Nucleon Structure Functions from High-Energy Neutrino Interactions with Iron and QCD Results

MacFarlane, D. ; Purohit, M.V. ; Messner, R.L. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 26 (1984) 1-12, 1984.
Inspire Record 195928 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16212

Nucleon structure functions obtained from neutrino and anti-neutrino scattering on iron nuclei at high energies (Ev=30 to 250 GeV) are presented. These results are compared with the results of other lepton-nucleon scattering experiments. The structure functions are used to test the validity of the Gross-Llewellyn-smith sum rule, which measures the number of valence quarks in the nucleons, and to obtain leading and second order QCD fits.

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Measurement of the Rate of Increase of Neutrino Cross-Sections with Energy

Blair, R. ; Barish, B.C. ; Chu, Y.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 51 (1983) 343-346, 1983.
Inspire Record 194360 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20507

The energy dependence of the cross section for neutrino- and antineutrino-nucleon charged-current interactions has been determined from data taken in Fermilab's dichromatic neutrino beam. σνE=(0.669±0.003±0.024)×10−38 cm2/GeV and σν¯E=(0.340±0.003±0.02)×10−38 cm2/GeV are found. These results are higher than some previous measurements.

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Forward Production of Charm States and Prompt Single Muons in 350-{GeV} $p$ Fe Interactions

Ritchie, J.L. ; Bodek, A. ; Breedon, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 126 (1983) 499, 1983.
Inspire Record 189126 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30702

The forward production of charm states in 350 GeV p-Fe interactions has been studied via the production of prompt single muons with momentum p ≳ 20 GeV/ c . The data indicate equal production of single μ + and μ − events. The observed momentum distributions can be fit with the hypothesis that D mesons are produced with an invariant cross section proportional to (1 − x F ) 5.0±0.8 exp[−(2 ± 0.3) P t ] and do not favor a large diffractive cross section predicted by intrinsic charm models. Extrapolation of the distributions to x F = 0 yields a total D D production cross section of 22.6 ± 2.1(±3.6)ωb/nucleon on the assumption of a linear A dependence and 8% average semileptonic branching ratio of charm states.

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Photoproduction of Narrow Resonances

Knapp, B. ; Lee, Won-Yong ; Leung, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 34 (1975) 1040, 1975.
Inspire Record 2411 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21280

A very narrow resonance with a mass of 3.105 GeV/c2 is observed in the reaction γ+Be→μ++μ−+X. The total cross section for this process, as well as its t distribution, is given.

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Dimuon Production by Neutrons

Knapp, B. ; Lee, Won-Yong ; Leung, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 34 (1975) 1044, 1975.
Inspire Record 2108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21935

A very narrow resonance with a mass of 3.1 GeV/c2 is observed in the reaction n+Be→μ++μ−+X. The total cross section for this process, as well as its P⊥2 and x distribution, are given.

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$\rho^0$ Production in $\pi^- p$ Interactions at 100-{GeV}/$c$, 200-{GeV}/$c$ and 360-{GeV}/$c$

Higgins, P.D. ; Shephard, W.D. ; Biswas, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 65, 1979.
Inspire Record 7275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4591

Inclusive and semi-inclusive cross sections for gp0 production in 100, 200, and 360 GeV/c π−p interactions are presented. Differential cross sections for ρ0 production as functions of c.m. rapidity and transverse momentum are compared with the corresponding differential cross sections for pion production. Effects of various methods of estimating background on the values obtained for ρ0 production cross sections are discussed. About 10% of the final-state charged pions appear to come from ρ0 decay. Thus, while ρ0 production and decay is a significant source of final-state pions, other sources must contribute the majority of the produced pions.

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Production of $\chi_{c1}$ and $\chi_{c2}$ in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 3963-3968, 2001.
Inspire Record 557478 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19422

We have measured the ratio of prompt production rates of the charmonium states χc1 and χc2 in 110pb−1 of pp¯ collisions at s=1.8TeV. The photon from their decay into J/ψγ is reconstructed through conversion into e+e− pairs. The energy resolution this technique provides makes the resolution of the two states possible. We find the ratio of production cross sections σχc2σχc1=0.96±0.27(stat)±0.11(syst) for events with pT(J/ψ)>4.0GeV/c, |η(J/ψ)|<0.6, and pT(γ)>1.0GeV/c.

