Measurements of production cross sections of WZ and same-sign WW boson pairs in association with two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2020.
Inspire Record 1794169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94181

Measurements of production cross sections of WZ and same-sign WW boson pairs in association with two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV at the LHC are reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector during 2016-2018. The measurements are performed in the leptonic decay modes W$^\pm$Z$ \to \ell^\pm\nu\ell'^\pm\ell'^\mp$ and WW$\to \ell^\pm\nu\ell'^\pm\nu$, where $\ell, \ell' = $ e, $\mu$. Differential fiducial cross sections as functions of the invariant masses of the jet and charged lepton pairs, as well as of the leading-lepton transverse momentum, are measured for WW production and are consistent with the standard model predictions. The dependence of differential cross sections on the invariant mass of the jet pair is also measured for WZ production. An observation of electroweak production of WZ boson pairs is reported with an observed (expected) significance of 6.8 (5.3) standard deviations. Constraints are obtained on the structure of quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of effective field theory.

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Measurement of the $\Upsilon$(1S) pair production cross section and search for resonances decaying to $\Upsilon$(1S)$\mu^+\mu^-$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2020.
Inspire Record 1780982 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93921

The fiducial cross section for $\Upsilon$(1S) pair production in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in the region where both $\Upsilon$(1S) mesons have an absolute rapidity below 2.0 is measured to be 79 $\pm$ 11 (stat) $\pm$ 6 (syst) $\pm$ 3 ($\mathcal{B}$) pb assuming the mesons are produced unpolarized. The last uncertainty corresponds to the uncertainty in the $\Upsilon$(1S) meson dimuon branching fraction. The measurement is performed in the final state with four muons using proton-proton collision data collected in 2016 by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. This process serves as a standard model reference in a search for narrow resonances decaying to $\Upsilon$(1S)$\mu^+\mu^-$ in the same final state. Such a resonance could indicate the existence of a tetraquark that is a bound state of two b quarks and two $\bar{\mathrm{b}}$ antiquarks. The tetraquark search is performed for masses in the vicinity of four times the bottom quark mass, between 17.5 and 19.5 GeV, while a generic search for other resonances is performed for masses between 16.5 and 27 GeV. No significant excess of events compatible with a narrow resonance is observed in the data. Limits on the production cross section times branching fraction to four muons via an intermediate $\Upsilon$(1S) resonance are set as a function of the resonance mass.

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Measurement of single-diffractive dijet production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV with the CMS and TOTEM experiments

The CMS & TOTEM collaborations Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2020.
Inspire Record 1782637 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94257

Measurements are presented of the single-diffractive dijet cross section and the diffractive cross section as a function of the proton fractional momentum loss $\xi$ and the four-momentum transfer squared $t$. Both processes pp$\to$pX and pp$\to$Xp, ie with the proton scattering to either side of the interaction point, are measured, where X includes at least two jets; the results of the two processes are averaged. The analyses are based on data collected simultaneously with the CMS and TOTEM detectors at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$= 8 TeV during a dedicated run with $\beta^{\ast} =$ 90 m at low instantaneous luminosity and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 37.5 nb$^{-1}$. The single-diffractive dijet cross section $\sigma^\mathrm{pX}_{\mathrm{jj}}$, in the kinematic region $\xi \lt$ 0.1, 0.03 $\lt |$t$| \lt 1$ GeV$^2$, with at least two jets with transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T} >$ 40 GeV, and pseudorapidity $|\eta| \lt$ 4.4, is 21.7$\pm$0.9 (stat)$^{+3.0}_{-3.3}$ (syst) $\pm$ 0.9 (lum) nb. The ratio of the single-diffractive to inclusive dijet yields, normalised per unit of $\xi$, is presented as a function of $x$, the longitudinal momentum fraction of the proton carried by the struck parton. The ratio in the kinematic region defined above, for $x$ values in the range $-$2.9 $\leq \log_{10} x \leq$ $-$1.6, is $R = (\sigma^\mathrm{pX}_{\mathrm{jj}}/\Delta\xi)/\sigma_{\mathrm{jj}} =$ 0.025$\pm$0.001 (stat) $\pm$ 0.003 (syst), where $\sigma^\mathrm{pX}_{\mathrm{jj}}$ and $\sigma_{\mathrm{jj}}$ are the single-diffractive and inclusive dijet cross sections, respectively. The results are compared with predictions from models of diffractive and nondiffractive interactions. Monte Carlo predictions based on the HERA diffractive parton distribution functions agree well with the data when corrected for the effect of soft rescattering between the spectator partons.

