Measurement of Parity-Violating Asymmetry in Electron-Deuteron Inelastic Scattering

Wang, D. ; Pan, K. ; Subedi, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 91 (2015) 045506, 2015.
Inspire Record 1327482 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72848

The parity-violating asymmetries between a longitudinally-polarized electron beam and an unpolarized deuterium target have been measured recently. The measurement covered two kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region and five in the nucleon resonance region. We provide here details of the experimental setup, data analysis, and results on all asymmetry measurements including parity-violating electron asymmetries and those of inclusive pion production and beam-normal asymmetries. The parity-violating deep-inelastic asymmetries were used to extract the electron-quark weak effective couplings, and the resonance asymmetries provided the first evidence for quark-hadron duality in electroweak observables. These electron asymmetries and their interpretation were published earlier, but are presented here in more detail.

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Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab.

Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab, for RES I settings.

Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab, for RES II settings.

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II – Experimental investigation of transverse spin asymmetries in μ -p SIDIS processes: Sivers asymmetries

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Alekseev, M.G. ; Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 717 (2012) 383-389, 2012.
Inspire Record 1115721 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59737

The COMPASS Collaboration at CERN has measured the transverse spin azimuthal asymmetry of charged hadrons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering using a 160 GeV positive muon beam and a transversely polarised NH_3 target. The Sivers asymmetry of the proton has been extracted in the Bjorken x range 0.003<x<0.7. The new measurements have small statistical and systematic uncertainties of a few percent and confirm with considerably better accuracy the previous COMPASS measurement. The Sivers asymmetry is found to be compatible with zero for negative hadrons and positive for positive hadrons, a clear indication of a spin-orbit coupling of quarks in a transversely polarised proton. As compared to measurements at lower energy, a smaller Sivers asymmetry for positive hadrons is found in the region x > 0.03. The asymmetry is different from zero and positive also in the low x region, where sea-quarks dominate. The kinematic dependence of the asymmetry has also been investigated and results are given for various intervals of hadron and virtual photon fractional energy. In contrast to the case of the Collins asymmetry, the results on the Sivers asymmetry suggest a strong dependence on the four-momentum transfer to the nucleon, in agreement with the most recent calculations.

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The Sivers asymmetry, from the 2010 data set, for positive hadrons as a function of X for full range. Also shown are the mean values of other variables plus the correlation with the Collins data measurments.

The Sivers asymmetry, from the 2010 data set, for negative hadrons as a function of X for full range. Also shown are the mean values of other variables plus the correlation with the Collins data measurments.

The Sivers asymmetry, from the 2010 data set, for positive hadrons as a function of PT for full range. Also shown are the mean values of other variables plus the correlation with the Collins data measurments.

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Inclusive and differential measurements of the $t\overline{t}$ charge asymmetry in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 757 (2016) 154-179, 2016.
Inspire Record 1382590 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68759

The t t-bar charge asymmetry is measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The data, collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC, correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. Selected events contain an electron or a muon and four or more jets, where at least one jet is identified as originating from b-quark hadronization. The inclusive charge asymmetry is found to be 0.0010 +/- 0.0068 (stat) +/- 0.0037 (syst). In addition, differential charge asymmetries as a function of rapidity, transverse momentum, and invariant mass of the t t-bar system are studied. For the first time at the LHC, the measurements are also performed in a reduced fiducial phase space of top quark pair production, with an integrated result of -0.0035 +/- 0.0072 (stat) +/- 0.0031 (syst). All measurements are consistent within two standard deviations with zero asymmetry as well as with the predictions of the standard model.

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Corrected asymmetry as a function of $|y_\mathrm{t\bar{t}}|$ in the fiducial phase space. The value 9999 is used as a placeholder for infinity. The correlation matrix for these values can be found in a separate table.

Correlation matrix for the asymmetries as a function of $|y_\mathrm{t\bar{t}}|$ in the fiducial phase space. Both statistical and systematic effects are considered.

Corrected asymmetry as a function of $p_\text{T}^\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ in the fiducial phase space. The value 9999 is used as a placeholder for infinity. The correlation matrix for these values can be found in a separate table.

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Observation of Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations of Charged Pion Pairs in $p^\uparrow+p$ at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 115 (2015) 242501, 2015.
Inspire Record 1357596 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73282

We report the observation of transverse polarization-dependent azimuthal correlations in charged pion pair production with the STAR experiment in $p^\uparrow+p$ collisions at RHIC. These correlations directly probe quark transversity distributions. We measure signals in excess of five standard deviations at high transverse momenta, at high pseudorapidities eta>0.5, and for pair masses around the mass of the rho-meson. This is the first direct transversity measurement in p+p collisions. Comparing the results to data from lepton-nucleon scattering will test the universality of these spin-dependent quantities.

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$p_T$ asymmetries, $\eta$ < 0, maximum opening angle of 0.2.

$<M_{inv}>$ asymmetries, $\eta$ < 0, maximum opening angle of 0.2.

