Backward photoproduction of neutral pions off hydrogen at photon energies between 0.4 and 2.2 gev

Becks, H. ; Feller, P. ; Menze, D. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 60 (1973) 267-276, 1973.
Inspire Record 83927 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6749

The differential cross section has been measured for the reaction γ +p→p+ π o at the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron in the energy range from 0.4 to 2.2 GeV for a c.m. angle of 150 degrees. The protons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer system. The excitation curve shows a distinct resonance structure. The total corrections to the counting rate are about 3%. The contribution of the process γ +p→p+2 π was separated. The uncertainty of this separation leads to an error of about 4% in the cross section.

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Photoproduction of neutral pions off hydrogen at photon energies between 0.55 and 2.2 gev at a cm-angle of 120 degrees

Feller, P. ; Herr, H. ; Hilger, E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 49 (1974) 197-200, 1974.
Inspire Record 95299 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27964

The differential cross section has been measured for the reaction γ +p→ π o + p at the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron in the energy range from 0.55 to 2.2 GeV at a c.m.angle of 120 degrees.

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Photoproduction of pi+ mesons on polarized protons at photon energies between 0.5 and 2.2 gev

Althoff, K.H. ; Feller, P. ; Herr, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 53 (1973) 9-18, 1973.
Inspire Record 84220 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32593

The target asymmetry T = ( σ ↑ − σ ↓)/( σ ↑ + σ ↓) for the reaction γ p → π + n has been measured at the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron for a pion c.m. angle of 40° and γ energies between 0.5 and 2.2 GeV. Butanol was used as the target material. About 35% of the protons could be polarized using the dynamic-polarization method in a continuous-flow cryostat operating at 1°K and 25 kG. The π + mesons were detected in a magnetic-spectrometer system. Considerable structure in the asymmetry was observed.

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Photoproduction of Negative Pions on a Polarized Neutron Target in the Resonance Region

Althoff, K.H. ; Beckschulze, H. ; Conrad, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 96 (1975) 497-508, 1975.
Inspire Record 99642 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31932

At the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron the first measurements of the target asymmetry for the reaction γ + n ↑ → π − + p have been performed. The negative pions were detected in a magnetic spectrometer at a constant pion c.m. angle of 40° and photon energies between 0.45 GeV and 2.0 GeV. Deuterated butanol was used as target material. The polarization of the deuterons was about 16%. The results show a significant difference from the previously measured π + asymmetry.

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Measurement of the reaction gamma p ---> K0 Sigma+ at photon energies up to 2.6-GeV

Lawall, R. ; Barth, J. ; Bennhold, C. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.A 24 (2005) 275-286, 2005.
Inspire Record 680746 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43595

The reaction gamma p --> K0 Sigma+ was measured in the photon energy range from threshold up to 2.6 GeV with the SAPHIR detector at the electron stretcher facility, ELSA, in Bonn. Results are presented on the reaction cross section and the polarization of the Sigma+ as a function of the kaon production angle in the centre-of-mass system, cos(Theta_K^{c.m.}), and the photon energy. The cross section is lower and varies less with photon energy and kaon production angle than that of gamma p --> K+ Sigma0. The Sigma+ is polarized predominantly at cos(Theta_K^{c.m.}) \approx 0. The data presented here are more precise than previous ones obtained with SAPHIR and extend the photon energy range to higher values. They are compared to isobar model calculations.

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Photoproduction of rho0 mesons and Delta-baryons in the reaction gamma p ---> p pi+ pi- at energies up to s**(1/2) = 2.6-GeV

Wu, C. ; Barth, J. ; Braun, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.A 23 (2005) 317-344, 2005.
Inspire Record 678798 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43532

The photoproduction of ρ0-mesons and Δ-baryons at photon energies up to 2.6 GeV has been studied with the SAPHIR detector at the electron stretcher ELSA. Total and differential cross-sections were obt

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Neutral pion photoproduction off protons in the energy range 0.3-GeV < E(gamma) < 3-GeV

The CB-ELSA collaboration Bartholomy, O. ; Crede, V. ; van Pee, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 012003, 2005.
Inspire Record 654179 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41902

Single pi0 photoproduction has been studied with the CB-ELSA experiment at Bonn using tagged photon energies between 0.3 and 3.0 GeV. The experimental setup covers a very large solid angle of about 98% of 4 pi. Differential cross sections (d sigma)/(d Omega) have been measured. Complicated structures in the angular distributions indicate a variety of different resonances being produced in the s channel intermediate state gamma p --> N* (Delta*) --> p pi0. A combined analysis including the data presented in this letter along with other data sets reveals contributions from known resonances and evidence for a new resonance N(2070)D15.

