In-medium modifications of the pi pi interaction in photon induced reactions

Messchendorp, J.G ; Janssen, S. ; Kotulla, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 89 (2002) 222302, 2002.
Inspire Record 586889 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19419

Differential cross sections of the reactions $(\gamma,\pi^\circ\pi^\circ)$ and $(\gamma,\pi^\circ\pi^++\pi^\circ\pi^-)$ have been measured for several nuclei ($^1$H,$^{12}$C, and $^{\rm nat}$Pb) at an incident-photon energy of $E_{\gamma}$=400-460 MeV at the tagged-photon facility at MAMI-B using the TAPS spectrometer. A significant nuclear-mass dependence of the $\pi\pi$ invariant-mass distribution is found in the $\pi^\circ\pi^\circ$ channel. This dependence is not observed in the $\pi^\circ\pi^{+/-}$ channel and is consistent with an in-medium modification of the $\pi\pi$ interaction in the $I$=$J$=0 channel. The data are compared to $\pi$-induced measurements and to calculations within a chiral-unitary approach.

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Differential cross section for PI0PI0 production with a proton target. Errors are statistical only. Note that the data given in this table are sightly different (newer) than the data points presented in the paper.

Differential cross section for PI0PI+ production with a proton target. Errors are statistical only. Note that the data given in this table are sightly different (newer) than the data points presented in the paper.


Radiative pi0 photoproduction on protons in the Delta+(1232) region

Schumann, S. ; Boillat, B. ; Downie, E.J. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.A 43 (2010) 269-282, 2010.
Inspire Record 843314 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54377

The reaction gamma p -> p pi0 gamma' has been measured with the Crystal Ball / TAPS detectors using the energy-tagged photon beam at the electron accelerator facility MAMI-B. Energy and angular differential cross sections for the emitted photon gamma' and angular differential cross sections for the pi0 have been determined with high statistics in the energy range of the Delta+(1232) resonance. Cross sections and the ratio of the cross section to the non-radiative process gamma p -> p pi0 are compared to theoretical reaction models, having the anomalous magnetic moment kappa_Delta+ as free parameter. As the shape of the experimental distributions is not reproduced in detail by the model calculations, currently no extraction of kappa_Delta+ is feasible.

7 data tables match query

Total cross section for the background reaction GAMMA P --> P PI0.

Total cross section for the background reaction GAMMA P --> P PI0 PI0.

Differential cross section as a function of the emitted photon energy for the reaction GAMMA P --> P PI0 GAMMA at beam energy 450 MeV.

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Multihadron production in e+ e- collisions at high energy

Grilli, M. ; Iarocci, E. ; Spillantini, P. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 13 (1973) 593-644, 1973.
Inspire Record 87243 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1179

Multihadron production by electron-positron colliding beams has been investigated for total centre-of-mass energies ranging from 1.2 to 2.4 GeV. The total cross-section, σtot ≡ σ(e+e−→π+π−+ + anything), is of the order of σμμ ≡ σ(e+e−→μ+μ−), with a threshold near 1 GeV. Partial cross-sections for the various channels are also derived. The cross-section of the specific channel e+e−→π+π−π+π− exhibits an energy dependence which is suggestive of a heavier vector meson, ρ' (mρ,≈ 1.6 GeV,Гρ, ≈ 350 Mev), having the same quantum numbers as the ρ-meson. An upper limit is given for the coupling constantfρ′ (fρ′/4π<18, wherefρ′=mρ′2e/gγρ′). Final states withG+ parity are found to be much more abundant than those withG− parity. The average multiplicity (charged plus neutral final-state pions) is found to be betweet 4 and 5 over all the energy range explored.

3 data tables match query

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VALUES OF R CALCULATED FROM TOTAL CROSS SECTION.

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Measurement and Analysis of the Reaction $\gamma \gamma \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Lackas, W. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 38 (1988) 521, 1988.
Inspire Record 252632 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1916

We have measured the cross section of four charged pion production in photon-photon interactions in the invariant mass range 1.0≦Wγγ≦3.2 GeV and up toQ2=16 GeV2. For 1.2 GeV≦Wγγ≦1.7 GeV the process is dominated by ρ0ρ0 production with a rapid rise in cross section around 1.2 GeV, well below the nominal ρ0ρ0 threshold. The observed distributions in the two particle masses and in the production and decay angles are well described by an incoherent sum of the phase-space subprocesses γγ →ρ0ρ0, →ρ0π+π−, and →π+π−π+π−. A spin-parity analysis of the ρ0ρ0 system showsJP=2+ to dominate, although 0+ is also possible forWγγ≦1.4 GeV. Negative partity states are excluded.

