Precise measurement of neutrino and anti-neutrino differential cross sections

The NuTeV collaboration Tzanov, M. ; Naples, D. ; Boyd, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 74 (2006) 012008, 2006.
Inspire Record 691719 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11120

The NuTeV experiment at Fermilab has obtained a unique high statistics sample of neutrino and anti-neutrino interactions using its high-energy sign-selected beam. We present a measurement of the differential cross section for charged-current neutrino and anti-neutrino scattering from iron. Structure functions, F_2(x,Q^2) and xF_3(x,Q^2), are determined by fitting the inelasticity, y, dependence of the cross sections. This measurement has significantly improved systematic precision as a consequence of more precise understanding of hadron and muon energy scales.

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Nucleon Structure Functions from High-Energy Neutrino Interactions with Iron and QCD Results

MacFarlane, D. ; Purohit, M.V. ; Messner, R.L. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 26 (1984) 1-12, 1984.
Inspire Record 195928 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16212

Nucleon structure functions obtained from neutrino and anti-neutrino scattering on iron nuclei at high energies (Ev=30 to 250 GeV) are presented. These results are compared with the results of other lepton-nucleon scattering experiments. The structure functions are used to test the validity of the Gross-Llewellyn-smith sum rule, which measures the number of valence quarks in the nucleons, and to obtain leading and second order QCD fits.

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Nucleon structure functions from high energy neutrino interactions

Oltman, E. ; Auchincloss, Priscilla S. ; Blair, R.E. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 53 (1992) 51-71, 1992.
Inspire Record 335706 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1433

Structure functions obtained from high energy neutrino and antineutrino scattering from an iron target are presented. These were extracted from the combined data of Fermilab experiments E616 and E701; these utilized narrow band beam runs between 1979–1982. The structure functions are used to test the validity of quarkparton model (QPM) predictions and to extract the QCD scale parameter Λ from fits to the Altarelli-Parisi equations.

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Nucleon neutral current structure functions

Mattison, T.S. ; Bofill, J. ; Busza, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 42 (1990) 1311-1330, 1990.
Inspire Record 304879 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22924

The structure of the nucleon is studied by means of deep-inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering at high energies through the weak neutral current. The neutrino-nucleon scattering events were observed in a 340-metric-ton fine-grained calorimeter exposed to a narrow-band (dichromatic) neutrino beam at Fermilab. The data sample after analysis cuts consists of 9200 charged-current and 3000 neutral-current neutrino and antineutrino events. The neutral-current valence and sea nucleon structure functions are extracted from the x distribution reconstructed from the measured angle and energy of the recoil-hadron shower and the incident narrow-band neutrino-beam energy. They are compared to those extracted from charged-current events analyzed as neutral-current events. It is shown that the nucleon structure is independent of the type of neutrino interaction, which confirms an important aspect of the standard model. The data are also used to determine the value of sin2θW=0.238±0.013±0.015±0.010 for a single-parameter fit, where the first error is from statistical sources, the second from experimental systematic errors, and the third from estimated theoretical errors.

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Measurement of kinematic and nuclear dependence of R = sigma-L / sigma-t in deep inelastic electron scattering

Dasu, S. ; deBarbaro, P. ; Bodek, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 49 (1994) 5641-5670, 1994.
Inspire Record 360765 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22468

We report results on a precision measurement of the ratio R=σLσT in deep inelastic electron-nucleon scattering in the kinematic range 0.2≤x≤0.5 and 1≤Q2≤10 (GeV/c)2. Our results show, for the first time, a clear falloff of R with increasing Q2. Our R results are in agreement with QCD predictions only when corrections for target mass effects and some additional higher twist effects are included. At small x, the data on R favor structure functions with a large gluon contribution. We also report results on the differences RA−RD and the cross section ratio σAσD between Fe and Au nuclei and the deuteron. Our results for RA−RD are consistent with zero for all x, Q2 indicating that possible contributions to R from nuclear higher twist effects and spin-0 constituents in nuclei are not different from those in nucleons. The ratios σAσD from all recent experiments, at all x, Q2 values, are now in agreement.

