High Transverse Momentum Single Hadron Production in $p p$ and $p d$ Collisions at $s^{1/2}$ = 27.4-GeV and $s^{1/2}$ = 38.8-GeV

Jaffe, D.E. ; Straub, P.B. ; Adams, M.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 2777, 1989.
Inspire Record 278691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23016

Results of high-transverse-momentum charged-hadron production in 400-GeV/c proton-proton and proton-deuteron collisions and 800-GeV/c proton-proton collisions are presented. The transverse-momentum range of the data is from 5.2 to 9.0 GeV/c for the 400-GeV/c collisions and from 3.6 to 11.0 GeV/c for the 800-GeV/c collisions; the data are centered around 90° in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum system. Single-pion invariant cross sections and particle ratios were measured at both energies. The results are compared to previous experiments and the Lund model.

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Inclusive Hadronic Production Cross-Sections Measured in Proton - Nucleus Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 27.4-GeV

Crittenden, J.A. ; Hsiung, Y.B. ; Kaplan, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 34 (1986) 2584, 1986.
Inspire Record 231109 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23462

We present results on the production of hadrons in collisions of 400-GeV/c protons with beryllium, copper, and tungsten nuclei. The data cover the region from 5.6 to 8.0 GeV/c in the transverse momentum of the final-state hadron and from 73° to 102° in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum frame production angle theta*. The restriction of the data to values of xT (xT=2pT/ √s ) greater than 0.4 enriches the sample with hard collisions of valence quarks. Asymmetries about theta*=90° reflect the presence of neutrons in the target nuclei. The variation of the atomic-weight dependence parameter α with production angle is discussed in the context of the phenomenology of nucleonic structure within nuclei. We also extrapolate our measurements to a ‘‘deuteron’’ target to minimize nuclear effects and compare the result to QCD calculations.

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Particle ratios of high x(t) hadrons in p A interactions at s**(1/2) = 38.8-GeV.

Straub, P.B. ; Jaffe, D.E. ; Glass, H.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 45 (1992) 3030-3037, 1992.
Inspire Record 342598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22727

We report measurements of the ratios K+π+, pπ+, K−π−, p¯π−, π−π+, K−K+, and p¯p for hadrons with 0.19<xt<0.62 produced in p−Be and p−W collisions at s=38.8 GeV. The K+π+ ratio at high xt gives the fragmentation-function ratio DuK+Duπ+ at high z. The high-xt K−π− ratio gives an upper limit for DdK−Ddπ− at high z. The pt dependence of pπ+ suggests that scattered constituent diquarks are the primary source of protons with pt<6 GeV/c. We also present species correlations in high-mass h+h− pairs. Strong K+K− and pp¯ correlations were observed.

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High Transverse Momentum Hadron Hadron Correlations in $\sqrt{s}=38$.8-{GeV} Proton Proton Interactions

Jaffe, D.E. ; Straub, P.B. ; Adams, M.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 1016-1019, 1988.
Inspire Record 268868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23278

Measurements of correlations of nearly back-to-back hadrons produced at a large transverse momentum in s=38.8 GeV proton-proton collisions are presented and compared to previous results with a beryllium target. The correlations of identified unlike-sign hadron pairs in ratio to the correlation for all unlike-sign pairs are compared with predictions of the Lund model. These predictions differ from the data.

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Shadowing in inelastic scattering of muons on carbon, calcium and lead at low x(Bj)

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aïd, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 67 (1995) 403-410, 1995.
Inspire Record 394981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41664

Nuclear shadowing is observed in the per-nucleon cross-sections of positive muons on carbon, calcium and lead as compared to deuterium. The data were taken by Fermilab experiment E665 using inelastically scattered muons of mean incident momentum 470 GeV/c. Cross-section ratios are presented in the kinematic region 0.0001 < XBj <0.56 and 0.1 < Q**2 < 80 GeVc. The data are consistent with no significant nu or Q**2 dependence at fixed XBj. As XBj decreases, the size of the shadowing effect, as well as its A dependence, are found to approach the corresponding measurements in photoproduction.

