Comparison of spin asymmetries and cross-sections in pi0 production by 200-GeV polarized anti-protons and protons

The E581 & E704 collaborations Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 261 (1991) 201-206, 1991.
Inspire Record 314232 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29396
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High x(t) single spin asymmetry in pi0 and eta production at x(F) = 0 by 200-GeV polarized anti-protons and protons

The E581 & E704 collaborations Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 276 (1992) 531-535, 1992.
Inspire Record 314231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29252

A measurement of the single-spin asymmetry A N in p↑ + p→ π 0 + X at 200 GeV with x F = 0 shows a transition in the production process from a “ low -x T ” regime with A N = 0, through an intermediate region of negative asymmetry, to a “ high -x T ” regime with A N > 0.3. This transition occurs at x T ≈ 0.4 and is consistent with x T -scaling of A N in pion production using polarized beams or targets from √− s =5.2 to 19.4 GeV. Results for A N in η production by polarized protons and in π 0 production by polarized antiprotons are also presented.

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Analyzing power in inclusive pi+ and pi- production at high x(F) with a 200-GeV polarized proton beam

The FNAL-E704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 264 (1991) 462-466, 1991.
Inspire Record 315569 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29360

The analyzing power in inclusive charged pion production has been measured using the 200 GeV Fermilab polarized proton beam. A striking dependence in x F is observed in which A N increases from 0 to 0.42 with increasing x F for the π + data and decreases from 0 to −0.38 with increasing x F for π − data. The kinematic range covered is 0.2⩽ x F ⩽0.9 and 0.2⩽ p T ⩽2.0 GeV / c . In a simple model our data indicate that at large x F the transverse spin of the proton is correlated with that of its quark constituents.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in k+ p elastic scattering at 1.60, 1.80, 2.11 and 2.31 gev/c

Barnett, B.A. ; Laasanen, A.T. ; Steinberg, P.H. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 34 (1971) 655-658, 1971.
Inspire Record 69281 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28513

The polarization parameter for K + p elastic scattering has been measured at 1.60, 1.80, 2.11 and 3.31 GeV/ c incident momenta over the entire angular range with an emphasis on the backward region. The results in the extreme backward region appear to be small and consistent with zero.

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Measurement of polarization pn pi- p ---> pi0 n at 3.5 and 5.0 gev/c

Hill, D. ; Koehler, P. ; Novey, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 30 (1973) 239-242, 1973.
Inspire Record 84552 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21395

The polarization parameter P(t) for the reaction π−p→π0n has been measured at 3.5 and 5.0 GeV/c over the range 0.2<~−t<~1.8 (GeV/c)2. The two γ rays from the π0 decay were detected in a large lead-glass hodoscope. The results agree with the positive polarization values found in earlier Argonne National Laboratory data at −t<0.35 (GeV/c)2. P(t) drops to a small value near t=−0.6 (GeV/c)2 and remains the same out to t=−1.8 (GeV/c)2.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in backward pi+ p elastic scattering at 1.60, 1.80, 2.11, and 2.31 gev/c

Burleson, G. ; Hill, D. ; Kato, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 26 (1971) 338-340, 1971.
Inspire Record 69051 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21558

Measurements of polarization in π+p elastic scattering have been made at 1.60, 1.80, 2.11, and 2.31 GeVc. The data cover the entire angular range, with emphasis on the backward region. Comparisons have been made with both u-channel and t-channel models, as well as with predictions of phase-shift analyses. While the agreement is generally poor in all cases, the best agreement is with some t-channel predictions.

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Single spin asymmetries in inclusive charged pion production by transversely polarized anti-protons

The Fermilab E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 2626-2629, 1996.
Inspire Record 419445 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42283

The analyzing power AN in inclusive π− and π+ production has been measured with a 200 GeV/c transversely polarized antiproton beam over a wide xF range (0.2≤xF≤0.9) and at moderate pT (0.2≤pT≤1.5GeV/c). The asymmetry AN increases with increasing xF from zero to large positive values for π−'s, and decreases from zero to large negative values for π+'s. A threshold for the onset of the asymmetry is observed about pT∼0.5GeV/c, below which AN is essentially zero and above which AN increases (decreases) with pT for π−'s ( π+'s) in the covered pT range.

