Rho0 Production in 205-GeV/c p p Interactions

Singer, R. ; Fields, T.H. ; Hyman, L.G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 60 (1976) 385-388, 1976.
Inspire Record 2818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6484

Inclusive and semi-inclusive ρ 0 production are studied in 205 GeV/ c pp interactions. The number of ρ 0 per inelastic event is 0.33 ± 0.06, so that (13 ± 2)% of the π − are products of ϱ 0 decay. The ρ 0 are found to be produced mainly near y = 0 and tend to have larger average transverse momentum than do pions.

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Measurement of the ratio of the production cross sections times branching fractions of $B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm}$ and $B^{\pm} \to J/\psi K^{\pm}$ and $\mathcal{B}(B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm}\pi^{\pm}\pi^{\mp})/\mathcal{B}(B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm})$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2015) 063, 2015.
Inspire Record 1323075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39386

The ratio of the production cross sections times branching fractions (sigma(Bc+) B(Bc+ to J/psi pi+))/ (sigma(B+) B(B+ to J/psi K+)) is studied in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The kinematic region investigated requires Bc+/- and B+/- mesons with transverse momentum pt > 15 GeV and rapidity abs(y) < 1.6. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.1 inverse femtobarns. The ratio is determined to be [0.48 +/- 0.05 (stat) +/- 0.03 (syst) +/- 0.05 (tau_{Bc})]% The J/psi pi+/- pi+/- pi-/+ decay mode is also observed in the same data sample. Using a model-independent method developed to measure the efficiency given the presence of resonant behaviour in the three-pion system, the ratio of the branching fractions B(Bc+/- to J/psi pi+/- pi+/- pi-/+) / B(Bc+/- to J/psi pi+/-) is measured to be 2.55 +/- 0.80 (stat) +/- 0.33 (syst) +0.04/-0.01 (tau[Bc+]), consistent with the previous LHCb result.

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Results from E735 at the tevatron $p\bar{p}$ collider with $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.8-TeV

The E735 collaboration Lindsey, Clark S. ; Alexopoulos, T. ; Allen, C. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 544 (1992) 343-356, 1992.
Inspire Record 322633 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43062

Experiment E735 searched for evidence of the transition to quark-gluon plasma in p p collisions at √ s = 1.8 TeV. Using data from a high statistics run in 1988–1989, results are presented on multiplicity distributions, hyperon and phi production, and Bose-Einstein correlations. Some data were also taken at lower collision energies and results will be compared to previous experiments.

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Measurement of the cross section for $W^-$ boson production in association with jets in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, J. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 77 (2008) 011108, 2008.
Inspire Record 768579 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42714

We present a measurement of the cross section for W-boson production in association with jets in pbarp collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96$ TeV. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 320 pb^-1 collected with the CDF II detector. W bosons are identified in their electron decay channel and jets are reconstructed using a cone algorithm. For each W+>= n-jet sample ($n= 1 - 4$) we measure sigma(ppbar =>W+>=n$-jet)x BR(W => e nu) with respect to the transverse energy E_T of the n^th-highest E_T jet above 20 GeV, for a restricted W => e nu decay phase space. The cross sections, corrected for all detector effects, can be directly compared to particle level W+ jet(s) predictions. We present here comparisons to leading order and next-to-leading order predictions.

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Measurement of $W$ and $Z$ boson production cross sections

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 60 (1999) 052003, 1999.
Inspire Record 494696 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42125

DO has measured the inclusive production cross section of W and Z bosons in a sample of 13 pb$^{-1}$ of data collected at the Fermilab Tevatron. The cross sections, multiplied by their leptonic branching fractions, for production in pbar-p collisions at sqrt{s}=1.8 TeV are sigma_W*B(W->e nu) = 2.36+-0.02+-0.08+-0.13 nb, sigma_W*B(W->mu nu) = 2.09+-0.06+-0.22+-0.11 nb, sigma_Z*B(Z->e+ e-) = 0.218+-0.008+-0.008+-0.012 nb, and sigma_Z*B(Z->mu+ mu-) = 0.178+-0.022+-0.021+-0.009 nb, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic; the third reflects the uncertainty in the integrated luminosity. For the combined electron and muon analyses, we find sigma_W*B(W->l mu)/sigma_Z*B(Z->l+ l-) = 10.90+-0.52. Assuming standard model couplings, we use this result to determine the width of the W boson, and obtain Gamma(W) = 2.044+-0.097 GeV.

