Measurement of the pi- p ---> n pi0 and pi- p ---> n gamma differential cross-sections near the resonance p(11)(1460)

Cheze, J.B. ; Codreanu, N. ; Hamel, J.L. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 72 (1974) 365-375, 1974.
Inspire Record 94658 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.7810

The π − p→n γ and π − p→n π ° differential cross sections have been measured for −0.9< cos θ ∗ <−0.45 (θ ∗ c.m. scattering angle) at 475 MeV/ c and 550 MeV/ c incident momenta. The π − p→n γ measurement is a good check of the detailed balance principle in the electromagnetic interactions of hadrons at these energies and is in good agreement with Walker's analysis. On the other hand the π − p→ π °n extrapolated values of 180° allows one to verify that the phases of the A 1 2 and A 3 2 amplitudes are equal.

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Charged-Pion Photoproduction from Deuterium with Polarized Bremsstrahlung

Liu, F.F. ; Drickey, D.J. ; Mozley, R.F. ;
Phys.Rev. 136 (1964) B1183-B1186, 1964.
Inspire Record 1186786 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26721

Measurements have been made on the ratio of pion-production cross sections at right angles to and along the photon electric-field vector. The positive and negative pions were first momentum-analyzed and counted by means of a counter telescope. Data have been taken at 45, 90, and 135° in the c.m. system, and at proton energies of 225, 330, and 450 MeV. A comparison of the data is made with the dispersion-relation calculation of McKinley.

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Photoproduction of Negative and Positive Pions from Deuterium for Photon Energies 500 to 1000 Mev

Neugebauer, Gerry ; Wales, Walter ; Walker, R.L. ;
Phys.Rev. 119 (1960) 1726-1735, 1960.
Inspire Record 47757 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26818

The ratio of the yields of negative and positive pions photoproduced in deuterium has been measured at six photon energies between 500 and 1000 Mev and at seven angles between 20° and 160° in the center-of-momentum system of the photon and target nucleon. Pions were selected with a magnetic spectrometer and identified using momentum and specific ionization in a scintillation counter telescope. The spectator model of the deuteron was used to identify the photon energy. Statistical errors assigned to the π−π+ ratio range between five and fifteen percent. The results of the present experiment join smoothly with the low-energy π−π+ ratios obtained by Sands et al. At high energies the π−π+ ratio varies from 0.5 at forward angles and energies near 900 Mev to 2.5 at 160° c.m. and energies 600 to 800 Mev. The cross sections for π− photo-production from neutrons have been derived from the π−π+ ratio and the CalTech π+ photoproduction data. The angular distributions for π− production are considerably different from those for π+; there is, for example, a systematic increase at the most backward angles. The energy dependence of the total cross section for π− is similar to that for π+, although the second resonance peak occurs at a slightly lower energy, and at 900 and 1000 Mev the π− cross section is smaller by a factor 1.6. A comparison is made of the cross sections for π+ photoproduction from hydrogen and deuterium, although the accuracy of this comparison is not high.

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Polarization of the recoil proton from the process gamma n ---> p pi- in deuterium for (theta pi)c.m.=90 degrees in the second-resonance region

Beneventano, M. ; D' Angelo, S. ; De Notaristefani, F. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 3S1 (1970) 840-844, 1970.
Inspire Record 64710 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37344
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Negative Pion Production from Neutrons by Polarized gamma Rays

Nishikawa, T. ; Hiramatsu, S. ; Kimura, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 21 (1968) 1288-1291, 1968.
Inspire Record 944914 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38534

The differential asymmetry ratio for the process γ+n→p+π− was measured at 90° in the center-of-mass system and for incident photon energies from 352 to 550 MeV. The observed asymmetries are larger than the values predicted from the theory by Berends, Donnachie, and Weaver. A smaller M1- amplitude gives better agreement between the experiment and the theory.

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Kim, G.J. ; Arends, J. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 244-247, 1989.
Inspire Record 285141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23110

Differential cross sections for π−p→γn have been determined from 427 to 625 MeV/c, mainly at 90° and 110° c.m. The data were obtained by combining measurements of the Panofsky ratio in flight with known charge-exchange cross sections. The results are compared with γn→π−p data derived from γd experiments; the difference is typically 30%. The radiative decay amplitudes of neutral πN resonances are therefore uncertain by at least 30%.