4 data tables match query

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W**2 and Q**2 dependence of charged hadron and pion multiplicities in neutrino p and anti-neutrino p charged current interactions

The WA21 collaboration Jones, G.T. ; Jones, R.W.L. ; Morrison, Douglas R.O. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 46 (1990) 25-34, 1990.
Inspire Record 305244 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1699

Using data onvp and\(\bar vp\) charged current interactions from a bubble chamber experiment with BEBC at CERN, the average multiplicities of charged hadrons and pions are determined as functions ofW2 andQ2. The analysis is based on ∼20000 events with incidentv and ∼10000 events with incident\(\bar v\). In addition to the known dependence of the average multiplicity onW2 a weak dependence onQ2 for fixed intervals ofW is observed. ForW>2 GeV andQ2>0.1 GeV2 the average multiplicity of charged hadrons is well described by〈n〉=a1+a2ln(W2/GeV2)+a3ln(Q2/GeV2) witha1=0.465±0.053,a2=1.211±0.021,a3=0.103±0.014 for thevp anda1=−0.372±0.073,a2=1.245±0.028,a3=0.093±0.015 for the\(\bar vp\) reaction.

36 data tables match query

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Coincidence electroproduction of single neutral pions in the resonance region at q 2 = 0.5 (GeV/ c ) 2

Latham, A. ; Allison, J. ; Booth, I. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 156 (1979) 58-92, 1979.
Inspire Record 1392686 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.836

Data are presented for the reaction ep → ep π 0 at a nominal four-momentum transfer squared of 0.5 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The data were obtained using an extracted electron beam from NINA and two magnetic spectrometers for coincidence detection of the electron and proton. Details are given of the experimental method and the results are given for isobar masses in the range 1.19 – 1.73 GeV/ c 2 .

6 data tables match query

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Measures of the differential effective sections $\pi ±p$ to 410 MeV and 490 MeV forwards

Banner, M. ; Detoeuf, J.F. ; Fayoux, M.L. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 50 (1967) 431-448, 1967.
Inspire Record 1185325 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.896

Measurements of π±p elastic differential cross-sections have been performed in the forward direction, using a missing-mass spark chamber spectrometer. The films have been seanned by an automatic apparatus. A phase-shift analysis of the experimental data has been done, leading to three solutions. Various experiments are proposed in order to resolve the ambiguities.

2 data tables match query

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ELECTROPRODUCTION OF SINGLE CHARGED PIONS FROM DEUTERIUM AT Q**2 APPROXIMATELY 1-GEV**2 IN THE RESONANCE REGION

Vapenikova, O. ; Allison, John ; Dickinson, B. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 37 (1988) 251-258, 1988.
Inspire Record 263398 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.898

We present differential cross-sections for the electro-production of single charged pions from deuterium for a virtual photon mass squared −1.0 GeV2 and for pion nucleon masses in the range 1.23–1.68 GeV (the 1st and 2nd resonance regions). The data are compared with predictions from fits to hydrogen data.

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FORWARD BINS.

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A Kinematically complete measurement of the proton structure function F(2) in the resonance region and evaluation of its moments

The CLAS collaboration Osipenko, M. ; Ricco, G. ; Taiuti, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 67 (2003) 092001, 2003.
Inspire Record 612145 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.12253

We measured the inclusive electron-proton cross section in the nucleon resonance region (W < 2.5 GeV) at momentum transfers Q**2 below 4.5 (GeV/c)**2 with the CLAS detector. The large acceptance of CLAS allowed for the first time the measurement of the cross section in a large, contiguous two-dimensional range of Q**2 and x, making it possible to perform an integration of the data at fixed Q**2 over the whole significant x-interval. From these data we extracted the structure function F2 and, by including other world data, we studied the Q**2 evolution of its moments, Mn(Q**2), in order to estimate higher twist contributions. The small statistical and systematic uncertainties of the CLAS data allow a precise extraction of the higher twists and demand significant improvements in theoretical predictions for a meaningful comparison with new experimental results.

