Measurement of differential $t\bar{t}$ production cross sections in $p\bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 90 (2014) 092006, 2014.
Inspire Record 1278493 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64755

The production of top quark-antiquark pair events in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV is studied as a function of the transverse momentum and absolute value of the rapidity of the top quarks as well as of the invariant mass of the $t\bar{t}$ pair. We select events containing an isolated lepton, a large imbalance in transverse momentum, and four or more jets with at least one jet identified to originate from a $b$ quark. The data sample corresponds to 9.7 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity recorded with the D0 detector during Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Observed differential cross sections are consistent with standard model predictions.

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The inclusive TOP TOPBAR production cross section.

The differential cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the top quark-antiquark pair, M(TOP + TOPBAR).

The differential cross section as a function of the absolute rapidity of the top quark/antiquark, ABS(YRAP(TOP/TOPBAR)).

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Double parton interactions in photon + 3 jet and photon + b/c jet + 2 jet events in ppbar collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 89 (2014) 072006, 2014.
Inspire Record 1280531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64745

We determine the fraction of events with double parton (DP) scattering in a single ppbar collision at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV in samples of photon + 3 jet and photon + b/c jet + 2 jet events collected with the D0 detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 8.7 fb^{-1}. The DP fractions and effective cross sections (sigma_eff) are measured for both event samples using the same kinematic selections. The measured DP fractions range from 0.21 to 0.17, with effective cross sections in the photon + 3 jet and photon + b/c jet + 2 jet samples of sigma_eff^incl = 12.7 +- 0.2 (stat) +- 1.3 (syst) mb and sigma_eff^HF = 14.6 +- 0.6 (stat) +- 3.2 (syst) mb, respectively.

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The effective cross sections measured for the inclusive and heavy flavour event samples.


Measurements of differential cross sections of $Z /\gamma^\ast$+jets+X events in proton anti-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=1.96 TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 678 (2009) 45-54, 2009.
Inspire Record 815094 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51854

We present cross section measurements for Z/gamma*+jets+X production, differential in the transverse momenta of the three leading jets. The data sample was collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron proton anti-proton collider at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 1 fb-1. Leading and next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions are compared with the measurements, and agreement is found within the theoretical and experimental uncertainties. We also make comparisons with the predictions of four event generators. Two parton-shower-based generators show significant shape and normalization differences with respect to the data. In contrast, two generators combining tree-level matrix elements with a parton shower give a reasonable description of the the shapes observed in data, but the predicted normalizations show significant differences with respect to the data, reflecting large scale uncertainties. For specific choices of scales, the normalizations for either generator can be made to agree with the measurements.

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PT distribution of the first jet in events with one or more jets with additional constraints on the electrons.

PT distribution of the first jet in events with one or more jets.

PT distribution of the second jet in events with two or more jets with additional constraints on the electrons.

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Measurement of the differential cross-section for the production of an isolated photon with associated jet in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 666 (2008) 435-445, 2008.
Inspire Record 782968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50549

The process $p\bar{p} \to \gamma$ + jet + X is studied using 1.0 $fb^{-1}$ of data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ collider at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}$=1.96 TeV. Photons are reconstructed in the central rapidity region |$y^{\gamma}$|< 1.0 with transverse momenta in the range 30<$p^{\gamma}_T$<400 GeV while jets are reconstructed in either the central |$y^{jet}$|< 0.8 or forward 1.5 <|$y^{jet}$|<2.5 rapidity intervals with $p^{jet}_T$> 15 GeV. The differential cross section $d^3\sigma/dp^{\gamma}_T dy^\gamma dy^{jet}$ is measured as a function of $p^{\gamma}_T$ in four regions, differing by the relative orientations of the photon and the jet in rapidity. Ratios between the differential cross sections in each region are also presented. Next-to-leading order QCD predictions using different parameterizations of parton distribution functions and theoretical scale choices are compared to the data. The predictions do not simultaneously describe the measured normalization and Pt_gamma dependence of the cross section in any of the four measured regions.

