Production of $\pi^0$ and $\eta$ mesons at large transverse momenta in $pp$ and $pBe$ Interactions at 530 and 800 GeV/c.

The Fermilab E706 collaboration Apanasevich, L. ; Bacigalupi, J. ; Baker, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 68 (2003) 052001, 2003.
Inspire Record 585866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11186

We present results on the production of high transverse momentum pizero and eta mesons in pp and pBe interactions at 530 and 800 GeV/c. The data span the kinematic ranges: 1 < p_T < 10 GeV/c in transverse momentum and 1.5 units in rapidity. The inclusive pizero cross sections are compared with next-to-leading order QCD calculations and to expectations based on a phenomenological parton-k_T model.

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Measurement of Top Quark Polarisation in T-Channel Single Top Quark Production

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2016) 073, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38092

A first measurement of the top quark spin asymmetry, sensitive to the top quark polarisation, in t-channel single top quark production is presented. It is based on a sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse-femtobarns. A high-purity sample of t-channel single top quark events with an isolated muon is selected. Signal and background components are estimated using a fit to data. A differential cross section measurement, corrected for detector effects, of an angular observable sensitive to the top quark polarisation is performed. The differential distribution is used to extract a top quark spin asymmetry of 0.26 +/- 0.03 (stat) +/- 0.10 (syst), which is compatible with a p-value of 4.6% with the standard model prediction of 0.44.

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$\Lambda^0$ Polarization in 800 GeV/c $pp \to p_f (\Lambda^0 K^+$)

The E690 collaboration Felix, J. ; Berisso, M.C. ; Christian, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 061801, 2002.
Inspire Record 560899 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42919

We report results from a study of Λ0 polarization in the exclusive reaction pp→pf(Λ0K+) at 800−GeV/c. We observe a dependence of the polarization on the Λ0K+ invariant mass with large (+71%) positive polarization at small mass (1.63−GeV/c2) and large (−43%) negative polarization at large mass (2.75−GeV/c2). This observation confirms the result of the CERN ISR R608 experiment and extends the range over which the effect is observed. The strong dependence of the polarization on the Λ0K+ invariant mass suggests that the origin of the polarization is closely related to the production dynamics of the diffractively produced Λ0K+ system.

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Measurement of direct photon production at Tevatron fixed target energies

The Fermilab E706 collaboration Apanasevich, L. ; Bacigalupi, J. ; Baker, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 70 (2004) 092009, 2004.
Inspire Record 653834 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42777

Measurements of the production of high transverse momentum direct photons by a 515 GeV/c piminus beam and 530 and 800 GeV/c proton beams in interactions with beryllium and hydrogen targets are presented. The data span the kinematic ranges of 3.5 < p_T < 12 GeV/c in transverse momentum and 1.5 units in rapidity. The inclusive direct-photon cross sections are compared with next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculations and expectations based on a phenomenological parton-k_T model.

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Diffractively produced charm final states in 800-GeV/c p p collisions

Wang, M.H.L.S. ; Berisso, M.C. ; Christian, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 082002, 2001.
Inspire Record 539652 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42947

We report the first observation of diffractively produced open charm in 800−GeV/c pp collisions of the type pp→pD*X. We measure cross sections of σdiff(D*+)=(0.185±0.044±0.054)μb and σdiff(D*−)=(0.174±0.034±0.029)μb. Our measurements are based on 4.3×109 events recorded by FNAL E690 in the fixed-target run of 1991. We compare our results with previous fixed-target charm experiments.

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Measurement of the light anti-quark flavor asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Hawker, E.A. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 80 (1998) 3715-3718, 1998.
Inspire Record 468098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42153

A precise measurement of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on hydrogen and deuterium targets is reported. Over 140,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs with dimuon mass M_{mu+ mu-} >= 4.5 GeV/c^2 were recorded. From these data, the ratio of anti-down (dbar) to anti-up (ubar) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-x. A strong x dependence is observed in the ratio dbar/ubar, showing substantial enhancement of dbar with respect to ubar for x<0.2. This result is in fair agreement with recent parton distribution parameterizations of the sea. For x>0.2, the observed dbar/ubar ratio is much nearer unity than given by the parameterizations.