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Measurement of the cross section for electroweak production of a Z boson, a photon and two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and constraints on anomalous quartic couplings

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2020.
Inspire Record 1781935 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93069

A measurement is presented of the cross section for electroweak production of a Z boson and a photon in association with two jets (Z$\gamma$jj) in proton-proton collisions. The Z boson candidates are selected through their decay into a pair of electrons or muons. The process of interest, electroweak Z$\gamma$jj production, is isolated by selecting events with a large dijet mass and a large pseudorapidity gap between the two jets. The measurement is based on data collected at the CMS experiment at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The observed significance of the signal is 3.9 standard deviations, where a significance of 5.2 standard deviations is expected in the standard model. These results are combined with published results by CMS at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV, which leads to observed and expected respective significances of 4.7 and 5.5 standard deviations. From the 13 TeV data, a value is obtained for the signal strength of electroweak Z$\gamma$jj production and bounds are given on quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of dimension-eight effective field theory operators.

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Search for the X(5568) state decaying into $\mathrm{B}^{0}_{\mathrm{s}}\pi^{\pm}$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 120 (2018) 202005, 2018.
Inspire Record 1643829 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88920

A search for resonancelike structures in the Bs0π± invariant mass spectrum is performed using proton-proton collision data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at s=8  TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7  fb-1. The Bs0 mesons are reconstructed in the decay chain Bs0→J/ψϕ, with J/ψ→μ+μ- and ϕ→K+K-. The Bs0π± invariant mass distribution shows no statistically significant peaks for different selection requirements on the reconstructed Bs0 and π± candidates. Upper limits are set on the relative production rates of the X(5568) and Bs0 states times the branching fraction of the decay X(5568)±→Bs0π±. In addition, upper limits are obtained as a function of the mass and the natural width of possible exotic states decaying into Bs0π±.

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Observation of the B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to $X(3872)$\phi$ decay

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2020.
Inspire Record 1795066 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94444

Using a data sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 140 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment in 2016-2018, the B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to $X(3872)$\phi$ decay is observed. Decays into J/$\psi\,\pi^+\pi^-$ and K$^+$K$^-$ are used to reconstruct, respectively, the X(3872) and $\phi$. The ratio of the product of branching fractions $\mathcal{B}($B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to $X(3872)$\phi)\,\mathcal{B}($X(3872)$\to$J$/\psi\,\pi^+\pi^-)$ to the product $\mathcal{B}($B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to \psi$(2S)$\phi)\mathcal{B}(\psi$(2S)$\to$J/$\psi\,\pi^+\pi^-)$ is measured to be 2.21$\pm$0.29 (stat) $\pm$0.17 (syst)%. The ratio $\mathcal{B}($B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to $X(3872)$\phi)/\mathcal{B}($B$^{0}\to$X(3872)K$^0)$ is found to be consistent with one, while the ratio $\mathcal{B}($B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to $X(3872)$\phi)/\mathcal{B}($B$^+\to$X(3872)K$^+)$ is two times smaller. This suggests a difference in the production dynamics of the X(3872) in B$^0$ and B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson decays compared to B$^+$. The reported observation may shed new light on the nature of the X(3872) particle.

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Measurement of b hadron lifetimes in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 457, 2018.
Inspire Record 1632444 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88921

