Multiplicity of Charged Particles in 800-{GeV} $p p$ Interactions

The LEBC-MPS collaboration Ammar, R. ; Aziz, T. ; Banerjee, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 178 (1986) 124-128, 1986.
Inspire Record 231133 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6558

Results are reported concerning the charged-particle multiplicity distribution obtained in an exposure of the high-resolution hydrogen bubble chamber LEBC to a beam of 800 GeV protons at the Fermilab MPS. This is the first time that such data have been available at this energy. The distribution of the number n ch of charged particles produced in inelastic interactions obeys KNO-scaling. The average multiplicity is 〈 n ch 〉 = 10.26±0.15. For n ch ⩾8 the data can be well fitted to a negative binomial. The difference between the overall experimental multiplicity distribution and that resulting from the latter fit is in agreement with the contribution expected from diffractive processes.

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Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 50 GeV to 400 GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Chiang, I-Hung ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1367-1370, 1973.
Inspire Record 81733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21379

From measurements of proton-proton elastic scattering at very small momentum transfers where the nuclear and Coulomb amplitudes interfere, we have deduced values of ρ, the ratio of the real to the imaginary forward nuclear amplitude, for energies from 50 to 400 GeV. We find that ρ increases from -0.157 ± 0.012 at 51.5 GeV to +0.039 ± 0.012 at 393 GeV, crossing zero at 280 ± 60 GeV.

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A Comparison of the Shapes of pi+ p and p p Diffraction Peaks from 50-GeV/c to 175-GeV/c

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, Robert E. ; Maclay, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 548, 1976.
Inspire Record 108238 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21073

The ratio of π+p to pp elastic scattering is found to be smoothly varying over the range −t=0.03 to 0.4 GeV2. It is well fitted by a single exponential, indicating the forward behavior must be quite similar for the two reactions.

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Measurement of the Slope of the Diffraction Peak for Elastic pp Scattering from 8-GeV to 400-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1088-1091, 1973.
Inspire Record 81722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21381

The slope b(s) of the forward diffraction peak of p−p elastic scattering has been measured in the momentum-transfer-squared range 0.005≲|t|≲0.09 (GeV/c)2 and at incident proton energies from 8 to 400 GeV. We find that b(s) increases with s, and in the interval 100≲s≲750 (GeV)2 it can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′lns with b0=8.23±0.27, α′=0.278±0.024 (GeV/c)−2.

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Small Angle Elastic Proton Proton Scattering from 25-GeV to 200-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1755-1758, 1972.
Inspire Record 73778 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21428

We have measured the differential cross section for small angle p−p scattering from 25 to 200 GeV incident energy and in the momentum transfer range 0.015<|t|<0.080 (GeVc)2. We find that the slope of the forward diffraction peak, b(s), increases with energy and can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′ lns, where b0=8.3±1.3 and α′=0.28±0.13 (GeVc)−2. Such dependence is compatible with the data existing both at higher and lower energies. We have also obtained the energy dependence of the p−p total cross section in the energy range from 48 to 196 GeV. Within our errors which are ± 1.1 mb the total cross section remains constant.

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p p Interactions at 303-GeV/c: Multiplicity and Total Cross-Section.

Dao, F.T. ; Gordon, D. ; Lach, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1627-1630, 1972.
Inspire Record 73776 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21429

In an exposure of the 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber to a 303−GeVc proton beam, 2245 interactions have been observed. The measured total cross section is 39.0±1.0 mb and the average charged particle multiplicity 〈nch〉=8.86±0.16.

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Measurement of Elastic Scattering of Hadrons on Protons from 50-GeV/c to 175-GeV/c

Group, Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer ;
Phys.Rev.Lett. 35 (1975) 1195, 1975.
Inspire Record 98699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21217

Differential cross sections have been measured at Fermilab with a focusing spectrometer for π±p, K±p, and p±p elastic scattering at 50-, 70-, 100-, 140-, and 175-GeV/c incident momentum over the |t| range 0.03 to 0.8 GeV2. The results are smooth in t and are parametrized by quadratic exponential fits.

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Elastic Scattering of Hadrons at 50-GeV to 200-GeV

Akerlof, C.W. ; Kotthaus, R. ; Loveless, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 35 (1975) 1406, 1975.
Inspire Record 2687 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21194

The differential cross section for π±, K±, and p± on hydrogen have been measured in the range 0.07<−t<1.6 (GeV/c)2. The dependence on momentum, momentum, transfer, and particle type are discussed.

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Updated Charged-Particle Multiplicity Distribution from 205-GeV/c Proton Proton Interactions

Barish, S. ; Cho, Y. ; Colley, D.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 9 (1974) 2689, 1974.
Inspire Record 609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21974

The charged-particle multiplicity distribution in 205−GeVc proton-proton interactions is presented. In addition, the total diffractive contributions to each charged multiplicity are estimated assuming a factorizable Pomeron.