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PRODUCTION OF PHOTONS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PSI BY 217-GEV/C PI- MESONS

Kirk, T.B.W. ; Raja, R. ; Goodman, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 42 (1979) 619-622, 1979.
Inspire Record 145303 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20780

Dimuon production is studied in 217-GeV/c π−-hydrogen and π−-beryllium collisions with a lead-glass array to detect photons associated with the ψ. The ψ−γ mass spectrum shows a 2.6-standard-deviation excess of events above background at ∼3.5 GeV. This excess, if attributed to the decay χ(∼3.5)→ψγ, implies that 0.70±0.28 of the ψ's are produced via radiative decay of one of the χ states.

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Mass identified particle production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 300-GeV, 540-GeV, 1000-GeV, and 1800-GeV

The E735 collaboration Alexopoulos, T. ; Allen, C. ; Anderson, E.W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 984-997, 1993.
Inspire Record 363171 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22669

The yields and average transverse momenta of pions, kaons, and antiprotons produced at the Fermilab p¯p collider at s=300, 540, 1000, and 1800 GeV are presented and compared with data from the energies reached at the CERN collider. We also present data on the dependence of average transverse momentum 〈pt〉 and particle ratios as a function of charged particle density dNcdη; data for particle densities as high as six times the average value, corresponding to a Bjorken energy density 6 GeV/fm3, are reported. These data are relevant to the search for quark-gluon phase of QCD.

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Production of $\chi_{c1}$ and $\chi_{c2}$ in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 3963-3968, 2001.
Inspire Record 557478 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19422

We have measured the ratio of prompt production rates of the charmonium states χc1 and χc2 in 110pb−1 of pp¯ collisions at s=1.8TeV. The photon from their decay into J/ψγ is reconstructed through conversion into e+e− pairs. The energy resolution this technique provides makes the resolution of the two states possible. We find the ratio of production cross sections σχc2σχc1=0.96±0.27(stat)±0.11(syst) for events with pT(J/ψ)>4.0GeV/c, |η(J/ψ)|<0.6, and pT(γ)>1.0GeV/c.

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Measurement of the Relative Prompt Production Rate of $\chi_{c2}$ and $\chi_{c1}$ in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 72 (2012) 2251, 2012.
Inspire Record 1189050 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16150

A measurement is presented of the relative prompt production rate of chi(c2) and chi(c1) with 4.6 inverse femtobarns of data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV. The two states are measured via their radiative decays chi(c) to J/psi + gamma, with the photon converting into a dielectron pair for J/psi rapidity abs(y(J/psi)) < 1.0 and photon transverse momentum pt(gamma) > 0.5 GeV. The measurement is given for six intervals of pt(J/psi) between 7 and 25 GeV. The results are compared to theoretical predictions.

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A Measurement of the proton-antiproton total cross-section at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.8-TeV

The E811 collaboration Avila, C. ; Baker, W.F. ; DeSalvo, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 445 (1999) 419-422, 1999.
Inspire Record 478392 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28126

We report a measurement of the p p ̄ total cross section at s =1.8 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider, using the luminosity independent method. Our result is σ T =71.71±2.02 mb. We also obtained values of the total elastic and total inelastic cross sections.

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Inclusive rho0 Production in pi- p Interactions at 205-GeV/c

Winkelmann, F.C. ; Bingham, H.H. ; Chew, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 56 (1975) 101-104, 1975.
Inspire Record 91206 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27880

The inclusive ϱ ° production cross section has been measured in the reaction π − p → π + π − X at 205 GeV/ c . We find σ ( ϱ ° ) = 13.5 ± 3.4 mb, with most of the production occuring in the central region. Assuming σ ( ϱ + ) ≈ σ ( ϱ − ) ≈ σ ( ϱ ° ), it is concluded that approximately one-third of the pions at this energy come from ϱ -decay.

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Measurement of J / psi, psi-prime and upsilon total cross-sections in 800-GeV/c p - Si interactions

The E771 collaboration Alexopoulos, T ; Antoniazzi, L ; Arenton, M ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 374 (1996) 271-276, 1996.
Inspire Record 400873 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42316

We report on the analysis of Charmonium and Bottomium states produced in p-Si interactions at s =38.7 GeV . The data have been collected with the open geometry spectrometer of the E771 Experiment at the FNAL High Intensity Lab. J ψ , ψ′ and γ total cross sections as well as the ratio B(ψ′ → μμ)σ(ψ′) (B( J ψ → μμ)σ( J ψ )) have been measured. Results are compared with theoretical predictions and with results at other energies.