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Proton and deuteron structure functions in muon scattering at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 54 (1996) 3006-3056, 1996.
Inspire Record 416076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42347

The proton and deuteron structure functions F2p and F2d are measured in inelastic muon scattering with an average beam energy of 470 GeV. The data were taken at Fermilab experiment E665 during 1991 and 1992 using liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. The F2 measurements are reported in the range 0.0008<x<0.6 and 0.2<Q2<75 GeV2. These are the first precise measurements of F2 in the low x and Q2 range of the data. In the high x range of the data where they overlap in x and Q2 with the measurements from NMC, the two measurements are in agreement. The E665 data also overlap in x with the DESY HERA data, and there is a smooth connection in Q2 between the two data sets. At high Q2 the E665 measurements are consistent with QCD-evolved leading twist structure function models. The data are qualitatively described by structure function models incorporating the hadronic nature of the photon at low Q2. The Q2 and the W dependence of the data measure the transition in the nature of the photon between a pointlike probe at high Q2 and a hadronic object at low Q2.

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Production of neutral strange particles in muon - nucleon scattering at 490-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aderholz, M. ; Aïd, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 61 (1994) 539-550, 1994.
Inspire Record 362429 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42473

The production ofK0, Λ and\(\bar \Lambda \) particles is studied in the E665 muon-nucleon experiment at Fermilab. The average multiplicities and squared transverse momenta are measured as a function ofxF andW2. Most features of the data can be well described by the Lund model. Within this model, the data on the K0/π± ratios and on the averageK0 multiplicity in the forward region favor a strangeness suppression factors/u in the fragmentation process near 0.20. Clear evidence for QCD effects is seen in the average squared transverse momentum ofK0 and Λ particles.

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Distributions of charged hadrons observed in deep inelastic muon - deuterium scattering at 490-GeV

The E-665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 272 (1991) 163-168, 1991.
Inspire Record 318993 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29288

Longitudinal and transverse momentum spectra of final state hadrons produced in deep-inelastic muon-deuterium scattering at incident muon energy of 490 GeV have been measured up to a hadronic center of mass energy of 30 GeV. The longitudinal distributions agree well with data from earlier muon-nucleon scattering experiments; these distributions tend to increase in steepness as the center of mass energy increases. Comparisons with e + e − data at comparable center of mass energies indicate slight differences. The transverse momentum distributions show an increase in mean p T 2 with an increase in the center of mass energy.

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Extraction of the ratio $F2_n / F2_p$ from muon - deuteron and muon - proton scattering at small $x$ and Q**2

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 1466-1470, 1995.
Inspire Record 393866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42379

The ratio of the deuteron to proton structure functions is measured at very small Bjorken x (down to 10–6) and for Q2>0.001 GeV2 from scattering of 470 GeV muons on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. The ratio F2n/F2p extracted from these measurements is found to be constant, at a value of 0.935±0.008±0.034, for x<0.01. This result suggests the presence of nuclear shadowing effects in the deuteron. The dependence of the ratio on Q2 is also examined; no significant variation is found.

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Production of charged hadrons by positive muons on deuterium and xenon at 490-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aderholz, M. ; Aïd, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 61 (1994) 179-198, 1994.
Inspire Record 359394 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42505

Results on the production of charged hadrons in muon-deuteron and muon-xenon interactions are presented. The data were taken with the E665 spectrometer, which was exposed to the 490 GeV muon beam of the Tevatron at Fermilab. The use of a streamer chamber as vertex detector provides nearly 4π acceptance for charged particles. The μD data are compared with the μXe data in terms of multiplicity distributions, average multiplicities, forward-backward multiplicity correlations, rapidity and transverse momentum distributions and of two-particle rapidity correlations of charged hadrons. The data cover a range of invariant hadronic massesW from 8 to 30 GeV.

