Measurement of $\Upsilon$ Production for $p+p$ and $p+d$ Interactions at 800 GeV/c

The NuSea collaboration Zhu, L.Y. ; Reimer, Paul E. ; Mueller, B.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 062301, 2008.
Inspire Record 763967 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42715

We report a high statistics measurement of Upsilon production with an 800 GeV/c proton beam on hydrogen and deuterium targets. The dominance of the gluon-gluon fusion process for Upsilon production at this energy implies that the cross section ratio, $\sigma (p + d \to \Upsilon) / 2\sigma (p + p\to \Upsilon)$, is sensitive to the gluon content in the neutron relative to that in the proton. Over the kinematic region 0 < x_F < 0.6, this ratio is found to be consistent with unity, in striking contrast to the behavior of the Drell-Yan cross section ratio $\sigma(p+d)_{DY}/2\sigma(p+p)_{DY}$. This result shows that the gluon distributions in the proton and neutron are very similar. The Upsilon production cross sections are also compared with the p+d and p+Cu cross sections from earlier measurements.

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Measurement of J / psi and psi-prime suppression in p-A collisions at 800-GeV/c

The NuSea collaboration Leitch, M.J. ; Lee, W.M. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 3256-3260, 2000.
Inspire Record 507188 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55127

Measurements of the suppression of the yield per nucleon of J/Psi and Psi' production for 800 GeV/c protons incident on heavy relative to light nuclear targets have been made with very broad coverage in xF and pT. The observed suppression is smallest at xF values of 0.25 and below and increases at larger values of xF. It is also strongest at small pT. Substantial differences between the Psi' and J/Psi are observed for the first time in p-A collisions. The suppression for the Psi' is stronger than that for the J/Psi for xF near zero, but becomes comparable to that for the J/Psi for xF > 0.6.

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Measurement of the light anti-quark flavor asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Hawker, E.A. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 80 (1998) 3715-3718, 1998.
Inspire Record 468098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42153

A precise measurement of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on hydrogen and deuterium targets is reported. Over 140,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs with dimuon mass M_{mu+ mu-} >= 4.5 GeV/c^2 were recorded. From these data, the ratio of anti-down (dbar) to anti-up (ubar) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-x. A strong x dependence is observed in the ratio dbar/ubar, showing substantial enhancement of dbar with respect to ubar for x<0.2. This result is in fair agreement with recent parton distribution parameterizations of the sea. For x>0.2, the observed dbar/ubar ratio is much nearer unity than given by the parameterizations.

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Improved measurement of the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Towell, R.S. ; McGaughey, P.L. ; Awes, T.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D64 (2001) 052002, 2001.
Inspire Record 554316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22184

Measurements of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 \rm{GeV/c} proton beam incident on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets are reported. Approximately 360,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs remained after all cuts on the data. From these data, the ratio of anti-down ($\bar{d}$) to anti-up ($\bar{u}$) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-$x$. These results confirm previous measurements by E866 and extend them to lower $x$. From these data, $(\bar{d}-\bar{u})$ and $\int(\bar{d}-\bar{u})dx$ are evaluated for $0.015&lt;x&lt;0.35$. These results are compared with parameterizations of various parton distribution functions, models and experimental results from NA51, NMC, and HERMES.

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Observation of polarization in bottomonium production at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

The NuSea collaboration Brown, C.N. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 2529-2532, 2001.
Inspire Record 536629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19423

We present a measurement of the polarization observed for bottomonium states produced in p-Cu collisions at sqrt(s)=38.8 GeV. The angular distribution of the decay dimuons of the Upsilon(1S) state show no polarization at small xF and pT but significant positive transverse production polarization for either pT > 1.8 GeV/c or for xF > 0.35. The Upsilon(2S+3S) unresolved states show a large transverse production polarization at all values of xF and pT measured. These observations are compared with an NRQCD calculation that predicts a transverse polarization in bottomonium production arising from quark-antiquark fusion and gluon-gluon fusion diagrams.

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Parton energy loss limits and shadowing in Drell-Yan dimuon production

The NuSea collaboration Vasilev, M.A. ; Beddo, M.E. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 2304-2307, 1999.
Inspire Record 501230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19445

A precise measurement of the ratios of the Drell-Yan cross section per nucleon for an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on Be, Fe and W targets is reported. The behavior of the Drell-Yan ratios at small target parton momentum fraction is well described by an existing fit to the shadowing observed in deep-inelastic scattering. The cross section ratios as a function of the incident parton momentum fraction set tight limits on the energy loss of quarks passing through a cold nucleus.

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Transverse-target-spin asymmetry in exclusive $\omega$-meson electroproduction

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 600, 2015.
Inspire Record 1391139 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75465

Hard exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons is studied with the HERMES spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off a transversely polarized hydrogen target. The amplitudes of five azimuthal modulations of the single-spin asymmetry of the cross section with respect to the transverse proton polarization are measured. They are determined in the entire kinematic region as well as for two bins in photon virtuality and momentum transfer to the nucleon. Also, a separation of asymmetry amplitudes into longitudinal and transverse components is done. These results are compared to a phenomenological model that includes the pion pole contribution. Within this model, the data favor a positive $\pi\omega$ transition form factor.