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Differential cross section for the region ABS(YRAP(JET)) < 0.8 and YRAP(GAMMA)*YRAP(JET) > 0.

Differential cross section for the region ABS(YRAP(JET)) < 0.8 and YRAP(GAMMA)*YRAP(JET) < 0.

Differential cross section for the region ABS(YRAP(JET)) 1.5 to 2.5 and YRAP(GAMMA)*YRAP(JET) > 0.

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Measurement of the shape of the boson transverse momentum distribution in p anti-p ---> Z / gamma* ---> e+ e- + X events produced at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 102002, 2008.
Inspire Record 769689 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50920

We present a measurement of the shape of the Z/gamma* boson transverse momentum (qT) distribution in ppbar -> Z/gamma* -> ee+X events at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV using 0.98 fb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The data are found to be consistent with the resummation prediction at low qT, but above the perturbative QCD calculation in the region of qT>30 GeV/c. Using events with qT<30 GeV/c, we extract the value of g2, one of the non-perturbative parameters for the resummation calculation. Data at large boson rapidity y are compared with the prediction of resummation and with alternative models that employ a resummed form factor with modifications in the small Bjorken x region of the proton wave function.

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Normalized differential transverse momentum spectrum for Z0/GAMMA* events.

Correlation matrix for all rapidity Z bosons for the 12 bins used for PT < 30.

Normalized differential transverse momentum spectrum for Z0/GAMMA* events for the absolute rapidity region > 2 and PT < 30 GeV.


Measurement of the $\boldsymbol{W}$ boson production charge asymmetry in $\boldsymbol{p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X}$ events at $\boldsymbol{\sqrt{s}=1.96}$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 151803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1268647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66256

We present a measurement of the $W$ boson production charge asymmetry in $p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X$ events at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using 9.7 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The neutrino longitudinal momentum is determined using a neutrino weighting method, and the asymmetry is measured as a function of the $W$ boson rapidity. The measurement extends over wider electron pseudorapidity region than previous results, and is the most precise to date, allowing for precise determination of proton parton distribution functions in global fits.

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${\it CP}$-folded $W$ charge asymmetry for data and predictions from MC@NLO using NNPDF2.3 PDFs tabulated in percent (%) for each $|y_W|$ bin. The $\langle|y_W|\rangle$ is calculated as the cross section weighted average of $y_W$ in each bin from RESBOS with photos. For data, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The uncertainties on the prediction come from both the PDF uncertainties and $\alpha_s$ uncertainties. The numbers in this table are the revised data published on 10th December 2014 (after the journal publication).

Correlation coefficients between central values of asymmetry in different $|y_W|$ bins.


Measurement of the combined rapidity and $p_T$ dependence of dijet azimuthal decorrelations in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96\,$TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 721 (2013) 212-219, 2013.
Inspire Record 1206604 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66543

We present the first combined measurement of the rapidity and transverse momentum dependence of dijet azimuthal decorrelations, based on the recently proposed quantity $R_{\Delta \phi}$. The variable $R_{\Delta \phi}$ measures the fraction of the inclusive dijet events in which the azimuthal separation of the two jets with the highest transverse momenta is less than a specified value for the parameter $\Delta \phi_{\rm max}$. The quantity $R_{\Delta \phi}$ is measured in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96\,$TeV, as a function of the dijet rapidity interval, the total scalar transverse momentum, and $\Delta \phi_{\rm max}$. The measurement uses an event sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $0.7\,$fb$^{-1}$ collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The results are compared to predictions of a perturbative QCD calculation at next-to-leading order in the strong coupling with corrections for non-perturbative effects. The theory predictions describe the data, except in the kinematic region of large dijet rapidity intervals and large $\Delta \phi_{\rm max}$.

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The results for $R_{\Delta\phi}$ with their relative uncertainties for $\Delta\phi_{\rm max}=7\pi/8$.