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Measurement of $\Upsilon$ Production for $p+p$ and $p+d$ Interactions at 800 GeV/c

The NuSea collaboration Zhu, L.Y. ; Reimer, Paul E. ; Mueller, B.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 062301, 2008.
Inspire Record 763967 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42715

We report a high statistics measurement of Upsilon production with an 800 GeV/c proton beam on hydrogen and deuterium targets. The dominance of the gluon-gluon fusion process for Upsilon production at this energy implies that the cross section ratio, $\sigma (p + d \to \Upsilon) / 2\sigma (p + p\to \Upsilon)$, is sensitive to the gluon content in the neutron relative to that in the proton. Over the kinematic region 0 < x_F < 0.6, this ratio is found to be consistent with unity, in striking contrast to the behavior of the Drell-Yan cross section ratio $\sigma(p+d)_{DY}/2\sigma(p+p)_{DY}$. This result shows that the gluon distributions in the proton and neutron are very similar. The Upsilon production cross sections are also compared with the p+d and p+Cu cross sections from earlier measurements.

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Measurement of single spin asymmetry in eta meson production in p (polarized) p and anti-p (polarized) p interactions in the beam fragmentation region at 200-GeV/c

The Fermilab E704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Bonner, B.E. ; Corcoran, M.D. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 510 (1998) 3-11, 1998.
Inspire Record 449811 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51687

We present experimental results on measuring a single spin asymmetry in η-meson production in the interaction of transversely polarized protons and antiprotons at p lab = 200 GeV / c with a proton target in the region 0.2 < x F < 0.7 for p ↑ p , 0.3 < x F < 0.7 for p ̄ ↑p and 0.7 < p T < 2.0 GeV / c . A comparison of single spin asymmetries in π- and η-meson production is made.

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First Measurement of the Underlying Event Activity at the LHC with $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 70 (2010) 555-572, 2010.
Inspire Record 857644 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55126

A measurement of the underlying activity in scattering processes with transverse momentum scale in the GeV region is performed in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Charged hadron production is studied with reference to the direction of a leading object, either a charged particle or a set of charged particles forming a jet. Predictions of several QCD-inspired models as implemented in PYTHIA are compared, after full detector simulation, to the data. The models generally predict too little production of charged hadrons with pseudorapidity eta < 2, p_T > 0.5 GeV/c, and azimuthal direction transverse to that of the leading object.

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Measurement of the ratio of the production cross sections times branching fractions of $B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm}$ and $B^{\pm} \to J/\psi K^{\pm}$ and $\mathcal{B}(B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm}\pi^{\pm}\pi^{\mp})/\mathcal{B}(B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm})$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2015) 063, 2015.
Inspire Record 1323075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39386

The ratio of the production cross sections times branching fractions (sigma(Bc+) B(Bc+ to J/psi pi+))/ (sigma(B+) B(B+ to J/psi K+)) is studied in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The kinematic region investigated requires Bc+/- and B+/- mesons with transverse momentum pt > 15 GeV and rapidity abs(y) < 1.6. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.1 inverse femtobarns. The ratio is determined to be [0.48 +/- 0.05 (stat) +/- 0.03 (syst) +/- 0.05 (tau_{Bc})]% The J/psi pi+/- pi+/- pi-/+ decay mode is also observed in the same data sample. Using a model-independent method developed to measure the efficiency given the presence of resonant behaviour in the three-pion system, the ratio of the branching fractions B(Bc+/- to J/psi pi+/- pi+/- pi-/+) / B(Bc+/- to J/psi pi+/-) is measured to be 2.55 +/- 0.80 (stat) +/- 0.33 (syst) +0.04/-0.01 (tau[Bc+]), consistent with the previous LHCb result.

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