46 data tables match query

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A STUDY OF e+ e- ANNIHILATION IN THE 1400-MeV TO 2250-MeV ENERGY RANGE WITH THE MAGNETIC DETECTOR DM2 AT DCI

Augustin, J.E. ; Ayach, L. ; Calcaterra, A. ; et al.
1983.
Inspire Record 192321 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13242
2 data tables match query

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ELECTROPRODUCTION CROSS-SECTIONS IN THE RESONANCE REGION MEASURED AT LARGE SCATTERING ANGLES

Gerhardt, B. ; Muller, H. ; Drees, J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 7 (1980) 11-15, 1980.
Inspire Record 160216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14097

To complete data on resonance electroproduction we constructed an electron spectrometer with large angular and momentum acceptance. As a first result inclusive cross sections for an invariant hadronic mass 1.2<W<1.7 GeV and a four momentum transfer squared 0.5<Q2<1.5 (GeV/c)2 and for values of the polarization parameter 0.1<ɛ<0.25 are presented. Combining our results with the SLAC 4°-data we obtain σL/σT in the specified kinematical range.

4 data tables match query

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Axial and pseudoscalar nucleon form-factors from low-energy pion electroproduction

Choi, Seonho ; Estenne, V. ; Bardin, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 71 (1993) 3927-3930, 1993.
Inspire Record 360772 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19697

The cross section for exclusive π+ electroproduction on the proton has been measured near threshold for the first time at two different values of the virtual photon polarization (ɛ∼0.2 and ɛ∼0.7). Using the low energy theorem for this reaction we deduce the axial and pseudoscalar weak form factors GA and GP at ‖t‖=0.073, 0.139, and 0.179 (GeV/c)2. The slope of GA agrees with the value obtained in neutrino experiments. GP satisfies the pion pole dominance hypothesis, which is thus verified for the first time in this range of transfer.

3 data tables match query

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Left-right Asymmetry in Inverse $\pi^-$ Photoproduction From a Transversely Polarized Proton Target

Kim, G.J. ; Adrian, S.D. ; Arends, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 56 (1986) 1779-1782, 1986.
Inspire Record 232117 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20259

Accurate measurements of the left-right asymmetry in π−p→γn at pπ=427−625 MeV/c with a transversely polarized target are reported. Results are compared with the predictions from the Arai and Fujii single-pion photoproduction partial-wave analysis and with data on the inverse process measured with a deuterium target. The agreement is poor, casting doubt on the correctness of the value for the radiative-decay amplitude of the neutral Roper resonance now in use.

3 data tables match query

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Mass identified particle production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 300-GeV, 540-GeV, 1000-GeV, and 1800-GeV

The E735 collaboration Alexopoulos, T. ; Allen, C. ; Anderson, E.W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 984-997, 1993.
Inspire Record 363171 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22669

The yields and average transverse momenta of pions, kaons, and antiprotons produced at the Fermilab p¯p collider at s=300, 540, 1000, and 1800 GeV are presented and compared with data from the energies reached at the CERN collider. We also present data on the dependence of average transverse momentum 〈pt〉 and particle ratios as a function of charged particle density dNcdη; data for particle densities as high as six times the average value, corresponding to a Bjorken energy density 6 GeV/fm3, are reported. These data are relevant to the search for quark-gluon phase of QCD.

2 data tables match query

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Polarized target asymmetry in pion proton bremsstrahlung at 298-MeV

Bosshard, A. ; Amsler, Claude ; Bistirlich, J.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 2619-2622, 1990.
Inspire Record 303404 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22827

First data are presented for the polarized-target asymmetry in the reaction π+p→π+pγ at an incident pion energy of 298 MeV. The geometry was chosen to maximize the sensitivity to the radiation of the magnetic dipole moment μΔ of the Δ++(1232 MeV). A fit of the asymmetry in the cross section d5σ/dΩπ dΩγ dk as a function of the photon energy k to predictions from a recent isobar-model calculation with μΔ as the only free parameter yields μΔ=1.64(±0.19expΔ,±0.14 theor)μp. Though this value agrees with bag-model corrections to the SU(6) prediction μΔ=2μp, further clarifications on the model dependence of the result are needed, in particular since the isobar model fails to describe both the cross section and the asymmetry at the highest photon energies.

2 data tables match query

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Analyzing power for pi- p charge exchange in the backward hemisphere from 301-MeV/c to 625-MeV/c and a test of pi N partial wave analyses

Kim, G.J. ; Arends, J. ; Engelage, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 41 (1990) 733-743, 1990.
Inspire Record 301242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22935

The analyzing power of π−p→π0n has been measured for pπ=301−625 MeV/c with a transversely polarized target, mainly in the backward hemisphere. The final-state neutron and a γ from the π0 were detected in coincidence with two counter arrays. Our results are compared with predictions of recent πN partial-wave analyses by the groups of Karlsruhe-Helsinki, Carnegie-Mellon University-Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (CMU-LBL), and Virginia Polytechnic Institute (VPI). At the lower incident energies little difference is seen among the three analyses, and there is excellent agreement with our data. At 547 MeV/c and above, our data strongly favor the VPI phases, and disagree with Karlsruhe-Helsinki and CMU-LBL analyses, which are the source of the πN resonance parameters given in the Particle Data Group table.