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Positive Pion Photoproduction From Hydrogen at Photon Energies Between 500-{MeV} and 1400-{MeV} in Forward Direction

Althoff, K.H. ; Anton, G. ; Bock, B. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 18 (1983) 199, 1983.
Inspire Record 189703 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16352

The differential cross section of the reactionγ+p→π+ was measured at pion CM-angles of 20° and 30° for photon energies between 500 MeV and 1,400 MeV. The pions were detected in a magnetic spectrometer. By measuring each pion trajectory and by offline calculation of the initial pion parameters an energy resolution of about 2.5% FWHM was achieved. The results complete a set of data which were measured in recent years at the Bonn 2.5 GeV synchrotron. In comparison to photoproduction analyses two effects were revealed: The η cusp appears in the energy dependence of the cross section as a sharp drop atKγ=710 MeV. In the region of the third resonance the data show a greater enhancement than predicted by most of the analyses.

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Measurements of Sigma (e+ e- --> mu+- mu-+) in the Energy Range 1.2-GeV-3.0-GeV

Alles-Borelli, V. ; Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 59 (1975) 201, 1975.
Inspire Record 99248 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27778

The analysis of 1466 events of the type e + e − → μ ± μ ± , in the time-lifke range from 1.44 to 9.00 GeV 2 , sh that the absolute value of the cross-section and its energy dependence follow QED expectations within (± 3.2%) and (± 1.2%), respectively.

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The timelike electromagnetic form-factors of the charged pseudoscalar mesons from 1.44-GeV**2 to 9.0-GeV**2

Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; Brunini, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 46 (1973) 261-264, 1973.
Inspire Record 85277 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28063

The study of 620 hadron pairs produced in the s -range (1.44−9.0) GeV 2 , has yielded 110 collinear hadronic events. Their identification in terms of π and K mesons allows the determination of the time-like electromagnetic from factors of these pseudoscalar mesons in the above time-like range. The total number of (e + e − ) events observed in the same experimental conditions is 18 048.

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Inclusive hadron photoproduction from longitudinally polarized protons and deuterons

The E155 collaboration Anthony, P.L. ; Arnold, R.G. ; Averett, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 458 (1999) 536-544, 1999.
Inspire Record 495554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28074

We report measurements of the asymmetry A_parallel for inclusive hadron production on longitudinally polarized proton and deuteron targets by circularly polarized photons. The photons were produced via internal and external bremsstrahlung from an electron beam of 48.35 GeV. Asymmetries for both positive and negative signed hadrons, and a subset of identified pions, were measured in the momentum range 10<P<30 GeV at 2.75 and 5.5 degrees. Small non-zero asymmetries are observed for the proton, while the deuteron results are consistent with zero. Recent calculations do not describe the data well.

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Measurement of $\pi^- p \to \pi^- p \pi^0$ Reaction Near Threshold and Breaking of Chiral Symmetry

The OMICRON collaboration Kernel, G. ; Korbar, D. ; Krizan, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 225 (1989) 198-202, 1989.
Inspire Record 278272 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29804

A full-kinematics measurement of the π − p→ π − p π 0 reaction in the incident π − momentum region from 295 to 450 MeV/ c is presented. The measurement was performed with the OMICRON spectrometer at the CERN synchrocyclotron.

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The Pion Electromagnetic Form-factor in the Timelike Energy Range 1.35-{GeV} $\le \sqrt{s} \le$ 2.4-{GeV}

The DM2 collaboration Bisello, D. ; Busetto, G. ; Castro, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 220 (1989) 321-327, 1989.
Inspire Record 267118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29829

The e + e − → π + π − cross section has been measured from about 280 events (an order of magnitude more than the previous world statistics) in the energy interval 1.35 ⩽ s ⩽ 2.4 GeV with the DM2 detector at DCI. The pion squared form factor | F π | 2 shows a deep minimum around 1.6 GeV/ c 2 and is better fit under the hypothesis of two ϱ-like resonance ⋍0.25 GeV/ c 2 wide with 1.42 and 1.77 GeV/ c 2 masses.

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Cross-section Measurement of $\pi^- p \to \pi^- \pi^+ n$ Reaction Near Threshold

The OMICRON collaboration Kernel, G. ; Korbar, D. ; Krizan, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 216 (1989) 244-248, 1989.
Inspire Record 264989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29858

Result of cross section measurements for the reaction π − p → π − π + n are presented. They cover a range of incident pion momenta between 295 and 450 MeV/ c . It is the first time that the cross section has been measured so close to threshold. The experiment was performed with Omicron, a large-solid-angle spectrometer, which enables a measurement of the full set of kinematic variables. In the region of overlap there is a good agreement with other experiments. The extracted value for the chiral-symmetry-breaking parameter ξ is seen to be largely extrapolition dependent but the measured value of -0.5±0.8 leaves Weinberg's prediction of ξ =0 the only remaining choice.