Measurements are presented of the lifetimes of the ${\mathrm {B}^0}$ , $\mathrm {B}^0_\mathrm {s}$ , $\mathrm {\Lambda }_\mathrm {b} ^0$ , and $\mathrm {B}_\mathrm {c}^+$ hadrons using the decay channels ${\mathrm {B}^0}\!\rightarrow \! \mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {K^{*}(892)}{}^{0}$ , ${\mathrm {B}^0}\!\rightarrow \! \mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {K^0_S}$ , $\mathrm {B}^0_\mathrm {s} \!\rightarrow \! \mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {\pi ^+}\mathrm {\pi ^-}$ , $\mathrm {B}^0_\mathrm {s} \!\rightarrow \! \mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {\phi (1020)}$ , $\varLambda _\mathrm {b}^0\!\rightarrow \!\mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {\Lambda }^{0}$ , and $\mathrm {B}_\mathrm {c}^+ \!\rightarrow \!\mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {\pi ^+}$ . The data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 $\,\text {fb}^\text {-1}$ , was collected by the CMS detector at the LHC in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8\,\text {Te}\text {V} $ . The ${\mathrm {B}^0}$ lifetime is measured to be $453.0 \pm 1.6\,\text {(stat)} \pm 1.8\,\text {(syst)} \,\upmu \text {m} $ in $\mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {K^{*}(892)}{}^{0}$ and $457.8 \pm 2.7\,\text {(stat)} \pm 2.8\,\text {(syst)} \,\upmu \text {m} $ in $ \mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {K^0_S}$ , which results in a combined measurement of $c\tau _{{\mathrm {B}^0}} = 454.1 \pm 1.4\,\text {(stat)} \pm 1.7\,\text {(syst)} \,\upmu \text {m} $ . The effective lifetime of the $\mathrm {B}^0_\mathrm {s}$ meson is measured in two decay modes, with contributions from different amounts of the heavy and light eigenstates. This results in two different measured lifetimes: $c\tau _{\mathrm {B}^0_\mathrm {s} \rightarrow \mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {\pi ^+}\mathrm {\pi ^-}} = 502.7 \pm 10.2\,\text {(stat)} \pm 3.4\,\text {(syst)} \,\upmu \text {m} $ and $c\tau _{\mathrm {B}^0_\mathrm {s} \rightarrow \mathrm {J}/\psi \mathrm {\phi (1020)}} = 443.9 \pm 2.0\,\text {(stat)} \pm 1.5\,\text {(syst)} \,\upmu \text {m} $ . The $\mathrm {\Lambda }_\mathrm {b} ^0$ lifetime is found to be $442.9 \pm 8.2\,\text {(stat)} \pm 2.8\,\text {(syst)} \,\upmu \text {m} $ . The precision from each of these channels is as good as or better than previous measurements. The $\mathrm {B}_\mathrm {c}^+$ lifetime, measured with respect to the ${\mathrm {B}^{+}}$ to reduce the systematic uncertainty, is $162.3 \pm 7.8\,\text {(stat)} \pm 4.2\,\text {(syst)} \pm 0.1\,(\tau _{{\mathrm {B}^{+}}})\,\upmu \text {m} $ . All results are in agreement with current world-average values.

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Measurement of differential cross sections in the kinematic angular variable $\phi^*$ for inclusive Z boson production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1803 (2018) 172, 2018.
Inspire Record 1631985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79875

Measurements of differential cross sections dσ/dϕ$^{*}$ and double-differential cross sections d$^{2}$σ/dϕ$^{*}$d|y| for inclusive Z boson production are presented using the dielectron and dimuon final states. The kinematic observable ϕ$^{*}$ correlates with the dilepton transverse momentum but has better resolution, and y is the dilepton rapidity. The analysis is based on data collected with the CMS experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{−1}$. The normalised cross section (1/σ) dσ/dϕ$^{*}$, within the fiducial kinematic region, is measured with a precision of better than 0.5% for ϕ$^{*}$ < 1. The measurements are compared to theoretical predictions and they agree, typically, within few percent.

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Version 2
Search for heavy Higgs bosons decaying to a top quark pair in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 2004 (2020) 171, 2020.
Inspire Record 1747886 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89937

A search is presented for additional scalar (H) or pseudoscalar (A) Higgs bosons decaying to a top quark pair in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data set analyzed corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Final states with one or two charged leptons are considered. The invariant mass of the reconstructed top quark pair system and variables that are sensitive to the spin of the particles decaying into the top quark pair are used to search for signatures of the H or A bosons. The interference with the standard model top quark pair background is taken into account. A moderate signal-like deviation compatible with an A boson with a mass of 400 GeV is observed with a global significance of 1.9 standard deviations. New stringent constraints are reported on the strength of the coupling of the hypothetical bosons to the top quark, with the mass of the bosons ranging from 400 to 750 GeV and their total relative width from 0.5 to 25%. The results of the search are also interpreted in a minimal supersymmetric standard model scenario. Values of $m_\mathrm{A}$ from 400 to 700 GeV are probed, and a region with values of $\tan\beta$ below 1.0 to 1.5, depending on $m_\mathrm{A}$, is excluded at 95% confidence level.