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Measurement of the Nucleon Structure Function in Iron Using 215-GeV and 93-GeV Muons

Clark, A.R. ; Johnson, K.J. ; Kerth, L.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 51 (1983) 1826, 1983.
Inspire Record 191249 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23473

This Letter presents measurements of the nucleon structure function F2(x,Q2) based on the deep-inelastic scattering of 215- and 93-GeV muons in the iron multimuon spectrometer at Fermilab. With use of a lowest-order QCD calculation, a value of ΛLO=230±40(stat.)±80(syst.) MeV/c is found.

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Observation of Diffractive $J/\psi$ Production at the Fermilab Tevatron

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 241802, 2001.
Inspire Record 560628 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55764

We report the first observation of diffractive $J/\psi(\to \mu^+\mu^-)$ production in $\bar pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=1.8 TeV. Diffractive events are identified by their rapidity gap signature. In a sample of events with two muons of transverse momentum $p_T^{\mu}>2$ GeV/$c$ within the pseudorapidity region $|\eta|<$1.0, the ratio of diffractive to total $J/\psi$ production rates is found to be $R_{J/\psi}= [1.45\pm 0.25]%$. The ratio $R_{J/\psi}(x)$ is presented as a function of $x$-Bjorken. By combining it with our previously measured corresponding ratio $R_{jj}(x)$ for diffractive dijet production, we extract a value of $0.59\pm 0.15$ for the gluon fraction of the diffractive structure function of the proton.

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The Fermilab-Serpukhov-Moscow-Michigan collaboration Ammosov, V.V. ; Denisov, A.G. ; Gapienko, G.S. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 199 (1982) 399-423, 1982.
Inspire Record 167339 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41220

We present results on the experimental study of inelastic charged-current antineutrino-nucleon scattering in the energy range of 10–200 GeV. The data sample, consisting of about 6500 antineutrino-induced events, was obtained in the Fermilab 15 ft bubble chamber filled with a heavy neon-hydrogen mixture. The differential cross sections for ν μ N interactions are presented in terms of scaling variables x and y . The structure functions F 2 ν and xF 3 ν have been evaluated as functions of x and E ν . A deviation from the scaling hypothesis, similar to those found in other experiments on inelastic lepton-nucleon scattering, has been observed. The data are interpreted in the framework of the quark-parton model. Quark and antiquark distributions and their energy dependences are presented.

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Proton and deuteron structure functions in muon scattering at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 54 (1996) 3006-3056, 1996.
Inspire Record 416076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42347

The proton and deuteron structure functions F2p and F2d are measured in inelastic muon scattering with an average beam energy of 470 GeV. The data were taken at Fermilab experiment E665 during 1991 and 1992 using liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. The F2 measurements are reported in the range 0.0008<x<0.6 and 0.2<Q2<75 GeV2. These are the first precise measurements of F2 in the low x and Q2 range of the data. In the high x range of the data where they overlap in x and Q2 with the measurements from NMC, the two measurements are in agreement. The E665 data also overlap in x with the DESY HERA data, and there is a smooth connection in Q2 between the two data sets. At high Q2 the E665 measurements are consistent with QCD-evolved leading twist structure function models. The data are qualitatively described by structure function models incorporating the hadronic nature of the photon at low Q2. The Q2 and the W dependence of the data measure the transition in the nature of the photon between a pointlike probe at high Q2 and a hadronic object at low Q2.

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Extraction of the ratio $F2_n / F2_p$ from muon - deuteron and muon - proton scattering at small $x$ and Q**2

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aid, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 1466-1470, 1995.
Inspire Record 393866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42379

The ratio of the deuteron to proton structure functions is measured at very small Bjorken x (down to 10–6) and for Q2>0.001 GeV2 from scattering of 470 GeV muons on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. The ratio F2n/F2p extracted from these measurements is found to be constant, at a value of 0.935±0.008±0.034, for x<0.01. This result suggests the presence of nuclear shadowing effects in the deuteron. The dependence of the ratio on Q2 is also examined; no significant variation is found.

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