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Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (Uncertainty in background normalisation).

Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (Uncertainty in background normalisation).

Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (Uncertainty in background normalisation).


Backward-angle electron-proton elastic scattering and proton electromagnetic form-factors

Price, L.E. ; Dunning, J.R. ; Goitein, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 4 (1971) 45-53, 1971.
Inspire Record 67836 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23074

Elastic electron-proton scattering cross sections were measured at backward angles (80°-90°) in the laboratory for four-momentum transfers between 7 F−2 and 45 F−2. Experimental errors range from 3.1% to 5.3%, including a systematic error estimated to be 1.9% added in quadrature. Electric and magnetic form factors are computed from all the recent data in this q2 range, with allowance made for possible normalization differences. The results show a deviation from the scaling law.

2 data tables match query

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Measurement of Pion Proton Bremsstrahlung for Pions at 299-{MeV}

Meyer, C.A. ; Amsler, Claude ; Bosshard, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 754-767, 1988.
Inspire Record 268867 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23271

We have measured the fivefold differential cross section d5σ/dΩπdΩγdEγ for the process π+p→π+pγ with incident pions of energy 299 MeV. The angular regions for the outgoing pions (55°≤θlabπ≤95°), and photons (θlabγ=241°±10°) in coplanar geometry are selected to maximize the sensitivity to the radiation from the magnetic dipole moment of the Δ++(1232) resonance. At low photon energies, the data agree with the soft-photon approximation to pion-proton bremsstrahlung. At forward pion angles the data agree with older data and with the latest theoretical calculations for 2.3μp≤μΔ≤3.3μp. However at more backward pion angles where no data existed, the predictions fail.

2 data tables match query

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Measurement of Neutrino - Proton and anti-neutrino - Proton Elastic Scattering

Ahrens, L.A. ; Aronson, S.H. ; Connolly, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 35 (1987) 785, 1987.
Inspire Record 18763 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23350

Measurements of the semileptonic weak-neutral-current reactions νμp→νμp and ν¯μp→ν¯μp are presented. The experiment was performed using a 170-metric-ton high-resolution target detector in the BNL wide-band neutrino beam. High-statistics samples yield the absolute differential cross sections dσ(νμp)/dQ2 and dσ(ν¯μp)/dQ2. A measurement of the axial-vector form factor GA(Q2) is also presented. The results are in good agreement with the standard model SU(2)×U(1). The weak-neutral-current parameter sin2thetaW is determined to be sin2θW=0.220±0.016(stat)−0.031+0.023(syst).

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Errors contain both statistics and systematics, except for additional overall normalisation error given above. Neutrino energy is 0 to 5 GeV with peak at 0.8 Gev.


Measurement of the Parameters of the $\psi^{\prime\prime}$(3770) Resonance

Abrams, G.S. ; Alam, M.S. ; Blocker, C.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 21 (1980) 2716, 1980.
Inspire Record 142644 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24185

We present a measurement of the cross section for hadron production by e+e− annihilation in the vicinity of the previously observed resonance near 3.77 GeV. The data are used to determine the parameters of the ψ(3770) resonance. The values found are: mass, 3764±5 MeV/c2, total width, 23.5±5 MeV, and partial width to electron pairs, 276±50 eV.

1 data table match query

PEAK CROSS SECTION FOR D MESON PAIR PRODUCTION AT PSI(3770) RESONANCE. J/PSI, PSI(3684) AND CONTINUUM BACKGROUND (R=2.5) SUBTRACTED.


Study of Neutrino Interactions in Hydrogen and Deuterium: Inelastic Charged Current Reactions

Barish, S.J. ; Derrick, M. ; Dombeck, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 2521, 1979.
Inspire Record 7237 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24295

This paper gives the results of a study of inelastic charged-current interactions of muon-type neutrinos with hydrogen and deuterium targets using the Argonne 12-foot bubble chamber. We discuss in detail the separation of the events from background. For the single-pion production reactions νp→μ−pπ+, νn→μ−nπ+, and νn→μ−pπ0, energy-dependent cross sections, differential cross sections, invariant-mass distributions, and the Δ++(1236) decay angular distribution are presented. These data are also used to study the isospin properties of the πN system. Comparisons of the data with models of single-pion production are made, and a direct test of partial conservation of the axial-vector current is discussed. Cross sections and invariant-mass distributions are given for the reactions in which more than one pion is produced. Ten events of strange-particle production were found, and the properties of these events are discussed. The energy dependence of the total νp and νn cross sections from threshold to 6 GeV was determined, and the σ(νn)σ(νp) ratio measured. This ratio and the inclusive x and y distributions rapidly approach the scaling distributions expected from the quark-parton model.