The results for $R_{\delta\phi}$ with their relative uncertainties for $\delta\phi_{\rm max}=5\pi/6$.

The results for $R_{\delta\phi}$ with their relative uncertainties for $\delta\phi_{\rm max}=3\pi/4$.


Measurement of the muon charge asymmetry in ppbar to W + X to mu nu + X events at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 88 (2013) 091102, 2013.
Inspire Record 1253555 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66280

We present a measurement of the muon charge asymmetry from the decay of the $W$ boson via W to mu nu using 7.3 fb^{-1} of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV. The muon charge asymmetry is presented in two kinematic regions in muon transverse momentum and event missing transverse energy: (p^{\mu}_{T} > 25 GeV, \met > 25 GeV) and (p^{\mu}_{T} > 35 GeV, \met > 35 GeV). The measured asymmetries are compared with theory predictions made using three parton distribution function sets. The predictions do not describe the data well for p^{\mu}_{T} > 35 GeV, \met > 35 GeV, and larger values of muon pseudorapidity.

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Muon charge asymmetry for data and predictions from RESBOS+PHOTOS using the CTEQ6.6 PDFs. The measurement is shown with statistical uncertainties followed by systematic uncertainties. The uncertainties for the predictions are only from the PDFs.

Muon charge asymmetry for data and predictions from RESBOS+PHOTOS using the CTEQ6.6 PDFs. The measurement is shown with statistical uncertainties followed by systematic uncertainties. The uncertainties for the predictions are only from the PDFs.

Contributions from individual sources of systematic uncertainty for the ($p^{\mu}_{T} > 25$, $E_T^{missing} > 25$) GeV kinematic region. All uncertainty values are multiplied by 100. The columns (1-7) correspond to: 1.0 = Electro-Weak background 2.0 = Multi-Jet background 3.0 = Charge mis-identification 4.0 = Relative charge efficiency 5.0 = Magnet polarity weighting 6.0 = Momentum/$E_T^{missing}$ resolution 7.0 = Trigger isolation.

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Measurement of the differential cross section d\sigma/dt in elastic $p\bar{p}$ scattering at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 86 (2012) 012009, 2012.
Inspire Record 1117021 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66559

We present a measurement of the elastic differential cross section $d\sigma(p\bar{p}\rightarrow p\bar{p})/dt$ as a function of the four-momentum-transfer squared t. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of $\approx 31 nb^{-1}$ collected with the D0 detector using dedicated Tevatron $p\bar{p} $ Collider operating conditions at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV and covers the range $0.26 <|t|< 1.2 GeV^2$. For $|t|<0.6 GeV^2$, d\sigma/dt is described by an exponential function of the form $Ae^{-b|t|}$ with a slope parameter $ b = 16.86 \pm 0.10(stat) \pm 0.20(syst) GeV^{-2}$. A change in slope is observed at $|t| \approx 0.6 GeV^2$, followed by a more gradual |t| dependence with increasing values of |t|.

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The $d\sigma$/$dt$ differential cross section. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are added in quadrature.


Measurement of the t anti-t production cross section in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV using lepton + jets events with lifetime b-tagging

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 626 (2005) 35-44, 2005.
Inspire Record 681605 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63680

We present a measurement of the top quark pair ($t\bar{t}$) production cross section ($\sigma_{t\bar{t}}$) in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV using 230 pb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We select events with one charged lepton (electron or muon), missing transverse energy, and jets in the final state. We employ lifetime-based b-jet identification techniques to further enhance the $t\bar{t}$ purity of the selected sample. For a top quark mass of 175 GeV, we measure $\sigma_{t\bar{t}}=8.6^{+1.6}_{-1.5}(stat.+syst.)\pm 0.6(lumi.)$ pb, in agreement with the standard model expectation.

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TTBAR production cross section. Error contains statistical and systematics (excluding the luminosity uncertainty).