Search for the decay D0 ---> mu+ mu-

The E789 collaboration Mishra, C.S. ; Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 50 (1994) R9-R12, 1994.
Inspire Record 374150 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42371

Using a silicon-microstrip detector array to identify secondary vertices occurring downstream of a short platinum target, we have searched for the decay D0→μ+μ−. Normalized relative to the J/ψ→μ+μ− signal observed in the same data sample, for a 3.25-mm minimum decay distance our branching-ratio sensitivity is (4.8±1.4)×10−6 per event, and after background subtraction we observe -4.1±4.8 events. Using the statistical approach advocated by the Particle Data Group, we obtain a limit B(D0→μ+μ−)<3.1×10−5 at 90% confidence, confirming with a different technique the limit previously obtained by Louis et al. The interpretation of the upper limit involves complex statistical issues; we present another approach which is more suitable for combining the results of different experiments.

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Parton energy loss limits and shadowing in Drell-Yan dimuon production

The NuSea collaboration Vasilev, M.A. ; Beddo, M.E. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 2304-2307, 1999.
Inspire Record 501230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19445

A precise measurement of the ratios of the Drell-Yan cross section per nucleon for an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on Be, Fe and W targets is reported. The behavior of the Drell-Yan ratios at small target parton momentum fraction is well described by an existing fit to the shadowing observed in deep-inelastic scattering. The cross section ratios as a function of the incident parton momentum fraction set tight limits on the energy loss of quarks passing through a cold nucleus.

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Dimuon production in proton - copper collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

Moreno, G. ; Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 43 (1991) 2815-2836, 1991.
Inspire Record 302822 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22831

Experimental results on the production of dimuons by 800-GeV protons incident on a copper target are presented. The results include measurements of both the continuum of dimuons and the dimuon decays of the three lowest-mass ϒ S states. A description of the apparatus, data acquisition, and analysis techniques is included. A comparison of the results with data taken at lower incident energies indicates a scaling behavior of the continuum dimuon yields.

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Particle ratios of high x(t) hadrons in p A interactions at s**(1/2) = 38.8-GeV.

Straub, P.B. ; Jaffe, D.E. ; Glass, H.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 45 (1992) 3030-3037, 1992.
Inspire Record 342598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22727

We report measurements of the ratios K+π+, pπ+, K−π−, p¯π−, π−π+, K−K+, and p¯p for hadrons with 0.19<xt<0.62 produced in p−Be and p−W collisions at s=38.8 GeV. The K+π+ ratio at high xt gives the fragmentation-function ratio DuK+Duπ+ at high z. The high-xt K−π− ratio gives an upper limit for DdK−Ddπ− at high z. The pt dependence of pπ+ suggests that scattered constituent diquarks are the primary source of protons with pt<6 GeV/c. We also present species correlations in high-mass h+h− pairs. Strong K+K− and pp¯ correlations were observed.

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High Transverse Momentum Single Hadron Production in $p p$ and $p d$ Collisions at $s^{1/2}$ = 27.4-GeV and $s^{1/2}$ = 38.8-GeV

Jaffe, D.E. ; Straub, P.B. ; Adams, M.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 2777, 1989.
Inspire Record 278691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23016

Results of high-transverse-momentum charged-hadron production in 400-GeV/c proton-proton and proton-deuteron collisions and 800-GeV/c proton-proton collisions are presented. The transverse-momentum range of the data is from 5.2 to 9.0 GeV/c for the 400-GeV/c collisions and from 3.6 to 11.0 GeV/c for the 800-GeV/c collisions; the data are centered around 90° in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum system. Single-pion invariant cross sections and particle ratios were measured at both energies. The results are compared to previous experiments and the Lund model.

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Forward Neutron Production at the Fermilab Main Injector

The MIPP collaboration Nigmanov, T.S. ; Rajaram, D. ; Longo, M.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 83 (2011) 012002, 2011.
Inspire Record 874954 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63860

We have measured cross sections for forward neutron production from a variety of targets using proton beams from the Fermilab Main Injector. Measurements were performed for proton beam momenta of 58 GeV/c, 84 GeV/c, and 120 GeV/c. The cross section dependence on the atomic weight (A) of the targets was found to vary as $A^(alpha)$ where $\alpha$ is $0.46\pm0.06$ for a beam momentum of 58 GeV/c and 0.54$\pm$0.05 for 120 GeV/c. The cross sections show reasonable agreement with FLUKA and DPMJET Monte Carlos. Comparisons have also been made with the LAQGSM Monte Carlo.

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Measurement of the light anti-quark flavor asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Hawker, E.A. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 80 (1998) 3715-3718, 1998.
Inspire Record 468098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42153

A precise measurement of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on hydrogen and deuterium targets is reported. Over 140,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs with dimuon mass M_{mu+ mu-} >= 4.5 GeV/c^2 were recorded. From these data, the ratio of anti-down (dbar) to anti-up (ubar) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-x. A strong x dependence is observed in the ratio dbar/ubar, showing substantial enhancement of dbar with respect to ubar for x<0.2. This result is in fair agreement with recent parton distribution parameterizations of the sea. For x>0.2, the observed dbar/ubar ratio is much nearer unity than given by the parameterizations.

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Nuclear dependence of neutral D meson production by 800-GeV/c protons

The E789 collaboration Leitch, M.J. ; Boissevain, J. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 2542-2545, 1994.
Inspire Record 371874 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19694

The nuclear dependence for 800 GeV/c proton production of neutron D mesons has been measured near xF=0 in Experiment 789 at Fermilab. D mesons from beryllium and gold targets were detected with a pair spectrometer and a silicon vertex detector via their decay D→Kπ. No nuclear dependence is found, with a measured α=1.02±0.03±0.02. The measured differential cross section, dσ/dxF, for neutral-D-meson production at 〈xF〉=0.031 is 58±3±7 μb/nucleon. The integrated cross section obtained by extrapolation of the measured cross section to all xF is 17.7±0.9±3.4 μb/nucleon and is consistent with previous measurements.

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The A-dependence of J / psi and psi-prime production at 800-GeV/c

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 133-136, 1991.
Inspire Record 301531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19916

The yield of J/ψ and ψ’ vector-meson states has been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on deuterium, carbon, calcium, iron, and tungsten targets. A depletion of the yield per nucleon from heavy nuclei is observed for both J/ψ and ψ’ production. This depletion exhibits a strong dependence on xF and pt. Within experimental errors the depletion is the same for the J/ψ and the ψ’.

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Nuclear dependence of the production of Upsilon resonances at 800-GeV

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 2285-2288, 1991.
Inspire Record 315062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19910

The yields of the 1S and the sum of the 2S and 3S Υ resonances have been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. A significant nuclear dependence is seen in the yield per nucleon which, within errors, is the same for the Υ(1S) and Υ(2S+3D) states. A large decrease in the relative yield from heavy nuclei is found for the range xF<0. Significant nuclear dependence is also observed in the pt distribution. Differential cross sections for the Υ(1S) for H2 are presented over the ranges 0.24≤pt≤3.4 GeV/c and -0.15≤xF≤0.5.

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