Measurement with the ATLAS detector of multi-particle azimuthal correlations in p+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ =5.02 TeV

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abajyan, Tatevik ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B725 (2013) 60-78, 2013.
Inspire Record 1223123 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66179

In order to study further the long-range correlations (“ridge”) observed recently in p+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5:02 TeV, the second-order azimuthal anisotropy parameter of charged particles, $v_2$, has been measured with the cumulant method using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. In a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 1 microbarn-1, the parameter $v_2$ has been obtained using two- and four-particle cumulants over the pseudorapidity range |$\eta$| < 2.5. The results are presented as a function of transverse momentum and the event activity, defined in terms of the transverse energy summed over 3.1 < $\eta$ < 4.9 in the direction of the Pb beam. They show features characteristic of collective anisotropic flow, similar to that observed in Pb+Pb collisions. A comparison is made to results obtained using two-particle correlation methods, and to predictions from hydrodynamic models of p+Pb collisions. Despite the small transverse spatial extent of the p+Pb collision system, the large magnitude of $v_2$ and its similarity to hydrodynamic predictions provide additional evidence for the importance of final-state effects in p+Pb reactions.

10 data tables match query

The second flow harmonic measured with the two-particle cumulants as a function of transverse momentum in the event activity bin of 25-40 GeV.

The second flow harmonic measured with the two-particle cumulants as a function of transverse momentum in the event activity bin of 40-55 GeV.

The second flow harmonic measured with the two-particle cumulants as a function of transverse momentum in the event activity bin of 55-80 GeV.

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Centrality and rapidity dependence of inclusive jet production in $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV proton-lead collisions with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B748 (2015) 392-413, 2015.
Inspire Record 1334140 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67349

Measurements of the centrality and rapidity dependence of inclusive jet production in sNN=5.02 TeV proton–lead ( p+Pb ) collisions and the jet cross-section in s=2.76 TeV proton–proton collisions are presented. These quantities are measured in datasets corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 27.8 nb −1 and 4.0 pb −1 , respectively, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider in 2013. The p+Pb collision centrality was characterised using the total transverse energy measured in the pseudorapidity interval −4.9<η<−3.2 in the direction of the lead beam. Results are presented for the double-differential per-collision yields as a function of jet rapidity and transverse momentum ( pT ) for minimum-bias and centrality-selected p+Pb collisions, and are compared to the jet rate from the geometric expectation. The total jet yield in minimum-bias events is slightly enhanced above the expectation in a pT -dependent manner but is consistent with the expectation within uncertainties. The ratios of jet spectra from different centrality selections show a strong modification of jet production at all pT at forward rapidities and for large pT at mid-rapidity, which manifests as a suppression of the jet yield in central events and an enhancement in peripheral events. These effects imply that the factorisation between hard and soft processes is violated at an unexpected level in proton–nucleus collisions. Furthermore, the modifications at forward rapidities are found to be a function of the total jet energy only, implying that the violations may have a simple dependence on the hard parton–parton kinematics.

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The $R_{\mathrm{coll}}$ and $T_{p\mathrm{A}}$ values and their uncertainties in each centrality bin.

Per-event jet yields in 0-90% p+Pb collisions, within the centre of mass rapidity -2.1 to -1.2 (positive denotes downstream proton direction).

Per-event jet yields in 0-90% p+Pb collisions, within the centre of mass rapidity -1.2 to -0.8 (positive denotes downstream proton direction).

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Observation of Associated Near-Side and Away-Side Long-Range Correlations in $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=5.02  TeV Proton-Lead Collisions with the ATLAS Detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abajyan, Tatevik ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 110 (2013) 182302, 2013.
Inspire Record 1208304 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62784

