Measurement of the differential cross-section for pi- p ---> n pi0 at 317, 452, and 491 mev/c

Berardo, P.A. ; Haddock, R.P. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 6 (1972) 756-766, 1972.
Inspire Record 73968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3558

Seventeen differential cross sections of the pion-nucleon charge-exchange reaction have been measured at total center-of-mass energies of 1245, 1337, and 1363 MeV. Most measurements are based on the neutron-photon coincidence method, using carefully calibrated neutron counters and an efficient, large-area photon detector. The results are used to test the predictions of charge independence, with which they agree. The results also confirm the Ayed-Bareyre-Sonderegger phase-degeneracy hypothesis at θ̃π0=180°.

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Production of Four Prong Final States in Photon-photon Collisions

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Avery, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 37 (1988) 28, 1988.
Inspire Record 261630 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3824

Results are presented on the exclusive production of four-prong final states in photon-photon collisions from the TPC/Two-Gamma detector at the SLAC e+e− storage ring PEP. Measurement of dE/dx and momentum in the time-projection chamber (TPC) provides identification of the final states 2π+2π−, K+K−π+π−, and 2K+2K−. For two quasireal incident photons, both the 2π+2π− and K+K−π+π− cross sections show a steep rise from threshold to a peak value, followed by a decrease at higher mass. Cross sections for the production of the final states ρ0ρ0, ρ0π+π−, and φπ+π− are presented, together with upper limits for φρ0, φφ, and K*0K¯ *0. The ρ0ρ0 contribution dominates the four-pion cross section at low masses, but falls to nearly zero above 2 GeV. Such behavior is inconsistent with expectations from vector dominance but can be accommodated by four-quark resonance models or by t-channel factorization. Angular distributions for the part of the data dominated by ρ0ρ0 final states are consistent with the production of JP=2+ or 0+ resonances but also with isotropic (nonresonant) production. When one of the virtual photons has mass (mγ2=-Q2≠0), the four-pion cross section is still dominated by ρ0ρ0 at low final-state masses Wγγ and by 2π+2π− at higher mass. Further, the dependence of the cross section on Q2 becomes increasingly flat as Wγγ increases.

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Electromagnetic Pion Form-Factor in the Timelike Region

Barkov, L.M. ; Chilingarov, A.G. ; Eidelman, S.I. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 256 (1985) 365-384, 1985.
Inspire Record 221309 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6886

The pion electromagnetic form factor has been measured at the VEPP-2M collider in the c.m. energy range 360 MeV–1400 MeV with the detectors OLYA and CMD. On the basis of all available data for the pion form factor collected in the timelike region, the following values for ρ-meson parameters were obtained: m ρ = 775.9 ± 1.1 MeV, σ ρ = 150.5 ± 3.0 MeV. The ω-meson branching ratio into π + π − pair, electromagnetic radius of the pion, ππ scattering length in the P-wave and the strong interaction contribution to the muon ( g − 2) value were found to be B ωππ = (2.3 ± 0.4)%, 〈 r π 2 〉 = 0.422 ± 0.013 fm 2 , a 1 1 = 0.033 ± 0.033m π −3 , a H = (68.4 ± 1.1) × 10 −9 .

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Backward photoproduction of neutral pions off hydrogen at photon energies between 0.4 and 2.2 gev

Becks, H. ; Feller, P. ; Menze, D. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 60 (1973) 267-276, 1973.
Inspire Record 83927 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6749

The differential cross section has been measured for the reaction γ +p→p+ π o at the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron in the energy range from 0.4 to 2.2 GeV for a c.m. angle of 150 degrees. The protons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer system. The excitation curve shows a distinct resonance structure. The total corrections to the counting rate are about 3%. The contribution of the process γ +p→p+2 π was separated. The uncertainty of this separation leads to an error of about 4% in the cross section.