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Limit on the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry of the nucleon sea from Drell-Yan production

McGaughey, P.L. ; Moss, J.M. ; Alde, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 69 (1992) 1726-1728, 1992.
Inspire Record 344919 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19848

We present an analysis of 800-GeV proton-induced Drell-Yan production data from isoscalar targets 2H and C, and from W, which has a large neutron excess. The ratio of cross sections per nucleon, R-σW/σIS, is sensitive to the difference between the d¯(x) and u¯(x) structure functions of the proton. We find that R is close to unity in the range 0.04≤x≤0.27, allowing upper limits to be set on the d¯-u¯ asymmetry. Additionally, the shape of the differential cross section m3 d2σ/dxF dm for 2H at xF≊0 shows no evidence of an asymmetric sea in the proton. We examine the implications of these data for various models of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule in deep-inelastic lepton scattering.

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Continuum Dimuon Production in $\bar{p} W$ Collisions at 125-GeV/c

Anassontzis, E. ; Katsanevas, S. ; Kostarakis, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 2572, 1985.
Inspire Record 213694 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20379

The cross section for the reaction p¯N→μ+μ−X with muon pairs in the mass range 4<M<9 GeV/c2 and xF>0 was measured to be σ=0.104±0.005±0.008 nb/nucleon. The distributions dσdxF and M3dσdM were compared to the QCD-improved Drell-Yan model and to calculations including first-order QCD corrections, with use of deep-inelastic structure functions. Excellent agreement with the data was obtained if the calculations were multiplied by factors of 2.45 and 1.41, respectively.

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$J/\psi$ Photoproduction from 60-GeV/c to 300-GeV/c

Binkley, Morris E. ; Bohler, C. ; Butler, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 48 (1982) 73, 1982.
Inspire Record 168767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20597

Measurements of the energy and t dependence of diffractive Jψ photoproduction are presented. A significant rise in the cross section over the energy range 60-300 GeV is observed. It is found that (30±4)% of the events are inelastic.

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Total Cross-Sections of $p$ and $\bar{p}$ on Protons and Deuterons Between 50-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c

Carroll, A.S. ; Chiang, I.-H. ; Kycia, T.F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 928, 1974.
Inspire Record 90202 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21291

Proton and antiproton total cross sections on protons and deuterons have been measured at 50, 100, 150, and 200 GeV/c. The proton cross sections rise with increasing momentum. Antiproton cross sections fall with increasing momentum, but the rate of fall decreases between 50 and 150 GeV/c, and from 150 to 200 GeV/c there is little change in cross section.

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Measurement of the Slope of the Diffraction Peak for Elastic pp Scattering from 8-GeV to 400-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1088-1091, 1973.
Inspire Record 81722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21381

The slope b(s) of the forward diffraction peak of p−p elastic scattering has been measured in the momentum-transfer-squared range 0.005≲|t|≲0.09 (GeV/c)2 and at incident proton energies from 8 to 400 GeV. We find that b(s) increases with s, and in the interval 100≲s≲750 (GeV)2 it can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′lns with b0=8.23±0.27, α′=0.278±0.024 (GeV/c)−2.

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Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 50 GeV to 400 GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Chiang, I-Hung ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1367-1370, 1973.
Inspire Record 81733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21379

From measurements of proton-proton elastic scattering at very small momentum transfers where the nuclear and Coulomb amplitudes interfere, we have deduced values of ρ, the ratio of the real to the imaginary forward nuclear amplitude, for energies from 50 to 400 GeV. We find that ρ increases from -0.157 ± 0.012 at 51.5 GeV to +0.039 ± 0.012 at 393 GeV, crossing zero at 280 ± 60 GeV.

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Small Angle Elastic Proton Proton Scattering from 25-GeV to 200-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1755-1758, 1972.
Inspire Record 73778 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21428

We have measured the differential cross section for small angle p−p scattering from 25 to 200 GeV incident energy and in the momentum transfer range 0.015<|t|<0.080 (GeVc)2. We find that the slope of the forward diffraction peak, b(s), increases with energy and can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′ lns, where b0=8.3±1.3 and α′=0.28±0.13 (GeVc)−2. Such dependence is compatible with the data existing both at higher and lower energies. We have also obtained the energy dependence of the p−p total cross section in the energy range from 48 to 196 GeV. Within our errors which are ± 1.1 mb the total cross section remains constant.