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Nuclear decay following deep inelastic scattering of 470-GeV muons

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 5198-5201, 1995.
Inspire Record 404381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19632

We detected 1–10 MeV neutrons at laboratory angles from 80° to 140° in coincidence with 470 GeV muons deep inelastically scattered from H, D, C, Ca, and Pb targets. The neutron energy spectrum for Pb can be fitted with two components with temperature parameters of 0.7 and 5.0 MeV. The average neutron multiplicity for 40<ν<400 GeV is about 5 for Pb, and less than 2 for Ca and C. These data are consistent with a process in which the emitted hadrons do not interact with the rest of the nucleus within distances smaller than the radius of Ca, but do interact within distances on the order of the radius of Pb in the measured kinematic range. For all targets the lack of high nuclear excitation is surprising.

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Diffractive production of $\rho^0(770)$ mesons in muon proton interactions at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aderholz, M. ; Aïd, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 74 (1997) 237-261, 1997.
Inspire Record 441201 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14214

The diffractive production of ρ0(770 @#@) mesons in muon-proton interactions is studied in the kinematic region 0.15 GeV2< Q2< 20 GeV2 and 20 GeV < ? < 420 GeV. The data were obtained in the Fermilab fixed-target experiment E665 with primary muons of 470 GeV energy. Results are presented on the Q2, x and ? dependence of the cross section, on the shape of the ρ+ρt - mass spectrum, on the slope of the diffraction peak and on the production and decay angular distributions of the ρ0(770). The cross section for diffractive production of ρ0 by virtual photons on protons depends mainly on Q2. At fixed Q2, no significant dependence on x or ? is observed. The extrapolation to Q2 = 0 yields a photoproduction cross section of (10.30 ± 0.33) μb. The slope of the t′ distribution has a value of (7.0 ± 0.2) GeV−2, with a tendency to decrease as Q2 increases. The production and decay angular distributions of the ρ0 depend strongly on Q2 and are consistent with s-channel helicity conservation. The ratio R = σl/σt deduced from the decay angular distributions rises strongly with Q2, passing the value of 1 at Q2≈ 2 GeV2.

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Shadowing in the muon xenon inelastic scattering cross-section at 490-GeV

The Fermilab E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 287 (1992) 375-380, 1992.
Inspire Record 341389 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29153

Inelastic scattering of 490 GeV μ + from deuterium and xenon nuclei has been studied for x Bj > s .001. The ratio of the xenon/deuterium cross section per nucleon is observed to vary with x Bj , with a depletion in the kinematic range 0.001 < x Bj < 0.025 which exhibits no significant Q 2 dependence. An electromagnetic calorimeter was used to verify the radiative corrections.

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Measurement of the ratio $\sigma_n / \sigma_p$ in inelastic muon - nucleon scattering at very low $x$ and $Q^2$

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aïd, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 309 (1993) 477-482, 1993.
Inspire Record 354238 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28907

We present results on the cross-section ratio for inelastic muon scattering on neutrons and protons as a function of Bjorken chi;. The data extend to χ values two orders of magnitude smaller than in previous measurements, down to 2×10 −5 , for Q 2 >0.01 GeV 2 . The ratio is consistent with unity throughout this new range.

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Dimuon production in proton - copper collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

Moreno, G. ; Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 43 (1991) 2815-2836, 1991.
Inspire Record 302822 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22831

Experimental results on the production of dimuons by 800-GeV protons incident on a copper target are presented. The results include measurements of both the continuum of dimuons and the dimuon decays of the three lowest-mass ϒ S states. A description of the apparatus, data acquisition, and analysis techniques is included. A comparison of the results with data taken at lower incident energies indicates a scaling behavior of the continuum dimuon yields.

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Dimuon Production in 800-{GeV} Proton Nucleus Collisions

Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; Finley, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 63 (1989) 2637-2640, 1989.
Inspire Record 288346 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20031

A measurement of continuum dimuon production in proton-copper collisions at 800-GeV incident energy is presented. The dimuons observed in this experiment cover the mass range from 6.5 to 18 GeV near y=0 in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum frame. Scaling forms of the cross section for the continuum are compared with the results of other experiments in the context of the parton model and quantum chromodynamics. The present limitations of such scaling comparisons are discussed.