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$\Lambda^0$ Polarization in 800 GeV/c $pp \to p_f (\Lambda^0 K^+$)

The E690 collaboration Felix, J. ; Berisso, M.C. ; Christian, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 061801, 2002.
Inspire Record 560899 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42919

We report results from a study of Λ0 polarization in the exclusive reaction pp→pf(Λ0K+) at 800−GeV/c. We observe a dependence of the polarization on the Λ0K+ invariant mass with large (+71%) positive polarization at small mass (1.63−GeV/c2) and large (−43%) negative polarization at large mass (2.75−GeV/c2). This observation confirms the result of the CERN ISR R608 experiment and extends the range over which the effect is observed. The strong dependence of the polarization on the Λ0K+ invariant mass suggests that the origin of the polarization is closely related to the production dynamics of the diffractively produced Λ0K+ system.

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Polarization of $J/\psi$ and $\psi_{2S}$ Mesons Produced in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 132001, 2007.
Inspire Record 747876 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42742

We have measured the polarizations of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons as functions of their transverse momentum pT when they are produced promptly in the rapidity range |y|<0.6 with pT≥5  GeV/c. The analysis is performed using a data sample with an integrated luminosity of about 800  pb−1 collected by the CDF II detector. For both vector mesons, we find that the polarizations become increasingly longitudinal as pT increases from 5 to 30  GeV/c. These results are compared to the predictions of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics and other contemporary models. The effective polarizations of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons from B-hadron decays are also reported.

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$\Xi^0$ and $\bar{\Xi}^0$ Polarization Measurements at 800-GeV/c

The KTeV collaboration Abouzaid, E. ; Alavi-Harati, A. ; Alexopoulos, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 75 (2007) 012005, 2007.
Inspire Record 722906 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41797

The polarization of neutral Cascade and anti-Cascade hyperons produced by 800 GeV/c protons on a BeO target at a fixed targeting angle of 4.8 mrad is measured by the KTeV experiment at Fermilab. Our result of 9.7% for the neutral Cascade polarization shows no significant energy dependence when compared to a result obtained at 400 GeV/c production energy and at twice our targeting angle. The polarization of the neutral anti-Cascade is measured for the first time and found to be consistent with zero. We also examine the dependence of polarization on transverse production momentum.

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Measurement of $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)$ polarization in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 2886-2891, 2000.
Inspire Record 526553 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42989

We have measured the polarization of J/Psi and Psi(2S) mesons produced in p\bar{p} collisions at \sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV, using data collected at CDF during 1992-95. The polarization of promptly produced J/Psi [Psi(2S)] mesons is isolated from those produced in B-hadron decay, and measured over the kinematic range 4[5.5] < P_T < 20 GeV/c and |y| < 0.6. For P_T \gessim 12 GeV/c we do not observe significant polarization in the prompt component.

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$\Upsilon$ Production and Polarization in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 1.8-TeV

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 161802, 2002.
Inspire Record 569269 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42894

We report on measurements of the ϒ(1S), ϒ(2S), and ϒ(3S) differential cross sections (d2σ/dpTdy)|y|<0.4, as well as on the ϒ(1S) polarization in pp¯ collisions at s=1.8TeV using a sample of 77±3pb−1 collected by the collider detector at Fermilab. The three resonances were reconstructed through the decay ϒ→μ+μ−. The measured angular distribution of the muons in the ϒ(1S) rest frame is consistent with unpolarized meson production.

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Large x(F) spin asymmetry in pi0 production by 200-GeV polarized protons

The E581 & E704 collaborations Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 56 (1992) 181-184, 1992.
Inspire Record 314230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14557

The spin asymmetryAN for inclusive π0 production by 200-GeV transversely-polarized protons on a liquid hydrogen target has been measured at Fermilab over a wide range ofxF, with 0.5<pT<2 GeV/c. AtxF>0.3, the asymmetry rises with increasingxF and reaches a value ofAN=0.15±0.03 in the region 0.6<xF<0.8. This result provides new input regarding the question of the internal spin structure of transversely-polarized protons.