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Measurement of the polarized structure function sigma(LT-prime) for pion electroproduction in the Roper resonance region

The CLAS collaboration Joo, K. ; Smith, L.C. ; Aznauryan, I.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 72 (2005) 058202, 2005.
Inspire Record 681275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25214

The polarized longitudinal-transverse structure function $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ measures the interference between real and imaginary amplitudes in pion electroproduction and can be used to probe the coupling between resonant and non-resonant processes. We report new measurements of $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ in the $N(1440){1/2}^+$ (Roper) resonance region at $Q^2=0.40$ and 0.65 GeV$^2$ for both the $\pi^0 p$ and $\pi^+ n$ channels. The experiment was performed at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) using longitudinally polarized electrons at a beam energy of 1.515 GeV. Complete angular distributions were obtained and are compared to recent phenomenological models. The $\sigma_{LT^\prime}(\pi^+ n)$ channel shows a large sensitivity to the Roper resonance multipoles $M_{1-}$ and $S_{1-}$ and provides new constraints on models of resonance formation.

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A Measurement of the electric form-factor of the neutron through polarized-d (polarized-e, e-prime n)p at Q**2 = 0.5-(GeV/c)**2

The E93026 collaboration Zhu, H. ; Ahmidouch, A. ; Anklin, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 081801, 2001.
Inspire Record 556212 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31418

We report the first measurement of the neutron electric form factor $G_E^n$ via $\vec{d}(\vec{e},e'n)p$ using a solid polarized target. $G_E^n$ was determined from the beam-target asymmetry in the scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from polarized deuterated ammonia, $^{15}$ND$_3$. The measurement was performed in Hall C at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) in quasi free kinematics with the target polarization perpendicular to the momentum transfer. The electrons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer in coincidence with neutrons in a large solid angle segmented detector. We find $G_E^n = 0.04632\pm0.00616 (stat.) \pm0.00341 (syst.)$ at $Q^2 = 0.495$ (GeV/c)$^2$.

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A Measurement of the Cross-Section for Four Pion Production in gamma gamma Collisions at SPEAR

Burke, D.L. ; Abrams, G.S. ; Alam, M.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 103 (1981) 153-156, 1981.
Inspire Record 165016 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31168

We present a measurement of the cross section for the reaction e + e − → e + e − π + π − π + π − at SPEAR. This channel is found to be large and dominated by the process γγ → ϱ 0 ϱ 0 → π + π − π + π − . The cross section, which is small just above the four-pion threshold, exhibits a large enhancement near the ϱ 0 ϱ 0 threshold.

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Photoproduction of Neutral Pions at Energies 500 to 940 Mev

Vette, J.I. ;
Phys.Rev. 111 (1958) 622-631, 1958.
Inspire Record 944995 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26859

The process γ+p→π0+p has been studied by detecting recoil protons from a liquid hydrogen target which was bombarded by the bremsstrahlung beam of the California Institute of Technology electron synchrotron. The angle and momentum of the recoil protons were measured by a magnetic spectrometer-three scintillation counter coincidence system. The process has been studied between photon laboratory energies of 490 and 940 Mev and between pion center-of-mass angles of 31.5° and 147°. Protons which arose from meson pair production were significant at forward laboratory angles. A correction for this contamination is discussed. The results of these measurements show two interesting features. One is that the total cross section, which falls very rapidly above the 32−32 resonance energy near 320 Mev, reaches a minimum at about 600 Mev, and then increases to a broad maximum near 800 or 900 Mev. The other striking feature of the data is that the shape of the angular distribution seems to change rather suddenly near 900 Mev.

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Photoproduction of pi+ Mesons from Hydrogen in the Region 350-900 Mev

Heinberg, M. ; McClelland, W.M. ; Turkot, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 110 (1958) 1211-1212, 1958.
Inspire Record 46812 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26860
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Photoproduction of pi0 Mesons from Hydrogen near Zero Degrees

Highland, V.L. ; DeWire, J.W. ;
Phys.Rev. 132 (1963) 1293-1297, 1963.
Inspire Record 944974 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26730

We report measurements of the differential cross section for photoproduction of π0 mesons from hydrogen, with the pion emerging near 0 deg, in the photon energy range 290 to 700 MeV. The results show no unusual behavior of the cross section in the forward direction. They are consistent with the angular distribution characteristic of a magnetic-dipole transition to a P32 state. The results agree reasonably well with theoretical predictions of Gourdin and Salin, but disagree with a prediction of DeTollis and Verganelakis. Least-squares fits in powers of cosθ have been made to the available angular distributions.

