement of the cross section for W-boson production in association with jets in pbarp collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96$ TeV. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 320 pb^-1 collected with the CDF II detector. W bosons are identified in their electron decay channel and jets are reconstructed using a cone algorithm. For each W+>= n-jet sample ($n= 1 - 4$) we measure sigma(ppbar =>W+>=n$-jet)x BR(W => e nu) with respect to the transverse energy E_T of the n^th-highest E_T jet above 20 GeV, for a restricted W => e nu decay phase space. The cross sections, corrected for all detector effects, can be directly compared to particle level W+ jet(s) predictions. We present here comparisons to leading order and next-to-leading order predictions.

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Measurement of the $p \bar{p} \to t \bar{t}$ production cross- section and the top quark mass at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV in the all-hadronic decay mode

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 76 (2007) 072009, 2007.
Inspire Record 753979 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42731

We report the measurements of the t anti-t production cross section and of the top quark mass using 1.02 fb^-1 of p anti-p data collected with the CDFII detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We select events with six or more jets on which a number of kinematical requirements are imposed by means of a neural network algorithm. At least one of these jets must be identified as initiated by a b-quark candidate by the reconstruction of a secondary vertex. The cross section is measured to be sigma_{tt}=8.3+-1.0(stat.)+2.0-1.5(syst.)+-0.5(lumi.) pb, which is consistent with the standard model prediction. The top quark mass of 174.0+-2.2(stat.)+-4.8(syst.) GeV/c^2 is derived from a likelihood fit incorporating reconstructed mass distributions representative of signal and background.

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Measurement of the associated $\gamma + \mu^\pm$ production cross section in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amendolia, S.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 60 (1999) 092003, 1999.
Inspire Record 494764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42121

We present the first measurement of associated direct photon + muon production in hadronic collisions, from a sample of 1.8 TeV $p \bar p$ collisions recorded with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) predicts that these events are primarily from the Compton scattering process $cg \to c\gamma$, with the final state charm quark producing a muon. Hence this measurement is sensitive to the charm quark content of the proton. The measured cross section of $29\pm 9 pb^{-1}$ is compared to a leading-order QCD parton shower model as well as a next-to-leading-order QCD calculation.

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Tests of Factorization from Single and Double Pion Production in 100-GeV/c anti-p p and p p Collisions.

Rushbrooke, John G. ; Ward, D.R. ; Ansorge, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 117-120, 1977.
Inspire Record 123282 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20980

Single- and double-pion inclusive spectra are presented for 100-GeV/c p¯p interactions and compared with related pp data. Double-fragmentation distributions are shown to be understood within a Mueller-Regge framework as a product of single-fragmentation distributions. Consideration of pp and p¯p−pp distributions shows factorization to hold in Pomeron and in Reggeon exchanges independently.

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Properties of Inclusive pi+- Production in 100-GeV/c anti-Proton-Proton Interactions

Whitmore, J. ; Oh, B.Y. ; Pratap, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 38 (1977) 996, 1977.
Inspire Record 118838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20985

Inclusive spectra are presented for π± production in 100-GeV/cp¯p interactions. The rapidity distribution for the difference (p¯p−pp) approximately scales as the difference in total cross sections in the fragmentation region between 12 and 100 GeV/c and exhibits an approximate s−12dependence in the central region.

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A Precision measurement of the prompt photon cross-section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 73 (1994) 2662-2666, 1994.
Inspire Record 375582 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19680

A prompt photon cross section measurement from the Collider Detector at Fermilab experiment is presented. Detector and trigger upgrades, as well as 6 times the integrated luminosity compared with our previous publication, have contributed to a much more precise measurement and extended PT range. As before, QCD calculations agree qualitatively with the measured cross section, but the data has a steeper slope than the calculations.

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Measurement of the dijet mass distribution in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 998-1008, 1993.
Inspire Record 353889 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22573

The dijet invariant mass distribution has been measured in the region between 120 and 1000 GeV/c2, in 1.8-TeV pp¯ collisions. The data sample was collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). Data are compared to leading order (LO) and next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD calculations using two different clustering cone radii R in the jet definition. A quantitative test shows good agreement of data with the LO and NLO QCD predictions for a cone of R=1. The test using a cone of R=0.7 shows less agreement. The NLO calculation shows an improvement compared to LO in reproducing the shape of the spectrum for both radii, and approximately predicts the cone size dependence of the cross section.

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A Prompt photon cross-section measurement in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 2998-3025, 1993.
Inspire Record 353026 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22677

The first prompt photon measurement from the CDF experiment at the Fermilab pp¯ Collider is presented. Two independent methods are used to measure the cross section: one for high transverse momentum (PT) and one for lower PT. Comparisons to various theoretical calculations are shown. The cross section agrees qualitatively with QCD calculations but has a steeper slope at low PT.

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Inclusive $\rho^0$ and $f^0$ Production in 100-GeV/c $\bar{p}p$ Interactions

Raja, R. ; Murphy, C.T. ; Voyvodic, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 16 (1977) 2733, 1977.
Inspire Record 119859 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24478

Inclusive and semi-inclusive $ρ^0$ production in 100-GeV/c $\bar{p}p$ interactions has been studied as a function of c.m. rapidity and transverse momentum. Cross sections are compared with those for $\bar{p}p$ interactions at other energies, as well as pp and π±p interactions, over the range ∼2 < $p_{lab} < 200$ GeV/c. A measurement of the $f^0$ production cross section has been made. Calculations of the contribution from $\rho^0$ decay to prompt lepton production are presented.

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Neutral Particle Production in 100-GeV/c $\bar{p}p$ Interactions

Raja, R. ; Moore, Craig D. ; Voyvodic, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 627, 1977.
Inspire Record 110399 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24539

We have investigated the inclusive production of γ, KS0, Λ0, and Λ¯0 in 100-GeV/c p¯p interactions in the 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber at Fermilab. We present various inclusive distributions and compare them with corresponding distributions in 100-GeV/c pp interactions and lower-energy p¯p interactions. We find some evidence for Σ(1385) production but none for K*(890) production. We find evidence for a nonzero Λ0 polarization of -0.45 ± 0.21.

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