Total cross-section measurement of $\pi^{-}$ photoproduction on deuteron in the first-resonance region.

Chiefari, G. ; Drago, E. ; Napolitano, M. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 13 (1975) 129-133, 1975.
Inspire Record 1393351 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37447
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Analysis of the reaction gamma n ---> p pi- in the first and second resonance regions

Rossi, V. ; Piazza, A. ; Susinno, G. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 13 (1973) 59-89, 1973.
Inspire Record 87242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37785

The final results of an experimental investigation of the reaction γ+n→p+π− performed with a deuterium bubble chamber at the 1 GeV Frascati electrosynchrotron are presented. Total and differential cross-sections on neutrons are extracted by means of the spectator model, the reliability of which has been checked by numerous tests and is extensively discussed. The problems of a possible isotensor component in the electromagnetic current, the time-reversal invariance of the electromagnetic interactions and the photoproduction of the Roper resonance are considered in detail.

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Neutral Pion Electroproduction in the Resonance Region at High Q**2

Villano, A.N. ; Stoler, P. ; Bosted, P.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 80 (2009) 035203, 2009.
Inspire Record 823260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54189

The process $ep \to e^{\prime}p^{\prime}\pi^0$ has been measured at $Q^2$ = 6.4 and 7.7 \ufourmomts in Jefferson Lab's Hall C. Unpolarized differential cross sections are reported in the virtual photon-proton center of mass frame considering the process $\gamma^{\ast}p \to p^{\prime}\pi^0$. Various details relating to the background subtractions, radiative corrections and systematic errors are discussed. The usefulness of the data with regard to the measurement of the electromagnetic properties of the well known $\Delta(1232)$ resonance is covered in detail. Specifically considered are the electromagnetic and scalar-magnetic ratios $R_{EM}$ and $R_{SM}$ along with the magnetic transition form factor $G_M^{\ast}$. It is found that the rapid fall off of the $\Delta(1232)$ contribution continues into this region of momentum transfer and that other resonances

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Measurement of the polarized structure function sigma(LT-prime) for pion electroproduction in the Roper resonance region

The CLAS collaboration Joo, K. ; Smith, L.C. ; Aznauryan, I.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 72 (2005) 058202, 2005.
Inspire Record 681275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25214

The polarized longitudinal-transverse structure function $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ measures the interference between real and imaginary amplitudes in pion electroproduction and can be used to probe the coupling between resonant and non-resonant processes. We report new measurements of $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ in the $N(1440){1/2}^+$ (Roper) resonance region at $Q^2=0.40$ and 0.65 GeV$^2$ for both the $\pi^0 p$ and $\pi^+ n$ channels. The experiment was performed at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) using longitudinally polarized electrons at a beam energy of 1.515 GeV. Complete angular distributions were obtained and are compared to recent phenomenological models. The $\sigma_{LT^\prime}(\pi^+ n)$ channel shows a large sensitivity to the Roper resonance multipoles $M_{1-}$ and $S_{1-}$ and provides new constraints on models of resonance formation.

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A Kinematically complete measurement of the proton structure function F(2) in the resonance region and evaluation of its moments

The CLAS collaboration Osipenko, M. ; Ricco, G. ; Taiuti, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 67 (2003) 092001, 2003.
Inspire Record 612145 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.12253

We measured the inclusive electron-proton cross section in the nucleon resonance region (W < 2.5 GeV) at momentum transfers Q**2 below 4.5 (GeV/c)**2 with the CLAS detector. The large acceptance of CLAS allowed for the first time the measurement of the cross section in a large, contiguous two-dimensional range of Q**2 and x, making it possible to perform an integration of the data at fixed Q**2 over the whole significant x-interval. From these data we extracted the structure function F2 and, by including other world data, we studied the Q**2 evolution of its moments, Mn(Q**2), in order to estimate higher twist contributions. The small statistical and systematic uncertainties of the CLAS data allow a precise extraction of the higher twists and demand significant improvements in theoretical predictions for a meaningful comparison with new experimental results.