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Production of $K \bar{K}$ Pairs in Photon-photon Collisions and the Excitation of the Tensor Meson F-prime (1515)

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Brandelik, R. ; Braunschweig, W. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 121 (1983) 216-222, 1983.
Inspire Record 181468 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30814

We have observed exclusive production of K + K − and K S O K S O pairs and the excitation of the f′(1515) tensor meson in photon-photon collisions. Assuming the f′ to be production in a helicity 2 state, we determine Λ( f ′ → γγ) B( f ′ → K K ) = 0.11 ± 0.02 ± 0.04 keV . The non-strange quark of the f′ is found to be less than 3% (95% CL). For the θ(1640) we derive an upper limit for the product Λ(θ rarr; γγ K K ) < 0.03 keV (95% CL ) .

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Measurement of the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \eta \pi^+ \pi^-$ in the Center-of-mass Energy Interval 1350-{MeV} to 2400-{MeV}

The DM2 collaboration Antonelli, A. ; Baldini, R. ; Calcaterra, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 212 (1988) 133-138, 1988.
Inspire Record 264144 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29912

The e + e − → ηπ + π − reaction has been measured in the center of mass energy interval 1350–2400 MeV by the magnetic detector DM2 at the Orsay storage ring DCI. Under the hypothesis of only one large resonance the cross section is not fit in a satisfactory way. The branching ratio τ − → η − π 0 ν τ =(0.13 ± 0.02)% is deduced via CVC from the above measurement.

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A Measurement of the electric form-factor of the neutron through polarized-d (polarized-e, e-prime n)p at Q**2 = 0.5-(GeV/c)**2

The E93026 collaboration Zhu, H. ; Ahmidouch, A. ; Anklin, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 081801, 2001.
Inspire Record 556212 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31418

We report the first measurement of the neutron electric form factor $G_E^n$ via $\vec{d}(\vec{e},e'n)p$ using a solid polarized target. $G_E^n$ was determined from the beam-target asymmetry in the scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from polarized deuterated ammonia, $^{15}$ND$_3$. The measurement was performed in Hall C at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) in quasi free kinematics with the target polarization perpendicular to the momentum transfer. The electrons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer in coincidence with neutrons in a large solid angle segmented detector. We find $G_E^n = 0.04632\pm0.00616 (stat.) \pm0.00341 (syst.)$ at $Q^2 = 0.495$ (GeV/c)$^2$.

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Measurement of the x- and Q**2-dependence of the asymmetry A(1) on the nucleon

The CLAS collaboration Dharmawardane, K.V. ; Kuhn, S.E. ; Bosted, Peter E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 641 (2006) 11-17, 2006.
Inspire Record 717523 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6726

We report results for the virtual photon asymmetry $A_1$ on the nucleon from new Jefferson Lab measurements. The experiment, which used the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer and longitudinally polarized proton ($^{15}$NH$_3$) and deuteron ($^{15}$ND$_3$) targets, collected data with a longitudinally polarized electron beam at energies between 1.6 GeV and 5.7 GeV. In the present paper, we concentrate on our results for $A_1(x,Q^2)$ and the related ratio $g_1/F_1(x,Q^2)$ in the resonance and the deep inelastic regions for our lowest and highest beam energies, covering a range in momentum transfer $Q^2$ from 0.05 to 5.0 GeV$^2$ and in final-state invariant mass $W$ up to about 3 GeV. Our data show detailed structure in the resonance region, which leads to a strong $Q^2$--dependence of $A_1(x,Q^2)$ for $W$ below 2 GeV. At higher $W$, a smooth approach to the scaling limit, established by earlier experiments, can be seen, but $A_1(x,Q^2)$ is not strictly $Q^2$--independent. We add significantly to the world data set at high $x$, up to $x = 0.6$. Our data exceed the SU(6)-symmetric quark model expectation for both the proton and the deuteron while being consistent with a negative $d$-quark polarization up to our highest $x$. This data setshould improve next-to-leading order (NLO) pQCD fits of the parton polarization distributions.