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Charm - anti-charm asymmetries in high-energy photoproduction

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 370 (1996) 222-232, 1996.
Inspire Record 415573 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42320

We report measurements of charm particle production asymmetries from the Fermilab photoproduction experiment E687. An asymmetry in the rate of production of charm versus anticharm particles is expected to arise primarily from fragmentation effects. We observe statistically significant asymmetries in the photoproduction of D + , D ∗+ and D 0 mesons and find small (but statistically weak) asymmetries in the production of the D s + meson and the Λ c + baryon. Our inclusive photoproduction asymmetries are compared to predictions from nonperturbative models of charm quark fragmentation.

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$\Upsilon$ production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amendolia, S.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 4358, 1995.
Inspire Record 398187 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42349

We report on measurements of the ϒ(1S), ϒ(2S), and ϒ(3S) differential, (d2σdPtdy)y=0, and integrated cross sections in pp¯ collisions at s=1.8 TeV using a sample of 16.6 ± 0.6 pb−1 collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The three resonances were reconstructed through the decay ϒ→μ+μ−. Comparison is made to a leading order QCD prediction.

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Search for the decay D0 ---> mu+ mu-

The E789 collaboration Mishra, C.S. ; Brown, C.N. ; Cooper, W.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 50 (1994) R9-R12, 1994.
Inspire Record 374150 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42371

Using a silicon-microstrip detector array to identify secondary vertices occurring downstream of a short platinum target, we have searched for the decay D0→μ+μ−. Normalized relative to the J/ψ→μ+μ− signal observed in the same data sample, for a 3.25-mm minimum decay distance our branching-ratio sensitivity is (4.8±1.4)×10−6 per event, and after background subtraction we observe -4.1±4.8 events. Using the statistical approach advocated by the Particle Data Group, we obtain a limit B(D0→μ+μ−)<3.1×10−5 at 90% confidence, confirming with a different technique the limit previously obtained by Louis et al. The interpretation of the upper limit involves complex statistical issues; we present another approach which is more suitable for combining the results of different experiments.

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Search for the Lepton Number Violating Process $\bar{\nu}_{\mu} e^- \to \mu^- \bar{\nu}_e$

The NuTeV collaboration Formaggio, J.A. ; Yu, J. ; Yu, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 071803, 2001.
Inspire Record 555474 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42668

The NuTeV experiment at Fermilab has used a sign-selected neutrino beam to perform a search for the lepton number violating process $\bar{\nu}_mu e^- \to \mu^- \bar{\nu}_e$, and to measure the cross-section of the Standard Model inverse muon decay process $\nu_{\mu} e^- \to \mu^- \nu_e$. NuTeV measures the inverse muon decay asymptotic cross-section $\sigma/E$ to be 13.8 $\pm$ 1.2 $\pm$ 1.4 x $10^{-42} cm^2$/GeV. The experiment also observes no evidence for lepton number violation and places one of the most restrictive limits on the LNV/IMD cross-section ratio at $\sigma (\bar{\nu}_{\mu} e^- \to \mu^- \bar{\nu}_e) /\sigma (\nu_{\mu}e^- \to \mu^- \nu_e$) $\le$ 1.7% at 90% C.L. for V-A couplings and $\le$ 0.6% for scalar couplings.

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Evidence of the Cabibbo suppressed decay Lambda(c)+ ---> p K- K+

The E687 collaboration Frabetti, P.L. ; Cheung, H.W.K. ; Cumalat, John P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 314 (1993) 477-481, 1993.
Inspire Record 356600 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42675

We report evidence for the Cabibbo-suppressed decay of the charm baryon Λ c + into the final state pK − K + . The analysis is performed on data collected by high energy photoproduction experiment E687 during the 1990–1991 Fermilab fixed target run. The branching ratio of the decay Λ c + → pK − K + relative to the non-suppressed Λ c + → pK − π + is measured to be BR( pK − K + / pK − π + ) = 0.096 ± 0.029 ± 0.010. The upper limit of the decay into pø relative to the inclusive pK − K + decay is measured to be BR( pø / pK − K + < 58% at the 90% confidence level.

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Branching Ratio Measurements of Exclusive $B^{+}$ Decays to Charmonium with the Collider Detector at Fermilab

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 66 (2002) 052005, 2002.
Inspire Record 588090 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56734

We report on measurements of the branching ratios of the decays B+→χc10(1P)K+ and B+→J/ψK+π+π−, where χc10(1P)→J/ψγ and J/ψ→μ+μ− in pp¯ collisions at s=1.8TeV. Using a data sample from an integrated luminosity of 110pb−1 collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab we measure the branching ratios to be BR(B+→χc10(1P)K+)=15.5±5.4(stat)±1.5(syst)±1.3(br)×10−4 and BR(B+→J/ψK+π+π−)=6.9±1.8(stat)±1.1(syst)±0.4(br)×10−4 where (br) is due to the finite precision on BR(B+→J/ψK+), BR(χc10(1P)→J/ψγ) is used to normalize the signal yield, and (syst) encompasses all other systematic uncertainties.