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Measurement of exclusive rho+ rho- production in high-Q**2 two-photon collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 597 (2004) 26-38, 2004.
Inspire Record 654177 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48589

Exclusive rho^+ rho^- production in two-photon collisions involving a single highly-virtual photon is studied with data collected at LEP at centre-of-mass energies 89 GeV &lt; \sqrt{s} &lt; 209 GeV with a total integrated luminosity of 854.7 pb^-1. The cross section of the process gamma gamma^* -> rho^+ rho^- is determined as a function of the photon virtuality, Q^2, and the two-photon centre-of-mass energy, W_gg, in the kinematic region: 1.2 GeV^2 &lt; Q^2 &lt; 30 GeV^2 and 1.1 GeV &lt; W_gg &lt; 3 GeV. The \rho^+\rho^- production cross section is found to be of the same magnitude as the cross section of the process gamma gamma^* -> rho^0 rho^0, measured in the same kinematic region by L3, and to have similar W_gg and Q^2 dependences.

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Analysis of the pi+ pi- pi+ pi- and pi+ pi0 pi- pi0 final states in quasi-real two-photon collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 638 (2006) 128-139, 2006.
Inspire Record 705125 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48674

The reactions gamma gamma -> pi^+pi^-pi^+pi^- and gamma gamma -> pi^+pi^0pi^-pi^0 are studied with the L3 detector at LEP in a data sample collected at centre-of-mass energies from 161GeV to 209GeV with a total integrated luminosity of 698/pb. A spin-parity-helicity analysis of the rho^0 rho^0 and rho^+ rho^- systems for two-photon centre-of-mass energies between 1GeV and 3GeV shows the dominance of the spin-parity state 2+ with helicity 2. The contribution of 0+ and 0- spin-parity states is also observed, whereas contributions of 2- states and of a state with spin-parity 2+ and zero helicity are found to be negligible.

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Multihadronic cross-sections from e+ e- annihilation up to 3 gev center-of-mass energy

Bacci, C. ; Penson, G. ; Salvini, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 44 (1973) 533-536, 1973.
Inspire Record 84794 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6496

With an apparatus slightly improved with respect to a previous one we have studied multihadronic production at the Adone e + e − storage ring up to a maximum center of mass energy of 3 GeV.

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Measurement of Pion Proton Bremsstrahlung for Pions at 299-{MeV}

Meyer, C.A. ; Amsler, Claude ; Bosshard, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 754-767, 1988.
Inspire Record 268867 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23271

We have measured the fivefold differential cross section d5σ/dΩπdΩγdEγ for the process π+p→π+pγ with incident pions of energy 299 MeV. The angular regions for the outgoing pions (55°≤θlabπ≤95°), and photons (θlabγ=241°±10°) in coplanar geometry are selected to maximize the sensitivity to the radiation from the magnetic dipole moment of the Δ++(1232) resonance. At low photon energies, the data agree with the soft-photon approximation to pion-proton bremsstrahlung. At forward pion angles the data agree with older data and with the latest theoretical calculations for 2.3μp≤μΔ≤3.3μp. However at more backward pion angles where no data existed, the predictions fail.

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Measurement of the pi- p ---> 3 pi0 n total cross-section from threshold to 0.75-GeV/c

Starostin, A. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; Manley, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 67 (2003) 068201, 2003.
Inspire Record 620818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25279

We report a new measurement of the π−p→3π0n total cross section from threshold to pπ=0.75GeV/c. The cross section near the N(1535)12− resonance is only a few μb after subtracting the large η→3π0 background associated with π−p→ηn. A simple analysis of our data results in the estimated branching fraction B[S11→πN(1440)12+]=(8±2)%. This is the first such estimate obtained with a three-pion production reaction.

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A Measurement of the electric form-factor of the neutron through polarized-d (polarized-e, e-prime n)p at Q**2 = 0.5-(GeV/c)**2

The E93026 collaboration Zhu, H. ; Ahmidouch, A. ; Anklin, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 081801, 2001.
Inspire Record 556212 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31418

We report the first measurement of the neutron electric form factor $G_E^n$ via $\vec{d}(\vec{e},e'n)p$ using a solid polarized target. $G_E^n$ was determined from the beam-target asymmetry in the scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from polarized deuterated ammonia, $^{15}$ND$_3$. The measurement was performed in Hall C at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) in quasi free kinematics with the target polarization perpendicular to the momentum transfer. The electrons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer in coincidence with neutrons in a large solid angle segmented detector. We find $G_E^n = 0.04632\pm0.00616 (stat.) \pm0.00341 (syst.)$ at $Q^2 = 0.495$ (GeV/c)$^2$.

