Backward photoproduction of neutral pions off hydrogen at photon energies between 0.4 and 2.2 gev

Becks, H. ; Feller, P. ; Menze, D. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 60 (1973) 267-276, 1973.
Inspire Record 83927 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6749

The differential cross section has been measured for the reaction γ +p→p+ π o at the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron in the energy range from 0.4 to 2.2 GeV for a c.m. angle of 150 degrees. The protons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer system. The excitation curve shows a distinct resonance structure. The total corrections to the counting rate are about 3%. The contribution of the process γ +p→p+2 π was separated. The uncertainty of this separation leads to an error of about 4% in the cross section.

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Photoproduction of neutral pions off hydrogen at photon energies between 0.55 and 2.2 gev at a cm-angle of 120 degrees

Feller, P. ; Herr, H. ; Hilger, E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 49 (1974) 197-200, 1974.
Inspire Record 95299 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27964

The differential cross section has been measured for the reaction γ +p→ π o + p at the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron in the energy range from 0.55 to 2.2 GeV at a c.m.angle of 120 degrees.

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Photoproduction of rho0 mesons and Delta-baryons in the reaction gamma p ---> p pi+ pi- at energies up to s**(1/2) = 2.6-GeV

Wu, C. ; Barth, J. ; Braun, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.A 23 (2005) 317-344, 2005.
Inspire Record 678798 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43532

The photoproduction of ρ0-mesons and Δ-baryons at photon energies up to 2.6 GeV has been studied with the SAPHIR detector at the electron stretcher ELSA. Total and differential cross-sections were obt

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Photoproduction of pi+ mesons on polarized protons at photon energies between 0.5 and 2.2 gev

Althoff, K.H. ; Feller, P. ; Herr, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 53 (1973) 9-18, 1973.
Inspire Record 84220 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32593

The target asymmetry T = ( σ ↑ − σ ↓)/( σ ↑ + σ ↓) for the reaction γ p → π + n has been measured at the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron for a pion c.m. angle of 40° and γ energies between 0.5 and 2.2 GeV. Butanol was used as the target material. About 35% of the protons could be polarized using the dynamic-polarization method in a continuous-flow cryostat operating at 1°K and 25 kG. The π + mesons were detected in a magnetic-spectrometer system. Considerable structure in the asymmetry was observed.

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Photoproduction of Negative Pions on a Polarized Neutron Target in the Resonance Region

Althoff, K.H. ; Beckschulze, H. ; Conrad, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 96 (1975) 497-508, 1975.
Inspire Record 99642 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31932

At the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron the first measurements of the target asymmetry for the reaction γ + n ↑ → π − + p have been performed. The negative pions were detected in a magnetic spectrometer at a constant pion c.m. angle of 40° and photon energies between 0.45 GeV and 2.0 GeV. Deuterated butanol was used as target material. The polarization of the deuterons was about 16%. The results show a significant difference from the previously measured π + asymmetry.

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Neutral pion photoproduction off protons in the energy range 0.3-GeV < E(gamma) < 3-GeV

The CB-ELSA collaboration Bartholomy, O. ; Crede, V. ; van Pee, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 012003, 2005.
Inspire Record 654179 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41902

Single pi0 photoproduction has been studied with the CB-ELSA experiment at Bonn using tagged photon energies between 0.3 and 3.0 GeV. The experimental setup covers a very large solid angle of about 98% of 4 pi. Differential cross sections (d sigma)/(d Omega) have been measured. Complicated structures in the angular distributions indicate a variety of different resonances being produced in the s channel intermediate state gamma p --> N* (Delta*) --> p pi0. A combined analysis including the data presented in this letter along with other data sets reveals contributions from known resonances and evidence for a new resonance N(2070)D15.

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Positive Pion Photoproduction From Hydrogen at Photon Energies Between 500-{MeV} and 1400-{MeV} in Forward Direction

Althoff, K.H. ; Anton, G. ; Bock, B. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 18 (1983) 199, 1983.
Inspire Record 189703 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16352

The differential cross section of the reactionγ+p→π+ was measured at pion CM-angles of 20° and 30° for photon energies between 500 MeV and 1,400 MeV. The pions were detected in a magnetic spectrometer. By measuring each pion trajectory and by offline calculation of the initial pion parameters an energy resolution of about 2.5% FWHM was achieved. The results complete a set of data which were measured in recent years at the Bonn 2.5 GeV synchrotron. In comparison to photoproduction analyses two effects were revealed: The η cusp appears in the energy dependence of the cross section as a sharp drop atKγ=710 MeV. In the region of the third resonance the data show a greater enhancement than predicted by most of the analyses.