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Measurement of Differential Cross-Sections for Radiative Pion-Proton Capture in the Second Resonance Region

Weiss, A.J. ; Blasberg, D.J. ; Comiso, J.C. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 101 (1975) 1-18, 1975.
Inspire Record 2234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36075

Differential cross-section measurements for π − p → γ n, consisting of three angular distributions at 618, 676 and 718 MeV/ c , and the energy dependence at θ γ = 90° for seven incident pion momenta between 502 and 888 MeV/ c , are presented. Our data qualitatively support recent multipole analyses. Agreement with the Scheffler et al. results for the inverse reaction, γ n → π − p, using a ( π − -recoil p) coincidence technique is good excluding a large violation of time reversal invariance. The agreement with γ n → π − p data obtained using the R ( π − / π + ) ratio technique or a deuterium bubble chamber is only qualitative.

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Single Photoproduction of Negative Pions from Neutrons by Linearly Polarized Photons in the Region of the First Pion-Nucleon Resonance

Ganenko, V.B. ; Gorbenko, V.G. ; Zhebrovsky, Yu.V. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 23 (1976) 511-515, 1976.
Inspire Record 116406 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39784
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Charged-pi photoproduction at 180 degress in the energy range between 300 and 1200 mev

Fujii, T. ; Okuno, H. ; Orito, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 26 (1971) 1672-1675, 1971.
Inspire Record 68981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21616

The differential cross sections at 180° for the reactions γ+p→π++n and γ+n→π−+p were measured using a magnetic spectrometer to detect π± mesons. In order to reduce the spread of energy resolution due to the nucleon motion inside the deuteron, a photon difference method was employed with a 50-MeV step for the reaction γ+n→π−+p. The data show structures at the second- and the third-resonance regions for both reactions. A simple phenomenological analysis was made for fitting the data, and the results are compared with those of previous analyses.

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Beneventano, M. ; de Notaristefani, F. ; Monacelli, P. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 1 (1969) 113-118, 1969.
Inspire Record 1098439 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37462
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Total cross-section measurement of $\pi^{-}$ photoproduction on deuteron in the first-resonance region.

Chiefari, G. ; Drago, E. ; Napolitano, M. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 13 (1975) 129-133, 1975.
Inspire Record 1393351 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37447
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Single pi- photoproduction on neutrons in the energy region of the p(11), d(13), s(11) pion-nucleon resonances

Beneventano, M. ; D' Angelo, S. ; De Notaristefani, F. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 19 (1974) 529-547, 1974.
Inspire Record 96708 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37753

In this note we report the results obtained in a single-photoproduction experiment on neutrons in deuterium, with an experimental apparatus made of scintillation counters, spark chambers and a magnetic spectrometer; the explored energy region is one around the second resonance, that is (500÷900) MeV indicent γ-ray energy. We briefly describe the present situation of the phenomenological analysis of the single photoproduction in the second resonance region and compare the results of an analysis made by us with the results obtained by other authors; in particular the e.m. coupling of theP11 isobaric state found by us is large, in accordance with the results of some other authors.

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Analysis of the reaction gamma n ---> p pi- in the first and second resonance regions

Rossi, V. ; Piazza, A. ; Susinno, G. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 13 (1973) 59-89, 1973.
Inspire Record 87242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37785

The final results of an experimental investigation of the reaction γ+n→p+π− performed with a deuterium bubble chamber at the 1 GeV Frascati electrosynchrotron are presented. Total and differential cross-sections on neutrons are extracted by means of the spectator model, the reliability of which has been checked by numerous tests and is extensively discussed. The problems of a possible isotensor component in the electromagnetic current, the time-reversal invariance of the electromagnetic interactions and the photoproduction of the Roper resonance are considered in detail.

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Measurement of Polarized Target Asymmetry on $\gamma n \to \pi^- p$ Around the Second Resonance Region

Fujii, K. ; Hayashii, H. ; Iwata, S. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 187 (1981) 53-70, 1981.
Inspire Record 156223 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34260

The polarized target asymmetry for γ n→ π − p was measured over the second resonance region from 0.55 to 0.9 GeV at pion c.m. angles between 60° and 120°. A double-arm spectrometer was used with a deuterated butanol target to detect both the pion and the proton, thus considerably improving the data quality. Including the new data in the amplitude analysis, the radiative decay widths of three resonances were determined more accurately than before. The results are compared with various quark models.