1 data table match query

Measured charged current total cross section.


Study of Neutrino Interactions in Hydrogen and Deuterium. 1. Description of the Experiment and Study of the Reaction Neutrino d --> mu- p p(s)

Barish, S.J. ; Campbell, J. ; Charlton, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 16 (1977) 3103, 1977.
Inspire Record 5566 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24481

This paper gives a detailed description of an experiment which studies the interactions of muon-type neutrinos in hydrogen and deuterium. The experiment was performed at the Zero Gradient Synchrotron using the wide-band neutrino beam incident on the Argonne 12-foot bubble chamber filled with hydrogen and deuterium. The neutrino energy spectrum peaks at 0.5 GeV and has a tail extending to 6 GeV. The shape and intensity of the flux is determined using measurements of pion yields from beryllium. The produced pions are focused by one or (for the latter part of the experiment) two magnetic horns. A total of 364000 pictures were taken with a hydrogen filling of the bubble chamber and 903 000 with a deuterium filling. The scanning and other analyses of the events are described. The most abundant reaction occurs off neutrons and is quasi-elastic scattering νd→μ−pps. The separation of these events from background channels is discussed. The total and differential cross sections are analyzed to obtain the axial-vector form factor of the nucleon. Our result, expressed in terms of a dipole form factor, gives an axial-vector mass of 0.95±0.09 GeV. A comparison is made to previous measurements using neutrino beams, and also to determinations based upon threshold pion electroproduction experiments. In addition, the data are used to measure the weak vector form factor and so check the conserved-vector-current hypothesis.

1 data table match query

Measured Quasi-Elastic total cross section.


Multihadronic cross-sections from e+ e- annihilation up to 3 gev center-of-mass energy

Bacci, C. ; Penson, G. ; Salvini, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 44 (1973) 533-536, 1973.
Inspire Record 84794 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6496

With an apparatus slightly improved with respect to a previous one we have studied multihadronic production at the Adone e + e − storage ring up to a maximum center of mass energy of 3 GeV.

3 data tables match query

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Single pi+ electroproduction on the proton in the first and second resonance regions at 0.25-GeV**2 < Q**2 < 0.65-GeV**2 using CLAS

The CLAS collaboration Egiyan, H. ; Aznauryan, I.G. ; Burkert, V.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 73 (2006) 025204, 2006.
Inspire Record 707883 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6748

The ep -> e'pi^+n reaction was studied in the first and second nucleon resonance regions in the 0.25 GeV^2 < Q^2 < 0.65 GeV^2 range using the CLAS detector at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. For the first time the absolute cross sections were measured covering nearly the full angular range in the hadronic center-of-mass frame. The structure functions sigma_TL, sigma_TT and the linear combination sigma_T+epsilon*sigma_L were extracted by fitting the phi-dependence of the measured cross sections, and were compared to the MAID and Sato-Lee models.

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Structure functions for Q**2 = 0.30 GeV**2 and W = 1.31 GeV.

Structure functions for Q**2 = 0.30 GeV**2 and W = 1.33 GeV.

Structure functions for Q**2 = 0.30 GeV**2 and W = 1.35 GeV.

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Observation of an isoscalar vector meson at approximately = 1650-MeV/c**2 in the e+ e- ---> K anti-K pi reaction

Bisello, D. ; Busetto, G. ; Castro, A. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 52 (1991) 227-230, 1991.
Inspire Record 318558 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14928

The\(e^ +e^ -\to K_s^0 K^ \pm\pi ^ \mp\) andK+K−π0 cross sections have been measured in the energy interval\(1350 \leqq \sqrt s\leqq 2400\) with the DM2 detector at DCI. The\(K_s^0 K^ \pm\pi ^ \mp\) cross section shows the contribution of an isoscalar vector meson at ≈1650 MeV/c2 in agreement with a previous experiment. The low statisticsK+K−π0 measurement is consistent with the above result.

1 data table match query

The K0S K+- PI-+ cross section.