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A Measurement of the Cross-Section for Four Pion Production in gamma gamma Collisions at SPEAR

Burke, D.L. ; Abrams, G.S. ; Alam, M.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 103 (1981) 153-156, 1981.
Inspire Record 165016 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31168

We present a measurement of the cross section for the reaction e + e − → e + e − π + π − π + π − at SPEAR. This channel is found to be large and dominated by the process γγ → ϱ 0 ϱ 0 → π + π − π + π − . The cross section, which is small just above the four-pion threshold, exhibits a large enhancement near the ϱ 0 ϱ 0 threshold.

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Electromagnetic Form Factors of the Proton

Bumiller, F. ; Croissiaux, M. ; Dally, E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 124 (1961) 1623-1631, 1961.
Inspire Record 47220 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26853

This paper reports experimental findings on the Dirac (F1) and Pauli (F2) form factors of the proton. The form factors have been obtained by using the Rosenbluth formula and the method of intersecting ellipses in analyzing the elastic electron-proton scattering cross sections. A range of energies covering the interval 200-1000 Mev for the incident electrons is explored. Scattering angles vary from 35° to 145°. Values as high as q2≅31 f−2 (q=energy−momentumtransfer) are investigated, but form factors can be reliably determined only up to about q2=25 f−2. Splitting of the form factors is confirmed. The newly measured data are in good agreement with earlier Stanford data on the form factors and also with the predictions of a recent theoretical model of the proton. Consistency in determining the values of the form factors at different energies and angles gives support to the techniques of quantum electrodynamics up to q2≅25 f−2. At the extreme conditions of this experiment (975 Mev, 145°) the behavior of the form factors may be exhibiting some anomaly.

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Photoproduction of pi+ Mesons from Hydrogen in the Region 350-900 Mev

Heinberg, M. ; McClelland, W.M. ; Turkot, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 110 (1958) 1211-1212, 1958.
Inspire Record 46812 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26860
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Asymmetry ratios in the photoproduction of π + by linearly polarized γ-rays in the energy range 200–400 MeV

Gorenstein, P. ; Grilli, M. ; Soso, F. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. 23 (1966) 394-396, 1966.
Inspire Record 1392866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30179

The asymmetry ratio for the process γ + p → n + π + by linearly polarized γ rays are reported for E γ = 200 − 400 MeV and for θ (production angle of π in the c.m. system) = 90°. The experimental results are compared with some recent theoretical predictions.

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Cross-section Measurement of $\pi^- p \to \pi^- \pi^+ n$ Reaction Near Threshold

The OMICRON collaboration Kernel, G. ; Korbar, D. ; Krizan, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 216 (1989) 244-248, 1989.
Inspire Record 264989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29858

Result of cross section measurements for the reaction π − p → π − π + n are presented. They cover a range of incident pion momenta between 295 and 450 MeV/ c . It is the first time that the cross section has been measured so close to threshold. The experiment was performed with Omicron, a large-solid-angle spectrometer, which enables a measurement of the full set of kinematic variables. In the region of overlap there is a good agreement with other experiments. The extracted value for the chiral-symmetry-breaking parameter ξ is seen to be largely extrapolition dependent but the measured value of -0.5±0.8 leaves Weinberg's prediction of ξ =0 the only remaining choice.

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Fischer, G. ; Fischer, H. ; Leneke, M. ; et al.
Inspire Record 1105110 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37283
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Photoproduction of Neutral Pions for Incident Photon Energies 400-800 MeV. Search for a Resonant P-11 State and Remarks on the eta Cusp Effect

Bacci, C. ; Penso, G. ; Salvini, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 159 (1967) 1124-1137, 1967.
Inspire Record 944952 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37216

Cross sections for the photoproduction of neutral pions have been measured at the 1.1-GeV Frascati electron synchrotron for bombarding photon energies k between 400 and 800 MeV and for π0 c.m. angles of θπ*=90∘, 120∘, and 135∘. The main feature of the experiment is good resolution in incident photon energy. The results are in good agreement with the existing theories in the energy range of 450 to 550 MeV. The cross sections exhibit a smooth behavior as a function of energy for k=400−600 MeV. No immediate evidence is found of a contribution of the P11 resonance. An anomaly at the limit of statistical significance appears for k≃700−740 MeV, indicating a possible structure of the so-called second resonance. We attempt to interpret the observed anomaly as a reflection of the sharp opening of the η production channel (η cusp effect).