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Measurement of the form-factors for the decay D(s)+ ---> phi mu+ neutrino

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B328 (1994) 187-192, 1994.
Inspire Record 372405 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42502
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Measurement of the cross section for $W^-$ boson production in association with jets in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, J. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D77 (2008) 011108, 2008.
Inspire Record 768579 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42714

We present a measurement of the cross section for W-boson production in association with jets in pbarp collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96$ TeV. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 320 pb^-1 collected with the CDF II detector. W bosons are identified in their electron decay channel and jets are reconstructed using a cone algorithm. For each W+>= n-jet sample ($n= 1 - 4$) we measure sigma(ppbar =>W+>=n$-jet)x BR(W => e nu) with respect to the transverse energy E_T of the n^th-highest E_T jet above 20 GeV, for a restricted W => e nu decay phase space. The cross sections, corrected for all detector effects, can be directly compared to particle level W+ jet(s) predictions. We present here comparisons to leading order and next-to-leading order predictions.

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Measurement of the $p \bar{p} \to t \bar{t}$ production cross- section and the top quark mass at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV in the all-hadronic decay mode

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D76 (2007) 072009, 2007.
Inspire Record 753979 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42731

We report the measurements of the t anti-t production cross section and of the top quark mass using 1.02 fb^-1 of p anti-p data collected with the CDFII detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We select events with six or more jets on which a number of kinematical requirements are imposed by means of a neural network algorithm. At least one of these jets must be identified as initiated by a b-quark candidate by the reconstruction of a secondary vertex. The cross section is measured to be sigma_{tt}=8.3+-1.0(stat.)+2.0-1.5(syst.)+-0.5(lumi.) pb, which is consistent with the standard model prediction. The top quark mass of 174.0+-2.2(stat.)+-4.8(syst.) GeV/c^2 is derived from a likelihood fit incorporating reconstructed mass distributions representative of signal and background.

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Measurement of Sigma- Production Polarization and Magnetic Moment

Wah, Y.W. ; Cardello, T.R. ; Cooper, P.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 55 (1985) 2551-2554, 1985.
Inspire Record 218614 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42574
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Measurement of the SU(3) Symmetry Violation in the Quark Jet

The Fermilab-Serpukhov-Moscow-Michigan collaboration Ammosov, V.V. ; Amrakhov, A.H. ; Denisov, A.G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B93 (1980) 210-212, 1980.
Inspire Record 152994 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42575
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Charged Current Events with Neutral Strange Particles in High-Energy anti-neutrino Interactions

Ammosov, V.V. ; Denisov, A.G. ; Ermolov, P.F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B177 (1981) 365-381, 1981.
Inspire Record 153884 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42576
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Study of higher mass charm baryons decaying to Lambda(c)+

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B365 (1996) 461-469, 1996.
Inspire Record 402059 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42317
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Charm - anti-charm asymmetries in high-energy photoproduction

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B370 (1996) 222-232, 1996.
Inspire Record 415573 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42320
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Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 1203-1208, 1997.
Inspire Record 442536 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42194

We present a measurement of the ttbar production cross section in ppbar collisions at root(s) = 1.8TeV by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. The measurement is based on data from an integrated luminosity of approximately 125 pb~-1 accumulated during the 1992-1996 collider run. We observe 39 ttbar candidate events in the dilepton and lepton+jets decay channels with an expected background of 13.7+-2.2 events. For a top quark mass of 173.3GeV/c~2, we measure the ttbar production cross section to be 5.5+-1.8 pb.

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Search for exclusive $\gamma \gamma$ production in hadron-hadron collisions

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 242002, 2007.
Inspire Record 755922 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51949

We have searched for exclusive 2-photon production in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV, using 532/pb of integrated luminosity taken by the Run II Collider Detector at Fermilab. The event signature requires two electromagnetic showers, each with transverse energy E_T > 5 GeV and pseudorapidity |eta|&lt;1.0, with no other particles detected in the event. Three candidate events are observed. We discuss the consistency of the three events with gamma-gamma, pi0-pi0, or eta-eta production. The probability that other processes fluctuate to 3 events or more is 1.7x10^-4. An upper limit on the cross section of p+pbar --> p+gamma-gamma+pbar is set at 410 fb with 95% confidence level.

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The ratio of the isolated photon cross sections at $\sqrt{s} = 630$ GeV and 1800 GeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 251805, 2001.
Inspire Record 557816 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54883

The inclusive cross section for production of isolated photons has been measured in \pbarp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 630$ GeV with the \D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The photons span a transverse energy ($E_T$) range from 7-49 GeV and have pseudorapidity $|\eta| < 2.5$. This measurement is combined with to previous \D0 result at $\sqrt{s} = 1800$ GeV to form a ratio of the cross sections. Comparison of next-to-leading order QCD with the measured cross section at 630 GeV and ratio of cross sections show satisfactory agreement in most of the $E_T$ range.