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The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Grigull, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 99 (1981) 287-291, 1981.
Inspire Record 155594 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27125

We present new high statistics data on hadron production in photon-photon reactions. The data are analyzed in terms of an electron-photon scattering formalism. The dependence of the total cross section of Q 2 , the four-momentum transfer squared of the scattered electron, and on the mass W of the hadronic system is investigated. The data are compared to predictions from Vector-Meson Dominance and the quark model.

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Hadron Production From Photon - Photon Interactions in the Center-of-mass Energy Range From 1-{GeV} to 5-{GeV}

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Grigull, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 89 (1979) 120-124, 1979.
Inspire Record 142875 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27291

We present the first data on photon-photon annihilation into hadrons for CM energies > 1 GeV obtained with the detector PLUTO at the e + e − storage ring PETRA. Cross sections are extracted using an inelastic eγ scattering formalism. The results are compared to expectations from Regge-like models.

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Measurement of the polarized structure function sigma(LT-prime) for pion electroproduction in the Roper resonance region

The CLAS collaboration Joo, K. ; Smith, L.C. ; Aznauryan, I.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 72 (2005) 058202, 2005.
Inspire Record 681275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25214

The polarized longitudinal-transverse structure function $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ measures the interference between real and imaginary amplitudes in pion electroproduction and can be used to probe the coupling between resonant and non-resonant processes. We report new measurements of $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ in the $N(1440){1/2}^+$ (Roper) resonance region at $Q^2=0.40$ and 0.65 GeV$^2$ for both the $\pi^0 p$ and $\pi^+ n$ channels. The experiment was performed at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) using longitudinally polarized electrons at a beam energy of 1.515 GeV. Complete angular distributions were obtained and are compared to recent phenomenological models. The $\sigma_{LT^\prime}(\pi^+ n)$ channel shows a large sensitivity to the Roper resonance multipoles $M_{1-}$ and $S_{1-}$ and provides new constraints on models of resonance formation.

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Measurement of the pi- p ---> 3 pi0 n total cross-section from threshold to 0.75-GeV/c

Starostin, A. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; Manley, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 67 (2003) 068201, 2003.
Inspire Record 620818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25279

We report a new measurement of the π−p→3π0n total cross section from threshold to pπ=0.75GeV/c. The cross section near the N(1535)12− resonance is only a few μb after subtracting the large η→3π0 background associated with π−p→ηn. A simple analysis of our data results in the estimated branching fraction B[S11→πN(1440)12+]=(8±2)%. This is the first such estimate obtained with a three-pion production reaction.

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Exclusive measurements of pi+- p --> pi+ pi+- n near threshold

The CHAOS collaboration Kermani, M. ; Amaudruz, P.A. ; Bonutti, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 58 (1998) 3419-3430, 1998.
Inspire Record 483005 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25726

The pion induced pion production reactions π±p→π+π±n were studied at projectile incident energies of 223, 243, 264, 284, and 305 MeV, using a cryogenic liquid hydrogen target. The Canadian High Acceptance Orbit Spectrometer was used to detect the two outgoing pions in coincidence. The experimental results are presented in the form of single differential cross sections. Total cross sections obtained by integrating the differential quantities are also reported. In addition, the invariant mass distributions from the (π+π−) channel were fitted to determine the parameters for an extended model based on that of Oset and Vicente-Vacas. We find the model parameters obtained from fitting the (π+π−) data do not describe the invariant mass distributions in the (π+π+) channel.

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Measurements of the Deuteron and Proton Magnetic Form-factors at Large Momentum Transfers

Bosted, Peter E. ; Katramatou, A.T. ; Arnold, R.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 42 (1990) 38-64, 1990.
Inspire Record 283632 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26165

Measurements of the deuteron elastic magnetic structure function B(Q2) are reported at squared four-momentum transfer values 1.20≤Q2≤2.77 (GeV/c)2. Also reported are values for the proton magnetic form factor GMp(Q2) at 11 Q2 values between 0.49 and 1.75 (GeV/c)2. The data were obtained using an electron beam of 0.5 to 1.3 GeV. Electrons backscattered near 180° were detected in coincidence with deuterons or protons recoiling near 0° in a large solid-angle double-arm spectrometer system. The data for B(Q2) are found to decrease rapidly from Q2=1.2 to 2 (GeV/c)2, and then rise to a secondary maximum around Q2=2.5 (GeV/c)2. Reasonable agreement is found with several different models, including those in the relativistic impulse approximation, nonrelativistic calculations that include meson-exchange currents, isobar configurations, and six-quark configurations, and one calculation based on the Skyrme model. All calculations are very sensitive to the choice of deuteron wave function and nucleon form factor parametrization. The data for GMp(Q2) are in good agreement with the empirical dipole fit.