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Measurement of the reaction pi+ p ---> pi+ pi+ n near threshold

The OMICRON collaboration Kernel, G. ; Korbar, D. ; Krizan, P. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 48 (1990) 201-208, 1990.
Inspire Record 297700 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15134

The reaction π+p→π+π+n was studied in the vicinity of the reaction threshold at ten incident pion beam momenta from 297 MeV/c to 480 MeV/c. From data angular distributions, invariant mass spectra and integrated cross-sections were deduced. The chiral symmetry breaking parameter as determined by this reaction equals to ξ=1.56±0.26±0.39, where the first error is experimental, while the latter reflects the uncertainty in the ansatz used in the extrapolation to the reaction threshold. A comparison with the other reaction channels of the reaction πp→ππN indicates that a single parameter (ξ) is not sufficient to describe low energy ππ interactions.

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Production of the F(0) Meson in Photon-photon Collisions

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Fenner, H. ; Schachter, M.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 23 (1984) 223, 1984.
Inspire Record 199731 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16320

The production of thef0 in two photon collisions, with the subsequent decayf0→π+π− has been observed in the CELLO detector at PETRA. Thef0 peak was found to lie on a dipion continuum and to be shifted downwards in mass by ≃50 MeV/c2. The ππ mass spectrum from 0.8 to 1.5 GeV/c2 was well fitted by the model of Mennessier using only a unitarised Born amplitude and helicity 2f0 amplitude. The previously observed mass shift and distortion of thef0 peak are explained by strong interference between the Born andf0 amplitudes. The only free parameter in the fit of the data to the model is the radiative widthΓγγ(f0). It was found that:Γγγ(f0)=2.5±0.1±0.5 keV where the first (second) quoted errors are statistical (systematic).

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The $K^0_S K^0_S$ Final State in $\gamma \gamma$ Interactions

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Dainton, J.B. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 43 (1989) 91, 1989.
Inspire Record 267756 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15432

In the reaction γγ→KS0KS0 resonance production of thef2− is observed. For the radiative with\(\Gamma _{\gamma \gamma } .B(f'_2\to K\bar K) = 0.11_{ - 0.02}^{ + 0.03}\pm 0.02keV\) is found. The small number of events in thef2,a2 mass region is consistent with the assumption of destructivef2−a2 interference. From the mass distribution we determine the relative phases between the tensor mesons. Upper limits on the radiative widths of the glueball candidatesf2(1720) andX (2220) are derived.

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Precise pion electroproduction in the p (e, e-prime pi+) n reaction at W = 1125-MeV

Blomqvist, K.I. ; Boeglin, W.U. ; Böhm, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys.A 353 (1996) 415-421, 1996.
Inspire Record 428951 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16502

The reactione+p →> e+π++n at c.m. energyW=1125MeV and momentum transfer Q2=0.117GeV2/c2 has been measured. The transverse and longitudinal structure functions have been separated by varying the polarization of the virtual photon (Rosenbluth plot) with a 3 to 4% error. In addition the longitudinal-transverse interference term has been determined measuring the right-left asymmetry with an accuracy of 3%. The experimental data are compared to model calculations, and the sensitivity of the results to the axial and pion formfactors is discussed.

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Observation of an isoscalar vector meson at approximately = 1650-MeV/c**2 in the e+ e- ---> K anti-K pi reaction

Bisello, D. ; Busetto, G. ; Castro, A. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 52 (1991) 227-230, 1991.
Inspire Record 318558 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14928

The\(e^ +e^ -\to K_s^0 K^ \pm\pi ^ \mp\) andK+K−π0 cross sections have been measured in the energy interval\(1350 \leqq \sqrt s\leqq 2400\) with the DM2 detector at DCI. The\(K_s^0 K^ \pm\pi ^ \mp\) cross section shows the contribution of an isoscalar vector meson at ≈1650 MeV/c2 in agreement with a previous experiment. The low statisticsK+K−π0 measurement is consistent with the above result.

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A STUDY OF e+ e- ANNIHILATION IN THE 1400-MeV TO 2250-MeV ENERGY RANGE WITH THE MAGNETIC DETECTOR DM2 AT DCI

Augustin, J.E. ; Ayach, L. ; Calcaterra, A. ; et al.
1983.
Inspire Record 192321 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13242
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Measurement of $K^+ K^-$ Production in $\gamma \gamma$ Collisions

The ARGUS collaboration Albrecht, H. ; Glaser, R. ; Harder, G. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 48 (1990) 183-190, 1990.
Inspire Record 284561 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15151

The production of charged kaon pairs in two-photon interactions has been studied with the ARGUS detector and the topological cross section has been measured. The γγ-widths and interference parameters have been determined for the tensor mesonsf2 (1270),a2 (1318) andf′2 (1525). The helicity structure assumed for the continuum contribution has a significant effect on the result. Upper limits have been obtained for the γγ-widths of the glueball candidate statesf2 (1720) andX (2230).

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