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Measurement of electroweak production of a $\mathrm{W} $ boson in association with two jets in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {Te}\text {V} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C80 (2020) 43, 2020.
Inspire Record 1724439 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86211

A measurement is presented of electroweak (EW) production of a $\mathrm{W} $ boson in association with two jets in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {Te}\text {V} $. The data sample was recorded by the CMS Collaboration at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$. The measurement is performed for the $\ell \nu $jj final state (with $\ell \nu $ indicating a lepton–neutrino pair, and j representing the quarks produced in the hard interaction) in a kinematic region defined by invariant mass $m_\mathrm {jj} >120\,\text {Ge}\text {V} $ and transverse momenta $p_\mathrm {T j} > 25\,\text {Ge}\text {V} $. The cross section of the process is measured in the electron and muon channels yielding $\sigma _\mathrm {EW}(\mathrm{W} \mathrm {jj})= 6.23 \pm 0.12 \,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.61 \,\text {(syst)} \,\text {pb} $ per channel, in agreement with leading-order standard model predictions. The additional hadronic activity of events in a signal-enriched region is studied, and the measurements are compared with predictions. The final state is also used to perform a search for anomalous trilinear gauge couplings. Limits on anomalous trilinear gauge couplings associated with dimension-six operators are given in the framework of an effective field theory. The corresponding 95% confidence level intervals are $-2.3< c_{{\mathrm{W} \mathrm{W} \mathrm{W}}}/\varLambda ^2 < 2.5\,\text {Te}\text {V} ^{-2}$, $-8.8< c_{\mathrm{W}}/\varLambda ^2 < 16\,\text {Te}\text {V} ^{-2}$, and $-45< c_{\mathrm{B}}/\varLambda ^2 < 46\,\text {Te}\text {V} ^{-2}$. These results are combined with the CMS EW $\mathrm{Zjj} $ analysis, yielding the constraint on the $c_{{\mathrm{W} \mathrm{W} \mathrm{W}}}$ coupling: $-1.8< c_{{\mathrm{W} \mathrm{W} \mathrm{W}}}/\varLambda ^2 < 2.0\,\text {Te}\text {V} ^{-2}$.

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Measurement of quarkonium production cross sections in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B780 (2018) 251-272, 2018.
Inspire Record 1633431 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85744

Differential production cross sections of prompt J/ψ and ψ(2S) charmonium and ϒ(nS) ( n=1,2,3 ) bottomonium states are measured in proton–proton collisions at s=13TeV , with data collected by the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb −1 for the J/ψ and 2.7 fb −1 for the other mesons. The five quarkonium states are reconstructed in the dimuon decay channel, for dimuon rapidity |y|<1.2 . The double-differential cross sections for each state are measured as a function of y and transverse momentum, and compared to theoretical expectations. In addition, ratios are presented of cross sections for prompt ψ(2S) to J/ψ , ϒ(2S) to ϒ(1S) , and ϒ(3S) to ϒ(1S) production.

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Measurement of associated Z + charm production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 287, 2018.
Inspire Record 1634835 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85868

A study of the associated production of a $\mathrm{Z} $ boson and a charm quark jet ( $\mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} $ ), and a comparison to production with a $\mathrm{b} $ quark jet ( $\mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{b} $ ), in $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 $\,\text {TeV}$ are presented. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 $\,\text {fb}^{-1}$ , collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The $\mathrm{Z} $ boson candidates are identified through their decays into pairs of electrons or muons. Jets originating from heavy flavour quarks are identified using semileptonic decays of $\mathrm{c} $ or $\mathrm{b} $ flavoured hadrons and hadronic decays of charm hadrons. The measurements are performed in the kinematic region with two leptons with $p_{\mathrm {T}} ^{\ell } > 20\,\text {GeV} $ , ${|\eta ^{\ell }|} < 2.1$ , $71< m_{\ell \ell } < 111\,\text {GeV} $ , and heavy flavour jets with $p_{\mathrm {T}} ^{\text {jet}} > 25\,\text {GeV} $ and ${|\eta ^{ \text {jet}}|} < 2.5$ . The $\mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} $ production cross section is measured to be $\sigma (\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} + X) \mathcal {B}(\mathrm{Z} \rightarrow \ell ^+\ell ^-) = 8.8 \pm 0.5\,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.6\,\text {(syst)} \,\text {pb} $ . The ratio of the $\mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} $ and $\mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{b} $ production cross sections is measured to be $\sigma (\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} + X)/\sigma (\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{b} + X) = 2.0 \pm 0.2\,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.2\,\text {(syst)} $ . The $\mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} $ production cross section and the cross section ratio are also measured as a function of the transverse momentum of the $\mathrm{Z} $ boson and of the heavy flavour jet. The measurements are compared with theoretical predictions.