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Measurement of the branching fraction $B(B_u^+ \to J/\psi \pi^+)$ and search for $B_c^+ \to J/\psi \pi^+$

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 5176-5181, 1996.
Inspire Record 423148 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50101

We report on a measurement of the branching fraction of the Cabibbo-suppressed decay Bu+→J/ψπ+, where J/ψ→μ+μ−. The data were collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab during 1992–1995 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 110pb−1 in p¯p collisions at s=1.8TeV. A signal of 28−9+10 events is observed and we determine the ratio of branching fractions B(Bu+→J/ψπ+)/B(Bu+→J/ψK+) to be [5.0−1.7+1.9(stat)±0.1(syst)]%. Using the world average value for B(Bu+→J/ψK+), we calculate the branching fraction B(Bu+→J/ψπ+) to be (5.0−1.9+2.1)×10−5. We also search for the decay Bc+→J/ψπ+ and report a 95% confidence level limit on σ(Bc+)B(Bc+→J/ψπ+)/σ(Bu+)B(Bu+→J/ψK+) as a function of the Bc+ lifetime.

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Production of $\Upsilon(1S)$ mesons from $\chi_b$ decays in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 2094-2099, 2000.
Inspire Record 508395 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50106

We have reconstructed the radiative decays $\chi_{b}(1P) \to \Upsilon(1S) \gamma $ and $\chi_{b}(2P) \to \Upsilon(1S) \gamma $ in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV, and measured the fraction of $\Upsilon(1S)$ mesons that originate from these decays. For $\Upsilon(1S)$ mesons with $p^{\Upsilon}_{T}>8.0$ GeV/$c$, the fractions that come from $\chi_{b}(1P)$ and $\chi_{b}(2P)$ decays are $(27.1\pm6.9(stat)\pm4.4(sys))%$ and $(10.5\pm4.4(stat)\pm1.4(sys))%$, respectively. We have derived the fraction of directly produced $\Upsilon(1S)$ mesons to be $(50.9\pm8.2(stat)\pm9.0(sys))%$.

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Observation of exclusive charmonium production and $\gamma+\gamma$ to $\mu^+\mu^-$ in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 102 (2009) 242001, 2009.
Inspire Record 812821 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55758

We have observed the reactions p+pbar --> p+X+pbar, with X being a centrally produced J/psi, psi(2S) or chi_c0, and gamma+gamma --> mu+mu-, in proton- antiproton collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV using the Run II Collider Detector at Fermilab. The event signature requires two oppositely charged muons, each with pseudorapidity |eta| < 0.6, with M(mumu) in [3.0,4.0] GeV/c2, and either no other particles, or one additional photon, detected. The J/psi and the psi(2S) are prominent, on a continuum consistent with the QED process gamma+gamma --> mu+mu-. Events with a J/psi and an associated photon candidate are consistent with exclusive chi_c0 production through double pomeron exchange. The exclusive vector meson production is as expected for elastic photo- production, gamma+p --> J/psi(psi(2S)) + p, which is observed here for the first time in hadron-hadron collisions. The cross sections ds/dy(y=0) for p + pbar --> p + X + pbar with X = J/psi, psi(2S) orchi_c0 are 3.92+/-0.62 nb, 0.53+/-0.14 nb, and 75+/-14 nb respectively. The cross section for the continuum, with |eta(mu+/-)| < 0.6, M(mumu) in [3.0,4.0] GeV/c2, is [Integral ds/(dM.deta1.deta2)] = 2.7+/-0.5 pb, consistent with QED predictions. We put an upper limit on the cross section for odderon exchange in J/psi production: ds/dy(y=0) (J/psi_O/IP) < 2.3 nb at 95% C.L.