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Measurement of the Omega- magnetic moment

Diehl, H.T. ; Teige, S. ; Thomson, G.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 67 (1991) 804-807, 1991.
Inspire Record 317788 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19879

A sample of 24 700 Ω− hyperons was produced by a prolarized neutral beam in a spin-transfer reaction. The Ω− polarizations are found to be -0.054±0.019 and -0.149±0.055 at mean Ω− momenta of 322 and 398 GeV/c, respectively. The directions of these polarizations give an Ω− magnetic moment of -(1.94±0.17±0.14)μN

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Measurement of the pi+ p and pi- p Polarization Parameters at 100-GeV/c

Auer, I.P. ; Hill, D. ; Sandler, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 313, 1977.
Inspire Record 121138 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20982

We report measurements of the polarization parameters in π+p and π−p elastic scattering at an incident momentum of 100 GeV/c. The results cover the range 0.18<~−t<~1.4 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions.

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Polarization of omega- hyperons produced in 800-GeV proton - beryllium collisions

Luk, K.B. ; James, C. ; Rameika, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 70 (1993) 900-903, 1993.
Inspire Record 345978 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19740

The polarization of 103 211 Ω− hyperons produced in 800 GeV proton-beryllium inclusive reactions has been measured. Between 0.3<xF<0.7 and 0.5<pt<1.3 GeV/c, the Ω− polarization is found to be consistent with zero, with a mean value of -0.01±0.01 at 〈xF〉=0.5 and 〈pt〉=0.95 GeV/c. This behavior is similar to that of Λ¯0, which also does not have any quarks in common with the incident proton, but is different from Ξ¯+, which is significantly polarized in the same kinematic region.

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Polarization of Xi- hyperons produced by 800-GeV protons

Duryea, J. ; Guglielmo, G. ; Heller, Kenneth J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 67 (1991) 1193-1196, 1991.
Inspire Record 322767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19903

The polarization PΞ− of Ξ− hyperons produced by 800-GeV protons has been measured for xF from 0.3 to 0.7 and pT from 0.5 to 1.5 GeV/c. PΞ− has a pT dependence similar to that of the Λ but has a different xF behavior. Also, an energy dependence of PΞ− has been observed.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in k+ p elastic scattering

Barnett, B.A. ; Laasanen, A.T. ; Koehler, P.F.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 8 (1973) 2751-2764, 1973.
Inspire Record 93326 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22081

Full angular distributions of the polarization parameter in elastic K+p scattering at 1.37, 1.45, 1.60, 1.71, 1.80, 1.89, 2.11, and 2.31 GeV/c are presented. These data were obtained in an experiment at the Zero Gradient Synchrotron using a polarized proton target with arrays of scintillation and Čerenkov counters to detect the scattered particles.

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Study of $\Lambda^0$ polarization in four different exclusive $p p$ reactions at 27.5-GeV/c

Felix, J. ; Avilez, C. ; Christian, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 5213-5216, 1999.
Inspire Record 457464 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19473

We have measured the xF and PT dependence of the polarization of Λ0 hyperons produced in exclusive final states pp→pΛ0K+π+π−, pp→pΛ0K+π+π−π+π−, pp→pΛ0K+π+π−π+π−π+π−, and pp→pΛ0K+π+π−π+π−π+π−π+π− at 27.5 GeV/ c. We present an empirical parametrization for Λ0 polarization as a function of xF and PT: P=(−0.443±0.037)xFPT for −1≤xF≤1 and 0≤PT≤1.8GeV/c. This parametrization is independent of the final state and provides a good description of the data. We note that the mechanism responsible for Λ0 polarization appears to be independent of the production mechanism.