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Measurement of the $J/\psi$ meson and $b-$hadron production cross sections in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1960$ GeV

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Adelman, J. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 71 (2005) 032001, 2005.
Inspire Record 668026 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22119

We present a new measurement of the inclusive and differential production cross sections of $J/\psi$ mesons and $b$-hadrons in proton-antiproton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1960$ GeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 39.7 pb$^{-1}$ collected by the CDF Run II detector. We find the integrated cross section for inclusive $J/\psi$ production for all transverse momenta from 0 to 20 GeV/$c$ in the rapidity range $|y|<0.6$ to be $4.08 \pm 0.02 (stat)^{+0.36}_{-0.33} (syst) \mu {\rm b}$. We separate the fraction of $J/\psi$ events from the decay of the long-lived $b$-hadrons using the lifetime distribution in all events with $p_T(J/\psi) > 1.25$ GeV/$c$. We find the total cross section for $b$-hadrons, including both hadrons and anti-hadrons, decaying to $J/\psi$ with transverse momenta greater than 1.25 GeV/$c$ in the rapidity range $|y(J/\psi)|<0.6$, is $ 0.330 \pm 0.005 (stat) ^{+0.036}_{-0.033} (syst) ~\mu{\rm b}$. Using a Monte Carlo simulation of the decay kinematics of $b$-hadrons to all final states containing a $J/\psi$, we extract the first measurement of the total single $b$-hadron cross section down to zero transverse momentum at $\sqrt{s}=1960$ GeV. We find the total single $b$-hadron cross section integrated over all transverse momenta for $b$-hadrons in the rapidity range $|y|<0.6$ to be $ 17.6 \pm 0.4 (stat)^{+2.5}_{-2.3} (syst) \mu{\rm b}$.

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The underlying event in hard interactions at the Tevatron $\bar{p}p$ collider

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Albrow, M.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 70 (2004) 072002, 2004.
Inspire Record 647490 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22135

For comparison of inclusive jet cross sections measured at hadron-hadron colliders to next-to-leading order (NLO) parton-level calculations, the energy deposited in the jet cone by spectator parton interactions must first be subtracted. The assumption made at the Tevatron is that the spectator parton interaction energy is similar to the ambient level measured in minimum bias events. In this paper, we test this assumption by measuring the ambient charged track momentum in events containing large transverse energy jets at $\sqrt{s}=1800$ GeV and $\sqrt{s}=630$ GeV and comparing this ambient momentum with that observed both in minimum bias events and with that predicted by two Monte Carlo models. Two cones in $\eta$--$\phi$ space are defined, at the same pseudo-rapidity, $\eta$, as the jet with the highest transverse energy ($E_T^{(1)}$), and at $\pm 90^o$ in the azimuthal direction, $\phi$. The total charged track momentum inside each of the two cones is measured. The minimum momentum in the two cones is almost independent of $E_T^{(1)}$ and is similar to the momentum observed in minimum bias events, whereas the maximum momentum increases roughly linearly with the jet $E_T^{(1)}$ over most of the measured range. This study will help improve the precision of comparisons of jet cross section data and NLO perturbative QCD predictions. %this is new The distribution of the sum of the track momenta in the two cones is also examined for five different $E_T^{(1)}$ bins. The HERWIG and PYTHIA Monte Carlos are reasonably successful in describing the data, but neither can describe completely all of the event properties.

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Cross Section for Forward $J/\psi$ Production in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 66 (2002) 092001, 2002.
Inspire Record 603674 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22217

The inclusive cross section for J/ψ production times the branching ratio B(J/ψ→μ+μ−) has been measured in the forward pseudorapidity region: B×dσ[p¯+p→J/ψ(pT>10GeV/c,2.1<|η|<2.6)+X]/dη=192±9(stat)±29(syst)pb. The results are based on 74.1±5.2pb−1 of data collected by the CDF Collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurements extend earlier measurements of the D0 Collaboration to higher pTJ/ψ. In the kinematic range where the experiments partially overlap, these data are in good agreement with previous measurements.