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The Energy Dependence of Sigma (e+ e- --> Hadrons) in the Total Center-Of-Mass Energy Range 1.2-GeV to 3.0-GeV

Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; Brunini, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 51 (1974) 200-204, 1974.
Inspire Record 89816 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27933

We have observed 1085 events of the type e + e − → hadrons, in the total centre-of-mass energy range √ s = 1.2 to 3.0 GeV. The energy dependence of the total annihilation cross-section, parametrized in the form σ ( e + e − → hadrons ) = A · s n , is measured to be n = -(1.54 −0.29 +0.17 ) in the above energy range.

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Cross-Section Measurements for the Exclusive Reaction e+ e- --> 4 pi+- in the Energy Range 1.2-GeV to 3.0-GeV

Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; Brunini, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 53 (1974) 384-386, 1974.
Inspire Record 90250 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27914

We have measured the crosss section for the reaction e + e − → 4 π ± in the energy range 1 2–3.0 GeV.No statistically significant evidence for a new vector meson in the ϱ″ region is found.

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Polarized target asymmetry in pion proton bremsstrahlung at 298-MeV

Bosshard, A. ; Amsler, Claude ; Bistirlich, J.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 2619-2622, 1990.
Inspire Record 303404 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22827

First data are presented for the polarized-target asymmetry in the reaction π+p→π+pγ at an incident pion energy of 298 MeV. The geometry was chosen to maximize the sensitivity to the radiation of the magnetic dipole moment μΔ of the Δ++(1232 MeV). A fit of the asymmetry in the cross section d5σ/dΩπ dΩγ dk as a function of the photon energy k to predictions from a recent isobar-model calculation with μΔ as the only free parameter yields μΔ=1.64(±0.19expΔ,±0.14 theor)μp. Though this value agrees with bag-model corrections to the SU(6) prediction μΔ=2μp, further clarifications on the model dependence of the result are needed, in particular since the isobar model fails to describe both the cross section and the asymmetry at the highest photon energies.

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Study of Neutrino Interactions in Hydrogen and Deuterium. 1. Description of the Experiment and Study of the Reaction Neutrino d --> mu- p p(s)

Barish, S.J. ; Campbell, J. ; Charlton, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 16 (1977) 3103, 1977.
Inspire Record 5566 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24481

This paper gives a detailed description of an experiment which studies the interactions of muon-type neutrinos in hydrogen and deuterium. The experiment was performed at the Zero Gradient Synchrotron using the wide-band neutrino beam incident on the Argonne 12-foot bubble chamber filled with hydrogen and deuterium. The neutrino energy spectrum peaks at 0.5 GeV and has a tail extending to 6 GeV. The shape and intensity of the flux is determined using measurements of pion yields from beryllium. The produced pions are focused by one or (for the latter part of the experiment) two magnetic horns. A total of 364000 pictures were taken with a hydrogen filling of the bubble chamber and 903 000 with a deuterium filling. The scanning and other analyses of the events are described. The most abundant reaction occurs off neutrons and is quasi-elastic scattering νd→μ−pps. The separation of these events from background channels is discussed. The total and differential cross sections are analyzed to obtain the axial-vector form factor of the nucleon. Our result, expressed in terms of a dipole form factor, gives an axial-vector mass of 0.95±0.09 GeV. A comparison is made to previous measurements using neutrino beams, and also to determinations based upon threshold pion electroproduction experiments. In addition, the data are used to measure the weak vector form factor and so check the conserved-vector-current hypothesis.

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Inclusive hadron photoproduction from longitudinally polarized protons and deuterons

The E155 collaboration Anthony, P.L. ; Arnold, R.G. ; Averett, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 458 (1999) 536-544, 1999.
Inspire Record 495554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28074

We report measurements of the asymmetry A_parallel for inclusive hadron production on longitudinally polarized proton and deuteron targets by circularly polarized photons. The photons were produced via internal and external bremsstrahlung from an electron beam of 48.35 GeV. Asymmetries for both positive and negative signed hadrons, and a subset of identified pions, were measured in the momentum range 10<P<30 GeV at 2.75 and 5.5 degrees. Small non-zero asymmetries are observed for the proton, while the deuteron results are consistent with zero. Recent calculations do not describe the data well.

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The timelike electromagnetic form-factors of the charged pseudoscalar mesons from 1.44-GeV**2 to 9.0-GeV**2

Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; Brunini, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 46 (1973) 261-264, 1973.
Inspire Record 85277 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28063

The study of 620 hadron pairs produced in the s -range (1.44−9.0) GeV 2 , has yielded 110 collinear hadronic events. Their identification in terms of π and K mesons allows the determination of the time-like electromagnetic from factors of these pseudoscalar mesons in the above time-like range. The total number of (e + e − ) events observed in the same experimental conditions is 18 048.

