Study of Scaling in Hadronic Production of Dimuons

Yoh, J.K. ; Herb, S.W. ; Hom, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 684, 1978.
Inspire Record 130804 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3337

We present proton-nucleus dimuon-production cross sections for masses between 4 and 15 GeV, center-of-mass rapidities between -0.23 and 0.6 and incident energies of 200, 300, and 400 GeV. The data confirm scaling to the 20% level. The dependence of continuum 〈pT〉 on beam energy is also presented.

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Measurement of the Continuum of Dimuons Produced in High-Energy Proton - Nucleus Collisions

Ito, A.S. ; Fisk, R.J. ; Jostlein, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 23 (1981) 604-633, 1981.
Inspire Record 153009 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24076

We report final results of a series of measurements of continuum dimuon production in proton-nucleus collisions at Fermilab. New results with 6 times more statistics are included. A full description of the apparatus and methods used in the analysis of this series of measurements is given. The sea quark distribution of the nucleon is determined within the context of Drell-Yan and quantum-chromodynamic description of dilepton production in hadron collisions.

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Evidence for the $\Upsilon^{\prime\prime}$ and a Search for New Narrow Resonances

Ueno, K. ; Brown, B.C. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 42 (1979) 486-489, 1979.
Inspire Record 132766 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42707

The production of the ϒ family in proton-nucleus collisions is clarified by a sixfold increase in statistics. Constraining ϒ,ϒ′ masses to those observed at DORIS we find the statistical significance of the ϒ′′ to be 11 standard deviations. The dependence of ϒ production on pt, y, and s is presented. Limits for other resonance production in the mass range 4-18 GeV are determined.

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Production of $\psi$ (3100) and $\psi^{\prime}$ (3700) in p-Be Collisions at 400-GeV

Snyder, H.D. ; Hom, D.C. ; Lederman, L.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 36 (1976) 1415, 1976.
Inspire Record 108462 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21117

We report preliminary results on the production of electron-positron pairs in the mass range 2.5 to 4 GeV in 400-GeV p-Be interactions. Production cross sections of the ψ(3100) near x=0 as a function of pt, x, and the decay angle are presented and implications of these new data for single direct leptons are discussed. A ψ′(3700) signal is observed at a level corresponding to σ(ψ′)σ(ψ)=(10±3)%.

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Study of the High Mass Dimuon Continuum in 400-GeV Proton - Nucleus Collisions

Kaplan, D.M. ; Fisk, R.J. ; Ito, A.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 40 (1978) 435, 1978.
Inspire Record 122485 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20947

The mass spectrum of muon pairs in the range 5 to 15 GeV is studied in the inclusive reaction p+nucleus→μ++μ−+anything. The ϒ and continuum distribution are presented as is the A dependence of the continuum. Comparison with a parton-annihilation model yields a sea-quark distribution.

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Scaling Properties of High Mass Symmetric Hadron and Pion Pair Production in Proton - Beryllium Collisions

Jostlein, H. ; Engelmann, Roderich J. ; Fisk, R.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 42 (1979) 146, 1979.
Inspire Record 132764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42603

We present measurements of the production symmetric high-mass hadron and pion pairs by protons of 200, 300, and 400 GeV, incident on a beryllium target. The two-particle invariant cross section for pion production can be described by the function E1E2d6σdp13dp23=(1.7×10−28)pt−8.4(1−xt)14 cm2/GeV4 (where pt is the mean pt of the two hadrons). Functions of the same form have been used in describing single-pion inclusive production. Equality of the exponents of pt in the two processes is observed, confirming the role of smearing contributions to single-hadron cross sections.

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Observation of a Dimuon Resonance at 9.5-GeV in 400-GeV Proton-Nucleus Collisions

Herb, S.W. ; Hom, D.C. ; Lederman, L.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 252-255, 1977.
Inspire Record 120368 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42613

Dimuon production is studied in 400-GeV proton-nucleus collisions. A strong enhancement is observed at 9.5 GeV mass in a sample of 9000 dimuon events with a mass $m_{\mu^+\mu^-} \to$ 5 GeV.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REACTION P P ---> P X AT 205-GEV/C.