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Analyzing power measurement of p p elastic scattering in the Coulomb - nuclear interference region with the 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam at Fermilab

The E581/704 collaboration Akchurin, N. ; Langland, J. ; Onel, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 3026-3036, 1993.
Inspire Record 364576 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22670

The analyzing power AN of proton-proton elastic scattering in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region has been measured using the 200-GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. A theoretically predicted interference between the hadronic non-spin-flip amplitude and the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude is shown for the first time to be present at high energies in the region of 1.5 × 10−3 to 5.0 × 10−2 (GeV/c)2 four-momentum transfer squared, and our results are analyzed in connection with theoretical calculations. In addition, the role of possible contributions of the hadronic spin-flip amplitude is discussed.

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Measurement of the Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 80-GeV to 286-GeV by Means of Silicon Position Sensitive Detectors

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Cool, R.L. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 23 (1976) 400, 1976.
Inspire Record 100255 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19082
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Hadron-Proton Elastic Scattering at 50-GeV/c, 100-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c Momentum

Akerlof, C.W. ; Kotthaus, R. ; Loveless, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 14 (1976) 2864, 1976.
Inspire Record 3655 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24693

Elastic scattering of hadrons on protons has been measured at momenta of 50, 100, and 200 GeV/c. The meson-proton scattering is found to be independent of momentum and meson type for −t>0.8 (GeV/c)2. The momentum dependence of the pp dip at −t=1.4 (GeV/c)2 was investigated. Slope parameters are given.

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$\pi^{\pm} p$, $K^{\pm} p$, $pp$ and $p\bar{p}$ Elastic Scattering from 50-GeV/c to 175-GeV/c

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, R. ; Maclay, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 3105, 1977.
Inspire Record 110409 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24653

The differential cross sections for the elastic scattering of π+, π−, K+, K−, p, and p¯ on protons have been measured in the t interval -0.04 to -0.75 GeV2 at five momenta: 50, 70, 100, 140, and 175 GeV/c. The t distributions have been parametrized by the quadratic exponential form dσdt=Aexp(B|t|+C|t|2) and the energy dependence has been described in terms of a single-pole Regge model. The pp and K+p diffraction peaks are found to shrink with α′∼0.20 and ∼0.15 GeV−2, respectively. The p¯p diffraction peak is antishrinking while π±p and K−p are relatively energy-independent. Total elastic cross sections are calculated by integrating the differential cross sections. The rapid decline in σel observed at low energies has stopped and all six reactions approach relatively constant values of σel. The ratio of σelσtot approaches a constant value for all six reactions by 100 GeV, consistent with the predictions of the geometric-scaling hypothesis. This ratio is ∼0.18 for pp and p¯p, and ∼0.12-0.14 for π±p and K±p. A crossover is observed between K+p and K−p scattering at |t|∼0.19 GeV2, and between pp and p¯p at |t|∼0.11 GeV2. Inversion of the cross sections into impact-parameter space shows that protons are quite transparent to mesons even in head-on collisions. The probability for a meson to pass through a proton head-on without interaction inelastically is ∼20% while it is only ∼6% for an incident proton or antiproton. Finally, the results are compared with various quark-model predictions.

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Analyzing Power Measurements of Coulomb Nuclear Interference With the Polarized Proton and Anti-proton Beams at 185-{GeV}/$c$

The E581/704 collaboration Akchurin, N. ; Carey, David C. ; Coleman, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 229 (1989) 299-303, 1989.
Inspire Record 280476 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29782

The analyzing power A N of proton-proton, proton-hydrocarbon, and antiproton-hydrocarbon, scattering in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region has been measured using thhe 185 GeV/ c Fermilab polarized-proton and -antiproton beams. The results are found to be consistent with theoretical predictions within statistical uncertainties.

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$pp$ Interactions at 300-GeV/c: Measurement of the Charged Multiplicity, Total and Elastic Cross-Sections

Firestone, A. ; Davidson, V. ; Lam, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 10 (1974) 2080, 1974.
Inspire Record 1242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25012

In a 35 000-picture exposure of the 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber to a 300-GeV/c proton beam at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, 10054 interactions have been observed. The measured total cross section is $40.68 \pm 0.55$ mb, the elastic cross section is $7.89 \pm 0.52$ mb, and the average charged-particle multiplicity for inelastic events is $8.S0 \pm 0.12$.

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Large Momentum Transfer Elastic Scattering of $\pi^{\pm}, K^{\pm}$, and $\rho^{\pm}$ on Protons at 100 GeV/c and 200 GeV/c

Rubinstein, R. ; Baker, W.F. ; Eartly, David P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 30 (1984) 1413, 1984.
Inspire Record 202682 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23648

Results are presented on π±p, K±p, and p±p elastic scattering measured with an apparatus having acceptance of 0.5<−t<2.5 (GeV/c)2 and 0.9<−t<11 (GeV/c)2 at 100 and 200 GeV/c, respectively. A diffractionlike dip is seen for the first time in the π−p t distribution at −t=4 (GeV/c)2. All meson-proton cross sections are found to be similar in the range 1<−t<2.5 (GeV/c)2, although some small systematic differences are observed. Cross sections for pp and p―p are compared with previous data.