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Analyzing power measurement in inclusive Lambda0 production with a 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam

The E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 3073-3077, 1995.
Inspire Record 406598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19610

The considerable polarization of hyperons produced at high xF has been known for a long time and has been interpreted with various theoretical models in terms of the constituents' spin. Recently, the analyzing power in inclusive Λ0 hyperon production has also been measured using the 200GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. The covered kinematic range is 0.2≤xF≤1.0 and 0.1≤pT≤1.5GeV/c. The data indicate a negative asymmetry at large xF and moderate pT. These results can further test the current ideas on the underlying mechanisms for hyperon polarization.

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Polarization of Xi- and Omega- hyperons produced from neutral beams

Woods, D.M. ; Border, P.M. ; Ciampa, D.P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 54 (1996) 6610-6619, 1996.
Inspire Record 424017 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22323

We have studied the polarization of Ξ− and Ω− hyperons produced by high energy neutral particle beams. An unpolarized neutral beam striking a target at ±1.8 mrad produced 1.4×107Ξ−'s with an average momentum of 395 GeV/c which were unpolarized, within a sensitivity limit of 0.007, and 2.2 × 105 Ω−'s with a polarization of +0.042±0.007 at an average momentum of 374 GeV/c. A polarized neutral beam striking a target at 0.0 mrad produced 7.1×105Ξ−'s which had a polarization of -0.118±0.004 at an average momentum of 393 GeV/c and 1.8 × 104 Ω−'s with a polarization of -0.069±0.023 at an average momentum of 394 GeV/c. The polarized neutral beam measurement is in good agreement with a previous measurement. The unpolarized neutral beam results are not understood in the context of the current models of hyperon polarization.

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Production polarization and magnetic moment of anti-XI+ anti-hyperons produced by 800-GeV/c protons

Ho, P.M. ; Longo, M.J. ; Nguyen, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 65 (1990) 1713-1716, 1990.
Inspire Record 296567 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22752

The polarization of Ξ¯ + hyperons produced by 800-GeV/c protons in the inclusive reaction p+Be→Ξ¯ ++X has been measured. The average polarization of the Ξ¯ +, at a mean xF=0.39 and pt=0.76 GeV/c, is -0.097±0.012±0.009. The magnetic moment of the Ξ¯ + is 0.657±0.028±0.020 nuclear magneton.

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Analyzing power measurement of p p elastic scattering in the Coulomb - nuclear interference region with the 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam at Fermilab

The E581/704 collaboration Akchurin, N. ; Langland, J. ; Onel, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 3026-3036, 1993.
Inspire Record 364576 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22670

The analyzing power AN of proton-proton elastic scattering in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region has been measured using the 200-GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. A theoretically predicted interference between the hadronic non-spin-flip amplitude and the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude is shown for the first time to be present at high energies in the region of 1.5 × 10−3 to 5.0 × 10−2 (GeV/c)2 four-momentum transfer squared, and our results are analyzed in connection with theoretical calculations. In addition, the role of possible contributions of the hadronic spin-flip amplitude is discussed.

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Angular analysis of the decay $B^0 \to K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ from pp collisions at $\sqrt s = 8$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 753 (2016) 424-448, 2016.
Inspire Record 1385600 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17057

The angular distributions and the differential branching fraction of the decay B0 to K*0(892) mu mu are studied using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.5 inverse femtobarns collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. From 1430 signal decays, the forward-backward asymmetry of the muons, the K*0(892) longitudinal polarization fraction, and the differential branching fraction are determined as a function of the dimuon invariant mass squared. The measurements are among the most precise to date and are in good agreement with standard model predictions.

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Observation of polarization in bottomonium production at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

The NuSea collaboration Brown, C.N. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 2529-2532, 2001.
Inspire Record 536629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19423

We present a measurement of the polarization observed for bottomonium states produced in p-Cu collisions at sqrt(s)=38.8 GeV. The angular distribution of the decay dimuons of the Upsilon(1S) state show no polarization at small xF and pT but significant positive transverse production polarization for either pT > 1.8 GeV/c or for xF > 0.35. The Upsilon(2S+3S) unresolved states show a large transverse production polarization at all values of xF and pT measured. These observations are compared with an NRQCD calculation that predicts a transverse polarization in bottomonium production arising from quark-antiquark fusion and gluon-gluon fusion diagrams.

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