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Hadron pair production by electron-positron colliding beams

Barbiellini, G. ; Grilli, M. ; Iarocci, E. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 6S2 (1973) 557-565, 1973.
Inspire Record 86306 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37335
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Observation of a broad peak in the production of four charged pions by e+ e- collisions around 1.6 gev

Barbarino, G. ; Grilli, M. ; Iarocci, E. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 3 (1972) 689-692, 1972.
Inspire Record 77547 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37365
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Polarization of the recoil proton from the process gamma n ---> p pi- in deuterium for (theta pi)c.m.=90 degrees in the second-resonance region

Beneventano, M. ; D' Angelo, S. ; De Notaristefani, F. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 3S1 (1970) 840-844, 1970.
Inspire Record 64710 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37344
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Negative Pion Production from Neutrons by Polarized gamma Rays

Nishikawa, T. ; Hiramatsu, S. ; Kimura, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 21 (1968) 1288-1291, 1968.
Inspire Record 944914 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38534

The differential asymmetry ratio for the process γ+n→p+π− was measured at 90° in the center-of-mass system and for incident photon energies from 352 to 550 MeV. The observed asymmetries are larger than the values predicted from the theory by Berends, Donnachie, and Weaver. A smaller M1- amplitude gives better agreement between the experiment and the theory.

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Measurement of pi- p ---> pi0 pi0 n from threshold to p(pi-) 750-MeV/c

The Crystal Ball collaboration Prakhov, S. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; Allgower, C.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 69 (2004) 045202, 2004.
Inspire Record 647544 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25355

Reaction π−p→π0π0n has been measured with high statistics in the beam momentum range 270–750MeV∕c. The data were obtained using the Crystal Ball multiphoton spectrometer, which has 93% of 4π solid angle coverage. The dynamics of the π−p→π0π0n reaction and the dependence on the beam energy are displayed in total cross sections, Dalitz plots, invariant-mass spectra, and production angular distributions. Special attention is paid to the evaluation of the acceptance that is needed for the precision determination of the total cross section σt(π−p→π0π0n). The energy dependence of σt(π−p→π0π0n) shows a shoulder at the Roper resonance [i.e., the N(1440)12+], and there is also a maximum near the N(1520)32−. It illustrates the importance of these two resonances to the π0π0 production process. The Dalitz plots are highly nonuniform; they indicate that the π0π0n final state is dominantly produced via the π0Δ0(1232) intermediate state. The invariant-mass spectra differ much from the phase-space distributions. The production angular distributions are also different from the isotropic distribution, and their structure depends on the beam energy. For beam momenta above 550MeV∕c, the density distribution in the Dalitz plots strongly depends on the angle of the outgoing dipion system (or equivalently on the neutron angle). The role of the f0(600) meson (also known as the σ) in π0π0n production remains controversial.

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Backward electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the region of nucleon resonances at four momentum transfer squared Q**2 = 1.0-GeV**2

The JLab Hall A collaboration Laveissiere, G. ; Degrande, N. ; Jaminion, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 69 (2004) 045203, 2004.
Inspire Record 625669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25226

Exclusive electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the backward hemisphere has been studied at Q**2 = 1.0 GeV**2 by detecting protons in the forward direction in coincidence with scattered electrons from the 4 GeV electron beam in Jefferson Lab's Hall A. The data span the range of the total (gamma* p) center-of-mass energy W from the pion production threshold to W = 2.0 GeV. The differential cross sections sigma_T+epsilon*sigma_L, sigma_TL, and sigma_TT were separated from the azimuthal distribution and are presented together with the MAID and SAID parametrizations.

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Pion Pair Production From $\gamma \gamma$ Interactions at {PEP} and the Radiative Width of the F0 Meson

The DELCO collaboration Courau, A. ; Johnson, R.P. ; Sherman, S.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 147 (1984) 227-231, 1984.
Inspire Record 202552 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30498

Results are presented of an untagged e + e − → e + e − + π + π − experiment performed at PEP with the DELCO detector. In the invariant-mass range 0.7 ⩽ W ππ < 2.0 GeV/ c 2 , the QED e + e − background is identified and eliminated, and both the π + π − predictions and the μ + μ − and K + K − background substractions are normalized to the measurement of the e e + e − events. The results agree with a simple model of superposition and interference of the f 0 (1270) resonance, produced with helicity 2, with a Born-term continuum. From a fit of the model to the data, the radiative width of the f 0 is determined to be Γ f 0 → γγ = 2.70 ± 0.21 keV.

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