Photoproduction of D mesons

The E-687 collaboration Buchholz, D. ; Frabetti, P.L. ; Bogart, C.W. ; et al.
1990.
Inspire Record 300996 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43002
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Production of the D(s)+- by High-Energy Neutrons

Shipbaugh, C. ; Wiss, J. ; Binkley, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 2117, 1988.
Inspire Record 23063 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20174

We have observed the production of the Ds± by a high-energy neutron beam on nuclear targets. The Ds± was observed in the decay mode Ds±→φπ±, φ→K+K−. The average of the inclusive cross sections for Ds+ and Ds− hadroproduction is measured to be BdσdxF=2.85±0.80±0.86 μb/nucleon at xF=0.175 on the assumption of a linear A dependence, where B≡Γ(Ds±→φπ±)Γ(Ds±→all).

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Study of charged hadronic four-body decays of the D0 meson

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 354 (1995) 486-493, 1995.
Inspire Record 395966 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21354

Charged hadronic four-body decays of D 0 mesons have been studied in the E687 photoproduction experiment at Fermilab. Branching ratios relative to the D 0 → K − π + π + π − decay mode for the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D 0 → π − π + π − π + , D 0 → K − K + π − π + have been measured and the first evidence of the D 0 → K − K + K − π + decay mode is reported. An analysis of the D 0 → K − K + π − π + resonance structure is also presented.

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A Measurement of elastic J / psi photoproduction cross-section at fermilab E687

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Paolone, V.S. ; Yager, P.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 316 (1993) 197-206, 1993.
Inspire Record 359356 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28834

Measurements of elastic photoproduction cross sections for the J / ψ meson from 100 GeV to 375 GeV are presented. The results indicate that the cross section increases slowly in this range. The shape of the energy dependence agrees well with the photon-gluon fusion model prediction.

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Evidence of the Cabibbo suppressed decay Lambda(c)+ ---> p K- K+

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 314 (1993) 477-481, 1993.
Inspire Record 356600 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42675

We report evidence for the Cabibbo-suppressed decay of the charm baryon Λ c + into the final state pK − K + . The analysis is performed on data collected by high energy photoproduction experiment E687 during the 1990–1991 Fermilab fixed target run. The branching ratio of the decay Λ c + → pK − K + relative to the non-suppressed Λ c + → pK − π + is measured to be BR( pK − K + / pK − π + ) = 0.096 ± 0.029 ± 0.010. The upper limit of the decay into pø relative to the inclusive pK − K + decay is measured to be BR( pø / pK − K + < 58% at the 90% confidence level.

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Charm - anti-charm asymmetries in high-energy photoproduction

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 370 (1996) 222-232, 1996.
Inspire Record 415573 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42320

We report measurements of charm particle production asymmetries from the Fermilab photoproduction experiment E687. An asymmetry in the rate of production of charm versus anticharm particles is expected to arise primarily from fragmentation effects. We observe statistically significant asymmetries in the photoproduction of D + , D ∗+ and D 0 mesons and find small (but statistically weak) asymmetries in the production of the D s + meson and the Λ c + baryon. Our inclusive photoproduction asymmetries are compared to predictions from nonperturbative models of charm quark fragmentation.

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Study of higher mass charm baryons decaying to Lambda(c)+

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 365 (1996) 461-469, 1996.
Inspire Record 402059 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42317

We report on the study of charm baryons decaying to Λ c + : Λ c ★+ (2625) → Λ c + π + π − , Λ c ★+ (2593) → Λ c + π + π − , Σ c 0 → Λ c + π − and Σ c ++ → Λ c + π + . We present a confirmation of the state Λ c ∗+ (2593) and determine its mass difference to be M ( Λ c ★+ (2593)) − M ( Λ c + ) = 309.2 ± 0.7 ± 0.3 MeV/ c 2 . We determine the lower limit on the resonant branching ratio to be BR (Λ c ★+ (2593) → Σ c π ± Λ c ★+ (2593) → Λ c + π + π − ) > 0.51 (90% c.l.). We also measure the mass differences M ( Σ c 0 ) − M ( Λ c + ) = 166.6±0.5±0.6 MeV/ c 2 and M ( Σ c ++ ) − M ( Λ c + ) = 167.6±0.6±0.6 MeV/ c 2 . Finally, we measure the relative photoproduction cross sections for Λ c ★+ and Σ c with respect to the (inclusive) photoproduction cross section for Λ c + .