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A measurement of the Higgs boson mass in the diphoton decay channel

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2020.
Inspire Record 1780985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93362

A measurement of the mass of the Higgs boson in the diphoton decay channel is presented. This analysis is based on 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collision data collected during the 2016 LHC running period, with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. A refined detector calibration and new analysis techniques have been used to improve the precision of this measurement. The Higgs boson mass is measured to be $m_\mathrm{H} =$ 125.78$\pm$0.26 GeV. This is combined with a measurement of $m_\mathrm{H}$ already performed in the H$\to$ZZ$\to$4$\ell$ decay channel using the same data set, giving $m_\mathrm{H} =$ 125.46$\pm$0.16 GeV. This result, when further combined with an earlier measurement of $m_\mathrm{H}$ using data collected in 2011 and 2012 with the CMS detector, gives a value for the Higgs boson mass of $m_\mathrm{H} =$ 125.38$\pm$0.14 GeV. This is currently the most precise measurement of the mass of the Higgs boson.

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Measurement of the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}\mathrm{b\bar{b}}$ production cross section in the all-jet final state in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B803 (2020) 135285, 2020.
Inspire Record 1753720 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91630

A measurement of the production cross section of top quark pairs in association with two b jets ($\mathrm{t\bar{t}}\mathrm{b\bar{b}}$) is presented using data collected in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV by the CMS detector at the LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The cross section is measured in the all-jet decay channel of the top quark pair by selecting events containing at least eight jets, of which at least two are identified as originating from the hadronization of b quarks. A combination of multivariate analysis techniques is used to reduce the large background from multijet events not containing a top quark pair, and to help discriminate between jets originating from top quark decays and other additional jets. The cross section is determined for the total phase space to be 5.5 $\pm$ 0.3 (stat)${}^{+1.6}_{-1.3}$ (syst) pb and also measured for two fiducial $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}\mathrm{b\bar{b}}$ definitions. The measured cross sections are found to be larger than theoretical predictions by a factor of 1.5-2.4, corresponding to 1-2 standard deviations.

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Multiparticle correlation studies in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C101 (2020) 014912, 2020.
Inspire Record 1731568 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88288

The second- and third-order azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics of charged particles produced in pPb collisions, at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV, are studied over a wide range of event multiplicities. Multiparticle correlations are used to isolate global properties stemming from the collision overlap geometry. The second-order "elliptic" harmonic moment is obtained with high precision through four-, six-, and eight-particle correlations and, for the first time, the third-order "triangular" harmonic moment is studied using four-particle correlations. A sample of peripheral PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV that covers a similar range of event multiplicities as the pPb results is also analyzed. Model calculations of initial-state fluctuations in pPb and PbPb collisions can be directly compared to the high precision experimental results. This work provides new insight into the fluctuation-driven origin of the $v_3$ coefficients in pPb and PbPb collisions, and into the dominating overall collision geometry in PbPb collisions at the earliest stages of heavy ion interactions.

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Search for a standard model-like Higgs boson in the mass range between 70 and 110 GeV in the diphoton final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 8 and 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B793 (2019) 320-347, 2019.
Inspire Record 1704494 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91266

The results of a search for a standard model-like Higgs boson in the mass range between 70 and 110 GeV decaying into two photons are presented. The analysis uses the data set collected with the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions during the 2012 and 2016 LHC running periods. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 (35.9)fb−1 at s=8 (13) TeV. The expected and observed 95% confidence level upper limits on the product of the cross section and branching fraction into two photons are presented. The observed upper limit for the 2012 (2016) data set ranges from 129 (161) fb to 31 (26) fb. The statistical combination of the results from the analyses of the two data sets in the common mass range between 80 and 110 GeV yields an upper limit on the product of the cross section and branching fraction, normalized to that for a standard model-like Higgs boson, ranging from 0.7 to 0.2, with two notable exceptions: one in the region around the Z boson peak, where the limit rises to 1.1, which may be due to the presence of Drell–Yan dielectron production where electrons could be misidentified as isolated photons, and a second due to an observed excess with respect to the standard model prediction, which is maximal for a mass hypothesis of 95.3 GeV with a local (global) significance of 2.8 (1.3) standard deviations.