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Measurement of pi- p ---> pi0 pi0 n from threshold to p(pi-) 750-MeV/c

The Crystal Ball collaboration Prakhov, S. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; Allgower, C.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 69 (2004) 045202, 2004.
Inspire Record 647544 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25355

Reaction π−p→π0π0n has been measured with high statistics in the beam momentum range 270–750MeV∕c. The data were obtained using the Crystal Ball multiphoton spectrometer, which has 93% of 4π solid angle coverage. The dynamics of the π−p→π0π0n reaction and the dependence on the beam energy are displayed in total cross sections, Dalitz plots, invariant-mass spectra, and production angular distributions. Special attention is paid to the evaluation of the acceptance that is needed for the precision determination of the total cross section σt(π−p→π0π0n). The energy dependence of σt(π−p→π0π0n) shows a shoulder at the Roper resonance [i.e., the N(1440)12+], and there is also a maximum near the N(1520)32−. It illustrates the importance of these two resonances to the π0π0 production process. The Dalitz plots are highly nonuniform; they indicate that the π0π0n final state is dominantly produced via the π0Δ0(1232) intermediate state. The invariant-mass spectra differ much from the phase-space distributions. The production angular distributions are also different from the isotropic distribution, and their structure depends on the beam energy. For beam momenta above 550MeV∕c, the density distribution in the Dalitz plots strongly depends on the angle of the outgoing dipion system (or equivalently on the neutron angle). The role of the f0(600) meson (also known as the σ) in π0π0n production remains controversial.

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Backward electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the region of nucleon resonances at four momentum transfer squared Q**2 = 1.0-GeV**2

The JLab Hall A collaboration Laveissiere, G. ; Degrande, N. ; Jaminion, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 69 (2004) 045203, 2004.
Inspire Record 625669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25226

Exclusive electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the backward hemisphere has been studied at Q**2 = 1.0 GeV**2 by detecting protons in the forward direction in coincidence with scattered electrons from the 4 GeV electron beam in Jefferson Lab's Hall A. The data span the range of the total (gamma* p) center-of-mass energy W from the pion production threshold to W = 2.0 GeV. The differential cross sections sigma_T+epsilon*sigma_L, sigma_TL, and sigma_TT were separated from the azimuthal distribution and are presented together with the MAID and SAID parametrizations.

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Measurements of Sigma (e+ e- --> mu+- mu-+) in the Energy Range 1.2-GeV-3.0-GeV

Alles-Borelli, V. ; Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 59 (1975) 201, 1975.
Inspire Record 99248 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27778

The analysis of 1466 events of the type e + e − → μ ± μ ± , in the time-lifke range from 1.44 to 9.00 GeV 2 , sh that the absolute value of the cross-section and its energy dependence follow QED expectations within (± 3.2%) and (± 1.2%), respectively.

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Mass identified particle production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 300-GeV, 540-GeV, 1000-GeV, and 1800-GeV

The E735 collaboration Alexopoulos, T. ; Allen, C. ; Anderson, E.W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 984-997, 1993.
Inspire Record 363171 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22669

The yields and average transverse momenta of pions, kaons, and antiprotons produced at the Fermilab p¯p collider at s=300, 540, 1000, and 1800 GeV are presented and compared with data from the energies reached at the CERN collider. We also present data on the dependence of average transverse momentum 〈pt〉 and particle ratios as a function of charged particle density dNcdη; data for particle densities as high as six times the average value, corresponding to a Bjorken energy density 6 GeV/fm3, are reported. These data are relevant to the search for quark-gluon phase of QCD.

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Pion-nucleon total cross-sections from 0.4 to 0.90 gev/c

Davidson, D. ; Bowen, T. ; Caldwell, P.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 6 (1972) 1199-1202, 1972.
Inspire Record 73938 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22266

The total cross sections of π± on protons in the momentum interval from 0.40 to 0.90 GeV/c have been measured with high relative precision. In this interval the statistical error varies between 10 and 20 μb. No new structure is observed.

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Measurement of Neutrino - Proton and anti-neutrino - Proton Elastic Scattering

Ahrens, L.A. ; Aronson, S.H. ; Connolly, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 35 (1987) 785, 1987.
Inspire Record 18763 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23350

Measurements of the semileptonic weak-neutral-current reactions νμp→νμp and ν¯μp→ν¯μp are presented. The experiment was performed using a 170-metric-ton high-resolution target detector in the BNL wide-band neutrino beam. High-statistics samples yield the absolute differential cross sections dσ(νμp)/dQ2 and dσ(ν¯μp)/dQ2. A measurement of the axial-vector form factor GA(Q2) is also presented. The results are in good agreement with the standard model SU(2)×U(1). The weak-neutral-current parameter sin2thetaW is determined to be sin2θW=0.220±0.016(stat)−0.031+0.023(syst).

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