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Analysis of the Cabibbo suppressed decay D0 --> pi- lepton+ neutrino

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 382 (1996) 312-322, 1996.
Inspire Record 419904 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42285

Results for the Cabibbo suppressed semileptonic decays D 0 → π − e + ν and D 0 → π − μ + ν (charge conjugates are implied) are reported by Fermilab photoproduction experiment E687. We find 45.4 ± 13.3 events in the electron mode and 45.6 ± 11.8 in the muon mode. The relative branching ratio BR (D 0 →π − l + v) BR (D 0 →K − l + v) for the combined sample is measured to be 0.101 ± 0.020 (stat.) ± 0.003 (syst.) 14 .

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Measurement of the form-factors for the decay D(s)+ ---> phi mu+ neutrino

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 328 (1994) 187-192, 1994.
Inspire Record 372405 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42502

The fermilab high-energy photoproduction experiment E687 provides a sample of approximately 90 events of the decay mode D + s → φμ + ν . The ratios of the form factors governing the decay are measured to be R v =1.8±0.9±0.2 and R 2 = 1.1±0.8±0.1, implying a polarization of Г 1 /Г t = 1.0±0.5±0.1 for the electron decay, consistent with our measurement of the form factor for the decay D + → K ∗0 μ + ν .

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Diffractive production of $\rho^0(770)$ mesons in muon proton interactions at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aderholz, M. ; Aïd, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 74 (1997) 237-261, 1997.
Inspire Record 441201 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14214

The diffractive production of ρ0(770 @#@) mesons in muon-proton interactions is studied in the kinematic region 0.15 GeV2< Q2< 20 GeV2 and 20 GeV < ? < 420 GeV. The data were obtained in the Fermilab fixed-target experiment E665 with primary muons of 470 GeV energy. Results are presented on the Q2, x and ? dependence of the cross section, on the shape of the ρ+ρt - mass spectrum, on the slope of the diffraction peak and on the production and decay angular distributions of the ρ0(770). The cross section for diffractive production of ρ0 by virtual photons on protons depends mainly on Q2. At fixed Q2, no significant dependence on x or ? is observed. The extrapolation to Q2 = 0 yields a photoproduction cross section of (10.30 ± 0.33) μb. The slope of the t′ distribution has a value of (7.0 ± 0.2) GeV−2, with a tendency to decrease as Q2 increases. The production and decay angular distributions of the ρ0 depend strongly on Q2 and are consistent with s-channel helicity conservation. The ratio R = σl/σt deduced from the decay angular distributions rises strongly with Q2, passing the value of 1 at Q2≈ 2 GeV2.

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Observation of polarization in bottomonium production at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

The NuSea collaboration Brown, C.N. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 2529-2532, 2001.
Inspire Record 536629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19423

We present a measurement of the polarization observed for bottomonium states produced in p-Cu collisions at sqrt(s)=38.8 GeV. The angular distribution of the decay dimuons of the Upsilon(1S) state show no polarization at small xF and pT but significant positive transverse production polarization for either pT > 1.8 GeV/c or for xF > 0.35. The Upsilon(2S+3S) unresolved states show a large transverse production polarization at all values of xF and pT measured. These observations are compared with an NRQCD calculation that predicts a transverse polarization in bottomonium production arising from quark-antiquark fusion and gluon-gluon fusion diagrams.

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Parton energy loss limits and shadowing in Drell-Yan dimuon production

The NuSea collaboration Vasilev, M.A. ; Beddo, M.E. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 2304-2307, 1999.
Inspire Record 501230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19445

A precise measurement of the ratios of the Drell-Yan cross section per nucleon for an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on Be, Fe and W targets is reported. The behavior of the Drell-Yan ratios at small target parton momentum fraction is well described by an existing fit to the shadowing observed in deep-inelastic scattering. The cross section ratios as a function of the incident parton momentum fraction set tight limits on the energy loss of quarks passing through a cold nucleus.