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Nuclear dependence of the production of Upsilon resonances at 800-GeV

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 2285-2288, 1991.
Inspire Record 315062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19910

The yields of the 1S and the sum of the 2S and 3S Υ resonances have been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. A significant nuclear dependence is seen in the yield per nucleon which, within errors, is the same for the Υ(1S) and Υ(2S+3D) states. A large decrease in the relative yield from heavy nuclei is found for the range xF<0. Significant nuclear dependence is also observed in the pt distribution. Differential cross sections for the Υ(1S) for H2 are presented over the ranges 0.24≤pt≤3.4 GeV/c and -0.15≤xF≤0.5.

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Nuclear dependence of dimuon production at 800-GeV. FNAL-772 experiment

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 2479-2482, 1990.
Inspire Record 303588 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19997

A precise measurement of the atomic-mass dependence of dimuon production induced by 800-GeV protons is reported. Over 450 000 muon pairs with dimuon mass M≥4 GeV were recorded from targets of H2, C, Ca, Fe, and W. The ratio of dimuon yield per nucleon for nuclei versus H2, R=YA/Y2H, is sensitive to modifications of the antiquark sea in nuclei. No nuclear dependence of this ratio is observed over the range of target-quark momentum fraction 0.1<xt<0.3. For xt<0.1 the ratio is slightly less than unity for the heavy nuclei. These results are compared with predictions of models of the European Muon Collaboration effect.

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The A-dependence of J / psi and psi-prime production at 800-GeV/c

Alde, D.M. ; Baer, H.W. ; Carey, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 66 (1991) 133-136, 1991.
Inspire Record 301531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19916

The yield of J/ψ and ψ’ vector-meson states has been measured for 800-GeV protons incident on deuterium, carbon, calcium, iron, and tungsten targets. A depletion of the yield per nucleon from heavy nuclei is observed for both J/ψ and ψ’ production. This depletion exhibits a strong dependence on xF and pt. Within experimental errors the depletion is the same for the J/ψ and the ψ’.

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Measurement of the Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 80-GeV to 286-GeV by Means of Silicon Position Sensitive Detectors

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Cool, R.L. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 23 (1976) 400, 1976.
Inspire Record 100255 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19082
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A Precision measurement of the prompt photon cross-section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 73 (1994) 2662-2666, 1994.
Inspire Record 375582 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19680

A prompt photon cross section measurement from the Collider Detector at Fermilab experiment is presented. Detector and trigger upgrades, as well as 6 times the integrated luminosity compared with our previous publication, have contributed to a much more precise measurement and extended PT range. As before, QCD calculations agree qualitatively with the measured cross section, but the data has a steeper slope than the calculations.

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Measurement of the inclusive jet cross-section in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, D. ; Apollinari, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 62 (1989) 613, 1989.
Inspire Record 267999 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20032

Inclusive jet production at s=1.8 TeV has been measured in the CDF detector at the Fermilab Tevatron p¯p Collider. Jets with transverse energies (Et) up to 250 GeV have been observed. The Et dependence of the inclusive jet cross section is consistent with leading-order quantum-chromodynamic calculations, and comparison with lower-energy data shows deviations from scaling consistent with QCD. A lower limit of 700 GeV (95% confidence level) is placed on the quark compositeness scale parameter Λc associated with an effective contact interaction.

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Dimuon Production in 800-{GeV} Proton Nucleus Collisions

Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; Finley, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 63 (1989) 2637-2640, 1989.
Inspire Record 288346 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20031

A measurement of continuum dimuon production in proton-copper collisions at 800-GeV incident energy is presented. The dimuons observed in this experiment cover the mass range from 6.5 to 18 GeV near y=0 in the proton-nucleon center-of-momentum frame. Scaling forms of the cross section for the continuum are compared with the results of other experiments in the context of the parton model and quantum chromodynamics. The present limitations of such scaling comparisons are discussed.

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Nuclear target effects in $J/\psi$ production in 125-GeV/c $\bar{p}$ and $\pi^-$ interactions

Katsanevas, S. ; Kourkoumelis, C. ; Markou, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 2121, 1988.
Inspire Record 252806 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20104

The production of the Jψ resonance in 125-GeV/c p¯ and φ− interactions with Be, Cu, and W targets has been measured. The cross section per nucleon for Jψ production is suppressed in W interactions relative to the lighter targets, especially at large values of Feynman x, which is opposite to the expectation from the various explanations of the European Muon Collaboration effect. Models incorporating modifications of the gluon structure functions in heavy targets show qualitative agreement with the data.

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