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Search for supersymmetry in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV in final states with jets and missing transverse momentum

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1910 (2019) 244, 2019.
Inspire Record 1749379 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90835

Results are reported from a search for supersymmetric particles in the final state with multiple jets and large missing transverse momentum. The search uses a sample of proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s} $ = 13 TeV collected with the CMS detector in 2016–2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{−1}$, representing essentially the full LHC Run 2 data sample. The analysis is performed in a four-dimensional search region defined in terms of the number of jets, the number of tagged bottom quark jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta, and the magnitude of the vector sum of jet transverse momenta. No significant excess in the event yield is observed relative to the expected background contributions from standard model processes. Limits on the pair production of gluinos and squarks are obtained in the framework of simplified models for supersymmetric particle production and decay processes. Assuming the lightest supersymmetric particle to be a neutralino, lower limits on the gluino mass as large as 2000 to 2310 GeV are obtained at 95% confidence level, while lower limits on the squark mass as large as 1190 to 1630 GeV are obtained, depending on the production scenario.

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Studies of Beauty Suppression via Nonprompt $D^0$ Mesons in Pb-Pb Collisions at $Q^2 = 4$ $\rm GeV^2$

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 123 (2019) 022001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1700575 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88297

The transverse momentum spectra of D0 mesons from b hadron decays are measured at midrapidity (|y|<1) in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center of mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The D0 mesons from b hadron decays are distinguished from prompt D0 mesons by their decay topologies. In Pb-Pb collisions, the B→D0 yield is found to be suppressed in the measured pT range from 2 to 100  GeV/c as compared to pp collisions. The suppression is weaker than that of prompt D0 mesons and charged hadrons for pT around 10  GeV/c. While theoretical calculations incorporating partonic energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma can successfully describe the measured B→D0 suppression at higher pT, the data show an indication of larger suppression than the model predictions in the range of 2<pT<5  GeV/c.

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Production of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ baryons in proton-proton and lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2019.
Inspire Record 1738943 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88290

The differential cross sections of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ baryon production are measured via the exclusive decay channel $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+ \to $pK$^-\pi^+$, as a function of transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) in proton-proton (pp) and lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed within the $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ rapidity interval $|y|<$1.0 in the $p_\mathrm{T}$ range of 5-20 GeV/$c$ in pp and 10-20 GeV/$c$ in PbPb collisions. The observed yields of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ for $p_\mathrm{T}$ of 10-20 GeV/$c$ suggest a possible suppression in central PbPb collisions compared to pp collisions. The $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+/$D$^0$ production ratio in pp collisions is compared to theoretical models. In PbPb collisions, this ratio is consistent with the result from pp collisions in their common $p_\mathrm{T}$ range.

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Measurement of $\phi$ Meson Production in p + p Interactions at 40, 80 and 158 GeV/c with the NA61/SHINE Spectrometer at the CERN SPS

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Aduszkiewicz, A. ; Andronov, E.V. ; Antićić, T. ; et al.
2019.
Inspire Record 1749613 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93228

Results on $\phi$ meson production in inelastic p+p collisions at CERN SPS energies are presented. They are derived from data collected by the NA61/SHINE fixed target experiment, by means of invariant mass spectra fits in the $\phi \to K^+K^-$ decay channel. They include the first ever measured double differential spectra of $\phi$ mesons as a function of rapidity $y$ and transverse momentum $p_T$ for proton beam momenta of 80 GeV/c and 158 GeV/c, as well as single differential spectra of $y$ or $p_T$ for beam momentum of 40 GeV/c. The corresponding total $\phi$ yields per inelastic p+p event are obtained. These results are compared with existing data on $\phi$ meson production in p+p collisions. The comparison shows consistency but superior accuracy of the present measurements. The emission of $\phi$ mesons in p+p reactions is confronted with that occurring in Pb+Pb collisions, and the experimental results are compared with model predictions. It appears that none of the considered models can properly describe all the experimental observables.