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Total Cross Sections for Negative Pions on Protons at 230, 290, 370, 427, and 460 Mev

Caris, John C. ; Goodwin, Lester K. ; Kenney, Robert W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 122 (1961) 262-264, 1961.
Inspire Record 944986 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26810

Total cross sections for negative pions on protons were measured at laboratory energies of 230, 290, 370, 427, and 460 Mev. The measurements were made in the same pion beams as and at energies identical with those of our π−−p differential scattering experiments. Comparisons of the total and differential scattering can be made with the dispersion theory at a given energy without introducing the systematic errors that would normally enter due to uncertainties in the parameters of more than one pion beam. The measured total cross sections are found to agree within statistics with other measured values, and with the sums of elastic, inelastic, and charge-exchange cross sections measured at this laboratory. The results are:

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Photoproduction of Neutral Pions at Forward Angles

Berkelman, Karl ; Waggoner, James A. ;
Phys.Rev. 117 (1960) 1364-1375, 1960.
Inspire Record 46817 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26899

The bremsstrahlung beam of the Cornell Bev electron synchrotron has been used to study the reaction γ+p→π0+p over the photon energy range 250 Mev to 1 Bev, and for center-of-mass pion angles between 20° and 70°. The recoil protons, of energies between 10 and 60 Mev, were identified and their energies determined using a range telescope of eight thin plastic scintillators enclosed in a vacuum chamber with the thin liquid hydrogen target. Correlated pulse-height information was obtained by photographing an oscilloscope display and was used to sort out the protons from mesons and electrons. Corrections were made for the background of photoprotons from the Mylar target cup, the energy loss of the protons in the liquid hydrogen, absorption and scattering in the counter telescope, and the variation of beam intensity profile with energy. Compared with previous experiments and extrapolations the results show a somewhat smaller forward differential cross section above 400 Mev. The angular distributions obtained from a least-squares fit to all existing data indicate a d32 assignment for the 760-Mev resonance level. Other implications of the data are also discussed.

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Positive-Pion Production Asymmetry with Polarized Bremsstrahlung Near Second Resonance

Liu, F.F. ; Vitale, S. ;
Phys.Rev. 144 (1966) 1093-1100, 1966.
Inspire Record 50917 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26643

The azimuthal asymmetry Σ=(σ⊥−σII)(σ⊥+σII) in π+ photoproduction by linearly polarized bremsstrahlung was measured at photon energies from 475 to 750 MeV at 90° and 135° in the center-of-mass system. The experimental results show that even in this energy region, π+ are produced predominantly in the plane of the magnetic vector.

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Total cross-section measurement for the three double pion production channels on the proton

Braghieri, A ; Murphy, L.Y ; Ahrens, J ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 363 (1995) 46-50, 1995.
Inspire Record 382744 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28464

The total cross sections for the three γp → Nππ reactions have been measured for photon energies from 400 to 800 MeV. The γ p → p π 0 π 0 and γ p → n π + π 0 cross sections have never been measured before while the γ p → p π + π − results are much improved compared to earlier data. These measurements were performed with the large acceptance hadronic detector DAPHNE, at the tagged photon beam facility of the MAMI microtron in Mainz.

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Investigation of exclusive channels in neutrino / anti-neutrino deuteron charged current interactions

Allasia, D. ; Angelini, C. ; van Apeldoorn, G.W. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 343 (1990) 285-309, 1990.
Inspire Record 303953 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33068

An analysis has been performed of neutrino and antineutrino interactions with protons and neutrons in a deuterium bubble chamber. The interactions under study are quasielastic neutrino-neutron scattering and one-, two- and three-pion production reactions. Results are presented on cross sections, effective mass distributions, resonance production, momentum transfer distributions and coefficients of the decay angular distributions. Where possible, comparisons are made with existing theoretical models and predictions.