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Observation of Diffractive $J/\psi$ Production at the Fermilab Tevatron

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 241802, 2001.
Inspire Record 560628 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55764

We report the first observation of diffractive $J/\psi(\to \mu^+\mu^-)$ production in $\bar pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=1.8 TeV. Diffractive events are identified by their rapidity gap signature. In a sample of events with two muons of transverse momentum $p_T^{\mu}>2$ GeV/$c$ within the pseudorapidity region $|\eta|<$1.0, the ratio of diffractive to total $J/\psi$ production rates is found to be $R_{J/\psi}= [1.45\pm 0.25]%$. The ratio $R_{J/\psi}(x)$ is presented as a function of $x$-Bjorken. By combining it with our previously measured corresponding ratio $R_{jj}(x)$ for diffractive dijet production, we extract a value of $0.59\pm 0.15$ for the gluon fraction of the diffractive structure function of the proton.

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Measurement of the $X$(3872) Production Cross Section Via Decays to $J/\psi \pi^+ \pi^-$ in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2013) 154, 2013.
Inspire Record 1219950 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60421

The production of the X(3872) is studied in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, using decays to J/psi pi pi, where the J/psi decays to two muons. The data were recorded by the CMS experiment and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.8 inverse femtobarns. The measurements are performed in a kinematic range in which the X(3872) candidates have a transverse momentum 10 < pt < 50 GeV and rapidity abs(y) < 1.2. The ratio of the X(3872) and psi(2S) cross sections times their branching fractions into J/psi pi pi is measured as a function of pt. In addition, the fraction of X(3872) originating from B decays is determined. From these measurements the prompt X(3872) differential cross section times branching fraction as a function of pt is extracted. The pi pi mass spectrum of the J/psi pi pi system in the X(3872) decays is also investigated.

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Measurement of $\sigma_{\chi_{c2}}{\cal B}(\chi_{c2} \to J/\psi \gamma)/\sigma_{\chi_{c1}} {\cal B}(\chi_{c1} \to J/\psi \gamma)$ in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 232001, 2007.
Inspire Record 746743 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57248

We measure the ratio of cross section times branching fraction, $R_p \equiv \sigma_{\chi_{c2}} {\cal B}(\chi_{c2} \to J/\psi \gamma)/ \sigma_{\chi_{c1}} {\cal B}(\chi_{c1} \to J/\psi \gamma)$, in 1.1 fb$^{-1}$ of $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 1.96 TeV. This measurement covers the kinematic range $p_T(J/\psi)>4.0$ GeV/$c$, $|\eta(J/\psi)| < 1.0$, and $p_T(\gamma)>1.0$ GeV/$c$. For events due to prompt processes, we find $R_p = 0.395\pm0.016(stat.)\pm0.015(sys.)$. This result represents a significant improvement in precision over previous measurements of prompt $\chi_{c1,2}$ hadroproduction.

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Measurement of Associated W + Charm Production in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2014) 013, 2014.
Inspire Record 1256938 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63113

Measurements are presented of the associated production of a W boson and a charm-quark jet (W + c) in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The analysis is conducted with a data sample corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 5 inverse femtobarns, collected by the CMS detector at the LHC. W boson candidates are identified by their decay into a charged lepton (muon or electron) and a neutrino. The W + c measurements are performed for charm-quark jets in the kinematic region $p_T^{jet} \gt$ 25 GeV, $|\eta^{jet}| \lt$ 2.5, for two different thresholds for the transverse momentum of the lepton from the W-boson decay, and in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta^{\ell}| \lt$ 2.1. Hadronic and inclusive semileptonic decays of charm hadrons are used to measure the following total cross sections: $\sigma(pp \to W + c + X) \times B(W \to \ell \nu)$ = 107.7 +/- 3.3 (stat.) +/- 6.9 (syst.) pb ($p_T^{\ell} \gt$ 25 GeV) and $\sigma(pp \to W + c + X) \times B(W \to \ell \nu)$ = 84.1 +/- 2.0 (stat.) +/- 4.9 (syst.) pb ($p_T^{\ell} \gt$ 35 GeV), and the cross section ratios $\sigma(pp \to W^+ + \bar{c} + X)/\sigma(pp \to W^- + c + X)$ = 0.954 +/- 0.025 (stat.) +/- 0.004 (syst.) ($p_T^{\ell} \gt$ 25 GeV) and $\sigma(pp \to W^+ + \bar{c} + X)\sigma(pp \to W^- + c + X)$ = 0.938 +/- 0.019 (stat.) +/- 0.006 (syst.) ($p_T^{\ell} \gt$ 35 GeV). Cross sections and cross section ratios are also measured differentially with respect to the absolute value of the pseudorapidity of the lepton from the W-boson decay. These are the first measurements from the LHC directly sensitive to the strange quark and antiquark content of the proton. Results are compared with theoretical predictions and are consistent with the predictions based on global fits of parton distribution functions.

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