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Nuclear decay following deep inelastic scattering of 470-GeV muons

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 5198-5201, 1995.
Inspire Record 404381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19632

We detected 1–10 MeV neutrons at laboratory angles from 80° to 140° in coincidence with 470 GeV muons deep inelastically scattered from H, D, C, Ca, and Pb targets. The neutron energy spectrum for Pb can be fitted with two components with temperature parameters of 0.7 and 5.0 MeV. The average neutron multiplicity for 40<ν<400 GeV is about 5 for Pb, and less than 2 for Ca and C. These data are consistent with a process in which the emitted hadrons do not interact with the rest of the nucleus within distances smaller than the radius of Ca, but do interact within distances on the order of the radius of Pb in the measured kinematic range. For all targets the lack of high nuclear excitation is surprising.

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Nuclear dependence of neutral D meson production by 800-GeV/c protons

The E789 collaboration Leitch, M.J. ; Boissevain, J. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 2542-2545, 1994.
Inspire Record 371874 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19694

The nuclear dependence for 800 GeV/c proton production of neutron D mesons has been measured near xF=0 in Experiment 789 at Fermilab. D mesons from beryllium and gold targets were detected with a pair spectrometer and a silicon vertex detector via their decay D→Kπ. No nuclear dependence is found, with a measured α=1.02±0.03±0.02. The measured differential cross section, dσ/dxF, for neutral-D-meson production at 〈xF〉=0.031 is 58±3±7 μb/nucleon. The integrated cross section obtained by extrapolation of the measured cross section to all xF is 17.7±0.9±3.4 μb/nucleon and is consistent with previous measurements.

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Limit on the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry of the nucleon sea from Drell-Yan production

McGaughey, P.L. ; Moss, J.M. ; Alde, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 69 (1992) 1726-1728, 1992.
Inspire Record 344919 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19848

We present an analysis of 800-GeV proton-induced Drell-Yan production data from isoscalar targets 2H and C, and from W, which has a large neutron excess. The ratio of cross sections per nucleon, R-σW/σIS, is sensitive to the difference between the d¯(x) and u¯(x) structure functions of the proton. We find that R is close to unity in the range 0.04≤x≤0.27, allowing upper limits to be set on the d¯-u¯ asymmetry. Additionally, the shape of the differential cross section m3 d2σ/dxF dm for 2H at xF≊0 shows no evidence of an asymmetric sea in the proton. We examine the implications of these data for various models of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule in deep-inelastic lepton scattering.

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The A-dependence of J / psi and psi-prime production at 800-GeV/c

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 133-136, 1991.
Inspire Record 301531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19916

The yield of J/ψ and ψ’ vector-meson states has been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on deuterium, carbon, calcium, iron, and tungsten targets. A depletion of the yield per nucleon from heavy nuclei is observed for both J/ψ and ψ’ production. This depletion exhibits a strong dependence on xF and pt. Within experimental errors the depletion is the same for the J/ψ and the ψ’.

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Nuclear dependence of the production of Upsilon resonances at 800-GeV

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 2285-2288, 1991.
Inspire Record 315062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19910

The yields of the 1S and the sum of the 2S and 3S Υ resonances have been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. A significant nuclear dependence is seen in the yield per nucleon which, within errors, is the same for the Υ(1S) and Υ(2S+3D) states. A large decrease in the relative yield from heavy nuclei is found for the range xF<0. Significant nuclear dependence is also observed in the pt distribution. Differential cross sections for the Υ(1S) for H2 are presented over the ranges 0.24≤pt≤3.4 GeV/c and -0.15≤xF≤0.5.

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Nuclear dependence of dimuon production at 800-GeV. FNAL-772 experiment

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 2479-2482, 1990.
Inspire Record 303588 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19997

A precise measurement of the atomic-mass dependence of dimuon production induced by 800-GeV protons is reported. Over 450 000 muon pairs with dimuon mass M≥4 GeV were recorded from targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. The ratio of dimuon yield per nucleon for nuclei versus H2, R=YA/Y2H, is sensitive to modifications of the antiquark sea in nuclei. No nuclear dependence of this ratio is observed over the range of target-quark momentum fraction 0.1<xt<0.3. For xt<0.1 the ratio is slightly less than unity for the heavy nuclei. These results are compared with predictions of models of the European Muon Collaboration effect.

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CHARM PRODUCTION IN NEUTRON NUCLEON INTERACTIONS

Tzeng, L. ; Mcbride, P.L. ; Cooper, P.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 55 (1985) 1172-1175, 1985.
Inspire Record 221439 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20303

Hadronic production of charmed particles in association with muons from their semileptonic decay has been observed in a high-resolution streamer-chamber experiment performed at Fermilab. A miss-distance analysis of the pictures gives a signal of 17.3±4.7 events. Depending on the production model this corresponds to a range of neutron-nucleon cross sections from 8 to 50 μb, assuming an A23 dependence.