Barish, S.J. ; Colley, D.C. ; Schultz, P.F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1080-1083, 1973.
Inspire Record 81790 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21407

The inelastic reaction p+p→p+X is studied at 205 GeV/c. The distribution of the square of the missing mass, M2, shows a large diffractivelike peak at low M2 due to two-, four-, and six-prong events. The slope of the invariant cross section versus t decreases with increasing M2. The energy dependences of the multiplicity moments for the recoiling system X are similar to those for corresponding moments for p+p→(n chargedparticles).

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Total Cross-Sections of $p$ and $\bar{p}$ on Protons and Deuterons Between 50-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c

Carroll, A.S. ; Chiang, I.-H. ; Kycia, T.F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 928, 1974.
Inspire Record 90202 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21291

Proton and antiproton total cross sections on protons and deuterons have been measured at 50, 100, 150, and 200 GeV/c. The proton cross sections rise with increasing momentum. Antiproton cross sections fall with increasing momentum, but the rate of fall decreases between 50 and 150 GeV/c, and from 150 to 200 GeV/c there is little change in cross section.

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Model-independent measurement of the $W$ boson helicity in top quark decays at D0

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 062004, 2008.
Inspire Record 767094 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47072

We present the first model-independent measurement of the helicity of $W$ bosons produced in top quark decays, based on a 1 fb$^{-1}$ sample of candidate $t\bar{t}$ events in the dilepton and lepton plus jets channels collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ Collider. We reconstruct the angle $\theta^*$ between the momenta of the down-type fermion and the top quark in the $W$ boson rest frame for each top quark decay. A fit of the resulting \costheta distribution finds that the fraction of longitudinal $W$ bosons $f_0 = 0.425 \pm 0.166 \hbox{(stat.)} \pm 0.102 \hbox{(syst.)}$ and the fraction of right-handed $W$ bosons $f_+ = 0.119 \pm 0.090 \hbox{(stat.)} \pm 0.053 \hbox{(syst.)}$, which is consistent at the 30% C.L. with the standard model.

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Charm pair correlations in 800-GeV/c proton - emulsion interactions

The Fermilab E653 collaboration Kodama, K. ; Ushida, N. ; Mokhtarani, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 263 (1991) 579-583, 1991.
Inspire Record 30878 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47103

We present results on charm pair correlations measured in proton-emulsion interactions at s =38.7 GeV. The predictions of leading order QCD for the distributions in invariant mass, rapidity gap, x F , and polar angle in the charm pair CMS are qualitatively consistent with our measurements. The mean p T of the pairs is equal within errors to that measured in dilepton production at the same energy and mass range.

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Charm meson production in 800-GeV/c proton - emulsion interactions

The Fermilab E653 collaboration Kodama, K. ; Ushida, N. ; Mokhtarani, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 263 (1991) 573-578, 1991.
Inspire Record 30879 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47110

We report results on D 0 and D + production in proton-emulsion interactions at s =38.7 GeV. A fit to the form (1−| x F |) n exp (−bp 2 T ) yields n=6.9 +1.9 −1.8 and b=0.84 +0.10 −0.08 (GeV/ c ) −2 . The total inclusive cross section, is assuming linear A dependence, is measured to be 38±3(stat.) ±13 (sys.) μ b for the D 0 and 38±9±14 μ b for the D + . A comparison of these results with previous measurements indicates that nuclear effects do not strongly influence charm production. The predictions of QCD are in good agreement with our data.

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Asymmetries between the production of $D_s^-$ and $D_s^+$ mesons from 500-Gev/c $\pi^{-}$ nucleon interactions as functions of x(F) and $p-transverse^{2}$

The E791 collaboration Aitala, E.M. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 411 (1997) 230-236, 1997.
Inspire Record 447720 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42197

This paper presents measurements of the production of Ds- mesons relative to Ds+ mesons as functions of x_F and square of p_t for a sample of 2445 Ds decays to phi pi. The Ds mesons were produced in Fermilab experiment E791 with 500 GeV/c pi- mesons incident on one platinum and four carbon foil targets. The acceptance-corrected integrated asymmetry in the x_F range -0.1 to 0.5 for Ds+- mesons is 0.032 +- 0.022 +- 0.022, consistent with no net asymmetry. The results, as functions of x_F and square of p_t, are compared to predictions and to the large production asymmetry observed for D+- mesons in the same experiment. These comparisons support the hypothesis that production asymmetries come from the fragmentation process and not from the charm quark production itself.