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POLARIZATION PARAMETERS AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN PI+- P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND IN P P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND 300-GEV/C

Kline, R.V. ; Law, M.E. ; Pipkin, F.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 22 (1980) 553-572, 1980.
Inspire Record 158989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24156

Measurements of the polarization parameters and angular distributions are reported for π±p elastic scattering at 100 GeV/c and for pp elastic scattering at 100- and 300-GeV/c incident momentum. The π±p data cover the kinematic range 0.18≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions. The pp data cover the kinematic range 0.15≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and 0.15≤−t≤2.00 GeV2 at 100 and 300 GeV/c, respectively, and are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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The Real Part of the Forward Elastic Nuclear Amplitude for $p p$, $\bar{p} p$, $\pi^{+} p$, $\pi^{-} p$, $K^{+} p$, and $K^{-} p$ Scattering Between 70-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c

Fajardo, L.A. ; Majka, R. ; Marx, J.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 24 (1981) 46, 1981.
Inspire Record 152596 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24028

We have measured the elastic cross section for pp, p¯p, π+p, π−p, K+p, and K−p scattering at incident momenta of 70, 100, 125, 150, 175, and 200 GeV/c. The range of the four-momentum transfer squared t varied with the beam momentum from 0.0016≤−t≤0.36 (GeV/c)2 at 200 GeV/c to 0.0018≤−t≤0.0625 (GeV/c)2 at 70 GeV/c. The conventional parametrization of the t dependence of the nuclear amplitude by a simple exponential in t was found to be inadequate. An excellent fit to the data was obtained by a parametrization motivated by the additive quark model. Using this parametrization we determined the ratio of the real to the imaginary part of the nuclear amplitude by the Coulomb-interference method.

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A High Statistics Study of $\pi^{+} p$, $\pi^{-} p$, and $p p$ Elastic Scattering at 200 GeV/c

Schiz, A. ; Fajardo, L.A. ; Majka, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 24 (1981) 26, 1981.
Inspire Record 143937 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24037

We have measured π+p, π−p, and pp elastic scattering at an incident-beam momentum of 200 GeV/c in the region of −t, four-momentum transfer squared, from 0.021 to 0.665 (GeV/c)2. The data allow an investigation of the t dependence of the logarithmic forward slope parameter b≡(ddt)(lndσdt). In addition to standard parametrization, we use functional forms suggested by the additive quark model to fit the measured dσdt distributions. Within the context of this model we estimate the size of the clothed quark in the pion and proton. Limits on the elastic-scattering amplitude derived from unitarity bounds are checked, and no violations are observed.

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Observation of Structure in Elastic pp Scattering at 100-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c

Akerlof, C.W. ; Kotthaus, R. ; Loveless, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 59 (1975) 197-200, 1975.
Inspire Record 99993 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27781

The elastic differential cross section for pp scattering has been measured up to a momentum transfer of ‖ t ‖ = 3(GeV/ c ) 2 at 100 GeV/c and 200 GeV/c incident momenta. The 200 GeV/ c measurements shows a diffractive like dip at ‖ t ‖ = 1.5 GeV/ c while no such dip is seen in the 100 GeV/ c data.

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Antiproton - Proton and Proton - Proton Elastic Scattering at 100 and 200 GeV/c

Kaplan, D.H. ; Karchin, P. ; Orear, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 26 (1982) 723, 1982.
Inspire Record 178011 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23894

Antiproton-proton elastic scattering has been measured at 100 GeV/c for 0.5<−t<2.5 (GeV/c)2 and at 200 GeV/c for 0.9<−t<4 (GeV/c)2. The data show that the −t≃1.4 (GeV/c)2 dip recently observed at 50 GeV/c persists to higher incident momenta. Proton-proton measurements made at the same beam momenta show similar structure.

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Measurement of the Ratio of the Real Part to Imaginary Part of $p p$ and $p d$ Forward Scattering Amplitudes From 50-{GeV} to 400-{GeV}

Kuznetsov, A.A. ; Morozov, B.A. ; Nikitin, V.A. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 33 (1981) 74, 1981.
Inspire Record 154324 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60127
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The Real Part of the p-p and p-d Forward Scattering Amplitudes from 50 GeV to 400 GeV

Jenkins, E. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 217, 1978.
Inspire Record 130086 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11248

Proton-proton and proton-deuteron elastic scattering has been measured for incident laboratory energy from 50 to 400 GeV; minimum |t| values were, for p−p, 0.0005 (GeV/c)2, and for p−d, 0.0008 (GeV/c)2. From the differential cross sections we have determined the ratios of the real to imaginary parts of the forward scattering amplitude, ρpp and ρpd, for p−p and p−d scattering. Using a Glauber approach and a sum-of-exponentials form factor we obtain ρpn for p−n scattering.

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