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Evidence for WW production from double-parton interactions in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C80 (2020) 41, 2020.
Inspire Record 1753976 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90950

A search for WW production from double-parton scattering processes using same-charge electron-muon and dimuon events is reported, based on proton-proton collision data collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The analyzed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 77.4 fb$^{-1}$, collected using the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016 and 2017. Multivariate classifiers are used to discriminate between the signal and the dominant background processes. A maximum likelihood fit is performed to extract the signal cross section. This leads to the first evidence for WW production via double-parton scattering, with a significance of 3.9 standard deviations. The measured inclusive cross section is 1.41 $\pm$ 0.28 (stat) $\pm$ 0.28 (syst) pb.

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Measurements of hadron production in $\pi^{+}$ + C and $\pi^{+}$ + Be interactions at 60 GeV/$c$

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Aduszkiewicz, A. ; Andronov, E.V. ; Antićić, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D100 (2019) 112004, 2019.
Inspire Record 1754136 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91220

Precise knowledge of hadron production rates in the generation of neutrino beams is necessary for accelerator-based neutrino experiments to achieve their physics goals. NA61/SHINE, a large-acceptance hadron spectrometer, has recorded hadron+nucleus interactions relevant to ongoing and future long-baseline neutrino experiments at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. This paper presents three analyses of interactions of 60 GeV/$c$ $\pi^+$ with thin, fixed carbon and beryllium targets. Integrated production and inelastic cross sections were measured for both of these reactions. In an analysis of strange, neutral hadron production, differential production multiplicities of $K^0_{S}$, $\Lambda$ and anti-$\Lambda$ were measured. Lastly, in an analysis of charged hadron production, differential production multiplicities of $\pi^+$, $\pi^-$, $K^+$, $K^-$ and protons were measured. These measurements will enable long-baseline neutrino experiments to better constrain predictions of their neutrino flux in order to achieve better precision on their neutrino cross section and oscillation measurements.

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Observation of the $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0 \to$ J/$\psi \Lambda \phi$ decay in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B802 (2020) 135203, 2020.
Inspire Record 1764794 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93065

The observation of the $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0 \to$J/$\psi \Lambda \phi$ decay is reported using proton-proton collision data collected at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 60 fb$^{-1}$. The ratio of the branching fractions $\mathcal{B}(\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0 \to$J/$\psi \Lambda \phi)/\mathcal{B}(\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0\to\psi \Lambda)$ is measured to be (8.26$\pm$0.90 (stat) $\pm$ 0.68 (syst) $\pm$ 0.11 $(\mathcal{B}))\times $10$^{-2}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the last uncertainty reflects the uncertainties in the world-average branching fractions of $\phi$ and $\psi$(2S) decays to the reconstructed final states.

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Study of excited $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0$ states decaying to $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0\pi^+\pi^-$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
2020.
Inspire Record 1776599 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93064

A study of excited $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0$ baryons is reported, based on a data sample collected in 2016-2018 with the CMS detector at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 140 fb$^{-1}$. The existence of four excited $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0$ states: $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}$(5912)$^0$, $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}$(5920)$^0$, $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}$(6146)$^0$, and $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}$(6152)$^0$ in the $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0\pi^+\pi^-$ mass spectrum is confirmed, and their masses are measured. The $\Lambda_\mathrm{b}^0\pi^+\pi^-$ mass distribution exhibits a broad excess of events in the region of 6040-6100 MeV, whose origin cannot be discerned with the present data.

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Version 2
Measurement of prompt $\psi$(2S) production cross sections in proton-lead and proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B790 (2019) 509-532, 2019.
Inspire Record 1672011 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83197

Measurements of prompt $\psi$(2S) meson production cross sections in proton-lead (pPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 5.02 TeV are reported. The results are based on pPb and pp data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 34.6 nb$^{-1}$ and 28.0 pb$^{-1}$, respectively. The nuclear modification factor $R_\mathrm{pPb}$ is measured for prompt $\psi$(2S) in the transverse momentum range 4 $<$ p$_\mathrm{T}$ $<$ 30 GeV$/c$ and the center-of-mass rapidity range $-$2.4 $< y_\mathrm{cm} <$ 1.93. The results on $\psi$(2S) $R_\mathrm{pPb}$ are compared to the corresponding modification factor for prompt J$/\psi$ mesons and are found to be more suppressed than the J$/\psi$ states over the entire kinematic range studied.

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