Two-particle correlations in relative azimuthal angle ($\Delta-\phi$) and pseudorapidity ($\Delta-\eta$) are measured in $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV p+Pb collisions using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The measurements are performed using approximately 1 $\mu b^{-1}$ of data as a function of $p_T$ and the transverse energy ($\sum E_T^{Pb}$) summed over 3.1 < $\eta$ < 4.9 in the direction of the Pb beam. The correlation function, constructed from charged particles, exhibits a long-range (2<|$\Delta-\eta$|<5) near-side ($\Delta-\phi$ ~ 0) correlation that grows rapidly with increasing $\sum E_T^{Pb}$. A long-range away-side ($\Delta-\phi$ ~ pi) correlation, obtained by subtracting the expected contributions from recoiling dijets and other sources estimated using events with small $\sum E_T^{Pb}$, is found to match the near-side correlation in magnitude, shape (in $\Delta-\eta$ and $\Delta-\phi$) and $\sum E_T^{Pb}$ dependence. The resultant $\Delta-\phi$ correlation is approximately symmetric about $\pi$/2, and is consistent with a cos(2$\Delta-\phi$) modulation for all $\sum E_T^{Pb}$ ranges and particle $p_T$. The amplitude of this modulation is comparable in magnitude and $p_T$ dependence to similar modulations observed in heavy-ion collisions, suggestive of final-state collective effects in high multiplicity events.

127 data tables match query

Distribution of per-trigger yield, Y(DELTA(PHI)), in the peripheral and the central event activity classes and their differences, for 0.3 < pT(a) < 0.5 GeV and 0.5 < pT(b) < 4 GeV.

Distribution of per-trigger yield, Y(DELTA(PHI)), in the peripheral and the central event activity classes and their differences, for 0.5 < pT(a) < 1 GeV and 0.5 < pT(b) < 4 GeV.

Distribution of per-trigger yield, Y(DELTA(PHI)), in the peripheral and the central event activity classes and their differences, for 1 < pT(a) < 2 GeV and 0.5 < pT(b) < 4 GeV.

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Measurement of jet fragmentation in Pb+Pb and $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C98 (2018) 024908, 2018.
Inspire Record 1673177 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91197

This paper presents a measurement of jet fragmentation functions in 0.49 nb−1 of Pb+Pb collisions and 25 pb−1 of pp collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV collected in 2015 with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. These measurements provide insight into the jet quenching process in the quark-gluon plasma created in the aftermath of ultrarelativistic collisions between two nuclei. The modifications to the jet fragmentation functions are quantified by dividing the measurements in Pb+Pb collisions by baseline measurements in pp collisions. This ratio is studied as a function of the transverse momentum of the jet, the jet rapidity, and the centrality of the collision. In both collision systems, the jet fragmentation functions are measured for jets with transverse momentum between 126 and 398 GeV and with an absolute value of jet rapidity less than 2.1. An enhancement of particles carrying a small fraction of the jet momentum is observed, which increases with centrality and with increasing jet transverse momentum. Yields of particles carrying a very large fraction of the jet momentum are also observed to be enhanced. Between these two enhancements of the fragmentation functions a suppression of particles carrying an intermediate fraction of the jet momentum is observed in Pb+Pb collisions. A small dependence of the modifications on jet rapidity is observed.

93 data tables match query

The D(z) distributions in different centrality intervals in PbPb and in pp for 126.00 < pTjet < 158.49 and 0.0 < eta < 0.3.

The D(pT) distributions in different centrality intervals in PbPb and in pp for 126.00 < pTjet < 158.49 and 0.0 < eta < 0.3.

The ratio of the D(z) in different centrality intervals in PbPb and in pp for 126.00 < pTjet < 158.49 and 0.0 < eta < 0.3.

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Measurement of long-range pseudorapidity correlations and azimuthal harmonics in $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV proton-lead collisions with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C90 (2014) 044906, 2014.
Inspire Record 1315325 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66357