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Improved measurement of the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Towell, R.S. ; McGaughey, P.L. ; Awes, T.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 052002, 2001.
Inspire Record 554316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22184

Measurements of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 \rm{GeV/c} proton beam incident on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets are reported. Approximately 360,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs remained after all cuts on the data. From these data, the ratio of anti-down ($\bar{d}$) to anti-up ($\bar{u}$) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-$x$. These results confirm previous measurements by E866 and extend them to lower $x$. From these data, $(\bar{d}-\bar{u})$ and $\int(\bar{d}-\bar{u})dx$ are evaluated for $0.015&lt;x&lt;0.35$. These results are compared with parameterizations of various parton distribution functions, models and experimental results from NA51, NMC, and HERMES.

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Test of Scaling of the Massive Dihadron Cross-section

Kaplan, D.M. ; Guo, R. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 41 (1990) 2334, 1990.
Inspire Record 285484 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22990

Measurements of the cross section for production of massive dihadrons by 800-GeV protons incident on a tungsten target are presented. These are compared with measurements taken at lower and higher s and with perturbative-QCD predictions. Scaling and A-dependence behaviors observed at lower energies are confirmed, and good agreement with QCD is obtained. Model dependences of earlier measurements are discussed.

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Search for diffractive charm production in 800-GeV/c proton - silicon interactions

The Fermilab E653 collaboration Kodama, K. ; Ushida, N. ; Mokhtarani, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 316 (1993) 188-196, 1993.
Inspire Record 35969 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28848

A search for charm production in the coherent diffractive dissociation reaction pSi→XSi was carried out for the modes D 0 → K − π + , D 0 → K − π + π + π − , and D + → K − π + π + . No charm signals were observed, and the 90% confidence level upper limit for coherent charm pair production was determined to be 26 μ b per silicon nucleus. The results are interpreted as an upper limit of 0.2% on the amount of intrinsic charm in the proton.

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Distributions of charged hadrons observed in deep inelastic muon - deuterium scattering at 490-GeV

The E-665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 272 (1991) 163-168, 1991.
Inspire Record 318993 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29288

Longitudinal and transverse momentum spectra of final state hadrons produced in deep-inelastic muon-deuterium scattering at incident muon energy of 490 GeV have been measured up to a hadronic center of mass energy of 30 GeV. The longitudinal distributions agree well with data from earlier muon-nucleon scattering experiments; these distributions tend to increase in steepness as the center of mass energy increases. Comparisons with e + e − data at comparable center of mass energies indicate slight differences. The transverse momentum distributions show an increase in mean p T 2 with an increase in the center of mass energy.

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Charm meson production in 600-GeV/c pi- emulsion interactions

The Fermilab E653 collaboration Kodama, K. ; Ushida, N. ; Mokhtarani, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 284 (1992) 461-470, 1992.
Inspire Record 32383 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29154

We present total and differential cross sections for charm mesons produced in 600 GeV/ c π - emulsion interactions. Fits to d 2 σ / dx F dp T 2 ∞ (1−| x F |) n exp (- bp T 2 ) for 676 electronically reconstructed D mesons with x F >0 give n =4.25±0.24 ( stat .)±0.23 ( syst .) and b =0.76±0.03±0.03 ( GeV / c ) -2 . The total inclusive D + and D 0 cross sections are σ ( π - N → D ± ; x F >0) = 8.66±0.46±1.96 μb nucleon and σ(π - N→D 0 D 0 ; x F >0)=22.05±1.37±4.82μb nucleonk, where a linear dependence on the mean atomic weight of the target is assumed. These results are compared to next-to-leading order QCD predictions.

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Shadowing in the muon xenon inelastic scattering cross-section at 490-GeV

The Fermilab E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 287 (1992) 375-380, 1992.
Inspire Record 341389 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29153

Inelastic scattering of 490 GeV μ + from deuterium and xenon nuclei has been studied for x Bj > s .001. The ratio of the xenon/deuterium cross section per nucleon is observed to vary with x Bj , with a depletion in the kinematic range 0.001 < x Bj < 0.025 which exhibits no significant Q 2 dependence. An electromagnetic calorimeter was used to verify the radiative corrections.

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