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Measurement of the $W W$ production cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 151801, 2005.
Inspire Record 1650063 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42037

A change in estimated integrated luminosity (from 226 pb$^{-1} to 257 pb$^{-1}$ leads to a corrected value for ${\sigma (p \bar p \to Z) \cdot}$Br${(Z \to \tau \tau)}$ of $209\pm13(stat.)\pm16(syst.)\pm13(lum) pb.

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Measurement of the form-factor ratios for D+(s) ---> phi lepton+ neutrino(lepton)

The E791 collaboration Aitala, E.M. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 450 (1999) 294-300, 1999.
Inspire Record 480733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42137

We have measured the form factor ratios r_V = V(0)/A_1(0) and r_2 = A_2(0)/A_1(0) for the decay D_s^+ -> phi ell^+ nu_ell, phi -> K^+ K^-, using data from charm hadroproduction experiment E791 at Fermilab. Results are based on 144 signal and 22 background events in the electron channel and 127 signal and 34 background events in the muon channel. We combine the measurements from both lepton channels to obtain r_V = 2.27 +- 0.35 +- 0.22 and r_2 = 1.57 +- 0.25 +- 0.19.

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Observation of D - pi production correlations in 500-GeV pi- - N interactions

The E791 collaboration Aitala, E.M. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 403 (1997) 185-190, 1997.
Inspire Record 422245 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42255

We study the charge correlations between charm mesons produced in 500 GeV pi- - N interactions and the charged pions produced closest to them in phase space. With 110,000 fully reconstructed D mesons from experiment E791 at Fermilab, the correlations are studied as functions of the Dpi - D mass difference and of Feynman x. We observe significant correlations which appear to originate from a combination of sources including fragmentation dynamics, resonant decays, and charge of the beam.

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$\Lambda^0$ Polarization in 800 GeV/c $pp \to p_f (\Lambda^0 K^+$)

The E690 collaboration Felix, J. ; Berisso, M.C. ; Christian, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 061801, 2002.
Inspire Record 560899 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42919

We report results from a study of Λ0 polarization in the exclusive reaction pp→pf(Λ0K+) at 800−GeV/c. We observe a dependence of the polarization on the Λ0K+ invariant mass with large (+71%) positive polarization at small mass (1.63−GeV/c2) and large (−43%) negative polarization at large mass (2.75−GeV/c2). This observation confirms the result of the CERN ISR R608 experiment and extends the range over which the effect is observed. The strong dependence of the polarization on the Λ0K+ invariant mass suggests that the origin of the polarization is closely related to the production dynamics of the diffractively produced Λ0K+ system.

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Measurement of the $p$ - $\bar{p} \to W \gamma$ + $X$ cross section at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV and $W W \gamma$ anomalous coupling limits

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 71 (2005) 091108, 2005.
Inspire Record 679253 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42778

The WWgamma triple gauge boson coupling parameters are studied using p-pbar -> l nu gamma + X (l = e,mu) events at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV. The data were collected with the DO detector from an integrated luminosity of 162 pb^{-1} delivered by the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The cross section times branching fraction for p-pbar -> W(gamma) + X -> l nu gamma + X with E_T^{gamma} > 8 GeV and Delta R_{l gamma} > 0.7 is 14.8 +/- 1.6 (stat) +/- 1.0 (syst) +/- 1.0 (lum) pb. The one-dimensional 95% confidence level limits on anomalous couplings are -0.88 < Delta kappa_{gamma} < 0.96 and -0.20 < lambda_{gamma} < 0.20.

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Measurement of gamma + b + X and gamma + c + X production cross sections in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 102 (2009) 192002, 2009.
Inspire Record 810425 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42739

First measurements of the differential cross sections for the inclusive production of a photon in association with a heavy quark (c, b) jet are presented, covering photon transverse momenta 30-150 GeV, photon rapidities | y_gamma| < 1.0, jet rapidities |y_jet| < 0.8, and jet transverse momenta pT_jet > 15 GeV. The results are based on an integrated luminosity of 1 fb^-1 in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The results are compared with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions.