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BACKWARD PHOTOPRODUCTION OF POSITIVE PIONS ON HYDROGEN

Fischer, G. ; Fischer, H. ; Leneke, M. ; et al.
1970.
Inspire Record 1105110 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37283
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Photoproduction of Neutral Pions for Incident Photon Energies 400-800 MeV. Search for a Resonant P-11 State and Remarks on the eta Cusp Effect

Bacci, C. ; Penso, G. ; Salvini, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 159 (1967) 1124-1137, 1967.
Inspire Record 944952 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37216

Cross sections for the photoproduction of neutral pions have been measured at the 1.1-GeV Frascati electron synchrotron for bombarding photon energies k between 400 and 800 MeV and for π0 c.m. angles of θπ*=90∘, 120∘, and 135∘. The main feature of the experiment is good resolution in incident photon energy. The results are in good agreement with the existing theories in the energy range of 450 to 550 MeV. The cross sections exhibit a smooth behavior as a function of energy for k=400−600 MeV. No immediate evidence is found of a contribution of the P11 resonance. An anomaly at the limit of statistical significance appears for k≃700−740 MeV, indicating a possible structure of the so-called second resonance. We attempt to interpret the observed anomaly as a reflection of the sharp opening of the η production channel (η cusp effect).

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Photoproduction of Single Positive Pions from Hydrogen in the 600- to 1000-Mev Region

Dixon, F.P. ; Walker, R.L. ;
Phys.Rev.Lett. 1 (1958) 458-460, 1958.
Inspire Record 48016 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37230
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Hadron pair production by electron-positron colliding beams

Barbiellini, G. ; Grilli, M. ; Iarocci, E. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 6S2 (1973) 557-565, 1973.
Inspire Record 86306 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37335
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Observation of a broad peak in the production of four charged pions by e+ e- collisions around 1.6 gev

Barbarino, G. ; Grilli, M. ; Iarocci, E. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 3 (1972) 689-692, 1972.
Inspire Record 77547 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37365
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Measurement of the polarization of the recoil protons from the reaction $\gamma + \rho \rightarrow \rho + \pi^0$ in the region of the second resonance at low pion center of mass angles

Trines, Dieter ; Althoff, K.H. ;
PhD Thesis, Bonn U., Math. Inst., 1972.
Inspire Record 1396209 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37154
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Negative Pion Production from Neutrons by Polarized gamma Rays

Nishikawa, T. ; Hiramatsu, S. ; Kimura, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 21 (1968) 1288-1291, 1968.
Inspire Record 944914 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38534

The differential asymmetry ratio for the process γ+n→p+π− was measured at 90° in the center-of-mass system and for incident photon energies from 352 to 550 MeV. The observed asymmetries are larger than the values predicted from the theory by Berends, Donnachie, and Weaver. A smaller M1- amplitude gives better agreement between the experiment and the theory.

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Polarization of recoil protons from neutral pion photoproduction

Hayakawa, Satio ; Horikawa, Naoaki ; Kajikawa, Ryoichi ; et al.
J.Phys.Soc.Jap. 25 (1968) 307-318, 1968.
Inspire Record 1393542 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38539
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OBSERVATION OF INVERSE ELECTROPRODUCTION OF PIONS ON C-12 NUCLEUS AT 164-MeV PION ENERGY AND DETERMINATION OF F1(v) NUCLEON FORM-FACTOR

Alekseev, G.D. ; Blokhintseva, T.D. ; Karpukhin, V.V. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 46 (1987) 801, 1987.
Inspire Record 247868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38865
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DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION FOR PI- P ---> GAMMA N FROM 427-MEV/C TO 625-MEV/C

Kim, G.J. ; Arends, J. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 244-247, 1989.
Inspire Record 285141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23110

Differential cross sections for π−p→γn have been determined from 427 to 625 MeV/c, mainly at 90° and 110° c.m. The data were obtained by combining measurements of the Panofsky ratio in flight with known charge-exchange cross sections. The results are compared with γn→π−p data derived from γd experiments; the difference is typically 30%. The radiative decay amplitudes of neutral πN resonances are therefore uncertain by at least 30%.

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