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Inclusive neutral D production in 205-GeV/c pi- Be interactions

Sarmiento, M. ; Mooney, P. ; Bishop, J.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 45 (1992) 2244-2248, 1992.
Inspire Record 326594 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22811

Hadronic charm production was investigated with a two-arm magnetic spectrometer. The experiment was triggered on muons from the semileptonic decay of charm particles in one arm while reconstructing the mass of the associatively produced partners in the other arm. An excess of 153±46 combinations above background for the neutral D→Kπ mode was observed. This corresponds to a model-dependent DD¯ production cross section of 41±12+15−11 μb per nucleon, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.

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$\psi$ production and $\bar{p} N$ and $\pi^- N$ interactions at 125-GeV/c and a determination of the gluon structure functions of the $\bar{p}$ and the $\pi^-$

Tzamarias, S. ; Katsanevas, S. ; Kourkoumelis, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 5067-5080, 1993.
Inspire Record 297586 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22578

We have measured the cross section for production of ψ and ψ′ in p¯ and π− interactions with Be, Cu, and W targets in experiment E537 at Fermilab. The measurements were performed at 125 GeV/c using a forward dimuon spectrometer in a closed geometry configuration. The gluon structure functions of the p¯ and π− have been extracted from the measured dσdxF spectra of the produced ψ's. From the p¯W data we obtain, for p¯, xG(x)=(2.15±0.7)[1−x](6.83±0.5)[1+(5.85±0.95)x]. In the π− case, we obtain, from the W and the Be data separately, xG(x)=(1.49±0.03)[1−x](1.98±0.06) (for π−W), xG(x)=(1.10±0.10)[1−x](1.20±0.20) (for π−Be).

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A Study of D* Production in High-Energy $\gamma$ p Interactions

Sliwa, K. ; Appel, J.A. ; Biel, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 32 (1985) 1053-1060, 1985.
Inspire Record 194636 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23561

We have studied D* production mechanisms using data from a photoproduction experiment at the Fermilab Tagged Photon Spectrometer. A large sample of charged D*’s was selected via the clean signature of the cascade decay D*→D0π+ and subsequently D0→K−π+ or D0→K−π+π0. The cross section for the process γp→(D*++anything)p at an average energy of 105 GeV was measured to be 88±32 nb. Only (11±7)% of D*’s were found to be consistent with being accompanied solely by a D¯* or a D¯; the remaining events contain additional particles. The distribution of the production angle of the D* in the photon-fragmentation-system center of mass is strongly anisotropic and consistent with the form f(θ*)=cos4θ*. We set a limit on the associated-production-process cross section σ(γp→(D¯*−+anything)Λc) x)<60 nb (90% C.L.).

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Experimental Determination of Elastic and Topological Cross-sections in 48.9-GeV/c anti-p p Interactions

Zissa, D.E. ; Barnes, V.E. ; Carmony, D.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 21 (1980) 3059, 1980.
Inspire Record 8434 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24179

The elastic and topological p¯p cross sections have been measured at 48.9 GeV/c in the Fermilab proportional-wire-chamber-30-in.-bubble-chamber hybrid spectrometer. The elastic cross section is 7.81±0.24 mb and the slope of the elastic differential cross section at t=0 is 13.4±0.8 GeV−2. Further, the moments of the inelastic topological-cross-section distribution are 〈nc〉=5.69±0.03, 〈nc〉D=2.10±0.02, and f2cc=1.67±0.12.

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Differential cross-sections of J / psi and psi-prime in 800-GeV/c p-Si interactions

The E-771 collaboration Alexopoulos, T. ; Durandet, C. ; Erwin, A.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 55 (1997) 3927-3932, 1997.
Inspire Record 446872 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22271

We present the xF and pT differential cross sections of J/ψ and ψ′, respectively, in the ranges −0.05<xF<0.25 and pT<3.5 GeV/c. The data samples are constituted by about 12 000 J/ψ and 200 ψ′ produced in proton-silicon interactions at 800 GeV/c and decaying into opposite sign muons. The xF and pT distributions are compared with recent results from experiments E789 at the same energy and to leading order QCD predictions using the MRS D0 parametrization for the parton structure function. The measured shapes of the differential cross sections, except for the dσ/dxF at small xF, agree very well with the prediction, even though their value is quite a bit larger than the prediction. We also present the cosθ differential cross section of the J/ψ which indicates unpolarized production in contrast with color octet models predictions.