Measurements of two-particle correlation functions and the first five azimuthal harmonics, $v_1$ to $v_5$, are presented, using 28 $\mathrm{nb}^{-1}$ of $p$+Pb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02$ TeV measured with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Significant long-range "ridge-like" correlations are observed for pairs with small relative azimuthal angle ($|\Delta\phi|<\pi/3$) and back-to-back pairs ($|\Delta\phi| > 2\pi/3$) over the transverse momentum range $0.4 < p_{\rm T} < 12$ GeV and in different intervals of event activity. The event activity is defined by either the number of reconstructed tracks or the total transverse energy on the Pb-fragmentation side. The azimuthal structure of such long-range correlations is Fourier decomposed to obtain the harmonics $v_n$ as a function of $p_{\rm T}$ and event activity. The extracted $v_n$ values for $n=2$ to 5 decrease with $n$. The $v_2$ and $v_3$ values are found to be positive in the measured $p_{\rm T}$ range. The $v_1$ is also measured as a function of $p_{\rm T}$ and is observed to change sign around $p_{\rm T}\approx 1.5$-2.0 GeV and then increase to about 0.1 for $p_{\rm T}>4$ GeV. The $v_2(p_{\rm T})$, $v_3(p_{\rm T})$ and $v_4(p_{\rm T})$ are compared to the $v_n$ coefficients in Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} =2.76$ TeV with similar event multiplicities. Reasonable agreement is observed after accounting for the difference in the average $p_{\rm T}$ of particles produced in the two collision systems.

92 data tables match query

The distributions of $N_{ch}^{rec}$ for MB and MB+HMT after applying an event-by-event weight, errors are statistical.

The distributions of $E_{T}^{Pb}$ [GeV] for MB and MB+HMT after applying an event-by-event weight, errors are statistical.

Per-trigger yield in 2D, $Y$($\Delta\phi$,$\Delta\eta$), for events with $E_{T}^{Pb} <$ 10 GeV and $N_{ch}^{rec} \geq$ 200 and recoil-subtracted per-trigger yield, $Y^{sub}$($\Delta\phi$,$\Delta\eta$) for events with $N_{ch}^{rec} \geq$ 200. Errors are statistical.

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Measurement of long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations with the subevent cumulant method in $pp$ and $p + Pb$ collisions with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C97 (2018) 024904, 2018.
Inspire Record 1615757 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82287

A detailed study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations is presented using pp data at s=5.02 and 13 TeV, and p+Pb data at sNN=5.02 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The azimuthal correlations are probed using four-particle cumulants cn{4} and flow coefficients vn{4}=(−cn{4})1/4 for n=2 and 3, with the goal of extracting long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlation signals and suppressing the short-range correlations. The values of cn{4} are obtained as a function of the average number of charged particles per event, Nch, using the recently proposed two-subevent and three-subevent cumulant methods, and compared with results obtained with the standard cumulant method. The standard method is found to be strongly biased by short-range correlations, which originate mostly from jets with a positive contribution to cn{4}. The three-subevent method, on the other hand, is found to be least sensitive to short-range correlations. The three-subevent method gives a negative c2{4}, and therefore a well-defined v2{4}, nearly independent of Nch, which implies that the long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations persist to events with low multiplicity. Furthermore, v2{4} is found to be smaller than the v2{2} measured using the two-particle correlation method, as expected for long-range collective behavior. Finally, the measured values of v2{4} and v2{2} are used to estimate the number of sources relevant for the initial eccentricity in the collision geometry. The results based on the subevent cumulant technique provide direct evidence, in small collision systems, for a long-range collectivity involving many particles distributed across a broad rapidity interval.

72 data tables match query

The c_3{4} values calculated for charged particles with 0.5 < pT < 5 GeV with the standard cumulant method from the 5.02 TeV pp data. The event averaging is performed for N_{ch}^{Sel} calculated for 0.5 < pT < 5 GeV.

The c_3{4} values calculated for charged particles with 0.5 < pT < 5 GeV with the standard cumulant method from the 13 TeV pp data. The event averaging is performed for N_{ch}^{Sel} calculated for 0.5 < pT < 5 GeV.

The c_3{4} values calculated for charged particles with 0.5 < pT < 5 GeV with the standard cumulant method from the 5.02 TeV p+Pb data. The event averaging is performed for N_{ch}^{Sel} calculated for 0.5 < pT < 5 GeV.