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Measurement of the ratio of the $p \bar{p} \to W^+ c^-$ jet cross section to the inclusive $p \bar{p} \to W +$ jets cross section

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 666 (2008) 23-30, 2008.
Inspire Record 781444 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42740

We present a measurement of the fraction of inclusive $W$+jets events produced with net charm quantum number $\pm1$, denoted $W$+$c$-jet, in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV using approximately 1~fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We identify the $W$+jets events via the leptonic $W$ boson decays. Candidate $W$+$c$-jet events are selected by requiring a jet containing a muon in association with a reconstructed $W$ boson and exploiting the charge correlation between this muon and $W$ boson decay lepton to perform a nearly model-independent background subtraction. We measure the fraction of $W$+$c$-jet events in the inclusive $W$+jets sample for jet $p_{T}>20$ GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta|<2.5$ to be 0.074$\pm0.019$(stat.)$\pm^{0.012}_{0.014}$(syst.), in agreement with theoretical predictions. The probability that background fluctuations could produce the observed fraction of $W$+$c$-jet events is estimated to be $2.5\times 10^{-4}$, which corresponds to a 3.5 $\sigma$ statistical significance.

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Measurement of the ratios of the Z/gamma* + >= n jet production cross sections to the total inclusive Z/gamma* cross section in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 658 (2008) 112-119, 2008.
Inspire Record 724239 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42763

We present a study of events with Z bosons and jets produced at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in ppbar collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data sample consists of nearly 14,000 Z/G* -> e+e- candidates corresponding to the integrated luminosity of 0.4 fb-1 collected using the D0 detector. Ratios of the Z/G* + >= n jet cross sections to the total inclusive Z/G* cross section have been measured for n = 1 to 4 jet events. Our measurements are found to be in good agreement with a next-to-leading order QCD calculation and with a tree-level QCD prediction with parton shower simulation and hadronization.

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Measurement of the $t \bar{t}$ production cross section in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV using kinematic characteristics of lepton + jets events

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 76 (2007) 092007, 2007.
Inspire Record 750966 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42702

We present a measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV utilizing 425 pb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We consider the final state of the top quark pair containing one high-pT electron or muon and at least four jets. We exploit specific kinematic features of ttbar events to extract the cross section. For a top quark mass of 175 GeV, we measure sigma_ttbar = 6.4 +1.3-1.2(stat} +/- 0.7(syst)+/- 0.4(lum) pb in good agreement with the standard model prediction.

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Diffractively produced charm final states in 800-GeV/c p p collisions

Wang, M.H.L.S. ; Berisso, M.C. ; Christian, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 082002, 2001.
Inspire Record 539652 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42947

We report the first observation of diffractively produced open charm in 800−GeV/c pp collisions of the type pp→pD*X. We measure cross sections of σdiff(D*+)=(0.185±0.044±0.054)μb and σdiff(D*−)=(0.174±0.034±0.029)μb. Our measurements are based on 4.3×109 events recorded by FNAL E690 in the fixed-target run of 1991. We compare our results with previous fixed-target charm experiments.

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Differential Cross-Sections, Charge Production Asymmetry, and Spin Density Matrix Elements for $D^{*\pm}$(2010) Produced in 500-GeV/c $\pi^-$ Nucleon Interactions

The Fermilab E791 collaboration Aitala, E.M ; Amato, S ; Anjos, J.C ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 539 (2002) 218-226, 2002.
Inspire Record 587686 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42892

We report differential cross sections for the production of D*(2010) produced in 500 GeV/c pi^- nucleon interactions from experiment E791 at Fermilab, as functions of Feynman-x (x_F) and transverse momentum squared (p_T^2). We also report the D* +/- charge asymmetry and spin-density matrix elements as functions of these variables. Investigation of the spin-density matrix elements shows no evidence of polarization. The average values of the spin alignment are \eta= 0.01 +- 0.02 and -0.01 +- 0.02 for leading and non-leading particles, respectively.

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Asymmetries in the production of Lambda0, Xi-, and Omega- hyperons in 500-GeV/c pi minus: Nucleon interactions

The E791 collaboration Aitala, E.M. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 496 (2000) 9-18, 2000.
Inspire Record 532973 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42997

Using data from Fermilab fixed-target experiment E791, we have measured particle-antiparticle production asymmetries for lambda zero, cascade minus, and omega minus hyperons in pi minus-nucleon interactions at 500 GeV/c. The asymmetries are measured as functions of Feynman-x (x_F) and pt^2 over the ranges of -0.12 GE x_F LE 0.12 and 0 GE pt^2 LE 4 (GeV/c)^2. We find substantial asymmetries, even at x_F = 0. We also observe leading-particle- type asymmetries which qualitatively agree with theoretical predictions.

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