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A Measurement of J / psi and psi-prime production in 300-GeV/c proton, anti-proton and pi+- nucleon interactions

The E705 collaboration Antoniazzi, L. ; Arenton, M. ; Cao, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 46 (1992) 4828-4835, 1992.
Inspire Record 338055 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22667

Hadroproduction of the Jψ and ψ′ states has been studied in 300-GeV/c proton, antiproton, and π±Li interactions. Both total and differential cross sections in xF and pT have been measured for the Jψ for the π±, proton, and antiproton interactions. The ratio of ψ′ to Jψ production has been determined for the four types of beam particles.

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Search for Charmed Mesons Produced in Hadronic Interactions

Ginther, G. ; Edelstein, R.M. ; Forsyth, C.P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 35 (1987) 1541-1552, 1987.
Inspire Record 252546 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23386

The hadronic production of charmed states was studied in a two-arm spectrometer using a 205-GeV/c negative-pion beam incident upon a beryllium target. One arm, filled with dense absorber, triggered the detectors upon the passage of a muon with a moderate transverse momentum and a total momentum of at least 4 GeV/c. The other arm was an open-geometry magnetic spectrometer which had both neutral- and charged-particle identification capabilities. The apparatus, the data, and an invariant-mass-plot search for evidence of charmed-meson production through several charged-particle decay modes are described. The Kπ, Kππ, and Kπππ mass plots fail to reveal significant D-meson signals. Based upon the Kπ mass plots, the 95%-confidence upper limit on the DD¯ production cross section is found to be less than 51 μb per nucleon for the production models tested. A search for evidence of charged-D* production yields 30±16 combinations above background in association with the expected trigger muon charge. Interpreted as a D* signal, this excess corresponds to a model-dependent inclusive DD¯ production cross section of 34±18−9+14 μb per nucleon. Model-dependent upper limits on the ratio of the F to D cross sections are also presented.

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Mooney, P. ; Sarmiento, M. ; Bishop, J.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 2494-2498, 1989.
Inspire Record 282266 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23225

The inclusive cross section for charged-D* production by 205-GeV/c π− mesons incident on a beryllium target was measured with a two-arm spectrometer triggered by prompt muons. Using the mass-difference technique often employed in D* studies, a signal of 31±11 charged D*’s was isolated; it includes contributions from both the D*+ and D*− charged modes in correlation with triggering muons of the proper charge. This corresponds to an inclusive charged-D* production cross section of 220±77−57+77 μb per Be nucleus or 24±9−6+9 μb per nucleon when the cross section is scaled linearly with atomic mass number. The first error is statistical and the second is systematic.

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Hadroproduction of the $\chi_1$ and $\chi_2$ States of Charmonium in 800-GeV/c Proton Silicon Interactions

The E771 collaboration Alexopoulos, T. ; Antoniazzi, L. ; Arenton, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 62 (2000) 032006, 2000.
Inspire Record 504991 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41516

The cross sections for the hadroproduction of the Chi1 and Chi2 states of charmonium in proton-silicon collisions at sqrt{s}=38.8 GeV have been measured in Fermilab fixed target Experiment 771. The Chi states were observed via their radiative decay to J/psi+gamma, where the photon converted to e+e- in the material of the spectrometer. The measured values for the Chi1 and Chi2 cross sections for x_F>0 are 263+-69(stat)+-32(syst) and 498+-143(stat)+-67(syst) nb per nucleon respectively. The resulting sigma(Chi1}/sigma(Chi2) ratio of 0.53+-0.20(stat)+-0.07(syst), although somewhat larger than most theoretical expectations, can be accomodated by the latest theoretical estimates.

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