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Measurement of photon–jet transverse momentum correlations in 5.02 TeV Pb + Pb and $pp$ collisions with ATLAS

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B789 (2019) 167-190, 2019.
Inspire Record 1694678 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85369

Jets created in association with a photon can be used as a calibrated probe to study energy loss in the medium created in nuclear collisions. Measurements of the transverse momentum balance between isolated photons and inclusive jets are presented using integrated luminosities of 0.49 nb$^{-1}$ of Pb+Pb collision data at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV and 25 pb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV recorded with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Photons with transverse momentum $63.1 < p_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma} < 200$ GeV and $\left|\eta^{\gamma}\right| < 2.37$ are paired inclusively with all jets in the event that have $p_\mathrm{T}^\mathrm{jet} > 31.6$ GeV and pseudorapidity $\left|\eta^\mathrm{jet}\right| < 2.8$. The transverse momentum balance given by the jet-to-photon $p_\mathrm{T}$ ratio, $x_\mathrm{J\gamma}$, is measured for pairs with azimuthal opening angle $\Delta\phi > 7\pi/8$. Distributions of the per-photon jet yield as a function of $x_\mathrm{J\gamma}$, $(1/N_\gamma)(\mathrm{d}N/\mathrm{d}x_\mathrm{J\gamma})$, are corrected for detector effects via a two-dimensional unfolding procedure and reported at the particle level. In $pp$ collisions, the distributions are well described by Monte Carlo event generators. In Pb+Pb collisions, the $x_\mathrm{J\gamma}$ distribution is modified from that observed in $pp$ collisions with increasing centrality, consistent with the picture of parton energy loss in the hot nuclear medium. The data are compared with a suite of energy-loss models and calculations.

6 data tables match query

Photon-jet pT balance distributions (1/Ng)(dN/dxJg) in pp events (blue, reproduced on all panels) and Pb+Pb events (red) with each panel denoting a different centrality selection. These panels show results with pTg = 63.1-79.6 GeV. Total systematic uncertainties are shown as boxes, while statistical uncertainties are shown with vertical bars.

Photon-jet pT balance distributions (1/Ng)(dN/dxJg) in pp events (blue, reproduced on all panels) and Pb+Pb events (red) with each panel denoting a different centrality selection. These panels show results with pTg = 79.6-100 GeV. Total systematic uncertainties are shown as boxes, while statistical uncertainties are shown with vertical bars.

Photon-jet pT balance distributions (1/Ng)(dN/dxJg) in pp events (blue, reproduced on all panels) and Pb+Pb events (red) with each panel denoting a different centrality selection. These panels show results with pTg = 100-158 GeV. Total systematic uncertainties are shown as boxes, while statistical uncertainties are shown with vertical bars.

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Measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles produced in $\sqrt{s_{_\text {NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 997, 2018.
Inspire Record 1686834 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84427

Measurements of the azimuthal anisotropy in lead–lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\text {NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV are presented using a data sample corresponding to 0.49 ${\mathrm {nb}}^{-1}$ integrated luminosity collected by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC in 2015. The recorded minimum-bias sample is enhanced by triggers for “ultra-central” collisions, providing an opportunity to perform detailed study of flow harmonics in the regime where the initial state is dominated by fluctuations. The anisotropy of the charged-particle azimuthal angle distributions is characterized by the Fourier coefficients, $v_{2}$ – $v_{7}$ , which are measured using the two-particle correlation, scalar-product and event-plane methods. The goal of the paper is to provide measurements of the differential as well as integrated flow harmonics $v_{n}$ over wide ranges of the transverse momentum, 0.5  $<p_{\mathrm{T}}<$  60 GeV, the pseudorapidity, $|\eta |<$  2.5, and the collision centrality 0–80%. Results from different methods are compared and discussed in the context of previous and recent measurements in Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\text {NN}}}$ = 2.76  $\mathrm{TeV}$ and 5.02  $\mathrm{TeV}$ . In particular, the shape of the $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ dependence of elliptic or triangular flow harmonics is observed to be very similar at different centralities after scaling the $v_{n}$ and $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ values by constant factors over the centrality interval 0–60% and the $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ range 0.5  $< p_{\mathrm{T}}<$  5 GeV.

456 data tables match query

The V2 harmonic measured with the scalar product method as a funtion of transverse momentum in centrality bin 0-0.1%

The V2 harmonic measured with the scalar product method as a funtion of transverse momentum in centrality bin 0-1%

The V2 harmonic measured with the scalar product method as a funtion of transverse momentum in centrality bin 0-5%