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Negative-pion photoproduction from neutrons by linearly polarized photons in the first resonance region

Kondo, K. ; Miyachi, T. ; Ukai, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 9 (1974) 529-533, 1974.
Inspire Record 93115 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21954

The angular dependence of the asymmetry for negative-pion photoproduction on neutrons by linearly polarized photons has been measured for photon energies 260, 300, 350, 400, 450, and 500 MeV at center-of-mass angles 60°, 75°, 90°, 150°, and 120°. The results are compared with theoretical models of low-energy single-pion photoproduction. The observed asymmetry below 400 MeV shows good agreement with predictions of dispersion-theoretical models by Berends, Donnachie, and Weaver and by Schwela. The asymmetry values in the 400-500 MeV energy region suggest that smaller M1− amplitude is more favorable.

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Differential cross-sections of pi- p ---> gamma n for 317, 452, and 491 mev/c incident pion momentum

Berardo, P.A. ; Haddock, R.P. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 9 (1974) 621-643, 1974.
Inspire Record 93116 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21950

The differential cross sections of π−p→γn at center-of-mass energy Ẽ=1363, 1337, and 1245 MeV are presented. The angular distributions are compared with recent γn→π−p experiments. Though the cross sections for π−p→γn are somewhat lower than those for the inverse reaction, when all uncertainties are considered, we find that our data are in acceptable agreement at all three energies with the inverse reaction determined from π−π+ ratio measurements, in support of time-reversal invariance. The agreement with bubble-chamber measurements at Ẽ=1363 and 1337 MeV is less satisfactory. The isotensor dip test applied to our data is inconclusive. Our measurements are compared with many multipole analyses, disagreeing with most, in particular with pure fixed- t dispersion relation calculations. We find no evidence, in the sense suggested by Donnachie, for the classification of the P11(1470) resonance in an SU(3) antidecuplet. The data are consistent with a small radiative decay of the P11(1470) resonance, as predicted by quark models.

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Photoproduction of Negative Pions on a Polarized Neutron Target in the Resonance Region

Althoff, K.H. ; Beckschulze, H. ; Conrad, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 96 (1975) 497-508, 1975.
Inspire Record 99642 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31932

At the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron the first measurements of the target asymmetry for the reaction γ + n ↑ → π − + p have been performed. The negative pions were detected in a magnetic spectrometer at a constant pion c.m. angle of 40° and photon energies between 0.45 GeV and 2.0 GeV. Deuterated butanol was used as target material. The polarization of the deuterons was about 16%. The results show a significant difference from the previously measured π + asymmetry.

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Photoproduction of negative pions on neutrons at photon energies between 0.2-GeV and 2.0-GeV

The Aachen-Berlin-Bonn-Hamburg-Heidelberg-Muenchen collaboration Hilpert, H.G. ; Lauscher, P. ; Matziolis, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 8 (1968) 535-544, 1968.
Inspire Record 56298 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32389

Total and differenial cross sections of the reaction γ +n→p+ π − have been determined for photon-energies between 0.2 and 2.0 GGeV. Below 500 MeV the differential cross sections are compared with theoretical predictions derived from fixed-momentum-transfer dispersion relations.

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Negative-to-Positive Ratio of Photomesons from Deuterium

Sands, Matthew ; Teasdale, J.G. ; Walker, Robert L. ;
Phys.Rev. 95 (1954) 592-593, 1954.
Inspire Record 944931 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.589
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Photoproduction of Charged pi Mesons from Hydrogen and Deuterium in the Energy Range Between 250-MeV and 790-MeV

Fujii, T. ; Kondo, T. ; Takasaki, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 120 (1977) 395-422, 1977.
Inspire Record 108476 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8405

The differential cross sections for γ p→ π + n from hydrogen and the π − π + ratios from deuterium were measured at nine c.m. angles between 30° and 150° for laboratory photon energies between 260 and 800 MeV. A magnetic spectrometer with three layers of scintillation hodoscope was used to detect charged π mesons. The cross section for γ n→ π − p was obtained as a product of d σ d Ω (γ p →π + n ) and the π − π + ratio. The overall features in the cross sections of the two reactions, γ p→ π + n and γ n→ π − p, and in the ratios, π − π + , agree with predictions by Moorhouse, Oberlack and Rosenfeld, and Metcalf and Walker. An investigation of the possible existence of an isotensor current was made and a negative result was found. In detailed balance comparison with the new results on the inverse reaction π − p→ γ n, no apparent violation of time-reversal invariance was observed.

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