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$t \bar{t}$ production cross-section in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.8-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D67 (2003) 012004, 2003.
Inspire Record 586609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54899

Results are presented on a measurement of the ttbar pair production cross section in ppbar collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV from nine independent decay channels. The data were collected by the Dzero experiment during the 1992-1996 run of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. A total of 80 candidate events are observed with an expected background of 38.8 +- 3.3 events. For a top quark mass of 172.1 GeV/c^2, the measured cross section is 5.69 +- 1.21 (stat) +- 1.04 (sys) pb.

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First measurement of $\sigma$ ($p \bar{p} \to Z^{)}$ . Br ($Z \to \tau \tau^{)}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96- TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D71 (2005) 072004, 2005.
Inspire Record 666357 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50921

We present a measurement of the cross section for $Z$ production times the branching fraction to $\tau$ leptons, $\sigma \cdot$Br$(Z\to \tau^+ \tau^-)$, in $p \bar p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$1.96 TeV in the channel in which one $\tau$ decays into $\mu \nu_{\mu} \nu_{\tau}$, and the other into $\rm {hadrons} + \nu_{\tau}$ or $e \nu_e \nu_{\tau}$. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 226 pb$^{-1}$ collected with the D{\O}detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The final sample contains 2008 candidate events with an estimated background of 55%. From this we obtain $\sigma \cdot$Br$(Z \to \tau^+ \tau^-)=237 \pm 15$(stat)$\pm 18$(sys)$ \pm 15$(lum) pb, in agreement with the standard model prediction.

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Experimental Tests of Quantum Chromodynamics in High $p_T$ Jet Production in 200-{GeV}/$c$ Hadron - Proton Collisions

Bromberg, C. ; Fox, G. ; Gomez, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 43 (1979) 565, 1979.
Inspire Record 141467 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52007
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Studying the Underlying Event in Drell-Yan and High Transverse Momentum Jet Production at the Tevatron

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, J. ; Alvarez Gonzalez, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D82 (2010) 034001, 2010.
Inspire Record 849042 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55734

We study the underlying event in proton-antiproton collisions by examining the behavior of charged particles (transverse momentum pT &gt; 0.5 GeV/c, pseudorapidity |\eta| &lt; 1) produced in association with large transverse momentum jets (~2.2 fb-1) or with Drell-Yan lepton-pairs (~2.7 fb-1) in the Z-boson mass region (70 &lt; M(pair) &lt; 110 GeV/c2) as measured by CDF at 1.96 TeV center-of-mass energy. We use the direction of the lepton-pair (in Drell-Yan production) or the leading jet (in high-pT jet production) in each event to define three regions of \eta-\phi space; toward, away, and transverse, where \phi is the azimuthal scattering angle. For Drell-Yan production (excluding the leptons) both the toward and transverse regions are very sensitive to the underlying event. In high-pT jet production the transverse region is very sensitive to the underlying event and is separated into a MAX and MIN transverse region, which helps separate the hard component (initial and final-state radiation) from the beam-beam remnant and multiple parton interaction components of the scattering. The data are corrected to the particle level to remove detector effects and are then compared with several QCD Monte-Carlo models. The goal of this analysis is to provide data that can be used to test and improve the QCD Monte-Carlo models of the underlying event that are used to simulate hadron-hadron collisions.

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Branching ratio measurements of exclusive $B^{+}$ decays to charmonium with the Collider Detector at Fermilab

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D66 (2002) 052005, 2002.
Inspire Record 588090 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56734
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Measurement of the $t\bar{t}$ Production Cross Section in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV using Soft Electron b-Tagging

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, J. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D81 (2010) 092002, 2010.
Inspire Record 846167 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56640

We present a measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV using a data sample corresponding to 1.7/fb of integrated luminosity collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We reconstruct ttbar events in the lepton+jets channel. The dominant background is the production of W bosons in association with multiple jets. To suppress this background, we identify electrons from the semileptonic decay of heavy-flavor jets. We measure a production cross section of 7.8 +/- 2.4 (stat) +/- 1.6 (syst) +/- 0.5 (lumi) pb. This is the first measurement of the top pair production cross section with soft electron tags in Run II of the Tevatron.

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Measurement of the Top Pair Production Cross Section in the Dilepton Decay Channel in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}= 1.96$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, J. ; Alvarez Gonzalez, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D82 (2010) 052002, 2010.
Inspire Record 845783 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56641

A measurement of the $\ttbar$ production cross section in $\ppbar$ collisions at $\sqrt{{\rm s}}$ = 1.96 TeV using events with two leptons, missing transverse energy, and jets is reported. The data were collected with the CDF II Detector. The result in a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity 2.8 fb$^{-1}$ is: $\sigma_{\ttbar}$ = 6.27 $\pm$ 0.73(stat) $\pm$ 0.63(syst) $\pm$ 0.39(lum) pb. for an assumed top mass of 175 GeV/$c^{2}$.

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