$p_T$ asymmetries, $\eta$ > 0, maximum opening angle 0.2.

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Forward–backward asymmetry of Drell–Yan lepton pairs in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 8$ $\,\mathrm{TeV}$

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 325, 2016.
Inspire Record 1415949 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73121

A measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry A[FB] of oppositely charged lepton pairs (mu mu and e e) produced via Z/gamma* boson exchange in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement of A[FB] is performed for dilepton masses between 40 GeV and 2 TeV and for dilepton rapidity up to 5. The A[FB] measurements as a function of dilepton mass and rapidity are compared with the standard model predictions.

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Unfolded combined measurements of AFB in each M-|y| bin (mu+mu- and e+e- combined).

Unfolded measurement of AFB for the forward rapidity region (e+e-).

Unfolded measurements of AFB in each M-|y| bin (mu+mu-).

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First measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in bottom-quark pair production at high mass

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 032006, 2015.
Inspire Record 1364882 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73682

We measure the particle-level forward-backward production asymmetry in $b\bar{b}$ pairs with masses $m(b\bar{b})$ larger than 150 GeV/$c^2$, using events with hadronic jets and employing jet charge to distinguish $b$ from $\bar{b}$. The measurement uses 9.5/fb of ppbar collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV recorded by the CDF II detector. The asymmetry as a function of $m(b\bar{b})$ is consistent with zero, as well as with the predictions of the standard model. The measurement disfavors a simple model including an axigluon with a mass of 200 GeV/$c^2$ whereas a model containing a heavier 345 GeV/$c^2$ axigluon is not excluded.

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Values of maximum a posteriori signal asymmetry as a function of $b\bar{b}$ mass. The error bars represent the 68% credible intervals.


Measurement of parity-violating spin asymmetries in W$^{\pm}$ production at midrapidity in longitudinally polarized $p+p$ collisions

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 051103, 2016.
Inspire Record 1365091 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73691

We present measurements from the PHENIX experiment of large parity-violating single spin asymmetries of high transverse momentum electrons and positrons from $W^\pm/Z$ decays, produced in longitudinally polarized $p$$+$$p$ collisions at center of mass energies of $\sqrt{s}$=500 and 510~GeV. These asymmetries allow direct access to the anti-quark polarized parton distribution functions due to the parity-violating nature of the $W$-boson coupling to quarks and anti-quarks. The results presented are based on data collected in 2011, 2012, and 2013 with an integrated luminosity of 240 pb$^{-1}$, which exceeds previous PHENIX published results by a factor of more than 27. These high $Q^2$ data provide an important addition to our understanding of anti-quark parton helicity distribution functions.

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Longitudinal single-spin asymmetries, $A_L$, for the 2011 and 2012 data sets (combined) spanning the entire $\eta$ range of PHENIX ($\left|\eta\right|<0.35$), for the 2013 data set separated into two $\eta$ bins, and for the combined 2011-2013 data sets.


Measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in $\boldsymbol{p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X}$ decays in $\boldsymbol{p\bar{p}}$ collisions at $\boldsymbol{\sqrt{s}=1.96}$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 032007, 2015.
Inspire Record 1333394 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73177

We present a measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in $p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X$ events at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using data corresponding to 9.7~fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The asymmetry is measured as a function of the electron pseudorapidity and is presented in five kinematic bins based on the electron transverse energy and the missing transverse energy in the event. The measured asymmetry is compared with next-to-leading-order predictions in perturbative quantum chromodynamics and provides accurate information for the determination of parton distribution functions of the proton. This is the most precise lepton charge asymmetry measurement to date.

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CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $E_T^{e} > 25$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.

CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $25 < E_T^{e} < 35$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.

CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $E_T^{e} > 35$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.


Inclusive Electron Production From Heavy Quarks in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at 34.6-{GeV} Center-of-mass Energy

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 146 (1984) 443-449, 1984.
Inspire Record 202782 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30507

The production of electrons by bottom and charm hadrons has been studied in e + e − annihilation at 34.6 GeV center of mass energy. It is observed that the b quark fragmentation function is peaked at large values of the scaling variable z with 〈 z b 〉 = 0.84 +0.15 + 0.15 −0.10 − 0.11 . For c quarks 〈 z c 〉 = 0.57 +0.10 + 0.05 −0.09 − 0.06 is observed. A forward-backward charge asymmetry of A = −0.25 ± 0.22 was measured in b production.

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THE VALUE OF ASYMMETRY WAS DETERMINED USING A SAMPLE OF PROMPT ELECTRONS.

THE VALUE OF ASYMMETRY WAS DETERMINED USING A SAMPLE OF PROMPT ELECTRONS.


STUDY OF CORRELATIONS BETWEEN THE TRANSVERSE MOMENTA OF THE SECONDARY HADRONS IN anti-p p INTERACTIONS AT 32-GeV/c

Bogolyubsky, M.Yu. ; Borovikov, A.A. ; Bumazhnov, V.A. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 44 (1986) 631, 1986.
Inspire Record 223258 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28957
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